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Full text of "Biographical history of La Crosse, Trempealeau and Buffalo counties, Wisconsin"

Class. 



Book S^/ 



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2- ^ f -^ 




OIF- 




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^ILTID 




WI©GOM©IM. 



Containing Portraits of all the Presidents of the United States, with accompanying 

Biographies of each; Engravings of Prominent Citizens of the Counties, 

with Personal Histories of many of the Early Settlers and 

Leading Families. 



'Biograpliy is the only true history." — Emerson. 



ch:ic!a.o-o: 
THE LEWIS PUBLISHING COMPANY- 

18^2. 



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i . 



George Washington 9 

John Adams 14 

Thomas Jefferson 20 

James Madison 26 

James Monroe 32 

John Quincy Adams 38 

Andrew Jackson 47 

Martin Van Buren 53 

William Henry Harrison 58 

John Tyler 60 

James K. Polk 64 

Zachary Taylor 68 



Millard Fillmore 73 

Franklin Pierce 76 

James Buchanan 80 

Abraham Lincoln 84 

Andrew Johnson 93 

Ulysses 8. Grant 96 

R.B.Hayes 103 

J. A. Garfield 109 

Chester A. Arthur 113 

Groyer Cleveland 117 

Benjamin Harrison 120 




-^5|^ 



IV 



CONTENTS. 



BIOGI^APHIGAL SI^BITGHES. 



Adolph, Chris 131 

Alden, Charles J 271 

Alger, L.W 264 

Allen, Geo. H 502 

Alme, Erik 604 

Anders, Theron 469 

Anderson, A. W 784 

Anderson, H. A 716 

Anderson, John 318 

Anderson, Mous 221 

Anderson, W. A 275 

Andreas, Henry 4S7 

Andrews, Chester 537 

Andrews, E. H 132 

Angst, Jacob 737 

Arnold, A. A 641 

Arnold, W. B 666 

Ashley, C. N 768 

Asselin, John 419 

Atkinson, C. N 522 

Atkinson, George 315 

Atwater, W. B 428 

Atwood, Seba 719 

Austin, David 156 

Babinski, A 786 

Bach, Nicholas 754 

Bailey, Frank 146 

Banker, John 477 

Barber Bros 529 

Barclay, 1). N 5:.5 

Barclay, Thomas 479 

Barney, T.J 450 

Bainilz, Louis 787 

Barr, Samuel 719 

Bart/., Charles A 2'.:3 

Beach, J. B 773 

Beadle, K.J 519 

Bechniaiin, C. U 717 

Bechiuiinn, Henry 654 

Ueck, John M 485 

Beckel, Jacob 389 

Beckel, L. P 3'JO 

Bellerue. A 277 

Bender, Franklin 7i4 

Benlley, E. E -.33 

Benton, C. S 452 

Berg. Emil 217 

Bergh, Martin 436 

Beyer, K. G 163 

Bibl)y, John 670 

Bigliam, Daniel 746 

Bigham, John 753 

Biisner, A. A 757 

Bishop, Collins 7.57 

Black, A. () 415 

IJhuk.Ole O 404 

BUiiiibard, D. H .. 4.")7 

Bleekman, A. E 153 

Bliss, H. 1 3'J7 



151odgett, Wm. H 678 

Blue, J.J. 758 

Boley, A. E 337 

Borreson, C. L 223 

Borreson, E. N 204 

IJoschert, J osepli 212 

Bosshard, Gottlieb 532 

Boucher, Joseph 475 

Bowen, LeKoy 380 

Bowen, Oscar 438 

Bowers, Russell 697 

Boyd, Andrew 314 

Boyntou. E. G 145 

Bradfield, J. A. L 200 

Bradley, John 447 

Braitzraan, Ferd 508 

Branch, Hollo 371 

Brandt, Carl 358 

Brice, G. W 269 

Briggs, G. E 486 

Briggs, Suel 488 

Brown, David 319 

Bruwn, Frank 161 

Brown, George 688 

Brown, S. W 242 ir 

Bruha, A. J 590^ 

Bryant, B. F -'29 

Bucliholtz, A. G 695 

Buebler, Christian 78j , 

Bunn, Leroy 357 

Buol, Christian 494 

Burke, M T 464 

Burnett, J 328 

Burns, D. C 770 

Burn-, J C 2.53 

Burns, Timothy 489 

Butler, J. F 598 

Butman, S. and H 663 

Button, J. C 639 

Calahan, H. B 362 

Callihan, Michael 364 

Cameron, Angus 268 

Capper John 692 

Carharl, A. R. and N. II 730 

Carl, Giistav 136 

Curlyle, W. J 509 

Casberg, Carl C 471 

Case, Peter .. 727 

Cashfl, M.J (.00 

Caswell, A. B 785 

Chamberlain, E VV 578 

Chamberlain, M 693 

Childers, J. M 268 

Ciark, Albion 138 

Clark, A. 1' 291 

Clark, Isaac 629 

Clark, Nallian 5!»5 

Clark, P. L 460 

Clarke, Jolm 6o9 



Cleasby, Wm 619 

Cole, John J 274 

Coman, J. B 431 

Comstock, N. D 701 

Conant, M 273 

Coney, Robert 361 

Conrad, Jacob 687 

Cook, David 772 

Cook, Kelson 632 

Cooper, J. D 649 

Copeland, F. A 237 

Cordell, L 340 

Cowie, A.J 628 

Cowie, George 608 

Cox, William 644 

Crombie, H. M 662 

Cronk, Khoda A 526 

Cronk, W. H 408 

Crook, J. C 402 

Crook, John, Jr 421 

Cummings, T. W 219 

Cummings, Wm. L 767 

Cuthbert, Wm 521 

Cutter, C. H 706 

Dahl, J. H 378 

Darling, Chester 454 

Darms, Michael 435 

Davidson, W.J 4G8 

Davis, A. H 333 

Davis, Daniel 520 

Davis, Isaac D 463 

Davis, J. W 173 

Davis, R. T 281 

Davis, R. W 377 

Davis, Samuel 403 

Davis, W.E 240 

Davis, Wilson (89 

Dawson, John 483 

Dayl, Burt 400 

De Forcp, Bvron 313 

DeGroff, A"H 690 

DeGrotr, J. W 748 

I'eininger, J. V 377 

DeLorea, F. X 225 

Demnion, C. W 147 

Deugel, Peter 408 

Dengler, Johu 183 

Densmoie, Joseph 623 

Detlinger, John 620 

Dewey, J. I 673 

Dick, "William 788 

Dissmofp. George P 680 

Dudley, W. 1 183 

Dudley, W L 186 

Duessendorler, 1 783 

Easton. J. C 881 

Edwards, B. E 227 

Edwards, George 213 



CONTENTS. 



Egan, M.C 038 

Ekern, Andrew 782 

Ekern, Anton 739 

Ekern, Even 780 

Ekern, Peter 602 

Elkins, Edwin 704 

Elliott, J. A 364 

Elwell, C. U 254 

Emberson, 1 184 

Emerson, O. B 327 

Esch, J.J 3G0 

Esniiller, Henry 241 

Esperson, Henry 181 

Euler, George 257 

Evans, R. R 596 

Evensen, P. 157 

Everson, Chris 737 

Eveson, Ole 593 

Ewer, A. B 286 

Fahey, Richard 445 

Farber, Wm. J 715 

Farewell, M. M E34 

Farnam, E. J 514 

Fiirnam, George 507 

Farner, John 611 

Farrand, C. W 731 

Faulds & Cowie 638 

Fay, Joseph 493 

Fetter, A. V 218 

Fiers, Peter 399 

Filkins, A 367 

Finn, John M 207 

Flasch, K. C 325 

Flemington, A. B 760 

Fletcher, C. W 386 

Forrest, Alex 467 

Fox, John 168 

Fox, W. D 176 

Fray n, James 443 

Fredrickson, Ole 427 

Freeman, G. Y 770 

French, Charlotte 394 

Freng; A. N 784 

Frey, Nathaniel 246 

Fried, Ulrich 638 

Fruit, J. J 262 

Fugina Bros. Fertig Co 6C6 

Gale, George 739 

Galviu, Wm 299 

Ganz, E. F 762 

Gass, Anthony 303 

Gass, Matthias 600 

Gaveuey, J. C 685 

Gavin, Wm 592 

Gay, .lames 434 

Gear, T. P 479 

Gehrlich, Pidelis 687 

Getts, H. B 779 

Gibson, M. B. and D. P 647 

Gibson, Wm 625 

Gieliel, Edmund 759 

Gilljert, Henry 793 

Gile, Abner 169 

Giltillan, James, Sr 490 

Gillillan, J. M 439 

Gillespie, John 637 

Gillies John 609 

Gilman, Daniel 022 

Gipple, B. F 710 



Gladson, James 736 

Glover, C. A 527 

Goddard, Hiram 576 

Goddard, L. M 574 

Goddard, R. P 652 

Goodhue, E. N 663 

Goodland, J. A 344 

Goodrich, A. D 193 

Gordon, D. K 448 

Grams, Wenzel 193 

Grates, J. H 340 

Graves, W. H 596 

Green, I. E 459 

Grigg, J. B 373 

Grindl, L. L 774 

Gross, F. A 311 

Gudmundson, L 376 

Gullickson, Peter 455 

Gund, Henry 173 

Gund, John, Sr 173 

Gund, John, Jr 174 

Gunderson, H 432 

Hackner, Egid 307 

Hagestad, K. K 607 

Hahn Jacob 305 

Haldv rson, Knud 530 

Hall, Daniel 425 

Hallock, J. L 045 

Halverson, John 313 

Hansen, Thomas 320 

Hanson, A. C 4t)l 

Hankey, E. J 646 

Harbo, E. P 360 

Hare, Prank 635 

Hare, Lemuel -. 675 

Harden, Mary 440 

Hardie, James 617 

Harrison, D. B 282 

Harrison, H. H 500 

Hart, Seth 443 

Ha.lley, Mary 356 

Hass, John 508 

Halz, Christian 411 

Halz, Jacob 518 

Hawkins, C. H 473 

Heath, H. C 155 

Heg«, O. A 621 

Heilman, G 308 

Heinken, F. T 288 

Heiss, Michael 247 

Helgesou, T 627 

Helsem, J 097 

Hemker, Fred 187 

Herastock, David 388 

Henry, James, Jr 334 

Henry, Thomas 625 

Hensel, A. F 657 

Herringlon, F. C 18'5 

Hewilt, G. B 405 

Hewiil, J. C • 196 

Hevdon, E. W 300 

llider-hide, G. N 733 

Hill. A. J 130 

llilleslad, N. G 184 

Hinlgeu, N 413 

Hirsi hheimer, J. J 143 

llirschheimer, M 263 

Hitchcock, N. D 569 

Hobbs, John 395 



Hoffman, C. F 359 

Hogan, J. J 360 

Hohmann, Charles 793 

Holcomb, D. L 700 

Holmes, Lafayette 127 

Holmes, W. S 497 

Holway, N. B 253 

Home, H. E 154 

Horner, Ernest 441 

Hosmer, G. A 480 

Hossfeld, R 449 

Hotchkiss, E. S 750 

Houck, Oscar 338 

Hough, P. H 128 

Howard, George 597 

Huber, George 780 

Huber, Henry 646 

Huefner, Paul 668 

Hughes, Robert 510 

Hunt, A. 298 

Hunt, C. A 178 

Hunter, Thomas 670 

Huntley & Vanderwort 704 

Imhoir, Wm. A 216 

Imniell.E. L 657 

Imrie, James 612 

Irvine, John 794 

Irwin, Wilbert 575 

Jackson, Walter 752 

Jacobs, W. P 498 

Jarvis, Timothy 583 

Jenks, C. L 301 

Joerres, A. J 246 

Johnson, A. A 747 

Johnson, Alex 215 

Johnson, Eugene 413 

Johnson, J. A 404 

Johnson, J.J 406 

Johnson, J. K 195 

Johnson, John 537 

Johnson, J. W 473 

Johnson, Thomas 580 

Jones, E. G 584 

Jones, John 290 

Jones, John B 470 

Jones, John N 495 

Jones, J. S 511 

Jones, St. Clair 650 

Jones, W. E 208 

Jordson, Wm 533 

Kahler, John 304 

Kass Christian L 751 

Kavenaugh, J. J 149 

Kaylor, A. C 433 

Keaveny, Patrick 267 

Keaveny, Peter 415 

Keizer, J. E 414 

Kelly, E.J 305 

Kempter, R. R 616 

Kennedy, Daniel 667 

Kenrick, H. A 454 

Kenrick, John 330 

Keppel, J. G 512 

Kienahs, Theo 309 

Kienholz, Peter 190 

Kindschy, George 729 

Kiudschy, Jacob 728 



G0NTBNT8. 



Kinnear, R. M. 1 250 

Kircheis, J. E 252 

KircliDPr, Albert 741 

Kirchuer, C. A 772 

Klein, ('. F 577 

Klich, II. B 129 

Klick, J.W 503 

Kluver, L, «te Co 354 

Kniuison, Lewis 426 

Koenig, Cbristiau 346 

Koller, John 291 

Koller, Micbael 292 

Kowalke, E. E 280 

Kiitmer, August 523 

KiatcUivil, M 216 

Krebaum, C. A 279 

Krueger, Win 450 

Kuliliuan, vfc Gass 303 

Ku|)p, John 530 

La Fleur, Henry 444 

La Fleur. H. K 573 

Laflin, H. B 210 

Lamb, J ames I IGS 

Lambert, Stophen 539 

Langiion, John 342 

Lange, Diego 504 

Langstadt, G 338 

Lanpbere, H. P ;i32 

Larsen, Ole E 655 

Larsen, O. P 570 

Larson, Chiistian 438 

Larson, Edward 517 

Larson, L 396 

Law, David 155 

Lawler, Dennis 788 

Lebber, Henry 255 

Leete, Wm. W 256 

Lebrbach, N 765 

Lemon, T. J 208 

Lester, W. A 372 

Lewis, J. D 708 

Lewis, T. A 499 

Lewis, Wm. II 141 

Ligblbody, J. H 302 

Linse, Charles 236 

Lockerby, W. E 309 

Lohmiller, Wm 184 

Looney, M. M 148 

Loring, N. T 347 

Losey, J. W 125 

Lovejoy, Herbert 467 

Lovejuy, Hiram 516 

Lubs, Charles W 601 

Luce, Charles 514 

Luce, S. S 698 

Luce, W. S 504 

Luening, Wm 228 

Lueth, Henry 456 

MacLachlau, W. G 696 

Mader, D ]26 

Madson, O 4,55 

Magill, H. P 324 

Magill, H. T 323 

iMailery, J. P 043 

MBloncy, David 786 

MannsU'dt, 'riieii 140 

Mansergh. G. W 478 

Slarkham, G. H 717 



Markle, E 258 

Marquardt, C. H 178 

Martindale, S 175 

Martindale, S., Jr 263 

Malhesen, S 188 

Mathewson, W. T 594 

iMcArthur, D. S 323 

McArlhur, P. S 322 

McConnell, P 215 

McDermott, J. H 295 

McDonah, Wm 099 

McGilvray, Alex 710 

McHugh, Paul 476 

Mcintosh, D 480 

McKenzie, C. W 188 

JIcKenzie, D. J 814 

ftlcKeuzie, Margaret 453 

Mclvinley, James 251 

McKown, C. S 250 

McMillan, Alex 101 

McMillan, A. P 585 

McMillan, D. D 151 

McMillan, George 343 

Meason, L. E 260 

Medary, J. S 491 

Melby, J. 683 

Mercereau, B. B 383 

Meuli, Casper ... 774 

M eyer, Felix 583 

Mickschl, P 524 

Miller, C. U 458 

M iller, Conrad 519 

Miller, H. G 271 

Miller, John A 243 

Miner. K. G 249 

Moore, .lohn G hm 

Moran, Joseph 241 

Morton, W. P 387 

Mosher, J. A 417 

Mould, F. W 269 

Mueller, E. T 308 

Mueller, Paul F 706 

Murphy, Ambrose 126 

Murray, J. B 160 

Mybre, O. A 745 

Mybre, Ole L 503 

Myrick, N 541 

Neadfelt, Wm 177 

Needham, D 581 

Nelson, L. N 220 

Nelson, N. U 180 

Neumeisler, Wm 426 

Newman. A W C0.5 

Newton, A. B 531 

N icbols, C H 333 

Nichols, F. E 3i6 

Nichols, G. S 310 

Nissen, H. K. E 201 

North, W. N 530 

Nutting, C. W 410 

Nyhus, Ole 577 

Nyhus, Ole 430 

Ochsner, John 630 

Odell, D. J 651 

Odell, Levi L 020 

Odell, K A 094 

Oliver, H. S 055 

Olson, Gulleck 026 



Olson, Simon 018 

Osborne, U. E 244 

Ott, B 152 

Ott, John J 419 

Otten, Henry 570 

Oyen, O. J 311 

Palmer, J. A 725 

Pammel, G.J 278 

Parsons, L. D 690 

Patterson, S. B 288 

Payson.J.M 423 

Peck, H. J 265 

Pederson, C 367 

Pederson, Iver 669 

Penny, J. R 672 

Perkins, C. E 755 

Peterson, O. 661 

Pettibone, A. W 139 

Pettingill, Jay 573 

Pettingill, J. L 210 

Pl'aff, Jacob 481 

Plaff, Levetta 611 

Phelps, F. 1 348 

Phillips, S. E 348 

Pickering, Charles 603 

Pinkerton, John 506 

Pinkerton, Joseph 505 

Piske, Carl 388 

Pitkin, M. J 132 

Pittinger. N. 393 

Poehling, Joseph 239 

Polin, Martin 744 

Pollard, E. J 135 

Polleys, W. E 266 

Pooler, Frank 398 

Powell, D. F 587 

Prentiss, G. C 370 

Prestegaarden, J. A 782 

Prucha, J. E 202 

Pugh, H. M 584 

Putnam, A 430 

Putnam, C. H 281 

Quail, O. P 407 

Kadtke, Wm. J 495 

Kaelzmann, H. W 226 

Kaicble, John 729 

Hand, J. B 493 

Hiindall, Esther M 412 

Hanney, J. W 198 

Kapp,John M 491 

Hau, John 292 

Kawliugs'on, James, Sr 515 

Kawlingson, James, Jr 615 

Uebhahn, P. V 704 

Heed, C. L 423 

Heichert, M 466 

Keim, C. G ■ 422 

Hemick, F. A 429 

Uenggly, J. A 185 

Kenner, Jacob 524 

Henner, Mrs. L 314 

Renter, Frank 693 

Rhodes, Edson 763 

Kliodes, Joshua 689 

Rice, N S 177 

Richardson, J 474 

Richter, P 628 



CONTENTS. 



Richmond, Joseph 482 

Richmond, Stephen 713 

Rick, Wm. C 513 

Riese, Joseph 295 

Ring, Fred 571 

RiDglee, C. F 759 

Ritter, F. X 376 

Ritz, J. W 129 

Roberts, E. R 378 

Roberts, Ethan 486 

Roberts, F. P 583 

Roberts, H. S 589 

Robinson, O. D ... 435 

Roddle, J. C 451 

Roddle, W. C 410 

Roden, Thomas 526 

Rodolf, Theo ^96 

Roesch, Christ 735 

Roettiger, H 677 

Roosevelt, W. A 145 

Rosenow, John 725^ 

Roth, Joseph 171' 

Rowles, J. A 439 

Ruedv, John 470 

Runckel, Louis 293 

Ruth, Joseph 624 

Ry nning, E. B 400 

Sacia, Frank 572 

Sacia, Harmon 538 

Safford, H. M 341 

Sagen, A. K 329 

Salzer, J. A 158 

Samson, James 752 

Samuels, P. J 385 

Sandman, D 525 

Sawyer, A. E .884 

Sawyer, W. B 385 

Schaefer, C. M 320 

Schaettle, Charles 722 

Schaller, Charles 418 

Scharpf, C. F 289 

Scheitz, John (i93 

Scheufler, E 294 

Schick, Hugo... 179 

Schildmann, F 219 

Schintjen, Peter 139 

Schmitz, John 676 

Schnell, Bros 186 

^^^chwalbe, Joseph and Frank. . 224 

Schwartz, F 288 

Schwebach, James 245 

Scott, C. E 742 

Scott, G. W 473 

Scott, W. J 501 

Sendelbach, M 725 

/ Senn_JohnJ 684 

Shane, Daniel 331 

Shankland, John 387 

Shaw, F. D 506 

Shepard, D. R. A 538 

Shephard, H. C 818 

Short, AM 134 

Siebrecht, A 533 

Siegler, R 206 

Sill, W. R 150 

Simenson, Ole 446 

Simpson, T. A 613 

Sisson, F. M 363 

Skinner, J. W 285 

Sliger, George 463 



Sloane, E.A 226 

Slye, H. H 586 

Smith, D.P 484 

Smith, F. B 199 

Smith, H. B 167 

Smith, J. J ■••• 284 

Smith, O. L 174 

Smith, Sarah H 424 

Smith, Wm 531 

Smith, W.T 522 

Sobotka, A. F 309 

Solsrud, L 761 

Sorenson, Ori 383 

Sorerson, Peter 518 

Southworth, J. D 615 

Sparling, W. iR 202 

SpencQ, T. H 306 

Spenceley, J. H 534 

Spettel Bros 297 

Sprecher, John 653 

,Stanek, J. J 380 

Stangl, George 143 

Steensen, Stephen 442 

Steinlein, A 171 

Stellpflug, J. A 656 

Stephens, Elisha 769 

Stephens, James 520 

Stephenson, J 247 

Stevens, Ephraim 331 

Stogdill, Robert 313 

StoU, Jacob 634 

Stoltze, Gustav 179 

Storandt, F 355 

Storey, J. 368 

Strand, H. E 417 

Strom, O.P 391 

Sullivan, Paul 433 

Sy kes, James 317 

Techner, H. C 303 

Teckemburg, Henry 682 

Teeple, Henry 745 

Thomas, W. D 159 

Thomas, W. S 336 

Thompson, Peter S 477 

Thompson, W. B 673 

Thornbury, J. E 569 

Thorp, C. R 339 

Thorsgaard, H 664 

Tibbitts, A 778 

Tiedemann, E.J 180 

Tollefson, T. 193 

Torgerson, John 496 

Tourtellotte, Mills 465 

Towner, J. C 738 

Towson, Abram S79 

Trane, J. A 377 

Tritton,E 374 

Trowbridge, D 776 

Trumbower, J. A 458 

Turton, John 732 

Uhl, George 764 

Uhl, Peter 631 

Ulrich, "Wm 674 

Untraut, H. J 686 

Usher, E. B 411 

Utermoehl, J. L 604 

Van Loon, A 409 

Van Steenwyk, G 349 



Van Zandt, Wm 345 

Vaughan, J. J 396 

Vincent, James 197 

Voegeli, Tobias 702 

Wacker, John 203 

Wagner, August 703 

Wallace, J. L 591 

Wannebo, M 372 

Warner, M. G '. . . 760 

Warsaw, A. A 594 

Washburn, C. C '. . 3ii5 

Waterman, M. W 61)9 

Weinandy, N 043 

Weiugarten, C 209 

Weisenberger, P 610 

Weismclek, J 777 

Wensole, Louis 133 

VVenzel,G 580 

West, H. E 211 

Wheeler, J. E 191 

Wheldon, John 461 

White, Austin O 7l4 

White, William 3^0 

Whitney, L.H 705 

Widvey, T. T 54O 

Wiedmau, J. B 131 

Wiele, William 222 

Willey, G. L .■ .' 374 

Williams, J. B 285 

Williams, J. E 437 

Williams, P. A 707 

Wilson, James 401 

Wingad, David 721 

Wingad, Joim 730 

Withee, Levi ]89 

Wilhee, N. H 305 

Wohlgenant, C 634- 

Wolf, Florian 378 

Wood, David 743 

Wood, L. W ! 194 

Woodward, G. M 265 

Wright, G. D 339 

YarringtoB, G. H 343 

Yonker, D. H 335 

Youchem, John 781 

Young, Charles A 430 

Young, J. L 392 

Young, Samuel 3.i7 

Young, Wm. M 703 

PORTRAITS, 

Anderson, Mons 821 

Bechmann, C. R 717 

Bliss, H. I 397 

Bryant, B. F 229 

Carlyle, W. J 509 

Clark, Isaac 629 

Comstock, N. D 701 

Copeland, F. A 237 

Easton,J. C 381 

Fahey, Richard . 445 

Flasch, K. C 325 



CONTENTS. 



Gaveney, J, C 685 

Gile, Abner 169 

Gillespie, John 637 

Hanson, A. C 461 

Hegg, O. A 621 

Hintgen, N 413 

Holway, N. B 253 

Jenks, C. L 301 

La Fleur, R. R 573 

Losey, J. W 125 

McMillan, Alex 161 



Myrick, N 541 

Needham, D 581 

Newman, A. W 605 

Nichols, C. H 333 

Pederson, Iver 869 

Peterson, O. O 661 

Rand, .1. B 493 

Remick, F. A 429 

Roberts, H. S 589 

Sandman, D 525 



Sch webach, James, 245 

Skinner, J. W 285 

Sprecher, John 653 

Thompson, P. S 477 

Tourtellotte, Mills 465 

Van Steenwyk, G 349 

Vincent, James 197 

Washburn, C. C 365 

Wilhee, Levi 189 

Withee, N H 205 




,s«»^ 



:-^i 





GEORGE WASHINGTON. 








mm 



^^EORGE WASHING- 
^ TON, the "Father of 
his Country" and its 
first President, 1789- 
'97, was born Febru- 
ary 2-', 1732, in Wash- 
^ ington Parish, West- 
-o^^,«.,. moreland Cou nty, Virginia. 
3^*|ij^ His father, Augustine Wash- 
ington, first married Jane But- 
„,,„.,,j5j(i^ lei', who bore him four chil- 
"^'dWyT *^'''^"' ''^"^ March 6, 1730, he 
married Mary Ball. Of six 
children by his second mar- 
riage, George was the eldest, 
tiie others being Betty, Samuel, John, Au- 
gustine, Charles and Mildred, of whom the 
youngest died in infancy. Little is known 
of the earl}' 3'ears of Washington, beyond 
the fact that the house in which he was 
born was burned during his early child- 
hood, and that his father thereupon moved 
to another farm, inherited from his paternal 
ancestors, situated in Stafford County, on 
the north bank of the Rappahannock, where 
he acted as agent of the Principio Iron 
Works in the immediate yicinity, and died 
there in 1743. 

From earliest childhood George deycl- 
oped a noble character. He had a vigorous 
constitution, a fine form, and great bodil}- 
strength. His education was somewhat de- 



fective, beins: confined to the elementa.'v 
branches taught him by his mother and at 
a neighboring school. He developed, how- 
ever, a fondness for mathematics, and en- 
joyed in that branch tiie instructions of a 
private teacher. On leaving scItooI he re- 
sided for some time at Mount Vernon with 
his half brother, Lawrence, who acted as 
his guardian, and who had married a daugh- 
ter of his neighbor at Belvoir on the Poto- 
mac, the wealthy William Fairfa.x, for some 
time president of tiie executive council of 
the colony. Both Fairfax and his son-in-law, 
Lawrence Washington, had served with dis- 
tinction in 1740 as officers of an American 
battalion at tiic siege of Carlhagena, and 
were friends and correspondents of Admiral 
Vernon, for whom the latter's residence on 
the Potomac has been named. George's 
inclinations were for a similar career, and a 
midshipman's warrant was procured for 
him, probably through the influence of the 
Admiral ; but through the opposition of iiis 
mother the project was abandoned. The 
family connection with the Fairfaxes, how- 
ever, opened another career for the young 
man, who, at the age of sixteen, was ap- 
pointed surveyor to the immense estates of 
the eccentric Lord Fairfax, who was then 
on a visit at Belvoir, and who shortly after- 
ward established his baronial residence at 
Greenway Court, in the Shenandoah Valley. 



PffES/DCATS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



Tliree years were passed by young Wash- 
ington in a rough frontier life, gaining ex- 
perience which afterward proved very es- 
sential to him. 

In 175 1, when the Virginia militia were 
put under training wiih a view to active 
service against France, Washington, though 
onl)' nineteen years of age, was appointed 
Adjutant with the rank of Major. In Sep- 
tember of that year the failing health of 
Lawrence Washington rendered it neces- 
sary for him to seek a warmer climate, and 
Geirge accompanied him in a voyage to 
Bar :)adocs. They returned earl v in 1752, 
and Lawrence shortly afterward died, leav- 
ing h.s large property to an infant daughter. 
In iiis will George was named one of tiie 
executors and as eventual heir to Mount 
Vernon, and by the death of the infant niece 
soon succeeded to lliat estate. 

On tlie arrival of Robert Dinwiddie as 
Lieutenant-Governor of Virginia in 1752 
the militia was reorganized, and the prov- 
ince divided into four districts. Washing- 
ton was commissioned bv Dinwiddie Adju- 
tant-General of tlie Northern District in 
1753, and in November of that year a most 
important as well as hazardous mission was 
assigned him. Tliis was to proceed to the 
Canadian posts recently established on 
French Creek, near Lake Erie, to demand 
in the name of the King of England the 
witlidrawal of the French from a territory 
claimed by Virginia. This enterprise had 
been declined by more than one officer, 
since it involved a journey through an ex- 
tensive and almost unexplored wilderness 
in the occupanc)- of savage Indian tribes, 
either hostile to the English, or of doubtful 
attachment. Major Washington, however, 
accepted the commission witli alacrity ; and, 
accompanied by Captain Gist, he reached 
Fort Le Boeuf on French Creek, delivered 
his dispatches and received reply, which, of 
course, was a polite refusal to surrender the 
posts. This reply was of sucii a character 



as to induce tlie Assembly of Virginia to 
auth(irize the executive to raise a regiment 
of 300 men for the purpose of maintaining 
the asserted rights of the British crown 
over the territory claimed. As Washing- 
ton declined to be a candidate for that post, 
the command of this regiment was given to 
Colonel Joshua Fry, and Major Washing- 
ton, at his own request, was commissioned 
Lieutenant-Colonel. On the march to Ohio, 
news was received that a parly previ(^usly 
sent to build a fort at the confluence of the 
Monongahela with the Ohio had been 
driven back bv a considerable French force, 
which !iad completed the work there be- 
gun, and named it Fort Duquesnc, in honor 
of the Marquis Duijuesne, then Governor 
of Canada. This was the beginning of the 
great " French and Indian war,'' whicii con- 
tinued seven )-cars. On the death fif Colonel 
Frv, Washington succeeded to the com- 
mand of the regiment, and so well did he 
fulfill his trust that the Virginia Assembly 
commissioned him as Commander-in-Chief 
of all the forces raised in the colony. 

A cessation of all Indian hostility on the 
frontier having followed the expulsion of 
the French from the Ohio, the object of 
Washington was accomplished and he re- 
signed his commission as Commander-in- 
Chief of the Virginia forces. He then pro- 
ceeded to Williamsburg to take his seat in 
the General Assembly, of which he had 
been elected a member. 

January 17, 1759. Washington married 
Mrs. Martha (Dandridge) Custis, a young 
and beautiful widow of great wealth, and de- 
voted himself for the ensuing fifteen years 
to the quiet pursuits of agricultuie, inter- 
rupted only by his annual attendance in 
winter upon the Colonial Legislature at 
Williamsburg, until summoned by his 
country to enter upon that other arena in 
which his fame was to become world wide. 

It is unnecessary here to trace the details 
of the struggle upon the question of local 



GEoncE WASni\r,TON. 



self-government, which, after ten years, cul- 
minated by act of Parliament of the port of 
Boston. It was at the instance of Virginia 
that a congress of all the colonies was called 
to meet at Philadelphia September 5, 1774, 
to secure their common liberties — if possible 
b}' peaceful means. To this Congress 
Colonel Washington was sent as a dele- 
gate. On dissolving in October, it recom- 
mended the C(jlonies to send deputies to 
another Congress the following spring. In 
the meantime several of the colonics felt 
impelled to raise "local forces to repel in- 
sults and aggressions on the part of British 
troops, so that on the assembling of the ne.xt 
Congress, Mav 10, 1775, the war prepara- 
tions of the mother country were unmis- 
takable. The battles of Concord and Lex- 
ington had been fought. Among the earliest 
acts, therefore, of the Congress was the 
selection of a commander-in-chief of the 
colonial forces. This office was unani- 
mously conferred upon Washington, still a 
member of the Congress. He accepted it 
on June 19, but on tiie express condition he 
should receive no salary. 

He immediatel}' repaired to tiie vicinity 
of Boston, against wliich point the British j 
ministry had concentrated their forces. As 
early as April General Gage had 3,000 
troops in and around this proscribed city. 
During the fall and winter the British policy 
clearly indicated a purpose to divide pub- 
lic sentiment and to build up a British party 
in the colonies. Those who sided with the 
ministry were stigmatized by the patriots 
as " Tories," while the patriots took to them- 
selves the name of " Whigs." 

As early as 1776 the leading men had 
come to the conclusion that there was no 
hope except in separation and indepen- 
dence. In May of that year Washington 
wrote from the head of the army in New 
York : " A reconciliation with Great Brit- 
ain is impossible When I took 

command ot the army, 1 abhorred the idea 



of independence ; but I am now fully satis- 
fied that nothing else will save us." 

It is not the object of this sketch to trace 
the military acts of the patriot hero, to 
whose hands the fortunes and liberties of 
the United States were confided during the 
seven years' bloody struggle that ensued 
until the treaty of 1783, in which England 
' acknowledged the independence of each of 
the thirteen States, and negotiated with 
them, jointly, as separate sovereignties. The 
merits of Washington as a military chief- 
tain have been considerably discussed, espe- 
cially b}' writers in his own countr}'. Dur- 
ing the war he was most bitterly assailed 
for incompetency, and great efforts were 
made to displace him ; but he never for a 
moment lost the confidence of either the 
Congress or the people. December 4, 1783, 
the great commander took leave of his offi- 
cers in most affectionate and patriotic terms, 
and went to Annapolis, Maryland, where 
the Congress of the States was in session, 
and to that bodv, when peace and order 
prevailed ever3'where, resigned his com- 
mission and retired to Mount Vernon. 

It was in 1788 that Washington was called 
to the chief magistracy of the nation. He 
received every electoral vote cast in all the 
colleges of the States voting for the office 
of President. The 4th of March, 1789, was 
tiie time appointed for the Government ot 
the United States to begin its operations, 
but several weeks elapsed before quorums 
of both the newly constituted houses of the 
Congress were assembled. The cit}- of New 
York was the place where the Congrees 
then met. April 16 Washington left his 
home to enter upon the discharge of his 
new duties. He set out with a purpose ot 
traveling privately, and without attracting 
any public attention ; but this was impossi- 
ble. Everywhere on his way he was met 
with thronging crowds, eager to see the 
man whom the}' regarded as the chief de- 
fender of their liberties, and everywhere 



PRRSfDEXTS OF THE UX/TED STATES. 



he was hailed with those public manifesta- 
tions of joy, regard and love which spring 
spontaneously from the hearts of an affec- 
tionate and grateful people. His reception 
in New York was marked by a grandeur 
and an enthusiasm never before witnessed 
in that metropolis. The inauguration took 
place April 30, in the presence of an immense 
multitude which had assembled to witness 
the new and imposing ceremony. The oath 
of office was administered by Robert R. 
Livingston, Chancellor of the State. When 
this sacred pledge was given, he retired 
^vith the other officials into the Senate 
chamber, where he delivered his inaugural 
address to both houses of the newly con- 
stituted Congress in joint assembly. 

In the manifold details of his civil ad- 
ministration, Washington proved himself 
equal to the requirements oi his position. 
The greater portion of the first session of 
the first Congress was occupied in passing 
the necessary statutes for putting the new 
organization into complete operation. In 
the discussions brought up in the course of 
this legislation the nature and character of 
the new system came under general review. 
On no one of them did any decided antago- 
nism of opinion arise. All held it to be a 
limited government, clothed only with spe- 
cific powers conferred by delegation from 
the States. There was no change in the 
name of the legislative department ; it still 
remained " tiie Congress of the United 
States of America." There was no chanee 
in the original flag of the country, and none 
in the seal, which still remains with the 
Grecian escutcheon borne by the eagle, 
with other eml)lcms, imder the great and 
expressive motto, "i; Pliirtbus Unnui." 

The first division of parties arose upon 
the manner of construing the powers dele- 
gated, and they were first styled "strict 
constructionists" and " latitudinarian con- 
structionists." The former were for con- 
fining the action of the Government strictly 



within its specific and limited sphere, while 
the others were for enlarging its powers by 
inference and implication. Hamilton and 
Jefferson, both members of the first cabinef 
were regarded as the chief leaders, respect 
ivel}', of these rising antagonistic parties, 
which have existed, under different names 
from that day to this. Washington 'vas rC' 
garded as holding a neutral position between 
them, though, by mature deliberation, he 
vetoed the first apportionment bill, in 1790, 
passed by the party headed by Hamilton, 
which was based upon a principle construct- 
ively leading to centralization or consoli- 
dation. This was the first exercise of the 
veto power under the present Constitution. 
It created considerable excitcinent at the 
time. Another bill was soon passed in pur- 
suance of Mr. Jefferson's views, which has 
been adhered to in principle in every ap 
portionment act passed since. 

At the second session of the new Con. 
gress, Washington announced the gratify- 
ing fact of " the accession of North Caro- 
lina" to the Constitution of 1787, and June 
I of the same year he announced by special 
message the like " accession of the State of 
Rhode Island," with his congratulations on 
the happy event which " united under the 
general Government" all the States which 
were originally confederated. 

In 1792, at the second Presidential elec- 
tion, Washington was desirous to retire; 
but he yielded to the general wish of the 
countr)', and was again chosen President 
by the unanimous vote of every electoral 
college. At tiie third election, 1796, he was 
again most urgently entreated to consent to 
remain in the executive chair. This he 
positively refused. In September, before 
the election, he gave to his countr3'men his 
memorable Farewell Address, which in lan- 
guage, sentiment and patriotism was a fit 
and crowning glory of his illustrious life. 
After March 4, 1797, he again retired to 
Mount Vernon for peace, quiet and repose. 



GEORGE WASHIXGTnN. 



n 



His administration for the two terms had 
been successful beyond the expectation and 
hopes of even the most sanguine of his 
friends. The finances of the country were 
no longer in an embarrassed condition, the 
public credit was fully restored, life was 
giv'en to every department of industry, the 
workings of the new s^'stem in allowing 
Congress to raise revenue from duties on 
imports proved to be not onlv harmonious 
in its federal action, but astonishing in its 
results upon the commerce and trade of all 
the States. The exports from the Union 
increased from $19,000,000 to over $5 6,000,- 
000 per annum, while tlie imports increased 
in about the same proportion. Three new 



chief to quit his repose at Mount Vernon 
and take command of all the United States 
forces, with the rank of Lieutenant-General, 
when war was threatened with France in 
1798, nothing need here be stated, except to 
note the fact as an unmistakable testimo- 
nial of the high regard in which he was still 
held b)' his countrymen, of all shades of po- 
litical opinion. He patriotically accepted 
this trust, but a treaty of peace put a stop 
to all action under it. He again retired to 
Mount Vernon, where, after a short and 
severe illness, he died December 14, 1799, 
in the sixty-eighth year of his age. The 
whole country was filled with gloom b)^ this 
sad intelligence. Men of all parties in poli- 



members had been added to the Union. The tics and creeds in religion, in every State 



progress of the States in their new career 
under their new organization thus far was 
exceedingly encouraging, not only to the 
friends of libertv within their own limits, 
but to their sympathizing allies in all climes 
iuid countries. 



in the Union, united with Congress in " pay- 
ing honor to the man, first in war, first in 
peace, and first in the hearts of his country- 
men." 

His remains were deposited in a fami-.;^ 
vault on the banks of the Potomac at Mount 



Ot the call again made on this illustrious Vernon, where they still lie entombed. 




^,tS^£P^' 



14 



PRhSIDhXTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 

















;^oOr\.', i -b 













'4W 




-"'OHN ADAMS, the second 
President of the United 
States, 1797 to 1801, was 
born in the present town 
iSjy_ of Qiiincy, then a portion 
^J" of Braintrce, Massachu- 
setts, October 30, 1735. His 
father was a farmer of mod- 
erate means, a worthy and 
industrious man. He was 
a deacon in the ciuirch, and 
was ver}- desirous of giving 
his son a collegiate educa- 
tion, hoping that he would 
become a minister of the 
gospel. But, as up to this 
time, the age of fourteen, he had been only 
a play-boy in the fields and forests, he had 
no taste for books, he chose farming. On 
being set to work, however, by his father 
out in the field, the very first day con- 
verted the bo}' into a lover of books. 

Accordingly, at the age of sixteen he 
entered Harvard College, and graduated in 
1755, at the age of twenty, highly esteemed 
for integrity, energy and ability. Thus, ' 
having no capital but his education, he 
started out into the stormy world at a time 
of great political excitement, as France and I 
England were then engaged in their great ' 
seven-j'ears struggle for the mastery over 
the New World. The tire of patriotism 



seized young Adams, and for a time he 
studied over the question whether he 
should take to the law, to politics or ihe 
army. He wrote a remarkable letter to a 
friend, making prophecies concerning the 
future greatness of this country which have 
since been more than fulfilled. For two 
years he taught school and studied law, 
wasting no odd moments, and at the ear'v 
age of twenty-two years he opened a law 
office in his native town. His inherited 
powers of mind and untiring devotion to 
his profession caused him to rise rapidly 
in public esteem. 

In October, 1764, Mr. Adams married 
Miss Abigail Smith, daughter of a clerg}-- 
man at Weymouth and a lady of rare per- 
sonal and intellectual endowments, who 
afterward contributed much to her hus- 
band's celebrity. 

Soon the oppression of the British in 
America reached its climax. The Boston 
merchants employed an attorney by the 
name of James Otis to aigue the legality of 
oppressive tax law betore the Superior 
Court. Adams heard the arginnent, and 
afterward wrote to a friend concerning the 
ability displayed, as follows: "Otis was a 
flame of fire. With a promptitude of 
classical allusion, a depth of research, a 
rapid summary of historical events and 
dates, a profusion of legal authorities and a 




/ - s" 




I 




yoH.v A/OAJis. 



'? 



prophetic glance into futurity, he hurried 
away all before him. American independence 
was then and there born. Every man of an 
immensely crowded audience appeared to 
me to go away, as I did, ready to take up 
arms." 

Soon Mr. Adams wrote an essay to be 
read before the literary club of his town, 
upon the state of affairs, which was so alile 
as to attract public attention. It was pub- 
lished in American journals, republished 
in England, and was pronounced by the 
friends of the colonists there as " one of the 
very best productions ever seen from North 
America." 

Tiie memorable Stamp Act was now 
issued, and Adams entered with all the 
ardor of his soul into political life in order 
to resist it. He drew up a series of reso- 
lutions remonstrating against the act, which 
were adopted at a public meeting of the 
citizens of Braintree, and which were sub- 
sequently adopted, word for word, by more 
than forty towns in the State. Popular 
commotion prevented the landing of the 
Stamp Act papers, and the English author- 
ities then closed the courts. The town of 
Boston therefore appointed Jeremv Grid- 
ley, James Otis and John Adams to argue a 
petition before the Governor and council 
for the re-opening of the courts; and while 
the two first mentioned attorne3's based 
their argument upon the distress caused to 
the people by the measure, Adams boldly 
claimed that the Stamp Act was a violation 
both of the English Constitution and the 
charter of the Provinces. It is said that 
this was the first direct denial of the un- 
limited right of Parliament over the colo- 
nies. Soon after this the Stamp Act was 
repealed. 

Directly Mr. .''.dams was emphjyed to 
defend Ansel 1 Nickerson, who had killed an 
Englishman in the act of impressing him 
(Nickerson) into the King's service, and his 
client was acquitted, the court thus estab- 



lishing the principle that the infamous 
royal prerogative of impressment could 
have no existence in the colonial code. 
But in 1770 Messrs. Adams and Josiah 
Quincy defended a party of British soldiers 
who had been arrested for murder when 
they had been onl}' obeying Governmental 
orders ; and when reproached for thus ap- 
parently deserting the cause of popular 
liberty, Mr. Adams replied that he would a 
thousandfold rather live under the domina- 
tion of the worst of England's kings than 
under that of a lawless mob. Next, after 
sjrving a term as a member of the Colonial 
Legislature from Boston, Mr. Adams, find- 
ing his health affected by too great labor, 
retired to his native home at Braintree. 
I The year 1774 soon arrived, with its fa- 
mous Boston '• Tea Party," the first open 
act of rebellion. Adams was sent to the 
Congress at Philadelphia; and when the 
Attorney-General announced tha*^^ Great 
Britain had " determined on her system, 
and that her power to execute it was irre- 
sistible," Adams replied : " I know that 
Great Britain has determined on her sj'S- 
tem, and that very determination deter- 
mines me on mine. You know that I have 
been constant in my opposition to her 
measures. The die is now cast. I have 
passed the Rubicon. Sink or swim, live or 
die, with my country, is my unalterable 
determination." The rmnor beginning to 
prevail at Philadelphia that the Congress 
had independence in view, Adams foresaw 
that it was too soon to declare it openly. 
He advised every one to retnain quiet in 
that respect; and as soon as it became ap- 
parent that he himself was for independ- 
ence, he was advised to hide himself, which 
he did. 

The next year the great Revolutionary 
war opened in earnest, and Mrs. Adams, 
residing near Boston, kept her husband ad- 
vised by letter of all the events transpiring 
in her vicinity. The battle of Bunker Hil! 



T-RESIDENTS OF THE U SITED STATES. 



came on. Congress had to do something 
immediately. The first thing was to 
choose a commander-in-chief for the — we 
can't say " army " — the fighting men of the 
colonies. The New England delegation 
was almost imanimous in favor of appoint- 
mg General Ward, then at the head of the 
Massachusetts forces, but Mr. Adams urged 
the appointment of George Washington, 
then almost unknown outside of his own 
State. He was appointed without oppo- 
sition. Mr. Adams offered the resolution, 
which was adopted, annulling all the royai 
autlKjrity in the colonics. Having tiuis 
prepared the way, a fc \v weeks later, viz., 
June 7, 1776, Richard Henrv Lee, of Vir- 
ginia, who a few months before liad declared 
that the British Government would aban- 
don its oi)pressive measures, now offered 
the memorable resolution, seconded by 
Adams, " that these United States are, and 
of right ouglit to be, free and independent." 
Jefferson, Adams, Franklin, Sherman and 
Livingston were then appointed a commit- 
tee to draught a declaration of independ- 
ence. Mr. Jefferson desired Mr. Adams 
to draw up ihe bold document, but the 
latter persuaded Mr. Jefferson to perform 
that responsible task. The Declaration 
drawn up, Mr. Adams became its foremost 
defender on the floor of Congress. It was 
signed b\- all the fifty-five members present, 
and the ne.xt day Mr. Adams wrote to his 
wife how great a deed was done, and how 
proud he was of it. Mi. Adams continued 
to be the leading man of Congress, and 
the leading advocate of American inde- 
pendence. Above all other Americans, 
he was considered by every one the prin- 
cipal shining mark (or British vengeance. 
Thus circumstiuiced, he was appointed to 
the most dangerous task of crossing the 
ocean in winter, exposed to capture by the 
British, who knew of his mission, which 
was to visit Paris and solicit the co-opera- 
tion of the French. Besides, to take him- 



self away from tlie country of which he 
was the most prominent defender, at that 
critical time, was an act of the greatest self- 
sacrifice. Sure enough, while crossing the 
sea, he had two very narrow escapes from 
capture; and the transit was otherwise 2 
stormy and eventful one. During thr 
summer of 1779 he returned home, but was 
immediately dispatched back to France, to 
be in readiness there to negotiate terms of 
peace and commerce with Great Britain as 
soon as the latter power was ready for such 
business. But as Dr. Franklin was more 
|)()pular than heat the court of France, Mr. 
Adams repaired to Holland, where he was 
far more successful as a diplomatist. 

The treaty of peace between the United 
States and England was finally signed at 
Paris, Januarv 21, 1783; and the re-action 
from so great excitement as Mr. Adams had 
so long been experiencing threw him into 
a dangerous fever. ' Before he fully re- 
covered he was in London, whence he was 
dispatched again to Amsterdam to negoti- 
ate another loan. Compliance with this 
order undermined his physical constitution 
for life. 

In 1785 Mr. Adams was appointed envoy 
to the court of St. James, to meet face to 
face the very king who had regarded him 
as an arch traitor ! Accordingly he re- 
paired thither, where he did actually meet 
and converse with George III.! After a 
residence there for about three years, he 
obtained permission to return to America. 
While in London he wrote and published 
an able work, in three volumes, entitled: 
" A Defense of the American Constitution." 

The Articles of Confederation proving 
inefficient, as Adams had prophesied, a 
carefully draughted Constitution was 
adopted in 1789, when George Washington 
was elected President of the new nation, 
and Adams Vice-President. Congress met 
for a time in New York, but was removed 
to Philadelphia for ten years, until suitable 



JOHN ADAMS. 



•S 



buildings should be erected at the new 
capital in the District of Columbia. Mr. 
Adams then moved his family to Phila- 
delphia. Toward the close of his term of 
office the French Revolution culminated, 
when Adams and Washington rather 
sympathized with England, and Jefferson 
with France. The Presidential election of 
1796 resulted in giving Mr. Adams the first 
place by a small majority, and Mr. Jeffer- 
son the second place. 

Mr. Adams's administration was consci- 
entious, patriotic and able. The period 
was a turbulent one, and even an archangel 
■ could not have reconciled the hostile par- 
ties. Partisanism with reference to Eng- 
land and France was bitter, and for four 
years ^f r. Adams struggled through almost 
a constant tempest of assaults. In fact, he 
was not truly a popular man, and his cha- 
grin at not receiving a re-election was so 
great that he did not even remain at Phila- 
delphia to witness the inauguration of Mr. 
Jefferson, his successor. The friendly 
intimacy between these two men was 
interrupted for about thirteen years of their 
life. Adams finally made the first advances 
toward a restoration of their mutual friend- 
ship, which were gratefully accepted by 
Jefferson. 

Mr. Adams was glad of his opportunity 
to retire to private lite, where he could rest 
his mind and enjoy the comforts of home. 
By a thousand bitter experiences he found 
the path of public duty a thorny one. For 
twenty-six years his service of the public 
was as arduous, self-sacrificing and devoted 
as ever fell to the lot of man. In one im- 
portant sense he was as much the " Father 
o( his Country " as was Washington in 
another sense. During these long years of 
anxiety and toil, in which he was laying, 
broad and deep, the foundations of the 



greatest nation the sun ever shone upon, he 
received from his impoverished country a 
meager support. The only privilege he 
carried with him into his retirement was 
that of franking his letters. 

Although taking no active part in public 
affairs, both himself and his son, John 
Quincy, nobly supported the policy of Mr. 
Jefferson in resisting the encroachm.ents of 
England, who persisted in searching 
American ships on the high seas and 
dragging from them any sailors that might 
be designated by any pert lieutenant as 
British subjects. Even for this noble sup- 
port Mr. Adams was maligned by thou- 
sands of bitter enemies ! On this occasion, 
for the first time since his retirement, he 
broke silence and drew up a very able 
paper, exposing the atrocity of the British 
pretensions. 

Mr. Adams outlived nearly all his family. 
Though his physical frame began to give 
way many years before his death, his mental 
powers retained their strength and vigor to 
the last. In his ninetieth year he was 
gladdened by the popular elevation of his 
son to the Presidential office, the highest in 
the gift of the people. A few months more 
passed away and the 4th of July, 1826, 
arrived. The people, unaware of the near 
approach of the end of two great lives — 
that of Adams and Jefferson — were making 
unusual preparations for a national holiday. 
Mr. Adams fay upon his couch, listening to 
the ringing of bells, the waftures of martial 
music and the roar of cannon, with silent 
emotion. Only four days before, he had 
given for a public toast, " Independence 
forever." About two o'clock in the after- 
noon he said, "And Jefferson still survives." 
But he was mistaken by an hour or so; 
and in a few minutes he had breathed his 
last. 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 




JHHHS 






K^^^^^^^Wr^r^'frrJr^rJ-^r^r'rJr^r^rJT^.^rJr-r^^^.Jj^r^r'JrJrJ 




H O M A S J E F F E R- 
son, the third Presi- 
dent of the United 
States, 1 801-9, ^^38 
born April 2, 1743, 
the eldest child of 
iiis parents, Peter 
and Jane (Randolph) Jef- 
ferson, near Charlottes- 
ville, Albemarle County, 
Virginia, upon the slopes 
of the Blue Ridge. When 
he -was fourteen years of 
age, his fatlier died, Icav- 
_ I widow and eight 
children. She was a beau- 
tiful and accomplished 
lady, a good letter-writer, with a fund of 
humor, and an admirable housekeeper. His 
parents belonged totlic Church of England, 
and are said to be of Welch origin. But 
little is known of them, however. 

Thomas was naturally of a serious turn 
of mind, apt to learn, and a favorite at 
school, his choice studies being mathemat- 
ics and the classics. At the age of seven- 
teen he entered William and Mary College, 
in an advanced class, and lived in rather an 
expensive style, consequently being much 
caressed by gay society. That he was not 
ruined, is proof of his stamina of character. 
But during his second year he discarded 



society, his horses and even his favorite 
violin, and devoted thenceforward fifteen 
hours a day to hard study, becoming ex- 
traordinaril}^ proficient in Latin and Greek 
authors. 

On leaving college, before he was twenty- 
one, he commenced the study of law, and 
pursued it diligently until he was well 
qualified for practice, upon which he 
entered in 1767. By this time he was also 
versed in French, Spanish, Italian and An- 
glo-Saxon, and in the criticism of the fine 
arts. Being very polite and polished in his 
manners, he won the friendship of all whom 
he met. Though able with his pen, he was 
not fluent in public speech. 

In 1769 he was chosen a member of the 
Virginia Legislature, and was the largest 
slave-holding member of that body. He 
introduced a bill empowering slave-holders 
to manumit their slaves, but it was rejected 
by an overwhelming vote. 

In 1770 Mr. Jeflerson met with a great 
loss ; his house at Shadwell was burned, 
and his valuable library of 2,000 volumes 
was consumed. But he was wealthy 
enough to replace the most of it, as from 
his 5,000 acres tilled by slaves and his 
practice at the bar his income amounted to 
about $5,000 a year. 

In 1772 he married Mrs. Martha Skelton, 
a beautiful, wealthy and accomplished 





'/^rrr^ 



THOMAS JEFFERSON. 



23 



young widow, who owned 40,000 acres of 
land and 130 slaves; yet he labored assidu- 
ously for the abolition of slavery. For his 
new home he selected a majestic rise of 
land upon his large estate at Shad well, 
called Monticello, whereon he erected a 
mansion of modest yet elegant architecture. 
Here he lived in luxury, indulging his taste 
in magnificent, high-blooded horses. 

At this period the British Government 
gradually became more insolent and op- 
pressive toward the American colonies, 
and Mr. Jefferson was ever one of the most 
foremost to resist its encroachments. From 
time to time he drew up resolutions of re- 
monstrance, which were finally adopted, 
thus proving his ability as a statesman and 
as a leader. By the year 1774 he became 
quite busy, both with voice and pen, in de- 
fending the right of the colonies to defend 
themselves. His pamphlet entitled : " A 
Summary View of the Rights of British 
America," attracted much attention in Eng- 
land. The following year he, in company 
with George Washington, served as an ex- 
ecutive committee in measures to defend 
by arms the State of Virginia. As a Mem- 
ber of the Congress, he was not a speech- 
maker, yet in conversation and upon 
committees he was so frank and decisive 
that he always m>ade a favorable impression. 
But as late as the autumn of 1775 he re- 
mained in hopes of reconciliation with the 
parent country. 

At length, however, the hour arrived for 
draughting the " Declaration of Indepen- 
dence," and this responsible task was de- 
volved upon Jefferson. Franklin, and 
Adams suggested a few verbal corrections 
before it was submitted to Congress, which 
was June 28, 1776, only six days before it 
was adopted. During the three days of 
the fiery ordeal of criticism through which 
it passed in Congress, Mr. Jefferson opened 
not his lips. John Adams was the main 
champion of the Declaration on the floor 



of Congress. The signing of this document 
was one of the most solemn and momentous 
occasions ever attended to by man. Prayer 
and silence reigned throughout the hall, 
and each signer realized that if American 
independence was not finally sustained by 
arms he was doomed to the scaffold. 

After the colonies became independent 
States, Jefferson resigned for a time his seat 
in Congress in order to aid in organizing 
the government of Virginia, of which State 
he was chosen Governor in 1779, when he 
was thirty-six years of age. At this time 
the British had possession of Georgia and 
were invading South Carolina, and at one 
time a British officer, Farleton, sent a 
secret expedition to Monticello to capture 
the Governor. Five minutes after Mr. 
Jefferson escaped with his family, his man- 
sion was in possession of the enemy ! The 
British troops also destroyed his valuable 
plantation on the James River. " Had they 
carried off the slaves," said Jefferson, with 
characteristic magnanimity, " to give them 
freedom, they would have done right." 

The year 1781 was a gloomy one for the 
Virginia Governor. While confined to his 
secluded home in the forest by a sick and 
dying wife, a party arose against him 
throughout the State, severely criticising 
his course as Governor. Being very sensi- 
tive to reproach, this touched him to the 
quick, and the heap of troubles then sur- 
rounding him nearly crushed him. He re- 
solved, in despair, to retire from public life 
for the rest of his days. For weeks Mr. 
Jefferson sat lovingly, but with a crushed 
heart, at the bedside of his sick wife, during 
which time unfeeling letters were sent to 
him, accusing him of weakness and unfaith- 
fulness to duty. All this, after he had lost 
so much property and at the same time 
done so much for his country ! After her 
death he actually fainted away, and re- 
mained so long insensible that it was feared 
he never would recover! Several weeks 



24 



P/l£S/DE.VrS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



passed before he could fully recover his 
equilibrium. He was never married a 
second time. 

In the spring of 1782 the people of Eng- 
land compelled their king to make to the 
Americans overtures of peace, and in No- 
vember following, Mr. Jefferson was reap- 
pointed by Congress, unanimously and 
without a single adverse remark, minister 
plenipotentiary to negotiate a treaty. 

In JNIarch, 1784, Mr. Jefferson was ap- 
pointed on a committee to draught a plan 
for the government of the Northwestern 
Territory. His slavery-prohibition clause 
in that plan was stricken out by the pro- 
slavery majorit) of the committee; but amid 
all the controversies and wrangles of poli- 
ticians, he made it a rule never to contra- 
dict anybody or engage in any discussion 
as a debater. 

In company with Mr. Adams and Dr. 
Franklin, Mr. Jefferson was appointed in 
May, 1784, to act as minister plenipotentiary 
in the negotiation of treaties of commerce 
with foreign nations. Accordingly, he went 
to Paris and satisfactorily accomplished his 
mission. The suavity and high bearing of 
his manner made all the French his friends; 
and even Mrs. Adams at one time wrote 
to her sister that he was " the chosen 
of the earth." But all the honors that 
he received, both at home and abroad, 
seemed to make no change in the simplicity 
of his republican tastes. On his return to 
America, he found two parties respecting 
the foreign commercial policy, Mr. Adams 
sympathizing with that in favor of England 
and himself favoring France. 

On the inauguration of General Wash- 
ington as President, Mr. Jefferson was 
chosen by him for the office of Secretary of 
State. At this time the rising storm of the 
French Revolution became visible, and 
Washington watched it with great anxiety. 
His cabinet was divided in their views of 
constitutional government as well as re- 



garding the issues in France. General 
Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury, was 
the leader of the so-called Federal party, 
while Mr. Jefferson was the leader of the 
Republican party. At the same time there 
was a strong monarchical party in this 
country, with which Mr. Adams sympa- 
thized. Some important financial measures, 
which were proposed by Hamilton and 
finally adopted by the cabinet and approved 
by Washington, were opposed by Mr. 
Jefferson ; and his enemies then began to 
reproach him with holding office under an 
administration whose views he opposed. 
The President poured oil on the troubled 
waters. On his re-election to the Presi- 
dency he desired Mr. Jefferson to remain 
in the cabinet, but the latter sent in his 
resignation at two different times, probably 
because he was dissatisfied with some of 
the measures of the Government. His 
final one was not received until January i, 
1794, when General Washington parted 
from him with great regret. 

Jefferson then retired to his quiet home 
at Monticello, to enjoy a good rest, not even 
reading the newspapers lest the political 
gossip should disquiet him. On the Presi- 
dent's again calling him back to the office 
of Secretarj' of State, he replied that no 
circumstances would ever again tempt him 
to engage in anything public! But, while 
all Europe was ablaze with war, and France 
in the throes of a bloody revolution and the 
principal theater of the conflict, a new 
Presidential election in this country came 
on. John Adams was the Federal candi- 
date and Mr. Jefferson became the Republi- 
can candidate. The result of the election 
was the promotion of the latter to the Vice- 
Presidency, whilp the former was chosen 
President. In this contest Mr. Jefferson 
really did not desire to have either office, 
he was " so weary " of party strife. He 
loved the retirement of home more than 
any other place on the earth. 



THOMAS yEFPEHSON. 



25 



But for four long years his Vice-Presi- 
dency passed joylessly awaj', while the 
partisan strife between Federalist and Re- 
publican was ever growing hotter. The 
former party split and the result of the 
fourth general election was the elevation of 
Mr. Jefferson to the Presidency ! with 
Aaron Burr as Vice-President. These men 
being at the head of a growing party, their 
election was hailed everywhere with joy. 
On the other hand, many of the Federalists 
turned pale, as they believed what a portion 
of the pulpit and the press had been preach- 
ing — that Jefferson was a " scoffing atheist," 
a "Jacobin," the "incarnation of all evil," 
" breathing threatening and slaughter ! " 

Mr. Jefferson's inaugural address con- 
tained nothing but the noblest sentiments, 
e.xpressed in fine language, and his personal 
behavior afterward exhibited the extreme 
of American, democratic simplicity. His 
disgust of European court etiquette grew 
upon him with age. He believed that 
General Washington was somewhat dis- 
trustful of the ultimate success of a popular 
Government, and that, imbued with a little 
admiration of the forms of a monarchical 
Government, he had instituted levees, birth- 
day's, pompous meetings with Congress, 
etc. Jefferson was always polite, even to 
slaves everywhere he met them, and carried 
in his countenance the indications of an ac- 
commodating disposition. 

The political principles of the Jeffersoni- 
an party now swept the country, and Mr. 
Jefferson himself swayed an influence which 
was never exceeded even by Washington. 
Under his administration, in 1803, the Lou- 
isiana purchase was made, for $15,000,000, 
the " Louisiana Territory " purchased com- 
prising all the land west of the Mississippi 
to the Pacific Ocean. 

The year 1804 witnessed another severe 
loss in his famil}'. His highl}' accomplished 
and most beloved daughter Maria sickened 
and died, causing as great grief in the 



stricken parent as it was possible for him to 
survive with any degree of sanity. 

The same year he was re-elected to the 
Presidency, with George Clinton as Vice- 
President. During his second term our 
relations with England became more com- 
plicated, and on June 22, 1807, near Hamp- 
ton Roads, the United States frigate 
Chesapeake was fired upon by the Brit- 
ish man-of-war Leopard, and was made 
to surrender. Three men were killed and 
ten wounded. Jefferson demanded repara- 
tion. England grew insolent, ft became 
evident that war was determined upon by 
the latter power. More than 1,200 Ameri- 
cans were forced into the British service 
upon the high seas. Before any satisfactory 
solution was reached, Mr. Jefferson's 
Presidential term closed. Amid all these 
public excitements he thought constantly 
of the welfare of his family, and longed 
for the time when he could return home 
to remain. There, at Monticello, his sub- 
sequent life was ver}' similar to that of 
Washington .at Mt. Vernon. His hospi- 
tality toward his numerous friends, indul- 
gence of his slaves, and misfortunes to his 
property, etc., finally involved him in debt. 
For years his home resembled a fashion- 
able watering-place. During the summer, 
thirty-seven house servants were required ! 
It was presided over by his daughter, Mrs. 
Randolph. 

Mr. Jefferson did much for the establish- 
ment of the University at Charlottesville, 
making it unsectarian, in keeping with the 
spirit of American institutions, but poverty 
and the feebleness of old age prevented 
liim from doing what he would. He even 
went so far as to petition the Legislature 
for permission to dispose of some of his 
possessions by lottery, in order to raise the 
necessary funds for home expenses. It was 
granted ; but before the plan was carried 
out, Mr. Jefferson died, July 4, 1826, at 

12:50 P. M. 



26 



PRES/DENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 








AMES MADISON, the 
fourth President of the 
United States, iSocj-'ij, 
was born at Port Con- 
waj', Prince George 
County, \'irgini:i, March 
i6, 1 75 1. His father, 
Colonel James Madison, was 
a weahhv planter, residing 
upon a very fine estate 
called " Montpelier," onl}' 
t\vent3-five miles from the 
home of Thomas Jefferson 
at Monticello. The closest 
personal and jiolitical at- 
tachment existed between 
these illustrious men from their early 3'outh 
until death. 

James was the eldest of a family of seven 
children, four sons and three daughters, all 
of whom attained maturity. His early edu- 
cation was conducted mostly at home, 
under a private tutor. Being naturally in- 
tellectual in his tastes, he consecrated him- 
self with unusual vigor to study . At a very 
early age he made considerable proficiency 
in the Greek, Latin, French and Spanish 
languages. In 1769 he entered Princeton 
College, New Jersey, of which the illus- 
trious Dr. Weatherspoon was then Presi- 
dent. He graduated in 1771, with a char- 



acter of the utmost purity, and a mind 
highl}- disciplined and stored with all the 
learning which embellished and gave effi- 
ciency to his subsequent career. After 
graduating he pursued a course of reading 
for several months, under the guidance of 
President Weatherspoon, and in 1772 re- 
turned to Virginia, where he continued in 
incessant study for two years, nominally 
directed to the law, but really including 
extended researches in theology, philoso- 
phy and general literature. 

The Church of England was the estab- 
lished church in Virginia, invested with all 
the prerogatives and immunities which it 
enjoyed in the fatherland, and other de- 
nominations labored under serious disabili- 
ties, the enforcement of which was rightl}- 
or wrongly characterized by them as per- 
secution. Madison took a jirominent stand 
in behalf of the removal of all disabilities, 
repeatedly appeared in the court of his own 
county to defend the Baptist nonconform- 
ists, and was elected from Orange County to 
the Virginia Convention in the spring of 
1766, when he signalized the beginning of 
his public career by procuring the passage 
of an amendment to the Declaration of 
Rights as prepared by George Mason, sub- 
stituting for " toleration" a more emphatic 
assertion of religious liberty. 



•s?* 




J liLc.'^'--^ /yO{ a<.^^^ iT-i^ 



yAMES MAD/SON. 



39 



In 1776 he was elected a member of the 
Virgmia Convention to frame the Constitu- 
tion of the State. Like Jefferson, he took 
but little part in the public debates. His 
main strength lay in his conversational in- 
fluence and in his pen. In November, 1777, 
he was chosen a member of the Council of 
State, and in March, 1780, took his seat in 
the Continental Congress, where he first 
gained prominence through his energetic 
opposition to the issue of paper money by 
the States. He continued in Congress three 
vears, one of its most active and influential 
members. 

In 1784 Mr. Madison was elected a mem- 
ber of the Virginia Legislature. He ren- 
dered important service by promoting and 
participating in that revision of the statutes 
which effectually abolished the remnants of 
the feudal system subsistent up to that 
time in the form of entails, primogeniture, 
and State support given the Anglican 
Church ; and his " Memorial and Remon- 
strance" against a general assessment for 
the support of religion is one of the ablest 
papers which emanated from his pen. It 
settled the question of the entire separation 
of church and State in Virginia. 

Mr. Jefferson says of him, in allusion to 
the study and experience through which he 
had already passed : 

" Trained in these successive schools, he 
acquired a habit of self-possession which 
placed at ready command the rich resources 
of his luminous and discriminating mind and 
of his extensive information, and rendered 
him the first of every assembly of which he 
afterward became a member. Never wan- 
dering from his subject into vain declama- 
tion, but pursuing it closely in language 
pure, classical and copious, soothing al- 
ways the feelings of his adversaries by civili- 
ties and softness of expression, he rose to the 
eminent station which he held in the great 
Nacional Convention of 1787 ; and in that of 
Virginia, which followed, he sustained the 



new Constitution in all its parts, bearing off 
the palm against the logic of George Mason 
and the fervid declamation of Patrick 
Henr3^ With these consummate powers 
were united a pure and spotless virtue 
which no calumny has ever attempted to 
sully. Of the power and polish of his pen, 
and of the wisdom of his administration in 
the highest office of the nation, I need say 
nothing. They have spoken, and will for- 
ever speak, for themselves." 

In January, 1786, Mr. Madison took the 
initiative in proposing a meeting of State 
Commissioners to devise measures for more 
satisfactory commercial relations between 
the States. A meeting was held at An- 
napolis to discuss this subject, and but five 
States were represented. The convention 
issued another call, drawn up by Mr. Madi- 
son, urging all the States to send their dele- 
gates to Philadelphia, in Ma)', 1787, to 
draught a Constitution for the United 
States. The delegates met at the time ap- 
pointed, ever}' State except Rhode Island 
being represented. George Washington 
was chosen president of the convention, 
and the present Constitution of the United 
States was then and there formed. There 
was no mind and no pen more active in 
framing this immortal document than the 
mind and pen of James Madison. He was, 
perhaps, its ablest advocate in the pages of 
the Federalist. 

Mr. Madison was a member of the first 
four Congresses, i789-'97, in which he main- 
tained a moderate opposition to Hamilton's 
financial policy. He declined the mission 
to France and the Secretaryship of State, 
and, graduall)' identifying himself with the 
Republican party, became fropi 1792 its 
avowed leader. In 1796 he was its choice 
for the Presidency as successor to Wash- 
ington. Mr. Jefferson wrote : " There is 
not another person in the United States 
with whom, being placed at the helm of our 
affairs, my mind would be so completely at 



30 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



rest for the fortune of our political bark." 
But Mr. Madison declined to be a candi- 
date. His term in Congress had expired, 
and he returned from New York to his 
beautiful retreat at Montpelier. 

In 1794 Mr. Madison married a young 
widow of remarkable powers of fascination 
— Mrs. Todd. Her maiden name was Doro- 
thy Paine. She was born in 1767, in Vir- 
ginia, of Quaker parents, and had been 
educated in the strictest rules of that sect. 
When but eighteen years of age she married 
a young lawyer and moved to Philadelphia, 
where she was introduced to brilliant scenes 
of fashionable life. She speedily laid aside 
the dress and address of the Quakeress, and 
became one of the most fascinating ladies 
of the republican court. In New York, 
alter the death of her husband, she was the 
belle of the season and was surrounded with 
admirers. Mr. Madison won the prize. 
She proved an invaluable helpmate. In 
Washington she was the life of society. 
If there was any diffident, timid young 
girl just making her appearance, she 
found in Mrs. Madison an encouraging 
friend. 

During the storm v administration of John 
Adams Madison remained in private life, 
but was the author of the celebrated " Reso- 
lutions of 1798," adopted by the Virginia 
Legislature, in condemnation of the Alien 
and Sedition laws, as well as of the " report" 
in which he defended those resolutions, 
which is, by many, considered his ablest 
State paper. 

The storm passed away ; the Alien and 
Sedition laws were repealed, John Adams 
lost his re-election, and in 1801 Thomas Jef- 
ferson was chosen President. The great re- 
action in public sentiment which seated 
Jefferson in the presidential chair was large- 
ly owing to the writings of Madison, who 
was consequently well entitled to the post 
of Secretary of State. With great abilit}' 
he discharged the duties of this responsible 



office during the eight years of Mr. Jeffer- 
son's administration. 

As Mr. Jefferson was a widower, and 
neither of his daughters could be often with 
him, Mrs. Madison usually presided over 
the festivities of the White House; and as 
her husband succeeded Mr. Jefferson, hold- 
ing his office for two terms, this remarkable 
woman was the mistress of the presidential 
mansion for sixteen years. 

Mr. Madison being entirely engrossed by 
the cares of his office, all the duties of so- 
cial life devolved upon his accomplished 
wife. Never were such responsibilities 
more ably discharged. The most bitter 
foes of her husband and of the administra- 
tion were received with the frankly prof- 
fered hand and the cordial smile of wel- 
come; and the influence of this gentle 
woman in allaying the bitterness of party 
rancor became a great and salutary power 
in the nation. 

As the term of Mr. Jefferson's Presidency 
drew near its close, party strife was roused 
to the utmost to elect his successor. It was 
a death-grapple between the two great 
parties, the Federal and Republican. Mr. 
Madison was chosen President by an elec 
toral vote of 123 to 53, and was inaugurated 
March 4, 1809, at a critical period, when 
the relations of the United States witb Great 
Britain were becoming embittered, and his 
first term was passed in diplomatic quarrels, 
aggravated by the act of non-intercourse of 
May, 1 8 10, and finally resulting in a decla- 
ration of war. 

On the i8th of June, 1812, President 
Madison gave his approval to an act of 
Congress declaring war against Great Brit- 
ain. Notwithstanding the bitter hostility 
of the Federal party to the war, the country 
in general approved ; and in the autumn 
Madison was re-elected to the Presidency 
by 128 electoral votes to 89 in favor of 
George Clinton. 

March 4, 1817, Madison yielded the Presi- 



yAMES MADISON. 



3' 



dency to his Secretary of State and inti- 
mate friend, James Monroe, and retired to 
his ancestral estate at Montpelier, where he 
passed the evening of his days surrounded 
by attached friends and enjoying the 
merited respect of the whole nation. He 
took pleasure in promoting agriculture, as 
president of the county society, and in 
watching the development of the University 
of Virginia, of whicli he was long rector and 
visitor. In extreme old age he sat in 1829 
as a member of the convention called to re- 
form the Virginia Constitution, where his 
appearance was hailed with the most gen- 
uine interest and satisfaction, though he 
was too infirm io participate in the active 
work of revision. Small in stature, slender 
and delicate in form, with a countenance 
full of intelligence, and expressive alike of 
mildness and dignity, he attracted the atten- 
tion of all who attended the convention, 
and was treated with the utmost deference. 
He seldom addressed the assembly, though 
he always appeared self-possessed, and 
watched with unflagging interest the prog- 
ress of every measure. Though the con- 
vention sat sixteen weeks, he spoke only 
twice ; but when he did speak, the whole 
house paused to listen. His voice was 
feeble though his enunciation was very dis- 
tinct. One of the reporters, Mr. Stansburv, 
relates the following anecdote of Mr. Madi- 
son's last speech: 

" The next day, as there was a great call 
for it, and the report had not been returned 
for publication, I sent my son with a re- 
spectful note, requesting the manuscript. 
My son was a lad of sixteen, whom I had 
taken with me to act as amanuensis. On 
delivering my note, he was received with 
the utmost politeness, and requested to 
come up into Mr. Madison's room and wait 
while his eye ran over the paper, as com- 
pany had prevented his attending to it. He 
did so, and Mr. Madison sat down to correct 
the report. The lad stood near him so that 



his eye fell on the paper. Coming to a 
certain sentence in the speech, Mr. Madison 
erased a word and substituted another ; but 
hesitated, and not feeling satisfied with the 
second .word, drew his pen through it also. 
My son was young, ignorant of the world, 
and unconscious of the solecism of which he 
was about to be guilty, when, in all simplic- 
ity, he suggested a word. Probably no 
other person then living would have taken 
such a liberty. But the sage, instead o( 
regarding such an intrusion with a frown, 
raised his eyes to the boy's face with a 
pleased surprise, and said, ' Thank you, sir ; 
it is the very word,' and immediately in- 
serted it. I saw him the next day, and he 
mentioned the circumstance, with a compli- 
ment on the 3^oung critic." 

Mr. Madison died at Montpelier, June 28, 
1836, at the advanced age of eighty-five. 
While not possessing the highest order of 
talent, and deficient in oratorical powers, 
he was pre-eminently a statesman, of a well- 
balanced mind. His attainments were solid, 
his knowledge copious, his judgment gener- 
ally sound, his powers of anal3-sis and logi- 
cal statement rarely surpassed, his language 
and literary style correct and polished, his 
conversation witty, his temperament san- 
guine and trusfful, his integrity unques- 
tioned, his manners simple, courteous and 
winning. By these rare qualities he con- 
ciliated the esteem not only of friends, but 
of political opponents, in a greater degree 
than any American statesman in the present 
centurv. 

Mrs. Madison survived her husband thir- 
teen years, and died July 12, 1849, in the 
eighty-second year of her age. She was one 
of the most remarkable women our coun- 
try has produced. Even now she is ad- 
miringly remembered in Washington as 
" Dolly Madison," and it is fitting that her 
memor}' should descend to posterity in 
company with thatof the companion of 
her life. 



p 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UN/TJ^D STATES. 



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AMES MONROE, the fifth 
President of the United 
States, i8i7-'25, was born 
in Westmoreland County 
Virginia, April 28, 1758. 
He was a son of Spence 
Monroe, and a descendant 
of a Scottish cavalier fam- 
ily. Like all his predeces- 
sors thus far in the Presi- 
dential chair, he enjoyed all 
the advantages of educa- 
tion which the country 
could then afford. He was 
early sent to a fine classical 
school, and at the age of six- 
teen entered William and Mary College.. 
In 1776, when he had been in college but 
two years, the Declaration of Independence 
was adopted, and our feeble militia, with- 
out arms, amunition or clothing, were strug- 
gling against the trained armies of England. 
James Monroe left college, hastened to 
General Washington's headquarters at New 
York and enrolled himself as a cadet in the 
army. 

At Trenton Lieutenant Monroe so dis- 
tinguished himself, receiving a wound in his 
shoulder, that he was promoted to a Cap- 
taincy. Upon recovering from his wound, 
he was invited to act as aide to Lord Ster- 
ling, and in that capacity he took an active 
part ill the battles of Brandy wine, Ger- 
oiantownand Monmouth. At Germantown 



he stood by the side of Lafayette when the 
French Marquis received his wound. Gen- 
eral Washington, who had formed a high 
idea of young Monroe's ability, sent him to 
Virginia to raise a new regiment, of which 
he was to be Colonel; but so exhausted was 
Virginia at that time that the effort proved 
unsuccessful. He, however, received his 
commission. 

Finding no opportunity to enter the army 
as a commissioned officer, he returned to his 
original plan of studying law, and entered 
the office of Thomas Jefferson, who was 
then Governor of Virginia. He developed 
a very noble character, frank, manly atid 
sincere. Mr. Jefferson said of him: 

"James Monroe is so perfectl}' honest 
that if his soul were turned inside out there 
would not be found a spot on it." 

In 1782 he was elected to the Assembly 
of Virginia, and was also appointed a mem- 
ber of the Executive Council. The next 
year he was chosen delegate to the Conti- 
nental Congress for a term of three years. 
He was present at Annapolis when Wash- 
ington surrendered his commission of Com- 
mander-in-chief. 

With Washington, Jefferson and Madison 
he felt deeply the inefficiency of the old 
Articles of Confederation, and urged the 
formation of a new Constitution, which 
should invest the Central Government with 
something like national power. Influenced 
by these views, he introduced a resolution 



yAMES MONROE. 



ii 



that Congress should be empowered to 
regulate trade, and to lay an impost duty 
of five per cent. The resolution was refer- 
red to a committee of which he was chair- 
man. The report and the discussion which 
rose upon it led to the convention of five 
States at Annapolis, and the consequent 
general convention at Philadelphia, which, 
in 1787, drafted the Constitution of the 
United States. 

At this time there was a controversy be- 
tween New York and Massachusetts in 
reference to their boundaries. The high 
esteem in which Colonel Monroe was held 
is indicated by the fact that he was ap- 
pointed one of the judges to decide the 
controversy-. While in New York attend- 
ing Congress, he married Miss Kortright, 
a young lady distinguished alike for her 
beauty and accomplishments. For nearl}' 
fifty years this happy union remained un- 
broken. In London and in Paris, as in her 
own country, Mrs. Monroe won admiration 
and affection by the loveliness of her per- 
son, the brilliancy of her intellect, and the 
amiability of her character. 

Returning to Virginia, Colonel Monroe 
commenced the practice of law at Freder- 
icksburg. He was very soon elected to a 
seat in the State Legislature, and the ne.xt 
year he was chosen a member of the Vir- 
ginia convention which was assembled to 
decide upon the acceptance or rejection of 
the Constitution which had been drawn up 
at Philadelphia, and was now submitted 
to the several States. Deeply as he felt 
the imperfections of the old Confederacy, 
he was opposed to the new Constitution, 
thinking, with many others of the Republi- 
can party, that it gave too much power to 
the Central Government, and not enough 
to the individual States. 

In 1789 he became a member of the 
United States Senate, which office he held 
acceptably to his constituents, and with 
honor to himself for four years. 



Having opposed the Constitution as not 
leaving enough power with the States, he, 
of course, became more and more identi- 
fied with the Republican party. Thus he 
found himself in cordial co-operation with 
Jefferson and Madison. The great Repub- 
lican part}' became the dominant power 
which ruled the land. 

George Washington was then President. 
England had espoused the cause of the 
Bourbons against the principles of the 
French Revolution. President Washing- 
ton issued a proclamation of neutralit}- be- 
tween these contending powers. France 
had helped us in the struggle for our lib- 
erties. All the despotisms of Europe were 
now combined to prevent the French 
from escaping from tyranny a thousandfold 
worse than that which we had endured. 
Colonel Monroe, more magnanimous than 
prudent, was anxious that we should help 
our old allies in their extremity. He vio- 
lently opposed the President's procla- 
mation as ungrateful and wanting in 
magnanimity. 

Washington, who could appreciate such 
a character, developed his calm, serene, 
almost divine greatness bv appointing that 
very James Monroe, who was denouncing 
the policy of the Government, as the Minis- 
ter of that Government to the republic of 
France. He was directed b)'' Washington 
to express to the French people our warm- 
est sympathy, communicating to them cor- 
responding resolves approved by the Pres- 
ident, and adopted b}' both houses of 
Congress. 

Mr. Monroe was welcomed by the Na- 
tional Convention in France with the most 
enthusiastic demonstrations of respect and 
affection. He was publicl}' introduced to 
that body, and received the embrace of the 
President, Merlin de Douay, after having 
been addressed in a speech glowing with 
congratulations, and with expressions of 
desire that harmony might ever exist be 



36 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



tween the two nations. Tlie flags of the 
two republics were intertwined in the hall 
of the convention. Mr. Monroe presented 
the American colors, and received those of 
France in return. The course which he 
pursued in Paris was so annoying to Eng- 
land and to the friends of England in 
this country that, near the close of Wash- 
ir.gton's administration, Mr. Monroe, was 
recalled. 

After his return Colonel Monroe wrote a 
book of 400 pages, entitled " A View of the 
Conduct of the Executive in Foreign Af- 
fairs." In this work he ver}' ably advo- 
cated his side of the question; but, with 
the magnanimitv of the man, he recorded a 
warm tribute to the patriotism, ability and 
spotless integrity of John Jay, between 
whom and himself there was intense antag- 
onism ; and in subsequent years he ex- 
pressed in warmest terms his perfect 
veneration for the character of George 
Washington. 

Shortly after his return to this country 
Colonel Monroe was elected Governor of 
Virginia, and held that office iov three 
3ears, the period limited by the Constitu- 
tion. In 1802 he was an Envoy to France, 
and to Spain in 1805, and was Minister to 
England in 1803. In 1.806 he returned to 
his quiet home in Virginia, and with his 
wife and children and an ample competence 
from his paternal estate, enjoyed a few years 
of domestic repose. 

In 1809 Mr. Jefferson's second term of 
'office expired, and many of the Republican 
party were anxious to nominate James 
Monroe as his successor. The majority 
were in favor of Mr. Madison. Mr. Mon- 
roe withdrew his name and was soon after 
chosen a second time Governor of Virginia. 
He soon resigned that office to accept the 
position of Secretary of State, offered him 
by President Madison. The correspond- 
ence which he then carried on with the 
British Government demonstrated that 



there was no hope of any peaceful adjust- 
ment of our difficulties with the cabinet of 
St. James. War was consequently declared 
in June, 181 2. Immediately after the sack 
of Washingt<5n the Secretary of War re- 
signed, and Mr. Monroe, at the earnest 
request of Mr. Madison, assumed the ad- 
ditional duties of the War Department, 
without resigning his position as Secretary 
of State. It has been confidentl}' stated, 
that, had Mr. Monroe's energies been in the 
War Department a few months earlier, the 
disaster at Washington would not have 
occurred. 

The duties now devolving upon Mr. Mon- 
roe were extremely arduous. Ten thou- 
sand men, picked from the veteran armies 
of England, were sent with a powerful fleet 
to New Orleans to acquire possession of 
the mouths of the Mississippi. Our finan- 
ces were in the most deplorable condition. 
The treasurj' was exhausted and our credit 
gone. And ^-et it was necessary "to make 
the most rigorous preparations to meet the 
foe. In this crisis James Monroe, the Sec- 
retary of War, with virtue unsurpassed in 
Greek or Roman story, stepped forward 
and pledged his own individual credit as 
subsidiary to that of the nation, and thus 
succeeded in placing the city of New Or- 
leans in such a posture of defense, that it 
was enabled successfull}- to repel the in- 
vader. 

Mr. Monroe was trul}' the armor-bearer 
of President Madison, and the most efficient 
business man in his cabinet. His energy 
in the double capacity of Secretary, both 
of State and War, pervaded all the depart- 
ments of the country. He proposed to 
increase the army to 100,000 men, a meas- 
ure which he deemed absolutely necessary 
to save us from ignominious defeat, but 
which, at the same time, he knew would 
render his name so unpopular as to preclude 
the possibility of his being a successful can- 
didate for the Presidency. 



JAMES MONROE. 



7,1 



The happy result of the conference at 
Ghent in securing peace rendered the in- 
crease of the army unnecessary; but it is not 
too much to say that James Monroe placed 
in the hands of Andrew Jackson the 
weapon with which to beat off the foe at 
New Orleans. Upon the return of peace 
Mr. Monroe resigned the department of 
war, devoting himself entirely to the duties 
of Secretary of State. These he continued 
to discharge until the close of President 
Madison's administration, with zeal which 
was never abated, and with an ardor of 
self-devotion which made him almost for- 
getful of the claims of fortune, health or 
life. 

Mr. Madison's second term expired in 
March, 1817, and Mr. Monroe succeeded 
to the Presidency. He was a candidate of 
the Republican party, now taking the name 
of the Democratic Republican. In 1821 he 
was re-slected, with scarcely any opposition. 
Out cf 232 electoral votes, he received 231. 
The slavery question, which subsequently 
assumed such formidable dimensions, now 
began to make its appearance. The State 
of Missouri, which had been carved out of 
that immense territory which we had pur- 
chased of France, applied for admission to 
the Union, with a slavery Constitution. 
There were not a few who foresaw the 
evils impending. After the debate of a 
week it was decided that Missouri could 
not be admitted into the Union with slav- 
ery. This important question was at length 
settled by a compromise proposed by 
Henr}' Clay. 

The famous "Monroe Doctrine," of which 
so much has been said, originated in this 
way: In 1823 it was rumored that the 
H0I3' Alliance was about to interfere to 
prevent the establishment of Republican 
liberty in the European colonies of South 
America. President Monroe wrote to his 
old friend Thomas Jefferson for advice in 
the emergency. In his reply under date of 



October 24, Mr. Jefferson writes upon the 
supposition that our attempt to resist this 
European movement might lead to war: 

" Its object is to introduce and establish 
the i\.merican system of keeping out of our 
land all foreign powers; of never permitting 
those of Europe to intermeddle with the 
affairs of our nation. It is to maintain our 
own principle, not to depart from it." 

December 2, 1823, President Monroe 
sent a message to Congress, declaring it to 
be the policy of this Government not to 
entangle ourselves with the broils of Eu- 
rope, and not to allow Europe to interfere 
with the affairs of nations on the American 
continent; and the doctrine was announced, 
that any attempt on the part of the Euro- 
pean powers " to extend their system to 
any portion of this hemisphere would be 
regarded by the United States as danger- 
ous to our peace and safety." 

March 4, 1825, Mr. Monroe surrendered 
the presidential chair to his Secretary of 
State, John Quincy Adams, and retired, 
with the universal respect of the nation, 
to his private residence at Oak Hill, Lou- 
doun County, Virginia. His time had been 
so entirely consecrated to his countr}', that 
he had neglected his pecuniary interests, 
and was deeply involved in debt. The 
welfare of his country had ever been up- 
permost in his mind. 

For many years Mrs. Monroe was in such 
feeble health that she rarely appeared in 
public. In 1830 Mr. Monroe took up his 
residence with his son-in-law in New York, 
where he died on the 4th of July, i8ji. 
The citizens of New York conducted his 
obsequies with pageants more imposing 
than had ever been witnessed there before. 
Our country will ever cherish his mem- 
ory with pride, gratefully enrolling his 
name in the list of its benefactors, pronounc- 
ing him the worthy successor of the illus- 
trious men who had preceded him in the 
presidential chair. 



38 



PItES/DENTS OF THE UN /TED STATES. 



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OHN QUINCY ADAMS, 
the sixth President of the 
United States, i825-'9, 
was born in the rural 
home of his honored 
father, John Adams, in 
Q u i n c y , Massachusetts, 
July II, 1767. Hismother, 
a woman of exalted worth, 
watched over his childhood 
(luring the almost constant 
absence of his father. He 
commenced his education 
at the village school, giving 
at an early period indica- 
tions of superior mental en- 
dowments. 

When eleven years of age he sailed with 
his father for Europe, where the latter was 
associated with Franklin and Lee as Minister 
Plenipotentiary. The intelligence of John 
Quincy attracted the attention of these men 
and received from them flattering marks of 
attention. Mr. Adams had scarcely returned 
to this country in 1779 ere he was again 
sent abroad, and John Quincy again accom- 
panied him. On this voyage he commenced 
a diary, which practice he continued, with 
but few interruptions, until his death. He 
journeyed with his father from Ferrol, in 
Spain, to Paris. Here he applied himself 
tor six months to study; then accompanied 



his father to Holland, where he entered, 
first a school in Amsterdam, and then the 
University of Leyden. In 1781, when only 
fourteen 3'ears of age, he was selected by 
Mr. Dana, our Minister to the Russian 
court, as his private secretary. In this 
school of incessant labor he spent fourteen 
months, and then returned alone to Holland 
through Sweden, Denmark, Hamburg and 
Bremen. Again he resumed his studies 
under a private tutor, at The Hague. 

In the spring of 1782 he accompanied his 
father to Paris, forming acquaintance with 
the most distinguished men on the Conti- 
nent. After a short visit to England, he re- 
turned to Paris and studied until May, 
1785, when he returned to America, leav- 
ing his father an embassador at the court 
of St. James. In 1786 he entered the jun- 
ior class in Harvard University, and grad- 
uated with the second honor of his class. 
The oration he delivered on this occasion, 
the " Importance of Public Faith to the 
Well-being of a Community," was pub- 
lished — an event very rare in this or any 
other land. 

Upon leaving college at the age of twenty 
he studied law three years with the Hon. 
Thcophilus Parsons in Newburyport. In 
1790 he opened a law office in Boston. The 
profession was crowded with able men, and 
the fees were small. The first vear he had 




J. ^. M 



A/i-wi 



JOHN ^UINCr ADAMS. 



no clients, but not a moment was lost. The 
second year passed away, still no clients, 
and still he was dependent upon his parents 
for support. Anxiously he awaited the 
third year. The reward now came. Cli- 
ents began to enter his office, and before 
the end of the year he was so crowded 
with business that all solicitude respecting 
a support was at an end. 

When Great Britain commenced war 
against France, in 1793, Mr. Adams wrote 
some articles, urging entire neutrality on 
the part of the United States. The view 
was not a popular one. Many felt that as 
France had helped us, we were bound to 
help France. But President Washington 
coincided with Mr. Adams, and issued his 
proclamation of neutrality. His writings 
at this time in the Boston journals gave 
him so high a reputation, that in June, 
1794, he was appointed by Washington 
resident Minister at the Netherlands. In 
July, 1797, he left The Hague to go to Port- 
ugal as Minister Plenipotentiary. Wash- 
ington at this time wrote to his father, John 
Adams: 

" Without intending to compliment the 
father or the mother, or to censure any 
others, I give it as my decided opinion, 
that Mr. Adams is the most valuable char- 
acter we have abroad; and there remains 
no doubt in my mind that he will prove the 
ablest of our diplomatic corps." 

On his way to Portugal, upon his arrival 
in London, he met with dispatches direct- 
ing him to the court of Berlin, but request- 
ing him to remain in London until he should 
receive instructions. While waiting he 
was married to Miss Louisa Catherine John- 
son, to whom he had been previously en- 
gaged. Miss Johnson was a daughter of 
Mr. Joshua Johnson, American Consul 
in London, and was a lady endowed with 
that beauty and those accomplishments 
which fitted her to move in the elevated 
sphere for which she was destined. 



In July, 1799, having fulfilled all the pur- 
poses of his mission, Mr. Adams returned. 
In 1802 he was chosen to the Senate of 
Massachusetts from Boston, and then was 
elected Senator of the United States for six 
years from March 4, 1804. His reputation, 
his ability and his experience, placed him 
immediately among the most prominent 
and influential members of that body. He 
sustained the Government in its measures 
of resistance to the encroachments of Eng- 
land, destroying our commerce and insult- 
ing our flag. There was no man in America 
more familiar with the arrogance of the 
British court upon these points, and no 
one more resolved to present a firm resist- 
ance. This course, so truly patriotic, and 
which scarcely a voice will now be found 
to condemn, alienated him from the Fed- 
eral party dominant in Boston, and sub- 
jected him to censure. 

In 1805 Mr. Adams was chosen professor 
of rhetoric in Harvard College. His lect- 
ures at this place were subsequently pub- 
lished. In 1809 lis was sent as Minister to 
Russia. He was one of the commissioners 
that negotiated the treaty of peace with 
Great Britain, signed December 24, 18 14, 
and he was appointed Minister to the court 
of St. James in 1815. In 1817 he became 
Secretary of State in Mr. Monroe's cabinet 
in which position he remained eight years. 
Few will now contradict the assertion that 
the duties of that office were never more 
ably discharged. Probably the most im- 
portant measure which Mr. Adams con- 
ducted was the purchase of Florida from 
Spain for $5,000,000. 

The campaign of 1824 was an exciting 
one. Four candidates were in the field. 
Of the 260 electoral votes that were cast, 
Andrew Jackson received ninety-nine; John 
Quincy Adams, eighty-four; William H. 
Crawford, forty-one, and Henry Clay, 
thirty-seven. As there was no choice by 
the people, the question went to the House 



4» 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



of Representatives. Mr. Clay gave the 
vote of Kentucky to Mr. Adams, and he 
v/as elected. 

The friends of all disappointed candidates 
now combined in a venomous assault upon 
Mr. Adams. There is nothing more dis- 
graceful in the past history of our country 
than the abuse which was poured in one 
uninterrupted stream upon this high- 
minded, upright, patriotic man. There was 
never an administration more pure in prin- 
ciples, more conscientiously devoted to the 
best interests of the country, than that of 
John Ouincy Adams; and never, perhaps, 
was there an administration more unscru- 
pulously assailed. Mr. Adams took his seat 
in the presidential chair resolved not to 
know any partisanship, but only to con- 
sult for the interests of the whole Republic, 

He refused to dismiss any man from of- 
fice for his political views. If he was a faith- 
ful officer that was enough. Bitter must 
have been his disappointment to find that the 
Nation could not appreciate such conduct. 

Mr. Adams, in his public manners, was 
cold and repulsive; though with his per- 
sonal friends he was at times very genial. 
This chilling address very seriously de- 
tracted from his popularity. No one can 
read an impartial record of his administra- 
tion without admitting that a more noble 
example of uncompromising dignity can 
scarcely be found. It was stated publicly 
that Mr. Adams' administration was to be 
put down, " though it be as pure as the an- 
gels which stand at the right hand of the 
throne of God." Many of' the active par- 
ticipants in these scenes lived to regret the 
course they pursued. Some years after, 
Warren R. Davis, of South Carolina, turn- 
ing to Mr. Adams, then a member of the 
House of Representatives, said: 

" Well do I remember the enthusiastic 
zeal with which we reproached the admin- 
istration of that gentleman, and the ardor 
and vehemence with which we labored to 



bring in another. For the share I had in 
these transactions, and it was not a small 

one, I hope God will forgive me, for I shall 
never forgh r myself. ' ' 

March 4, 1829, Mr. Adams retired from 
the Presidency and was succeeded by An- 
drew Jackson, the latter receiving 168 out 
of 261 electoral votes. John C. Calhoun 
was elected Vice-President. The slavery 
question now began to assume pretentious 
magnitude. Mr. Adams returned to 
Ouincy, and pursued his studies with una- 
bated zeal. But he was not long permitted 
to remain in retirement. In November, 
1830, he was elected to Congress. In this 
he recognized the principle that it is honor- 
able for the General of yesterday to act as 
Corporal to-day, if by so doing he can ren- 
der service to his country. Deep as are 
our obligations to John Ouincy Adams for 
his services as embassador, as Secretary of 
State and as President; in his capacitv as 
legislator in the House of Representa- 
tives, he conferred benefits uptm our land 
which eclipsed all the rest, and which can 
never be over-estimated. 

For seventeen years, until his death, he 
occupied the post of Representative, tow- 
ering above all his peers, ever ready to do 
brave battle for freedom, and winning the 
title of " the old man eloquent." Upon 
taking his seat in the House he announced 
that he should hold himself bound to no 
party. He was usually the first in his 
place in the morning, and the last to leave 
his seat in the evening. Not a measure 
could escape his scrutin3\ The battle 
which he fought, almost singly, against the 
pro-slavery party in the Government, was 
sublime in its moral daring and heroism. 
For persisting in presenting petitions for 
the abolition of slavery, he was threatened 
with indictment by the Grand Jury, with 
expulsion from the House, with assassina- 
tion; but no threats could intimidate him, 
and his final triumph was complete. 



JOHN ^UINCr ADAMS. 



43 



On one occasion Mr. Adams presented a 
^jetition, signed by several women, against 
Ihe annexation of Texas for the purpose of 
cutting it up into slave States. Mr. How- 
ard, of Maryland, said that these women 
discredited not only themselves, but their 
section of the country, by turning from 
their domestic duties to the conflicts of po- 
litical life. 

"Are women," exclaimed Mr. Adams, 
" to have no opinions or actions on subjects 
relating to the general welfare? Where 
did the gentleman get his principle? Did 
he find it in sacred history, — in the language 
of Miriam, the prophetess, in one of the 
noblest and sublime songs of triumph that 
ever met the human eye or ear ? Did the 
gentleman never hear of Deborah, to whom 
the children of Israel came up for judg- 
ment ? Has he forgotten the deed of Jael, 
who slew the dreaded enemy of her coun- 
try ? Has he forgotten Esther, who, by her 
petition saved her people and her coun- 
try? ^ 

" To go from sacred history to profane, 
does the gentleman there find it ' discredita- 
ble ' for women to take an interest in politi- 
cal affairs? Has he forgotten the Spartan 
mother, who said to her son when going 
out to battle, ' My son, come back to me 
with thy shield, or upon thy shield ?' Does 
he remember Cloelia and her hundred com- 
panions, who swam across the river un^^er 
a shower of darts, escaping from Porsena ? 
Has he forgotten Cornelia, the mother of 
the Gracchi ? Does he not remember Por- 
tia, the wife of Brutus and the daughter of 
Cato? 

" To come to later periods, what says the 
history of our Anglo-Saxon ancestors? 
To say nothuig of Boadicea, the British 
heroine in the time of the C^sars, what 
name is more illustrious than that of Eliza- 
beth ? Or, if he will go to the continent, 
will he not find the names of Maria Theresa 
of Hungarv, of the two Catherines of 



Prussia, and of Isabella of Castile, the pa- 
troness of Columbus ? Did she bring ' dis- 
credit ' on her sex by mingling in politics ? " 

In this glowing strain Mr. Adams si- 
lenced and overwhelmed his antagonists. 

In January, 1842, Mr. Adams presented 
a petition from forty-five citizens of Haver- 
hill, Massachusetts, praying for a peaceable 
dissolution of the Union. The pro-slavery 
party in Congress, who were then plotting 
the destruction of the Government, were 
aroused to a pretense of commotion such as 
even our stormy hall of legislation has 
rarely witnessed. They met in caucus, and, 
finding that they probably would not be 
able to expel Mr. Adams from the House 
drew up a series of resolutions, which, if 
adopted, would inflict upon him disgrace, 
equivalent to expulsion. Mr. Adams had 
presented the petition, which was most re- 
spectfully worded, and had moved that it be 
referred to a committee instructed to re- 
port an answer, showing the reason whj 
the prayer ought not to be granted. 

It was the 25th of January. The whole 
body of the pro-slavery party came crowd- 
ing together in the House, prepared to 
crush Mr. Adams forever. One of the num- 
ber, Thomas F. Marshall, of Kentucky, was 
appointed to read the resolutions, which 
accused Mr. Adams of high treason, of 
having insulted the Government, and 01 
meriting expulsion; but for which deserved 
punishment, the House, in its great mercy, 
would substitute its severest censure. With 
the assumption of a very solemn and mag- 
isterial air, there being breathless silence in 
the audience, Mr. Marshall hurled the care- 
fully prepared anathemas at his victim. 
Mr. Adams stood alone, the whole pro-slav- 
ery party against him. 

As soon as the resolutions were read, 
every eye being fixed upon him, that bold 
old man, whose scattered locks were whit- 
ened by seventy-five years, casting a wither- 
ing glance in the direction of his assailantS: 



44 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



in a clear, shrill tone, tremulous with sup- 
pressed emotion, said: 

" In reply to this audacious, atrocious 
charge of high treason, I call for the read- 
ing of the first paragraph of the Declaration 
of Indc]icndcnce. Read it ! Read it! and 
see wiiat that says of the rights of a people 
to reform, to change, and to dissolve their 
Government.' 

The attitude, the manner, the tone, the 
words; the venerable old man, with flash- 
ing eye and flushed cheek, and whose very 
form seemed to expand under the inspiration 
of the occasion — all presented a scene over- 
flowing in its sublimity. There was breath- 
less silence as that paragraph was read, in 
defense of whose principles our fathers had 
pledged their lives, their fortunes and their 
sacred honor. It was a proud hour to Mr. 
Adams as they were all compelled to listen 
to the words: 

" That, to secure these rights, govern- 
ments are instituted among men, deriving 
their just powers from the consent of the 
governed; and that whenever any form of 
government becomes destructive of those 
ends, it is the right of the people to alter or 
abolish it, and to institute new government, 
laying its foundations on such principles 
and organizing its powers in such form 
as shall seem most likely to effect their 
safety and happiness." 

That one sentence routed and baffled the 



foe. The heroic old man looked around 
upon the audience, and thundered out, 
" Read that again!" It was again read. 
Then in a few fiery, logical words he stated 
his defense in terms which even prejudiced 
minds could not resist. His discomfited 
assailants made several attempts to rally. 
After a conflict of eleven days they gave 
up vanquished and their resolution was ig- 
nominiously laid upon the table. 

In January, 1846, when seventy -eight 
years of age, he took part in the great de- 
bate on the Oregon question, displaying 
intellectual vigor, and an e.Ktent and accu- 
racy of acquaintance with the subject that 
excited great admiration. 

On the 2istof February, 1848, he rose on 
the floor of Congress with a paper in his 
hand to address the Speaker. Suddenly 
he fell, stricken by paralysis, and was caught 
in the arms of those around him. For a 
time he was senseless and was conveyed 
to a sofa in the rotunda. With reviving 
consciousness he opened his eyes, looked 
calmly around and said, " This is the end of 
earth." Then after a moment's pause, he 
added, " / am content." These were his last 
words, and he soon breathed his last, in the 
apartment beneath the dome of the capitol 
— -the theater of his labors and his triumphs. 
In the language of hymnology, he " died at 
his post;" he " ceased at once to work and 
live." 



-,:;^f 



'.I?'- 




ANDREW JACKSON. 



47 



M. 



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fyTT"!^ 



NDREW JACKSON, 

the seventh President 
of the United States, 
i829-'37, was born at 
the Waxhaw Settle, 
ment, Union Coun- 
ty, North CaroHna, 
March i6, 1767. His parents 
were Scotch-Irish, natives of 
Carrickfergus, who came to 
America in 1765, and settled 
on Twelve-Mile Creek, a trib- 
utary of the Catawba. His 
father, who was a poor farm 
laborer, died shortly before An- 
drew's birth, when his mother removed to 
Waxhaw, where some relatives resided. 

Few particulars of the childhood of Jack- 
son have been preserved. His education 
was of the most limited kind, and he showed 
no fondness for books. He grew up to be a 
tall, lank boy, with coarse hair and freck- 
led cheeks, with bare feet dangling from 
trousers too short for him, very fond of ath- 
letic sports, running, boxing and wrestling. 
He was generous to the )'Ounger and 
weaker boys, but very irascible and over- 
bearing with his equals and superiors. He 
was profane — a vice in which he surpassed 
all other men. The character of his mother 



he revered; and it was not until after her 
death that his predominant vices gained 
full strength. 

In 1780, at the age of thirteen, Andrew, 
or Andy, as he was called, with his brother 
Robert, volunteered to serve in the Revo- 
lutionary forces under General Sumter, and 
was a witness of the latter's defeat at Hang- 
ing Rock. In the following year the 
brothers were made prisoners, and confined 
in Camden, experiencing brutal treatment 
from their captors, and being spectators of 
General Green's defeat at Hobkirk Hill. 
Through their mother's exertions the boys 
were exchanged while suffering from small- 
pox. In two days Robert was dead, and 
Andy apparently dying. The strength of 
his constitution triumphed, and he regained 
health and vigor. 

As he was getting better, his mother 
heard the cry of anguish from the prison- 
ers whom the British held in Charleston, 
among whom were the sons of her sisters. 
She hastened to their relief, was attacked 
b}- fever, died and was buried where her 
grave could never be found. Thus Andrew 
Jackson, when fourteen years of age, was 
left alone in the world, without father, 
mother, sister or brother, and without one 
dollar which he could call his own. He 



48 



PliESIDBNTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



soon entered a saddler's shop, and labored 
diligently for six months. But gradually, 
as health returned, he became more and 
more a wild, reckless, lawless boy. He 
gambled, drank and was regarded as about 
the worst character that could be found. 

He now turned schoolmaster. He could 
teach the alphabet, perhaps the multiplica- 
tion table; and as he was a very bold boy, 
it is possible he might have ventured to 
teach a little writing. But he soon began to 
think of a profession and decided to study 
law. With a very slender purse, and on 
the back of a very fine horse, he set out 
for Salisbury, North Carolina, where he 
entered the law office of Mr. INIcCa}'. 
Here he remained two years, professedly 
studying law. He is still remembered in 
traditions of Salisbury, which say: 

" Andrew Jackson was the most roaring, 
rollicking, horse-racing, card-playing, mis- 
chievous fellow that ever lived in Salisbury. 
He did not trouble the law-books much." 

Andrew was now, at the age of twenty, 
a tall young man, being over six feet in 
height. He was slender, remarkably grace- 
ful and dignified in his manners, an exquis- 
ite horseman, and developed, amidst his 
loathesome profanity and multiform vices, a 
vein of rare magnanimity. His temper was 
fiery in the extreme; but it was said of him 
that no man knew better than Andrew 
Jackson when to get angry and when not. 

In 1786 he was admitted to the bar, and 
two years later removed to Nashville, 
in what was then the western district of 
North Carolina, with the appointment of so- 
licitor, or public prosecutor. It was an of- 
fice of little honor, small emolument and 
great peril. Few men could be found to 
accept it. 

And now Andrew Jackson commenced 
vigorously to practice law. It was an im- 
portant part of his business to collect debts. 
It required nerve. During the first seven 
years of his residence in those wilds he 



traversed the almost pathless forest between 
Nashville and Jonesborough, a distance of 
200 miles, twenty-two times. Hostile In- 
dians were constantl}' on the watch, and a 
man was liable at any moment to be shot 
down in his own field. Andrew Jackson 
was just the man for this service — a wild, 
daring, rough backwoodsman. Daily he 
made hair-breadth escapes. He seemed to 
bear a charmed life. Boldly, alone or with 
few companions, he traversed the forests, 
encountering all perils and triumphing 
over all. 

In 1790 Tennessee became a Territor\', 
and Jackson was appointed, by President 
Washington, United States Attorney for 
the new district. In 1791 he married Mrs. 
Rachel Robards (daughter of Colonel John 
Donelson), whom he supposed to have been 
divorced in that year by an act of the Leg- 
islature of Virginia. Two years after this 
Mr. and Mrs. Jackson learned, to their 
great surprise, that Mr. Robards had just 
obtained a divorce in one of the courts of 
Kentucky, and that the act of the Virginia 
Legislature was not final, but conditional. 
To remedy the irregularity as much as pos- 
sible, a new license was obtained and the 
marriage ceremou}- was again performed. 

It proved to be a marriage of rare felic- 
ity. Probablv there never was a more 
affectionate union. However rough Mr. 
Jackson might have been abroad, he was 
always gentle and tender at home; and 
through all the vicissitudes of their lives, he 
treated Mrs. Jackson with the most chival- 
ric attention. 

Under the circumstances it was not un- 
natural that the facts in the case of this 
marriage were so misrepresented by oppo- 
nents in the political campaigns a quarter 
or a century later as to become the basis 
of serious charges against Jackson's moral- 
ity which, however, have been satisfactorily 
attested b}- abundant evidence. 

Jackson was untiring in his duties as 



AXDHHW y.ACKSOS. 



49 



United States Attorney, which demanded 
frequent journeys through the wilderness 
and exposed him to Indian hostilities. He 
acquired considerable property in land, and 
obtained such influence as to be chosen 
a member of the convention which framed 
the Constitution for the new State of Ten- 
nessee, in 1796, and in that year was elected 
its first Representative in Congress. Albert 
Gallatin thus describes the first appearance 
of the Hon. Andrew Jackson in the House: 

" A tall, lank, uncouth-'ooking personage, 
with locks of hair hanging over his face and 
a cue down his back, tied with an eel skin; 
his dress singular, his manners and deport- 
ment those of a rough backwoodsman." 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the 
Democratic party. Jefferson was his idol. 
He admired Bonaparte, loved France and 
hated England. As Mr. Jackson took his 
seat, General Washington, whose second 
term of office was just expiring, delivered 
his last speech to Congress. A committee 
drew up a complimentary address in repl3\ 
Andrew Jackson did not approve the ad- 
dress and was one of twelve who voted 
against it. 

Tennessee had fitted out an expedition 
against the Indians, contrary to the policy 
of the Government. A resolution was intro- 
duced that the National Government 
should pa}^ the expenses. Jackson advo- 
cated it and it was carried. This rendered 
him ver}' popular in Tennessee. A va- 
cancy chanced soon after to occur in the 
Senate, and Andrew Jackson was chosen 
United States Senator by the State of Ten- 
nessee. John Adams was then President 
and Thomas Jefferson, Vice-President. 

In 1798 Mr. Jackson returned to Tennes- 
see, and resigned his seat in the Senate. 
Soon after he was chosen Judge of the Su- 
preme Court of that State, with a salary of 
$600. This office he held six years. It is 
said that his decisions, though sometimes 
ungrammatical, were generally right. He 



did not enjoy his seat upon the bench, and 
renounced the dignity in 1804. About 
this time he was chosen Major-General of 
militia, and lost the title of judge in that of 
General. 

When he retired from the Senate Cham- 
ber, he decided to try his fortune through 
trade. He purchased a stock of goods in 
Philadelphia and sent them to Nashville, 
where he opened a store. He lived about 
thirteen miles from Nashville, on a tract of 
land of several thousand acres, mostl}- un- 
cultivated. He used a small block-house 
for a store, from a narrow window of 
which he sold goods to the Indians. As he 
had an assistant his office as judge did not 
materially interfere with his business. 

As to slavery, born in the midst of it, the 
idea never seemed to enter his mind that it 
could be wrong. He eventually became 
an extensive slave owner, but he was one of 
the most humane and gentle of masters. 

In 1804 Mr. Jackson withdrew from pol- 
itics and settled on a plantation which he 
called the Hermitage, near Nashville. He 
set up a cotton-gin, formed a partnership 
and traded in New Orleans, making the 
voyage on flatboats. Through his hot tem- 
per he became involved in several quarrels 
and " affairs of honor," during this period, 
in one of which he was severely wounded, 
but had the misfortune to kill his opponent, 
Charles Dickinson. For a time this affair 
greatly injured General Jackson's popular- 
ity. The verdict then was, and continues 
to be, that General Jackson was outra- 
geously wrong. If he subsequently felt any 
remorse he never revealed it to anyone. 

In 1805 Aaron Burr had visited Nash- 
ville and been a guest of Jackson, with 
whom he corresponded on the subject of a 
war with Spain, which was anticipated and 
desired by them, as well as by the people 
of the Southwest generally. 

Burr repeated his visit in September, 
1S06, when he engaged in the celeotated 



so 



PREJIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



combinations which led to his trial for trea- 
son. He was warmlj' received by Jackson, 
at whose instance a public bail was given 
in his honor at Nashville, and contracted 
with the latter for boats and provisions. 
Early in 1807, when Burr had been pro- 
claimed a traitor by President Jefferson, 
volunteer forces for the Federal service 
were organized at Nashville under Jack- 
son's command; but his energy and activ- 
ity did not shield him from suspicions of 
connivance in the supposed treason. He 
was summoned to Richmond as a witness 
in Burr's trial, but was not called to the 
stand, probably because he was out-spoken 
in his partisanship. 

On the outbreak of the war with Great 
Britain in 1812, Jackson tendered his serv- 
ices, and in January, 181 3, embarked for 
New Orleans at the head of the Tennessee 
contingent. In March he received an or- 
der to disband his forces; but in Septem- 
ber he again took the field, in the Creek 
war, and in conjunction with his former 
partner. Colonel Coffee, inflicted upon the 
Indians the memorable defeat at Talladega, 
Emuckfaw and Tallapoosa. 

In May, 1814, Jackson, who had now ac- 
quired a national reputation, wasappointed 
a Major-Gcncral of the United States army, 
and commenced a campaign against the 
British in Florida. He conducted the de- 
fense at Mobile, September 1 5, seized upon 
Pensacola, November 6, and immediately 
transported the bulk of his troops to New- 
Orleans, then threatened by a powerful 
naval force. Martial law was declared in 
Louisiana, the State militia was called to 
arms, engagements with the British were 
fought December 23 and 28, and after re-en- 
forcements had been received on both sides 
tiie famous victory of January 8, 181 5, 
rrowned Jackson's fame as a soldier, and 
made him the t3'pical American hero of 
the first half of the nineteenth century. 

In 1817-18 Jackson conducted the war 



against the Seminoles of Florida, during 
which he seized upon Pensacola and exe- 
cuted by courtmartial two British subjects, 

Arbuthnot and Ambrister acts which 

might easily have involved the United 
States in war both with Spain and Great 
Britain. Fortunately the peril was averted 
by the cession of Florida to the United 
States; and Jackson, who had escaped a 
trial for the irregularity of his conduct 
only through a division of opinion in Mon- 
roe's cabinet, was appointed in 1821 Gov- 
ernor of the new Territory. Soon after he 
declined the appointment of minister to 
Mexico. 

In 1823 Jackson was elected to the United 
States Senate, and nominated by the Ten- 
nessee Legislature for the Presidency. This 
candidacy, though a matter of surprise, and 
even merryment, speedily became popular, 
and in 1824, when the storni)' electoral can- 
vas resulted in the choice of John Ouincy 
Adams by the House of Representatives, 
General Jackson received the largest [)opu- 
lar vote among the four candidates. 

In 1828 Jackson was triumphantly elected 
President over Adams after a campaign of 
unparalleled bitterness. He was inaugu- 
rated March 4, 1829, and at once removed 
from ofilice all the incumbents belonging to 
the opposite party — a procedure new to 
American politics, but which naturally be- 
came a precedent. 

His first term was characterized by quar- 
rels between the Vice-President, Calhoun, 
and the Secretary of State, Van Buren, at- 
tended by a cabinet crisis originating in 
scandals connected with the name of Mrs. 
General Eaton, wife of the Secretary of 
War; by the beginning of his war upon the 
United States Bank, and by his vigorous 
action against the partisans of Calhoun, 
who, in South Carolina, threatened to 
nullif)' the acts of Congress, establishing a 
protective tariff. 

In the Presidential campaign of 1832 



ANDREW JACKSON. 



SI 



Jackson received 219 out of 288 electoral 
votes, his competitor being Mr. Clay, while 
Mr. Wirt, on an Anti-Masonic platform, 
received the vote of Vermont alone. In 
1833 President Jackson lemoved the Gov- 
ernment deposits from the United States 
bank, thereby incurring a vote of censure 
from the Senate, which was, however, ex- 
punged four years later. During this second 
term of office the Cherokees, Choctaws and 
Creeks were removed, not without diffi- 
culty, from Georgia, Alabama and Missis- 
sippi, to the Indian Territory; the National 
debt was extinguished; Arkansas and 
Michigan were admitted as States to the 
Union; the Seminole war was renewed; the 
anti-slavery agitation first acquired impor- 
tance; the Mormon delusion, which had 
organized in 1829, attained considerable 
proportions in Ohio and Missouri, and the 
country experienced its greatest pecuniary 
panic. 

Railroads with locomotive propulsion 
were ir Produced into America during Jack- 
son's first term, and had become an- impor- 
tant element of national life before the 
close of his second term. For many rea- 
sons, theretore, the administration of Presi- 
dent Jackson formed an era in American 
history, political, social and industrial. 
He succeeded in effecting the election of 



his friend Van Buren as his successor, re- 
tired from the Presidency March 4, 1837; 
and led a tranquil life at the Hermitage 
until his death, which occurred June 8, 

1845- 

During his closing years he was a pro- 
fessed Christian and a member ot the Pres- 
byterian church. No American of this 
century has been the subject of such oppo- 
site judgments. He was loved and hated 
with equal vehemence during his life, but 
at the present distance of time from his 
career, while opinions still vary as to the 
merits of his pubHc acts, few of his country- 
men will question that he was a warm- 
hearted, brave, patriotic, honest and sincere 
man. If his distinguishing qualities were 
not such as constitute statesmanship, in the 
highest sense, he at least never pretended 
to other merits than such as were written 
to his credit on the page of American his- 
tory — not attempting to disguise the de- 
merits which were equally legible. The 
majority of his countrymen accepted and 
honored him, in spite of all that calumny 
as well as truth could allege against him. 
His faults may therefore be truly said to 
have been those of his time; his magnifi- 
cent virtues may also, with the same jus- 
tice, be considered as typical of a state o/^ 
society which has nearly passed away. 



52 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



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ARTIN VAN BU- 
F-iEN, the eighth 
50 President of the 
United States, 1837- 
. '41, was born at Kin- 
derhook, New York, 
December 5, 1782. 
His ancestors were of Dutch 
origin, and were among the 
earliest emigrants from Hol- 
land to the banks of the 
Hudson. His father was a 
tavern-keeper, as well as a 
farmer, and a very decided 
Democrat. 
* Martin commenced the study 
of law at the age of fourteen, and took an 
active part in politics before he had reached 
the age of twent}-. In 1S03 he commenced 
the practice of law in his native village. 
In 1809 he removed to Hudson, the shire 
town of his count)', where he spent seven 
years, gaining strength by contending in 
the courts with some of the ablest men 
who have adorned the bar of his State. 
The heroic examjjle of John Quincy Adams 
in retaining in office every faithful man, 
without regard to his political preferences, 
had been thoroughly repudiated by Gen- 
eral Jackson. The unfortunate principle 
was now fully established, that " to the 
victor belong the spoils." Still, this prin- 
ciple, to which Mr. Van Buren gave his ad- 



herence, was not devoid of inconveniences. 
When, subsequently, he attained power 
which placed vast patronage in his hands, 
he was heard to sa}' : " I prefer an office 
that has no patronage. When I give a man 
an office I offend his disappointed competi- 
tors and their friends. Nor am I certain oi 
gaining a friend in the man I appoint, for. 
in all jirobability, he e.\pected something 
better." 

In 1812 Mr. Van Buren was elected to 
the State Senate. In 18 15 he was appointed 
Attorney-General, and in i8i6tothe Senate 
a second time. In 1818 there was a great 
split in the Democratic party in New York, 
and Mr. Van Buren took the lead in or- 
ganizing that portion of the party called 
the Albanv Regcncv, which is said to have 
swayed the destinies of the State for a 
quarter of a century. 

In 1 82 1 he was chosen a member of the 
convention for revising the State Constitu- 
tion, in which he advocated an extension of 
the franchise, but opposed universal suf- 
frage, and also favored the proposal that 
colored persons, in order to vote, should 
have freehold property to the amount of 
$250. In this year he was also elected to 
the United States Senate, and at the con- 
clusion of his term, in 1827, was re-elected, 
but resigned the following year, having 
been chosen Governor of the State. In 
March, 1829, he was appointed Secretary o( 




f ^ 



O 7 2-'^^^ ^^-^^.s^^^^ 



MARTIN VAN BUREN. 



State by President Jackson, but resigned 
in April, 1831, and during the recess of 
Congress was appointed minister to Eng- 
land, whither he proceeded in September, 
but the Senate, when convened in Decem- 
ber, refused to ratify the appointment. 

In May, 1832, Mr. Van Buren was nomi- 
nated as the Democratic candidate for Vice- 
President, and elected in the following 
November. May 26, 1836, he received the 
nomination to succeed General Jackson as 
President, and received 170 electoral votes, 
out of 283. 

Scarcely had he taken his seat in the 
Presidential chair when a financial panic 
swept over the land. Many attributed 
this to the war which General Jackson had 
waged on the banks, and to his endeavor to 
secure an almost exclusive specie currency. 
Nearly eveiy bank in the country was com- 
pelled to suspend specie payment, and ruin 
pervaded all our great cities. Not less than 
254 houses failed in New York in one week. 
All public works were brought to a stand, 
and there was a general state of dismay. 
President Van Buren urged the adoption of 
the independent treasury system, which 
was twice passed in the Senate and defeated 
in the House, but finally became a law near 
the close of his administration. 

Another important measure was the pass- 
age of a pre-emption law, giving actual set- 
tlers the preference in the purchase of 
public lands. The question of slavery, also, 
now began to assume great prominence in 
national politics, and after an elaborate 
anti-slavery speech b}' Mr. Slade, of Ver- 
mont, in the House of Representatives, the 
Southern members withdrew for a separate 
consultation, at which Mr. Rhett, of South 
Carolina, proposed to declare it expedient 
that the Union should be dissolved ; but 
the matter was tided over by the passage 
of a resolution that no petitions or papers 
relating to slavery should be in any way 
considered or acted upon. 



In the Presidential election of 1840 Mr. 
Van Buren was nominated, without opposi- 
tion, as the Democratic candidate, William 
H. Harrison being the candidate of the 
Whig party. The Democrats carried only 
seven States, and out of 294 electoral votes 
only sixty were for Mr. Van Buren, the re- 
maining 234 being for his opponent. The 
Whig popular majority, however, was not 
large, the elections in many of the States 
being very close. 

March 4, 1841, Mr. Van Buren retired 
from the Presidency. From his fine estate 
at Lindenwald he still exerted a powerful 
influence upon the politics of the country. 
In 1844 he was again proposed as the 
Democratic candidate for the Presidency, 
and a majority of the delegates of the 
nominating convention were in his favor ; 
but, owing to his opposition to the pro- 
posed annexation of Texas, he could not 
secure the requisite two-thirds vote. His 
name was at length withdrawn by his 
friends, and Mr. Polk received the nomina- 
tion, and was elected. 

In 1848 Mr. Cass was the regular Demo- 
cratic candidate. A schism, however, 
sprang up in the party, upon the question 
of the permission of slavery in the newly- 
acquired territory, and a portion of the 
party, taking the name of " Free-Soilers," 
nominated Mr. Van Buren. They drew 
away sufficient votes to secure the election 
of General Taylor, the Whig candidate. 
After this Mr. Van Buren retired to his es- 
tate at Kinderhook, where the remainder 
of his life was passed, with the exception of 
a European tour in 1853. He died at 
Kinderhook, July 24, 1862, at the age of 
eigiity years. 

Martin Van Buren was a great and good 
man, and no one will question his right to 
a high position among those who have 
been the successors of Washington in the 
faithful occupancy of the Presidential 
chair. 



(6 



PliESrDBNTS OF THE UXITED STATES. 




WILLIftffl HENRY HftHRISDN. K^^^ 



•A I II I I Tl ' • I I 1 I M' L M l 

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L I A M HENRY 
HARRISON, the 
ninth President of 
the United States, 
I 84 I, was born 
Februarj^ 9, 1773, 
in Charles County, 
Virginia, at Berkeley, the resi- 
dence of his father. Governor 
Benjamin Harrison. He studied 
at Hampden, Sidney College, 
with a view of entering the med- 
ical profession. After graduation 
he went to Philadelphia to study 
medicine under the instruction of 
Dr. Rush. 
George Washington was then President 
3f the United States. The Indians were 
committing fearful ravages on our North- 
western frontier. Young Harrison, either 
lured by the love of adventure, or moved 
by the sufferings of families exposed to the 
most horrible outrages, abandoned his med- 
ical studies and entered the army, having 
obtained a commission of ensign from Pres- 
ident Washington. The first duty assigned 
him was to take a train of pack-horses 
bound to Fort Hamilton, on the Miami 
River, about forty miles from Fort Wash- 
ington. He was soon promoted to the 



rank of Lieutenant, and joined the army 
which Washington had placed under the 
command of General Wayne to prosecute 
more vigorously the war with the In- 
dians. Lieutenant Harrison received great 
commendation from his commanding offi- 
cer, and was promoted to the rank of 
Captain, and placed in command at Fort 
Washington, now Cincmnati, Ohio. 

About this time he married a daughter 
of John Cleves Symmes, one of the fron- 
tiersmen who had established a thriving 
settlement on the bank of the Maumce. 

In 1797 Captain Harrison resigned his 
commission in the army and was appointed 
Secretar}' of the Northwest Territory, and 
ex-officio Lieutenant-Governor, General St. 
Clair being then Governor of the Territory. 
At that time the law in reference to the 
disposal of the public lands was such that 
no one could purchase in tracts less than 
4,000 acres. Captain Harrison, in the 
face of violent opposition, succeeded in 
obtaining so much of a modification of 
this unjust law that the land was sold in 
alternate tracts of 640 and 320 acres. The 
Northwest Territory Vas then entitled 
to one delegate in Congress, and Cap- 
tain Harrison was chosen to fill that of- 
fice. In 1800 he was appointed Governor 




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WILLIAM HENRY HAIiliL^ON. 



S9 



of Indiana Territory and soon after of 
Upper Louisiana. He was also Superin- 
tendent of Indian Affairs, and so well did he 
fulfill these duties that he was four times 
appointed to this office. During his admin- 
istration he effected thirteen treaties with 
the Indians, by which the United States 
acquired 60,000,000 acres of land. In 1804 
he obtained a cession from the Indians of 
all the land between the Illinois River and 
the Mississippi. 

In 18 1 2 he was made Major-General of 
Kentucky militia and Brigadier-Genera! 
m the army, with the command of the 
Northwest frontier. In 1813 he was made 
Major-General, and as such won much re- 
nown by the defense of Fort Meigs, and the 
battle of the Thames, October 5, 1813. In 
1814 he left the army and was employed in 
Indian affairs by the Government. 

In 1816 General Harrison was chosen a 
member of the National House of Repre- 
sentatives to represent the district of Ohio. 
In the contest which preceded his election 
he was accused of corruption in respect to 
the commissariat of the army. Immedi- 
ately upon taking his seat, he called for an 
investigation of the charge. A committee 
was appointed, and his vindication was 
triumphant. A high compliment was paid 
to his patriotism, disinterestedness and 
devotion to the public service. For these 
services a gold medal was presented to him 
with the thanks of Congress. 

In 1819 he was elected to the Senate of 
Ohio, and in 1824, as one of the Presiden- 
tial electors of that State, he gave his vote 
to Henry Clay. In the same year he was 
elected to the Senate of the United States. 
In 1828 he was appointed by President 
Adams minister plenipotentiary to Colom- 
bia, but was recalled by General Jackson 
immediately after the inauguration of the 
latter. 

Upon his return to the United States, 
General Harrison retired to his farm at 



North Bend, Hamilton County, Ohio, six- 
teen miles below Cincinnati, where for 
twelve years he was clerk of the County 
Court. He once owned a distillery, but 
perceiving the sad effects of whisky upon 
the surrounding population, he promptly 
abandoned his business at great pecuniary 
sacrifice. 

In 1836 General Hairison was brought 
forward as a candidate for the Presidency. 
Van Buren was the administration candi- 
date; the opposite party could not unite, 
and four candidates were brought forward. 
General Harrison received seventy-three 
electoral votes without any general concert 
among his friends. The Democratic party 
triumphed and Mr. Van Buren was chosen 
President. In 1839 General Harrison was 
again nominated for the Presidency by the 
Whigs, at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Mr. 
Van Buren being the Democratic candi- 
date. General Harrison received 234 elec- 
toral votes against sixty for his opponent. 
This election is memorable chiefly for the 
then extraordinar}^ means employed during 
the canvass for popular votes. Mass meet- 
ings and processions were introduced, and 
the watchwords "log cabin" and "hard 
cider " were effectually used by the Whigs, 
and aroused a popular enthusiasm. 

A vast concourse of people attended his 
inauguration. His address on that occasion 
was in accordance with his antecedents, and 
gave great satisfaction. A short time after he 
took his seat, he was seized by a pleurisy- 
fever, and after a few days of violent sick- 
ness, died April 4, just one short month after 
his inauguration. His death was universally 
regarded as one of the greatest of National 
calamities. Never, since the death of 
Washington, were there, throughout one 
land, such demonstrations of sorrow. Not 
one single spot can be found to sully his 
fame; and through all ages Americans wili 
pronounce with U^ve and reverence the 
name of William Henry Harrison. 



6o 



PRES/DEXTS OF Tl/E UN /TED STATES. 



:>'?>■^l■: 




HH2HHH 






• '■ "^- - - . - ^^ ■■^ - ->-^Ha ?tfP?rf'r'S} 








OHN TYLER, the tenth 
President of the United 
States, was born in 
Charles City County, 
Virginia, March 29, 1790. 
His father. Judge John 
Tyler, possessed large 
landed estates in Virginia, 
and was one of the most 
distinguished men of his 
da)', filling the offices of 
Speaker of the House of 
Delegates, Judge of the Su- 
preme Court and Governor 
of the State. 
At the early age of twelve 
young John entered William and Mary 
College, and graduated with honor when 
but seventeen years old. He then closely 
applied himself to the study of law, and at 
nineteen years of age commenced the prac- 
tice of his profession. When only twenty- 
one he was elected to a seat in the State 
Legislature. He acted with the Demo- 
cratic party and advocated the measures of 
Jefferson and Madison. For five years he 
was elected to the Legislature, receiving 
nearly the unanimous vote of his county. 

When but twenty-six j-earsof age he was 
elected a member of Congress. He advo- 
cated a strict construction of the Constitu- 
tion and the most careful vigilance over 



State rights. He was soon compelled to 
resign his seat in Congress, owing to ill 
health, but afterward took his seat in the 
State Legislature, where he exerted a 
powerful influence in promoting public 
works of great utility. 

In 1825 Mr. Tyler was chosen Governor 
of his State — a high honor, for Virginia 
had many able men as competitors for 
the prize. His administration was signally 
a successful one. He urged forward inter- 
nal improvements and strove to remove 
sectional jealousies. His popularity secured 
his re-election. In 1827 he was elected 
United States Senator, and upon taking his 
seat joined the ranks of the opposition. He 
opposed the tariff, voted against the bank 
as unconstitutional, opposed all restrictions 
upon slaver}', resisted all projects of inter- 
nal improvements by the General Govern- 
ment, avowed his sympathy with Mr. Cal- 
houn's views f)f nullification, and declared 
that General Jackson, by his opposition to 
the nullifiers, had abandoned the principles 
of the Democratic party. Such was Mr. 
Tyler's record in Congress. 

This hostility tf) Jackson caused Mr. 
Tyler's retirement from the Senate, after 
his election to a second term. He soon 
after removed to Williamsburg for the 
better education of his children, and again 
took his scat in the Legislature. 



JOHN TVLER. 



63 



In 1839 he was sent to the National Con- 
vention at Harrisburg to nominate a Presi- 
dent. General Harrison received a majority 
of votes, much to the disappointment of the 
South, who had wished for Henry Clay. 
In order to concil'ate the Southern Whigs, 
John Tyler was nominated for Vice-Presi- 
dent. Harrison and Tyler were inaugu- 
rated March 4, 1841. In one short month 
from that time President Harrison died, 
and Mr. Tyler, to his own surprise as well 
as that of the nation, found himself an 
occupant of the Presidential chair. His 
position was an exceedingly difficult one, 
as he was opposed to the main principles of 
the party which had brought him into 
power. General Harrison had selected a 
Whig cabinet Should he retain them, and 
thus surround himself with councilors 
whose views were antagonistic to his own? 
or should he turn against the party that 
had elected him, and select a cabinet in 
harmony with himself? This was his fear- 
ful dilemma. 

President Tyler deserves more charity 
than he has received. He issued an address 
to the people, which gave general satisfac- 
tion. He retained the cabinet General 
Harrison had selected. His veto of a bill 
chartering a new national bank led to an 
open quarrel with the party which elected 
him, and to a resignation of the entire 
cabinet, except Daniel Webster, Secretary 
of State. 

President Tyler attempted to conciliate. 
He appointed a new cabinet, leaving out all 
strong party men, but the Whig members 
of Congress were not satisfied, and they 
published a manifesto September 13, break- 
ing off all political relations. The Demo- 
crats had a majoritv in the House ; the 
Whigs in the Senate. Mr. Webster soon 
found it necessary to resign, being forced 
out by the pressure of his Whig friends. 

April 12, 1844, President Tyler concluded, 
through Mr. Calhoun, a treaty for the an- 



nexation ot Texas, which was rejected by 
the Senate ; but he effected his object in the 
closing days of his administration by the 
passage of the joint resolution of March i 

1845. 

He was nominated for the Presidency by 
an informal Democratic Convention, held 
at Baltimore in May, 1844, but soon with- 
drew from the canvass, perceiving that he 
had not gained the confidence of the Demo- 
crats at large. 

Mr. Tyler's administration was particu- 
larly unfortunate. No one was satisfied. 
Whigs and Democrats alike assailed him. 
Situated as he was, it is more than can 
be expected of human nature that he 
should, in all cases, have acted in the wisest 
manner ; but it will probably be the verdict 
of all candid men, in a careful review of his 
career, that John T3'ler was placed in a 
position of such difficulty that he could not 
pursue any course which would not expose 
him to severe censure and denunciation. 

In 1813 Mr. Tyler married Letitia Chris- 
tian, who bore him three sons and three 
daughters, and died in Washington in 1842. 
June 26, 1844, he contracted a second mai-- 
riage with Miss Julia Gardner, of New 
York. He lived in almost complete retire- 
ment from politics until February, 1861, 
when he was a member of the abortive 
" peace convention," held at Washington, 
and was chosen its President. Soon after 
he renounced his allegiance to the United 
States and was elected to the Confederate 
Congress. He died at Richmond, January 
17, 1862, after a short illness. 

Unfortunately for his memor}' the name 
of John Tyler must forever be associated 
with all the misery of that terrible Re- 
bellion, whose cause he openly espoused. 
It is with sorrow that history records that 
a President of the United States died while 
defending the flag of rebellion, which was 
arrayed against the national banner in 
deadly warfare. 



<H 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 







^JT 




_ \iMES KNOX I'OLK, 

%#/^' ■ ''^^ eleventh President of 
•.!./// .V,- jj^^. United States, 1845- 
'49, was born in Meck- 
lenburg County, North 
Carolina, November 2, 
1795. He was the eldest 
son of a family of six sons 
and f( iiir daughters, and was 
a grand-nephew of Colonel 
Thomas I'olk, celebrated in 
connection with the Meck- 
lenburg Declaration of In- 
dependence. 

In 1806 his father, Samuel 
Folk, emigrated with his fam- 
113' two or three hundred miles west to the 
valley of the Duck River. He was a sur- 
veyor as well as farmer, and gradually in- 
creased in wealth until he became one of 
the leading men of the region. 

In the common schools James rapidly be- 
came proficient in all the common branches 
of an English education. In 1813 he was 
sent to Murfreesboro Academy, and in the 
autumn of 181 5 entered the sophomore class 
in the University of North Carolina, at 
Chapel Hill, graduating in 1818. After a 
short season of recreation he went to Nasn- 
ville and entered the law ofifice of Felix 
Grundy. As soon a? he had his finished 



legal studies and been admitted to the bar, 
he returned to Columbia, the shire town of 
Maury County, and opened an office. 

James K. Polk ever adhered to the polit- 
ical faith of his father, which was that of 
a Jeffersonian Republican. In 1823 he was 
elected to the Legislature of Tennessee. As 
a " strict constructionist," he did not think 
that the Constitution empowered the Gen- 
eral Government to carry on a system of 
internal improvements in the States, but 
deemed it important that it should have 
that power, and wished the Constitution 
amended that it might be conferred. Sub- 
sequently, however, he became alarmed lest 
the General Government become so strong 
as to undertake to interfere with slavery. 
He therefore gave all his influence to 
strengthen the State governments, and to 
check the growth of the central power. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss 
Mary Childress, of Rutherford County, Ten- 
nessee. Had some one then whispered to 
him that he was destined to become Presi- 
dent of the United States, and that he must 
select for his companion one who would 
adorn that distinguished station, he could 
not have made a more fitting choice. She 
! was truly a lady of rare beauty and culture. 
j In the fall of 1825 Mr. Polk was chosen 
1 a member of Congress, and was continu- 




-^wfj^v '•" 



JAMES K. POLK. 



67 



ously re-elected until 1839. He then with- 
drew, only that he might accept the 
gubernatorial chair of his native State. 
He was a warm friend of General Jackson, 
who had been defeated in the electoral 
contest by John Quincy Adams. This 
latter gentleman had just taken his seat in 
the Presidential chair when Mr. Polk took 
his seat in the House of Representatives. 
He immediately united himself with the 
opponents of Mr. Adams, and was soon 
regarded as the leader of the Jackson party 
in the House. 

The four years of Mr. Adams' adminis- 
tration passed awa}', and General Jackson 
took tne Presidential chair. Mr. Polk had 
now become a man of great influence in 
Congress, ana was chairman of its most 
important committee — that of Ways and 
Means. Eloquently he sustained General 
Jackson in all his measures — in his hostility 
to internal improvements, to the banks, and 
to the tariff. Eight years of General Jack- 
son's administration passed away, and the 
powers he had wielded passed into the 
hands of Martin Van Buren ; and still Mr. 
Polk remained in the House, the advocate 
of that type of Democracy which those 
distinguished men upheld. 

During five , sessions of Congress Mr. 
Polk was speaker of the House. He per- 
formed his arduous duties to general satis- 
faction, and a unanimous vote of thanks to 
hmi was passed by the House as he with- 
drew, March 4, 1839. He was elected 
Governor by a large majority, and took 
the oath of office at Nashville, October 14, 
1839. He was a candidate for re-election 
in 1841, but was defeated. In the mean- 
time a wonderful revolution had swept 
over the country. W. H. Harrison,the Whig 
candidate, had been called to the Presiden- 
tial chair, and in Tennessee the Whig ticket 
had been carried by over 12,000 majority. 
Under these circumstances Mr. Polk's suc- 
cess was hopeless. Still he canvassed the 



State with his Whig competitor, Mr. Jones, 
traveling in the most friendly manner to- 
gether, often in the same carriage, and at 
one time sleeping in the same bed. Mr. 
Jones was elected by 3.000 majority. 

And now the question of the annexation 
of Texas to our country agitated the whole 
land. When this question became national 
Mr. Polk, as the avowed champion of an- 
nexation, became the Presidential candidate 
of the pro-slavery wing of the Democratic 
party, and George M. Dallas their candi- 
date for the Vice-Presidency. They were 
elected by a large majority, and were in- 
augurated March 4, 1845. 

President Polk formed an able cabinet, 
consisting of James Buchanan, Robert J. 
Walker, William L. Marcy, George Ban 
croft, Cave Johnson and John Y. Mason. 
The Oregon boundary question was settled, 
the Department of the Interior was created, 
the low tariff of 1846 was carried, the 
financial system of the Government was 
reorganized, the Mexican war was con- 
ducted, which resulted in the acquisition of 
California and New Mexico, and had far- 
reaching consequences upon the later fort- 
unes of the republic. Peace was made. 
We had wrested from Mexico territory 
equal to four times the empire of France, 
and five times that of Spain. In the prose- 
cution of this war we expended 20,000 
lives and more than $100,000,000. Of this 
money $15,000,000 were paid to Mexico. 

Declining to seek a renomination, Mr. 
Polk retired from the Presidency March 4, 
1849, when he was succeeded by General 
Zachary Taylor. He retired to Nashville, 
and died there June 19, 1849, i" the fifty- 
fourth year of his age. His funeral was at- 
tended the following day, in Nashville, with 
every demonstration of respect. He left 
no children. Without being possessed of 
extraordinary talent, Mr. Polk was a capable 
administrator of public affairs, and irre- 
proachable in private life. 



OS 



PRESfDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 






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ber 24, 



ACIIARY TAY- 
LOR, the twelfth 
President of the 
United States, 
i849-'50, was born 
in Orange Count)', 
Virginia, Septem- 
1784. His father, 
Richard Taylor, was Colo- 
nel of a Virginia regiment 
in the Revolutionar}' war, 
and removed to Kentucky 
in 1785 ; purchased a large 
plantation near Louisville 
and became an influential cit- 
izen ; was a member of the convention that 
framed the Constitution of Kentucky; served 
in both branches of the Legislature ; was 
Collector of the port of Louisville under 
President Washington ; as a Presidential 
elector, voted for Jefferson, Madison, Mon- 
roe and Clay; died January 19,1829. 

Zachary remained on his father's planta- 
tion until 1808, in which year (May 3) he 
was appointed First Lieutenant in the 
Seventh Infantr}', to fill a vacancy oc- 
casioned by the deatii of his elder brother, 
Hancock. Up to this point he had received 
but a limited education. 

Joining his regiment at New Orleans, he 



was attacked with yellow fever, with nearly 
fatal tcrminatit)n. In November, 1810, he 
was promoted to Captain, and m the sum- 
mer of 181 2 he was in command of Fort 
Harrison, on the left bank of the Wabash 
River, near the present site of Terre Haute, 
his successful defense of which with but a 
handful of men against a large force of 
Indians which had attacked him was one of 
the first marked military achievements of 
the war. He was then brevetted Major, 
and in 1814 promoted to the full rank. 

During the remainder of the war Taylor 
was actively employed on the Western 
frontier. In the peace organization of 181 5 
he was retained as Captain, but soon after 
resigned and settled near Louisville. In 
May, 18 16, however, he re-entered the army 
as Major of the Third Infantry ; became 
Lieutenant-Colonel of the Eigiith Infantry 
in 1819, and in 1832 attained the Colonelcy 
of the First Infantry, of which he had been 
Lieutenant-Colonel since 1S21. On different 
occasions he had been called to Washington 
as member of a military board for organiz- 
ing the militia of the Union, and to aid the 
Government with his knowledge in the 
organization of the Indian Bureau, having 
for many years discharged the duties of 
Indian a"-ent over large tracts of Western 




'T'/CL 




'^^ 



ZA CHA RT TAYLOR. 



country. He served through the Black 
Hawk war in 1832, and in 1837 was ordered 
to take command in Florida, then the scene 
of war with the Indians. 

In 1846 he was transferred to the com- 
mand of the Army of the Southwest, from 
which he was relieved the same year at his 
own request. Subsequently he was sta- 
tioned on the Arkansas frontier at Forts 
Gibbon, Smith and Jesup, which latter work 
nad been built under his direction in 1822. 

May 28, 1845, he received a dispatch from 
the Secretary of War informing him of the 
receipt of information by the President 
"that Texas would shortly accede to the 
terms of annexation," in which event he 
was instructed to defend and protect her 
from "foreign invasion and Indian incur- 
sions." He proceeded, upon the annexation 
of Texas, with about 1,500 men to Corpus 
Christi, where his force was increased to 
some 4,000. 

Taylor was brevetted Major-General May 
28, and a month later, June 29, 1846, his full 
commission to that grade was issued. After 
needed rest and reinforcement, he advanced 
in September on Monterey, which city ca- 
pitulated after three-days stubborn resist- 
ance. Here he took up his winter quarters. 
The plan for the invasion of Mexico, by 
way of Vera Cruz, with General Scott in 
command, was now determined upon by 
the Govenrment, and at the moment Taylor 
was about to resume active operations, he 
received orders to send the larger part of 
his force to reinforce the army of General 
Scott at Vera Cruz. Though subsequently 
reinforced by raw recruits, yet after pro- 
viding a garrison for Monterey and Saltillo 
he had but about 5,300 effective troops, of 
which but 500 or 600 were regulars. In 
this weakened condition, however, he was 
destined to achieve his greatest victory. 
Confidently relying upon his strength at 
Vera Cruz to resist the enemy for a long 
time, Santa Anna directed his entire army 



against Taylor to overwhelm him, and then 
to return to oppose the advance of Scott's 
more formidable invasion. The battle of 
Buena Vista was fought February 22 and 
23, 1847. Taylor received the thanks of 
Congress and a gold medal, and '' Old 
Rough and Ready," the sobriquet given 
him in the army, became a household word. 
He remained in quiet possession of the 
Rio Grande Valley until November, when 
he returned to the United States. 

In the Whig convention which met at 
Philadelphia,June 7, 1848, Taylor was nomi- 
nated on the fourth ballot as candidate :,' 
the Whig party for President, over Henry 
Clay, General Scott and Daniel Webster. 
In November Taylor received a majority 
of electoral votes, and a popular vote of 
1,360,752, against 1,219,962 for Cass and 
Butler, and 291,342 lor Van Buren and 
Adams. General Taylor was inaugurated 
March 4, 1849. 

The free and slave States being then equal 
in number, the struggle for supremacy on 
the part of the leaders in Congress was 
violent and bitter. In the summer of 1849 
California adopted in convention a Consti- 
tution prohibiting slavery within its borders. 
Taylor advocated the immediate admission 
of California with her Constitution, and the 
postponement of the question as to the other 
Territories until they could hold conven- 
tions and decide for themselves whether 
slavery should exist within their borders. 
This policy ultimately prevailed through 
the celebrated " Compromise Measures" of 
Henry Clay ; but not during the life of the 
brave soldier and patriot statesman. July 
5 he was taken suddenly ill with a bilious 
fever, which proved fatal, his death occur- 
ring July 9, 1850. One of his daughters 
married Colonel W. W. S. Bliss, his Adju- 
tant-General and Chief of Staff in Florida 
and Mexico, and Private Secretary during 
his Presidency. Another daughter was 
married to Jefferaon Davis. 



PRF.SrnEXTS OF THE UXITED STATES. 







_a^^^'„ . _ 




Us 



"SS 



ILLARD FILL- 
JO, MORE, the thir- 
'^j teenth President 
of the United 
States, i85o-'3, was 
born in Summer 
Hill, Cayuga 
County, New York, Janu- 
ary 7, 1800. He was of 
New England ancestry, and 
his educational advantages 
were limited. He early 
learned the clothiers' trade, 
but spent all his leisure time 
in study. At nineteen years 
of age he was induced by 
Judge Walter Wood to abandon his trade 
and commence the study of law. Upon 
learning that the young man was entirely 
destitute of means, he took him into his 
own office and loaned him such money as 
he needed. That he might not be heavily 
burdened with debt, young Fillm.ore taught 
school during the winter months, and in 
various other ways helped himself along. 
At the age of twenty-three he was ad- 
mitted to the Court of Common Pleas, and 
commenced the practice of his profession 
in the village of Aurora, situated on the 



eastern bank of the Cayuga Lake. In 1825 
he married Miss Abigail Powers, daughter 
of Rev. Lemuel Powers, a lady of great 
moral worth. In 1825 he took his seat in 
the House of Assembly of his native State, 
as Representative from Erie County, 
whither he had recently moved. 

Though he had never taken a very 
active part in politics his vote and his sym- 
pathies were with the Whig party. The 
State was then Democratic, but his cour- 
tesy, ability and integrity won the respect 
of his associates. In 1832 he was elected 
to a seat in the United States Congress. 
At the close of his term he returned to his 
law practice, and in two years more he was 
again elected to Congress. 

He now began to have a national reputa- 
tion. His labors were very arduous. To 
draft resolutions in the committee room, 
and then to defend them against the most 
skillful opponents on the floor of the House 
requires readiness of mind, mental resources 
and skill in debate such as few possess. 
Weary with these exhausting labors, and 
pressed by the claims of his private affairs, 
Mr. Fillmore wrote a letter to his constitu- 
ents and declined to be a candidate for re- 
election. Notwithstanding this ccmmuni- 



0- 





(^£6a^l? 




c^rz/J 



MILLARD FILLMORE. 



75 



cation his friends met in convention and 
renominated him by acclamation. Though 
gratified by this proof of their appreciation 
of his labors he adhered to his resolve and 
returned to his home. 

In 1847 Mr. Fillmore was elected to the 
important office of comptroller of the State. 
In entering upon the very responsible duties 
which tills situation demanded, it was nec- 
essary for him to abandon his profession, 
and he removed to the city of Albany. In 
this year, also, the Whigs were looking 
around to find suitable candidates for the 
President and Vice-President at the ap- 
proaching election, and the names of Zach- 
ary Taylor and Millard Fillmore became 
tlie rallying cry of the Whigs. On the 4th 
of March, 1849, General Taylor was inaug- 
urated President and Millard Fillmore 
Vice-President of the United States. 

The great question of slavery had as- 
sumed enormous proportions, and perme- 
ated every subject that was brought before 
Congress. It was evident that the strength 
of our institutions was to be severely tried. 
July 9, 1850, President Taylor died, and, by 
the Constitution, Vice-President Fillmore 
became President of the United States. 
The agitated condition of the country 
brought questions of great delicacy before 
him. He was bound by his oath of office 
to e-xecute the laws of the United States. 
One of these laws was understood to be, 
that if a slave, escaping from bondage, 
should reach a free State, the United States 
was bound to do its utmost to capture him 
and return him to his master. Most Chris- 
tian men loathed this law. President Fill- 
more felt bound by his oath rigidly to see 
it enforced. Slavery was organizing armies 
to invade Cuba as it had invaded Texas, 
and annex it to the United States. Presi- 
dent Fillmore gave all the influence of his 
exalted station against the atrocious enter- 
prise. 

Mr. Fillmore had serious difficulties to 



contend with, since the opposition had a 
majority in both Houses. He did every- 
thing in his power to conciliate the South, 
but the pro-slavery party in that section 
felt the inadequency of all measures of tran- 
sient conciliation. The population of the 
free States was so rapidly increasing over 
that of the slave States, that it was inevita- 
ble that the power of the Government 
should soon pass into the hands of the free 
States. The famous compromise measures 
were adopted under Mr. Fillmore's admin- 
istration, and the Japan expedition was 
sent out. 

March 4, 1853, having served one term, 
President Fillmore retired from office. He 
then took a long tour through the South, 
where he met with quite an enthusiastic 
reception. In a speech at Vicksburg, al- 
luding to the rapid growth of the country, 
he said: 

" Canada is knocking for admission, and 
Mexico would be glad to come in, and 
without saying whether it would be right 
or wrong, we stand with open arms to re- 
ceive them; for it is the manifest destiny of 
this Government to embrace the whole 
North American Continent." 

In 1855 Mr. Fillmore went to Europe 
where he was received with those marked 
attentions which his position and character 
merited. Returning to this country in 
1856 he was nominated for the Presidency 
by the "Know-Nothing" party. Mr. Bu- 
chanan, the Democratic candidate was 
the successful competitor. Mr. Fillmore 
ever afterward lived in retirement. Dur- 
ing the conflict of civil war he was mostly 
silent. It was generally supposed, how- 
ever, that his sympathy was with the South- 
ern Confederacy. He kept aloof from the 
conflict without any words of cheer to the 
one party or the other. For this reason 
he was forgotten by both. He died of 
paralysis, in Buffalo, New York, March 8, 
1874. 



76 



PRESrOENTS OF THE UN /TED STATES. 



'§M':\ 



^.^cH^^->. 



^^^^^■pt^ -p Vi^^^ TT;rp ;up^ArJ-p^rJr.>i^-^-;r;T7rrJpT'r.'^-;=r;=' 7^1=r;3-p^ 




FPI]I^LII] PIERCE. 









,, RANKLIN PIERCE, 
'^ the fourteenth Presi- 
dent of the United 
States, was born in 
Hillsborough, New 
Hampshire, Novem- 
ber 23, 1804. His 
father. Governor 
Benjamin Pierce, was a Rev- 
olutionarjr soldier, a man of 
rigid integrity ; was for sev- 
eral years in the State Legis- 
lature, a member of the Gov- 
ernor's council and a General 
of the militia. 
Franklin was the sixth of eight children. 
As a boy he listened eagerly to the argu- 
ments of his father, enforced by strong and 
ready utten'.nce and earnest gesture. It 
was in the days of intense political excite- 
ment, when, all over the New England 
States, Federalists and Democrats were ar- 
rayed so fiercely against each other. 

In 1820 he entered Bowdoin College, at 
Brunswick, Maine, and graduated in 1824, 
and commenced the study of law in the 
office of Judge Woodbury, a very distin- 
guished lawyer, and in 1827 was admitted 
to the bar. He practiced with great success 
in Hillsborough and Concord. He served 



in the State Legislature four years, the last 
two of which he was chosen Speaker of the 
House by a very large vote. 

In 1833 he was elected a member of Con- 
gress. In 1837 he was elected to the United 
States Senate, just as Mr. Van Buren com- 
menced his administration. 

In 1834 he married Miss Jane Means 
Appleton, a lady admirably fitted to adorn 
every station with which her husband was 
honored. Three sons born to them all 
found an early grave. 

Upon his accession to ofhce, President 
Polk appointed Mr. Pierce Attorney-Gen- 
eral of the United States, but the offer was 
declined in consequence of numerous pro- 
fessional engagements at home and the 
precarious state of Mrs. Pierce's health. 
About the same time he also declined the 
nomination for Governor by the Demo- 
cratic party. 

The war with Mexico called Mr. Pierce 
into the arm)'. Receiving the appointment 
of Brigadier-General, he embarked with a 
portion of his troops at Newport, Rhode 
Island, May 27, 1847. He served during 
this war, and distinguished himself by his 
bravery, skill and excellent judgment. 
When he reached his home in his native 
State he was enthusiastically received by 






'^^e^t^:^ 



FRANKLIN PIERCE. 



the advocates of the war, and coldly by its 
opponents. He resumed the practice of his 
profession, frequently taking an active part 
in political questions, and giving his sup- 
port to the pro-slaverv wing of the Demo- 
cratic party. 

June 12, 1852, the Democratic convention 
met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate 
for the Presidenc}-. For four da3-s they 
continued in session, and in thirty-five bal- 
lotmgs no one had received the requisite 
two-thirds vote. Not a vote had been 
thrown thus far for General Pierce. Then 
the Virginia delegation brought forward 
his name. There were fourteen more bal- 
loting's, during which General Pierce 
gained strength, until, at the forty-ninth 
ballot, he received 282 votes, and all other 
candidates eleven. General Winfield Scott 
was the Whig candidate. General Pierce 
was elected with great unanimity. Only 
four States — Vermont, Massachusetts, Ken- 
tucky and Tennessee — cast their electoral 
votes against him. March 4, 1853, he was 
inaugurated President of the United States, 
and William R. Iving, Vice-President. 

President Pierce's cabinet consisted of 
William S. Marcy, James Guthrie, Jefferson 
Davis, James C. Dobbin, Robert McClel- 
land, James Campbell and Caleb Cushing. 

At the demand of slavery the Missouri 
Compromise was repealed, and all the Ter- 
ritories of the Union were thrown open to 
slavery. The Territory of Kansas, west of 
Missouri, was settled by emigrants mainly 
from the North. According to law, they 
were about to meet and decide whether 
slavery or freedom should be the law of 
that realm. Slavery in Missouri and 
other Southern States rallied her armed 
legions, marched them into Kansas, took 
possession of the polls, drove awa}' the 
citizens, deposited their own votes by 
handfuls, went through the farce of count- 
ing them, and then declared that, by an 
overwhelming majority, slavery was estab- 



lished in Kansas. These facts nobody 
denied, and )'et President Pierce's adminis 
t ration felt bound to respect the decision 
obtained by such votes. The citizens of 
Kansas, the majority of whom were free- 
State men, met in convention and adopted 
the following resolve : 

"Resolved, That the body of men who, 
for the past two months, have been passing 
laws for the people of our Territory, 
moved, counseled and dictated to "hy the 
demagogues of other States, are to us a 
foreign body, representing only the lawless 
invaders who elected them, and not the 
people of this Territory ; that we repudiate 
their action as the monstrous consummation 
of an act of violence, usurpation and fraud 
unparalleled in the history of the Union." 

The free-State people of Kansas also sent 
a petition to the General Government, im- 
ploring its protection. In repl}- the Presi- 
dent issued a proclamation, declaring that 
Legislature thus created must be recog- 
nized as the legitimate Legislature of Kan- 
sas, and that its laws were binding upon 
the people, and that, if necessary, the whole 
force of the Governmental arm would be 
put forth to inforce those laws. 

James Buchanan succeeded him in the 
Presidenc)', and, March 4, 1857, President 
Pierce retired to his home in Concord, 
New Hampshire. When the Rebellion 
burst forth Mr. Pierce remained steadfast 
to the principles he had always cherished, 
and gave his sympathies to the pro-slavery 
party, with which he had ever been allied. 
He declined to do anything, either by 
voice or pen, to strengthen the hands of 
the National Government. He resided in 
Concord until his death, which occurred in 
October, i86g. He was one of the most 
genial and social of men, generous to 
a fault, and contributed liberally of his 
moderate means for the alleviation of suf- 
fering and want. He was an honored 
communicant of the Episcopal ohurch. 



>n 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 




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'AMES BUCHANAN, the 
fiftecnlli President of the 
United States. i857-'6i, 
was born in Franklin 
County, Pennsylvania, 
April 23, 1791.' The 
place where his father's 
cabin stood was called 
Stony Batter, and it was 
situated in a wild, romantic 
spot, in a gorge of mount- 
ains, with towering sum- 
mits rising all around. He 
was of Irish ancestry, his 
father having emigrated in- 
'783, with very little prop- 
erty, save his own strong arms. 

James remained in his secluded home for 
eight years enjoying very few social or 
intellectual advantages. His parents were 
industrious, frugal, prosperous and intelli- 
gent. In 1799 his father removed to Mer- 
cersburg, where James was placed in 
school and commenced a course in English, 
Greek and Latin. His progress was rapid 
and in 1801 he entered Dickinson College 
at Carlisle. Here he took his stand among 
the first scholars in the institution, and was 
able to master the most abstruse subjects 
with facility. In 1809 he graduated with 
the highest honors in his class. 

He was then eighteen years of age, tall. 



graceful and in vigorous health, fond oi 
athletic sports, an unerring shot and en- 
livened with an exuberant flow of animal 
spirits. He immediately commenced the 
study of law in the city of Lancaster, and 
was admitted to the bar in 1812. He rose 
very rapidly in his profession and at once 
took undisputed stand with the ablest law- 
yers of the State. When but twenty-six 
years of age, unaided by counsel, he suc- 
cessfully defended before the State Senate 
one of the Judges of the State, who was 
tried upon articles of impeachment. At 
the age of thirty it was generall)' admitted 
that he stood at the head of the bar, and 
there was no lawyer in the State who had 
a more extensive or lucrative practice. 

In 18 1 2, just after Mr. Buchanan had 
entered upon the practice of the law, our 
second war with England occurred. With 
all his powers he sustained the Govern- 
ment, eloquently urging the rigorous pros- 
ecution of the war; and even enlisHng as a 
private soldier to assist in repelling the 
British, who had sacked Washington and 
were threatening Baltimore. He was at 
that time a Federalist, but when the Con- 
stitution was adopted b)* both parties, 
Jefferson truly said, " We are all Federal- 
ists; we are all Republicans." 

The oppos'tion of the Federalists to the 
war with England, and the alien and sedi- 





^77z^ <2y^^C>^^.y^^,.^^ 



JAMES BUCHANAN. 



o? 



tioii laws of John Adams, brought the party 
into dispute, and the name of Federalist 
became a reproach. Mr. Buchanan almost 
immediately upon entering Congress began 
to incline more and more to the Repub- 
licans. In the stormy Presidential election 
of 1824, in which Jackson, Clay, Crawford 
and John Quincy Adams were candidates, 
Mr. Buchanan espoused the cause of Gen- 
eral Jackson and unrelentingly opposed the 
administration of Mr. Adams. 

Upon his elevation to the Presidency, 
General Jackson appointed Mr. Buchanan, 
minister to Russia. Upon his return in 1 833 
he was elected to a seat in the United States 
Senate. He there met as his associates, 
Webster, Clay, Wright and Calhoun. He 
advocated the measui'es proposed by Presi- 
dent Jackson of making reprisals against 
France, and defended the course of the Pres- 
ident in his unprecedented and wholesale 
removals from office of those who were not 
the supporters of his administration. Upon 
this question he was brought into direct col- 
lision with Henry Clay. In the discussion 
of the question respecting the admission of 
Michigan and Arkansas into the Union, Mr. 
Buchanan defined his position by sa3nng: 

" The older I grow, the more I am in- 
clined to be what is called a State-rights 
man." 

M. de Tocqueville, in his renowned work 
upon " Democracy in America," foresaw 
the trouble which was inevitable from the 
doctrine of State sovereignt}' as held by 
Calhoun and Buchanan. He was con- 
vinced that the National Government was 
losing that strength which was essential 
to its own existence, and that the States 
were assuming powers which threatened 
the perpetuity of the Union. Mr. Buchanan 
received the book in the Senate and de- 
clared the fears of De Tocqueville to be 
groundless, and 3'et he lived to sit in the 
Presidential chair and see State after State, 
in accordance with his own views of State 



rights, breaking from the Union, thus 
crumbling our Republic into ruins; while 
the unhappy old man folded his arms in 
despair, declaring that the National Consti- 
tution invested him with no power to arrest 
the destruction. 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the Presi- 
dencv, Mr. Buchanan became Secretary of 
State, and as such took his share of the 
responsibility in the conduct of the Mexi- 
can war. At the close of Mr. Polk's ad- 
ministration, Mr. Buchanan retired to pri- 
vate life; but his intelligence, and his great 
ability as a statesman, enabled him to exert 
a powerful influence in National affairs. 

Mr. Pierce, upon his election to the 
Presidency, honored Mr. Buchanan with 
the mission to England. In the year 1856 
the National Democratic convention nomi- 
nated Mr. Buchanan for the Presidency. 
The political conflict was one of the most 
severe in which our country has ever en- 
gaged. On the 4th of March, 1857, Mr. 
Buchanan was inaugurated President. His 
cabinet were Lewis Cass, Howell Cobb, 
J. B. Floyd, Isaac Toucey, Jacob Thomp- 
son, A. V. Brown and J. S. Black. 

The disruption of the Democratic party, 
in consequence of the manner in which the 
issue of the nationality of slavery was 
pressed by the Southern wing, occurred at 
the National convention, held at Charleston 
in April, i860, for the nomination of Mr. 
Buchanan's successor, when the majority 
of Southern delegates withdrew upon the 
passage of a resolution declaring that the 
constitutional status of slavery should be 
determined b}' the Supreme Court. 

In the next Presidential canvass Abra- 
ham Lincoln was nominated by the oppo- 
nents of Mr. Buchanan's administration. 
Mr. Buchanan remained in Washington 
long enough to see his successor installed 
and then retired to his home in Wheatland. 
He died June i, 1868, aged seventy-seven 
years. 



84 



PRBSrOENTS OF THE UN/TED STATES. 








BRAHAM LIN- 
COLN, the sixteenth 
President of the 
United States, i86i-'5, 
was born February 
tjK^^ 12, 1809, in Larue 
^■^^ (then Hardin) County, 
Kentucky, in a cabin on Nolan 
Creek, three miles west of 
Hudgensville. His parents 
were Thomas and Nancy 
(Hanks) Lincoln. Of his an- 
cestry and early years the little 
that is known may best be 
given in his own language : " My 
parents were both born in Virginia, of un- 
distinguished families — second families, per- 
haps 1 should say. My mother, who died 
in my tenth year, was of a family of the 
name of Hanks, some of whom now remain 
in Adams, and others in Macon County, 
Illinois. My paterna' grandfather, Abra- 
ham Lincoln, emigrated from Rockbridge 
County, Virginia, to Kentucky in 1781 or 
1782, where, a year or two later, he was 
killed by Indians — not in battle, but by 
stealth, when he was laboring to open a 
farm in the forest. His ancestors, who were 
Quakers, went to Virginia from Berks 
County, Pennsylvania. An effort to iden- 



tify them with the New England family of 
the same name ended in nothing more defi- 
nite than a similarity of Christian names in 
both families, such as Enoch, Levi, Mor- 
decai, Solomon, Abraham and the like. 
My father, at the death of his father, was 
but si.x years of age, and he grew up, liter- 
ally, without education. He removed from 
Kentucky to what is now Spencer County, 
Indiana, in my eighth year. We reached 
our new home about the time the State came 
into the Union. It was a wild region, with 
bears and other wild animals still in the 
woods. There I grew to manhood. 

" There were some schools, so called, but 
no qualification was ever required of a 
teacher beyond ' readin', writin', and cipher- 
in' to the rule of three.' If a straggler, sup- 
posed to understand Latin, happened to 
sojourn in the neighborhood, he was looked 
upon as a wizard. There was absolutely 
nothing to excite ambition for education. 
Ot course, when I came of age I did not 
know much. Still, somehow, I could read, 
write and cipher to the rule of three, and 
that was all. I have not been to school 
since. The little advance I now have upon 
this store of education I have picked up 
from time to time under the pressure of 
necessity. I was raised to farm-work, which 




^ 



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ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 



87 



I continued till I was twenty-two. At 
twent3'-one I came to Illinois and passed 
the first year in Macon County. Then I got 
to New Salem, at that time in Sangamon, 
now in Menard County, where I remained 
a year as a sort of clerk in a store. 

" Then came the Black Hawk war, and I 
was elected a Captain of volunteers — a suc- 
cess which gave me more pleasure than any 
I have had since. I went the campaign, 
was elated ; ran for the Legislature the 
same year (1832) and was beaten, the only 
time I have ever been beaten by the people. 
The next and three succeeding biennial 
elections I was elected to the Legislature, 
and was never a candidate afterward. 

" During this legislative period I had 
studied law, and removed to Springfield to 
practice it. In 1846 I was elected to the 
Lower House of Congress; was not a can- 
didate for re-election. From 1849 to 1854, 
inclusive, I practiced the law more assid- 
uously than ever before. Always a Whig 
in politics, and generally on the Whig elec- 
toral tickets, making active canvasses, I was 
losing interest in politics, when the repeal 
of the Missouri Compromise roused me 
again. What I have done since is pretty 
well known." 

The early residence of Lincoln in Indi- 
ana was sixteen miles north of the Ohio 
River, on Little Pigeon Creek, one and a 
half miles east of Gentryville, within the 
present township of Carter. Here his 
mother died October 5, 1818, and the next 
year his father married Mrs. Sally (Bush) 
Johnston, of Eiizabethtown, Kentucky. She 
was an affectionate foster-parent, to whom 
Abraham was indebted for his first encour- 
agement to study. He became an eager 
reader, and the few books owned in the 
vicinity were many times perused. He 
worked frequently for the neighbors as a 
farm laborer ; was for some time clerk in a 
store at Gentryville; and became famous 
throughout that region for his athletic 



powers, his fondness for argument, his in- 
exhaustible fund of humerous anecdote, as 
well as for mock oratory and the composi- 
tion of rude satirical verses. In 1828 he 
made a trading voyage to New Orleans as 
" bow-hand " on a flatboat ; removed to 
Illinois in 1830 ; helped his father build a 
log house and clear a farm on the north 
fork of Sangamon River, ten miles west of 
Decatur, and was for some time employed 
in splitting rails for the fences — a fact which 
was prominently brought forward for a 
political purpose thirty years later. 

In the spring of 185 1 he, with two of his 
relatives, was hired to build a flatboat on 
the Sangamon River and navigate it to 
New Orleans. The boat "stuck" on a 
mill-dam, and was got off with great labor 
through an ingenious mechanical device 
which some years later led to Lincoln's 
taking out a patent for "an improved 
method for lifting vessels over shoals." 
This voyage was memorable for another 
reason — the sight of slaves chained, mal- 
treated and flogged at New Orleans was 
the origin of his deep convictions upon the 
slavery question. 

Returning from this voyage he became a 
resident for several years at New Salem, a 
recently settled village on the Sangamon, 
where he was successively a clerk, grocer, 
surveyor and postmaster, and acted as pilot 
to the first steamboat that ascended the 
Sangamon. Here he studied law, inter- 
ested himself in local politics after his 
return from the Black Hawk war, and 
became known as an effective "stump 
speaker." The subject of his first political 
speech was the improvement of the channel 
of the Sangamon, and the chief ground on 
which he announced himself (1832) a candi- 
date for the Legislature was his advocacy 
of this popular measure, on which subject 
his practical experience made him the high- 
est authority. 

Elected to the Legislature in 1834 as 3 



88 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



" Henry Clay Whig," he rapidly acquired 
that command of language and that homely 
but forcible rhetoric which, added to his 
intimate knowledge of the people from 
which he sprang, made him more than a 
match in debate for his few well-educated 
opponents. 

Admitted to the bar in 1837 ^^ soon 
established himself at Springfield, where 
the State capital was located in 1839, 
largely through his influence ; became a 
successful pleader in the State, Circuit and 
District Courts ; married in 1842 a lady be- 
longing to a prominent family in Lexington, 
Kentucky; took an active part in the Pres- 
idential campaigns of 1840 and 1844 as 
candidate for elector on the Harrison and 
Clay tickets, and in 1846 was elected to the 
United States House of Representatives 
over the celebrated Peter Cartwright. 
During his single term in Congress he did 
not attain any prominence. 

He voted for the reception of anti-slavery 
petitions for the abolition of the slave trade 
in the District of Columbia and for the 
Wilmot proviso ; but was chiefly remem- 
bered for the stand he took against the 
Mexican war. For several years there- 
after he took comparatively little interest 
in politics, but gained a leading position at 
the Springfield bar. Two or three non- 
political lectures and an eulogy on Henry 
Clay (1852) added nothing to his reputation. 

In 1854 the repeal of the Missouri 
Compromise by the Kansas-Nebraska act 
aroused Lincoln from his indifference, and 
in attacking that measure he had the im- 
mense advantage of knowing perfectly well 
the motives and the record of its author, 
Stephen A. Douglas, of Illinois, then popu- 
larly designated as the " Little Giant." The 
latter came to Springfield in October, 1854, 
on the occasion of the State Fair, to vindi- 
cate his policy in the Senate, and the " Anti- 
Nebraska" Whigs, remembering that Lin- 
coln had often measured his strength with 



Douglas in the Illinois Legislature and be- 
fore the Springfield Courts, engaged him 
to improvise a reply. This speech, in the 
opinion of those who heard it, was one of 
the greatest efforts of Lincoln's life ; cer- 
tainly the most effective in his whole career. 
It took the audience by storm, and from 
that moment it was felt that Douglas had 
met his match. Lincoln was accordingly 
selected as the Anti-Nebraska candidate for 
the United States Senate in place of General 
Shields, whose term expired March 4, 1855, 
and led to several ballots; but Trumbull 
was ultimately chosen. 

The second conflict on the soil of Kan- 
sas, which Lincoln had predicted, soon be- 
gan. The result was the disruption of the 
Whig and the formation of the Republican 
party. At the Bloomington State Conven- 
tion in 1856, where the new party first 
assumed form in Illinois, Lincoln made an 
impressive address, in which for the first 
time he took distinctive ground against 
slavery in itself. 

At the National Republican Convention 
at Philadelphia, June 17, after the nomi- 
nation of Fremont, Lincoln was put for- 
ward by the Illinois delegation for the 
Vice-Presidency, and received on the first 
ballot 1 10 votes against 259 for William L 
Dayton. He took a prominent part in the 
canvass, being on the electoral ticket. 

In 1858 Lincoln was unanimously nomi- 
nated by the Republican State Convention 
as its candidate for the United States Senate 
in place of Douglas, and in his speech of 
acceptance used the celebrated illustration 
of a "house divided against itself" on the 
slavery question, which was, perhaps, the 
cause of his defeat. The great debate car- 
ried on aft all the principal towns of Illinois 
between Lincoln and Douglas as rival Sena- 
torial candidates resulted at the time in the 
election of the latter ; but being widely cir- 
culated as a campaign document, it fixed 
the attention of the country upon the 



ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 



89 



former, as the clearest and most convinc- 
ing exponent of Republican doctrine. 

Early in 1859 he began to be named in 
Illinois as a suitable Republican candidate 
for the Presidential campaign of the ensu- 
ing year, and a political address delivered 
at the Cooper Institute, New York, Febru- 
ary 27, i860, followed by similar speeches 
at New Haven, Hartford and elsewhere in 
New England, first made him known to the 
Eastern States in the light by which he had 
long been regarded at home. By the Re- 
publican State Convention, which met at 
Decatur, Illinois, May 9 and 10, Lincoln 
was unanimously endorsed for the Presi- 
dency. It was on this occasion that two 
rails, said to have been split by his hands 
thirty years before, were brought into the 
convention, and the incident contributed 
much to his popularity. The National 
Republican Convention at Chicago, after 
spirited efforts made in favor of Seward, 
Chase and Bates, nominated Lincoln for 
the Presidency, with Hannibal Hamlin 
for Vice-President, at the same time adopt- 
ing a vigorous anti-slavery platform. 

The Democratic party having been dis- 
organized and presenting two candidates, 
Douglas and Breckenrifige, and the rem- 
nant of the " American" party having put 
forward John Bell, of Tennessee, the Re- 
publican victory was an easy one, Lincoln 
being elected November 6 by a large plu- 
rality, comprehending nearly all the North- 
ern States, but none of the Southern. The 
secession of South Carolina and the Gulf 
States was the immediate result, followed 
a few months later by that of the border 
slave States and the outbreak of the great 
civil war. 

The life of Abraham Lincoln became 
thenceforth merged in the history of his 
country. None of the details of the vast 
conflict which filled the remainder of Lin- 
coln's life can here be given. Narrowly 
escaping assassination by avoiding Balti- 



more on his way to the capital, he reached 
Washington February 23, and was inaugu- 
rated President of the United States March 
4, 1 86 1. 

In his inaugural address he said: " I hold, 
that in contemplation of universal law and 
the Constitution the Union of these States is 
perpetual. Perpetuity is implied if not ex- 
pressed in the fundamental laws of all na- 
tional governments. It is safe to assert 
that no government proper ever had a pro- 
vision in its organic law for its own termi- 
nation. I therefore consider that in view 
of the Constitution and the laws, the Union 
is unbroken, and to the extent of my ability 
I shall take care, as the Constitution en- 
joins upon me, that the laws of the United 
States be extended in all the States. In 
doing this there need be no bloodshed or vio- 
lence, and there shall be none unless it be 
forced upon the national authority. The 
power conferred to me will be used to hold, 
occupy and possess the property and places 
belonging to the Government, and to col- 
lect the duties and imports, but beyond 
what may be necessary for these objects 
there will be no invasion, no using of force 
against or among the people anywhere. In 
your hands, my dissatisfied fellow-country- 
men, is the momentous issue of civil war. 
The Government will not assail you. You 
can have no conflict without being your- 
selves the aggressors. You have no oath 
registered in heaven to destroy the Gov- 
ernment, while I shall have the most sol- 
emn one to preserve, protect and defend 
it." 

He called to his cabinet his principal 
rivals for the Presidential nomination — 
Seward, Chase, Cameron and Bates; se- 
cured the co-operation of the Union Demo- 
crats, headed by Douglas ; called out 75.000 
militia from the several States upon the first 
tidings of the bombardment of Fort Sumter, 
April 15; proclaimed a blockade of the 
Southern posts April 19; called an extra 



90 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



session of Congress for July 4, from which 
he asked and obtained 400,000 men and 
$400,000,000 for the war; placed McClellan 
at the head of the Federal army on General 
Scott's resignation, October 31; appointed 
Edwin M. Stanton Secretary of War, Jan- 
uary 14, 1862, and September 22, 1862, 
issued a proclamation declaring the free- 
dom of all slaves in the States and parts of 
States then in rebellion from and after 
January i, 1863. This was the crowning 
act of Lincoln's career — the act by which 
he will be chiefly known through all future 
time — and it decided the war. 

October 16, 1863, President Lincoln called 
for 300,000 volunteers to replace those 
whose term of enlistment had expired ; 
made a celebrated and touching, though 
brief, address at the dedication of the 
Gettysburg military cemetery, November 
19, 1863; commissioned Ulysses S. Grant 
Lieutenant-General and Commander-in- 
Chief of the armies of the United States, 
March 9, 1864; was re-elected President in 
November of the same year, by a large 
majority over General McClellan, with 
Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, as Vice- 
President; delivered a very remarkable ad- 
dress at his second inauguration, March 4, 
1865; visited the army before Richmond the 
same month; entered the capital of the Con- 
federacy the day after its fall, and upon the 
surrender of General Robert E. Lee's army, 
April 9, was actively engaged in devising 
generous plans for the reconstruction of the 
Union, when, on the evening of Good Fri- 
day, April 14, he was shot in his box at 
Ford's Theatre, Washington, byjohn Wilkes 
Booth, a fanatical actor, and expired early 
on the following morning, April 15. Al- 
most simultaneously a murderous attack 
was made upon William H. Seward, Secre- 
tary of State. 

At noon on the isth of April Andrew 



Johnson assumed the Presidency, and active 
measures were taken which resulted in the 
death of Booth and the execution of his 
principal accomplices. 

The funeral of President Lincoln was 
conducted with unexampled solemnity and 
magnificence. Impressive services were 
held in Washington, after which the sad 
procession proceeded over the same route 
he had traveled four years before, from 
Springheld to Washington. In Philadel- 
phia his body lay in state in Independence 
Hall, in which he had declared before his 
first inauguration "that I would sooner be 
assassinated than to give up the principles 
of the Declaration of Independence." He 
was buried at Oak Ridge Cemetery, near 
Springfield, Illinois, on Mav 4, where a 
monument emblematic of the emancipation 
of the slaves and the restoration of the 
Union mark his resting place. 

The leaders and citizens of the expiring 
Confederacy expressed genuine indignation 
at the murder of a generous political adver- 
sary. Foreign nations took part in mourn- 
ing the death of a statesman who had proved 
himself a true representative of American 
nationality. The freedmen of the South 
almost worshiped the memor}' of their de- 
liverer; and the general sentiment of the 
great Nation he had saved awarded him a 
place in its affections, second only to that 
held by Washington. 

The characteristics of Abraham Lincoln 
have been familiarly known throughout the 
civilized world. His tall, gaunt, ungainly 
figure, homely countenance, and his shrewd 
mother-wit, shown in his celebrated con- 
versations overflowing in humorous and 
pointed anecdote, combined with an accu- 
rate, intuitive appreciation of the questions 
of the time, are recognized as forming the 
best type of a period of American history 
now rapidly passing away. 




c 




yxju^y 




VI- 



ANDREW yOHNSOM. 



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NDREW JOHNSON, 

the seventeenth Presi- 
dent of the United 
States, 1865-9, was 
born at Raleigh, 
North Carolina, De- 
c em b e r 29, 1808. 
His father died when 
he was four years old, and in 
his eleventh year he was ap- 
prenticed to a tailor. He nev- 
er attended school, and did 
not learn to read until late in 
his apprenticeship, when he 
suddenl}' acquired a passion for 
obtaining knowledge, and devoted 
all his spare time to reading. 

After working two years as a journey- 
man tailor at Lauren's Court-House, South 
Carolina, he removed, in 1826, to Green- 
ville, Tennessee, where he worked at his 
trade and married. Under his wife's in- 
structions he made rapid progress in his 
education, and manifested such an intelli- 
gent interest in local politics as to be 
elected as " workingmen's candidate " al- 
derman, in 1828, and mayor in 1830, being 
twice re-elected to each office. 

During this period he cultivated his tal- 
ents as a public speaker by taking part in a 



debating society, consisting largely of stu- 
dents of Greenville College. In 1835, and 
again in 1839, he was chosen to the lower 
house of the Legislature, as a Democrat. 
In 1841 he was elected State Senator, and 
in 1843, Representative in Congress, being 
re-elected four successive periods, until 
'853, when he was chosen Governor of 
Tennessee. In Congress he supported the 
administrations of Tyler and Polk in their 
chief measures, especially the annexation 
of Texas, the adjustment of the Oregon 
boundary, the Mexican war, and the tariff 
of 1846. 

In 1855 Mr. Johnson was reelected Gov- 
ernor, and in 1857 entered the United 
States Senate, where he was conspicuous 
as an advocate of retrenchment and of the 
Homestead bill, and as an opponent of the 
Pacific Railroad. He was supported by the 
Tennessee delegation to the Democratic 
convention in i860 for the Presidential 
nomination, and lent his influence to the 
Breckenridge wing of that part3\ 

When the election of Lincoln had 
brought about the first attempt at secession 
in December, i860, Johnson took in the 
Senate a firm attitude for the Union, and 
in May, 1861, on returning to Tennessee, 
he was in imminent peril of suffering from 



94 



PRES/DEXTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



popular violence for his loyalty to the " old 
flag." He was the leader of the Loyalists" 
convention of East Tennessee, and during 
the following winter was very active in or- 
ganizing relief for the destitute loyal refu- 
gees from that region, his own family being 
among those compelled to leave. 

By his course in this crisis Johnson came 
prominently before the Northern public, 
and when in March, 1862, he was appointed 
by President Lincoln military Governor of 
Tennessee, with the rank of Brigadier-Gen- 
eral, he increased in popularity by the vig- 
orous and successful manner in which he 
labored to restore order, protect Union 
men and punish marauders. On the ap- 
proach of the Presidential campaign of 1864, 
the termination of the war being plainly 
foreseen, and several Southern States being 
partially reconstructed, it was felt that the 
Vice-Presidency should be given to a South- 
ern man of conspicuous loyalty, and Gov- 
ernor Johnson was elected on the same 
platform and ticket as President Lincoln; 
and on the assassination of the latter suc- 
ceeded to the Presidency, April 15, 1865. 
In a public speech two days later he said: 
"The American people must be taught, if 
they do not already feel, that treason is a 
crime and must be punished; that the Gov- 
ernment will not always bear with its ene- 
mies; that it is strong, not only to protect, 
but to punish. In our peaceful history 
treason has been almost unknown. The 
people must understand that it is the black- 
est of crimes, and will be punished." He 
then added the ominous sentence: " In re- 
gard to my future course, I make no prom- 
ises, no pledges." President Johnson re- 
tained the cabinet of Lincoln, and exhibited 
considerable severity toward traitors in his 
earlier acts and speeches, but he soon inaug- 
urated a policy of reconstruction, proclaim- 
ing a general amnesty to the late Confeder- 
ates, and successively establishing provis- 
ional Governments in the Southern States. 



These States accordingly claimed represen- 
tation in Congress in the following Decem- 
ber, and the momentous question of what 
should be the policy of the victorious Union 
toward its late armed opponents was forced 
upon that body. 

Two considerations impelled the Repub- 
lican majority to reject the policy of Presi. 
dent Johnson: First, an apprehension that 
the chief magistrate intended to undo the re- 
sults of the war in regard to slaver}; and, sec- 
ond, the sullen attitude of the South, which 
seemed to be plotting to regain the policy 
which arms had lost. The credentials of the 
Southern members elect were laid on the 
table, a civil rights bill and a bill extending 
the sphere of the Freedmen's Bureau were 
passed over the executive veto, and the two 
highest branches of the Government were 
soon in open antagonism. The action of 
Congress was characterized b}- the Presi- 
dent as a " new rebellion." In July the 
cabinet was reconstructed, Messrs. Randall, 
Stanburv and Browning taking the places 
of Messrs. Denison, Speed and Harlan, and 
an unsuccessful attempt was made by 
means of a general convention in Philadel- 
phia to form a new part}' on the basis of the 
administration policy. 

In an excursion to Chicago for the pur- 
p(jse of laying a corner-stone of the monu- 
ment to Stephen A. Douglas, President 
Johnson, accompanied by several members 
of the cabinet, passed through Philadelphia, 
New York and Albany, in each of which 
cities, and in other places along the route, 
he made speeches justif}ing and ex[)laining 
his own policy, and violently denouncing 
the action of Congress. 

August 12, 1867, President Johnson re- 
moved the Secretary of War, replacing 
] him by General Grant. Secretary Stanton 
retired under protest, based upon the ten- 
ure-of-office act which had been passed the 
preceding March. The President then is- 
sued a proclamation declaring the insurrcc- 



A NDRE W yOHNSOK. 



9i 



tion at an end, and that " peace, order, tran- 
quility and civil authority existed in and 
throughout the United States." Another 
proclamation enjoined obedience to the 
Constitution and the laws, and an amnesty 
was published September 7, relieving nearly 
all the participants in the late Rebellion 
from the disabilities thereby incurred, on 
condition of taking the oath to support the 
Constitution and the laws. 

In December Congress refused to confirm 
the removal of Secretary Stanton, who 
thereupon resumed the exercise of his of- 
fice; but February 21, 1868, President 
Johnson again attempted to remove him, 
appointing General Lorenzo Thomas in his 
place. Stanton refused to vacate his post, 
and was sustained by the Senate. 

February 24 the House of Representa- 
tives voted to impeach the President for 
" high crime and misdemeanors," and March 
5 presented eleven articles of impeachment 
on the ground of his resistance to the exe- 
cution of the acts of Congress, alleging, in 
addition to the offense lately committed, 
his public expressions of contempt for Con- 
gress, in " certain intemperate, inflamma- 
tory and scandalous harangues" pronounced 
in August and September, 1866, and there- 
after declaring that the Thirty-ninth Con- 
gress of the United States was not a 
competent legislative body, and denying 
its power to propose Constitutional amend- 
ments. March 23 the impeachment trial 
began, the President appearing by counsel, 
and resulted in acquittal, the vote lacking 



one of the two-thirds vote required for 
conviction. 

The remainder of President Johnson's 
term of office was passed without any such 
conflicts as might have been anticipated. 
He failed to obtain a nomination for re- 
election by the Democratic party, though 
receiving sixty-five votes on the first ballot. 
July 4 and December 25 new proclamations 
of pardon to the participants in the late 
Rebellion were issued, but were of little 
effect. On the accession of General Grant 
to the Presidency, March 4, 1869, Johnson 
returned to Greenville, Tennessee. Unsuc- 
cessful in 1870 and 1872 as a candidate re- 
spectively for United States Senator and 
Representative, he was finally elected to the 
Senate in 1875, and took his seat in the extra 
session of March, in which his speeches 
were comparatively temperate. He died 
July 31, 1875, and was buried at Green- 
ville. 

President Johnson's administration was a 
peculiarly unfortunate one. That he should 
so soon become involved in bitter feud with 
the Republican majority in Congress was 
certainly a surprising and deplorable inci- 
dent; yet, in reviewing the circumstances 
altera lapse of so many years, it is easy to 
find ample room for a charitable judgment 
of both the parties in the heated contro- 
versy, since it cannot be doubted that any 
President, even Lincoln himself, had he 
lived, must have sacrificed a large portion 
of his popularity in carrying out ai«y pos- 
sible scheme of reconstruction. 



96 



PHESIDEIVTS OF THE UN/TED STATES. 




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LYSSES SIMPSON 
GRANT, the eight- 
eenth President of the 
United States, i86g-'77, 
was born April 27, 1822, 
at Point Pleasant, 
^^f: Clermont County, 
Ohio. His father was of Scotch 
descent, and a dealer in leather. 
At the age of seventeen he en- 
tered the Military Academy at 
West Point, and four jears later 
graduated twent3'-first in a class 
of thirty-nine, receiving the 
commission of Brevet Second 
Lieutenant. He was assigned 
to the Fourth Infantry and re- 
mained in the army eleven years. He was 
engaged in every battle of the Mexican war 
except that of Buena Vista, and received 
two brevets for gallantry. 

In 1848 Mr. Grant married Julia,daughter 
of Frederick Dent, a prominent merchant of 
St. Louis, and in 1854, having reached the 
grade of Captain, he resigned his commis- 
sion in the army. For several years he fol- 
lowed farming near St. Louis, but unsuc- 
cessfully ; and in i860 he entered the leather 
trade with his father at Galena, Illinois. 

When the civil war broke out in 1861, 
Grant was thirty-nine years of age, but en- 
tirely unknown to public men and without 



any personal acquaintance with great affairs. 
President Lincoln's first call for troops was 
made on the 15th of April, and on the 19th 
Grant was drilling a company of volunteers 
at Galena. He also offered his services to 
the Adjutant-General of the arm}-, but re- 
ceived no reply. The Governor of Illinois, 
however, emplo3'ed him in the organization 
of volunteer troops, and at the end of five 
weeks he was appointed Colonel of the 
Twenty-first Infantry. He took command 
of his regiment in June, and reported first 
to General Pope in Missouri. His superior 
knowledge of military life rather surprised 
his superior officers, who had never before 
even heard of him, and they were thus led 
to place him on the road to rapid advance- 
ment. August 7 he was commissioned a 
Brigadier-General of volunteers, the ap- 
pointment having been made without his 
knowledge. He had been unanimously 
recommended by the Congressmen from 
Illinois, not one of whom had been his 
personal acquaintance. For a few weeks 
he was occupied in watching the move- 
ments of partisan forces in Missouri. 

September i he was placed in command 
of the District of Southeast Missouri, with 
headquarters at Cairo, and on the 6th, with- 
out orders, he seized Paducah, at the mouth 
of the Tennessee River, and commanding 
tlic navigation both of that stream and 0/ 




-^-7^ 



ULrSSES S. G/fA.Vr. 



99 



the Ohio. This stroke secured Kentucky 
to the Union ; for the State Legislature, 
which had until then affected to be neutral, 
at once declared in favor of the Govern- 
ment. In November following, according 
to orders, he made a demonstration about 
eighteen miles below Cairo, preventing the 
crossing of hostile troops into Missouri ; 
but in order to accomplish this purpose he 
had to do some fighting, and that, too, with 
only 3,000 raw recruits, against 7,000 Con- 
federates. Grant carried off two pieces of 
artillery and 200 prisoners. 

After repeated applications to General 
Halleck, his immediate superior, he was 
allowed, in February, 1862, to move up the 
Tennessee River against Fort Henry, in 
conjunction with a naval force. The gun- 
boats silenced the fort, and Grant immedi- 
ately made preparations to attack Fort 
Donelson, about twelve miles distant, on 
the Cumberland River. Without waiting 
for orders he moved his troops there, and 
with 15,000 men began the siege. The 
fort, garrisoned with 21,000 men, was a 
strong one, but after hard fighting on three 
successive days Grant forced an " Uncon- 
ditional Surrender " (an alliteration upon 
the initials of his name). The prize he capt- 
ured consisted of sixty-five cannon, 17,600 
small arms and 14,623 soldiers. About 4,- 
000 of the garrison had escaped in the night, 
and 2,500 were killed or wounded. Grant's 
entire loss was less than 2,000. This was the 
first important success won by the national 
troops during the war, and its strategic re- 
sults were marked, as the entire States of 
Kentucky and Tennessee at once fell into the 
National hands. Our hero was made a 
Major-General of Volunteers and placed in 
command of the District of West Ten- 
nessee. 

In March, 1862, he was ordered to move 
up the Tennessee River toward Corinth, 
where the Confederates were concentrat- 
ing a large army ; but he was directed not 



to attack. His forces, now numbering 38.- 
000, were accordingly encamped near Shi- 
loh, or Pittsburg Landing, to await the 
arrival of General Buell with 40,000 more; 
but April 6 the Confederates came out from 
Corinth 50,000 strong and attacked Grant 
violently, hoping to overwhelm him before 
Buell could arrive ; 5,000 of his troops were 
beyond supporting distance, so that he was 
largely outnumbered and forced back to the 
river, where, however, he held out until 
dark, when the head of Buell's column 
came upon the field. The next day the 
Confederates were driven back to Corinth, 
nineteen miles. The loss was heavy on 
both sides ; Grant, being senior in rank to 
Buell, commanded on both days. Two 
days afterward Halleck arrived at the front 
and assumed command of the army. Grant 
remaining at the head of the right wing and 
the reserve. On May 30 Corinth was 
evacuated by the Confederates. In July 
Halleck was made General-in-Chief, and 
Grant succeeded him in command of the 
Department of the Tennessee. September 
19 the battle of luka was fought, where, 
owing to Rosecrans's fault, only an incom- 
plete victory was obtained. 

Next, Grant, with 30,000 men, moved 
down into Mississippi and threatened Vicks- 
burg, while Sherman, with 40,000 men, was 
sent by way of the river to attack that place 
in front ; but, owing to Colonel Murphy's 
surrendering Holly Springs to the Con- 
federates, Grant was so weakened that he 
had to retire to Corinth, and then Sherman 
failed to sustain his intended attack. 

In January, 1863, General Grant took 
command in person of all the troops in the 
Mississippi Valley, and spent several months 
in fruitless attempts to compel the surrender 
or evacuation of Vicksburg; but July 4, 
following, the place surrendered, with 31,- 
600 men and 172 cannon, and the Mississippi 
River thus fell permanently into the hands 
of the Government. Grant was made a 



PRESJDENTS OF I HE UN /TED UTATbS. 



Major-General in the regular armv, and in 
October following he was placed in com- 
mand of the Division of the Mississippi. 
The same month he went to Chattanoojja 
and saved the Army of the Cumberland 
from starvation, and drove Bragg from that 
part of the country. This victory over- 
threw the last important hostile force west 
of the Alleghanies and opened the way for 
the National armies into Georgia and Sher- 
man's march to the sea. 

The remarkable series of successes which 
Grant had now achieved pointed him out 
as the appropriate leader of the National 
armies, and accordingly, in Februar}', 1864, 
the rank of Lieutenant-General was created 
for him by Congress, and on March 17 he 
assumed command of the armies of the 
United States. Planning the grand final 
campaign, he sent Sherman into Georgia, 
Sigel into the valley of Virginia, and Butler 
to capture Richmond, while he fought his 
own way from the Rapidan to the James. 
The costl}' but victorious battles of the 
Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North Anna and 
Cold Harbor were fought, more for the 
purpose of annihilating Lee than to capture 
any particular point. In June, 1864, the 
siege of Richmond was begun. Sherman, 
meanwhile, was marching and fighting daily 
in Georgia and steadily advancing toward 
Atlanta; but Sigel had been defeated in the 
valley of Virginia, and was superseded bv 
Hunter. Lee sent Early to threaten the Na- 
tional capital ; whereupon Grant gathered 
up a force which he placed under Sheridan, 
and that commander rapidl}^ drove Early, 
inasuccessionof battles, through the valley 
of Virginia and destroyed his army as an 
organized force. The siege of Richmond 
went on, and Grant made numerous attacks, 
but was only partially successful. The 
people of the North grew impatient, and 
even the Government advised him to 
abandon the attempt to take Richmond or 
crush the Confederacy in that way ; but he 



never wavered. He resolved to ' fight it 
out on that line, if it took all summer." 

By September Sherman had made his 
way to Atlanta, and Grant then sent him 
on his famous " march to the sea," a route 
which the chief had designed six months 
before. He made Sherman's success possi- 
ble, not only by holding Lee in front of 
Richmond, but also by sending reinforce- 
ments to Thomas, who then drew off and 
defeated the only army which could have 
confronted Sherman. Thus the latter was 
left unopposed, and, with Thomas and Sheri- 
dan, was used in the furtherance of Grant's 
plans. Each executed his part in the great 
design and contributed his share to the re- 
sult at which Grant was aiming. Sherman 
finally reached Savannah, Schofield beat 
the enemy at Franklin, Thomas at Nash- 
ville, and Sheridan wherever he met him ; 
and all this while General Grant was hold- 
ing Lee, with the principal Confederate 
army, near Richmond, as it were chained 
and helpless. Then Schofield was brought 
from the West, and Fort Fisher and Wil- 
mington were captured on the sea-coast, so 
as to afford him a foothold ; from here he 
was sent into the interior of North Caro- 
lina, and Sherman was ordered to move 
northward to join him. When all this was 
effected, and Sheridan could find no one else 
to fight in the Shenandoah Valley, Grant 
brought the cavalry leader to the front of 
Richmond, and, making a last effort, drove 
Lee from his entrenchments and captured 
Richmond. 

At the beginning of the final campaign 
Lee had collected 73,000 fighting men in 
the lines at Richmond, besides the local 
militia and the gunboat crews, amounting 
to 5,000 more. Including Sheridan's force 
Grant had i io,ooo men in the works before 
Petersburg and Richmond. Petersburg fell 
on the 2d of April, and Richmond on the 
3d, and Lee fled in the direction of Lynch- 
burg. Grant pursued with remorseless 



l/LrSSES S. GRANT. 



energy, only stopping to strike fresh blows, 
and Lee at last found himself not only out- 
fought but also out-marched and out-gen- 
eraled. Being completely surrounded, he 
surrendered on the glh of April, 1865, at 
Appomattox Court-House, in the open field, 
with 27,000 men, all that remained of his 
army. This act virtually ended the war. 
Thus, in ten days Grant had captured 
Petersburg and Richmond, fought, by his 
subordinates, the battles of Five Forks and 
Sailor's Creek, besides numerous smaller 
ones, captured 20,000 men in actual battle, 
and received the surrender of 27,000 more 
at Appomattox, absolutely annihilating an 
army of 70,000 soldiers. 

General Grant returned at once to Wash- 
ington to superintend the disbandment of 
the armies, but this pleasurable work was 
scarcely begun when President Lincoln was 
assassinated. It had doubtless been in- 
tended to inflict the same fate upon Grant; 
but he, fortunately, on account of leaving 
Washington early in the evening, declined 
an invitation to accompany the President 
to the theater where the murder was com- 
mitted. This event made Andrew Johnson 
President, but left Grant by far the most 
conspicuous figure in the public life of the 
country. He became the object of an en- 
thusiasm greater than had ever been known 
in America. Every possible honor was 
heaped upon him ; the grade of General 
was created for him by Congress; houses 
were presented to him by citizens ; towns 
were illuminated on his entrance into them ; 
and, to cap the clima.x, when he made his 
tour around the world, "all nations did him 
honor" as they had never before honored 
a foreigner. 

The General, as Commander-in-Chief, 
was placed in an embarrassing position by 
the opposition of President Johnson to the 
measures of Congress ; but he directly man- 
ifested his characteristic loyalty by obeying 
Congress rather than the disaffected Presi- 



dent, although for a short time he had 
served in his cabinet as Secretary of War. 

Of course, everybody thought of General 
Grant as the next President of the United 
States, and he was accordingly elected as 
such in 1868 "by a large majority," and 
four years later re-elected by a much larger 
majority — the most overwhelming ever 
given b}^ the people of this country. His first 
administration was distinguished by a ces- 
sation of the strifes which sprang from the 
war, by a large reduction of the National 
debt, and by a settlement of the difficulties 
with England which had grown out of the 
depredations committed by privateers fit- 
ted out in England during the war. This 
last settlement was made by the famous 
" Geneva arbitration," which saved to this 
Government $1 5,000,000, but, more than all, 
prevented a war with England. " Let us 
have peace," was Grant's motto. And this 
is the most appropriate place to remark 
that above all Presidents whom this Gov- 
ernment has ever had. General Grant was 
the most non-partisan. He regarded the 
Executive office as purely and exclusively 
executive of the laws of Congress, irrespect- 
ive of " politics." But every great man 
has jealous, bitter enemies, a fact Grant 
was well aware of. 

After the close of his Presidency, our 
General made his famous tour around the 
world, already referred to, and soon after- 
ward, in company with Ferdinand Ward, 
of New York City, he engaged in banking 
and stock brokerage, which business was 
made disastrous to Grant, as well as to him- 
self, by his rascality. By this time an in- 
curable cancer of the tongue developed 
itself in the person of the afflicted ex- 
President, which ended his unrequited life 
July 23, 1885. Thus passed away from 
earth's turmoils the man, the General, who 
was as truly the " father of this regenerated 
country" as was Washington the father ot 
the infant nation. 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNI TED STATES. 









UTHERFORD BIRCH- 
ARD HAYES, the nine- 
teenth President of 
the United States, 
i877-'8i, was born in 
J^ Delaware, Ohio, Oc- 
vTi tober 4, 1822. His 
ancestry can be traced as far 
back as 1280, when Hayes and 
Rutherford were two Scottish 
cliieftains fighting side by side 
with BaHol, WilUam Wallace 
and Robert Bruce. Both fami- 
lies belonged to the nobility, 
owned extensive estates and had 
a large following. The Hayes 
family had, for a coat of-arms, a 
shield, barred and surmounted by a flying 
eagle. There was a circle of stars about 
the eagle and above the shield, while on a 
scroll underneath the shield was inscribed 
the motto, " Recte." Misfortune overtaking 
the family, George Hayes left Scotland in 
1680, and settled in Windsor, Connecticut. 
He was an industrious worker in wood and 
iron, having a mechanical genius and a cul- 
tivated mind. His son George was born 
in Windsor and remained there during his 
life. 

Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, married 
Sarah Lee, and lived in Simsbury, Con- 




necticut. Ezekiel, son of Daniel, was born 
in 1724, and was a manufacturer of scythes 
at Bradford, Connecticut. Rutherford 
Hayes, son of Ezekiel and grandfather of 
President Hayes, was born in New Haven, 
in August, 1756. He was a famous black- 
smith and tavern-keeper. He immigrated to 
Vermont at an unknown date, settling in 
Brattleboro where he established a hotel. 
Here his son Rutherford, father of Presi- 
dent Hayes, was born. In September, 1813, 
he married Sophia Birchard, of Wilming- 
ton, Vermont, whose ancestry on the male 
side is traced back to 1635, to John Birch- 
ard, one of the principal founders of Nor- 
wich. Both of her grandfathers were 
soldiers in the Revolutionary war. 

The father of President Hayes was of a 
mechanical turn, and could mend a plow, 
knit a stocking, or do almost anything that 
he might undertake. He was prosperous 
in business, a member of the church and 
active in all the benevolent enterprises of 
the town. After the close of the war of 1 8 1 2 
he immigrated to Ohio, and purchased a 
farm near the present town of Delaware. 
His family then consisted of his wife and 
two children, and an orphan girl whom he 
had adopted. 

It was in 1817 that the family arrived at 
Delaware. Instead of settling upon his 




^yL^C<^.i 




.lyt^U^j-^ 



RUTHERFORD B. HAYES. 



toS 



farm, Mr. Hayes concluded to enter into 
business in the village. He purchased an 
interest in a distillery, a business then as re- 
spectable as it was profitable. His capital 
and recognized ability assured him the 
highest social position in the communitj. 
He died July 22, 1822, less than three 
months before the birth of the son that was 
di^stined to fill the office of President of the 
United States. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period was very weak, 
and the subject of this sketch was so feeble 
at birth that he was not expected to live 
beyond a month or two at most. As the 
months went by he grew weaker and weaker 
so that the neighbors were in the habit of 
inquiring from time to time "if Mrs. 
Hayes's baby died last night." On one oc- 
casion a neighbor, who was on friendly 
terms with the family, after alluding to the 
boy's big head and the mother's assiduous 
care of him, said to her, in a bantering way, 
"That's right! Stick to him. You have 
got him along so far, and I shouldn't won- 
der if he would really come to something 
yet." " You need not laugh," said Mrs. 
Hayes, " \'Ou wait and see. You can't tell 
but I shall make him President of the 
United States yet." 

The boy lived, in spite of the universal 
predictions of his speedy death; and when, 
in 1825, his elder brother was drowned, he 
became, if possible, still dearer to his mother. 
He was seven years old before he was 
placed in school. His education, however, 
was not neglected. His sports were almost 
wholly within doors, his playmates being 
his sister and her associates. These circum- 
stances tended, no doubt, to foster that 
gentleness of disposition and that delicate 
consideration for the feelings of others 
which are marked traits of his character. 
At school he was ardently devoted to his 
studies, obedient to the teacher, and care- 
ful to avoid the quarrels in which many of 
his schoolmates were involved. He was 



always waiting at the school-house door 
when it opened in the morning, and never 
late in returning to his seat at recess. His 
sister Fannie was his constant companion, 
and their affection for each other excited 
the admiration of their friends. 

In 1838 )'Oung Hayes entered Kenyon 
College and graduated in 1842. He then 
began the study of law in the office of 
Thomas Sparrow at Columbus. His health 
was now well established, his figure robust, 
his mind vigorous and alert. In a short 
time he determined to enter the law school 
at Cambridge, Massachusetts, where for 
two years he pursued his studies with great 
diligence. 

In 1845 lis was admitted to the bar at 
Marietta, Ohio, and shortly afterward went 
into practice as an attorney-at-law with 
Ralph P. Buckland, of Fremont. Here he 
remained three years, acquiring but limited 
practice, and apparently unambitious o( 
distinction in his profession. His bachelor 
uncle, Sardis Birchard, who had always 
manifested great interest in his nephew and 
rendered him assistance in boyhood, was 
now a wealth)^ banker, and it was under- 
stood that the young man would be his 
heir. It is possible that this expectation 
ma}' have made Mr. Hayes more indifferent 
to the attainment of wealth than he would 
otherwise have been, but he was led into no 
extravagance or vices on this account. 

In 1849 ^^ removed to Cincinnati where 
his ambition found new stimulus. Two 
events occurring at this period had a pow- 
erful influence upon his subsequent life. 
One of them was his marriage to Miss 
Lucy Ware Webb, daughter of Dr. James 
Webb, of Cincinnati; the other was his 
introduction to the Cincinnati Literary 
Club, a body embracing such men as Chief 
Justice Salmon P. Chase, General John 
Pope and Governor Edward F. Noyes. 
The marriage was a fortunate one as every- 
body knows. Not one of all the wives of 



lo6 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



our Presidents was more universally ad- 
mired, reverenced and beloved than is Mrs. 
Hayes, and no one has done more than she 
to reflect honor upon American woman- 
hood. 

In 1856 Mr. Hayes was nominated to the 
office of Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas, but declined t& accept the nomina- 
tion. Two years later he was chosen to the 
office of City Solicitor. 

In 1861, when the Rehellion broke out, 
he was eager to take up arms in the defense 
of his country. His military life was 
bright and illustrious. June 7, 1861, he 
was appointed Major of the Twenty-third 
Ohio Infantry. In July the regiment was 
sent to Virginia. October 15, 1861, he was 
made Lieutenant-Colonel of his regiment, 
and in August, 1862, was promoted Colonel 
of the Seventy-ninth Ohio Regiment, but 
refused to leave his old comrades. He was 
wounded at the battle of South Mountain, 
and suffered severely, being unable to enter 
upon active duty for several weeks. No- 
vember 30, 1862, he rejoined his regiment as 
its Colonel, having been promoted Octo- 
ber 15. 

December 25, 1862, he was placed in com- 
mand of the Kanawha division, and for 
meritorious service in several battles was 
promoted Brigadier-General. He was also 
brevetted Major-General for distinguished 



services in 1864. He was wounded lout 
times, and five horses were shot from 
under him. 

Mr. Hayes was first a Whig in politics, 
and was among the first to unite with the 
Free-Soil and Republican parties. In 1864 
he was elected to Congress from che Sec- 
ond Ohio District, which had always been 
Democratic, receiving a majority of 3,098. 
In 1866 he was renominated for Congress 
and was a second time elected. In 1867 he 
was elected Governor over Allen G. Thur- 
man, the Democratic candidate, and re- 
elected in 1869. In 1874 Sardis Birchard 
died, leaving his large estate to General 
Hayes. 

In 1876 he was nominated for the Presi- 
dency. His letter of acceptance excited 
the admiration of the whole country. He 
resigned the office of Governor and retired 
to his home in Fremont to await the result 
of the canvass. After a hard, long contest 
he was inaugurated March 5, 1877. His 
Presidency was characterized by compro- 
mises with all parties, in order to please as 
many as possible. The close of his Presi- 
dential term in 1881 was the close of his 
public life, and since then he has remained 
at his home in Fremont, Ohio, in Jefferso- 
nian retirement from public notice, in strik- 
ing contrast with most others of the world's 
notables. 



yAMES A. Garfield. 



109 




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'AMES A. GARFIELD, 
twentieth President of 
the United States, 1881, 
was born November 19, 
1 83 1, in the wild woods 
o f Cuyahoga Count}-, 
Ohio. His parents were 
Abram and EHza (Ballou) 
Garfield, who were of New 
England ancestry. The 
senior Garfield was an in- 
'' dustrious farmer, as the 
rapid improvements which 
appeared on his place at- 
tested. The residence was 
the familiar pioneer log cabin, 
and the household comprised the parents 
and their children — Mehetable, Thomas, 
Mary and James A. In Ma}', 1833, the 
father died, and the care of the house- 
hold consequently devolved upon young 
Thomas, to whom James was greatly in- 
debted for the educational and other ad- 
vantages he enjoyed. He now lives in 
Michigan, and the two sisters live in Solon, 
Ohio, near their birthplace. 

As the subject of our sketch grew up, he, 
too, was industrious, both in mental and 
physical labor. He worked upon the farm, 
or at carpentering, or chopped wood, or at 
any other odd job that would aid in support 
of the family, and in the meantime made the 



most of his books. Ever afterward he was 
never ashamed of his humble origin, nor for- 
got the friends of his youth. The poorest 
laborer was sure of his sympathy, and he 
always exhibited the ch^acter of a modest 
gentleman. 

Until he was about sixteen years of age, 
James's highest ambition was to be a lake 
captain. To this his mother was strongly 
opposed, but she finally consented to his 
going to Cleveland to carry out his long- 
cherished design, with the understanding, 
however, that he should try to obtain some 
other kind of employment. He walked all 
the way to Cleveland, and this was his first 
visit to the city. After making many ap- 
plications for work, including labor on 
board a lake vessel, but all in vain, he 
finallv engaged as a driver for his cousin, 
Amos Letcher, on the Ohio & Pennsyl- 
vania Canal. In a short time, however, he 
quit this and returned home. He then at- 
tended the seminary at Chester for about 
three years, and next he entered Hiram In- 
stitute, a school started in 1850 by the 
Disciples of Christ, of which church he was 
a member. In order to pay his way he 
assumed the duties of janitor, and at times 
taught school. He soon completed the cur- 
riculum there, and then entered Williams 
College, at which he graduated in 1856, 
taking one of the highest honors of his class. 



no 



PRESfDEvTS OP THE VfflTED STATES. 



Afterward he returned to Hiram as Presi- 
dent. In his youthful and therefore zealous 
piety, he exercised his talents occasionally 
as a preacher of the Gospel. He was a 
man of strong moral and religious convic- 
tions, and as soon as he began to look into 
politics, he saw innumerable points that 
could be improved. He also studied law, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1859. 
November 11, 1858, Mr. Garfield married 
Miss Lucrctia Rudolph, who ever after- 
ward proved a worthy consort in all the 
stages of her husband's career. They had 
seven children, five of whom are still living. 

It was in 1859 that Garfield made his 
first political speeches, in Hiram and the 
neighboring villages, and three years later 
he began to speak at county mass-meetings, 
being received everywhere with popular 
favor. He was elected to the State Senate 
this year, taking his seat in January, i860. 

On the breaking out of the war of the 
Rebellion in 1861, Mr. Garfield resolved to 
fight as he had talked, and accordingly he 
enlisted to defend the old flag, receiving 
his commission as Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
Forty-second Regiment of the Ohio Volun- 
teer Infantr)', August 14, that year. He 
was immediately thrown into active service, 
and before he had ever seen a gun fired in 
action he was placed in command of four 
regiments of infantry and eight companies 
of cavalr}', charged with the work of driv- 
ing the Confederates, headed by Humphrey 
Marshall, from his native State, Kentucky. 
This task was speedily accomplished, al- 
though against great odds. On account of 
his success, President Lincoln commissioned 
him Brigadier-General, January 11, 1862; 
and, as he had been the youngest man in 
the Ohio Senate two years before, so now 
he was the youngest General in the army. 
He was with General Buell's army at Shi- 
loh, also in its operations around Corinth 
and its march through Alabama. Next, he 
was detailed as a member of the general 



court-martial for the trial of General Fitz- 
John Porter, and then ordered to report to 
General Rosecians, when he was assigned 
to the position of Chief of Staff. His mili- 
tary history closed with his brilliant ser- 
vices at Chickamauga, where he won the 
stars of Major-General. 

In the fall of 1862, without any effort on 
his part, he was elected as a Representative 
to Congress, from that section of Ohio 
which had been represented for sixty years 
mainly by two men — Elisha Whittlesey and 
Joshua R. Giddings. Again, he was the 
youngest member of that body, and con- 
tinued there by successive re-elections, as 
Representative or Senator, until he was 
elected President in 1880. During his life 
in Congress he compiled and published by 
his speeches, there and elsewhere, more 
information on the issues of the day, espe- 
cially on one side, than any other member. 

June 8, 1880, at the National Republican 
Convention held in Chicago, General Gar- 
field was nominated for the Presidency, in 
preference to the old war-horses, Blaine 
and Grant ; and although many of the Re- 
publican party felt sore over the failure of 
their respective heroes to obtain the nomi- 
nation. General Garfield was elected by a 
fair popular majority. He was duly in- 
augurated, but on Jul}' 2 following, before 
he had fairl)' got started in his administra- 
tion, he was fatally shot by a half-demented 
assassin. After very painful and protracted 
suffering, he died September 19, 1881, la- 
mented by all the American people. Never 
before in the history of this country had 
anything occurred which so nearly froze 
the blood of the Nation, for the moment, as 
the awful act of Guiteau, the murderer. 
He was duly tried, convicted and put to 
death on the gallows. 

The lamented Garfield was succeeded by 
the Vice-President, General Arthur, who 
seemed to endeavor to carry out the policy 
inaugurated by his predecessor. 



CMBSTEIi A. ARTHUR. 



"3 






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HESTER ALLEN 
ARTHUR, the twen- 
ty-first Chief Execu- 
tive of this growing 
republic, i88i-'5, was 
born in Franklin 
County, Vermont, 
October 5, 1830, the eldest of a 
family of two sons and five 
daughters. His father, Rev. 
Dr. William Arthur, a Baptist 
clergyman, immigrated to this 
country from County Antrim, 
Ireland, in his eighteenth year, 
and died in 1875, in Newton- 
ville, near Albany, New York, 
after serving many years as a successful 
minister. Chester A. was educated at that 
old, conservative institution. Union Col- 
lege, at Schenectady, New York, where he 
excelled in all his studies. He graduated 
there, with honor, and then struck out in 
life for himself by teaching school for about 
two years in his native State. 

At the expiration of that time young 
Arthur, with $500 in his purse, went to the 
city of New York and entered the law office 
of ex-Judge E. D. Culver as a student. In 
due time he was admitted to the bar, when 
he formed a partnership with his intimate 



friend and old room-mate, Henry D. Gar. 
diner, with the intention of practicing law 
at some point in the West ; but after spend- 
ing about three months in the Westen 
States, in search of an eligible place, they 
returned to New York City, leased a room, 
exhibited a sign of their business and al- 
most immediately enjoyed a paying patron- 
age. 

At this stage of his career Mr. Arthur's 
business prospects were so encouraging 
that he concluded to take a wife, and ac- 
cordingly he married the daughter of Lieu- 
tenant Herndon, of the United States Navy, 
who had been lost at sea. To the widow 
of the latter Congress voted a gold medal, 
in recognition of the Lieutenant's bravery 
during the occasion in which he lost his 
life. Mrs. Artnur died shortly before her 
husband's nomination to the Vice-Presi- 
dency, leaving two children. 

Mr. Arthur obtained considerable celeb- 
rity as an attorney in the famous Lemmon 
suit, which was brought to recover posses- 
sion of eight slaves, who had been declared 
free by the Superior Court of New York 
City. The noted Charles O'Conor, who 
was nominated by the " Straight Demo- 
crats" in 1872 for the United States Presi- 
dency, was retained by Jonathan G. Lem- 



tU 



PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



mori; of Virginia, to recover the negroes, 
but he lost the suit. In this case, however, 
Mr. Arthur was assisted by William M. 
Evarts, now United States Senator. Soon 
afterward, in 1856, a respectable colored 
woman was ejected from a street car in 
New York City. Mr. Arthur sued the car 
company in her behalf and recovered $500 
damages. Immediately afterward all the 
car companies in the city issued orders to 
their employes to admit colored persons 
upon their cars. 

Mr. Arthur's political doctrines, as well 
as his practice as a lawyer, raised him to 
prominence in the party of freedom; and 
accordingly he was sent as a delegate to 
the first National Republican Convention. 
Soon afterward he was appointed Judge 
Advocate for the Second Brigade of the 
State of New York, and then Engineer-in- 
Chief on Governor Morgan's staff. In 1861, 
the first year of the war, he was made In- 
spector-General, and next, Quartermaster- 
General, in both which offices he rendered 
great service to the Government. After 
the close of Governor Morgan's term he 
resumed the practice of law, forming first a 
partnership with Mr. Ransom, and subse- 
quently adding Mr. Phelps to the firm. 
Each of these gentlemen were able law3'ers. 

November 21, 1872, General Arthur was 
appointed Collector of the Port of New 
York by President Grant, and he held the 
office until Jul}^ 20, 1878. 

The next event of prominence in General 
Arthur's career was his nomination to the 
V ice-Presidency of the United States, under 
the influence of Roscoe Conkling, at the 
National Republican Convention held at 
Chicago in June, 1880, when James A. Gar- 
field was placed at the head of the ticket. 
Both the convention and the campaign that 
followed were noisy and exciting. The 
iriends of Grant, constituting nearly half 



the convention, were exceedinglv persist- 
ent, and were sorely disappointed over 
their defeat. At the head of the Demo- 
cratic ticket was placed a ver}' strong and 
popular man ; yet Garfield and Arthur were 
elected by a respectable plurality of the 
popular vote. The 4th of March following, 
these gentlemen were accordingly inaugu- 
rated ; but within four months the assassin's 
bullet made a fatal wound in the person of 
General Garfield, whose life terminated 
September 19, 1881, when General Arthur, 
ex officio, was obliged to take the chief 
reins of government. Some misgivings 
were entertained by many in this event, as 
Mr. Arthur was thought to represent espe 
cially the Grant and Conkling wing of the 
Republican party ; but President Arthur 
had both the ability and the good sense to 
allay all fears, and he gave the restless, 
critical American people as good an ad- 
ministration as they had ever been blessed 
with. Neither selfishness nor low parti- 
sanisni ever characterized any feature of 
his public service. He ever maintained a 
high sense of every individual right as well 
as of the Nation's honor. Indeed, he stood 
so high that his successor. President Cleve- 
land, though of opposing politics, expressed 
a wish in his inaugural address that he 
could only satisfy the people with as good 
an administration. 

But the da}- of civil service reform had 
come in so far, and the corresponding re- 
action against "third-termism" had en- 
croached so far even upon "second-term" 
service, that the Republican party saw fit 
in 1884 to nominate another man for Presi- 
dent. Only by this means was General 
Arthur's tenure of office closed at Wash- 
ington. On his retirement from the Presi- 
dency, March, 1885, he engaged in the 
practice of law at New York City, where be 
died November 18, 18SG. 




'>7 



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GKOVER CLEVELAND. 



117 



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ROVER CLEVE- 
LAND, the twenty- 
second President of the 
United States, 1885—, 
was born in Caldwell, 
Essex County, New 
Jersey, March 18, 
. The house in which he 
born, a small two-story 
wooden buildings, is still stand- 
ing-. It was the parsonage of 
the Presbyterian church, of 
which his father, Richard 
Cleveland, at the time was 
pastor. The family is of New 
England origin, and for two centuries has 
contributed to the professions and to busi- 
ness, men who have reflected honor on the 
name. Aaron Cleveland, Grover Cleve- 
land's great-great-grandfather, was born in 
Massachusetts, but subsequently moved to 
Philadelphia, where he became an intimate 
friend of Benjamin Franklin, at whose 
house he died. He left a large family of 
children, who in time married and settled 
in different parts of New England. A 
grandson was one of the small American 
force that fought the British at Bunker 
Hill. He served with gallantry through- 
out the Revolution and was honorably 
discharged at its close as a Lieutenant in 
the Continental army. Another grandson, 
William Cleveland (a son of a second Aaron 






Cleveland, who was distinguished as a 
writer and member of the Connecticut 
Legislature) was Grover Cleveland's grand- 
father. William Cleveland became a silver- 
smith in Norwich, Connecticut. He ac- 
quired by industry some property and sent 
his son, Richard Cleveland, the father of 
Grover Cleveland, to Yale College, where 
he graduated in 1824. During a year spent 
in teaching at Baltimore, Maryland, after 
graduation, he met and fell in love with a 
Miss Annie Neale, daughter of a wealthy 
Baltimore book publisher, of Irish birth. 
He was earning his own way in the world 
at the time and was unable to marry; but 
in three years he completed a course of 
preparation for the ministry, secured a 
church in Windham, Connecticut, and 
married Annie Neale. Subsequently he 
moved to Portsmouth, Virginia, where he 
preached for nearly two years, when he 
was summoned to Caldwell, New Jersey, 
where was born Grover Cleveland. 

When he was three years old the family 
moved to Fayetteville, Onondaga County, 
New York. Here Grover Cleveland lived 
until he was fourteen years old, the rugged, 
healthful life of a country boy. His frank, 
generous manner made him a favorite 
among his companions, and their respect 
was won by the good qualities in the germ 
which his manhood developed. He at- 
tended the district school of the villasre and 



ii8 



PRE$rDE!^TS OF THE UNITED STATES. 



was for a short time at the academy. His 
lather, however, believed that boj'S should 
be taught to labor at an early age, and be- 
fore he had completed the course of study 
at the academy he began to work in the 
village store at $50 for the first year, and the 
promise of $100 for the second year. His 
work was well done and the promised in- 
crease of pay was granted the second year. 

Meanwhile his father and family had 
moved to Clinton, the seat of Hamilton 
College, where his father acted as agent to 
the Presbyterian Board of Home Missions, 
preaching in the churches of the vicinity. 
Hither Grover came at his father's request 
shortly after the beginning of his second 
year at the Fayetteville store, and resumed 
his studies at the Clinton Academy. After 
three years spent in this town, the Rev. 
Richard Cleveland was called to the vil- 
lage church of Holland Patent. He had 
preached here only a month when he was 
suddenly stricken down and died without 
an hour's warning. The death of the father 
left the family in straitened circumstances, 
as Richard Cleveland had spent all his 
salary of $1,000 per year, which was not 
required for the necessary expenses of liv- 
ing, upon the education of his children, of 
whom there were nine, Grover being the 
fifth. Grover was hoping to enter Hamil- 
ton College, but the death of his father 
made it necessary for him to earn his own 
livelihood. For the first year (i853-'4) he 
acted as assistant teacher and bookkeeper in 
the Institution for the Blind in New York 
City, of which the late Augustus Schell was 
for many years the patron. In the winter 
of 1854 he returned to Holland Patent 
where the generous people of that place, 
Fayetteville and Clinton, had purchased a 
home for his mother, and in the following 
spring, borrowing $25, he set out for the 
West to earn his living. 

Reaching Buffalo he paid a hasty visit to 
an uncle, Lewis F. Allen, a well-known 



stock farmer, living at Black Rock, a tew 
miles distant. He communicated his plans 
to Mr. Allen, who discouraged the idea of 
the West, and finally induced the enthusi- 
astic boy of seventeen to remain with him 

I and help him prepare a catalogue of blooded 
short-horn cattle, knownas " Allen's Amer- 
ican Herd Book," a publication familiar to 
all breeders of cattle. In August, 1855, he 
entered the law office of Rogers, Bowen 
t*i Rogers, at Buffalo, and after serving a 

I few months without pay, was paid $4 a 
week — an amount barely sufficient to meet 

I the necessary e.xpenses of his board in the 
family of a fellow-student in Buffalo, with 
whom he took lodgings. Life at this time 
with Grover Cleveland was a stern battle 
with the world. He took his breakfast bv 
candle-light with the drovers, and went at 
once to the office where the whole day was 
spent in work and study. Usually he re- 
turned again at night to resume reading 
which had been interrupted by the duties 
of the day. Gradually his employers came 
to recognize the ability, trustworthiness 
and capacit)' for hard work in their young 
em[)loye, and by the time he was admitted 
to the bar (1859) he stood high in their con- 
fidence. A year later he was made confi- 
dential and managing clerk, and in the 
course of three years more his salary had 
been raised to $1,000. In 1863 he was ap- 
pointed assistant district attorney of Erie 
County by the district attorney, the Hon. 
C. C. Torrance. 

Since his first vote had been cast in 1858 
he had been a staunch Democrat, and until 
he was chosen Governor he alwa\s made 
it his duty, rain or shine, to stand at the 
polls and give out ballots to Democratic 
voters. During the first year of his term 
as assistant district attorney, the Democrats 
desired especially to carry the Board of Su- 
pervisors. The old Second Ward in which 
he lived was Republican- ordinarily by 250 
majority, but at the urgent request of the 



G ROVER CLEVELAND. 



119 



party Grover Cleveland consented to be 
the Democratic candidate for Supervisor, 
and came within thirteen votes of an elec- 
tion. The three years spent in the district 
attorney's office were devoted to assiduous 
;abor and the extension of his professional 
attainments. He then formed a law part- 
nership with the late Isaac V. Vanderpoel, 
ex-State Treasurer, under the firm name 
of Vanderpoel & Cleveland. Here the bulk 
of the work devolved on Cleveland's shoul- 
ders, and he soon won a good standing at 
the bar of Erie County. In 1869 Mr. 
Cleveland formed a partnership with ex- 
Senator A. P. Laning and e.K-Assistant 
United States District Attorney Oscar Fol- 
som, under the firm name of Laning, Cleve- 
land & Folsom. During these years he 
began to earn a moderate professional in- 
come; but the larger portion of it was sent 
to his mother and sisters at Holland Patent 
to whose support he had contributed ever 
since i860. He served as sheriff of Erie 
County, i870-'4, and then resumed the 
practice of law, associating himself with the 
Hon. Lyman K. Bass and Wilson S. Bissell. 



The firm was strong and popular, and soon 
commanded a large and lucrative practice. 
Ill health forced the retirement of Mr. Bass 
in 1879, and the firm became Cleveland & 
Bissell. In 1881 Mr. George J. Sicard was 
added to the firm. 

In the autumn election of 1881 he was 
elected mayor of Buffalo by a majority of 
over 3,5oo^the largest majority ever given 
a candidate for mayor^and the Democratic 
city ticket was successful, although the 
Republicans carried Buffalo by over 1,000 
majority for their State ticket. Grover 
Cleveland's administration as mayor fully 
justified the confidence reposed in him by 
the people of Buffalo, evidenced by the 
great vote he received. 

The Democratic State Convention met 
at Syracuse, September 22, 1882, and nomi- 
nated Grover Cleveland for Governor 
on the third ballot and Cleveland was 
elected by 192,000 majority. In the fall ot 
1 884 he was elected President of the United 
States by about 1,000 popular majority, 
in New York State, and he was accordingly 
inaugurated tiie4tli of March following. 



PRESIDENTS OF T/fE CXTTED STATES. 




rS)(a^5^$Vs==JL_ 



^==.«^€^„ 



BENJAMIN HAI^I^ISON. 







ENJAMIN HARRISOK, 

the twenty-third Presi- 
dent of the United States, 
1889, was boru at North 
Bend, Hamilton County, 
Ohio, in the house of his 
grandfather, William Hen- 
ry Harrison (who was the 
ninth President of this 
country), August 20th, 
1833. He is a descendant 
of one of the historical 
fam.ilies of this country, as 
also of England. The 
head of tiie family was a 
Major-General Harrison 
who was devoted to the cause of Oliver 
Cromwell. It became the duty of this Har- 
rison to participate in tlie trial of Charles 1. 
and afterward to sign the death warrant of 
the king, which subsequently cost him his 
life. His enemies succeeding to power, he 
was condemned and executed October 13th, 
1660. His descendants came to America, 
and the first mention made in history of the 
Harrison family as representative in public 
affairs, is that of Benjamin Harrison, great- 
grandfather of our present President, who 
was a member of the Continental Congress, 
1774^-5-6, and one of the original signers of 



the Declaration of Independence, and three 
times Governor of Virginia. Ilis son, AVill- 
iam Henry Harrison, made a brilliant mili- 
tary record, was Governor of the Northwest 
Territory, and the ninth President of the 
United States. 

The subject of this sketch at an early age 
became a student at Farmers College, where 
he remained two years, at the end of which 
time he entered Miami University, at Ox- 
ford, Ohio. Upon graduation from said seat 
of learning he entered, as a student, the of- 
fice of Stover & Gwyne, a notable law firm at 
Cincinnati, Ohio, where he applied himself 
closely to the study of his chosen profession, 
and here laid the foundation for the honora- 
ble and famous career before him. He spent 
two years with the firm in Cincinnati, at the 
expiration of which time he received the 
only inheritance of his life, which was a lot 
left him by an aunt, which he sold for $800. 
This sum he deemed sufficient to justify him 
in marrying the lady of his choice, and to 
whom he was then engaged, a daughter of 
Dr. Scott, then Principal of a female school 
at Oxford, Ohio. 

After marriage he located at Indianapolis, 
Indiana, where he began the practice of law. 
Meeting with slight encouragement he made 
but little the first year, but applied himself 





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<^l^'^9^-'?v<^''Si-(S^^-Xyo 



BENJAMIN HARRISON. 



1=3 



closely to his business, and by perseverance, 
honorable dealing and an upright life, suc- 
ceeded in building up an extensive practice and 
took a leading position in the legal profession. 

In 1860 he was nominated for the position 
of Supreme Court Reporter for the State of 
Indiana, and then began his experience as a 
stump speaker. He canvassed the State 
thoroughly and was elected. 

In 1862 his patriotism caused him to 
abandon a civil office and to offer his country 
his services in a military capacity. He or- 
ganized the Seventieth Indiana Infantry and 
was chosen its Colonel. Although his regi- 
ment was composed of raw material, and he 
practically void of military schooling, he at 
once mastered military tactics and drilled his 
men, so that when he with his regiment was 
assigned to Gen. Sherman's command it was 
known as one of the best drilled organ- 
izations of the army. He was especially 
distinguished for bravery at the battles of 
Rosacea and Peach Tree Creek. For his 
bravery and efficiency at the last named bat- 
tle he was made a Brigadier-deneral, Gen- 
eral Hooker speaking of him in the most 
complimentary terms. 

While General Harrison was actively en- 
gaged in the Held the Supreme Court declared 
the office of Supreme Court Reporter vacant, 
and another person was elected to fill the 
position. From the time of leaving Indiana 
with his regiment for the front, until the fall 
of 1864, General Harrison had taken no leave 
of absence. But having been nominated 
that year for the same office that he vacated 
in order to serve his country where he could 
do the greatest good, he got a thirty-day leave 
of absence, and during that time canvassed 
the State and was elected for another term as 
Supreme Court Reporter. He then started 
to rejoin his command, then with General 
Sbennau in the South, but was stricken down 



with fever and after a very trying siege, made 
his way to the front, and participated in the 
closing scenes and incidents of the war. 

In 1868 General Harrison declined a re- 
election as Reporter, and applied himself to 
the practice of his profession. He was a 
candidate for Governor of Indiana on the 
Republican ticket in 1876. Although de- 
feated, the brilliant campaign brought him 
to public notice and gave him a National 
reputation as an able and formidable debater 
and he was much sought in the Eastern 
States as a public speaker. He took an act- 
ive part in the Presidential campaign of 
1880, and was elected to the United States 
Senate, where he served six years, and was 
known as one of the strongest debaters, as 
well as one of the ablest men and best law- 
yers. When his term expired in the Senate 
he resumed his law practice at Indianapolis, 
becoming the head of one of the strongest 
law firms in the State of Indiana. 

Sometime prior to the opening of the 
Presidential campaign of 1888, the two great 
political parties (Republican and Democratic) 
drew the line of political battle on the ques- 
tion of tariff, which became the leading issue 
and the rallying watchword during the mem- 
orable camp ul^'u. The Republicans appealed 
to the people for their voice as to a tariff to 
protect home industries, while the Democrats 
wanted a tariff for revenue only. The Re- 
publican convention assembled in Chicago in 
June and selected Mr. Harrison as their 
standard bearer on a platform of ] rinciples, 
among other important clauses being that of 
protection, which he cordially indorsed in 
accepting the nomination. November 6, 
1888, after a heated canvass. General Harri- 
son was elected, defeating Grover Cleveland, 
who was again the nominee of the Demo- 
cratic party. He was inaugurated and as- 
sumed the duties of his office March 4, 1889. 



La Crosse, Trempealeau, 



-AND 



Buffalo Counties. 



fW. LOSEY, senior member of the law 
firm of Losej & Woodward, was born in 
** Honesdale, Pennsylvania, December 
30, 1834, and is a son of Ebenezer T. and 
Lucy M. (Walton) Losey. He received his 
literary education in tlie common schools of 
Honesdale, the Honesdale Academj', and at 
Amherst College, where he was a student in 
1854 and 1855. In May, 1856, he came to 
La Crosse, and studied law in the ofBce of 
Denison & Lyndes; he was admitted to 
the bar in October, 1857, and at the election 
of the November following he was chosen 
District Attorney; he was re-elected in 1859, 
and in 1860 he was elected City Attorney of 
La Crosse. Upon the dissolution of the firm 
of Denison & Lyndes, Mr. Losey became 
the junior partner, tlio relationship continuing 
until 1861, when the law firm of Cameron 
& Losey was established. They conducted 
a successful business until 1889, when Mr. 
Cameron withdrew, and the present firm of 
Losey & Woodward was formed. 

Mr. Losey has been very closely identi- 
fied with the history of I^ia Crosse, and is a 
citizen in whom rests the confidence of the 
entire community. An able lawyer, pos- 

10 



sessing the rare gift of eloquence and persua- 
sive power, it is not strange that he soon 
came to be regarded as a most powerful ally, 
as well as a dangerous opponent. He has 
been loyal to every interest of La Crosse, 
and is an ardent supporter of home industry. 
It was through his exertions that the city 
came into the possession of the beautiful 
cemetery which furnishes a resting-place for 
the remains of the deceased. He has been 
active in the establishment of the water 
facilities and the various lighting processes 
already in operation. He served twelve 
years on the Board of Aldermen, where he 
was a valuable and honored counselor. He 
owns a fine legal ybrary, and has never lost 
the "student attitude." He was married in 
La Crosse in 1859, to Miss Florence T. Leh- 
man, a native of Gerinany. Six children have 
been born of this union: Mary, the wife of 
S. F. Easton; Fannie, Josephine and Joseph 
Walton, Two died in infancy. 

Mr. Losey is general attorney of the Chi- 
cago, Burlington & Northern Railroad, and 
was formerly the general attorney for the 
Southern Minnesota Railroad until it was 
bought by the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. 



126 



BIOORAPJIICA L UISTOR Y. 



Paul Railroad. He has beeu local attorney 
for the latter road for the past twenty years. 
Politically he affiliates with the Democratic 
party. 



— ^€^:i)^'^ — 

lOMINICK MADER, brick manufact- 
nrer, La Crosse, Wisconsin. — Mr. Mader 
is another of the many prominent citi- 
zens of foreign birth now residing in the 
county, and as a successful business man is 
well known. He was born in Germany, to 
the union of David and Mary (Sehalk) Mader, 
and came with his parents to the United 
States in 1853. They settled in the town of 
Shelby, rented a farm in Mormon Cooly, and 
after working that for two years the father 
bought forty acres in section 11, which he im- 
mediately began to improve. He bought 
160 acres adjoining and thus becanie tiie 
owner of 200 acres of rich land. He erected 
a large stone house, barns and otiier buildings, 
and was quite wealthy at the time of liis 
death, wliich occurred in 1880. His widow 
is still living, is seventy-six years of age, and 
is a resident of La Crosse. Mr. Dominick 
Mader bought the brick yard in La Crosse in 
1878 and has manufactured brick since that 
time, turning out from eight to ten hun- 
dred thousand each season, and selling tiiera 
in La Crosse. He is a self-made man wiio 
h:is procured a good income from his busi- 
ness. He is popular among his neighbors 
and is one of the influential citizens. 

Mr. Mader was married in 1887, to Miss 
Mary Suhling, daughter of August and Mary 
Suhling. natives of Germany, who came to 
the United States at an early date. The 
father is still living and makes his home 
with his son-in law, Mr. Mailer. The mother 
died at the age of sixty years. Mr. and 
Mrs. Mader are tlie parents of five children: 



Arthur, August, Henry, Dominick and Mary 
Louisa, all at home. The family are mem- 
bers of the Catholic Chnrch at La Crosse. Mr. 
Mader has held nearly all the offices of the 
town and filled them in a very satisfactory 
manner, as might be expected. He has been 
Clerk of his school district continuously for 
the last fourteen years. He has a good, 
commodious two-story brick dwelling and has 
large barns and sheds to cover millions of 
brick. He also owns one store building 
in La Crosse and is a popular representative 
of the energetic, wide-awake business man, 
which element has done and is doing so much 
for the advancement of the material interests 
of the city. 



.«jEV. FATHER AMBROSE MURPHY, 
K pastor of the St. James Catholic Church, 
corner of Caledonia and Windsor streets. 
La Crosse, Wisconsin, is a native of New 
Brunswick, born September 2, 1862. He is 
one of a family of nine children born to 
William and Catherine (Brown) Murphy, 
who are also natives of New Brunswick. 
The children are named as follows: Mary 
Ellen and Margaret Ann are both deceased; 
William has finished his course at the La 
Crosse Business College; Mary Paulina is a 
music teacher in the convent at La Crosse, 
where she is known as Sister Thaddea; 
Ellen Martina is in school; Leo is deceased; 
Charles and Clara are also attending school. 
When Father Murphy was a child of 
three years his parents removed to Chippewa 
Falls, Wisconsin, where he received his ele- 
mentary education. He began his classical 
work under Dr. Goldsmith, now deceased, 
and afterward entered St. Francis Seminary, 
Milwaukee, where he was a student three 
years; two years were spent in the Seminary 



BIOGIiAPHICAL HISTORY. 



127 



of Floreffe, Belgium, and over four years in 
the University of Itnisbruck, Austria, where 
lie was ordained October 28, 1880, by the 
Prince Bishop of Brixeii. Afterward be 
spent one year in the University of Paris, 
and was called thence to America by Bishop 
Flasch, who assigned him to duty at Chip- 
pewa Falls, where he remained eight months. 
While at this station he did missionary work 
in the outlying districts, as well as in the 
city, his labors being among the Frencli half- 
breeds and Indians. In January, 1888, he 
was transferred to St. James Church in North 
La Crosse; at that time the church was un- 
finished, and was carrying a debt of large pro- 
portions; the church has since been finished 
at a cost of several thousand dollars, and a 
handsome cottage, a residence for the priest, 
has been completed. Upon his arrival here tlie 
church was suffering from internal dissen- 
sions and contentions among the members; 
these differences have been harmonized, the 
debt has been materially reduced, and the un- 
paid balance has been satisfactorily arranged. 
A parochial school, conducted under the 
superintendence of Father Murphy, holds its 
sessions on the first floor of the church and 
is in charge of the Franciscan Sisters of 
Perpetual Adoration. There are four teach- 
ers employed in the regular work, and a 
special teacher for music. The classes are 
carefully graded, and are in excellent work- 
ing order. Father Murphy's tine intellectual 
training and attainments fit him pre-emi- 
nently for this responsible position, and his 
services have been appreciated. He is an 
ardent temperance worker, and through his 
influence some of the most eloquent speakers 
on the subject have been secured for La 
Crosse; among them may be mentioned 
Bishop Cotter, President of the Catholic 
Total Abstinence Union of America, and 
Father Cleary, of Kenosha, Wisconsin, and 



the Dominican Missionaries, Splinter and 
Daly, of Minneapolis, Minnesota. These 
lectures are always free to the public, and 
are accomplishing a great deal in educating 
jieople as to their duty on this great question. 
Father Murphy is a member of the Ancient 
Order of Hibernians, a benevolent society, 
and of the Catholic Knights, of A¥isconsin, an 
insurance association, and of various other 
societies for the instruction of the young. 

tAFAYETTE HOLMES, secretary and 
treasurer of the Davidson Lumber 
Company, North La Crosse, Wiscon- 
sin, and one of the reliable and represent- 
ative business men of that city, was originally 
from Ohio, his birth occurring in Jeffer- 
son county of that State, January 10, 1834. 
His parents, William and Eliza (Voorhees) 
Holmes, were natives also of the Buckeye 
State, and the latter is a relative of Senator 
Voorhees of Indiana. William Holmes was a 
blacksmith by trade, and this he followed 
while a resident of Ohio. In 1836 he moved 
to Iowa, opposite Navuoo, Illinois, but re- 
turned to Jefferson county, Ohio, in 1838, 
and there remained until 1843. He then 
moved to Pittsburg and from there to Iro- 
qnois county, Illinois, two years later. In 
1846 he located in Galena, Illinois, and in 
1849 crossed tlie plains to California, where 
he remained working in the mines until 
1851. Afterward he was a short time in 
Galena and then returned to the gold regions 
of California, where he remained until 
1860. Again returning to Galena he worked 
in the mines until his death, which occurred 
March 11, 1802, when fifty-two years of 
age. His wife died in La Crosse in 1884, 
when seventy-two years of age. Of the ten 
children born to this union, seven are still 



198 



BIOQRAPBICAL HISTORY. 



living. Lafayette Holmes began for himself 
at the early age of fourteen as clerk at Scales 
Monnd, near Galena, Illinois, and has been 
clerk ami bookkeeper ever since, at Galena, 
St. Paul ami La Crosse. lie came to his 
pre.sent position in 1867, and this speaks 
well as to his ability as clerk and book- 
keeper. He is a popular salesman, and is an 
able and experienced gentleman, with whom 
it will always be found profitable and pleas- 
ant to have dealings. He became secretary 
of the company at the organization in 1885. 
He was connected with the different packet 
companies from 1853, the old Minnesota 
Packet Company, following all the successive 
companies until 1888, a period of thirtytive 
years. He followed shore business as agent, 
storekeeper, etc. This we believe is without 
a parallel in the State. The company have 
one boat, a raft boat, and he looks after this 
at present writing. In his line Mr. Holmes 
is one of the leading men of the city. He ob- 
tained his knowledge of bookkeeping by 
actual practice, for he did not attend school 
after the age of thirteen. He was married 
in 1860 to Miss Sarah J. Lee, dauehtor of 
George W. and Susan Loe, of Galena, Illi- 
nois, and became the father of three children : 
William M., living in Montana; Jessie L;, 
at home and a musician and artist of con- 
siderable note; Walter, in the office of James 
McCord, wholesale druggist. Mrs. Holmes 
is a strong believer in Christian Science. Mr. 
Holmes is a Thirty-second Degree Mason, 
belonging to the Wisconsin Consistory. He 
was Eminent Commander of La Crosse Coin- 
mandery. No. 9, three successive years, 
Worshipful Master of Frontier Lodge, No. 
45, four successive years, and is at present 
High Priest of Smith Chapter,No. 13. Of tiie 
Knights of Pythias he has passed the chairs. 
He went through all the different decrees of 
the I. O. C). V. order thirty years ago. In 



politics he has ever been a Democrat. He 
has many times been city delegate to 
county conventions. Mr. Holmes is pro- 
gressive and public-spirited in his views, is 
a worthy and valued citizen, and is respected 
by his many friends. 



-^^tnrWy- 



■^jiru^^^ 



IL HOUGH, train-master on the 
m Chicago, Burlington & Northern Kail- 
' road, was originally' from Connecticut, 
born June 29, 1845. His parents, Isaac T 
anil Julia F. (Wilcox) Hough, were both na- 
tives of that State also, and the father was a 
manufacturer of tinsmith tools. He died in 
his native State at the age of forty-nine, and 
his wife received her final summons there at 
the age of fifty-four. They were the parents 
of five children, four of whom are yet living. 
P. H. Hough received a good academic edu- 
cation in Connecticut, and on the 5th of Sep- 
tember, 1862, he enlisted in Company A, 
Twenty-fourth Coiinecticut Volunteer In- 
fantry, for nine months, and served thirteen 
months under General Banks in the Depart- 
ment of tlie Gulf. Ilis first en<>;aijement was 
at Irish Bend in Louisiana, and the next at 
Bayou Sara, Port Hudson. He enlisted when 
only seventeen years of age, there being only 
two younger in the regiment, but stood the 
service quite well, especially in marching, 
when he had more endurance than older 
men. He was discharged at Middletown, 
Connecticut, October 81, 1863. He then 
came West and located in Ogle county, Illi- 
nois, and engaged in telegraphy, having stud- 
ied it in the East, and came West to secure a 
position. He located at Forres ton, Illinois, 
had charge of a day office, and continued there 
sixteen years in the em])loy of the Illinois 
Central and Chicago & Iowa railroads. From 
there he was promoted to train dispatcher, 



BIOGRAPHICAL HI8T0RT. 



129 



and went to Ainboy, Illinois, where he re- 
mained for five years, lie then came to La 
Crosse (1886) and took the position of train 
dispatcher for the Chicago, Burlington & 
Northern liailroad. In 1888 he was pro- 
moted to chief train dispatcher. This posi- 
tion he held for two years, and was then 
promoted to train master, his present posi- 
tion. 

In 1881: Mr. Hough married Miss Anna 
M. French, daughter of John French, of 
Kappa, Illinois. Mr. French died in 1878, 
at tiie age of fifty-nine years. The mother is 
still living, and is in her fifty-sixth year. 
Mr. Hough is a member of the Masonic order 
and of the G. A. R. Post at La Crosse. 



i,ENRY B. KLICH, 1301 Winnebago 
street, La Crosse, is a contractor and 
builder, and is one of the inost prosper- 
ous in the city. He is an American by 
adoption, his native country being Bohemia, 
Austria. He was born in 1854, a son of Simon 
and Theresa Klich, also Bohemians by birth. 
They bade farewell to their country in 1872, 
and crossed the sea to the United States, lo- 
cating in La Crosse in 1873, where they still 
reside. Henry B., the third of a family of 
five children, began working at the brick- 
layer's trade in 1872, and for a few years he 
traveled up and down the Mississippi river 
from St. Paul to New Orleans. In 1875 he 
came to La Crosse, and here he has since 
followed the business of building and con- 
tracting. Up to 1886 he was employed as 
foreman for different contractors, but in that 
year began taking contracts on his own ac- 
count. He has erected a number of residences 
in La Crosse, the addition to the Eighth ward 
schoolhouse, and a number of other build- 
ings, including the Fay Hotel and Mitchel's 



building on Third street. By his strict and 
honorable dealings he has won a reputation 
for substantial and reliable building that has 
placed him in the front ranks of his calling. 
Mr. Klich was naan-ied in 188U to Miss 
Mary Matejka, who was born in 1861, a 
daughter of John and Elizabeth Matejka. 
Her father died in 1891, aged sixty-four 
years. The mother is still living. Mr. and 
Mrs. Klich are the parents of five children: 
Henry, Amelia, Albert, Julia and Frank. 
All are at home comfortably and happily sit- 
uated. Mr. Klich is a member of the Build- 
ers' Association of La Crosse, and the 
International Progressive Association of 
Mansfield, Ohio, and belongs to the C. S. 
P. S., of which he has been an ofiicer for 
many years. 

EV. FATHER J. W. RITZ, pastor of 
I St. John's Church, corner of Avon 
and St. James streets. La Crosse, is 
a native of Germany, born in Bavaria, Au- 
gust 18, 1859. He received his education 
in the "Fatherland," and after he had finished 
his theological training he was ordained a 
priest of the Roman Catholic Church. In 
1883 he came to America, and soon after his 
arrival here he was assigned to duty as pastor 
of the Medford Church in Taylor county, 
Wisconsin. While stationed at this point he 
was instrumental in building new churches, 
and infused new life into many congregations 
to which he ministered. He had charge of 
six missions, Medford being the principal one; 
there he built a new edifice and established a 
parochial school. 

He came to La Crosse in August, 1890, 
having been assigned to St. John's Church. 
Here ho also has commenced the erection 
of a new church of modern design, 48 x 100 



130 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



feet, with a seating capacity of three or 
four Inindrod, the cost to be not less 
than $10,000. St. John's Catholic School is 
also under control of Father Ilitz, the fall 
term of which opened with ninety-six chil- 
dren enrolled. Two teachers are employed 
to give instruction in the school. St. John's 
congregation was organized from a portion of 
the communicants of St. Joseph's Cathedral 
three years ago, and under the care of Father 
Kitz has steadily increased in interest and 
grown in numbers. He has devoted himself 
faithfully to the needs of those entrusted to 
his care, and has proven himself worthy of 
the coutidence reposed in him by his superiors 
and congregation. 



4^ 



^ 



lAPTAIN ALBERT J. HILL was born 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, April 14, 1841, a 
son of George W. and Margaret (Wil- 
son) Hill, natives of Johnstown, Pennsylva- 
nia, and Baltimore, Maryland, respectively. 
The father was a carpenter and contractor, 
and in 1842 removed to Burlington, Iowa. 
He was one or the most prominent and pro- 
gressive of the early settlers, and was highly 
esteemed by the members of the community 
in which he lived. He died April 5, 1888, 
aged seventy-six years. His wife died in 
June, 1889. They had born to them a family 
of live children, the Captain and one sister 
being the only ones living at the present 
time. Albert J. received his education at 
Burlington, Iowa, and learned tiie carpenter's 
trade with his father. When President Lin- 
coln made a call for 75,000 men to aid in 
putting down the rebellion, private interests 
sank into insignificance, and all hopes, all 
plans, all aspirations were abandoned that the 
country might be preserved from disintegra- 
tion. Captain Hill enlisted in Company I, 



First Iowa Volunteer Infantry, "The Bur- 
lington Blues," and went out to a long term 
of service, to encounter hardships and pri- 
vations unknown to any life except that of 
the soldier. J5efore the end of ninety days 
he had seen the fall of one of the most 
promising officers. General Lyon, and had 
participated in the battle of Wilson Creek. 
He re-enlisted in the Twenty -fifth Iowa 
Volunteer Infantry, and served until the 
declaration of peace. Among the most noted 
engagements in which he participated may be 
mentioned the following: Vicksburg, Arkan- 
sas Post, Atlanta, Jonesboro and the great 
march to the sea. At Atlanta he saw Mc- 
Pherson shot from his horse, and on the 
inarch under Sherman he barely escaped 
starvation, lie paid S20 for a half-pint of 
rice, a rather dainty lunch for the price. He 
was in the city of Columbia, South Caro- 
lina, when it was fired by the /darkies. Upon 
the arrival of the troops in the city the 
colored population matiifested great joy, es- 
teeming it a day of jubilee. They were free 
in rendering service, and freely gave infor- 
mation, both desirable and undesirable. The 
citizens called for a guard, which was readily 
granted. At dusk, just as night was settling 
upon the city, a fire broke out and spread 
rapidly. The engines were brought out, and 
soldiers and citizens made a common tight 
in subduing the flames, the work of incen- 
diaries. It was a terrible, though magnifi- 
cent sight, and the sounds were as those of 
pandemonium; the cries of helpless women 
and children, the clattering of horses through 
the streets, maddened by the flames, the 
shouts of the firemen, are beyond description, 
but were recorded on the memory of those 
witnessincr the conflagration to remain there 
as long as life and memory exist. 

Captain Hill was at the Grand Review 
at Washington, and was mustered out of the 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



181 



service at Davenport, Iowa. He was never 
seriously wounded or taken prisoner, but had 
his liearing injured by the l)ursting of a sliell. 
This trouble pi'oved permanent, and is a 
source of annoyance to him even now. 

After the close of the war he had his first 
lessons as a jjilot on the river, and since 
that time has been employed on the packets 
plying between St. Louis and St. Paid. He 
was married August 31, 1868, to Miss Fran- 
ces Chenoworth, a daughter of William and 
Althea Chenoworth, of Burlington, Iowa. 
Mrs. Hill's father died when she was two 
years old, but the mother lived until some 
time in the '60s. There were four children 
in the family, Mrs. Hill and Mrs. Nancy 
Morrell being the only surviving members. 
Captain and Mrs. Hill have one child, 
Eunice May, the wife of Thomas J. Madden, 
Chief of Police of Duluth, Minnesota. 
The parents are members of the Presby- 
terian Church. Captain Hill belongs to the 
G. A. R. and to the Pilot's Association; he 
takes little interest in politics, but votes with 
the Democratic party. After the injury 
received in battle he could have secured an 
honorable discharge, but, filled with the zeal 
of the patriot, declined to do so, and served 
through the rest of the war as a musician, 
his impaired hearing making it unsafe for 
him to do guard duty. 



-^^LnJlM/- 



~^Uinn^^ 



[EV. JOSEPH B. WIEDMANN, Rector 
of St. Joseph's Cathedral, La Crosse, 
was born in Westphalia, Prussia, No- 
vember 19, 1855. In 1851 his father died, 
and in 1868 he came with his mother to 
America, locating at Fountain City, Buffalo 
county, Wisconsin. The next year he entered 
St. Francis Seminary at Milwaukee, and con- 
tinued his studies until 1879, when he was 



ordained priest by Bishop Heiss of La Crosse 
diocese, and was assigned to the pastorate of 
St. Patrick's Church at Sparta, Wisconsin, 
where he remained till June 19, 1881, when 
he was appointed to his present position. 
During his pastorate here in La Crosse he 
has made improvements upon the church 
property to tlie extent of $30,000, and not a 
dollar of debt remains. St. Joseph's Cathe- 
dral is a magnificent edifice, erected in 1869. 
Its present value, including organ, altars and 
furniture, is estimated at $60,000. 



fKRlS. ADOLPH, one of the steam- 
boat captains of the Mississippi river, 
was born in the State of Iowa in 1850, 
a son of Chris, and Matilda (Babrenfuss), 
Adolph, natives of Germany. The parents 
bade farewell to their native land in 1864, 
and crossed the sea to America, settling in 
Iowa; there the father died in 1874, but the 
mother still survives, and has reached the age 
of seventy- two years. Chris. Adolph, Jr., had 
the advantage of a few terms of schodling, 
but at an early age sought employment on 
the river. He was engaged in rafting lum- 
ber until the beginning of the use of steam for 
that purpose; he was then employed on the 
boats, and worked through all the positions 
until he reached the head of the business. 
He has now been in the employ of McDonald 
Bros, for about twenty years, a fact which 
attests his efficiency and a due apprecia- 
tion of his services. Ho was among the first 
to pass with boats up the Black and Chip- 
pewa rivers to the lumber regions. He has 
experienced all the phases of life on the 
river, and has endured all the privations inci- 
dent to his occupation. The work of a pio- 
neer in any line is not an easy one, and the 
life of the pioneer in the lumber regions 
proves no exception to the rule. 



132 



Bl OGRAPUICA L UISTOR T. 



Mr. Adolpli was united in marriage, in 
1888, to Miss Mary Miles, a daughter of 
Calvin and Julia Miles, of Ox Bow, Jackson 
county, Wisconsin. Mr. Miles was a soldier 
in the late war, and did gallant service for 
his country from 1861 to 1865. He is now 
engaged in fanning, and is prominently 
identified with the agricultural interests of 
Jackson county. Mr. and Mrs. Adolph have 
had born to them one child, Chris., Jr., De- 
cember 20, 1889. They are both consistent 
members of the Lutheran Church. 

H. ANDREWS, supply agent for the 
Chicago, Burlington & Northern 
'** Kailroad, and a successful business 
man of La Crosse, Wisconsin, first saw the 
light of day in Greenfield, Massachusetts, 
in 1858. liis parents, James and Mary H. 
(Pratt) Andrews, were natives also of the Bay 
State. The parents moved to Chicago, Illi- 
nois, in 1866, and here the father engaged in 
the printing and blank-book business for 
some time. Mr. Andrews received the rudi- 
ments of an education in the public schools 
of Chicago, and supplemented the same by 
a course in the high school of Greenfield, 
Massachusetts. In 1882 he engaged with the 
Chicago, Biirlington & Quincj Kailroad, in 
the constrnction department, and remained 
in that about one year, when he was promoted 
to the purchasing department. lie was in 
the Chicago office a short time, and was then 
sent to the St. Paul office. From there, in 
1886, he was transferred to La Crosse, Wis- 
consin, to take charge of the supply depart- 
ment of the Chicago, Burlington & North- 
ern Railroad at this place, and has since had 
full charge of that department of the road. 
This department carries a stock of about 
$50,000 worth of material, and at various 



times it lias been over §100,000. Mr. An- 
drews was married in Chicago, Illinois, in 
1881, to Miss Lonia I. Harmon, daughter 
of Channcy and Mary Harmon. 



.J«ILO J. PITKIN, collector for the 
i7;'i\( La Crosse Gas-Light Company, was 
born at Fort Madison, Lee county, 
Iowa, August 28, 1839, a son of James and 
Lucy (Austin) Pitkin, natives of Connecti- 
cut and New York respectively. The father 
was a farmer by occupation, and he also 
worked at the carpenter's trade. In 1817 he 
came with his parents to Summit county, 
Ohio, and remained tliere until 1835, when 
he made a prospecting tour through the great 
Northwest, seeking a home. He settled in 
Fort Madison, and when the subject of this 
notice was an infant of thirteen months the 
mother died, aged twenty years. lie was 
one of the earliest pioneers of Iowa, and 
experienced many of the privations and 
hardships attending life on the frontier. He 
was a man of the highest principles, hon- 
ored and respected by a wide circle of 
acquaintances. 

Milo J. came to La Crosse in 1854, receiv- 
ing his education in the common schools. He 
is one of the pioneers of the city, and has 
witnessed many changes since he became a 
resident of the straggling hamlet on the 
banks of the Mississippi. Having deter- 
mined to master the printer's trade, he 
entered the office of the Republican and con- 
tinued there until 1861, when the dark clouds 
of war began to skirt the horizon. Private 
enterprise was crippled and so abandoned for 
a time. He responded to the call for 75,000 
men, and became a member of the La Crosse 
Light Guard, which was attached to the Iron 
Brigade of the AVest; his regiment belonged 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



133 



to the old First Corps of the Army of the 
Potomac. He participated in the battle of 
Blackburn's Ford, and afterwards in the first 
battle of Bull Kun; he was in many skirm- 
ishes fully as dangerous to life and limb as a 
battle. He was also at Fredericksburg; was 
in Burnside's march in January, 1863; took 
part in the battle at ChancellorBville; was in 
the battle at Rappahannock Station and 
White Sulphur Springs, and later was at 
Gettysburg, where he was taken prisoner. 
He was taken with others to Richmond, 
thence to Belle Isle, where he was held two 
months before he was paroled. It was then 
eight months belbre he was exchanged, and 
after this event he rejoined his command at 
Cold Harbor. He was honorably discharged 
June 30, 1864, having served his country 
faithfully and gallantly for three years and 
two and a half months. While a prisoner he 
suffered all the agonies of the military captive, 
and while in field service he had a sunstroke 
from which he has never recovered. On 
account of this he was confined in the hos- 
pital which was improvised in the Eighth 
Street Methodist Episcopal Church, Wash- 
ington, District of Columbia. 

After the declaration of peace he returned 
to his printing-press in La Crosse, and followed 
this vocation until twenty years had passed 
away; then on account of close confinement 
abandoned this work, and since that time 
has been in the employ of the La Crosse Gas- 
Light Company. 

Mr. Pitkin was married July 24, 1864, to 
Miss Marie Louise Rogers,danghter of Joshua 
H. and Jane Rogers, of La Crosse, and of 
this union three children have been born: 
Arthur J. is in the employ of the United 
States School Furniture Company, of Chi- 
cago; he married Miss Mary L. Reed; Louis 
Harvey is with the firm of Cargill Brothers, 
at Spring Valley, Minnesota; Louise R. is I 



the third child. The parents are members of 
the Congregational Church. Mr. Pitkiu is a 
Mason, being Tyler of the Blue Lodge, Guard 
of the Chapter, and Sentinel of the Com- 
mandery. He is a member of the Wilson 
Colwell Post, G. A. R. Li politics he is a 
Republican, and an ardent supporter of the 
principles of that party. Li all the walks of 
life he has borne himself with great credit 
and honor, and he and his wife have the 
highest esteem of the community in wiiich 
they live. 



tOmS WENSOLE, commercial traveler 
for the firm of Cahn, Warapold & Co., 
Chicago, was born in Norway, August 2, 
1849, and is a son of Simon and Randine 
Wensole, natives of the same country. The 
father emigrated with his family from Nor- 
way in 1867, and after his arrival in the 
United States proceeded to Wisconsin, set- 
tling at Stevenstown, La Crosse county; thence 
he went to West Salem, and in two years he 
came to North La Crosse; he next removed 
to Minneapolis, where he carried on a shoe- 
shop for ten or twelve years; he afterward 
returned to Stevenstown, and again came to 
La Crosse; he is a superior woi-kman and 
ranks among the best. Before coming to 
America he was engaged at the same trade, 
and had a shop at Lille-Hammer. He and his 
wife are members of the Norwegian Luthei-an 
Church. They are people of much force of 
character, and have reared their children to 
lives of industry and honor. They have a 
family of nine: Christian, the oldest son, 
served his king five years, and durin^^ that 
time received injuries from which he never 
recovered; he died in 1872, at the age of 
twenty-eight years; John died in childhood; 
Sarah is the wife of Ole Frederickson, and 



184 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



the mother of five children ; Louis is the sub- 
ject of this notice; Jolin is a resident of 
Minneapolis, and married Miss Mary Jensen; 
Bertha; Ole, deceased; Otto, who also died 
at the age of twenty-eight years, was a printer 
by trade; he married Miss Tillie Jensen, who 
died in 1889; Julia is the wife of Andrew 
Johnson, and the mother of one child. 

Louis Wensole acquired an education in 
his native land, and came to America in 
August, 1808; during the summer he worked 
with liis father in the shoe shop, but in the 
winter he availed himself of the opportunity 
of continuing his studies in the common 
schools of this country; lie worked for his 
board with Abraham Pruett, but in the 
spring he went down the river to Daven- 
port, Iowa, where he was employed as a 
clerk in a hotel. When he had saved a little 
money he invested in a small stock of no- 
tions; this was a profitable investment, and 
as soon as he had $100 saved up he came 
back to La Crosse to visit his parents. While 
here he was taken ill, and lay sick for two 
months; upon his recovery he secured a posi- 
tion as clerk in the store of John L. Grun 
of West Salem, remaining there three and 
a half years. He was next engaged in the 
same capacity with Mens Anderson in La 
Crosse for three and a half years, and it was 
during this period that he gained his experi- 
ence in business from an American stand- 
point; he next took a position as clerk in the 
Boston One Price Clothing House at Minne- 
apolis, but in eighteen months returned to La 
Crosse. 

Mr. Wensole was married December 28, 
1876, to Miss Clara A. Simenson, a daughter 
of Ole Simenson, deceased; her mother, 
whose maiden name was Anna Jorginnie, is 
still living, a resident of La Crosse; Matilda, 
the wife of Ole Larson and Mrs. Wensole are 
the only surviving children. 



In June, 1881, Mr. Wensole started out 
as a traveling salesman for the firm of S. 
Mann Austrian, Wise & Co., of Cleveland, 
Ohio, with whom he remained nine years; 
the first six years he received a salary, and 
the last three years he had an interest 
in the business. The firm removed to 
Chicago, and at the end of three years 
dissolved partnership. Since that time Mr. 
Wensole has been with liis present firm, 
which is one of the oldest and most promi- 
nent in this line of business. He has been 
very successful, and has made an enviable rec- 
ord in commercial circles. As a citizen he 
is above reproach, is genial and companion- 
able, and is in every way worthy of the con- 
fidence reposed in him. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wensole are the parents 
of four children: Stewart Monroe, Oscar 
Alfelt, Louis Howard Robin and Lucre tia 
Antonia. Tiie parents are members of the 
Norwegian Lutheran Church, and Mr. Wen- 
sole belongs also to the Masonic order, being 
a member of the Blue Lodge, Chapter and 
Commandry. Politically he affiliates with 
the Democratic party, but takes no active 
interest in the movements of that body. 

„>,►, ? . ; t I t ♦ ^ ■•♦> 



[APTAIN ALLEN M. SHORT, of one 

of the Mississippi river steamers, was 
born in Carroll county, Illinois, in 
1847, and is a son of Ira and Eliza (Higgins) 
Short. The father was born in Tioga county. 
New York, in 1803, and the mother in Tren- 
ton county. New Jersey, in 1811. They 
were married in the State of New York 
in 1829, and reared a family of nine children, 
all of whom are living at the present time. 
They removed to Carroll county, Illinois, in 
1841, making the entire journey by ox-team 
in true pioneer style. There they resided 



BIOORAPEIOAL HISTORY. 



135 



many years, loved and respected by all the 
settlers. In 1864 Mr. Short started to Cali- 
fornia with a valuable team, but as he was 
never heard from afterward it is supposed 
that he was murdered for his team and 
the money he had with hiin. Mrs. Short 
died in 1884, aged seventy years. Four of 
the sons of this family served with distinc- 
tion during the civil war. 

Allen M. Short attended the common 
schools of his country until he was thirteen 
years of age, when he was thrown upon his 
own responsibilities, and began the battle of 
life for himself. The first work he did was 
on a farm, and he remained there two years, 
at the end of whicli time he enlisted in the 
One Hundred and Forty-seventh Illinois Vol- 
unteer Infantry; he was sent direct from 
camp to Georgia, and joined General Sher- 
man's army on its march to the sea, taking 
part in all the engagements of the march, 
and returning through Georgia. His regiment 
was retained in the service until January 20, 
1866, when they were mustered out at Savan- 
nah, receiving their discharge and pay Feb- 
ruary 7, 1866. 

When peace was declared, and he was left 
free to follow his own inclinations, Mr. Short 
secured employment on the steamer Pearl, 
and continued on that boat until he became 
pilot and master. In 1866 he bought an in- 
terest in the Fearl, and has owned an interest 
in other vessels since that date. In 1872 he 
connected himself with the Davidson Lumber 
Company, and has been in their employ con- 
tinuously since that time, a testimonial to 
his faithful and efficient service. 

Mr. Short was united in marriage, in 1872, 
at La Crosse, to Miss Nellie Congdon, a 
daughter of G. R. and Diana (Fleming) Cong- 
don, natives of New York and Ohio respect- 
ively. They were married in Ohio in 1848, 
and are living in La Crosse. They have 



reared a family of seven children. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Short have been born two children: 
Clinton L. and Gracie Fleming. The family 
belong to the Baptist Church. Mr. Short is 
a member of the G. A. R. of La Crosse. 

Clinton L. Short was clerk of the boat of 
which his father is master in the season of 
1891 and 1892. He aspires to the position 
of captain, and will doubtless attain it in the 
course of a short time. 

Mrs. Short is of American ancestry for 
several generations, her great-great-grand- 
parents coming over in the Mayflower. Her 
great-grandfather, Peter Fleming, served 
eight years in the Revolutionary war, and 
was married in Redstone Fort, on the bank 
of the Ohio river, near Wheeling, West Vir- 
ginia, by Rev. J. D. Finley, a Presbyterian 
clergyman. W. P. Fleming, her grandfather, 
was born in 1791, a short distance from the 
fort, and was called for service during the 
war of 1812-'14, but peace was declared be- 
fore his company was called into action. He 
was married the same year to Eleanor Collins, 
a native of the eastern shore of Maryland, 
who emigrated, with others, to Ohio when 
sixteen years old. They endured the hard- 
ships of a frontier life, rearing a family of 
ten children, of whom the youngest was Mrs. 
Short's mother. 



-«-|<>-5»-»f' 



J. POLLARD, the gentlemanly and 
accommodating passenger conductor 
■ ** on the Chicago, Burlington & North- 
ern Railroad, with residence at La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, was .born in Morgan county, Illi- 
nois, in 1844, a son of William H. and 
Lucretia (Gray) Pollard, natives of Vermont, 
who removed to Illinois in 1840, and for 
many years resided on a farm in Morgan 
county. The father is now residing at Rock 



136 



BIOGRAPHICAL UISTORY. 



Island, Illinois, aged eighty years, but since 
1891 has l)een a widower, i>is wife dying in 
lier seventieth year. They were the parents 
of five sons and two daughters. E. J. Pol- 
lard was educated in the public schools of 
Morrison, Illinois, and at the age of eighteen 
years he started out to make his own way in 
the world, and for one year worked as a farm 
hand. Tiie next year he clerked in a dry- 
goods and clotiiing store, which position he 
retained until the tall of 1864, when he en- 
listed in the One Uundred and Fortieth 
Regiment of Illinois Infantry — a one hun- 
dred-day regiment— and was in the service 
for live months ijefore being mustered out. 
He immediately re-enlisted for one year, but 
was in the service fourteen mouths before 
receiving liis discharge. He was on the staff 
of GeneralJudy, and was the one who carried 
the news of the assassination of President 
Lincoln to tlie army. After General Judy's 
resignation he was assigned to the staff of 
General Wilson, with whom he remained 
until his term of service had expired. His 
first work after leaving the army was as a 
clerk in tiie hotel at Morrison, Illinois, whore 
he was employed about one year. He then 
went to work for the Chicago and North- 
western Railroad, first as brakeman, being 
promoted one year later to the position of 
conductor. He remained in the employ of 
tiiat road until 1869, when he went to Rock 
Island to work in the construction depot of 
the Rock Island and St. L(juis Railroad as 
conductor, and at the end of six months 
began traveling for tlie road as advertising 
airent. Followiner this he was conductor for 
two years on the Rock Island and Pacific 
Railroad; but in 1880 went to Chicago, and 
for one year was in the employ of the Street 
Railway Company. In 1881 he went to work 
in the construction department of the Chi- 
cago, Burlington and Northern Railroad, 



upon the Omaha division of that road, and 
npon the completion of that branch he ran a 
train over the road for about six years. 
When the river branch of the Burlington and 
Northern Railroad was built he was trans- 
ferred to the construction department of that 
branch, and when it was completed was given 
a train on that division, which position he 
still retains. He is an old and experienced 
railroad man, and has always shown himself 
to be competent, and has given good satis- 
faction in tlie different positions lie has held. 
He is a member of the Knights of Pythias 
of Freeport, Illinois. He was married 
November 29, 1882, to Miss Mary McCor- 
mack, whose parents are James and Anna 
McCormack, of Kane county, Illinois. Mrs. 
Pollard is an amiable and intelligent lady, 
and is a member of the Catholic Church. 



.MSS^USTAV CARL, wine dealer. La Cro.-se 
— In this age of gross and almost uni- 
versal adulteration, it is a pleasure to 
be able to refer to those reliable houses where 
the public are assured of obtainiiig only the 
purest and best goods. Of such is the re- 
sponsible establishment of Gustav Carl, wine 
dealer of La Crosse. This gentleman was 
born December 23, 1836, in Saxony, Ger- 
many, of which country his parents, Adam 
and Laura (Smith) Carl, were also natives. 
In the year 1854 the family sailed for Amer- 
ica, and after an ocean voyage of six weeks 
landed in New York city, on July 2. The 
family remained in that city about two years, 
and the father followed the trade of a book- 
binder. He died in Milwaukee when fifty- 
nine years of age, but the mother is still 
living and is seventy-nine years of age. 
Both parents were Freethinkers in their re- 
ligious views. Of the nine children born to 



BIOGSAPHIGAL HISTORY. 



137 



this union six died in infancy, and were buried 
in Germany. From the three living children 
Mrs. Carl has twenty-seven grandchildren 
and six great-grandchildren. She still pos- 
sesses great power both of body and mind, 
and is well preserved for her years. One of 
her children, Emelie, resides in Milwaukee, is 
the wife of George Schrader, and the mother 
of thirteen children. Gustav is next in 
order of birth, and then Adolph, who died 
in 1889, at the age of forty-two years. The 
latter was a regular in the United States 
Army for five years, and then in the navy for 
two and a half years, during the civil war. 
Pie married a lady in Canada and became the 
father of five children, two deceased. On 
coming to America Gustav Carl worked in a 
book-bindery with his father for a year, but 
■was taken sick, and went to St. Louis, where 
he worked on a farm for a year, without 
compensation, his employer being worth 
nothing. However, he was restored to health 
by his out-door employment, and after re- 
ceiving remittances from home he went to 
Chicago in search of work at his trade, book- 
binding. Not being successful in this, he 
went on a farm sixteen miles from Chicago, 
and worked three months at $13 per month. 
He then paid up his indebtedness, and with 
the remainder went to Milwaukee, where he 
again tried to find work as a bookbinder. 
Failing again, he engaged for fifty cents a day 
as a waiter in a hotel, and there continued 
for two months. He was then coaxed away 
by a boarder, and served as bartender in his 
place at $30 a month. He remained there 
about fourteen months, then, in 1857, re- 
turned to New York on a visit to his parents, 
and at the same time was a delegate from 
the Bundes Turner's Society of Milwaukee to 
attend the Bnndes Festival of New York. 
From there the whole family moved to Chi- 
cago, rented a farm sixteen miles west of that 



city, and there tilled the soil. They worked 
hard, but could not make a living, produce 
being so cheap, potatoes selling for ten cents 
a bushel. Gustav then went to Milwaukee 
and became bartender at the same place for 
the same man, sending his means to his 
parents. He remained there seven months 
and then became bartender for John S. 
Becker, at La Crosse, Wiconsin, in 1860. His 
former employer failed, and Mr. Carl took 
his pay in an imported Swiss cheese that he 
brought to La Crosse as his stock in trade, 
his entire capital. He worked for one year 
as clerk in a grocery store at $15 a month 
and board. About this time John S. Becker 
burned out, and the stock he saved he let 
our subject have to go up to "Winona and 
start a saloon, the latter taking in partnership 
John Fox. On June 2, 1861, they started 
that saloon, and on the 4th of July the whole 
city (135 buildings) was destroyed in two 
hours, the saloon with the rest. They owed 
$1,100 on this, and they returned to La 
Crosse without even a Swiss cheese. They 
were helped by friends to start another sa- 
loon, and Mr. Fox, being a stone mason, 
worked at his trade while our subject at- 
tended the bar. Mr. Becker, sympathizing 
with their condition, made them a present 
of $300, and they then had but $800 of the 
$1,100 to pay. They soon paid off all their 
indebtedness, and were even with the world. 
Mr. Carl purchased property, built the stone 
house in which he now resides at 517 and 519 
South Third street, and on January 24, 1864, 
he married Miss Bertha Herzberg, whose 
parents were from Germany, the mother dy- 
ing there when Mrs. Carl was but three years 



of age. 



The father was Ernst Herzberg. 



After this Mr. Carl was in the saloon busi- 
ness with Mr. Fox for seven years, when they 
dissolved partnership, and Mr. Carl started in 
the manufacture of soda and mineral waters. 



138 



BIOORAPUICAL HI STORY. 



This 1)usiness he sold out in April, 1891, 
and since then he has been dealing in Cali- 
fornia and imported wines. To his marriage 
liave been born live children: Gnstavus, now 
working at Ashland; I'ertha, wife of Carl 
Lelirkind, resides in Asiiland and is the 
mother of one child, Thekla; Oscar, married 
to Susan Toolen and resides in La Crosse; he 
runs the City Steam Laundry, which is doing 
a very successful business; and Albert A., a 
pnpil of the public schools. Mr. Carl is a 
member of the I. O. O. F., the U. W., the 
German ia Society and for one year wjs presi- 
dent of the Liederkranz Singing Society. 
Mr. Carl held the position of City Treasurer 
for two years, was also Alderman and Super- 
visor, and has held other prominent posi- 
tions. During the war he was an ardent 
Republican. He is a self-made man, and 
wliat lie has accomplished in the way of this 
world's goods has been the result of his own 
energy and good management. 

On September 26, 1881, Mr. and Mrs. 
Carl started to Germany, and s|»ent four 
montlis visiting friends in their native land. 



jLBION CLARK, who has been for many 
years a resident of Wisconsin, is a New 
Yorker by birth, having first seen the 
light of day in the Empire State in 1821. 
His parents, Adin and Mehitta (Palmer) Clark, 
were also natives of Otsego county. New 
York, and in early life removed to Chau- 
tauqua county, New York, where they reared 
a family of nine children and passed the 
remainder of their lives. Albion Clark was 
the sixth of the family, and the only member 
who ever came to the West. The opportuni- 
ties of the frontier, however, seemed so much 
greater tlian in those sections where progress 
had made longer strides, that he determined 



to take the consequences of the venture, and 
in 1854 went to Iowa and spent one season 
in Appanoose county. He was engaged in 
the construction of a mill, his trade being 
that of a millwright; then he worked one sea- 
son at F'ort Madison on a sawmill, and in 
1856 he came to La Crosse. The first em- 
ployment he had here was with the firm of 
White, Dyer & Gregory, and the ne.xt was 
with Crosby it Hickson. In the year 1859 
he began work for Captain P. S. Davidson & 
Co., and was with that firm continuously 
until 1891, when he resigned his position to 
make a trip to Oregon and California. 

Mr. Clark was married in 1844, in Chau- 
tauqua county. New York, to Miss Hetsey 
Chase, a daughter of Christopher and Sallie 
(Streight) Chase, who lived and died in Chau- 
tauqua county. New York To Mr. and Mrs. 
Clark have been born six children: Lorisa was 
first married to Arthur Boardman, who died 
in San Jose, California, having gone there 
in quest of health; their three children are 
also deceased; she was married a second time, 
in 1883, to Judge R. A.' Odell, of Trem- 
pealeau county, Wisconsin; Adin Clark, now 
a resident of Minnesota, married Rose Story, 
and they have five children, three daughters 
and two sons; Ilittie married Nathaniel 
Green, who was accidentally killed on a 
steamboat; thej^ had two sons born to them; 
Mrs. Green was married again to Francis 
Garner, of La Crosse, and of this union one 
daughter was born; Mr. Garner died in 
Feljruary, 1892; Frank Clark, the fourth of 
the family,died at the age of two years; Ella, 
one of the twins, whose mate died in infancy, 
is the wife of Walter Garner, of La Crosse; 
he is the purchasing agent of the Pullman 
Palace Car Company, of Chicago; they are 
the parents of three children, one son and two 
daujihters. 

Mr. Clark atiiliales with the Republican 



BIOORAPEWAL HISTORY. 



139 



party, and is a stanch supporter of the princi- 
ples of that body. He is a man of strict 
integrity, and on all questions has possessed 
the courage of his convictions. 

W. PETTIBONE, lumber merchant, 
La Crosse. — In the various enterprises 
'" that have made La Crosse one of the 
commercial centers of the country, the lumber 
trade lias always held an important place, 
employing large capital in its conduct, and 
giving to cognate industries a decided im- 
petus by the energy and ability displayed in 
its development. In every department the 
enterprise characteristic of its leading ex- 
ponents has been abundantly shown, and the 
flourishing character of their establisiimeuts 
amply demonstrates the vigorous grasp with 
which they have seized and held the trade in 
this gigantic national industry. Among 
tliose actively engaged in this business is Mr. 
A. W. Pettibone, wiio is one of the leading 
business men of the city, having been en- 
gaged in the lumber and log business here 
for many years. He was born in Benning- 
ton county, Vermont, April 22, 1827, and is 
the son of John S. and Laura (Grave) Petti- 
bone, natives also of the Green Mountain 
State. A. W. Pettibone came to La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, in 1854, engaged at once in the 
manufacture of lumber, and here continued 
until 1866, when lie moved to Hannibal, 
Missouri, where he resided until 1884. He 
then returned to La Crosse and has been a 
much esteemed resident of this city ever 
since. He has been president of the Flan- 
nibal Sawmill Company of Missouri since its 
organization in 1880. It employs about 150 
operatives and is one of the most extensive 
mills in that part of the State. He is also 
interested in another mill located at Qiiincy, 



Illinois, and still another at Merrill, Wiscon- 
sin. Mr. Pettibone was married in his native 
State in 1855, to Miss Cordelia Wilson, 
daughter of Isaac Wilson, of Vermont, and 
the fruits of this union were three living 
children: Wilson, residing at Hannibal, Mis- 
souri, and in charge of the milling interests 
of that locality; he married Miss Laura Jones, 
of Missouri; Anna, at home, and A. W., 
Jr., who is now in the junior class in Yale 
College. Mr. Pettibone takes very little in- 
terest in politics, but acts with the Demo- 
cratic party. In the spring of 1862 he was 
elected Mayor of La Crosse, was re-elected 
in 1863, and aijainin 1864. This was during- 
the troublesome times of the civil war, and 
the duties of that office he discharged in an 
eminently satisfactory manner. His life has 
been one of industry and activity, and by his 
honest, upriglit dealing he has won a host of 
warm friends. He is well equipped to suc- 
ceed in whatever he is likely to undertake. 
He and Mrs. Pettibone are among the most 
worthy and respected citizens of La Crosse. 



^^ 



^^ 



lETER SCHINTJEN, ice and wood 



iia^ dealer of La Crosse. 



In reviewing the 
various enterprises that have contributed 
toward making La Crosse the commercial cen- 
tre that it now is, it is interestino- to note 
the advance made in each industry, and among 
those demanding business ability of a high 
order is that in which Mr. Schintjen is en- 
gaged. He was born in Luxemburg, Ger- 
many, May 2, 1829, to Michael and Lucy 
(SchafP) Schintjen, being the youngest and 
the only one of their Ave children now living 
in America. The father died in 1845, at the 
age of sixty-four years, his wife having died 
a year earlier, when about fifty-three years of 
age, both of whom were earnest members of 



140 



BIOORAPHWAL HISTORY. 



the Catholic Church at the time of their death. 
In 1854 Peter Schiiitjen deterniined to seek a 
lioine for hiinselt' in America, liis attention 
np to this time having been principally de- 
voted to tilling the soil. lie iirst placed 
his foot on American soil in the city of New 
York, but at the end of one week he went to 
Galena, Illinois, and two weeks later to St. 
Paul, Minnesota, where he remained one 
year. In 1854 he purchased some real estate 
in La Crosse, and on the beautiful building 
spot where his residence now stands only two 
houses could be seen. While in St. Paul 
lie was in the iiotel business, but at the end of 
one year he sold out and returned to Europe 
for his bride. Miss Lucy Keeper, whom he 
married on the 6th of March, 1855. Their 
bridal tour was across the ocean to this coun- 
try, the voyage occupying twenty-two days 
from the 9th of April. They came in the 
French vessel, the Delta, were delayed by 
storms and were compelled to put up at the 
Azores Islands for forty-eight hours tor re- 
pairs. Upon their arrival in this country 
the}' came straight to La Crosse, which city 
they reached on the 4th of May. After 
farming for five j'ears Mr. Schintjen operated 
a mill for one year, and since that time has re- 
sided in La Crosse. He has followed the va- 
rious occupations of a grocer, miller and ice 
dealer for the past thirty years, and has been 
deservedly successful. lie possesses the char- 
acteristics of the German people — is indus- 
trious, thrifty and honest, and has proven 
himself a good financier. He has served in 
the capacity of City Alderman for five years 
and has discharged his duties in a manner 
highly satisfactory to all concerned, as is evi- 
denced by his continuous reelection. His 
home has been bleased in the birth of six chil- 
dren: Mary; Susan, wife of L. Reimers, Lucy 
being the only child of this couple; Sophia, 
who died at the age of eleven years; Loona, 



who died when eight years of age; Philli- 
pujna and Bertha. Mr. Schintjen and his 
family are members of the Catholic Church, 
and in politics he is a Democrat. By his 
straightforward business methods he has won 
the esteem of the public in general and is 
a substantial factor among the Inisiness men 
of La Crosse. He has laid aside his busi- 
ness cares and is now living a retired life 
in his pleasant home on South Third street, 
enjoying the competence earned in his active 
business career. 



-^^^yinyb- 



-ojmn^, 



HEO. MANNSTEDT.— Tiie nndertak- 
ingbusiness is of the utmost importance 
to society, and every consideration sug- 
gests that its representatives shall be reliable, 
sympathetic and experienced. An old estab- 
lished and popular house is that of Theo. 
Mannstedt, which was founded in 1881. The 
store is well equipped and fully stocked with 
coffins, caskets, trimming, shrouds and other 
burial goods of the handsomest kind, and he 
is so situated as to furnish everything neces- 
sary for the j)lainest or most imposing fu- 
nerals. He is prompt in meeting his engage- 
ments, performs his duties with accuracy 
and propriety, and can always be relied upon 
in all mattei-s relating to the last rites of 
burial. His establishment is the most ex- 
tensive and oldest in La Crosse, and as an 
honorable business man he has secured a large 
patronage by honestly deserving it. He was 
born in Germany, May 5, 1850, to Philip 
and Emily (Keicher) Mannstedt, and in 1870 
came with them to America, first settling 
in Dubuque, Iowa. In 1878 Theo. Mann- 
stedt came to La Crosse and succeeded in 
obtaining a position with the La Crosse 
Carriage Company, with which he remained 
for three years, at the end of which time he 



BIOaRAPHICAL BISTORT. 



141 



became the proprietor of his present estab- 
lishment. The building is two stories in 
height, 50x20 feet, and he and his family 
live on the second floor. He learned the art 
of carriage-trimming in his native land, and 
at the age of nineteen years was so expert 
at his trade that he was made foreman of 
forty-three men in the employ of Fred Stein- 
metz, who did work for the Emperor and 
Princes of Germany. Mr. Mannstedt was 
married in 1879 to Miss Elizabeth Joseph, of 
Dubuque, one of four surviving members of 
a family of six children born to John B. and 
Mary Joseph, who came from Germany and 
have been honored and respected residents of 
Dubnque for the past forty years. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Mannstedt three children have been 
born: Gustavo, who died at the age of three 
years and one month in 188B; Lizzie, who 
died in 1888 when four years and six 
months old, and Arthur, a bright and promis- 
ing boy of six years. Mr. and Mrs. Mann- 
stedt are members in good standing of the 
Episcopal Church of La Crosse, and in his 
political views he is a Democrat. He has 
been a member of the Third AVard Aid So- 
ciety, and is the present competent Comp- 
troller of the Second District. He has made 
his own way in life, and his iuccess is in a 
greater measure due to tact and natural kind- 
ness of heart than to luck. His father is 
still residing in Dubuque, Iowa, and the 10th 
of November, 1891, reached the advanced 
age of seventy-nine years. His wife died of 
paralysis in 1881, at the age of fifty-eight 
years. Of thirteen children born to them six 
are living, of whom the subject of this 
sketch 18 the second. 



feJlLLIAMH. LEWIS, master inechan- 
uMp ic on the Chicago, Burlington and 
Northern Railroad, is a native of the 
11 



Empire State, born in Onondaga county, Octo- 
ber 18, 1845, and is of Welsh and English 
descent, his p.ii-ents, George and Mary 
(French) Lewis, being natives of those coun- 
tries respectively. They were married at 
Barnstable, Devonshire, England, and crossed 
the ocean to the United States in the early 
part of this century. The father was a rail- 
road man, was one of the old conductors on 
the New York Central for many years, was 
also in the service of the Delaware and 
Western, but subsequently returned to the 
New York Central and remained in their em- 
ploy until he retired. He and wife are both 
deceased, the former dying in 1876, at the 
age of sixty nine, and the latter in 1865, at 
the age of fifty-four. Their family consisted 
of four sons and three daughters, William 
H. being the sixth in order of birth. The 
latter secured a good practical education in 
the p\iblic schools of New York, and is a 
natural mechanic, learning his trade with 
the New York Central. In response to Mr. 
Lincoln's call for 75,000 men, Mr. Lewis 
enlisted in April, 1861, and by general order 
of the War Department was discharged, 
October 24 of the same year, he being less 
than sixteen years of age. He stood the ser- 
vice remarkably well, and during that time 
his growth was marvelous. When he en- 
listed he measured five feet, five and a half 
inches, and when he was discharged his 
height was five feet, eleven and a half inches. 
From 1862 until 1864 he was in the employ 
of the United States Government and worked 
in the Brooklyn Navy Yard. In the latter 
year he came West and entered the service 
of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Kail- 
road as machinist and located at Quincy, Illi- 
nois. A year later he engaged with the 
Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad, as loco- 
motive engineer, remaining in their employ 
until 1873, \?hen he received the appoint- 



142 



BIOQRAPJICAL BISTORT. 



mcnt of master mechanic of the Nortliern 
Pacific Raih-oad. lie filled that position, 
rendering satisfactory service, for over five 
years. 

In January, 1878, when he severed his con- 
nection with the Northern Pacific Kailroad, 
be applied to President Hayes for a Govern- 
ment position, as Chief of the Steamboat 
Inspection Service of the United States. His 
application was supported by the following 
endorsements, which speak for themselves. 
On the hack of a letter sent to General Sheri- 
dan, this high testimonial was written: 
Headquautees Milit.\ky Division, Missouri. 

Chicago, December 22, 1877. 
Respectfully returned: 

I have no hesitancy in endorsing on the 
within pajier my high appreciation of the 
ability of Mr. Lewis as a master mechanic, 
and my confidence in his skill and industry 
to meet and carry out any work whicii per- 
tains to his line of business that may be en- 
trusted to him. P. II. Sheridan, 

Lieutenant- General United States Army. 
From Alf. H. Terry: 

St. Paul, Minnksota, January 25, 1878. 
To all whom it may concern; 

I have known William II. Lewis, Esq., for 
some years past, as the head of the mechani- 
cal department of the Northern Pacific Rail- 
road, and I take great pleasure in commend- 
ing him as a gentleman of unusual skill in 
his profession, of high character and ability, 
and of personal qualities which command the 
respect and good will of all his acquaintances 
and associates. Full confidence may be given 
to any representations which Mr. Lewis may 
make. Alfred H. Terry, 

Brigadier-General United States Army. 
Washington, District of Columbia. 

February 21, 1878. 

Recommended: 

W. T. Sher.man, General. 

Among other prominent men who en- 
dorsed his application were William Wiiidom, 
General La Due, Commissioner of Agri- 



culture, and Alexander Ramsey, ex-Secretary 
of War. 

Mr. Lewis next entered the service of the 
Kansas Pacific, in charge of the second divi- 
sion west of Kansas City. He remained 
there four years, and in 1882 was ap- 
pointed master mechanic of the Oregon Short 
Line, with which he remained two years. He 
left them to accept the position of master 
mechanic of the Nickel Plate, the shops being 
located in Chicago. Five years later he re- 
ceived the appointment to his present posi- 
tion, November 1, 1888, and has filled this 
ever since. 

Mr. Lewis had but few of the advantages to 
which systematic schooling is conducive until 
late in youth. He is well informed and 
especially so in all matters that pertain to his 
line of work. He is master mechanic in all 
that the words imply. 

He was married July 10, 1870, to Miss 
Anna A., daughter of Wilbur Baldwin of 
Alinira, Missouri. Fourchildien have blessed 
this union: T. E. Jr., a locomotive fireman 
on the Chicago, Burlington and Northern 
Railroad; Eddie, who died when a year and a 
half old; Effie and Archie W. Mrs. Lewis 
was a member of the Episcopal Church, and 
her death occurred at Englewood, Illinois, 
January 14, 188(). Mr. Lewis is a member of 
the I. b. O. F. and the G. A. R. He has 
been very fortunate in his business, was never 
discharged, never hunted for work, and his 
positions came to him on account of his 
special fitness. He never worked for a cor- 
poration but that he left them on good terms, 
and with the assurance that he could return 
to his position if he so desired. He is con- 
nected with the American Association of 
Master Mechanics and Master Car Builders. 
He is first vice-president of the Western 
liailroad Club, of Chicago; also a member of 
the Northwestern Club of St. Paul, and has 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



143 



always taken an active intei-est in whatever 
pertains to the best interests of the several 
organizations of which he is a member. He 
has furnisiied several papers on mechanical 
suhjects and other topics of interest. He is 
a committee member in the association of 
master mechanics. He is on two important 
questions in two different committees of the 
Car Builders' Association, viz.: "On steam 
heating, lighting and ventilation of passenger 
coaches,'" and on " compound locomotives." 
These are questions of vital importance, and 
are of notable intercbt to the railroad world, 
as it is a departure from former methods. 
Tiie traveling public are indebted to sucli pro- 
ductions for tlie safety and comfort that are 
enjoyed in the modern coaches as compared 
to those of former days. In personal ap- 
pearance, Mr. Lewis is of goodly size, strongly 
built and robust. He possesses a vigorous 
intellect, his perceptive faculties are ever on 
the alert, and being of a jovial, pleasant dis- 
position he is admired and respected by all. 

lEORGE STANGL, furniture dealer and 
manufacturer of upholstered goods at 
123 North Third street, La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, is an Austrian by birth, in which 
country he first saw the light of day on No- 
vember 20, 1854. His parents, Frank and 
Barbara (Stadick) Stangl, have been residents 
of La Crosse since 1872, and are residing at 
1019 State street. The father is a cooper 
by trade and still follows this calling. George 
Stangl became a resident of this city in 1871, 
and was at first employed in the furniture 
store of Gantert & Schwartz as a journeyman 
at painting and finishing. After following 
this calling for about fourteen years, he 
started in business for himself, but in a very 
modest vvaj, as his capital was small; but his 



previous experience now stood him in good 
stead, and to his distinguished entei'prise, 
energy and skill is largely due the recog- 
nized preeminence of La Crosse in this line. 
He has one of the largest, if not the largest, 
and most comprehensive stock in the city, 
including full lines of parlor, library, dining- 
room, hall and bed-room furniture, which 
occupies three floors and the basement of his 
store, which is 96x24 feet. His push and 
energy is most praiseworthy, he is prominent 
and respected in the trade, and is well worthy 
the success achieved. In 1880 Miss Terrissa 
Becker, daughter of Frank Becker, of La 
Crosse, became his wife, and their union has 
reunited in the birth of the following children : 
George, Joseph, Gracy, John and Fraukie. 
Mr. Stangl is a credit to the community in 
which he has so long made his home, and in 
business relations is as highly re:ipected as 
he is widely known. 



fULIUSJ.HlRSHHEIMER,attorneyand 
counselor at law. La Crosse, was born in 
Lehrensteiusfeld, Kingdom of Wlirtem- 
burg, Germany, January 12, 1839, and is 
the eldest son of Leopold and Fannie (Herz) 
Hirshheimer. The family bade farewell to 
the » Fatherland " May 8, 1850, and landed 
in New York, July 3. They located at Blairs- 
ville, Pennsylvania, remaining there six 
years; in 185(5 thev came to La Crosse, where 
the father and mother died, the former 
February 9, 1879, and the latter November 6, 
1885. The paternal grandfather of our sub- 
ject was a distinguished man in iiis tiuie, 
beinor chief rabbi of his district. He was a 
fine linguist and a profound Hebrew scholar. 
He made several journeys to Jerusalem acd 
ended his days in the service of his church. 
His widow came to America with her son 



144 



niOGHAPlIICAL HISTORY. 



Leopold, and died in this city in 1858. The 
sons of tlie family were Julius J., Albert, 
Augustus, Henry, Morris and Solomon; the 
daughters, JVlalinda, Theresa, Emma and 
Eosa. 

Julius J. attended the parochial schools of 
Germany, and an academy at Weinsbercr in 
wliich languages and higher branches were 
taught. Upon coming to America he en- 
tered the public schools of Pennsylvania for 
the purpose of acquiring a knowledge of the 
English language. When the father came to 
La Crosse he engaged in the lumber business. 
His mill was burned in the spring of 1860, 
when he embarked in the foundry business. 
His son Julius J. had charge of the books 
and a general superintendence of the lum- 
bering interests. After the burning of the 
mill he went to Brownsville, Minnesota, and 
operated a mill there for a time. Li the fall 
of 1860 he went to St. Louis, Missouri, and 
thence to Napoleon, Arkansas, where he 
passed the fall and winter of 1860-'61. Li 
the spring of 1861 he went to JNew Orleans, 
where he made his home for seven years. 
After the capture of the city by General But- 
ler, Mr. Hirshheimer had charge of one of 
the draining machines of the city. Prior to 
the occupancy of the city by the Union troops, 
he was imprisoned for refusing to enter the 
Confederate army. He was several times 
court-martialed and imprisoned for too loud 
an e.xpression of Union sentiments. In 1863 
he enlisted in the Ninety-second United States 
Colored Infantry, and was made Quarter- 
master-Sergeant. He was mustered out of 
service December 31, 1865, at New Orleans. 
He participated in all the campaigns of the 
Army of the Gulf. On receiving his dis- 
charge he returned to his home in New Or- 
leans, and embarked in the mercantile trade. 

Mr. Hirshheimer was an active factor in 



State and local politics; was elected as a 
member of the Constitutional Convention to 
give the State a new constitution, made im- 
perative by the reconstruction legislation of 
Congress. It was during this session of the 
convention, which was held in the Mechanics' 
Institute on Barvone street, that the riot took 
place, when the mob attacked the convention, 
killing a number of the meml)ers of the con- 
vention, wounding Governor Hahn and Dr. 
Doslie, who died of his injuries. Mr. Hirsh- 
heimer was saved from death by the inter- 
vention of a policeman, who was a Unionist. 
The marked hostility manifested against all 
who had taken an active part in suppressing 
the rebellion, by the disloyal population of 
the city, operated against him, compelling 
him to dispose of his business at a sacrifice, 
selling out at the end of two years and com- 
ing to La Crosse; he stopped but a short 
time, however, and went on to Winona, 
Minnesota, where he remained from 1868 to 
1878 as clerk in a mercantile establishment. 
In 1878 he returned to La Crosse, and en- 
tered the law office of Judge Hugh Cameron, 
Wing (fe Prentiss, where he studied law for 
one year. In the spring of 1879 he began 
the practice of his profession, combining it 
with insurance and pension work. In addi- 
tion to his professional interests, he was en- 
gaged for a few years in selling hardwood 
logs. 

Mr. Hirshheimer was married October 10, 
1859, to Miss Camelia T. Kenworthy, in the 
city of St. Louis, Missouri. She is a daughter 
of J. S. and M. E. Kenworthy, and was born 
in Baltimore, Maryland, July 21, 1839, on 
the day of the arrival of her jiarcnts in 
America; they were natives of London, Eng- 
land. The maternal grandparents had already 
emigrated to tliis country, and were resi- 
dents of Richmond, Virginia. Mrs. Hirsh- 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



145 




heiiner is a lady of good education and rare 
reitineiuent. Siie is a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Charcli and an advocate of 
Christian Science. Mr. Hirsliheimer and his 
wife have no living children. Politically he 
affiliates with the Itepublican party and is 
deeply interested in its movements, although 
he is not an office-seeker. He has been a 
member of the La Crosse Board of Trade, 
and is thoroughly loyal to home interests. 

ROOSEVELT, who has been a 
resident of La Crosse since 1855, 
occupies a very prominent position 
in commercial circles, and is justly entitled 
to the space that has been accorded him in 
this history of La Crosse county. He was 
born in Oakland county, Michigan, Septem- 
ber 7, 1833, and is a son of Nelson and 
Sarah (Arraitage) Roosevelt, natives of New 
York State. His father died at the age of 
seventy-nine years, and the mother at the age 
of sixty-five. When lie was four years old 
his father removed with the family to De- 
troit, Michigan, and remained there until 
1840. Then they went to Sandusky, Ohio, 
where our subject learned the machinist's 
trade. January 17, 1855, he arrived in La 
Crosse, having determined to try his for- 
tunes on the frontier. He first chartered the 
steam ferryboat Honeoye, which he ran for 
a time, and then purchased a third interest 
in the Adila, of which he was engineer until 
the fall of 1857. This boat ran between Du- 
buque and St. Paul. After disposing of this 
interest he was employed for ten years as 
engineer and captain on the Mississippi 
river. From 1857 to 1868 he was engaged 
continuously as steamboat engineer. 

Desirous of establishing himself in busi- 
ness iu La Crosse, in 1868 the W. A. Roose- 



velt Company was formed, and incorporated 
in 1888, of which he is the president and 
treasurer. This firm deals in wrought-iron 
piping, brass and iron goods, plumbers' and 
Bteamfitters' supplies, wood, iron and chain 
pumps, and steam and hot water heating ap- 
paratus. They are also general agents for 
"Ideal" windmills, "Ideal Junior" sectional- 
wheel, vanelet^s windmills, and Floridasteain- 
heating boilers. Tliis is the only wholesale 
house in the city dealing in this line of 
goods. 

Mr. Roosevelt has been closely connected 
with the progressive movements of the place, 
and has done his share in developing the 
resources of the county. He has been an 
active worker in all moral and social reforms, 
and has ever given a generous support to 
educational enterprises. He has filled the 
office of Mayor of La Crosse one term, and 
was a member of the County Eoard for several 
terms. His official services were well ren- 
dered, and were a high testimonial to his 
ability and fidelity to duty. 

— «--^*inf»|+— 



^|RVIN GRAVES BOYNTON, lum- 
i. ber merchant. La Crosse, was born at 
Cortland, New York, September 8, 
1847, the son of Edwin and Cynthia (Graves) 
Boynton. Edwin Boynton was born in Coven- 
try, Connecticut, in 1819, of Connecticut 
ancestry, and was a farmer by occupation. 
The Boynton families of America are trace- 
able back to two brothers, John and William 
Boynton, who came over from England in 
early Colonial times. The first exodus from 
Connecticut known was that of Justus Boyn- 
ton, gra)idfather of the subject of this sketch, 
who settled in Cortland, New York, in 1812. 
He was a farmer and artisan. 

Mr. Boynton, whose name introduces this 



14G 



BIOGRAPHICAL BISTORT. 



sketch, completed liis scliooling at the New 
York Central College at McGrawville, New 
York, where he graduated in his sixteenth 
year. In 18t)6 his parents removed to Jeffer- 
son county, AVisconsin. where be was a clerk 
for a lumber firm for about three yeai's. In 
1869 he went to Chicago and continued in 
the same line of business, becoming a part- 
ner the next year; but the great fire of Octo- 
ber, 1871, swept away all his possessions. 
For the next four or five years he was en- 
gaged in various pursuits, and was making 
a good start toward the reparation of his lost 
fortune when the panic of 1873 disastrously 
supervened. In 1880 he went to Egan, Da- 
kota, as a lumber agent for John Paul, of La 
Crosse, and during the two years of his resi- 
dence there he was elected the first ]\[ayor of 
that town. In 1882 he came to La Crosse, 
and until 1885 was superintendent of the 
branch yard department of Mr. Paul. The 
next two years he was a retail lumber mer- 
chant at Spring Valley, Minnesota, and since 
then he has been a wholesale lumber mer- 
chant in La Crosse. He is now Alderman for 
the Nineteenth Ward. 

Mr. Eoynton is a member of the orders 
of F. & A. M., I. O. O. F., and K. of P.; 
and both himself and wife are members of 
the Baptist Church, he being a deacon in the 
same. He was married in La Crosse, to Miss 
Nellie A. Parker, a native of Iowa and a 
daughter of James Parker, of Monona, Iowa. 
Her father was a native of the State of New 
York. 



flJANK BAILEY.— The boot and shoe 
trade has many able and worthy ex- 
ponents in the city of La Crosse, but 
none that enjoys a wider or better deserved 
popularity than the boot and shoe emporium 



belonging to Frank Bailey, at 220 Main 
1 street, and the citizens of the place refer to 
it with justifiable pride as an evidence of 
j what the possibilities of the trade are, when 
I distinguished enterprise is allied to business 
capacity of the highest order, and unre- 
! mitting energy and industry. Mr. Bailey 
j was born in Wimiesheik county, Iowa, April 
25, 18(51, his parents, Andrew and Mary 
(Butler) Bailey, being natives of Connecticut 
and New York respectively. The father was 
for many years a dyer in Elgin, Illinois, and 
although now retired from the active duties 
of life, he was for thirty-five years a tiller of 
the soil and was well known as a law-abiding 
and useful citizen. He has now reached the 
advanced age of eighty years, and throughout 
his long career has never had a serious spell 
of sickness. His wife died in March, 1865, 
when forty-five years of age, her life having 
been characterized by a conscientious dis- 
charge of duty and a desire to follow the 
teachings of the golden rule. Of a family 
of seven children l)orn to them, the subject 
of this sketch is the youngest, and one of the 
six surviving members. His early knowledge 
of books was acquired in the public schools 
of Iowa, and his literary education was fin- 
ished in a business college of Dekorali. At 
the age of sixteen years he began learning 
the trade of a blacksmith, which calling he 
energetically pui'sued nntil 1880, when he 
began clerking for his brother, M. H. Bailey, 
in a general mercantile store in Hokah, Min- 
nesota, in whose employ he remained for four 
years. At the end of this time he came to 
La Crosse, Wisconsin, and entered the em- 
ploy of Quinn, Batchelder & Co., shoe mer- 
ciiants, but at the eiid of one and one-half 
years, or in 1886, he opened an establishment 
of his own, aiid at once reached the foremost 
place "in the confidence and patronage of a 
discriminatinsr public. He carries a stock of 



BIOGRAPHIC AL HISTORY. 



147 



goods valued at over $0,000, which is one of 
the most comprehensive and carefully selected 
in the city. Mr. Bailey is known to handle 
only the productions of the most reputable 
and responsible makers, such as he can recom- 
mend and guarantee to his customers for 
superiority of material, workmanship, style 
and durability. On the 24th of September, 
1884, Miss Anna Boehm, daughter of Xever 
Boehm, of Ilokah, Minnesota, became his 
wife, and to tiieir union one child has been 
born: Eugene A., a bright and promising 
little son. Mr. Bailey is a member of the 
Baptist Church, and socially is a member of 
the Modern Woodmen. He is an indus- 
trious, pushing business man, has made his 
own start in the world, and deserves much 
credit for the success of his efforts. Mrs. 
Bailey's parents are now quite advanced in 
years, and are well known and highly re- 
spected residents of Houston county, Minne- 
sota. To them a family of three sons and 
live daughters were born, all of whom are 
living, respected, law-abiding citizens, and 
are doing well. 

-^-^^^^^^^^^^^ 

fALVlN W. DEMMON of La Crosse, 
was born in the village of Tuscarora, 
Livingston county, New York, Novem- 
ber 26, 1835. He is of New England par- 
entage, his father, Calvin Demmon, having 
been a native of Vermont, and his mother, 
whose maiden name was Nancy Swett, a 
native of New Hampshire. Their earliest 
married life was passed in Cayuga county, New 
York, they removing to Livingston county 
about 1830. Calvin Demmon followed the 
occupation of wool-carding and cloth-dressing 
many years. His death occurred near Nunda, 
New York, in March, 1875, his wife passing 
away at the same place, August 17, 1868. 



They were the parents of six children, the 
eldest and third of whom, Charlotte and 
Warren, died in childhood. B. F., the eldest 
of the family who grew to mature years, was 
a soldier in the war of the rel)e]lion, serving 
three years as a member of the One Hun- 
dred and Thirty-sixth Regiment, New York 
Volunteer Infantry, which served with the 
Eleventh Corps in the Army of the Potomac, 
and later with the Twentieth Corps, partici- 
pating in Sherman's Atlanta Campaign and 
"March to the Sea." He died at Nunda, 
New York, in December 1886, at the age of 
about lifty-nine years. The subject of this 
sketch and Mrs. Eliza A. Ashton, of New 
Hartford, Iowa, are the only surviving mem- 
bers of the family. Calvin W. Demmon was 
educated in the school of his native village 
and at the Genesee Wesleyan Seminary at 
Lima, New York. He began teaching at the 
age of twenty, teaching and attending school 
alternately. 

He came West in March, 1806, and taught 
one term of school in Decatur, Illinois. In 
August, however, of the same year, he was 
elected principal of the Third Ward school in 
Dubuque, Iowa. This school enrolled a thou- 
sand pupils and employed fifteen teachers 
besides the principal. Here one half of his 
time was given to instructing classes, and 
the other half to superintending the school. 
He fully sustained the excellent reputation 
he had gained at Decatur, Illinois, as in- 
structor, disciplinarian and organizer. In 
August, 1867, he was appointed principal of 
the First Ward school of La Crosse, a position 
he held for seven years. This school, under 
his superintendence, was carefully and thor- 
oughly graded, and to him belongs the honor 
of preparing the first course of study for the 
public schools of La Crosse. He discharged 
the duties of principal with signal success 
and ability for seven years, winning a promi 



148 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORT. 



nent place araong the successful educators of 
the State in the ineantiim^. On severing his 
connection witli tlie .schools of La Crosse, lie 
left behind liini a universal rej^ret at a serious 
loss incurred, but an impression of his per- 
sonal force upon the work of the schools 
which, it is stated on good authority, is felt 
to this day. In 1874-, he engaged in the 
mercantile business at Spring Valley, Alin- 
nesota, with Mr. M. F. Varney, who was for 
a number of years the popular principal of 
the Third AVard school of La Crosse. After 
two years' experience in the mercantile busi- 
ness, Mr. Demmon removed to Iowa with 
his family and resumed teaching, temporarily 
in the high scliool at Cedar Falls. In 1879 
lie returned to La Crosse. 

He has for many years been engaged in 
county history work, much of the time as a 
representative of the Lewis Publishing Com- 
pany, of Chicago, the publisiiei's of this work. 

Mr. Demmon was married in La Crosse, in 
1870, to Miss Laura C. Wheeler, daugliter of 
Charles and Laura Wheeler. The former 
was born in Ohio, in 1802, and the latter in 
Massachusetts, in 1808. They resided many 
years of their married life in Lake county, 
Ohio, removing thence to Adams county, 
Wisconsin, and thence to Dunn county. The 
father died in La Crosse, at tlie home of his 
daughter, Mrs. Adelaide Dudley, May 31, 
1878, and tiie mother at the iiome of Mr. and 
Mrs. Demmon, May 23, 1886. There are 
live surviving members of the family of 
Mr. and Mrs. Wheeler. Solon S., the eldest, 
is a resident of Dunn county, Wisconsin. 
He enlisted early in the war of the rebellion 
as a member of the Fourth Wisconsin. lie 
was twenty-two months a prisoner of war, 
first confined at Belle Isle, Virginia, and 
soon after the erection of the stockade at 
Andersonville he was transferred to that 
place, where lie was confined until the close 



of the war. His confinement in that infa- 
mous prison pen included nearly the whole 
time of its e.xistence, exhibiting powers of 
endurance in that most loathsome of rebel 
pri.ions, almost without parallel; Adelaide A., 
widow of E. D. Dudley, resides in Pomona, 
California; Evelyn L, wife of T. S. A\ in- 
chell, in Seattle, Washington; Mrs. Dem- 
mon is next in order of birth, having been 
born June 20, 1849, in Lake county, Ohio; 
Ciiarles E., tlie youngest, resides in Day 
county. South Dakota. Mr. and Mrs. Dem- 
mon have liad five children: Byron Franklin, 
born May 27, 1S71, died at the age of four- 
teen months; Nannie Laura, born July 1, 
1872, attained to the age of eighteen years; 
graduated at the liigh school of La Crosse, in 
the class of 1890, a most lovely and accom- 
plished girl, and her death occurred October 
15, of the same year; Adda E., born August 
18, 1874; Callie W., November 7, 1877, and 
Marion Louise, September 2, 1891. 



APTAIN M. M. LOONEY, Captain of 
the Clyde on the Mississippi river, is 
one of the prominent residents of La 
Crosse, and although young in years he has 
made a fine reputation for business ability. 
He was born in La Crosse, Wisconsin, June 
6. 1854, and is tlie son of Captain A. H. and 
Elizabeth (Wright) Looney, the father a na- 
tive of Kandoiph county, Illinois, born in 
1830, and the mother of Washington county, 
New York. The paternal grandfather, John 
S. Looney, was a native of Tennessee and 
one of the pioneer settlers of Wisconsin, 
coming here as early as 1836. He settled 
in what is now La Fayette county and 
resided there until 1852, when he came to 
La Crosse. Tlie following year lie moved to 
Minnesota, settling in the valley of Root 



BJOORAPHlCAL UISTOBT. 



149 



river, aud was the first white settler in what 
is still known as "Looney's Valley." His 
death occurred at Warren, Illinois, October 
15, 1891. Captain A. H. Looney came to 
La Crosse, Wisconsin, in April, 1851, and 
ten years later moved to Winona county, 
Minnesota. In the spring of 1859 he went 
to the Rocky mountains and was engaged in 
speculating and mining until 1861, wiien he 
returned to Minnesota, where he followed 
steam boating. In the fall of 1878 he located 
in La Crosse, but made no change in his 
business for some time. However he has 
done but little on the river for the past ten 
years and is now in the Unit.id States em- 
ploy under the jurisdiction of the general 
land office, having held that position most 
of the time for seven years. He was mar- 
ried in the fall of 1851 to Miss Wright, and 
to them were born five children, their eldest 
son, Frank, being among the first white 
children born in La Crosse. This son died 
with consumption in 1889, at the early age 
of thirty-seven. lie was widely and favor- 
ably known, and was as popular as he was 
widely known, lie was pilot and Captain 
on the river also. The remainder of the 
ciiildren were named in the order of their 
births as follows: Captain M. M.; Grant, 
who died in 1859, at the age of three years; 
Carrie B., who graduated from the high school 
of La Crosse in 1882, and since that 
time has been teaching in the primary de- 
partment of the public schools here; Lark, 
the youngest child, is the wife of Frank Toms 
and now resides in La Crosse. She is the 
mother of one child, Robert. Captain A. 
H. Looney is a man possessed of many admir- 
able qualities of mind and heart and his 
career has been upright and honorable. 
Captain M. M. Looney was reared and edu- 
cated in La Crosse, Wisconsin, and has 
followed the river all his life, the Mississippi 



and St. Croix. He has qnite an extensive 
experience and lias been a steamboat Captain 
for some time. 

He was married first in 1879, to Miss Minnie 
Moore, daughter of B. J. and Alvina Moore, 
of Minnesota. Three children were born 
to this union: Susie, Hollis and Wilbur. 
Mrs. Looney died in 1882, when but twenty- 
six years of age. She was a worthy member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Captain 
Looney's second marriage was in 1889, to 
Miss Ella Moore, sister of his former wife. 
They have one child, Jerry Thurman. Mrs. 
Looney is also a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. Captain Looney belongs 
to several orders. He takes but little interest 
in politics, but generally affiliates with the 
Democratic party. 



fj. KAVENAUGH, manager of the 
North American Postal Telegraph Com- 
® pany, of La Crosse, Wisconsin, is one 
of the later acquisitions to the business cir- 
cles. of the city, and although comparatively 
a new man he is fast working into the front 
line in his business, and ranks among the 
leading men of his calling in this portion of 
the State. He brings with him business ca- 
pacity and sagacity, which, coupled with an 
extensive experience in his calling, as well 
as in other lines of business, enables him to 
readily take an advanced position in any 
community. He was born in Dane county, 
Wisconsin, July 1, 1868, to Torrence and 
Elizabeth (Burns) Kavenaugh, both of whom 
were born in Ireland, the former being still 
engaged in contracting in Dane county, Wis- 
consin, although fifty-seven years of age. 
He has won an excellent reputation as a busi- 
ness man, and is an honored citizen of the 
section in which he resides. His wife, who 



150 



BlOGRAPniVAL HISTORY. 



is about the same age as liimself, is possessed 
of those womanly graces and virtues wliich 
make a pleasant home, and they are numbered 
among the pioneer residents of their adopted 
connty. Both are devout members of the 
Catiiolic Churcii, and reared their children in 
this faith. 

J. J. Kavenaugh is the third of their six 
children, and was educated in the public and 
private schools of Madison, Wisconsin. 
When thirteen years of age he took charge 
of the telegraph othce at at Portage, Wiscon- 
sin, as day operator, and after working six 
months was promoted to the dispatciier's 
office at Stevens' Point, Wisconsin. At the 
end of one year he was sent to St. Paul, 
Minnesota, and there worked as a day opera- 
tor for one year in charge of the Great North- 
ern Railroad. Following this he worked in 
Heron, Montana, one year as manager of the 
Northern Paciiic Telegraph Company, then 
accepted his old position in St. Paul, and in 
1886 came to La Crosse, wliere he has been 
ever since. He worked in tiie Western Union 
until 1887, when he accepted his present 
position, which he has filled in a very satis- 
factory manner. During all his changes in 
telegraphic work he has never been discharged, 
but on the contrary has the best of testimoni- 
als as to his efficiency. He has always been 
strictly temperate, and neither smokes, chews 
nor drinks. He is very methodical in his 
habits, and his course of life from year to 
year does not deviate from the established 
rules adopted years ago. He is of a social 
disposition, and his many sterling character- 
istics make him an acquisition to the business 
and social cii-cles of La Crosse. He was the 
youngest operator in the United States when 
at Portage, Wisconsin, and before he was 
fourteen years of age he received §50 per 
month for his services. 

He was married in La Crosse, October 24, 



1888, to Miss Sarah Masterson, daugh'.er of 
John and Sarah Masterson, of La Crosse, the 
former of (vhom died in 1869 when abont lifty 
years of age. The widow is still living, an 
honored resident of La Crosse. They were the 
oldest residents of Vernon county from Ohio, 
in which State Mr. Masterson was a successful 
and wealthy farmer. Li the early history of 
this State he carried the mail on horseback 
from Rising Sun to La Crosse for three years. 
He was an intimate friend of ex-Governor 
Rusk, and was familiarly known as "T^ncie 
John " by the many who knew and loved him. 
His wife, whose maiden name was Lyons, was 
twice married, her first husband being Michael 
Morrison. He was frozen to death within 
one-half mile of his home, with others, in 
the winter of 1865. He was the father of 
the following children: Mary, now Mrs. Hugh 
Donahoe; Anna, wife of P. K. Mann; Mar- 
garet, who died at the age of sixteen years. 
To Mr. Masterson and his wife three daugh- 
ters were born: Ella, a milliner of La Crosse; 
Dora, wife of J. P. Rogers, of Glasgow, Mon- 
tana, and Mrs. Kavenaugh, who is the young- 
est of the family. One child has blessed the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Kavenaugh: Helen, 
who is a bright little girl now three years of 
age. His residence is a pleasant and attractive 
one, an air of refinement and taste pervades 
all its surroundings; and the generous and 
true-hearted hospitality displayed there is the 
delight of the many friends who gather be- 
neath its roof. 



^\ 



^ 




ILLTAM R. SILL, of La Crosse, is a 
native of Windsor, Connecticut, born 
in 1822. He is of English descent, of 
the seventh generation in this country, dat- 
ing back to 1638. Mr. Sill spent the early 
days of his business life in the practice of 



BIOOEAPUIOAL HISTORY. 



151 



civil encrineerinor on railroads, and came to 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1853 to take charge 
of the construction of the La Crosse & Mil- 
waukee Railroad, and retained connection 
with that road under its various titles (with 
the exception of two years) until 1866. 

He came to La Crosse in 1856, and with 
others platted the village of North La Crosse, 
he owning one-fourth of same and acting as 
asrent for the other owners. He also became 
interested in the lumber business in 1856, 
and aided in building one of the four sawmills 
constructed during that year in North La 
Crosse, and operated the same up to 1880. 
He was one of the company (and manager) 
to build the wagon road between La Crosse 
and North La Crosse, which road was made 
passable early in 1857, and was afterwards 
turned over to the city, and is to-day probably 
the greatest thoroughfare in Western Wis- 
consin. 

In May, 1858, he was married to Mary Gr. 
Edgar, of St. Louis, Missouri, started house- 
keeping on the corner of State and Tenth 
streets, La Crosse, and has occupied the same 
premises as resident to this date. 



i4»-»t 



'-^ 



^UNCAN D. McMillan, banker. La 
Crosse, Wisconsin. — Mr. McMillan, who 
has been identified with the best inter- 
ests of La Crosse for many years, and who is 
president of the State Bank of this city, was 
born in Stormont county, Ontario, Canada, 
June 20, 1837, and is of Scotch descent, 
his parents, D. B. and Mary (McMillan) 
McMillan, both being natives of Scotland. 
(See sketch of Alexander McMillan.) Duncan 
McMillan received a thorough education in 
the public schools of Canada, and first started 
out for himself by engaging in the lumber 
business in his native country. He came to 



La Crosse, Wisconsin, November 13, 1856, 
and was with his brothers, John and Alex- 
ander, in the lumber trade for some time. 
He subsequently studied law with his brother, 
E. H. McMillan, was admitted to the bar but 
never practiced that profession, as other pur- 
suits engaged his attention. In August, 
1868, he was in the ordnance department 
with Captain J. H. I'urdick for several months 
after the fall of Vicksburg, and later he was 
in tiie Quartermaster's department for a year 
with Captain A. R. Eddy, who was after- 
wards promoted to the rank of Colonel. 
Mr. McMillan engaged permanently in the 
lumber business in 1864, and has followed 
that until the present time. He and his 
brother owned the gas works in La Crosse, but 
the former sold out in 1882. The following 
year he was elected president of the State 
Bank of La Crosse, which position he has 
held ever since. He was elected president 
of the Black River Improvement Company, 
and has been a director in the same for 
eighteen years. He was Alderman of the city 
in 1878-'79, also a member of the Board 
of Supervisors, served seven years in the 
City Council, and served on the Board of 
Education for two terms. He was also one of 
the members of the Bridge Committee that 
built the bridge across the Mississippi river. 
It will thus be seen that Mr. McMillan is 
a man possessed of extraordinary executive 
ability, good judgment and dignity, and to 
these qualities the able and efiicient discharge 
of his official duties may be attributed. His 
official relations have proven his sympathy 
for the city's best interests, and his fellow- 
townsmen have expressed their appreciation 
of his services by several re-elections to the 
same office. Mr. McMillan was married in 
1866 to Miss Mary J. McCrea, daughter of 
Stephen McCrea, of Canada. They have six 
children now living, namely: Mary I., wife 



152 



BIOQRAPHIGAL HISTORY. 



of Dr. Rowles, a prominent pliysician of La 
Crosse; John II., at Fort Wortli, Texas, 
engaged in the grain trade; he was for three 
years messenger in the State Bank, after 
which he spent two years in the grain busi 
ness at Minneapolis, Minnesota, with the firm 
of Osborn AMcMiUan. William D. is with 
his brother John ; he was a student at Lake 
Forest College for two years. Dan is also at 
Fort Worth, and Jennie and Bessie are pupils 
of the La Crosse public schools. Mr. Mc- 
Millan and wife are worthy members of the 
[-"resbyterian Church, of which the former is 
trustee; are leading and popular members 
of society, and possess social qualities of a 
high order, lie is a member of the Knights 
of Honor and Royal Arcanum. He was for- 
merly a Republican in his political views, but 
since 1872 has acted with the Democratic 
party. Mr. McMillan deservedly enjoys an 
enviable reputation in his official and busi- 
ness relations, and a generous appreciation as 
a good citizen. 

— -^ ^sxr - ^ — 

OTT, Sk., is the proprietor of the West 
Wisconsin Iron Works, located at La 
® rosso, and has associated with him in 
business his three sons: B., Jr., who is vice- 
president; Fred. A., who is treasurer and book- 
keeper, and John, who is general superintend- 
ent. This is one of the most noteworthy and 
representative houses engaged in the iron 
foundry business in the city, and the founda- 
tion of this enterprise dates from 1879, when 
it was established by Mr. Ott. The shop is 
equipped with the best anil latest improve- 
ments in machinery and tools for the success- 
ful prosecution of this important business, 
and steady employment is given to eleven 
skilled mechanics. In 1867 Mr. Ott and 
Joseph Barter invented the twine binder — the 



first ever invented in the country — a part of 
which is used at the present time. They 
sold the patent to McCormick and the Deer- 
ing Manufacturing Company, but it has 
now run out and the machines are in general 
use. The members of this firm are machinists, 
mill furnishers, engine builders and are the 
agents for pumj)S, engines, governors, etc. 
Mr. Ott invented the bark-shaving mill, a 
machine for cutting the bark for tanuers, 
and this they patented in 1885, taking out 
three patents. B. Ott, Sr., was born in 
Bavaria, June 3, 1836, and came with his 
parents, John and Magdalena (Wiesman) 
Ott, to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1841, where 
the father followed the calling of a stone- 
cutter. The father died December 17, 1873, 
when sixty- seven years old, the mother's 
death occurring December 13, 1878, at the 
age of seventy throe. Both were members 
of the Catholic Church. B. Ott was the second 
of their nine children, three of whom are now 
living, and began life for himself by peddling 
matches in Buffalo, New York, and later in 
Milwaukee. His next busin?s8 was in strip- 
ping and packing tobacco, and tiiis he fol- 
lowed until he obtained a position at mixing 
clay with his feet in a tile factory, in which 
occupation many other boys were engaged. 
Following this he was engaged in putting up 
stoves for a stove factory of Milwaukee, after 
which he was put to grinding and polishing 
flat irons with the firm of Decker & Saville 
(now E. F. Ellis) and later became an ap- 
prentice in a machine shop with Turken & 
Circums. In the fall of 1854, he went to 
Dubuque, lovva, wher^ he worked at his trade 
in the foundry and machine shop of Ruggles 
Walter until 1856, when he came to La Crosse. 
He first secured employment with Thomas & 
Stantield,on tlireshing-machines, after which 
he served in the same capacity with George 
M. Leech in the Pioneer foundry, and after 



BIOGRAPEICAL HISTORY. 



153 



Mr. Leech sold out to C. C. and E. iy. 
Smitii he remained with these gentlemen until 
they sold to Thornely & James, when he 
established his present business. He has been 
Chief of the Fire Department of La Crosse 
one season, and has served as city Alderman 
one term. He has been and is now a director 
of one of the building and loan associations 
of the city, — the La Crosse Building and 
Loan Association, — and has otherwise inter- 
ested himself in the affairs of the city. 

February 14, 1857, Theresa Ulrich of Mil- 
waukee became his wife, and is the mother 
of his nine children: Benedict, married to 
Lina Bichter, by whom he has one child; 
(■rusta, Jolin, George, who married Lizzie 
Tultns; Teresa, wife of Arnold Roemer; 
Willie, a bookkeeper for Segelke & Kaul- 
house, and married to Lena Blumstrib; Fred, 
a bookkeeper in liis father's factory; Ida, 
Gustave and Matilda. Mr. Ott is a member 
ot the A. F. & A. M., the T. O. O. F., and in 
his political views is independent. He is a 
skillful and excellent workman, and is held 
in high esteem for his sterlinj^ worth and many 
admirable quilities. 



ifSON. ADELBERT E. BLEEKMAN, of 
the law Arm of Bleekman & Blooming- 
dale. La Crosse, was born in Salisbury, 
Herkimer county, New York, March 26, 
1846. On the paternal side he is of Holland 
ancestry, and on the maternal side he is of 
German extraction. His great-grandfather, 
Daniel Bleekman, a Hollander, Jccated near 
Stratford, Connecticut, prior to tlie Revolu- 
tionary war, and belonged to a cointnunityof 
colonists. He was one of a party who erected 
a liberty pole, and protected it from the 
British ax by foi-ging nails and driving 
them into tlic pole. 



He was a soldier all through the Revolu- 
tionary war, and was with Ethan Allen when 
he demanded the surrender of Ticonderoga 
"in the name of the great Jehovah and the 
Continental Congress." Eljcuezer Bleekman, 
a son of Daniel, and grandfather of our sub- 
ject, served in the war of 1812, and partici- 
pated in the historic battle of Sackett's 
Harbor. 

Warren Bleekman, the father of Adelbert 
E., was born at Stratford, Fulton county, 
New York, December 14, 1816, and died at 
La Fayette, Ohio, September 2, 1865. His 
wife, Amanda Jacobs, was born in Salisbury, 
New York, February 26, 1826, and died at 
the same place as her husband, March 7, 
1857. Three children were born to them: 
Adelbert E., Herbert E. and Ernest L. After 
the death of Mrs. Bleekman, Mr. B. married 
again, and had one child, Mary A. 

In 1850 the family removed to Ohio, 
where our subject attended schools of va- 
rious grades until his enlistment in the army, 
which occurred February 24, 1864, being 
assigned to Company A, Second Ohio Cav- 
alry. The company was organized at Akron. 
From the time of his enlistment until he re- 
ceived a disabling injury, he participated in 
all of the engagements of his regiment; took 
part in the Wilderness campaign, being with 
the Ninth Army Corps on the right during 
the terrible fighting of May 5, 1864. He 
was in the engagement of Spottsylvania, Han- 
over Courthouse, Ashland Station and Mal- 
vern Hill; he was with the Wilson raiding 
party, which destroyed the Danville and Wel- 
don Railroad. He received a severe injury 
to his leg, and was sent to the City Point 
Hospital, and thence to Washington, where 
he obtained a furlough, remaining at home 
forty-five days during the presidential cam- 
paign of 1864. He was mustered out of 
service June 30, 1865. Returning home he 



154 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



again entered school; he was a student ar the 
academy at Little Falls, New York, and after- 
ward at Albert College, Belleville, Ontario. 
In March, 18^9, he located at Toinah, Wis- 
consin, and taught school two years, mean- 
while devoting his leisure hours to the study 
of law. In September, 1870, he was admitted 
to practice, and in July of tiie following year 
lie opened an office for the practice of his 
profession in Tomah. He was elected to the 
Assembly of Wisconsin in the fall of 1872, 
and in the following year he was chosen to 
represent his party in the State Senate. At 
tiie close of the senatorial term he removed 
to Sparta, where he continued in the prac- 
tice of his profession until 1886, the date of 
his removal to La Crosse. In 1876 he was 
elected District Attorney of Monroe county, 
in whicii position he served one term. Since 
h)c:iting in La Crosse Mr. Bieekman has 
devoted himself assiduously to his profes- 
sional work, and has declined any honors not 
connected with his legal interests. A close 
student, witii ample facilities for self-improve- 
ment, a tine professional library, a highly 
developed literary taste, and a fluent speaker, 
it is not strange that he soon received recog- 
iiition as a trial lawyer among the most able 
aTul successful attorneys in the city. He is 
closely devoted to his profession, and makes 
that paramount to all otiier considerations. 
A large and increasing practice is the legiti- 
mate outgrowth of close attention to busi- 
ness in all its details. 

Mr. Bieekman has been twice married. 
His tirst wife, Eliza, daughter of Timothy 
and Tirzah Farnham, of Belleville, Ontario, 
died in April. 1875, leaving one child, Will- 
iam E. August 24, 1876, Mr. B. was mar- 
ried to Alice, daughter of Harvey and Maria 
(Whitoii) Basil, of Tomah. Wisconsin. Three 
children have blessed this union: Katie (de- 
ceased), Adelbert E. and Ruth. Mr. B. is a 



Republican in politics, and socially is a mem- 
ber of the G. A. K, I. O. O. F. &. A. F. & 
A. M. 



-«-T-^c/2/2/- 



~^uwy^^^ 



E. IIOIIXE is a member of the firm of 
Miller & Home, whose fine wholesale 
' and retail crockery establishment is 
located at 322 Pearl street. La Crosse, Wis- 
consin. This flourishing concern was founded 
in December, 1890, and they have secured 
for their stock in trade the enviable reputa- 
tion of being the best and most comprehen- 
sive in its line of all in the city. Their 
commercial career has been one highly credit- 
able in every respect, and they have already 
gained the confidence of leading mercantile 
and financial circles, and are merchants of 
the highest standing and soundest judgment, 
whose success has been developed upon the 
sure basis of efficiency and integrity. The 
business now is 300 per cent, greater than it 
was in the same building before the present 
partnership was formed, and bnt few of the 
people of La Crosse know the vast amount of 
goods h.'ndled by this firm. In addition to 
their store they have several large storage 
rooms, with a capacity equal to five times that 
of their retail store, and their freight bills 
are perhaps the largest of all in the mercantile 
line in the city. Mr. Home was born in 
Iowa, March 13, 1863, to H. B. and J. K. 
(Baird) Home, the former of whom was born 
in Northumberland, England, and the latter 
in Canada. The father's trade was cabinet- 
making, but for the jiast twentj' years he has 
been a market gardener. Both parents are 
still living and reared a family of seven chil- 
dren, five cf whom are living, the subject of 
this sketch being the eldest of the family. 
He obtained his education in the public 
schools, and after working in a fruit and 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



155 



fancy grocery house at McGregor, Iowa, for 
some time, he began traveling for the firm, 
continuing in their employ for four years, 
following which he was with a La Crosse 
wholesale grocery house for six years. He 
was a shrewd, yet perfectly honorable sales- 
man, and his services were highly valued by 
his employers. In 1888 Miss Ellen Eowen, 
of Marysville, California, became his wife, and 
their union has been blessed in the birth of 
a bright little daughter of two summers, 
Ellen. Mr. and Mrs. Home are members of 
the Pi-esbyterian Church, and in politics he 
afhliates with the Republican party. Mr. 
Home and Mr. Miller have paved their own 
way to success, and are reaping the reward 
of industi-y and integrity. 



-'^ux/yi,-- 



-^innn^^ 



^AVID LAW, who is now retired from 
active business, was formerly connected 
with some of the leading enterprises of 
La Crosse, and is fully entitled to the follow- 
ing space in the history of La Crosse county. 
He WHS born September 17, 1833, at James- 
town, Chautauqua county, New Y'ork, and is 
a son of Hiram and Johanna (Arnold) Law. 
The mother was a daughter of David Arnold, 
who was one of the first white settlers of 
Chautauqua county, New York. Our suliject 
lived at Jamestown until he was twenty-two 
years uf age, receiving a common-school edu- 
cation. In the spring of 1855 he came AVest 
and located at La Crosse. His first business 
venture was in cutting and storing ice and 
furnishing supplies to steamboats. He car- 
ried on this enterprise four or five years, 
and then purchased the omnibus line of Mr. 
Blossom. Later he bought an interest in the 
livery business from Thomas Davis, and af- 
terwards added the tran;^fer line of Mi-. Met- 
calf, continuing the management of the three 



branches until 1861, when he disposed of 
the entire business. 

Upon the breaking out of the civil war he 
enlisted in the service, and had been on 
duty two years when his health failed him, 
and he was obliged to return to his home. 
In 1865 he bought his old transfer line, and 
built up an enormous business. In 187-1 he 
engaged in the lumber business, forming for 
this purpose the firm of Hackett, Law & 
Mosher. Mr. Hackett retiring in 1879, the 
firm became Law & Mosher, and this 
relationship existed until 1886. 

Mr. Law was united in marriacre, Decem- 
ber 25, 1864, to Miss Emma Smith, a daugh- 
ter of Samuel Smith. To them have been 
born five children: Lillie M., Charles, Archie, 
Josie and Sydney. 

Politically Mr. Law is identified with the 
Democratic party. He has served as Mar- 
shal of La Crosse for tliree years, as Alderman 
nine years, and as Mayor three years. He 
has filled these various positions with much 
credit to himself, and has made a most effi- 
cient otficer. He has always taken a deep 
interest in his party, and has been a promi- 
nent member of its councils. He is now 
retired from active business pursuits, as be- 
fore stated, but the commerce of tJie county 
for many years felt the strong impetus of 
his touch, and was greatly profited thereby. 



■-5M5- 



I^ENRY C. HEATH, the present Grand 
CM) Recorder in the Jurisdiction of Wiscon- 
~^M sin. Ancient Order of United Workmen, 
was born in the city of New York, May 31, 
1831. When a lad of eight years his par- 
ents removed to Plattsburg, New York, and 
there the father engaged in the business of 
marble-cutting. In his early youth our sub- 
ject was employed in those occupations which 



m> 



BIOORAPUICAL n I STORY. 



assured liiin a robust pliysical developineiit, 
a possession that lias been of tbo greatest 
value to liim. lie received an academic edu- 
cation, and at the age of eighteen years he 
went to learn the carriageinaker's trade. 
This he rapidly acquired, and in 1852 he 
embarked in the business on his own account; 
he operated a factory at Ran<lolph, New 
York, for three years, meeting with marked 
success. Desirous of seeing something of 
the West, he sold this business and came 
to La Crosse, Wisconsin. Here he estab- 
lished himself in the same trade, and in con- 
nection with the manufacture of carriages, 
did building and contracting in partnership 
with his brother, W. F. Heath. Their busi- 
ness increased to such an extent that they 
found it to their advantage to admit another 
partner, and in 1859 Mr. K. C. Tift joined 
them; the old firm of Heath & Tift will 
long be remembered by the pioneer citizens 
of La Crosse. At the end of two years Mr. 
Tift bought the entire business. 

Mr. Heath's next investment was in a pho- 
tograph gallery, which he bought of J. S. Pat- 
ten. This enterprise claimed his attention 
until 1867, when he sold out and embarked 
ill the wholesale and retail grocery business 
with O. H. Smith as a partner, the firm name 
being Heath & Smith. In 1870 he pur- 
chased Mr. Smith's interest in the concern, 
and conducted it alone until 1874, when he 
closed out and returned to the photographic 
art. He bought the gallery of J. A. Ray- 
mond, and by close attention soon became an 
expert operator. There is scarcely a collec- 
tion of photographs in La Crosse that does 
not contain a specimen of his work. 

In September, 1876, he became a member 
of the Ancient Order of United Workmen, 
and February 2, 1877, he was elected Grand 
Recorder. He brought to this ofHce the same 
business methods, good judgment and tact 



which he had always exercised in his private 
affairs. He has so completely won the 
confidence and good will uf tiie order that 
he has been elected to the office to succeed 
himself since 1877 to the jiresent time. His 
last election was at Milwaukee, in May, 1891. 
He has several times represented this juris- 
diction in the Supreme Lodge of the order, 
filling the position with great credit to him- 
self and to the advantage of the entire order. 
In 1885 the work of the office of tiie Grand 
Recorder had reached such proportions as to 
require the entire time of Mi'. Heath. He 
disposed of his private interests and has 
since been devoting his time exclusively to 
the business of the order. He has been a 
most efficient officer, courteous and oblitrino, 
and has won a wide circle of friends through- 
out the State. 



AVID AUSTIN, a member of the Saw- 
yer & Austin Lumber Company, is a 
^^ native of Scotland, but came with his 
parents to America i»1835, at the age of nine 
years. The family settled in Cattaraugus 
county, New York, where he received his 
education in the common schools. In the 
fall of 1848 he embarked in the lumber 
business on the Alleghany river, at Alleghany, 
New York, where he remained sixteen or 
eighteen years. He then closed up his busi- 
ness and removed to Cleveland, Ohio, where 
he conducted a lumber business for four years. 
The tide of emigrationwas sweeping strongly 
to the frontier, which was not then removed 
far from the baid<s of the Jklississippi river, 
and drifting with the current he came to La 
Crosse, where he formed a partnership with 
A. E. Sawyer, of Black River Falls, Wis- 
consin, under the firm name of Sawjer «fe 
Austin, for tiie jiurpose of carrying on a 



BIOGUAPHWAL HISTORY. 



157 



general logging and lumber business on Black 
river, with headquarters at La Crosse. In 
the spring of 1872 Mr. Austin removed to 
La Crosse, the firm continuing in business 
until the death of Mr. Sawyer. His widow 
and son, William E., still held an interest in 
the establishment until the business was 
incorporated xinder the name of the Sawder & 
Austin Lumber Company. They have their 
offices and sawmills located at La Crosse, and 
are doing a large business; their logs come 
from the Black and Chippewa rivers, where 
tliey own large tracts of land. 

Although Mr. Austin lacks but five years 
of the allotted three score and ten years, he 
is still actively engaged in commercial enter- 
prises, confining the most of his time to the 
lumber trade, which he has steadily followed 
since 1848. 

He has been twice married: his first union 
was in 1851, to Miss Lovina Crosby, of 
Franklinville, New York. She died October 
1, 1864, leaving two children, one of whom, 
Ora G., is still living; he is a member of 
the Sawyer & Austin Lumber Company. 
The second marriage was in 1866, to Miss 
Millie Baillet, of Ellicottville, New York, a 
daughter of Francis E. Baillet, who was 
County Clerk of Cattaraugus county, New 
York, for nine years, and Deputy Clerk for 
three years or more. 

During his long business career Mr. Aus- 
tin has been too closely occupied to give much 
attention to politics, but he served as Mayor 
of La Crosse in 1887 and 1888. He is at 
this time a member of the School Board of 
the city, and is deeply interested in the pros- 
perity of our educational system. He is a 
member of the Nineteenth Century Club, a 
literary association, and of the La Crosse Club 
a social organization of the business men of 
the city. Since coming to the county he has 
been a conspicuous figure in all those enter- 

12 



prises which advance the general welfare, and 
he has won a reputation for honorable and 
upright dealing which has characterized the 
operations of his corporation. 

EDER OLAITS EVENSEN, editor and 
^ publisher of Yarden, a weekly news- 
paper in the Norwegian language, issued 
at La Crosse, Wisconsin, was born near the 
historical town of Eidsvold, Norway, nearly 
forty-nine years ago, namely, on the 24th of 
November, 1843. His father was a farmer 
at this place, and here the son remained until 
his seventeenth year, assisting his parents in 
their work, and obtaining such education as 
the locality afforded. 

At the age of seventeen he left the old 
homestead, with his mind made up to learn 
more of the world. The transactions of 
mercantile business appeared especially at- 
tractive to him, and he succeeded in obtain- 
ing a situation with a large wholesale mill- 
ing establishment at Moss, Norway. Be- 
sides acquiring a practical education in ofiice 
work, he took advantage of the spare time 
allowed him to further improve his mind by 
attending a private school of higher instruc- 
tion. The house with which he was em- 
ployed advanced him later to the position of 
traveling salesman, in which employment he 
continued for five years, from 1863 to 1868. 
It was while engaged in this employment 
that he laid the foundation for those careful 
and sound business methods which have 
stood him in so good stead in later life. His 
next residence was in Fredrikstad, where he 
carried on a grocery business of his own until 
1874. When he abandoned this occupation 
it was to accept a situation on the railway 
system of Western Norway. Here he ad- 
vanced to the position of station agent, which 



158 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



is a very responsible office in the railway 
service of that country. 

Tlie opportunities for progress and finan- 
cial improvement were, however, small in his 
native land, and he determined to emigrate 
to America, this grand country where the 
mind as well as the purse have greater op- 
portunities for growth. In 1877 he landed 
on these shores, and was forced to take hold 
of whatever employment first came to liand, 
as tliousands have done both before and since. 
He began with the hotel business at La 
Crosse, Wisconsin, in 1880, and carried it on 
successfully until ill health compelled him to 
give it up. He was of too active tempera- 
ment, however, to remain idle long, and soon 
began casting about for a different occupa- 
tion. Every cloud has its silver lining, they 
say, and so it was with Mr. Evensen's career 
at this time. In looking over the situation 
in search of a more congenial employment he 
thought of the newspaper publishing busi- 
ness. No time in the history of La Crosse 
could have been more opportune for the 
launching of such an enterprise, although it 
might appear upon first thought that to start 
a Norwegian paper in that place was to in- 
vite certain ruin and defeat. Two weekly 
newspapers in the Norwegian language had 
already filled "a long-felt want'' in LaCrosse, 
but had lieen forced to give up existence; 
Still there was room and opportunity for the 
right kind of paper, and Mr. Evensen cor- 
rectly interpreted the situation, as the result 
shows. It required a great courage, especially 
as the capital was limited, to undertake such 
an enterprise in the face of past experiences; 
but Mr. Evensen, nevertheless, issued the 
first number of Varden on the 18th of Sep- 
tember, 1888. The paper struck the popular 
chord and gave evidence, almost from the 
beginning, of future success. Careful and 
shrewd management has brought it from a 



small becinnins to be the foremost Nor- 
wegian newspaper in Wisconsin, and its 
present position and worth in the newspaper 
world are too well known to require further 
mention. 

Mr. Evensen is a stanch Republican, and 
Varden is a valuable organ in the service of 
that party. 



fOHJSI A. SALZER, deceased, late presi- 
dent of the John A. Salzer Seed Com- 
pany, was a native of Dettinger, Wiir- 
temburg, Germany, born December 8, 1823. 
He emigrated to America in 184(5, first set- 
tling at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and later 
removing to Galena, Illinois. He entered 
the ministry of the German Methodist Church 
and was stationed at Des Moines, Iowa, and 
subsequently at Iowa City, Iowa; Manitowoc, 
West Bend and Baraboo, Wisconsin; Peru, 
Illinois, and La Crosse, Wisconsin, at each 
place remaining the full length of time per- 
mitted by tlie church rules. He was every- 
where successful as a pastor, not only in 
marked additions to the membership, but in 
each of the above points he either built and 
paid for either a parsonage or church. In 
La Crosse under his pastorate, from 1860 to 
1869, he purchased the present site of the 
First German Methodist Church, and re- 
moved the old church thereon, which has now 
given way to the new. 

In 1869, on account of ill health, he with- 
drew from the active ministry and devoted 
his full time to the greenhouse business, 
which to-day has assumed such mammoth 
proportions that it is looked upon by seeds- 
men as the largest mail order business of the 
kind in America. In 1866 he came to La 
Crosse and established the La Crosse Floral 
Gardens. From a small beginning the busi- 



BIOGRAPHICAL BISTORT. 



159 



ness has grown to mammoth proportions. 
He built several greenhouses and conducted 
a general plant trade. He owned and con- 
trolled several thousand acres devoted ex- 
clusively to the growth of seeds and plants, 
this land being located in Wisconsin, Min- 
nesota, Dakota and other States. 

Mr. Saizer's system of saving only the 
best seed and testing the same carefully be- 
fore placing upon the market, created a large 
demand for his northern-grown seeds. For 
years he made a specialty of farm seeds, and 
in this line he led all American dealers. He 
was known as introducing many choice, new 
varieties of potatoes, wheat, oats, barley and 
corn, and won a reputation which extended 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific coast. 

In his annual catalogue he thus described 
his early love for flowers: "From early 
childhood I have been passionately fond of 
flowers. The summer days were always 
spent in my parents' garden. Great beds of 
phlox, pansies, verbenas, portiilaca, stock, 
sweet William, four-o'olocks, candytuft, bal- 
sam, etc., etc., were my daily delight. My 
boyhood was spent in the garden. My father 
being a nurseryman and gardener, my young 
manhood found me there; indeed, there is no 
place I feel so completely at home as when 
surrounded with plants and flowers." 

In 1886 Mr. Salzer founded the John A. 
Salzer Seed Company, of which he was presi- 
dent. This is one of the leading enterprises 
of La Crosse, and its founder was well worthy 
of the success that attended his under- 
takings. He died January 22, 1892. 

He was a liberal, unostentatious benefac- 
tor. Many a needy family, where his quiet 
though substantial assistance was known, will 
miss him. In Ills chuccli, that is under the 
German Methodists of America, he is known 
as benevolent Father Salzer, and his gifts to 
the orphan asylums, the widows, the ao-ed 



people, the needy preachers, the educational 
cause, and for mission work among the Ger- 
mans, though quietly given, run into thou- 
sands of dollars. 

From the effect of the death of Mrs. 
Salzer, which occurred the 27th of June, 
1886, Mr. Salzer never fully rallied. Theirs 
had always been an exceptionally happy mar- 
ried life, and his death is but the fulfillment 
of his fondest wish, to be reunited with her 
whom he so tenderly loved. 

He leaves in addition to his children, 
George, Henry A., John P., Ben. F.. Mrs. 
Anna Rau, Bertha and Emma, all grown up 
and living here, except Ben. F., who is in 
the lumber business in Denver, Colorado, one 
a^ed brother and sister, the former living in 
Freeport, Illinois, the latter in Centralia, 
Washington. 



-^■nyxfi/b- 



-'l/l/in^^ 



EV. WILLIAM DAVY THOMAS, Ph. 

^ D., was born in the Principality of 
Wales, January 5, 1845, and was reared 
to maturity in the city of Glasgow, Scot- 
land. His parents, Davy and Elizabeth (Da- 
vies) Thomas, were also natives of Wales, and 
the families were Celts for many generations 
back. The father and mother both died in 
1856, the former in May, and the latter in 
September, so that in early years he was de- 
prived of that tender parental care which 
means so much to childhood. At the age of 
thirteen years he was apprenticed to Messrs. 
Shoalbied, merchants of London, whom he 
served two years. A deposit of two hun- 
dred pounds sterling were required for this 
instruction. At the end of his apprentice- 
ship, he entered the Glasgow University, 
where he studied three years, although an 
accident prevented his finishing the course. 
He came to America for his health, and in 



160 



mOGRA PHI CM A iiisruii r. 



1S66 became a student at Princeton College, 
from wliicli institution lie was <;raduate<l in 
r870, with the degrees of A. B. and A. M., 
in 1873, taking a fellowt^hip in mental and ' 
moral philosophy, valued at §1,000. He 
studied one year after his gradnation, under 
Dr. McCosh, and then entered the Theologi- 
cal Department of Princeton. He was gradu- 
ated from Union Theological Seminary, in 
1873, and matriculated at tlie University 
of Leipsic, where he remained one year; 
he then went to Berlin, and in 1875 he re- 
ceived the deirree of Ph. D. He returned to 
America in 1876, and became pastor of West- 
minster Presbyterian Churcli, Leavenworth, 
Kansas. After eighteen mouths spent in 
this work ho was obliged to resign on account 
of ill health. He was afterward called to 
Winona, Minnesota, and l>ad been there three 
years and a half when he accepted a call to 
the First Presbyterian Church at La Crosse, 
coming to this city in December, 1880, and 
serving tiiis churcli eight and a half years; 
during this time the present iine editice was 
erected. In May, 1889, he accepted a call to 
the Board of Missions of the Wisconsin 
Synod, and has been a most zealous servant 
in this cause. In 1890 he delivered 150 
regular sermons, and lectured to 100 audi- 
ences, traveling GG,000 miles. He is super- 
intenileiit of the Board of Home Missions, 
Synod of Wisconsin, with permanent head- 
quarters at La Crosse. He is a gentleman 
of rare mental attainments, gifted with elo- 
quence and strong pereuasive powers. His 
leisure hours are spent with the companions 
of his lifetime, books, of which be has sev- 
eral thousaiul carefully selected volumes. 

Mr. Thomas is the only son of a family of 
live children: Sarah married J. W. Thoiiias, 
and Mary married Walter Samuel, both resid- 
ing in Cardiif, Wales; Margarelta married J. 
E. Davis, and Charlotte is the wife of W. E. 



Jones; these two reside in Liverpool. Mr. 
Thomas is the only representative of his 
family in America. His father was a builder 
and contractor, and pissed his life in Wales. 

Thirteen years of the life of our subject 
have been spent in college. His library, 
which numbers 5,000 volumes, is valued at 
$13,000. Politically he adheres to the prin- 
ciples of the Republican party. He is a 
member of Frontier Lodge, No. 45, A. F. & 
A. M., of Smith Chapter, No. 13, R. A. M., 
and of La Crosse Commaiidry, No. 9. K. T. 

The First Presbyterian Church of La Crosse 
was organized August 23, 1866, by Rev. J. 
Irwin Smith, D. D., with twenty-one mem- 
bers. Ten years Dr. Smith was elected to 
the pastorate of this church, and in June, 
1880, Mr. Thomas succeeded him. Tiie pres- 
ent beautil'ul buildintr, the result of the zeal 
of Mr. Thomas, was dedicated to the worship 
of God November 25, 1883, the Rev. Dr. 
Herrick Johnson of Chicago ])reaching the 
sermon. The society has had a steady and 
prosperous growth, and numbers among its 
members over 100 families. 






fAMES B. MURRAY, of the firm of 
Miller & Murray, general grocers in La 
Crosse, was born at Brasher Falls, St. 
Lawrence county, New Vork, Septembei 3, 
1858, a son of John and Julia (Lynch) Mur- 
ray, natives of the city of Dunmanway, 
county Cork, Ireland. Ilis father came to 
America when a young man, locating in St. 
Lawrence county. New York, and died in 
1881. The widow still survives, residing 
with her youngest son, Dennis, on the old 
homestead in St. Lawrence county. 

James B., our subject, was reared to farm 
life, and completed his education at Lawrence- 
ville and Amsterdam Academies, graduating 



BIOOBAPSICAL HISTOUr. 



161 



at the latter June 26, 1876, in a class of 
thirteen. He then followed teaching and 
read law in the office, of L C. Lang, since 
then District Attorney of St. Lawrence 
county. It was in 1883 that Mr. Murray 
came to La Crosse. His first position was 
that of foreman for a year on the Chicago, 
Burlington & Northern railway, and after- 
ward was superintendent of construction for 
the firm of Willis & Rappa. In 1888 he 
left that position, and formed his present re- 
lation in business. He has always taken an 
active part in public matters. He is at pres- 
ent Alderman for the First Ward, and as a 
member of the City Council he is serving on 
the committees on Light, Fire, Police, Hail- 
roads, Sewers and Public Buildings, being 
Chairman of the Committees on Fire and 
Lighting. He has served as President of 
Division No. 1, A. O. H. ever since its or- 
ganization. 

He was married in New York, to Elizabeth 
A. Connolly, a native of St. Lawrence county, 
New York, and a daughter of John and 
Ellen (Desmond) Connolly, natives of county 
Cork, Ireland. Mr. and Mrs. Murray are 
members of the congregation of St. Mary's 
Church (Roman Catholic). 

fRANK BROWN, general blacksmith 
and carriage and wagon-maker, La 
Crosse, was born in Whitewater, Wal- 
worth county, Wisconsin, December 27, 
1857, a son of Joseph and Dorcas (Chappel) 
Brown. His father, a cooper by occupation 
was a native of New York State, and his 
father was a native of Ireland, who early 
settled in New York State. Joseph Brown 
served as a soldier about three and a half 
years in the war of the rebellion, as a private 
in a Wisconsin regiment, enlisting at White- 



water. His wife was of Massachusetts an- 
cestry. 

Mr. F'rank Brown grew to manhood in 
Wisconsin ar.d Minnesota, and began to 
assume his own responsibilities when a mere 
lad, learning blacksniithing at Farmington, 
Warren county, Pennsylvania. He came to 
La Crosse county in 1879, and has ever since 
carried on his trade here continuously. Pre- 
vious to 1879 he was seven years at Middle 
Ridge, engaged at his trade, and also served 
two years as Postmaster, and as Constable 
and Township Treasurer, each one term. He 
returned to La Crosse in 1887, and for the 
first two years was Constable; he is now 
Alderman for the Twentieth Ward. 

He was married at Middle Ridge, No- 
vember 2, 1880, to Miss Maggie Brecht, a 
native of Germany, and they have one son, 
Herbert, who was born August 10, 1882. 



ON. ALEXANDER McMILLAN, who 

has for many years been a conspicuous 

tiarure in one of Wisconsin's greatest in- 
to o 

dustries, was born in the township of Finch, 
Stormont county, Province of Ontario, Can- 
ada, October 23, 1825, and is a son of 
Duncan B. and Mary (McMillan) McMillan . 
His parents were born inLochaber, Inverness- 
shire, Scotland. The father was a merchant 
in Glasgow for some years previous to his 
emigration to America. He left his native 
land in 1815, and settled in Canada, where 
he engaged in farming. Soon after his 
arrival in that country he was united in mar- 
riage with Mary McMillan, who, though a 
native of the same part of Scotland and of the 
same name, was not related to him. They 
had eleven children: Daniel, John, Christian, 
Mary, Alexander, Angus, D. B., Catherine, 
Margaret, Ewen H., Duncan D. and Allan. 



162 



BIOGRA I'HICAL BTSTOR ?. 



The father was an elder of the Presbyterian 
Church, and trained iiis children strictly ac- 
cordinjr to the doctrines of that iaith. 

Alexander passed his boyhood and youth 
in his native place, attending the common 
schools and doing the lighter work on his 
father's farm. Attaining his majority, he 
removed to the State of New York, where he 
spent about four years in various occupations. 
In the spring of 1850 he took passage on a 
steamboat at French Creek, New York,_bound 
for the West, and settled in Madison, Wis- 
consin, and was there employed as a clerk for 
three months. During a part of the time he 
also taught a .light school. 

At the end of that period he went to Port- 
age, Wisconsin, where he remained until 
1852, when he formed a partnership witii his 
brother, John, fur tiio purpose of conducting 
a business in the great lumber district. They 
established their headquarters at La Crosse, 
and their firm constituted the first Black 
River Logging Company, and took the first 
log raft that ever went down the Mississippi 
to St. Louis, in the spring of 1S53. The en- 
terprise grew to mammoth proportions, and 
in 1864 a younger brother, Duncan D., was 
admitted to the firm, the name then being 
changed to J., A. «& D. D. McMillan. A 
year later, on the death of the senior brother, 
it became A. & D. D. McMillan, and the 
business was so conducted fur many years. 
In 1864 the Black River Improvement Com- 
pany was organized, with one of this firm as 
president. 

Upon the organization of the La Crosse 
Gas Light Company, Mr. McMillan became 
its president, and after the formation of the 
Electric Light Company in 1885 the interest 
was sold to that corporation. In October, 
1878, he became by purchase sole owner of 
the Neshonoc mills at West Salem, Wiscon- 
sin, and under his management the products 



of these mills became widely known for its 
superior merit. In 1881 the mills were en- 
tirely remodeled under the personal super- 
vision of Mr. McMillan, and now possess one 
of the best water powers in the State. At 
West Salem he also owned the Neshonoc 
stock farm to which he devoted much time 
and attention, giving especial care to the 
breeding and raising of live-stock, and his 
stables showed some of the best standard- 
bred Hambletonians of recorded speed, and a 
tine herd of Alderney cattle. The stock farm 
and mill have recently passed into the hands 
of his son, Samuel D., who, in 1891, had the 
mill entirely rebuilt, and supplied with the 
latest and most approved machinery. 

Although not a politician in any sense, 
Mr. McMillan has frequently been honored 
with public office and positions of trust and 
responsibility. lie has served several years 
as a member of the City Council, for several 
years was County Sujiervisor, and for two 
years was chairman of the County Board. 
He was Mayor of La Crosse in 1871, and 
chairman of the Board of Trade in 1876. Iti 
1872 he was elected a member of the State 
Legislature on the Republican ticket, and in 
1873, the year of the great financial crisis, he 
was chosen president of the First National 
Bank of La Crosse. He is art ardent tem- 
perance advocate, and was president of the La 
Crosse Temperance League in 1873. 

In October, 1858, he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Sarah L., a daughter of Her- 
rick and Mary E. (Sherwood) Parker. They 
had born to them four children: Mary, 
Angle, Samuel D. and Jesse. Of these only 
Samuel D. remains, the others having died 
in infancy or early childhood. Samuel D. was 
married to Miss May, daughter of John 
Clark, a merchant of West Salem ; they are 
the parents of three children: Clark, Parker 
and Harry. He was a partner and manager 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



103 



of the business house of McMillan & Son in 
La Crosse, which was discontinued in 1890. 
In 1883 our subject and his wife made a 
trip to Europe, visiting the old homestead in 
Scotland, Ireland, England and the Conti- 
nent, and making a voyage of the Mediter- 
ranean. All the principal European cities 
were touched, and thoroughly enjoyed. Mr. 
McMillan was much gratified that he was 
able to converse in the old traelic language 
which he had neither heard nor spoken, ex 
cept occasionally, since his childhood. He 
and his wife are mem*l)ers of the Congrega- 
tional Church, and he belongs to the Ma- 
sonic order. Mrs. McMillan is a lady of rare 
mental endowments and artistic attainments. 
She is an artist of no small merit, and while 
abroad she improved the excellent oppor- 
tunities afforded for study and observation. 
These worthy people have accumulated ample 
means for the gratification of cultivated 
tastes, and are surrounded with every comfort 
which modern invention can suggest. In 
addition to the property already mentioned, 
Mr. McMillan owns several business houses 
and dwellings, the McMillan Building on the 
corner of Main and Fourth streets being one 
of the finest in the city. He is a man of 
broad public spirit, and has always encour- 
aged by his means and personal influence 
those enterprises which have had for their 
object the best interests of the community. 



jEV. FATHER KILIAN G. BEYER, 
% chaplain of St. Rose Convent, is a na- 
tive of the State of Wisconsin, born 
near the city of Milwaukee, April 21, 1856. 
He received his earlier education at Pio Nono 
College, near Milwaukee, and subsequently 
entered St. Francis Seminary, at St. Francis, 
Wisconsin. After completing the prescribed 



course of study, he was ordained a priest of 
the Roman Catholic Church. This most im- 
portant event of his career occurred in June, 
1885, immediately after which he was as- 
signed to duty as pastor in charge of a con- 
gregation at Big River, Pierce county, Wis- 
consin. He remained there three years, and 
since 1888 he has been chaplain of St. Rose 
Convent. 

By virtue of this office, Father Beyer is 
Secretary of the Diocese School Board, as 
well as of the Orphans' Asylum, and gives 
religious instruction to those in training in 
the convent, and also to the children of the 
orphan schools. These scliools stand in the 
same relation to him that the parochial 
schools of the congregation sustain to their 
respective priests in charge, that is, principal. 
Father Beyer has been a faithful servant in 
the cause he has espoused, and those persons 
to whom he has ministered, either in the 
capacity of priest or instructor, hold him in 
the highest esteem and the kindest regard. 

THE ST. FRANCIS HOSPITAL, 

under the jurisdiction of the Eoman Catholic 
Church, was erected by the Franciscan 
Sisters of Perpetual Adoration in 1883; in 
1887 an addition, known as the west wing, 
was erected, and in 1890 the chapel or east 
wing was erected. It is a mammoth struc- 
ture of brick, built by the Franciscan Sisters 
of Perpetual Adoration without other aid. 
It is of a modern architectural design, and 
arranged with all modern appliances for com- 
fort and convenience; it is heated by steam, 
lighted by electricity, and has ample sewer- 
age and water supply. There are six wards 
to accommodate about fifty patients; thirty- 
five private rooms for about fifty patients; in 
addition to this there are the dormitories for 
the Sisters in charge, capable of accommo- 
dating about one hundred. 



1C4 



BIOGRAPHICAL U I STOUT. 



For the care of patients afflicted with coii- 
tajiioiis diseases, a buildiiii; somewhat distant 
froin the main liospital lias been purchased, 
liaving its own morgue and otlier appliances, 
tluis entirely separating contagion from the 
the main hospitah A morgue with base- 
ment for post-mortem work has been erected 
adjacent to the main hospital. The main 
building is 120 feet in length and 24 feet 
wide, four stories high besides tlie basement; 
in the latter are the kitchen, dining-rooms, 
bakery, laundry, etc. Tlie west addition is 
40 .\ 80 feet, and the same height as the main 
Ijuilding. The east wing is used mainly for 
a chapel, though there are several rooms for 
hospital ])urposes. It is 40 \ 56 feet, four 
stories high. All the cooking, making and 
mending of clothes, etc., is done on the 
premises. Groceries, dry-goods and pro- 
visions are purchased at wholesale in La 
Crosse. 

Sister Rose has l)een at the head of the 
institution since it w'as opened for patients in 
December, 1883. The formal opening and 
dedication, whicli were public, occurred in 
January, 1884. About $1,500 have been re- 
ceived from citizens of La Crosse; this was 
to aid in furnishing the building. The hos- 
pital was dedicated by Right Rev. Bishop 
Flasch, now deceased. Sister Matilda has 
charge of the dispensary and of the books of 
the institution, and attends to the corre- 
spondence and tinancial affairs. She has as an 
assistant in the dispensary. Sister Theodora. 
Both are regularly licensed under the laws of 
the State of Wisconsin. 

During the past year over 400 patients re- 
ceived treatment, and for six years previous 
an annual average of over 300 have been 
treated. The present year, 1891, about 400 
have been enrolled to September. Six reg- 
ular nurses have been on duty all the time, 
besides others connected with different 



branches ef the institution, who render aid 
wlien needed. One male nurse is hired by 
the Sisters. Attending physicians are se- 
lected from among the city physicians as the 
patien:s themselves may desire. No inter- 
ference is made witli these selections. The 
United States provides a physician for the 
Marine Hospital, and the city, for the treat- 
ment for the patients treated at the ex- 
pense of the city. The Marine Hospital of 
the United States has one ward under charge 
of the Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Ador- 
ation. The expenses of the institution are 
provided for by those who receive treatment^ 
tliougli no one is turned away because unable 
to pay. Usually there are from twelve to fif- 
teen charity patients. There are two sisters 
employed in tiie laundry department, four in 
the kitchen, two in the dining-rooms — these 
jointly attending to the housekeeping. The 
entire building is kept scrupulously neat and 
clean, and perfect order reigns in every de- 
partment. 

ST. Michael's boys' oRpnAN asylum 

was opened in 1875, the Right Rev. Arch- 
bishop Michael Heiss officiating. The school 
was opened w^ith six boys, and the girls were 
also taught in the same school. Up to the 
present time (1891) 309 boys have been cared 
for in the institution. Eleven inmates, boys, 
have died since the opening of the school. 
Two have been sent to the State Industrial 
School because unmanageable. One of these 
boys was received at the orphanage by ex- 
press, being fastened in a box, on the top of 
which was the usual inscription, "This side 
up." Three Infants have been found at the 
door of the institution. Being found on 
Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, though 
not in the same year, they were snrnamed 
Wednesday, Thursday and Friday. In a 
few instances children have been brought by 



BIOORAPIIICjLL HIaTOBT. 



165 



one of the parents, who liave never been seen 
or heard from thereafter. One instance is 
cited where the father brought his little boy, 
nearly naked, hnngry and cold, left him in 
the asylum seven years, contributing nothing 
to his support, and stole him away in May, 
1891! 

This school is under the management of 
the Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Adora- 
tion, whose devotion to humanity and self- 
sacrificing interest deserves the highest 
commendation. The school is distinctively 
Catholic, admittance being restricted to chil- 
dren born of Catholic parents. The records 
of the school, which are carefully kept by 
Sister Petronilia, siiow many sad cases of 
neglect, abuse and desertion by parents and 
kindred. 

One sad story told by the Sister is the fol- 
lowing: A boy was given by his father to a 
negro, and the child wept bitterly, fearing to 
go with the black man. A Franciscan Fatlier 
came along, asked the negro the price of the 
child, and finally paid him $40 for the little 
sufferer. This child is now an inmate of the 
school, and has been since 1888. 

In the school there are three rooms and 
three teachers, beginning with a kindergarten 
of little hoys in dresses. The children are 
tanght the elementary branches of both Eng- 
lish and German, including drawing, book- 
keeping, civil government, calisthenics, Chris- 
tian doctrine, etc. The pupils are supported 
by collections taken up annually in the dio- 
cese and by the charitable assistance of the 
Sisters of St. Hose Convent, unless their 
keeping is provided for by their parents. 
Ten Sisters are employed in the building in 
the various departments, but do not receive 
any compensation for liieir services. The 
boys are taught to work, and are required to 
do such little chores as they can perforin. 

Sister Bridget has been with the school 



ever since it was established. Sister Bene- 
dicta is the present Superior. Sister Petro- 
nilia has taught in the school since 1884, and 
now has charge of the liigheBt class in the in- 
stitution. 

ST. Ann's orphan asylum, 

for girls, was erected in 1889, and September 
20, of the same year, the orphan girls were 
transferred from Sparta, their fromer home, 
to the present building in La Crosse, which 
is in charge of the Franciscan Sisters of 
Perpetual Adoration. The school opened 
with thirty-nine girls. Orphan children of 
Catholic parentage in the Diocese of La 
Crosse are admitted, though in cases of ex- 
treme necessity children of Protestant parent- 
age have been received. 

The building is the property of St. Rose 
de Viterbo's Convent of the Franciscan Sis- 
ters, and is located just opposite St. Francis 
Hospital, on Market street. Children are re- 
ceived at all ages up to twelve years. They 
are fed, clothed and cared for, receiving care- 
ful educational and religious training. At 
present seventy girls are in the institution, 
ranging in age from three to sixteen years. 
The average of inmates is now less than ten 
years. At the age of seventeen or eighteen 
girls are expected to go out and provide for 
themselves, though the asylum is always 
open to former occupants, and they are taught 
to regard the institution as their home, and 
are welcome to it when sick or out of em- 
ployment. In case a surviving parent is able 
to contribute to the support of a child left in 
the institution, he is expected to do so; but 
in case the pai'ent is unable to aid in her 
support, the institution provides for her 
entii'ely. Children left at the school may be 
reclaimed and taken away by parent or guard- 
ian at any time. In this regard the institu- 
tion is unlike the other schools of the same 



166 



BIOGBAPniCAL HISTORY. 



character, where a child must be surrendered 
unconditionally before it will be accepted. 

The buildins is furnished to accommodate 
125 children. On the premises they are 
taught those things which in later life will be 
most useful to those in their sphere — knitting, 
sewing, ironing, washing, cooking and general 
housekeeping being matters to which strict 
attention is given by competent instructors. 
Fancy work, drawing and vocal music are 
taught in connection with the otlier studies 
of the school. The course includes reading, 
writing, arithmetic, grammar, physiology. 
United States history, and church history 
with the catechism. They are taught to read 
German if desired. 

ST. ROSE DE VITERBO'S CONVENT, 

of tlie Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Ador- 
ation. The main building of this institution 
was erected in 1870, and in 1872 the north 
wing and chapel were added; in 1874 the 
south wing was built, and in 1876 the Chapel 
of Adoration was completed. The main 
structure is 160 feet in length with project- 
ing wings, making a building which is an 
ornament to the city and a credit to the en- 
terprise and self-sacrificing spirit of the Sis- 
ters having the matter in charge. 

In this convent the various branches of 
education as well as music and the arts are 
taught to those desiring to become conse- 
crated to the work of the Sisters. There are 
230 of the Franciscan Sisters belonging to 
this order. One hundred of these are em- 
ployed in La Crosse in the orphan schools, 
asylums and hospitals and city parochial 
schools. Thirty-six mission schools are sup- 
plied with teachers from the convent. In 
the building there is a class of fifteen young 
ladies, studying and fitting themselves for 
the work of teaching. Vocal and instru- 
mental music are taught by competent teach- 
ers, and many of the best protestant families 



in the city are patrons of this dejiartment. 
Various instruments are taught, besides the 
piano and organ. In the art department the 
finest wax and needle work are done. All of 
the clothing, bedding, etc., used in the insti-, 
tution are made and kept in repair in the 
building, even to repairing shoes. Firing of 
the diilerent furnaces and attending the heat- 
ing apparatus are done by the Sisters, besides 
the keeping of the extensive grounds and 
flower gardens. It is a most attractive spot 
and furnishes many shady nooks for study 
during the heated summer months. This 
convent is the general home for the Francis- 
can Sisters of Perpetual Adoration within 
the diocese of La Crosse, and during vacation 
or when sick they return to this home. 

Mother Ludovica is the present superior, a 
position she has held with credit to herself 
and honor to the institution since January, 
1882. She succeeded to this position on the 
death of Mother Antonia, who was the first 
superior, and to whose energy, tact and in- 
dustry the institution is greatly indebted. 
The convent is regularly incorporated under 
the laws of the State in the name of the 
Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Adoration. 
The chapel of P. A., as the name implies, 
is where the scriptural injunction, to pray 
without ceasing, is faithfully complied with; 
two Sisters may be seen at devotion at any 
hour in tlie day or night; they remain at 
prayers one hour, when they are relieved by 
two others, they in turn being relieved after 
an hour's devotion, and so on, ad infinituin. 
This has continued for the last thirteen years, 
and at no period during that time has the 
constant devotion ceased for one moment. 
The chapel is one of the most beautiful it 
has been the privilege of the writer to visit. 
The altars and furnishings are elegant and 
artistic, while the room itself is simply 
architectural perfection. 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTOBT. 



167 



Sister Clara has charge of the music de- 
partment; she teaches the piano, organ, pipe 
organ, violin, liarp, mandolin, zither, guitar, 
dulcitner, anto-liarp, also vocal music. She 
has been with the institution since 1871, and 
has tauglit the music for ten years past. 
Sister Seraphine has charge of the Normal 
School connected witli the convent. Here 
young ladies are fitted for teaching in the 
parochial schools and orphan asylums, under 
the jurisdiction of the church; she has occu- 
pied her present position for three years past, 
and has previously taught at different places 
under the auspices of the church for twenty 
years. Sister Bonaventure is assistant in the 
music department. 



'-5w^^ 



SAMPTON B. SMITH, insurance, real- 
estate and loan agent, Batavian Bank 
Building, La Crosse, was born in Cool- 
spring township, Mercer county, Pennsyl- 
vania, February 26, 1888, and is the son of 
John W. and Susan (Bean) Smith, natives of 
Pennsylvania; the parents were born in the 
year 1800; the mother died in March, 1850, 
and the father survived until 1858. John 
W. Smith was a farmer, merchant and lum- 
berman, and never removed from his native 
State. The family consisted of live sons and 
three daughters: J. Irwin Smith, D. D., John 
G., Samuel F., Mary A., widow of Nathaniel 
Osborne; Nancy A., Louisa L., wife of A. A. 
Thomas, and Hampton B., the subject of this 
biography; the remaining son died in youth. 
Hampton B. was educated in liis native 
county, the latter part of his school days 
being spent at the academy at Mercer, Penn- 
sylvania. At the age of nineteen years he 
began teaching school, and was employed in 
both public and private schools in Mercer 
and Alleghany counties. In 1859 he went 



to Ontonagon, Michigan, and clerked in a 
store there for two years; at the end of that 
time he formed a partnership in the mercan- 
tile business with his former employer's 
brother, which existed until 1868, when he 
bought his interest and managed the store 
alone for a time; he then took another part- 
ner, to whom he finally sold the entire busi- 
ness. In the fall of 1868 he went to Escanaba, 
Michigan, engaged in mercantile pursuits 
which he disposed of in 1871, coming in that 
year to La Crosse. Here he became general 
ageut for the Republic Life Insurance Com- 
pany, but this proving unsatisfactory he 
embarked in the milling business in partner- 
ship with John E. Davis, now of St. Paul, 
Minnesota. This relationship existed about 
a year and a half, when Mr. Smith purchased 
the entire business and conducted it about 
one year alone, selling out and engaging in 
his present business. Ever since his resi- 
dence in La Crosse he has given some atten- 
tion to fire insurance in connection with his 
other interests. He is now giving his time 
exclusively to the business, and has a finely 
furnished office in the Batavian Bank Build- 
ing. 

Mr. Smith was married at Marquette, 
Michigan, to Miss Oriana Edwards, a native 
of Ellsworth, Mahoning county, Ohio. They 
are the parents of three children: Joseph 
Edwards, born September 13, 1867, at On- 
tonagon, Michigan, received his education in 
the La Crosse public schools, at Galesville 
University, and Lake Forest University; 
Anna E., born in La Crosse, Januai-y 24, 
1872, received her literary and musical edu- 
cation at Morvyn House, Toronto, Ontario; 
William Ripley died at the age of thirteen 
months. 

The ancestors for many generations have 
been Presbyterians. Mr. Smith has been an 
elder of the church for many years. He is a 



108 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORT. 



member of the Nineteenth Century Club, 
a literary organization numbering thirty, of 
the KniglitB of Honor, of the Legion of 
Honor, of the Chosen Friends and the United 
Workmen. Politically he affiliates witli the 
Republican party, although his sympathies 
are strongly with the Prohibition party. He 
served six years as Justice of the Peace in 
La Crosse and he was a member of the City 
Board of Escanaba, Michigan, during his 
residence there. 



fAMES L LAMB is a member of one of 
tiie best known and most deservedly pop- 
ular establishments in La Crosse, the firm 
in Lamb & Bekel, who are wholesale dealers 
in fruits and produce. Their transactions 
are conducted upon a large scale and their 
connections are of the most substantial and 
gratifying character. Mr. Laml) was born 
in Madison county. New York, in 1854, in 
which State his parents, Silas and Rhoda L. 
(Tuttle) Lamb, were also born, but are now 
residents of Fayette county, Iowa. The 
fatiier has devoted most of his life to farm- 
ing and the raising, buying and selling of 
stock, and as he lias lived in his present 
county since 1858, he is well and favorably 
known. He became the father of three 
children: Elmer, residing in Waterloo, Iowa, 
in which city he is engaged in the grocery 
business; Lottie, wife of Henry Wilsey, of 
La Crosse, and James L, who received his 
initiatory training in Fayette, and afterwards 
entered the Upper Iowa University, where 
he completed his course with the class of 'Ti. 
He then turned his attention to civil eiiirin- 
eering, but three years later began merchan- 
dising in Fayette, which business received 
liis attention for one year. He spent about 
the same length of time in Sheldon, after 



which he embarked in the wholesale fruit 
business in Siou.x City, but at the end of two 
years, or in 1885, he came to La Crosse, since 
which time he has successfully followed his 
present calling. His is, by common consent, 
tlie most reliable and best known house of 
the kind in the city, none maintaining a 
higher reputation for integrity, and few, if 
any, enjc)y a larger measure of recognition. 
The members of the house are keen, intelli- 
gent business men, thoroughly conversant 
witli all the requirements of the trade and 
eminently popular in meeting all its demands. 
They deal in all kinds of green fruits and 
vegetables, and their business is constantly 
and rapidly increasing. Mr. Lamb was mar- 
ried in 1884 to Miss Georgia Hines, by 
whom he is the father of one child, Lloyd. 
Mr. Lamb takes little interest in politics and 
usually casts his vote for the man he con- 
siders most deserving, rather than in the in- 
terest of any party. He is a member of the 
K. of P., and he and his wife move in the 
highest social circles of La Crosse, in which 
city they are well known and have many 
friends. 

fOIIN FOX, proprietor of the Tivoli 
Hotel and pleasure garden, the niost 
popular resort of its kind in the city of 
La Crosse, Wisconsin, was born in Bavaria, 
Germany, on July 28, 1828. He is the eldest 
of nine sons and one daughter born to John 
M. and Harriet Fox. Of this family of 
children, George, Hans and our subject, came 
to America in 1853. George enlisted shortly 
after President Lincoln's call for 75,000 men, 
and although dangerously wounded three times 
would not take a discharge. He always said 
he would not give up until the last " Reb." 
was in the ditch. He was in the army of the 





//^TtXAJ 




BIOGRAPHIGAL HISTORY. 



1G9 



Potomac in the " Iron Brigade," and was one 
of the bravest of the brave. He was killed 
in the battle of Gettysburg, when thirty- four 
years of age. Hans Fox was in America 
four years and then returned to Germany, 
via Great Britain, and while at Dover, Eng- 
land, was attacked by thieves, had his skull 
fractured, and was robbed of much money, 
his watch and chain, etc. 

John Fox, in early life studied two and a 
half years for the ministry of the Lutheran 
Church. He then abandoned that pursuit, 
and learned the blacksmith trade, at which he 
worked six years in the old country, and four 
and a half years in the United States, being 
one year and a half in Pittsburg, two years 
in Dubuque and one year in La Crosse. He 
then learned the trade of mason, because he 
could not get work as a blacksmith, following 
the same sixteen years. He built the Tivoli 
Hotel in 1882, and has been proprietor here 
since; and altliough he met with reverses in 
the way of fires, etc., he is nicely fixed now, 
and always has his house well patronized. 
He has held the oflice of Alderman four dif- 
ferent times, was Constable two years, held 
the oflice of Coroner four years, was Street 
Commissioner two years, and for one year was 
Poor Commissioner. He has been Assistant 
Chief of the fire department for five years, 
and for eight years was foreman of the Third 
W ard Fire Company. 

He was married in Pittsburg, Pennsylvaniai 
in 1S54, to Miss Anna Earbera, by whom he 
had fourteen children, those living being: 
William, married Olga Miller; Edda, clerk- 
ing; John, in Seattle, Washington; Charles, 
clerking in a hardware store in Chicago; 
Minnie, wife of Thomas Brook; Louisa, wife 
of Charles Sprague of Chicago, engaged in 
the real-estate business; and Bertha, wife of 
Mr. Casson; and Julia, a student in Chicago. 
The mother died March 7, 1888, at the age 



of fifty-seven years. Mr. Fox's second mar- 
riage occurred August 14, 1890, to Mrs. 
Anna Hussing, of La Crosse. He is a mem- 
ber of the I. O. O. F., and has been secretary 
of the L O. O. F. Mutual Life Insurance of 
Wisconsin, the past sixteen years. He has 
passed through all the chairs of that order, 
and has been a delegate twice to the Grand 
Lodge. He has also been a member of the 
Turner's Society since 1857, and a member 
of the Germania Society. In politics he is 
independent. During the war and until 
Horace Greeley ran for the office of Presi- 
dent, Mr. Fox was a Republican, but since 
then he has been Democratic and independ- 
ent. Mr. Fox is a very popular man, and 
when he ran for office he got votes from both 
sides. While he was mason and contractor 
he built some of the largest stone buildings 
in La Crosse, viz.: Gund's Brewery, City 
Engine House, Heasley's Block, Seharf & 
King's Block, Funk's Foundry, Heilman's 
Malt House, Mitchers Brewery and Ilau'o 
Block. In 1863, Mr. Fox was in the Provost 
Marshal's office, and was recruiting ofiicer at 
the same time, recruiting seventeen men. 
He is a well-known and highly respected 
pioneer citizen, strictly honest and possessing 
many good qualities. 



_K»-»-J»^W^. 



BNER GILE, a well-known and highly 
respected pioneer of La Crosse county, 
was born in the State of New York, 
January 3, 1820, and is a son of Nathan, and 
Lydia (Yates) Gile, natives of Vermont. The 
father followed agricultural pursuits all his 
life; his death occurred in New York, to 
which State he had removed in 1881, at the 
age of eighty-four years; his wife died two 
years later, aged eighty-two years. They were 
for many years consistent members of the 



170 



BIOGRAPHICAL HI STORY. 



Baptist Church. They reared a family of ten 
children, of whom AbnerGile was the fourth- 
born. He*resided in New York nntil 1843, 
and during the latter years of his residence 
there was engat'ed in farming. He then 
removed to Waukegan, Lake county, Illinois, 
where he operated a sawmill, hnilt piers and 
docks in the lake, and purchased land which 
he cultivated until 1850. In that year he 
went to California, but returned twelve months 
later. lie resumed his agricultural pursuits 
nntil November, 1854, when he came to La 
Crosse, and embarked in the lumber trade, in 
which he has been actively engaged ever 
since. He owned at one time an interest in 
the La Crosse Lumber Company, but has dis- 
posed of the same. He was one of the pro- 
jectors and builders of the Linseed Oil Mill 
of La Crosse, a most serviceable industry to 
tiie city; it gives employment to twenty 
persons, and consumes raw material from 
Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota and Dakota; its 
products are shipped to all parts of the civ- 
ilized world, and the present year the amount 
of seed ground will be 175,000 bushels. The 
daily expense of the mill is about §100, which 
sum is distributed almost exclusively among 
citizens of La Crosae. Mr. Gile is also a 
stockholder in the Abattoir of La Crosse, 
another important industry. He owns stock 
in the Batavian Bank, of which he is vice- 
president. He has a farm of 1,200 acres in 
Minnesota, and has other investments in 
various enterprises in the city and county. 
He is a man of superior business qualifica- 
tions, and every enterprise which has re- 
ceived his support has not fallen short of 
success. 

The residence of Mr. Gile deserves more 
than a passing notice, as it is one of the finest 
and most expensive in the city. The lot fronts 
on Main street 210 feet, and on West ave 
nue 280 feet, and contains the residence, barn 



and coachman's house. The house is eighty 
feet in length and forty in width, besides the 
porch and drive. It is two and a half stories 
above the basement. A room in the half 
story is large enough to accommodate fifty or 
sixty couples in a dance. Tiie house is built 
on the latest plans, with all the modern con- 
veniences. 

On the first story are six rooms besides 
the hall, and three alcoves. The sitting room 
is 22x32, the parlor, 16x20; Mr. Gile's 
private room, 18x18; wardrobe and bath 
room; kitchen, 16x14; breakfast room, 
12x14; dining-room, 18x24. In the sec- 
ond story are eight rooms. 

It is safe to say that Mr. Gile is well fixed 
and has a residence perhaps the most beauti- 
ful and complete in this portion of the great 
Northwest. The name of the residence, Pas- 
adena, has reference to a fancy town near Los 
Angeles, California, and is said to mean 
"Queen of the Valley." 

The barn is in keeping with the house. 
Both are built with pressed brick and heated 
by furnaces. The barn has room for the 
coachman's family, for ten or twelve horses, 
three cows, besides abundance of room for 
storing feed. 

In 1843 Mr. Gile was joined in marriage 
to Miss Mary E. Smith, a daughter of Orange 
and Mary (Ketchum) Smith, and to them 
have been born two cliildi-en; P^lsie D., wife 
of Robert A. Scott, and Wales Eugene, born 
December 14, 1863, who was killed when 
nine years of age by the accidental firing of a 
pistol in the hands of a boy friend. The 
mother died in September, 1877, aged fifty- 
three years. 

Politically Mr. Gile is identified with the 
Republican party, and has ever been a strong 
adherent to the principles of that organiza- 
I tion. As a pioneer settler and a loyal citizen, 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



171 



he receives the highest respect of all who 
know him, and is in every way worthy of the 
regard in which he is held. 

jUGDSTUS STEINLEIN, Police Judge 
of La Crosse, was born in the city of 
Treves, on the Rhine, Prussia, Septem- 
ber 26, 1823, the sen of Francis Joseph and 
Margareth (Herrig) Steinlein. His father, a 
teaeiier, was employed by the Government all 
his life from his seventeenth year to his 
seventieth, when his son, the subject of this 
sketch, brought him to America in 1872, and 
lie spent tlie remainder of liis life with his 
son Augustus, and his daughter, Mrs. Anna 
Wortmann, dying in Brooklyn, New York, 
at the age of about eighty-one years. Of his 
family two sons and three daughters live in 
America, while one son and one daughter re- 
mail) in the old country, the son in Berlin 
and the daughter in Treves. 

Mr. Steinlein, whose name heads this 
sketch, completed his schooling in the gym- 
nasium of Treves, taught school two vears in 
his native country, and in 1844 came to 
America, landing at New York city with but 
50 cents in his purse. His first employment 
was in the printing house of Henry Ludwig 
& Co., Vesey street, New York, three and a 
half years. His acquirement of the English 
language was so rapid that he was appointed 
proof-reader in English and German. In 
1856 he came to La Crosse county, pur- 
chasing 120 acres of Government land, and 
following farming here si.x; years, but de- 
voting the winter seasons to the Nordstern., 
which he had helped to establish. In 1862 
he became a partner in the business, and was 
connected witii that paper two years, when 
he was elected Register of Deeds for the 
county, and held that office four years, and 



since that time he has been Justice of the 
Peace. From 1879 to 1886 he was a mem- 
ber of the Board of Education of La Crosse, 
and from 1870 to 1885 Poor Commissioner. 
In the last civic election he was chosen Po- 
lice Judge. During his official career he has 
married 2,300 couples! 

Mr. Steinlein has ever been a liberal con- 
tributor to the press of tlie city, and is ac- 
knowledged to be the "poet laureate" of his 
city and State. He has issued two beautiful 
editions of a collection of rare poetical gems, 
and is about issuing another volume. He is 
a member of the German ia Society, and an 
honorary member of the Third Ward Work- 
iiigmen'.< Society. 

He was married in New York city to Mrs. 
Louisa Doelger, a native of Germany, born at 
Frankfurt-on-the-Main, and they have one 
son and live daughters, namely: Louisa, wife 
of Joseph Yeck; Francis Joseph, a cigar 
manufacturer and Justice of the Peace; Au- 
gusta, widow of Frank J. Toeller, who died 
when City Attorney of La Crosse; Hannah, 
wife of Henry Linker; Paulina, now Mrs. 
Louis Till mans; and Emma, wife of Frank 
Bartel. 

fOSEPH ROTH, Treasurer of the city of 
La Crosse, was born in this city, Decem- 
ber 29, 1857, a son of Andrew and Mar- 
garet (Neth) Roth. His father was born 
July 31, 1824, at the village of Karbach, 
near Wiirzburg, Kingdom of Bavaria. He 
was a tailor by occupation, and after his mar- 
riage to Anna Bauer he came to America, in 
1852, settling first in Southern Indiana, at 
Lanesville, near New Albany. His wife died 
at that place, leaving no children. In May, 
1855, for his second wife he married, at 
Lanesville, Indiana, Miss Margaret Neth, and 



172 



BIOGRAPHIGAL HTSTOHY. 



by this union had twelve children, of whom 
five sons and tliree daughters survive. 

In December, 1855, he came to La Crosse, 
where he engaged in business as a merchant 
tailor, and afterward in general meroiian- 
dising. In 1864 he entered the cracker and 
baker}' business in partnership with Frank 
Gntgesell. In 1873 he sold out to his part- 
ner and engaged in the grocery trade until 
1878, when he retired from business. Janu- 
ary 14, 1884, lie died, and was buried under 
the honors of St. Boniface Benevolent Society, 
which he had assisted very materially in or- 
ganizing, and he was in full communion with 
St. Joseph's Church (Catholic). He had served 
his church as trustee, and was a worthy offi- 
cial of the society which honored his funeral. 

Mr. Koth, whose name heads this sketch, 
supplemented his common-school education 
with a commercial course at the La Crosse 
Business College. His first four years in 
business was as clerk in his father's store. 
The next six years he was in the employ of 
Thomas Ilogan, as clerk and bookkeeper in 
the commission fruit trade. Later he was 
with Mons Anderson in the wholesale drj'- 
goods trade, then with Matt Weix, wholesale 
dealer in cigars. Leaving this latter business 
in 1880, he formed a partnership with his 
younger brother, Frank, in the retail grocery 
trade, which he continued until May, 1890. 
In July, 1890, he became stock clerk for the 
Standard Oil Company, and it was while he 
was engaged in this latter position that he 
was elected City Treasurer. He is a mem- 
ber of St. Boniface Benevolent Society, 
having served it in official relations, and he 
and his wife are zealous members of St. 
Joseph's Church (Catholic). 

He was married in La Crosse, May 24, 
1881, to Miss Mary Wiskirclien, a native of 
Milwaukee and a daughter of Matthew and 
Mary (Wiist) Wiskirclien, from Prussia. 



Mr. and Mrs. Roth had three daughters who 
died ill infancy, and have three sons, namely: 
Joseph Matthew, Bernard Andrew and Arthur 
Henry. 



'^'-^^^^itT^' 



fOHN WARREN DAVIS, proprietor of 
a general transfer business in La Crosse, 
was born in Washington county, Maine, 
in the town of Wesley, June 27, 1837, a son 
of David and Pliebe (trrey) Davis. His 
father was a merchant in early life, and spent 
considerable time in the merchant marine of 
the United States, making one trip to the 
Sandwich Islands. He died on a farm in 
Vernon county, Wisconsin, in 1883. 

Mr. Davis, whose name heads this sketch, 
grew up in the town of Cooper, engaged in 
lumbering in the pineries. In April, 1801, 
he came to Wisconsin, settling in Vernon 



county and engaging in farming. 



During 



the war he enlisted, at Viroqua, in Company 
I, Forty-second Wisconsin Volunteer In- 
fantry, and was employed in provost duty to 
the close of the war. In 1870 ho moved to 
La Crosse, where he has since been princi- 
pally engaged in contracting and i-i the trans- 
fer busiuoss. He has served four years in 
the City Council, and is now serving his first 
term as County Supervisor from the Nine- 
teenth Ward of La Crosse. 

At Viroqua, in 1803, he married Miss 
Georgia E. White, a native of AVorcester, 
Massachusetts, and a daughter of William 
S. S. and Eunice (Bigelow) White The 
parents came to Wisconsin about 1859, lo. 
eating in Vernon county. For six years Mr. 
White was Register of Deeds of that county. 

Mr. and Mrs. Davis have one son and 
three daughters, namely: -Nettie, wife of 
Charles Conrow, a locomotive engineer; 
William II. and May. Mr. Davis is a mem- 



BIOGRAPHICAL EI STOUT. 



173 



ber of the G. A. R., of John Flynn Post, 
No. 77, in which he has held official posi- 
tions. He is also a member of North La 
Crosse Lodge, No. 90, F. & A. M., and with 
his family attends the Presbyterian Church. 



-^^xri/l/l,- 



-^in/xn^^ 



fOHN GUND BREWING COMPANY, 
La Crosse. — La Crosse has reason to be 
prond of many of her early pioneers, who 
liave done so much to win her a favorable 
reputation in their respective lines, and Mr. 
John Giind, Sr., of the John Gund Brewing 
Company, is not to be accounted the least on 
the list. He was born in Baden, Germany, 
in 1830, and his father, George M. Gund, 
brought the family to America in 1848. They 
settled in Freeport, Illinois, where the father 
died of cholera Jnly 29, 1850, and the mo- 
ther followed him to the grave three days 
later, of the same fell disease. John Gund, 
Sr., learned the brewer's trade in his native 
country, and after coming to the United 
States worked for two years in Dubuque, 
Iowa. From there he went to Galena, Illi- 
nois, rented a brewery and conducted the same 
until 1854, when he came to La Crosse. He 
built the first brewery in this city, on Front 
and Division streets, resided on the same lot, 
and carried on the business in a small way, 
though quite extensively for those days. In 
1858, he, in company with G. Heilman, built 
the City Brewery and continued in partner- 
ship until the fall of 1872, when Mr. Gund 
sold out his interest to Mr. Heilman and 
commenced the erection of the Empire Brew- 
ery, which he still owns. In 1873 he made a 
trip to Europe and visited his old home. 

The John Gund Brewing Company was 
organized and incorporated May 1, 1880, by 
John Gund, Sr., and his two sons, George and 

13 



Henry. In 1890 George withdrew from the 
firm, and Henry returned to La Crosse and 
took the position formerly occupied by 
George. The officers now are: John Gund, 
Sr., President; Henry, Secretary and Treas- 
urer; and John, Jr., Superintendent. 

Mr. Gund has ample capital and credit to 
carry on his business, and the La Crosse beer 
has a reputation extending over a wide terri- 
tory. In view of the foregoing facts, it is 
with great confidence and pleasure that Mr. 
Gund's brewery is selected to represent the 
brewing industry of this section. 

By his first wife Mr. Gund became the 
father of five children: Louisa, wife of 
Charles Mitchel, of La Crosse; Emma, wife 
of William Lurning, of Milwaukee; George, 
Henry and John, Jr. The mother of these 
children died May 18, 1880, when not quite 
fifty years of age. The daughter, Emma, 
died in 1884, when about twenty-seven years 
of age. Mr. Gund's second marriage occurred 
in Europe in the year 1885. Mr. Gund is 
highly regarded in trade circles as an honor- 
able business man, who has gained the entire 
confidence of his numerous customers, and 
once to form business relations with him is 
to be a permanent customer. 

HENRY GUND, 

secretary and treasurer of the Gund Brewery 
Company of La Crosse, Wisconsin, is one 
whose authority on all matters connected 
with this business, together with his wide 
experience and popularity, eminently fit him 
for the important and responsible position 
thai he holds. He was born in La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, March 2, 1859, and is the son of 
John and Louisa Gund, both natives of Ger- 
many, the father born in Baden and the 
mother in Wlirtemburg. (See sketch of John 
Gund, Sr.) Henry Gund received a good 
practical education in the public schools of 
La Crosse, and began business for himself in 



174 



BIOORAPniCAL HISTORY. 



1880, as member in the John Gund Brewing 
Company. He went to Minneapolis in 1882, 
was former manager in that city and con- 
ducted a large agency. While a resident of 
that citv he was the head of a building and 
loan association, and was a prominent and 
representative citizen. He remained there 
from 1881 until 1890, and then returned to 
La Crosse and has been secretary and treas- 
urer of the brewing company since. He 
was married in 1885 to Miss Nora Johnson, 
daughter of Andrew Johnson, of Minneapo- 
lis, who is now retired. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Gund have been born three interesting chil- 
dren: Emma, Louisa, and an infant son. In 
politics Mr. Gund advocates the principles of 
the Democratic party, and socially is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity. He is a 
thorough business man and sustains a high 
reputation in commercial circles, and is re- 
spected l)y all who know or ever had dealings 
with him. 

.lOIIN OUND, JH., 

one of the prominent business men of 
La Crosse, and general superintendent of 
the Gund Brewing Company, is a native 
resident of La Crosse, born April 13, 1862. 
His parents, John and Louisa Gund, were 
both natives of Germany. (See sketch of 
John Gund, Sr.) John Gund, Jr., received 
his primary education in the public schools of 
La Crosse, and finished in one of the promi- 
nent colleges of New York, First Scientific 
Station in the Art of Brewing. He gradu- 
ated at the end of a year, as he had had some 
advantages of the kind before going. Brew- 
ing has always been his business, and in that 
he has been very successful, lie became a 
partner of the John Gund Brewing Company 
in 1882, and he is at present general super- 
intendent of ihe same. The output of this 
brewery is 50,000 barrels, per year, and they 
employ from sixty-five to seventy hands the 



year round, not including coopers, agents and 
teamsters. The buildings cover about five 
acres in all. This is one of the principal in- 
dustries of the city and the largest brewery 
In the Northwest, outside of Milwaukee. 
Their goods go all over Wisconsin, Iowa, 
Dakota, Minnesota, Nebraska and Illinois. 
When twenty-five years of age John Gund, 
Jr., was elected Alderman for a term of four 
years, but resigned after serving three and a 
half years, on account of having moved out of 
the ward. He has been and is now director 
in the Inter-Stiite Fair. He was first director 
of the United States Brewmasters' Associa- 
tion for three years, but resigned owing to 
press of business. Mr. Gund selected Miss 
Carrie Bohm, of Winona, Minnesota, as his 
companion in life, and their nuptials were 
celebrated on the 8th of January, 1890. Her 
father was formerly connected with the Bohm 
manufacturing establishment of St. Paul, 
Minnesota, one of the largest in the North- 
west. In politics Mr. Gund is a staunch 
Democrat. 

RRIN L. SMITH, who is engaged in 
the insurance, loan and real-estate busi- 
ness, La Crosse, Wisconsin, was born 
at Galena, Illinois, December 6, 1829. His 
parents removed to the State of Ohio when 
he was an infant six months old, and resided 
in Cinciimati until he was sixteen years old; 
thence they went to New Orleans, and three 
years later came north to St. Louis; 1851 
found them in La Crosse, Orrin L. being 
twenty-one years of age. He pre-empted a 
quarter section of land on the wild prairie 
where Winona Junction is now located. He 
received his education in Cincinnati in the 
public schools and in the college of which 
Dr. Aydelott was president. When they ar- 



BIOGRAPEWAL BISTORT. 



175 



rived in La Crosse in 1851 there were but 
six shanties here, and about 300 AVinnebago 
Indians were camped in tlie neighborhood. 
In 1852 Mr. Smith went to his farm, and re- 
mained one season. In 1856 lie sold the farm 
for $800, and witiiin the last live years one- 
half the land has been sold for $15,000 for 
railroad purposes! 

He was married April 29, 1851, to Miss 
Mary E. Simonton, of Ohio. At that time 
his family were livins; in St. Lonis, and be- 
fore going to La Crosse he took his wife to 
her home in Ohio. After coming here he 
entered the employ of Smith, Rublee & 
Simonton as bookkeeper and salesman, a 
position which he held until the spring of 
1854, when he became clerk on the steam- 
boat Doctor Franklin, which was sunk in the 
Mississippi river the same season. The next 
two seasons he was clerk of the Lady Frank- 
lin, and the rest of his river life was on the 
Royal Arch, Granite State, Greek Slave, and 
War Eagle, belonging to the Galena and 
Minnesota Packet Line, and the Fall City, 
which was owned by La Crosse capital. The 
last-named was sunk in Lake Pepin. 

In 1859 Mr. Smith left the river, and for 
ten years following handled fuel in La 
Crosse. In 1869 he was elected City Clerk, 
and held the office three years. He was clerk 
of the International Hotel for two years, and 
spent one year as clerk in the employ of the 
Black River Improvement Company. He 
was bookkeeper for the David Laws omnibus 
and transfer line until the spring of 1882, 
when he removed to Brookings, Dakota Ter- 
ritory; there he managed the Commercial 
Hotel one year, returning to La Crosse at the 
end of that time. He re-entered Mr. Laws' 
employ, and held the same position until the 
summer of 1886. In September of that year 
he removed to Sherwood, Franklin county, 
Tennessee, where he owned a hotel situated 



in the Cumberland mountains. In 1890 he 
disposed of this property and came back to 
La Crosse. Soon after he eno-agred in the 
real-estate, loan and insurance business, which 
he has conducted with marked success. 

Mrs. Smith is a native of Warren county, 
Ohio, born November, 1S32. Three children 
have been born to our subject and wife: For- 
est J. was born January 22, 1853, in La 
Crosse, Wisconsin; he is now bookkeeper and 
clerk in the employ of the Black River Im- 
provement Company, and secretary and treas- 
urer of the East Fork Improvement Com- 
pany and of the Lumberman's Exchange; 
Eva M. married Matt. T. Wimsey, of La 
Crosse, and Frank O. married Miss Minnie 
Lamb; he is a journalist by profession. 

Mr. Smith is a member of the I. O. O. F., 
and has filled all the official positions of the 
lodge, which he has frequently represented at 
the Grand Lodge and in the Grand Encamp- 
ment of Wisconsin; is a member of the A. O. 
U. W., and has passed all the chairs of this 
lodge. He is also secretary of the Pioneers 
and Old Settlers' Association in La Crosse 
county. Politically he has been a life-long 
Republican, and is a zealous supporter of the 
issues of that organization. 

TEPHEN MARTINDALE, loan and 
insurance agent, 326 Main street, La 
Crosse, was born at Tinmouth, Ver- 
mont, June 9, 1823, and is a son of Stephen 
and Diantha (Kent) Martindale, who were 
also natives of the " Green Mountain" State. 
The father died in Wallingford, Vermont, in 
1847; the mother removed with her daughter, 
Mrs. Lucinda M. Hill, to Beloit, Wisconsin, 
about 1854, and there she passed the remain- 
der of her days. There was a family of four 
daughters and two sons: Caroline D., wife of 



176 



BIOGRAPniCAL HIS TOR T. 



Daniel Roberts, died in 1885; Angeliiie T., 
married Ciiarles N. Mattoon, D. D., both 
dying in 1885; Lncinda M.. married I. Mun- 
son Hill; Huldah S. resides with Mrs. Hill; 
Stephen is the tifth in order of birth, and 
Cephas K., the youngest, a successful phy- 
sician, is deceased. 

Stephen Martindale received his education 
in the common schools of Vermont and at 
Burr Seminary, which he entered at the age 
of seventeen years: there he spent three 
years, and was also a student at Cayuga 
Academy, Aurora, New York, for one year; 
he next entered Middlebury College, Ver- 
mi.nt, where he pursued a classical course, 
and was graduated in 1847. Having chosen 
the profession of law for his life work, he 
entered the National Law School at Ballston, 
New York, and studied under the noted Pro- 
fessor James K. Fowler; he was graduated in 
1848, having done a portion of the work re- 
quired before entering this school. His 
father was also a graduate of Middlebury 
College, being a member of the class of 1808, 
and both his father aod paternal grandfather 
were soldiers in the war of 1812, the latter 
being a Colonel and the former a line officer. 
His grandfather also foueht in the llevolu- 
tion, and although a inere child lendered gal- 
lant service. 

Mr. Martindale began the practice cf law 
at Wallingford, Vermont, but soon after- 
ward decided to ren)ove to the West, and in 
1849 he located in Ilacine, Wisconsin. In 
1854 he came to La Crosse, where he has 
since resided. About twenty years ago he 
returned to his native State to look after his 
wife's estate, and remained there two years. 
He has spent several years of his life in the 
mercantile and lumber trades, but the last two 
decades have been devoted to the loan and 
insurance business. 

At the house of his maternal great-grand- 



father, the first declaration of independence 
given to the world was drafted, by virtue of 
which Vermont stood independent of the 
world for fourteen years. The Kent fatnily 
trace their genealogy to Chancellor Kent. 

Mr. Martindale was united in marriage 
October 11, 1855, to Miss Catharine J. How- 
ard, a native of Benson, Vermont, born in 
1825, and a daughter of Major Edward S. 
and Anna (Meeker) Howard. Of this union 
two sons and one daughter have been born: 
Anna H., Stephen, Jr., and Edward Seymour 
Howard. Mr. Martindale has never been an 
office seeker, and dates first presidential vote 
back to Flenry Clay; he has always been a 
stanch supporter of Republican principles 

Mr. Martindale has now in his possession 
deeds find records pertaining to the fainily 
estate, which date back 200 years, and the 
family dates its American origin to 1G85. 

— -^■•' | ' i " s • ! '•-<" — • 




FOX, hotel proprietor. La Crosse, 
Wisconsin. — A city has always 
[■^^j^ •» amono' its distinguishing features 
one which persons of all degrees thoroughly 
uuderstand and appreciate, namely, a homelike 
and elegantly appointed hotel. La Crosse 
has many establishments of this kind, a note- 
worthy one being the Cameron House, con- 
ducted by W. D. Fo.\ and D. P. Smith. Mr. 
Fox was born in Ontario county. New York, 
December 6, 1826, and is a son of George 
and Huldf^h (Sheldon) Fox, natives of Con- 
necticut and New York respectively. He 
received his education in the common schools, 
and at the age of twenty years went to Ohio, 
soon after removing to Wisconsin; there he 
was engaged in the milling business for ten 
years. Later he turned his attention to the 
hotel business, and has kept hostleries all 
along the line of the Chicago, Milwaukee & 



BIOGRAPSIVAL HISTORY. 



177 



St. Paul Railroad; first he was at Portage, 
where he remained twenty-tive years aud had 
an enviable repntatioii. 

In March, 1880, he came tu La Cros?e to 
take charice of the Cameron House. Here 
everything will be found necessary to tlie tit- 
ting up of a high-class hotel, and the cuisine 
bears deservedly a higii and wide-spread re- 
putation among the best classes of the travel- 
ing public. During the past decade Mr. Fox 
has also been connected with the lumber 
interests here, and has found them quite re- 
munerative. He has associated with him in 
the hotel business D. I'. Smith, possessing 
qualifications that especially fit him for the 
management of a hotel. 



'> 




JILLIAM NEADFELT, one of the 
most reliable agriculturists of Hamil- 
ton township, is the subject of the 
following brief biographical sketch. He is a 
native of Germany, born November 12, 1862, 
and is a son of Dietrich and Dora Neadfelt. 
The father emigrated with his family to 
America in 1869, and after his arrival in 
the United States located in La Crosse 
county, "Wisconsin. Dietrich Neadfelt died 
May 15, 1890, aged fifty-eight years; his 
widow is still living, at the age of sixty-three 
years. Seven children were born to them, 
four in the " Fatherland " and three in 
America. Upon coming to this country our 
subjected invested in 160 acres of land, and 
later made another purchase of 160 acres in 
the same township; this land he has brought 
to a high state of cultivation, and is improved 
with large and convenient buildings. Mr. 
Neadfelt has given especial attention to the 
raising of live-stock, and has some excellent 



grades on his place; he raises oats, corn, hay, 
wheat and barley, liarvesting bountiful crops; 
the farm is well watered, aud is one of the 
most desirable in the community. 

In 1884 he was united in marriage to Miss 
Mena Imgarten, a daughter of German par- 
ents who still live in their native land. Of 
this union five children have been born: 
Henry, Fred, August, Eda and Mary. The 
parents are members of the Bostwick Valley 
Lutheran Chui-ch. Mr. Neadfelt is a worthy 
representative of his countrymen who came 
to America, and with no capital excepting 
that with which Nature has endowed him, 
accomplish the most gratifying results. By 
good management, energy and industry, he 
has accumulated a competence, and is sur- 
rounded with all the comforts invention and 
intelligence can produce. 

Henry Neadfelt, brother of our subject, 
resides with him, and renders him good ser- 
vice on the farm ; two sisters, Mary and Dora, 
are both married and live in this country; 
the former was wedded to Dietrich Radins- 
laben, and the lafrter to "William Byer. 



-^^lym/ir- 



jICHOLAS S. RICE (originally Reis), 
*'" of the firm of Wheeler & Rice, Novelty 
"Works, La Crosse, was born in Madison, 
this State, July 12, 1858, a son of Frederick 
and Christina (Neuraan) Reis. His father, a 
wine-grape grower, was born on the Mosel, 
Prussia, and came to America when a young 
man, locating at Madison, where he died, 
in 1858. His wife was born at Eiffel, near 
Cologne. 

Mr. Rice, our subject, left Madison at the 
age of fourteen years, lived one year and a 



178 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



half at Yankton, Dakota, and in the fall of 
1874 came to La Crosse. Having learned 
the glazier's trade, he followed it here twelve 
years, for Sej^elke, Kolliaus & Co., then 
joined the firm of Lovejoy Btos. & Co., with 
whom he was connected until December, 
1888, when J. E. Wheeler purchased the in- 
terest of the Lovejoy Bros., forming a part- 
nership with Mr. Rice, and they are now 
enjoying a good trade. Mr. Rice is now 
Alderman for the Fifteenth "Ward, serving 
his first term; and he is a member of the 
Society of Modern Woodmen and of the Con- 
cordia Society. 

He was married in La Crosse, to Anna 
Schubert, who was born at Auscha, Austria, 
a daughter of Wenzel and Theresa (Siege- 
mund) Schubert, who came to America in 
1873, settling in La Crosse. They have four 
sons and one daughter: Ernest, Henry, 
Walter, Anna and Emil. 



Hwr 



(HARLES ASA HUNT, Chief of the 
Fire Department of the city of La 
Crosse, was born at Carthage, Jefferson 
county. New York, May 23, 1859, a son of 
OrviUe E. and Esther F. (Crook) Hunt. His 
father, a native of Massachusetts, was a com- 
mercial traveler by occupation. The ancestry 
of this family have been New Englanders for 
generations past. Mr. Hunt's mother w-as a 
daughter of Horace Crook, of New York 
State. 

Mr. Hunt grew up to manhood at Lide- 
pendence, Iowa, wliither his father had moved 
and where he was an extensive carriage- 
maker for many years. In addition to his 
education at the public schools, young 
Charles pursued a course of commercial 
study, and then engaged in commercial life, 
at the age of sixteen years. At eighteen he 



entered upon business for himself, at Inde- 
pendence, and also carried it on at Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa. In 1885 he came to La Crosse, 
where he has since been a merchant. He 
has been a member of the lire department 
three years; is also a member of Official 
Lodge, No. 27, Knights of Pythias, holding 
now therein the office of Keeper of the 
Records and Seal; also a member of the So- 
ciety of Modern Woodmen of America and 
of the Ancient Order of Druids. 

He was married in Chicago, to Miss Lizzie 
E. Blanchard. a native of Philadelphia and a 
daughter of George W. Blanchard, a commis- 
sion merchant of that city. They have one 
son, by name Engene Dale. 



....,g. ;. , r . »; .,^ 

HARLES H. MARQUARDT, M. D., is 
a native of Germany, born in the village 
of Nemrin, province of Pomerania, 
January 6, 1855, son of Frederick and 
Augusta (Baumann) Marquardt. His father 
was a shepherd by occupation, that being the 
general occupation of the Marquardts — men 
of hardy constitutions and medium stature. 
They were of the Lutheran faith and tena- 
cious of their religious principles. In 1868 
Frederick Marquardt came to America and 
established his home at La Crosse, where he 
has been engaged as a laborer in lumber 
yards. He has reared three sous and three 
daughters. 

Charles H. grew to manhood in this city, 
obtained a fair schooling in Germany, and 
engaged as an apprentice in the drug busi- 
ness after arrival in La Crosse. In 1874 he 
went to Philadelphia and etitered the Phila- 
delphia College of Pharmacy, where he was 
graduated in 1876. He then went to Coun- 
cil Bluffs, Iowa, took charge of a drug store 
and began readine medicine under the tutor- 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



179 



age of Dr. Henry Osborne. After remaining 
there three years he returned to Fliiladelphia, 
entered Jefferson Medical College, passed 
three years in study and graduated in 1882. 
That year he returned to La Crosse and be- 
gan the practice of medicine, in which he has 
since been successfully engaged. From 1884 
to 1890 he served as city physician; from 
1883 to 1889 as a member of the Pension 
Board; and for several terms as a member of 
tlie School Board. He is now examiner for 
the Germania Life Insurance Company, the 
Michigan Mutual Life Insurance Company, 
and associate examiner for the Equitable 
Life Insurance Company; is also examiner 
for the German branch of the Catholic 
Knights of Wisconsin. He is a member of 
the State Medical Society, and has served 
the La Crosse County Medical Society as its 
vice-president. 

Dr. Marquardt was married, in Hokah, 
Minnesota, February 26, 1889, to Miss 
Frances Burkart, a native of Houston county, 
Minnesota, by whom he has a daughter, 
Sophia. 



^UGO SCHICK, of the firm of Stoltze 
& Schick, architects, L Crosse, Wiscon- 
sin, was born in Bidjow, Northern 
Austria, January 30, 1855, son of Joseph 
and Annie (Letshouer) Schick. Soon after 
the birth of Hugo his father, a merchant by 
occupation, removed to Vienna and there 
carried on his business till about 1880. On 
both sides of this family tree we find them 
descendants of an old-time ancestry in Aus- 
tria. The house in which Mr. Schick was 
born is claimed to have belonged to this 
family for over seven generations. As a gen- 
eral rule they were people who followed mer- 
cantile pursuits. 



The subject of our sketch was the sixth 
born in a family of four sons and three 
daugliters, of whom one daughter is deceased. 
He grew to manhood in his native land and 
there obtained a good education in the public 
schools, subsequently taking a thorough 
course of study in tlie Polytechnieal School 
and Academy of Arts of Vienna, completing 
his studies at about the age of twenty-two, 
and graduating in a regular course of archi- 
tecture. He spent three years in office work 
in Vienna, and in 1880 came to America; 
was two years in New York city, two years 
in Chicago, and two years at St. Paul, coming 
to La Crosse in 1886. Here he became as- 
sociated with Mr. Stoltze, and has since been 
engaged in a very successful business. 
Among their works here may be mentioned 
the Chicago, Burlington & Northern Rail- 
way depot, Tillman Bros'. Block, schools, 
churches, City Hall, etc., etc. 

Mr. Schick was married in Muscatirte, 
Iowa, to Miss Mary Kendig, of that city, 
daughter of John and Magdalena Kendig, 
natives of Pennsylvania and of German an- 
cestry. They have two daughters and one 
son: Nelly, Jennie and Frederick. The 
family worship at the Methodist Church. 

TTSTAV STOLTZE is a member of the 
firm of Stoltze & Schick, architects. La 
Crosse, Wisconsin, and is prominently 
connected with the business interests of this 
city. 

He was born in Goslar, province of Hano- 
ver, Germany, February 27, 1854, and grew 
to manhood in his native land, there receiving 
a college education. In 1872 he came to 
America and located in Boston. In 1878 he 
completed a thorough technical course of 
study in architecture there, after which for 



1^0 



BWGRAPHJCAL 11 1 STORY. 



two years lie applied liimself to th« practice 
of his profession and worked in tiieotiices of 
Ware & Van Brunt and Rotch & Tilden. 
In 1880 lie came West through an induce- 
ment from a Minneapolis tirm of architecture, 
and remained in tliat city until 1883. Then 
he spent two years in the employ of the 
Northern Pacific Refrigerator Company. Re- 
tiring from that position in 1885, he came to 
La Crosse and opened up a business which he 
has since successfully conducted, having had 
Mr. Hugo Schick as partner since 1888. 
Their designs includs all classes of building 
work. Among the many blocks erected l)y 
their firm may be mentioned the Ileileman 
Brewing Company's brewing building, the 
Odd Eellows Temple, the shops of the Chi- 
cago, Burlington & Northern Railway, 
chapel and hospital for the Franciscan Sis- 
ters, La Crosse City Hall, residences of 
Stephen Gantert, J. J. Fruit, E. C. Dailey, 
and many others. 

Mr. Stoltze was married in La Crosse to 
Miss Alma Wiggenhorn, daughter of Eugene 
Wiggenhorn. Mr. Stoltze is a member of the 
American Institute of Architects, and as a 
business man and a citizen he is respected 
by all who know him. 



ILMER J. TIEDEMANN, M. D., Ma- 
rine Surgeon of La Crosse, was born in 
Chicago, Illinois, August 10, 1861, a 
son of Anthony and Parthenia (Pierce) Tie- 
demann. His father was a native of Ger- 
many, born near Berlin, and was a merchant; 
and his grandfather, Jacob Tiedeinann, was a 
commander in the merchant marine of Ger- 
many. Many of the ancestors had marine 
occupations. Dietricli Tiedemann was widely 
and favorably known in the medical profession 
as an influential authority in anatomy and 



physiology. Ot this progenitor Elmer J. is 
a direct descendant. The ancestry generally 
had hardy constitutions and a large stature, 
and were long-lived. 

Dr. Tiedemann, our subject, grew to man- 
hood in Chicago, where he attended the pub- 
lic elementary and high schools. From the 
age of eighteen he taught school three years, 
and then, in his twenty-second year, he en- 
tered the old Ohio Medical College at Cin- 
cinnati, and a year afterward Rush Medical 
College at Cliicago, where in 1885 he grad- 
uated. He opened out in practice at West 
Concord, Minnesota, and was prospering 
well, when, on account of injuries received, 
he was compelled in June, 1889, to abandon 
his practice there. He came to La Crosse 
and began to establish a practice which would 
not call him out on trips of exposure. He 
is a member of the Minnesota and the Wis- 
consin State Medical Associations, and also 
of the local medical society. Is now marine 
hospital surgeon for La Crosse. He is a 
member of the A. O. U. W. and of the Ma- 
sonic order, and both himself and wife are 
members of the Congregational Church. 

He was married in Mauston, Wisconsin, 
October 3, 1888, to Miss Jennie Halton 
Davis, a native of Baraboo, this State, and a 
daughter of Richard Halton and Helen 
(Thompson) Davis. They have one son, Ian 
Davis Tiedemann. 

[OLOXEL NELS R. NELSON, Super- 
visor of the Seventh Ward, La Crosse, 
although a native of Denmark, is thor- 
oughly identified with the best interests of 
this city, and is justly entitled to honorable 
mention in the history of La Crosse county. 

He was born at Galthen, province of Jyl- 
land, Denmark, January 18, 1847, son of 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



181 



Rasmus Nelson by his marriage to Karan 
Johnson. His father was also a native of 
Galthen, and was a merchant of that place. 
His ancestors were for the most part agri- 
culturists, and for many generations had 
lived in tiiat province. They were people of 
good station in life, had strong constitutions 
and were noted for their longevity. Our 
subject grew to manhood in his native town, 
and obtained a good common-school educa- 
tion, supplementing it with an academic 
course at Aarhus, which he completed in his 
seventeenth year. The year following he en- 
listed in the Danish army, and served in it 
with the war against Prussia, as Second 
Lieutenant in its reserves. After the war he 
went to Aarhus and entered upon a three 
years' apprenticeship to the dry-goods trade, 
at the expiration of which time he came to 
America, landing in New York city, June 
12, 1868. He located in Oconomowoc, Wis- 
consin, where he made his home until 1873. 
The next two years he spent at Sparta, from 
which place he went to Viroqua. In the fall 
of 1876 he accepted a position with J. W. 
Toms & Co., La Crosse, as traveling sales- 
man, and continued with them until the fall 
of 1879. At that time he engaged with 
Mons Anderson & Son, also dry-goods mer- 
chants, and traveled for them until July 1, 
1881, when he severed his connection with 
the company. He next engaged with Straw, 
Ellsworth & Co., Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 
the hat and cap trade, and remained in their 
employ until January 1, 1890, when he ac- 
cepted a position with the Goll & Frank Co., 
Milwaukee, in the wholesale dry- goods busi- 
ness, in which he is engaged at present. 

Colonel Nelson was married in Sparta, 
Wisconsin, to Miss Anna Pedcrson, and by 
her has had three sons and three daughters. 
Their oldest son, Robert, died and is buried 
in Oak Grove Cemetery. Those living are 



Paul, Klaudia, Kennet, and Agnes and Nora 
(twins). The Colonel is a member of the 
following fraternities: Norden Society, of 
which he has served as president on two dif- 
ferent occasions; the Norraanna Lodge, LO. 
O. F., having passed all the chairs of the 
order; and the A. F. & A. M., being a mem- 
ber of the Chapter. He is also a member of 
the Board of Trade of La Crosse. He and 
his wife worship at the Lutheran Church. 
In 1883 he was appointed by Governor Rusk 
as a member of his staff, and served until 
1889. Is now serving his second term as 
Supervisor of the Seventh Ward, La Crosse. 

— — 4->f^-^ — 



jll^-^ENRY ESPERSEN, although of Euro- 
pean birth, has thoroughly identified 
himself with America and her grand 
institutions, and for many years has been a 
prominent citizen of La Crosse, Wisconsin. 
Briefly stated, a review of his life is as 
follows: 

Henry Espersen was born in Denmark, on 
the island of Bornholm, the home of tlie old 
" Viking's," in the town of Roenne, Feb- 
ruary 11, 1830, son of Christian Espersen by 
his marriage to Margaret Pearsen. His 
father was a watchmaker by trade, and carried 
on his business in Roenne till his death, 
which occurred in 1850 or 1851. The Esper- 
sens were generally artisans, although we find 
branches of the family in the pursuit of other 
interests. Neils Espersen, an uncle of the 
subject of our sketch, was honored by the 
King of Denmark. For inventions and im- 
provements in time-pieces he was made a 
Knight of the order ol' Danneboro and pre- 
sented with the golden cross of honor of that 
knighthood. As a race, the Espersens were 
of medium size, heavy built, hardy constitu- 
tions and long-lived. The Pearsons were 



182 



BIOORAPHIOAL HISTORY. 



merchantmen, and were favorably known in 
tlie marine interests oi: the Kingdom of 
Denmark. 

The snbject of onr sketcli was reared in 
bis native land, and acquired a tliorough 
knowledge of the watchmaker and jeweler's 
business. He bad obtained a good education 
in the public schools, and had supplemented 
it with a training in the military schools of 
Elsinore, for the purpose of taking a com- 
mission in the Danish army; but, on account 
of the quota of officers being full, he tui-ned 
bis attention to his trade. After spending 
some time in Copenhagen he returned to his 
native island and continued there until after 
the death of his mother, when, in 1853, he 
came to America, lie spent three years in 
New York city, and in 1856 located in Mil- 
waukee, coming from there to La Crosse, in 
1858. He has been engaged chiefly in real 
estate interests, building and improving city 
property. 

Mr. Espersen was first married to Mrs. 
Cordelia (Bean) Burns, a native of Missouri, 
widow of Governor Burns. She died in 1867, 
leaving a son, Arthur Espersen, who is now a 
resident of Tacoma, Washington, engaged in 
the real estate business. He formed a second 
marriage with Miss Caroline Matilda Mead, 
a native of Brooklyn, New York, and a cousin 
of ex-Governor Hoffman ot New York city. 
By her he has two sons, Harry Larue and 
Frank Henry. 

When Mr. Espersen came to America he had 
but one dollar in his pocket, and his present 
prominent and influential position is the re- 
sult of his own earnest efforts. He has 
served as Justice of the Peace for La Crosse 
on diflPorent occasions; as Street Commissioner 
and Superintendent of the Poor, the first 
officer in that capacity th« city had; in 1875 
was commissioned by the President as a 
Deputy Surveyor and to make allotments for 



the Chippewa Indians of Wisconsin; in 1877 
was appointed by the President as Surveyor- 
General of Dakota, and held the office until 
July, 1881; served as Kegistrar of the United 
States Land Office here, during President 
Arthur's administration. During the war 
Mr. Espersen oflered his services in the field, 
and, they not being accepted, he took an ac- 
tive part in raising men and means in the 
furtherance of the Union cause. In 1874 he 
was appointed Assistant Sergeant at Arms of 
the Senate of Wisconsin, and served durino- 
the session. 

In the summer of 1870, upon the occasion 
of his second marriage, Mr. Espersen paid a 
visit to the home of his nativity, and traveled 
through Germany, Switzerland and Scandi- 
navia. 



"*" "4 ' 2 " t ' S" "" 

fOHN DENGLEK, cigar manufacturer 
and formerly Mayor of La Crosse, was 
born in Koenigswart, in the German 
part of the Kingdom of Bohemia, Austria, 
January 1, 1849. His father, Francis Dong- 
ler, was a boot and shoe merchant. His 
mother's maiden name was Barbara Dietl. 
Their ancestry were people of good physical 
constitution and long-lived, and were mechan- 
ics, generally blacksmitlis. In 1856 Francis 
Dengler came to America, landing at New 
York city, and the ne.xt year brought the 
family over. 

Mr. John Dengler grew to manhood in 
New York city. At the age of eleven years 
he entered a cigar manufactory, became an 
apprentice at the age of thirteen and a jour- 
neyman at fifteen. He was employed in New 
York city until his twenty-ninth year, during 
which time he served as foreman of different 
factories, always in an amicable relation, those 
under bis superintendency never being dis- 



BIOORAPHICAL HISTORY. 



183 



posed to "strike." In 1878 he came West 
and spent some six months at St. Paul, and 
in 1879 located at La Crosse. Here he was 
superintendent of John Pamperin's cigar 
manufactory until 1884, since which time he 
has been engaged in the business on his own 
account. He began business for hitnself in 
a small way, for a time employing but two 
hands; but his trade has kept steadily grow- 
ing with tiie constantly increasing demand 
for his goods. His business has grown to 
such proportions that at this writing, in 1891, 
he gives employment to upwards of fifty em- 
ployees, and the products of his factory find 
a ready market in many of the principal 
towns and cities of Wisconsin, Minnesota 
and Iowa. 

Being thoronghly Americanized, Mr. Deng- 
ler takes a lively interest in all public ques- 
tions, both national and State. He is a sup- 
porter of the Republican party, and has done 
much efficient work in the interest of that 
organization, though he has never sought 
political distinction for himself, preferring 
to devote his time to the promotion of his 
business interests. In 1889 he was elected 
Mayor of the city of La Crosse, and faith- 
fully discharged the duties of his office. 

Mr. Dengler is essentially a self-made 
man, and his business success is due to his 
own industry, energy and strict integrity in 
all his commercial transactions. 

He is a member of a number of social or- 
ganizations. 



-|-^^^> 




5f ILBUR I. DUDLEY, one of the re- 
liable farmers and stock-raisers of La 
Crosse county, was born at Guilford, 
New Haven county, Connecticut, March 31, 
1849, and is a son of William L. and Phebe 
Dudley, old and respected residents of La 



Crosse county. He received his education in 
the common schools, at the La Crosse Valley 
Seminary, West Salem, and at a business 
college in Chicago, taking a three months' 
course at the latter place. He began the 
business of life as a farmer, and has since 
followed agriculture. In 1856 he came West 
with iiis parents, who were among the pio- 
neers of the county, and in his youth ex- 
perienced many of the privations and trials 
incident to lite on the frontier. He now re- 
sides two and a half miles southwest of West 
Salem on a valley farm of 300 acres; the 
land is in a high state of cultivation, and 
the improvements are of a most substantial 
character. The residence, which is built of 
brick, is a large and convenient dwelling, and 
has a charming site, overlooking the fertile 
farms which stretch in every direction. Mr. 
Dudley raises grain, hay and hogs; he plants 
from sixty to eighty acres to corn, a little 
more to oats, and fifty to sixty acres to hay. 
Although he raises large numbers of hogs, 
he also has high-grade cattle and horses. He 
is a pronounced type of the progressive farm- 
er, ar.d has been very successful in all his 
undertakings. 

He was married October 9, 1876, to Miss 
Marion A. Bailey, a daughter of George E. 
and Ellen A. Bailey, honored residents of 
Mansfield, Massachusetts. Mr. Bailey is an 
inventor of considerable notoriety, being a 
patentee of an oven sold extensively in this 
country, and patented in England. Mrs. 
Dudley is one of a family of six children, of 
whom she is the oldest; Carrie married 
Alexander McRea; Hattie is the wife of 
Clarence Boylston; George P. married Miss 
Mary Burkenhead; Frank H., who is in the 
bakery business with his father, and Sadie. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Dudley have been born 
five children: George W., Lillian L., Phebe 
E., Walter B. and Sherman L. The parents 



184 



BIOGRAPHICAL BISTORT. 



are members of the Congregational Church. 
Mrs. Dudley is a woman of intelligence and 
culture, and was a successful teacher for 
several years prior to her marriage. Our 
worthy subject is a Republican in his poli- 
tics, and is a stanch supporter of the temper- 
ance movement. 



»SAAC EMEERSON, blacksmith, and the 
fll present Alderman for the Seventh Ward, 
^ of La Crosse, was born in Bergen township, 
Vernon county, Wisconsin, July 24, 1859, a 
son of Andrew and Carrie (Holverson) Era- 
berson. His father was a native of Norway 
and came to America when a young man, 
locating first in Virginia and afterward mov- 
ing to this State, and died September 24, 
1890, leaving four sons and two daughters. 
The mother died in 1866. 

Isaac, as he grew to manhood, learned the 
blacksmith's trade. In 1880 he came to La 
Crosse. 

He was married ' here, to Miss Agnes 
Hughes, a native of St. Mary's, Ontario, 
Canada, and a daughter of Patrick and Cath- 
arine Hughes. Mr. and Mrs. Emberson have 
two sons and one daughter, namely: Mary 
Olive, Andrew Russell and James Murray. 
The third child, Jacob, is deceased. 



|IELS GUSTAV HILLESTAD, County 
Treasurer of La Crosse county, was 
born at Drammen, near Christiania, 
Norway, October 29, 1848, the son of Hans 
and Martha Hillestad, farmers. At the age 
of fifteen years he was apprenticed as a clerk 
in a general mercantile store at Tonsberg. 
In 1866 he came to America, settling here 
in La Crosse and engaging as a clerk until 



1882, and since as a partner with Christian 
Pederson, in clothing and furnishing goods, 
enjoying a successful trade. Being an active 
Worker in the political field, as a Democrat, 
he was ejected in 1890 to his present respons- 
ible position, already named, by a handsome 
majority, in a county which has generally 
been Republican. He is a member of the 
Norden Society, has been one of the efiicient 
officers of the Normanna Sangerkor, was one 
of the charter members and is at present the 
treasurer. He is also the treasurer of the 
I. O. O. F., Normanna Lodge, No. 260. 



►>»f- 




ILLIAM LOHMILLER, agent of 
the Chicago & Northwestern Rail- 
way Company at La Crosse, and 
manager of the La Crosse Fuel Company, 
was born in New York city, April 23, 1844, 
a son of John W. and Elizabeth (Hoerner) 
Lohmiller. His father was a native of Sar- 
bruck, France (now Alsace, Germany), was 
an architect and builder, and came to America 
in 1829, when a young man, locating in New 
York city, where he was married. His wife 
was born near Johannisberg, Bavaria, Ger- 
many. In 1856 .John W. Lohmiller came 
to Wisconsin, locating at Fort Atkinson, 
where he brought up five sons, all of whom 
are still living. 

William, whose name heads this sketch, 
learned the drug trade, following it in Madi- 
son and Fort Atkinson for about twelve 
years; was then agent for the Chicago & 
Northwestern Railroad Company at Sparta 
nearly fifteen years, and finally he came to 
La Crosse, in 1885. In 1887 he organized 
the La Crosse Fuel Company, of which he 
has since been the manager. He is a Thirty- 
second-degree Mason, being a member of 
Oriental Consistory and also of the Mystic 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



185 



Shrine. He is also a member of the Koyal 
Arcanum, A. O. U. W., and of the Interna- 
tional Association of Ticket Agents. He 
and family attend worship at the Congrega- 
tional Church. At present he is an Alder- 
man of the Fourteenth Ward of La Crosse, 
for term ending 1895. 

He was married in Chicago, in 1871, to 
Miss Charlotte Hickox, a native of Wisconsin 
and a daughter of Lyman Hickox, of Fort 
Atkinson, Wisconsin. Mr. Hickox settled 
in this state from Syracuse, New York, in 
1840. Mr. and Mrs. Lohmiller have three 
sons, viz.: Leavenworth William, a young 
man of bright promise and now a clerk in 
the freight office of the Cliicago & North- 
western Railway Company, and a partner in 
the stationery l)usiness of Fred Leach &Co. ; 
Royal Kasson and Calvin Arthur. 



~^'V5*-»^^-«-°^ 

fOHN ALOYS RENGGLY, M. D., City 
Physician of La Crosse, was born in the 
town of Schmerikon, in the canton of St. 
Gallen, Switzerland, December 27, 1827, son 
of Anton and Therese (Keller) Runggly. His 
father was a farmer by occupation. We find 
these people belonging probably more to 
Entlebneh in the canton of Lucerne. The 
subject of our sketch was reared in Zurich, 
Switzerland, and studied medicine there and 
at Vienna, Austria, completing his studies 
at the age of twenty-four years. He prac- 
ticed his profession at Zurich till 1866, when 
he came to America and direct to La Crosse. 
Here he lias since continued to reside, en- 
gaged in a medical practice. 

Dr. Renggly was married, in Zurich, Swit- 
zerland, to Miss Louise Arbenz. by whom he 
has one son, Alfred, a bookkeeper by profes- 
sion. During the years 1883, '84 and '85 
the Doctor held the office of city physician. 



whicli position he is now tilling. He has 
also served the city as Supervisor of its 
schools. He is a member of the I. O. O. F., 
and is medical examiner for the lodge to 
which he belongs. 



-^^xn/i/l/- 



-^iruio^^ 



fC. HERRINGTON, yard master for 
the Chicago, Burlington & Northern 
** Railroad at North La Crosse, was born 
in Clyde, New York, in 1853, and is a son of 
John and Julia (Strong) Herrington, natives 
of the Empire State. They removed to Chi- 
cago in 1866, and there passed the remainder 
of their days; tiie father died in 1871, at the 
age of fifty-nine years, and the mother sur- 
vived him fourteen years, passing away at the 
age of sixty-nine years. Young Herrington 
attended the common schools of Chicago 
until he was fourteen years of age, when he 
entered the employ of the Chicago, Burling- 
ton & Quincy Railroad Company; he began 
work in the machine shop, where he was for 
eighteen months; then he was fireman on a 
locomotive for three years, at the end of 
which time he was promoted to the switching 
department; there he continued seven years, 
giving complete satisfaction to the company; 
he was next promoted to the position of yard 
master for this company at Chicago, where 
he was until 1886; he was then sent to La 
Crosse to take charge of the ('hicago, Bur- 
lington & Northern yards. He has always 
rendered the railway company the most effi- 
cient service, and his merits have not been 
without recognition. Although young in 
years he is old in the railway business, having 
devoted twenty-three years to the various 
positions he has been called upon to till. 

Mr. Herrington is a member of the Knights 
of Pythias of La Crosse, and holds the office 
of Keeper of the Seals and Records. 



186 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



In 1878 he was united in marriacre to Miss 
Susie Clark of Chicago, a daughter of Hugh 
and Elizabeth (Campbell) Clark; her father 
was a contractor in Chicago; both are now 
deceased; the father died in 18G7, aged forty- 
five years, and the mother in 1886, at the 
age of sixty nine years. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Herriiigton have been born live children: 
George, Frank, Norman, Bessie and Ethel; 
Frankie died at the age of two years and ten 
months, his death being a sore trial to the 
parents. 



-^-nym/l/- 



■^jin/1^^ 



|CHNELL BROS., brick manufacturers, 
La Crosse, one of the most noted and 
successful concei-ns in this part of the 
State, extensively engaged in the manufacture 
of brick, is that conducted by Schnell Bros., 
(Pliilipp and John), who have owned and 
operated the Schnell Bros, brick yards for 
the last five years. They turn out from 
1,200,000 to 1,500.000 bricks per year and 
sell the same in La Crosse. These brothers 
are doing a good business and are energetic 
and industrious citizens who are a credit to 
any community. They are well liked by 
their business associates. Their parents, 
Frederick and Marguerette Schnell, were na- 
tives of Germany and came to the United 
States in 1870. The father is still living, on 
an adjoining farm, but the mother received 
her final summons in 1889, at the age of 
sixty-three. 

Phillip Schnell was married in 1882, to 
Miss Lena Feyen, daughter of Nicholas and 
Katie Feyen, natives of Germany who came 
to La Crosse about 1858. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Schnell have been born three children: John, 
Charles and Philipp. Mr. Schnell has been 
called to serve his town in a number of posi- 
tions and has done so with credit to himself 



and to the satisfaction of his fellow townsmen. 
He and his brother John are independent in 
their political views, voting for the man 
rather than the party. Both are members of 
the Lutheran Church. John is unmarried. 

— .■«.i g ' 3n; « g 




L. DUDLEY, a citizen of La Crosse 
county, has borne iiis share of the 
"* burden that falls to the lot of the 
pioneer; he has aided in preparing the way 
for the march of civilization and progress, 
and it is to such men that the present gener- 
ation is indebted for the rare educational fa- 
cilities and the many opportunities afforded 
both in agricultural and commercial life. He 
was born in New Haven county, Connecticut, 
October j^6, 1816, and is a son of William 
and Deborah (Lee) Dudley, natives of Con- 
necticut. His father died in tiie State in 
which he was born, at the age of sixty-five 
years; the mother, a most noble and lovable 
woman, died in 1827, aged forty-four years. 
Both were exemplary Christians, and devout 
members of the Congregational Church. They 
reared a family of two sons and five daugh- 
ters, three of whom are living. 

W. L. Dudley was reared on his father's 
farm in Connecticut, and agriculture has 
been his principal occupation through life, 
and in this calling ho has been deservedly 
successful. In his youth he worked for a 
period of three years in a comb factory, and 
he was very highly spoken of by his employ- 
ers. His motto in life has been, " Keep thy 
word sacred and inviolate," and a life accord- 
ing to this precept has brought its reward. 

In 1856 he emigrated to Wisconsin from 
Connecticut, and settled in LaCrosse county; 
the following year his family made'the jour- 
ney, and as his health was greatly improved 
by the change, they decided to remain. He 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



187 



has been very wise in his investments, and 
now owns several hundred acres of land, a 
large portion of which is as fine as lies within 
the borders of the county; his improvements 
are of a substantial character, his residence 
is delightfully situated, and he is surrounded 
with all the comforts of the day. His farm 
is well adapted to the raising of grains and 
live-stock, and he is numbered atnong the 
most reliable farmers of the county. 

Mr. Dudley was united in the holy bonds 
of matrimony November 10, 1841, to Miss 
Phebe A. Ives, a daughter of Daniel and 
Elizabeth Ives, of New Haven county, Con- 
necticut. Her father died when she was a 
young girl, but her mother lived to be over 
eighty years old. Of this union two sons 
and two daughters were born. Caroline 
married John Aldrich, and they have had 
seven children ; Walter W. resides in Chicago, 
married Miss Elizabeth Beeclier, and they 
are the parents of one child, Grace; Wilbur 
I., a sketch of whom will be found on another 
page of this volume, and Jennie L., wife of 
Henry D. Griswold, who died leaving lour 
children; she was a worthy member of the 
Congregational Church and a woman of un- 
usual force of character. 



fRED HEMKER, one of the progressive 
and entei prising citizens of Hamilton 
township, is entitled to the following 
space in the record of the leading men of La 
Crosse county. He was born in Hanover, 
Germany, July 22, 1836, and is a son of 
Henry and Sophia (Elo) Hemker, natives of 
the German Empire. The father was a farmer 
by occupation, and followed his calling with 
rare intellitrence. In 1866 he emigrated to 
America, and after his arrival in the United 
States came to La Crosse county, where he 



lived with his children. Fred Hemker is the 
youngest of a family of six children. At the 
age of fourteen years he began to learn the 
trade of a brick and stone mason, and worked 
at this business fourteen years in his native 
land. In 1864 he determined to come to the 
LTnited States, and carrying out this determi- 
nation we find him a citizen of Hamilton 
township. Here he worked at his trade for 
three or four years, and after his marriage in 
1869 he settled on a farm of 220 acres, 
located in the La Crosse valley. This was 
wild land, entirely unimproved, but years of 
toil have converted it into one of the most 
beautiful and fertile tracts in the township. 
The principal crops are wheat, oats and corn. 
Mr. Hemker also does a thriving dairy busi- 
ness, keepirig from twelve to fourteen head 
of cows. He has some good hogs of the 
Poland-China stock, and a few fine head of 
horses. His buildings are of good style, 
roomy and convenient; the residence is partly 
of solid and partly of veneered brick, and is 
situated on an attractive spot, commanding 
a view of this fertile vallej'. The cellar is 
one of the finest in the State, being cut in 
the solid rock. There is a thrifty young 
-orchard, and all the surroundings are pleasing 
and homelike. 

Mr. Hemker has been a member of the 
Town Board for six years, and in this capacity 
has done his community most ethcient service. 
He is a man of good, sound judgment, is 
genial and courteons of manner, and a good 
representative of his fellow-countrymen. He 
is president of the Free-Thinkers' Society of 
Bostwick valley, and is one of its most ad- 
vanced members. 

He was married in 1869 to Miss Wilhel- 
mine Wege, a daughter of Henry and Sophia 
AVege, residents of Hamilton township. Mrs. 
Hemker is one of a family of five cliildren: 
Fred, Lizzie, Mary, Dora and herself. She is 



188 



BWGRAPHIGAL HISTORY. 



a woman of kind, gentle disposition, and 
liiglily esteemed by a wide circle of acquaint- 
ances. To our subject and wife have been 
born three children: Emma, Fred and Alfred. 
Fred is overseeing the farm, and has displayed 
great aptitude for agricultural pursuits. 



lAMUEL MATHESON, a generaj 
merchant at Bangor, was born in Nor. 
way, fourteen miles from Christiania, 
February 11, 1843, a son of Matheus Swan- 
sen, a native of Norway, who is now ninety 
years of age. Our subject was reared to farm 
life, and educated in the common schools of 
his native place. He came to the United 
States in 1866, and first stopped two years 
in Dane county, Wisconsin, after which he 
removed to Trempealeau county. Hespent 
the first seven years in this State in working 
on a farm during the summers and in the 
lumber woods in the winters. In the fall of 
"1873 he bejran clerking in the store of A. H. 
Kneland, in Galesville, Trempealeau county, 
and remained with him until 1876, when he 
and iiio cousin, John E. Johnson, engaged in 
the hardware business at Blair, theirs being 
the first hardware store in that place. Their 
building was destroyed by fire July 27, 1891. 
Mr. Matheson sold his interest in 1878, after 
which he owned and operated a farm two 
years, and then engaged in clerking in a 
wholesale hardware store two years at La 
Crosfe. In 1881 he went to Onalaska, Wis- 
consin, where he clerked one year, and in 
1882 came to Bangor and engaged in his 
present business. He carries a full line of 
general merchandise, having a capital stock 
of $5,500 and annual sales amounting to 
$15,000. 

Mr. Matheson was married December 19, 
1874, to Caroline Thompson, who was born 



October 16, 1848, a daughter of Thorsten 
Thompson, of Taylor, South Dakota. They 
have five children, four of whom still survive, 
namely: Laura, born August 22, 1875; Inga 
C, August 14, 1880; Mollie B., December 2, 
1883; and Thomas A.. August 1, 1886. The 
deceased, Fritchof, died at the age of five 
years. The mother died August 8, 1889. 
She was reared a Lutheran, Init at the time 
of her death was a consistent member of the 
Presbyterian Church. She was an affec- 
tionate wife and mother, and her loss is 
keenly felt by her neighbors and friends. She 
was a devoted Christian worker, and a valu- 
able member of society. Our subject also 
was reared a Lutheran, and still holds to the 
mother church. He is a member of the M. 
W. of A. 



HARLES W. MoKENZlE, a pioneer of 
the La Crosse valley, resides on section 
6, range 5 west, Bangor township. La 
Crosse county. He was born in Waltham, 
Addison county, Vermont, a son of Abraham 
McKenzie, a native of New Hampshire, but 
an early settler of this county, having located 
here in 1854. Our subject's mother, Sophia 
Brown, also a native of Vermont, was a 
daughter of the noted Phineas Brown, who 
came from Waltham, England, in an early 
day. lie was the first settler in Waltham, 
Massachusetts, and also named the place, and 
years afterward he removed to Vermont and 
established and named the Waltham of that 
State. Our subject's grandfather, Ale.xander 
McKenzie, a native of Scotland, was pressed 
aboard a British man-of-war and sent to 
America as a British soldier; but his uncle, 
John McKenzie, then second in command, 
refused to allow them to compel Alexander 
to sign the papers, and drew his sword to 




'^■V'V>"-..rx<w"u^(^' r 



-^^-^^i^^-Z-/^ii:e 



BIOGRAPBWAL HISTORY. 



189 



emphasize his assertion. The captain finally 
exempted him, putting him ashore at Boston, 
when seventeen years of age. He at once 
enlisted on board an American privateer? 
where he served three jears, and afterward 
two years on land, participating in the battle 
of Brandy wine and many others. He was a 
personal friend of President Monroe, and 
died an honored citizen of Waltham, Ver- 
mont. Onr subject's parents had nine chil- 
dren, four of whom are now living, namely: 
Sophia, now Mre. Burke; Sarah, who married 
Mr. Meader, and lives in La Crosse; and 
Belle, now Mrs. Carrigan, of Sparta, Wis- 
consin. 

Mr. McKenzie, our subject, was reared to 
farm life, and educated in the common 
schools of his native county, and also taught 
school one term in Vermont. He eam.e to 
Winnebago county, Wisconsin, in 1850, where 
he worked at the carpenter's trade tlie first 
summer, and the following winter taught 
school in Chester township, near Waupun, 
Dodge county, Wisconsin, and later taught 
two terms where Brandon now stands, in 
Fond du Lac county. In August, 1851, he 
settled on his jiresent tarni of 200 acres 
which he purchased from the State, and at 
once jiut up a log cabin and began to keep 
bach. The first night he had six Indians to 
stay with him, who were then numerous Init 
peaceable. He made rails and fenced land 
the first winter, and in the latter part of the 
same season he went to La Crosse and with 
his oxen hauled the timber for tlie first dock 
ever built in La Crosse. In the fall of 1851 
Mr. McKenzie freighted goods from Sheboy- 
gan to La Crosse, camping out at nights, 
which were made hideous by the howling of 
wolves, and the only weapons he possessed 
were an ax and a jack-knife. In April, 1852, 
he returned to Oshkosh, and worked in a saw- 
mill at that place until the spring of 1854 
11 



and was also engaged in teaching school 
during the winters. He brought his wife to 
this place in June, 1854. and, the roof being 
gone from his cabin, they lived in the wagons 
three weeks, using the old cabin for a stable. 
He hauled lumber from the Kickapoo valley, 
forty miles distant, and after reaching the 
mill the lumber was all engaged, and he 
begged permission to run the mill that night, 
and in that way secured enough lumber to 
load his wagons. He built a small frame 
house, which was the first one ever built in 
this vicinity. 

Mr. McKenzie was married in Waupiin, 
April 10, 1852, to Lydia B. Roberts, a native 
of Vermont, and daughter of Samuel Rob- 
erts, now deceased. They have three chil- 
dren: Ida, now Mrs. Dr. Newton, of Bangor; 
Emma, and Mary, now the wife of Dr. Samuel 
Jones, of Minneapolis. Mr. McKenzie was 
Town Treasurer one term, and also Superin- 
tendent of Schools two years. Socially he is 
a member of the A. O. V. W., and religi- 
ously of the Baptist Church. He attended 
the organization of the first Baptist Church 
in La Crosse valley, which occurred in Janu- 
ary, 1852, at the house of Deacon Samuel 
Smith, services being conducted Ijy Elder 
William Card, who formerly preached in 
Fond du Lac and other points. 

mEVI WITHEE, whose name has been 
'n/ff known and honored in La Crosse county 
^^' since 1853, is the descendant of sturdy 
New England ancestors. His parents were 
Zachariah and Polly (Longley) Withee, na- 
tives of Maine, the father being of Irish line- 
age, and the motiier of English extraction. 
Zachariah Withee was a farmer by occupa- 
tion, and was a leading member of the agri- 
cultural community. He was a soldier in 



190 



BIOGRAPHIOAL UTtiTORY. 



the war of 1812, and for the service rendered 
his country received a land warrant. His 
wife was one of tlie liest of women, possess- 
ing that great breadth of character which 
enabled her to befriend the distressed and 
needy, and to give companionship to those of 
high estate. For over fifty years she and 
her iuisband were members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church; lie died in 1876, at the age 
of eight}'- two years; she passed away in 1871, 
at the age of seventy-four. Levi Withee was 
born in Somerset county, Maine, October 26, 
1834, and is the fifth of a family of seven 
children, only three of whom survive. He 
received his education in his native State, and 
was reared to tlie occupation of a farmer. 
The tide of emigration was sweeping west- 
ward, and the opportunities seemed so mnch 
greater to the young and ambitious man that 
in 1853 Mr. Withee found himself in La 
Crosse, Wis/onsin, taking up the laliorions 
life of the pioneer. He secured employment 
with a lumber firm, and in 1859 was enabled 
to open a business on his own account, in 
Clark county, Wisconsin. Prosperity has 
attended his every action, and he has accu- 
mulated a handsome estate. He is one of 
the large stockholders of the Island Mill 
Lumber Company, of the Abattoir of La 
Crosse, of the Electric Light Plant, and of the 
Gas Light Company. He has for several 
years been a member of the firm of Bright & 
Withee, a logging company, and of tlie La 
Crosse Farming Company. He is a man of 
excellent business ability, of sound judgment 
and keen foresight, and unusual executive 
ability. 

Mr. Withee was married, June 3, 1868, to 
Miss Lovisa Smith, a daughter of Orano-e 
and Harriet (Ketchum) Smith, of La Crosse, 
Wisconsin. Her father was born in Franklin 
county, New York, October 11, 1800, and 
died near West Salem, Wisconsin, in 1884. 



He was a farmer and resided in Franklin 
county till 1835, when he emigrated to Cook 
county, Illinois. Later he went to Lake 
county, Illinois. In 1851 he came to La 
Crosse county, and entered a farm near 
Onalaska, which he sold in 1875, and re- 
moved to West Salem, Wisconsin, in 1876. 
He was County Commissioner for three years, 
and was Justice of the Peace at Onalaska for 
many years. He was honorable, prudent, and 
persevering in any cause he espoused, and left 
behind him an untarnished reputation. 

He was married to Harriet Ketchum, a 
native of Brooklyn county, Vermont. She 
died in Illinois, in February, 1851. His sec- 
ond marriage was to Laurina Holden, who 
was born in Vermont in 1814. Nine chil- 
dren were born of his first marriage, only 
three of whom are living: Henry, the oldest, 
lives at Grant's Pass, Oregon; Mrs. Sarah 
Smith and Mrs. Lovisa AVithee. Politically 
Mr. Smith affiliates with the Republican 
party, and takes an active interest in all enter- 
prises tending to advance the city, county and 
State. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Withee has been born 
one child, Abner, a pupil of the La Crosse 
public schools. The parents are members of 
the Universalist Church, of which Mr. Withee 
is a trustee. In his political opinions he 
adheres to the Republican party. 



lETER KIENHOLZ, Clerk of the Cir- 
cuit Court of La Crosse county, was 
■^ born in Brienz, canton of Berne, Swit- 
zerland, November 25, 1840, a son of Peter 
and Magdalena (Scliild) Ivienholz. His father, 
a carpenter by trade, emigrated to America 
in 1856, settling in Shelby township. La 
Crosse county, where he brought up a son 
and five daughters, and died August 1, 1884. 



BIOGRAPUIGAL HISTORY. 



191 



Mr. Kienholz, our subject, was reared to farm 
life, and has continued therein until the 
present, in Shelby township. He was mar- 
ried in this county, to Miss Mary Ilass, a 
native of Fomerania, Prussia, and a daughter 
of Frederick William and Henrietta (Hass) 
Hass. Mr. and Mrs. Kieidiolz have three 
sons and one daughter: John Peter, Louisa, 
William Peter and George Edwin. Mr. 
Kienholz is a member of the Jefferson Club, 
and he and his wife worship at the German 
Reformed Church. 



fE. WHEELER, president of the Ex- 
change State Bank, and proprietor of 
* the Novelty Wood Works of North La 
Crosse, has been identified with the interests 
of La Crofse county since 1879, and is de- 
serving of more than passing mention. He 
is a native of the Empire State, born in Buf- 
falo, October 10, 1850. His parents, John 
R. and Mary (Rockwell) Wheeler, came from 
the same State. The father emigrated to 
Wisconsin in 1858, and settled in Walworth 
county; he was connected with a bank there 
for three years, and then removed to Colum- 
bns. He made a trip to Colorado with his 
son, our subject, and made investments in 
sheep, cattle, in the gold and smelting works, 
and other enterprises. He came to La Crosse 
in poor health, and died here September 19, 
1881, upon the same day that President Gar- 
field passed away. His age was sixty-six 
years. His wife died in 1859, at the age of 
thirty-eight years. They were both consist- 
ent members of the Episcopal Church, and 
were people of rare culture and refinement. 
After Mr. Wheeler was forty-live years of 
age he mastered the Spanish, German and 
French languages. He began life with few 
advantages, save his own high purposes, and 



arose to a position commanding the honor 
and deepest respect of an advanced com- 
munity. Mrs. Wheeler was for many years 
a teacher in the higher grades in the schools 
of the South, and was one of the most suc- 
cessful of educators. 

J. E. Wheeler, son of the above, was edu- 
cated in Racine College, where he was a class- 
mate of Governor Merriam, of Minnesota. 
He was graduated with the honors of his 
class in 1870, and after this important event 
was engaged as teller in the bank belonging 
to his father in Columbus, Wisconsin. He 
remained there one year, and in 1871 went 
into the cattle trade in Kansas; in this 
venture he lost all he had on account of the 
prairie fires that raged that season and the 
severe winter which followed. The sheep 
business next engaged his attention in Colo- 
I'ado. There he was eminently successful, and 
in five years made as much as he had lost in 
the cattle trade. 

In 1879 he purchased a large interest in 
the First National Bank of Colorado Springs, 
but sold this in order to give his attention to 
the settlement of his father's estate; this 
business required his time for five years. In 
1888 he was elected president of the Ex- 
change State Bank, and in the fall of 1891 
was re-elected to the office. The capital 
stock of this bank is $25,000. The vice- 
president is N. B. Hoi way; cashier, H. P. 
Magill, and teller, E. B. Nelson. Mr. Wheeler 
is one of the directors of the La Crosse Wal- 
lace Carriage Works, and is the owner and 
proprietor of the Novelty Wood Works; this 
is an important industry to the city of La 
Crosse, manufacturing lumber, lath, shingles, 
sash, doors, blinds, fancy hard-woods, and ar- 
ticles in wood for patentees. 

Mr. Wheeler owns two farms, one in Colo- 
rado and one in Walworth county, Wiscon- 
sin; the former is a milk ranch, con- 



193 



DIOORAPniCAL UISTORY. 



taining 4,000 acres, and pasturing 125 cows. 
In 1874 be was joined in wedlocii to Miss 
Alice Edwards, a lady of culture and a daiigli- 
ter of J. L. Edwards, of Walworth county, 
Wisconsin. Three children have been born 
of this union: J. Kussell, Herbert E. and 
Marie Adelaide. The parents are members 
of the Episcopal Church, and occupy a lead- 
inir jjosition in social cii'cles. Mr. Wheeler 
is a man of the most correct business meth- 
ods, is courteous and affable of manner, and 
enjoys the esteem of all classes of citizens. 
He has a beautiful home, where he has sur- 
rounded his family with all the comforts that 
our present civilization sugcrests. 

fENZEL GRAMS, dealer in groceries, 
provisions, wines, liquors, etc., and 
Alderman for the Thirteenth Ward, 
La Crost-e, was born in Teschen on the Elbe, 
Austria, September 29, 1851, a son of August 
and Eleanora (John) Grams, who came to 
America in 1857, landing at ISew York 
city. Coming directly to La Crosse county, 
they settled on a farm in Greenfield town- 
ship, where the father died l^eptembcr 25, 
1865, and is buried in Mormon Coolie ceme- 
tery. Of their family four sons and one 
daughter are living: Frank, a farmer of 
Eureka, Dakota; Anna, the wife of Michael 
Knnk of La Crosse; and the three brothers, 
Wenzel, John and August, who constituted 
the firm of W. Grams & Bros., until 1886, 
when Wenzel bought the interest of his 
brothers, who later engaged in the manufact- 
ure of boilers at La Crosse. 

In November, 1867, Mrs. Grams married 
Frantz Heini-ich of Vernon county, Wiscon- 
sin, where they resided until 1875, when they 
removed to La Crosse. Mr. Beinrich died 




in September, 1879, and Mrs. Heinrich on 
September 21, 1880. 

Mr. Wenzel Grams, our subject, grew to 
manhood on a farm, leaving it September 10, 
1875, to enfrage in mercantile business at the 
present stand. In 1887 he was elected Alder- 
man for his ward, and re-elected in the spring 
of 1891. 

He was married February 22, 1879, at 
La Crosse, to Katharina Leisgang, a native of 
America and a daughter of Ji^hn and Mary 
Leisgang, natives, of Germany. They have 
one son and two daughters, namely: Camilla 
Katharina, born April 10, 1880,; Leonora 
Mary, Feliruary 7, 1882, and Alfred Wenzel, 
August 30, 1886. George August, the 
youngest child, is deceased. 

John Leisgang, the father of ISIrs. Grams, 
was born in Bavaria, April 29, 1831. He 
came to this country with his parents about 
1852, locating at Milwaukee. He was a 
shoemaker by ti-ade. 

On Dec ember 15, 1857, at Hustisford 
Wisconsin, he married Mary Kartas, who 
was born near Trior in Prussia, June 22, 
1835. She emigrated to America with her 
parents, arriving at Milwaukee October 6, 
1852. To Mr. and Mrs. Leisgang were born 
five sons and four daughters, but one died in 
infancy and one at the age of thirteen years. 
Those living are Katherina,wife of W. Grams; 
Mary; Maggie, the wife of II. Schultz; Liz- 
zie, who wedded George Egelburg, of Mil- 
waukee; John, Frank and Charley, who live 
at home with their mother in La Crosse. 
Mr. Leisgang died at his home in La Crosse, 
July 26, 1886. 



[cv O. TOLLEFSON, farmer, Barru Mills, 

Wisconsin. Although a compara- 

® lively young man Mr. Tollefson has 



BIOGBAPSIOAL HISTORY. 



193 



risen to a position in agricultural affairs in 
La Crosse county which many older in years 
and opportunities might envy, lie is the 
only son of six children born to Ole and 
Mary Halverson (Strand) Tollefson, natives 
of Norway. The parents emigrated to the 
United States in 1852 and went first to Kosh- 
koJong, Wisconsin, where they remained two 
years. In 1854 they removed to La Crosse 
county, Wisconsin, where their only son, T. 
C)., and five daughters were born. The father 
and mother and three daughters are now re- 
siding in La Crosse. One daughter is living 
in Menomonie, Dunn county, Wisconsin, 
and another in Trempealeau county of this 
State. T. O. Tollet'son attained his growth 
ill liis native county and was married in 1880 
to Miss Lisette Wege, a native of Germany 
and the daughter of Henry and Sophia Wege, 
also natives of that country. Mr. Wege died 
in Germany in 1861, at the age of tifty years; 
and his widow, with five children — Lisette, 
Minnie, Fred, Mary and Dora — came to the 
United States, settling in La Crosse county. 
She is now residing with her daughter Min- 
nie. Mary is deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Tollef- 
son's marriage resulted in the birth of three 
children: Arthur K., Orrin J. and one de- 
ceased, unnamed. They are worthy inerabers 
of the Lutheran Church of Bostwick Valley 
and liberal contributors to the same. Mr. 
Tollefson has held a number of local positions 
and has filled them in a creditable and satis- 
factory manner. He is the owner of a fine 
tarm of 230 acres, all valley land, and has it 
under a good state of cultivation. He has a 
large farm house, a stone-basement barn cap- 
able of stalling eight head of horses and forty 
head of cattle, and is one of the prominent 
stock-raisers of the townsliip, keeping a good 
grade of horses, cattle and liogs. His sur- 
roundings indicate thrifty, energetic and 
capable management. He is a public-spirited 



citizen and gives his hearty support to all 
worth}' enterprises for the advancement of 
the county. In politic* he aftiliates with the 
Republican party. 



D. GOODRICH, station agent for the 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Rail- 
' way Company, at West Salem, was 
born in Rutland county, Vermont, March 8, 
1835, and is the son of Mason and Sarah C. 
(Dana) Goodrich, natives of the " Green 
Mountain " State. The father was a black- 
smith and machinist by trade, and followed 
this occupation until 1859, when he came to 
Wisconsin and engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits in Dane county; later he removed to 
Sun Prairie, and there purchased a shop and 
resumed his trade. He died in 1869, at the 
age of sixty- three years; his wife died in 
1856; they were consistent members of the 
Congregational Church. They reared a 
family of five children, four of whom are 
still living: Henry enlisted in 1862, in Com- 
pany K, Thirty-third Wisconsin Volunteer 
Infantry, was soon afterward taken ill and 
died, at the age of twenty-two years; A. D., 
the subject of this notice, had been engaged 
in agricultural pursuits two years when he 
abandoned this work, and enlisted in the same 
company and regiment as his brother. He 
was in many of the most noted engagements 
of the war, and did valiant and faithful ser- 
vice in the cause he had espoused. He was 
on duty for three years, and in this time par- 
ticipated in sLxteeu battles: Cold Water, 
Mississippi; the siege of Vicksburg for thirty 
days; Jackson, Mississippi, for two days; 
Pleasant Hill Landing, Louisiana; Ft. De 
Russy, Louisiana; Yellow Bayou, Louisiana; 
Cane River, Louisiana; Marks ville, Louisiana; 
Tupelo, Mississippi; Old Town Creek, Louisi- 



104 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



ana; Nashville, Tennessee, two days; the siege 
of Mobile and Spaniah Fort, for fifteen days; 
Canjargo Cross Roads, Clautiervilie, Bayon 
fiofcf and Coushatte Chnte. He enlisted as 
a private, and was first promoted to the otMce 
of Orderly Sergeant, and later to the First 
Lieutenancy, a position he had filled eit^ht 
months before the close of the war. He was 
lionorably discharged August 14, 1865, but 
was mustered out of the service in July, hav- 
ing served three years to a day. He was never 
wounded or taken prisoner, and endured the 
exposure and privations fairly well. At 
Tn])elo, Mississippi, he received a sun-stroke, 
in July, 1804; this caused him considerable 
discomfort, and in consequence he now has a 
pension from the United States Government. 
After the cessation of hostilities lie returned 
to his home and took up farming, which he 
pursued until 1869. In that year he began 
working for the Chicago, Milwaukee &, St. 
Paul Railway Company, and for twenty-two 
years has been in their employ; he has been 
agent at De Forest, Windsor, Arlington, 

M and West Salem, making a record 

as an efficient, courteous and capable officer. 
As a citizen, his loyalty can never be ques- 
tioned, and he is a liberal supporter of home 
industries. 

Mr. Goodrich was united in marriage in 
1861, to Miss Lydia A. Walker, a daughter 
of Amos J. Walker, of Whiting, Vermont; 
one child was born of this union, Bessie, who 
is now the wife of Carroll Cook; Mr. and 
Mrs. Cook are the parents of one child. Mrs. 
Goodrich died in September, 1862, at the age 
of twenty-si.\ years. She and her husband 
had determined that she would bettergo to her 
parents in Vermont and remain there during 
his term of service in the army, but she was 
taken ill and died the day they had set for 
her starting on the journey. The daughter 
Bessie was then taken to her grandparents. 



and still resides in Vermont. Mr. Goodrich 
was married a second time in the fall of 1867, 
when he was united to Miss Josephine Van 
Wie, a daughter of John and Emeline Van 
Wie, of Windsor, Wisconsin. Five children 
have been born to them: Emma, Julia, who 
died at the age of ten years; Clarence, John 
and Edna. Clarence is engaged as night 
operator in his father's office. Mr. Goodrich 
is a member of the Masonic order and of the 
Union Veteran Legion of La Crosse. Politi- 
cally he affiliates with Republican Jiarty. 

W. WOOD, proprietor of one of the 
best hotels in this section of country, 
is a native of Jefferson county. New 
York, born at Watertown, September 24, 
1833. His parents were Lorenzo and Ann 
L. (Jenison) Wood, who were also natives of 
the "Empire State." The father died when 
our subject was a child of three years; the 
mother supported him and a sister, Harriet, 
until the death of the latter, in 1845; when 
L. W. was nine years of age he began to earn 
his own living, and from the time he had a 
home it was the shelter of his aged mother; 
she died at the age of sixty-eight years, 
a devout member of the Congregational 
Church, and aw'oman of rare force of character. 
In 1854 Mr. Wood removed to Wisconsin 
from New York, and embarked in the rail- 
road building which was then being begun 
by the Chicago, Milwaukee ct St. Paul Rail- 
way Company. When the road was com- 
pleted he was made a conductor and held 
that position for nine years. At the end of 
that period he resigned toengageiu the hard- 
ware business; he learned the trade of a 
tinner, but afterwards abandoned it to take 
up agriculture; he carried on farming until 
1890, and in that year built the hotel over 



BIOORAPEIGAL HISTOBT. 



195 



which he presides with great success. He 
keeps a lirst-class house in every respect; 
tliere are twenty sleeping rooms for guests, 
an office, parlor and dining rooms, all of 
which are well furnished. Mr. Wood sold 
his farm in 1890, and gives his undivided 
attention to the care and comfort, of the 
guests of the house. 

He was married in 1858, to Miss Clarissa 
D. Wyatt, a daughter of William and Clarissa 
(Dodge) Wyatt, of Erie county, Pennsylvania. 
Of this union three children have been born: 
Luther W. is the agent for the Chicago & 
Northwestern Railroad at Huron, Dakota, a 
position he has filled for twelve years; he 
married Miss Carrie Mower and they have 
three children: Burt, Gracie and Wyatt; 
Mary E. is the wife of George T. McElroy 
uf West Salem, and is the mother of two 
children: Clara and Blanche; Charles W. 
is the cashier in the office with his brother at 
Huron, Dakota. The parents of these child- 
ren are members of the Second Advent 
Church. Mr. Wood belongs to the Masonic 
fraternity, and in his political opinions ad- 
heres to the principles of the Prohibition 
party. He and his wife have proven their 
ability and qualificatione to fill the position 
of host and hostess in their popular hostelry; 
they have a constantly increasing patronage, 
a fact which shows the appreciation of the 
traveling public. 

William Wyatt, father of Mrs. Wood, was 
born at West Point, New York, and was a 
tanner by trade; he carried on this business 
in Pennsylvania and New York, and after- 
ward engaged in mercantile pursuits. Later 
in life he removed to Stevens' Point, and 
there acted as Notary Public and land agent. 
He was born March 26, 1802, and died 
March 8, 1864; his wife was born in the 
State of New York, January 15, 1812, and 



died April 29, 1837. They reared a family 
of four children: Mary E., John H., William 
E. and Mrs. L. W. Wood. 



fK. JOHNSON, the subject of the fol- 
lowing biographical sketch, occupies a 
* position in the commercial circles of 
La Crosse county which entitles him to more 
than a passing metition in this history. He 
is a native of Norway, born February 14, 
1856, and is a son of Johannes Mikkelson 
and Maliue (Tiioreson) KoUostueri, also Nor- 
wegians by birth. The mother is an honored 
resident of this county, living with her 
oldest daughter at Onalaska. The father 
died January 1, 1889, at the age of seventy- 
six years. J. K. Johnson is the ninth of a 
family of ten children, eight of whom are 
living. He received his education in the 
common schools and at Atwell's Business 
College, La Crosse, being a graduate there in 
1872. His first business undertaking was as 
a clerk in North La Crosse, where he was 
employed by the firm of Tarbox & Son. The 
following year he taught school at New 
Amsterdam, La Crosse county, and although 
this was an entirely new vocation, he suc- 
ceeded remarkably well. He did not follow 
the profession any length of time, but re- 
sumed clerking, accepting a position with G. 
H. Leet; at the end of six months, however, 
he agreed to teach one term of school at 
Holland, Wisconsin. When this was finished 
he returned to West Salem, and was em- 
ployed as a clerk in the general store of E. 
Johnson, who was postmaster of the place. 
In the spring of 1879 he purchased a half 
interest in the store in which he had been 
employed, the firm name being changed to 
E. Johnson & Co. This relationship existed 
until April, 1881, when E. Johnson sold his 



l'J6 



BIOORAPUICAL UISTORY. 



interest to L. Larson, and tlie firm name be- 
came Jolmson iV; Larson (see sketcli cf L. 
Larson.) Tliis is the leading general mer- 
cantile tirin of the place; they do a heavy 
business, and have a continnally increasing 
trade. The snccess of Mr. Johnson is not 
due to chance, but to the tact that he has 
made the most of his opportunities. Being 
endowed with superior business qualiiications, 
he has persevered in all his undertakings 
until his efforts have been crowned with 
8;;cces8. 

lie was appointed Postmaster by President 
Hayes, and tilled the ofHce four years with 
credit tt) himself and with entire satisfaction 
to the public. Before his appointment he 
had served as Deputy Postmaster for six or 
seven years, and was familiar with every de- 
tail of tlie business. 

Mr. Johnson was united in marriage, .Inly 
6, 1881, to Miss Nettie Larson, a daughter of 
Christian Larson, one of the oldest settlers 
of the La Crosse valley and a highly respected 
citizen. Four children have been born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Johnson: Charles J., Guy M., 
Harrison and Morton, the last two being 
twins; Morton died in 1888, aged live 
months. The parents are members of the 
Norwegian Lutheran Church. In his politi- 
cal opinions our subject adheres to tlip prin- 
ciples of the Republican party. He is a man 
of that type which gives character to a com- 
munity, one whom any county may be proud 
to own as a citizen. 

■ " ^^|^'>^^^■»'-— — 



fC. HEWITT, proprietor of the largest 
livery, feed and sale stable of West 
* Salem, was born in Canada East, Aug- 
ust 7, 1840, and is a son of James and Ellen 
(Barton) Hewitt, natives of Canada, the for- 
mer being of English, and the latter of Scotch 



extraction. Tiie father was engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits in Canada, and in 1N5(> came 
to the United States and settled on a farm in 
La Crosse C'luuty, Wisconsin. He conducted 
this business with rare judgment, and accom- 
plished results that reflected great credit not 
only upon himself but also upon the pursuit 
of agriculture. He died in 1873, at the age 
of seventy years; his wife lived until 1889, 
aged eighty-two years; they were both con- 
sistent members of the Second Advent Church. 
Their family consisted ot eight children, seven 
of whom are living. J. C, the subject of 
this notice, remained under the parental roof 
until he was twentv-four years of age. He 
had learned the blacksmith's trade, which he 
followed a number of years previous to em- 
barking in the business of tilling the soil. 
He purchased a farm of 160 acres, and still 
owns 140 acres; this land lies in Burns 
township, is well improved, and excellently 
adapted to the raising of live-stock. Mr. 
Hewitt has some very fine Jersey cattle, and 
has been very successful in his efforts to ele- 
vate the standard of all classes of stock raised 
•in the community. 

In 1867 he was united in marriage to Miss 
Fidelia, a daughter of George and Lavica 
(Whitcomb) Levitt; four children were born 
of this union: Jennie B., wife of J. Smith; 
Minnie, wife of Edwin Lovell; George, who 
is assisting his father in his present business; 
and Charles J., a teacher in the public schools 
of tiie county. The mother of these children 
died February 13, 1881; she was a consistent 
member of the Second Advent Church, and 
was a devoted M'ife and mother. Mr. Hewitt 
was married a second time in 1882, to Mrs. 
Eliza Robinson; Jesse Robinson, her son by 
her first marriatre, has been a member of our 
subject's family since he was three years of 
age; he is now a student in the public schools 
and is a promising lad; his mother died De- 




■Sw/'i 



"V h^^OKtmrnKr 




^^^^-J^L^ /I'/^^h-l^^,^-;^ 



BIOORAPIIWAL HISTORY. 



ly? 



cember 25, 1883, at tlie age of tliirty-three 
years; she was a worthy ineniber of the Pres- 
byterian Chnrcl). The third marriage of Mr. 
Hewitt was to Mrs. Viola Wilbur, nee Bnn- 
day, July 3, 1884; she has one daughter, 
Gracie. the wife of W. Quiggle, of Mindoro, 
La Crosse county. 

Mr. Hewitt enlisted in 1861 as a member 
of Company B, Second Wisconsin Cavalry. 
In May, 1862, he was severely injured by a 
ki<-k from a horse, which necessitated his 
discharge. In the fall of 1862 he re-enlisted in 
Company I, Eighth Wisconsin Volunteer In- 
fantry, and participated in the engagement 
at Nashville and Spanish Fort, and some 
minor battles and skirmishes. He received 
his final discharge at Madison, Wisconsin. 
He is now drawing a pension from the Gov- 
ernment in recognition of his services. He 
is a member of tlie G. A. R. Post. Politi- 
cally he supports the principles of tlie Pro- 
hibition party, but before ho espoused this 
cause he voted the Republican ticket. He 
and his M'ife belong to the Second Advent 
Church at Burns, and he is a deacon of the 
society. He is a man of the highest princi- 
ples, of the most correct business methods, 
and is wortliy of the esteem in which he is 
held. 



' 1 >< 1 ' % *- 



fAMES VINCENT, one of tlie most re- 
spected citizens of La Crosse county, 
Wisconsin, has been identified with the 
lumber interests of this section since 1854, 
and has largely aided in the development of 
this mammoth enterprise of the State. He 
was born at Half Moon, Saratoga county. 
New York, October 16, 1825, and is a ^n of 
Stephen Vincent, a native of the same place. 
His grandfather, Jeremiah Vincent, served 
seven years in the war of the Revolution, 
being Captain of a military company; he 



died at the age of ninety-six years; his sec- 
ond wife, Mary Vincent, the mother of 
Stephen Vincent, died some years later, at 
the age of ninety- four years. The subject of 
this biography is the second in a family of 
six children. In his youth he went out to 
service on a farm, receiving $8 per month; 
like many another lad of that day, he had few 
educational advantages, and at the age of six- 
teen years he went to learn the carpenter's 
trade; three years later he went to Lansing- 
bnrg. New York, to work as a journeyman. 

During the California gold-fever of 1849 
he started to the Pacific coast. Arriving 
in San Francisco in October, 1849, he was 
ofPered $11 and two rations per day to work 
at his trade for the Government, but this he 
declined. When he reached Stockton he was 
offered an ounce of gold, or $16, per day to 
work at carpentering, and this he accepted. 
At the end of one week he discovered that 
he could do much better by going into busi- 
ness for himself; so he went to work on his 
own account. It was at this time he had the 
pleasure of voting at the arst election in Cal- 
ifornia, the question at issue being the free- 
dom of tlie State; and it was about this 
time, also, that tlie Vigilance Committee was 
appointed. 

In the fall of 1850 Mr. Vincent left Stock- 
ton for the mines, and had been there but 
six weeks when he heard of the serious ill- 
ness of his wife, and that she wished him to 
return home; the same day he sold his claim, 
took his blanket with a box of gold-dust the 
next morning and started on foot over a 
lonely trail to the nearest ranch, a distance 
of forty miles; he reached this place the 
evening of the same day, foot-sore and weary. 
Upon his arrival at his home in New York 
he found his family much improved in 
health. 

Early in the '50s he started on his second 



198 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



trip with a friend, Sylvanns Sayles, for Cali- 
fornia; Mr. Sayles was a companion of his 
boyliood, and it was his proposition that tliey 
go to California and engage in contracting 
and bridge-building; they carried out this 
plan, and were very successful. After an 
absence of eighteen months they returned to 
Lansingbnrg, New York, greatly gratified 
with their trip. Mr. Vincent was elected 
Alderman soon after coming home, the term 
being three years, but he resigned the office 
in the spring of 1855, upon his removal to 
Wisconsin. In the fall of 1854 he came to 
La Crosse, and was so much impressed with 
the place and its possible future that he re- 
moved his family and his parents the follow- 
ing spring. Soon after his arrival he com- 
menced building his residence, and engaged 
in the lumber business. 

In 1858 he formed a partnership with Mr. 
George Edwards, and for some years did a 
large business in buying wheat and pork. 
In the fall of 1860, Mr. Vincent, with his 
usual business sagacity, observing the low 
price of lumber and the small quantity in 
stock throughout the country, suggested that 
they invest in this commodity. Mr. Edwards 
remarked, "Why, what are you going to do 
with lumber? Yon cannot give it away." 
Mr. Vincent replied, "That is just the reason 
we should buy now. There is no stock in 
the market, and prices must advance." They 
carried on the wheat and lumber business 
for two yeart^, when they gave up the grain 
trade, and instead added to their lumber 
business that of loggino;. In 1875 Mr. Vin- 
cent became sole proprietor, and in 1880 he 
took his son Eugene into partnership in the 
lumber-yard. This partnership continued 
until the death of the son, since which time 
Mr. Vincent has continued the business, 
under the firm name of James Vincent & 



Son, and is also interested in several of the 
leading enterprises of the city. 

He has been twice married. April 28, 
1846, at Lansingburg, New York, he 
wedded Miss Eliza M. Cole; she died Janu- 
ary 7, 1882. There were three children by 
this union: James Piatt, who died in 
November, 1865; Eugene, whose death 
occurred in November, 1884; and Cordell 
M., the wife of F. B. Seymour, of Green Bay, 
Wisconsin. At Chicago, Illinois, January 
31, 1884, Mr. Vincent was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Agnes McKillip, a daughter 
of Hugh McKillip, of La Crosse. They are 
the parents of one child, Agnes. 

By industry and strict economy he has 
been eminently successful in the acquisition 
of wealth, and at his pleasant home on Cass 
street is surrounded by all the comforts that 
make life worth living. 

~»- "| ' 2 i ' S ' l" -^ 



fW. IIANNEY. — In recording the an- 
nals of any comnumity there are always 
' a few characters that stand pre-eminent 
among the worthy pioneers, men possessed of 
many virtues that have had their influence in 
moulding and shaping the destinies of the 
coming generations. It is these men who 
readily find place in history, whose career 
it is a pleasure to review. Such a man is J. 
W. Kanney, an old and respected farmer of 
La Crosse county. He was born in Oneida 
county. New York, January 3, 1812, and is a 
son of Eli and Eveline (Parmley) Banney, 
natives of Massachusetts and New York re- 
spectively. The father was a farmer, and in 
1853 he removed to Des Moines county, Iowa, 
where he settled on a tract of land which he 
cultivated until the time of his death at the 
age of seventy-one years; his wife died in 
1835 at the age of thirty-four years. There 



BIOGRAPHICAL BISTORT. 



199 



were five cliildren of this marriage: J. "W., 
the subject of tliis brief biography; Nancy 
J., wife of H. G. Minor; Herman, who mar- 
ried Miss Smith; Levica, wife of Clinton 
Brand, and Julius, who married Miss Milks. 
Eli Ranney was married a second time to 
Miss L. Whitmore, and four children were 
born to them. 

J. W. Ranney began life upon his own re- 
sponsibility at the age of eighteen years. He 
taught school for four or five winters in the 
primitive schoolhonse of "ye olden times" 
and was quite successful. He worked at the 
carpenter's trade in the summer season, and 
also operated a sawmill. His marriage oc- 
curred in the State of New York to Miss 
Elizabeth Quackenbush, a daughter of John 
Quackenbush and one of a family of eleven 
children. Mr. Ranney was engaged in tlie 
milling business for several years after his 
marriage, and in 1854 emigrated to Wiscon- 
sin, settling on the farm where he now 
resides. He owns 200 acres of as tine land 
as lies within the borders of the State of 
Wisconsin, and is surrounded with all the 
improvements and modern appliances for 
carrying on husbandry in the most profitable 
manner. His barn is large and conveniently 
arranged, and the sheds for the protection of 
live-stock are of the same substantial charac- 
ter. Mr. Ranney is numbered among the 
most progressive and successful fanners of 
the county, and his opinion on all agricultural 
questions is given due weight. 

Politically he is identified with the Re- 
publican party. He has filled all the minor 
oiBces of the township, and the people of the 
county have testified to their confidence in 
his ability and judgment by electing him to 
the State Senate. He discharged his duties 
with that fidelity which has ever marked his 
every action, and reflected great credit not on 
himself alone but also upon his constituency. 



Mr. and Mrs. Ranney are the parents of 
six children: Clara M. died at the age of 
twenty-four years; Cassius M. is assisting 
his father on the farm; Edwin H. was killed 
while attempting to board a train February 
25, 1876, aged si.xteen years; Mary L. died 
at the age of twenty-one years; Minnie, twin 
sister to Mary L., died at the age of six 
months, and Jay W. The mother passed 
from this life in 1881, aged fifty-four years. 
She was a member of the Congregational 
Church, and was a devout Christian, a faithful 
wife and a loving mother. 

Abner Ranney, grandfather of our subject, 
lived to be one hundred years and six months 
old! He was a soldier in the war of 1812, 
and died in Oneida county, New York. 

fB. SMITH. — No name is more promi- 
nent in agricultural circles in La 
® Crosse county than that of the gentle- 
man whose name appears at the head of this 
brief biographical sketch. He is a native of 
the State of New York, born in Oneida 
county, August 21, 1835. His parents, 
Robert and Margaret (Green) Smith, were 
also born in the •' Empire State," but emi- 
o-rated with their family to Wisconsin, and 
settled near Oconomowoc; there they lived 
until 1851, and then went to La Crosse 
county, where they were among the earliest 
settlers; they endured many privations and 
hardships, but being possessed of those ster- 
ling traits characteristic of the pioneer they 
overcame all obstacles, and aided in securing 
to the coming generations one of the finest 
farminff communities in the Union. The 
father followed agriculture all his life, and 
after coming to the county purchased 200 
acres of choice land, on which he lived until 
his death in 1888; his age was seventy-seven 



200 



BlOGliAPUICAL UISTORr. 



years; his wife died in 1879 while siie was 
visiting a daughter in Kansas. They liad a 
family of four children : F. B., the subject of 
this notice; Anna E., deceased; Nettie, de- 
ceased, and Lavern, who was murdered in 
California, being shot from his horse while 
riding over the Sierra Nevada mountains; 
the murderer was caught, and hung after a 
trial by jury. 

Mr. Smith grew up amid the wild scenes 
of the frontier, and was early inured to the 
hard labor of the farm. In 1860 he began 
cultivating the tract of land on which he now 
lives, which he had purchased from his father 
lie set about twenty acres to hops, and this 
proved a most profitable industry; from four 
acres he took in two years $13,000 worth of 
hops. He now owns 600 acres of land, nicely 
located in the La Crosse valley; the soil is fer- 
tile, and produces everything that grows in 
this latitude. He has erected a commodious 
house, large and convenient barns, and has 
furnished his place with all tlie modern ap- 
pliances of farming. The land is wel- 
watered by natural streams and is well sup 
plied artificially by means of a windmill 
and pipes. His largest crop for 1891 was 
oats, of which grain he threshed 5,000 bush- 
els; he has fifty-four acres in corn, and equally 
as much land in hay. He is known as a pro- 
gressive farmer, and his success is the result 
of wise management and industry. 

Politically Mr. Smith affiliates with the 
Kepublicau party. He was elected chairman 
of the Town Board, a position he has held 
for twelve years, and which he has sIiowti 
himself well fitted to occupy. He was elected 
a member of the building committee of the 
La Crosse Insane Asylum, and after the hos- 
pital was completed he was appointed a 
trustee for three years by the County Board; 
at the expiration of his term he was re-elected 
for another term of three years. He was 



chairman of the building committee of the 
La Crosse county jail, a structure which cost 
over 850,000. 

He also takes a great interest in hlooded 
stock, of which he has fome tine specimens 
on his farm; he has a trotting stallion which 
has a record of 2:25, which also took second 
money in a free-for-all race at Black River 
Falls; he has a herd numbering about si,\ty 
head of Shropshire slieep, and eighty head of 
hogs, of a superior grade. 

Mr. Smith was married in 1866 to Miss 
Celestia Best, a daughter of William Best of 
La Crosse county, and to them have been 
born six children: Millie, wife of Howard 
Cronk; Walter, Burt, Stella, Pearl, and 
Winnie. Mrs. Smith is a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. The family stand liigh 
in the community, occupying an enviable 
position in social and financial circles. 

fA. L. BRADFIELD, M. D., specialist 
of the eye, ear, nose and throat, is 
" ranked among the leading practitioners 
of La Crosse, a position that has been ac- 
corded him through his own merit. He is a 
native of the State of Ohio, born in Colum- 
biana county, at East Fairfield, February 3, 
1861. His parents, G. W. and Saline (Beck) 
Bradfield, were natives of the same county; 
the father was a farmer by occupation, and in 
1863 he removed to Crawford county, Illi- 
nois, where he engaged in the raising of live- 
stock for six years; thence he went to Clay 
county, Illinois, where he resumed agricult- 
ural pursuits, which he continued to the 
time of his death in 1879; he was forty-four 
years old. He held various local offices where 
he resided, was well and favorably known and 
universally respected. He was a member of 
the Disciple Church from his youth, and 



BIOGRAPHICAL BISTORT. 



201 



lived the religion he profes.'^ed ; his wife is 
also a consistent member of the same chnrch. 
After the death of her husband she lived for 
four years on the farm, and then removed to 
Eureka, Illinois, where slie opened a milli- 
nery store. She was born February 3, 1835, 
and to herlmd hei' lamented husband were 
born eijrht children, seven of whom are 
living: Sophronia J. is the wife of Milton 
Slack, of Washington; Louella married A. E. 
McKnight, of Chicago, Illinois; the Doctor 
is the third in order of birth; Kate C. is the 
wife of Ira Gulp, a bookkeeper in the em- 
ploy of the Armour Packing Company; W. 
G. is principal of the public schools of 
Georgetown, Illinois; Ruth A. is assisting 
her mother in the millinery business; Hattie 
A. is still in school, and is now a student at 
Eureka College; the fifth child, a son, died 
in infancy. 

Dr. Bradfield remained oti the farm four 
years after his father's death, and then entered 
the Eureka College, where he remained two 
years; for the next two years he was a suc- 
cessful teacher in the public schools of Wood- 
ford county, Illinois; vacations and all other 
time which could be spared from school duties 
were devoted to study in his chosen profession. 
Having determined upon the medical pro 
fession as his life work, in the spring of 1884 
he began his study of the science under the 
direction of Dr. L. A. Feriy, of Eureka, Illi- 
nois. He remained with this physician two 
years and then entered the College of Physi- 
cians and Surgeons, Chicago, from which he 
was graduated with the class of 1888. Im- 
mediately following this event he wont to 
Loyal, Wisconsin, where he opened an office 
and began practice; for two and a half years 
he remained in this place, and met with very 
gratifying success. Ambitious to e.xcel in his 
profession, lie returned to Chicago for the 
purpose of taking a special course in the 



study of the diseases and treatment of the 
eye, ear, nose and throat. After he had com- 
pleted this work he came to La Crosse, in 
1891, and opened his office at 323 Main 
street; he has done a very satisfactory busi- 
ness, having made a reputation as a skillful, 
conscientious physician, 

Dr. Bradfield was married November 1, 
1888, to Miss Frona A. Castner, a daughter 
of John and Lydia Castner. John Castner 
was a pioneer of the State of Wisconsin, 
although a native of Ohio; he has traded 
with the Indians on Black river, and can tell 
many a thrilling experience he has had with 
the red men. He is now a resident of Clark 
county, Wisconsin, and is engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits. His wife's maiden name 
was Lydia Mack; she is a native of the Do- 
minion of Canada, and came to Wisconsin in 
her girlhood. They have had born to them 
nine children, two of whom died in infancy: 
Mary is the wife of Ernest Boyer, and the 
mother of three children, Pearl, Ruby and 
Delbert; George married Miss Lilian Nutting, 
and they have two children, Cora and John; 
Mrs. Bradfield is the third born; Albert and 
Alfred are twins, the former a farmer and the 
latter a teacher of wide experience and excel- 
lent reputation; Bina is the wife of William 
Dutclier and the mother of one child, Royce; 
Daniel is still at home. Mrs. Bradfield was 
educated in the public schools, and at the age 
of sixteen years began teaching; she was suc- 
cessful in her chosen field of labor, and in 
order to fit herself better for the work she 
had undertaken she entered the River Falls 
Normal School, from which she was graduated 
in 1886. She taught in tlie La Crosse pub- 
lic schools for one year, fully sustaining her 
reputation as one of the best educators in the 
county. The year the Doctor was in college 
in Chicago she spent in an art school, study- 
ing painting and crayon work; she also has 



202 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



a consi(leral)le talent for music, ami has made 
advanced progress in its study. Tlie Doctor 
and his wife are both worthy members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Cinirch, and are among 
tile tnost highly esteemed members of social 
circles in La Crosse. 



•C- '"S - | '— 




ILLIAM K. SPARLING, an old and 

highly respected citizen of La Crosse 
county, has been a resident of the 
State of Wisconsin since 1846. He was born 
in Tioo-a county, New York, in 1825, and is 
a son of Peter and Lydia (Rose) Sparling, 
natives of New Jersey; they were reared on 
the banks of the Delaware river, were mar- 
ried in their native State, and came to New 
York shortly after this event. The father 
was a farmer by occupation, and pursued this 
calliiicf with rare intelligence. Ele died in 
Tioga county, New York, in 1849, at the age 
of sixty-five years; his wife died in 1837; 
tiiey had born to them a family of eight chil- 
drcii, six of whom are now living. At the 
age of sixteen years William R. Sparling 
entered upon the responsibilities of life. He 
learned the tradeof a blacksmith in New York 
State, and then came west to Columbia 
county, Wisconsin, in 1846; for ten years he 
followed this calling quite successfully, and 
then came to La Crosse county, locating four 
miles from the present site of West Salem ; 
there ho conducted a farm and blacksmith's 
shop until 1866, when he removed to West 
Salem, settling in the house he now occupies. 
He owns 100 acres of land, which he has 
rented; the principal products are grain and 
fruit, and to the cultivation of the latter he 
has given especial attention. The improve- 
ments of this farm are of a most substantial 
character, the brick residence being erected 
at a cost of $3,000; water is carried by a sys- 



tem of pipes to all the buildings. Three 
acres of another tract of nine acres are set to 
tobacco; this industry is not a large one, but 
is conducted to prove the possibility of rais- 
ing tobacco with profit in this latitude. 

Mr. Sparling was married September 24, 
1851, to Miss Cornelia Young, of Fall R.ver, 
Wisconsin, a daughter of Thomas Young, of 
Saratoga, New York. Four children iiave 
been born of this union: Will.e died at the 
age of five years, and Bertie, when six months 
old; Fayette K. married Edith Roby, and 
they have one child, Neal; they reside on a 
farm in Bangor township; Adella, wife of 
Frank H. Nye, lives on a farm in Hamilton 
township, and has two children, Mark and 
Pattie I'elle. Mrs. Sparkling departed this 
life April 16, 1891, at the age of sixtv-four 
years. She was for many years a member of 
the Baptist Church and was a devout Chris- 
tian; she was a fond and faithful wife, and an 
indulgent mother. 

During all the years of his residence in 
La Crosse county, Mr. Sparling has been al- 
lied with those movements which have tended 
to develop the best resources of both the 
county and State, and he is numbered among 
the first citizens of West Salem. 



|EV. FATHER J. E. PRUCHA, pastor 

of St. Wenceslans' Bohemian Catliolic 
Church, Winnebago street. La ('rosse, 
Wisconsin, is the su])ject of the following 
biographical sketch. He was born in New 
York City December 22, 1865, and in his 
youth was a student at the Jesuit Sixteenth 
Street College; later he took a classical course 
at St. Vincent's Benedictine Abbey, Latrobe, 
Peimsylvauia. His philosophical and theo- 
logical training was received at St. Francis' 
Seminary, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. After he 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



203 



had finished the course of the latter institu- 
tion, he was sent by Bisliop Flasch to his 
present pastorate. Here he has cliarge of a 
large congregation of Bohemians, whom he 
addresses in their native tongue. Something 
over 150 families are communicants of the 
church. Tiie present building, capable of 
accommodating 350 people, is found inade- 
quate, so that a new and larger edifice is in 
contemplation. A parochial school is con- 
ducted under the general superintendence of 
Father Frucha; the building, containing 
three rooms, stands adjacent to the church; 
three teachers, one lay teacher and two Fran- 
ciscan Sisters are employed in giving instruc- 
tion to the children; the Bohemian language 
is taught half an honr each day, and in the 
highest grade Bohemian grammar is taught 
twice a week; the rudimentary studies are 
taught in the English language. 

A pleasant home, a good library and refined 
surroundings relieve the isolation from the 
world. Father Prucha is a young man of 
fine literary attainments, and is deeply de- 
voted to the duties of his calling. 

The church was erected in 1873 by Rev. 
Leo Snchy, at the present time a residei;t of 
Milwaukee; the structure cost a little more 
than $9,000; the lots were donated by Brother 
Bernard. The first religious services were 
held in a small chapel, which is a part of the 
present sanctuary. The following clergymen 
have been in charye of this congregation since 
the present edifice was erected: P'ather Leo 
Suchy came in 1873; Father G. W. Weid- 
lich, in 1875; Father Fideles Bannwarth, in 
1876, who died suddenly November 3, 1877; 
Father Alois Heller was next in charge, re- 
tnaining four months; Father Augustine 
Lang came in the same year; he died in New 
Tork in 1885; Father Alois J. Blaschke 
cam(! in 1881, and Father Prncha August 3, 
1888. 



The societies of the church are: St. Wen- 
ceslaus, which has a membership of about 
eighty, and a capital of $2,000; Unit'ormed 
Bohemian Knights of St. George, member- 
ship, fifty; St. John's Society, the society of 
the old men of the congregation, numbers 
twenty members; and the Young Men's 
Society, with thirty-five members. The ladies 
of the church have four societies, and there 
is a dramatic society open to both sexes. 
Under Father Prucha's ministrations the in- 
terest of the congregation has been greatly 
extended, and the spii'itual condition elevated. 
The various societies are made up of enthusi- 
astic workers, and the ontlook is most favor- 
able. 



fOHN WACKER is an American citizen 
by adoption, his native land being Switz- 
erland. He was born October 14, 1833, 
and is a son of George and P)arbara (Schlat- 
ter) Wacker, who spent their lives in their 
own country. The father was a miller by 
trade, and, as was the custom in that time, 
also kept a tavern. He was a quiet, unpre- 
tentious man, always attending closely to his 
own affairs. He was burn in 1792, and died 
at the age of fifty four years; his wife died at 
the age of sixty-four years. Of the family 
there are five living in America and three 
still reside in the old country. It was in 
1851 that John Wacker emigrated to the 
United States, settling in Alma, Wisconsin, 
at that time called ''the Twelve Mile Bluff." 
In 1852, with Mathias Hummer, he made a 
claim of a piece of land on which Buffalo 
City now stands; the following year they 
surrendered the claim, but if they had held it 
a few months longer they would have realized 
from it $1,500. It was purchased by a Cin- 
cinnati company. Victor Probst, John C. 
Wacker and Josepli Berni were the most 



204 



BIOORAPIIICAL niSTORY. 



prominent settlers tliere at that time. Mr. 
Wacker remained in tlie neiglihorliood of 
"Twelve Mile Blntf" for two year.s and tlien 
spent a year among relatives; later he was 
employed at Mount Vernon and Galena. It 
was about this time that he determined to 
harn the blacksmith's trade, but unfortu- 
nately he was taken with a severe illness and 
was thus compelled to abandon the plan. He 
then secured such light employment as he 
could. From 1856 to 1861 he owned and 
ran the restaurant and bar of a Mississippi 
steamer; and in 1861 he engaged in his 
present business, which he has carried on 
since that time. 

Mr. Wacker is one of tlie oldest settlers of 
the county, and prominent as a pioneer. He 
was Alderman of the city for six years, and 
rendered most efficient service in this capac- 
ity'. He has ever been a liberal supporter of 
those enterprises tending to advance the in- 
terests of the city, and has been true to the 
confidence reposed in him by her citizens. 

He was married in 1869 to Miss Mary 
Beekel, a daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth 
(Frank) Beekel, an old citizen of La Crosse, 
who died at the age of seventy-two years; his 
wife was about fifty years of age when she 
died. Mrs. Wacker is the oldest of a family 
of nine childi-en, eight of whom are living. 
Upon emigrating to this country from Ger- 
manyin 1845 her parents settled near Dayton, 
Ohio; the father made a trip to Wisconsin, 
and tinally removed his family to La Oosse 
county, settling in Shelby township. He was 
a man of sterling traits of character and ex- 
cellent business qualifications. For twenty- 
five years he was Postmaster of Shelby, and 
was numbered among her leading citizens. 
Mr. and Mr?. Wacker are the parents of five 
children: Louisa C, born May 29, 1870; 
Olga, born January 20, 1872; John W., born 
September 28, 1873; Cora E., born June 23. 



1875, and Arthur F., born September 4, 1889. 
Mr. Wacker is a member of the L O. O. F., 
Inning passed all the chairs of that order. 
He takes an intei'est in the political questions 
of the day, and votes with the Democratic 
party. 



N. BORRESEN, Vice-President of the 
State Bank of La Oosse, Wisconsin, 
^^^ is a recognized authority on banking 
and finance, is a shrewd and practical man of 
business, and is a vigorous exponent of sound 
commercial principles. All the facilities 
consistent with sound and conservative bank- 
ing are extended to customers, and this hank 
is a factor fully appreciated in sustaining the 
high reputation La Crosse has acquired as a 
business center. Mr. Borresen was born in 
Lille-hammer, Norway, January 21, 1847, to 
B. H. and Elizabeth Borresen, the former of 
whom died in 1876, when sixty-nine years of 
age, and the latter still living in Christiania, 
Norway, at the age of seventy-nine years. E. 
N. Borresen is one of their twelve children, 
and the youngest of four brothers who came 
to America, which land he reached in 1868. 
Carl came in 1870, Peter in 1872, and Henry 
from Paris, in 1887. They all now reside in 
La Crosse. Mr. Borresen was first a clerk in 
a clothing store of T. D. Servis, in La Crosse, 
and bis next move was to join the Batavian 
Bank as bookkeeper, which position he re- 
tained for nine years. In 1879 J. M. Holley 
and Mr. Borresen engaged in the banking 
business for themselves, under the firm name 
of Holley & Borresen, and the previous ex- 
perience they had gained now stood them in 
good stead, for Mr. Holley had been teller in 
the Bataviiin Bank for nine years. In 1883 
they organized the State Bank of La Crosse, 
and Mr. Borresen has held the position of 



BfOGRAi'HIOAL HISTORT. 



205 



vice-president ever since. The capital of this 
concern is $50,000, with $25,000 snrplns and 
undivided profits. Tiie president is D. D. 
McMillan, and J. M. IloUey is cashier. 
These gentlemen are widely and favorably 
known capitalists, possess the soundest 
judgment, and have had a wide range of 
practical experience. They are thoroughly 
conservative in their methods, and the 
success of their bank is as substantial as 
it is well merited. Mi'. Borresen deserves 
much credit for the success which has at- 
tended liis efforts, for upon coming to this 
country he had but little means and was un- 
acquainted with the English language. His 
own pluck and perseverance have carried him 
safely over many difiicultie#, and he is now 
sailing on a prosperous sea with the wind and 
tide in his favor. 

In 1871 he was married to Miss Nettie 
Ranberg, daughter of E. Kanberg, and in 
time a family of three children gathered 
about their hearthstone: Hildali, Fred and 
Willie. Mr. and Mrs. Borresen are members 
of the Norwegian Lutheran Church. 



If^ON. NIRAN H. WITHEE, deceased.— 
The life record of him whose name ap- 
pears above has been one of more than 
usual interest, and his career was of such 
benefit and wielded such a wide influence 
over the people, not only of La Crosse but 
also the surrounding counties, that a sketch 
of his career will convey some idea of his 
usefulness in the different walks of life. He 
was born in Norridgewock, Maine, June 21, 
1827, to Zachariah and Polly (Longly) Withee, 
who were also born in the " Pine Tree State," 
the father of Irish and the mother of Encrlish 
extraction. Zachariah Withee was born in 
Norridgewock, Maine, March 21, 1794, and 

15 



was a leading agriculturist of the section in 
which he resided, a soldier in the war of 1812, 
and for services rendered the Government in 
that capacity he received a land warrant. His 
wife was one of the noblest of women and 
possessed that breadth of character which en- 
abled her to befriend the distressed and needy 
as well as to feel perfectly at ease in the pres- 
ence of learned and highly cultured people. 
For over fifty years she and her husband 
were members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and in that faith they were called 
from life. He died in La Crosse, Wisconsin, 
June 6, 1875. His wife, also born in Nor- 
ridgewock, September 28, 1791, died in La 
Crosse, May 2-1, 1871. 

Mr. Niran H. Withee, one of the seven 
children of the above, was given the rudi- 
ments of an academic education. 

When the tide of emigration swept west- 
ward, Mr. Withee embraced the opportunity 
then afforded of being one of the pioneers 
of La Crosse county, Wisconsin, and in 1852 
settled in this region, with the commercial 
interests of which he thoroughly identified 
himself, and eventually became one of the 
most successful business men and extensive 
land-owners of the count}'. Soon after his 
arrival he embarked in the lumber business, 
and his operations in that line became so ex- 
tensive that in 1870 he removeed to Clark 
county. From 1857, however, he was closely 
identified with the logging interests of the 
Black river counti-y in La Crosse county, and 
he was a prominent figure in all the progres- 
sive business movements in the Black river 
valley in the lumber and flooding-dam com- 
panies, and was scarcely ever without heavy 
official responsibility of some kind. He did 
much to shape the policy and manage the 
affairs of Clark county, and was its Treas- 
urer from 1875 until his brother Hiram 
succeeded him in 1882. He represented that 



ao6 



BIOORAl'IIICAL HISTORY. 



county in the General Assembly of the State 
two terms, where his ahility as an able 
leader was felt and acknowledged ; his great 
integrity and uprightness of character won 
for him the honor of his contemporaries, 
and his clear, analytical and well-poised 
mind and quick perception brought him 
into immediate recognition. His activity 
and keen business foresiglit led him into 
many important enterprises which liave been 
of permanent benefit to the community, and 
his generous impulses won him numerous 
friends, whom he rarely lost. 

At Hemlock he owned a large grist and 
saw mill. He was connected with the loading 
lumber firms of the city and was the moving 
spirit in the Island Mill Company of La 
Crosse. Soon after his removal to Clark 
county he was elected a member of the Board 
of Supervisors, during which time the best in- 
terests of an appreciative constituency were 
well looked after. His manly character and 
true worth inspired confidence, and a faith- 
ful performance' of duty secured its con- 
tinuance. He was modest in his estimate of 
himself, never forced himself upon public 
attention, and only filled public positions at 
the earnest solicitation of his numerous 
friends. He was diligent in business, amassed 
a large fortiine, and gave freely to all benev- 
olent enterprises. 

He was married to Mrs. Louisa (Wood) 
Stratton, widow of Avery Stratton, of New 
York, and danghterof Colonel Artemas Wood, 
of New Berlin, Chenango county. New York, 
the latter being a Colonel in the State Militia. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Withee the following 
children were born: Niran Haskell, William 
Wood; Theodore Owen, and two who died in 
infancy. Mr. Withee was a Republican in 
politics. In social life he was highly 
esteemed for his cordial and agreeable man- 
ners, and in the domestic circle he was a 



model husband and father, loved his family 
with extreme devotion, and made their hap- 
piness and comfort his chief aim and object 
in life. He never violated a friendship nor 
forgot a kind action done him, and although 
charitable" in his deeds he was one of those 
who would that "the left hand should not 
know what the right hand doeth." He de- 
parted this life July 2, 1887, at the age of 
sixty years and eleven days. 



-^^x/rnjb- 



-■z:r^- 



l/ln^^ 



IjEV. RICHARD SIEGLER is the reg- 
^ ularly ordained minister of the Evan- 
;elical Lutheran Church, of Barre 
township, and for the past eight years he has 
been laboring in the vineyard of his Master. 
He was born in Wollin, East Prussia, but at 
the age of two years was brought by his par- 
ents to America. His father, Charles Siegler, 
came to this country in 1864, and settled in 
Watertown, Wisconsin, where he made his 
home until his death, which occurred in 1873, 
at the age of fifty-live years. The wife of 
the latter, Wilhelmina Benke, died in 1886, 
at the age of sixty two years, having borne 
her husband seven children, si.\ of whom are 
still living: Albert, the eldest, is a minister 
of the gospel, stationed at Two Rivers, Wis- 
consin, where he has been for the past four 
years. Rev. Richard Siegler received his 
classical education in the Northwestern Uni- 
versity at Watertown, Wisconsin, completing 
the regular course of seven years, and graduat- 
ing with the class of 1881. He then entered 
theTiieolocrical Seminary at Milwaukee, where 
he completed his theological studies in 1883, 
occupying a pulpit a portion of the time 
while attending this institution. October 28, 
of the same year he was ordained for the 
ministry at Ellington, Outagamie county, 
Wisconsin. After having tilled the pulpit in 



BfOGRAPHIGAL HISTORY. 



207 



that place successfully for two and a half 
years, he was called to his present pastorate 
of St. John's Lutheran Church, where he has 
been since 1886. His work here covers a 
period of six years, and his long continuance 
in the work for the same church evinces the 
high esteem and the valuable services ren- 
dered by him during that time. His congre- 
gation at first embraced ninety families, but 
it now numbers more than 150, showing a 
splendid increase of over ten per cent, 
annually. Since entering upon his duties a 
new church has been erected, which in archi- 
tecture, furnishings and surroundings, would 
be a credit to any city. The cost of the 
church, including pipe organ, was $10,000. 
The building is pleasantly located on a natural 
building site about the center of Bost 
wick valley. The school connected with this 
church, costing $1,300, was built in 1890, and 
has a seating capacity of about 100, and has 
increased in about the same proportion as 
the church. Rev. Siegler is a member of 
the Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Wiscon- 
sin. He possesses a good library of stand- 
ard theological and classical works. He has 
proven the right man in the right place and 
his efforts have been rewarded in the love and 
respect, not only of his own immediate con- 
gregation but also of all who know him. 

fOHN M. FINN", a retired contractor and 
one of the old and substantial citizens of 
La Crosse, was born in county Sligo, Ire- 
land, in 1838, a son of Patrick, a native of 
the county of Mayo, and Elizabeth (Roland) 
Finn, a native of the county of Sligo, in the 
Emerald Isle; there they lived and died, the 
mother in 1841, and the father in 1848. 
They had a family of seven children, three of 
whom are now living: Mary, the widow of 



Peter Collins, is now living in La Crosse with 
her two sons, James and John; Patrick, the 
older brother, is living in Monroe count}', 
Wisconsin, and John M. is the subject of 
this notice. He attended school in his native 
country until the death of his father, when 
he went to England; there he was thrown 
upon his own responsibilities, but valuing a 
good education he went to school as much as 
possible until he was eighteen years of age. 
By that time he had saved enough money to 
pay his passage to America, so he bade fare- 
well to the British Isles and crossed the sea 
to the United States. When he reached New 
York, however, his funds were exhausted: so 
he sought employment at once. He secured 
a position in a store and worked there for 
one year, when he pushed his way further 
westward, reaching Janesville, AVisconsin, in 
1856. He was hired by the railroad com- 
pany then running a line through this point, 
and soon he began taking small contracts on 
other roads, enlarging the contracts as his 
means increased. This he followed until 
1870, when he went to work on the Pitts- 
burgh, Ft. Wayne & Chicago Railroad. The 
contracts taken on this road were vei-y profit- 
able, but he was defrauded by a dishonest 
partner. In 1873 he removed to La Crosse, 
and there he has since made his home. He 
has taken occasional contracts of railroad and 
other work. Afterwards for three years he 
was engaged in the tea trade, having the 
agency of an Eastern houSe — importers from 
China and Japan. 

Mr. Finn was united in marriage, in 1862, 
in La Crosse, to Miss Ellen Barry, a daugh- 
ter of Edmond and Johanna (Barry) Barry, 
natives of Ireland, but for many years resi- 
dents of Monroe county, Wisconsin. Her 
father died in 1886, and her mother in 1889. 
Mr. and Mrs. Finn are the parents of thirteen 
children, four of whom are deceased: Patrick 



208 



BIOGRAPniCAL HfsrOR )'. 



married Miss Mary Clare; Jolin married 
Miss Sarah Matthews, of Dalcota; Helen is 
the wife of Henry Lowell; James, Hannah, 
Mary, Catherine and Agnes. Tiie family are 
all devout meniliers of the lioman Catholic 
Church. 

- ^ • 2"t - g' — ~ 



J. LEMON, passenger conductor on 
tiie (Miicago, Burlington «& Northern 
* liaili-oad, was horn in the State of 
Pennsylvania, a son of Kohert and Mary E. 
(Gilliam) Lemon, the father also a native of 
Pennsylvania, and the mother of Virginia. 
Tiie parents removed to St. Louis, Missouri, 
when T. J. was an infant. The father was a 
steamboat carpenter, and followed thiscf.lling 
twenty-tive years on the boats running up the 
Mississippi, Missouri and Arkansas rivers. 
lie was in the river transportation depart- 
ment during the war, from 1S61 to 1865. 
He died January 3, 1885, at the age of si.\ty- 
eight years; the mother pas.'^ed away Febru- 
ary 26, 1879, aged lifty-seven years, Both 
were devout members of the Congregational 
(!hurcli. Our subject received his education 
in the public schools of St. Louis, graduating 
from the high school. Then, following his 
father's inclinations and tastes, he passed ten 
years on the steamboats, the first two years, 
as a clerk, and eight years as a pilot. In 
1871 he left the river for the railroad, 
securing a position with tiie Missouri Pacific, 
and was conductor for nine years. He next 
went to the Chicago & Alton Railroad, and 
was in the employ of this company as con- 
ductor for eight years. He ran a way freight 
on the Fort Scott & Gulf road about six 
months, and in 1886 went to work for the 
Chicago, Burlington & Northern Company 
in the capacity of conductor, a position which 
he still holds. He has been most faithful 



and conscientious in the discharge of his 
duties, and has won the entire confidence of 
the railroad officials with whom l.ie has been 
connected. 

Mr. Lemon was married October 9, 1865, 
to Miss Irene E. Jacobs, a daughter of Cap- 
tain J. M. and Mary D. Jacobs, of St. Louis. 
Of this union six children have been liorn: 
Mary I)., the wife of T. M. Wamsby, of De 
Soto, Missouri, and a conductor on the St. 
Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern Railway; 
they have three children; Nellie G. married 
Charles A. Burger, engineer on the Chicago 
& Alton Railroad; Reginald T. resides in 
Colorado on a ranch; Harry Brent is a 
student at Waylaud University, Beaver Dam, 
Wisconsin; Edgar is at home, a pirpil in the 
La Crosse schools. The parents were be- 
reaved by the death of their oldest son, who 
passed from this life in 1867, at the age of 
one year. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lemon are devout members 
of the Baptist Church Mr. Lemon is one of 
the directors of the Y. M. C. A., and is an 
active member of the same, accomplishing 
much good among the railroad men. Politi- 
cally he adheres to the principles of the 
Democratic party. 

l||f||ILLIAM E. JONES resides in one of 
" 1/ \/| tl'C most lieautiful and productive 
T^:J^\ sections in the State of Wisconsin, 
the La Crosse valley, and is numbered among 
the advanced agriculturists of the community. 
He is a native of Wales, born May 20, 1838, 
and is a son of Evan and Mary Jones, who 
were also of Welsh birth. The father is a 
fanner by occupation; in 18-11 he emigrated 
from Wales and settled on a farm in Canada, 
where he lived for eight years. He then 
came to Wisconsin and located on a farm near 



BIOGRAPHIUAL IIlSTOItr. 



209 



Bangor, in La Crosse county. lie has a tract 
of 300 acres, which has been brought to a high 
state of cultivation, and in accomplishing 
this he experienced all the privations and 
hardships of the frontier. He is now eighty- 
seven years old. His wife died in Wales in 
1842. They had a family of five children: 
William E.,the subject of this notice; David, 
who died at the age of forty years; John, a 
resident of Bangor, Wisconsin; Morgan, who 
lives in Dakota, and one child that died in 
Wales. 

William E. Jones remained under the pa- 
rental roof until he was twenty-five years of 
age, and then started out in life for himself; 
he engaged in agricultural pursuits, but did 
not locate on the farm which is now his home 
until 1862; he owns 160 acres of choice land, 
his residence being one mile east of West 
Salem; it is pleasantly situated, commanding 
a tine view of the valley, and presenting an 
attractive appearance from the railroad and 
the public highway. The barns and sheds 
are substantially built, and the entire place 
wears an air of thrift and prosperity. 

In 1861 Mr. Jones was united in marriage 
to Miss Mary Francis, a daughter of Daniel 
and Hannah Francis. They have two chil- 
dren living, Hannah and Hattie; the former 
is staying at home, and the latter ib one of 
the teachers of the county, and has made an 
enviable reputation in the profession. The 
father and mother are members of the Con- 
gregational Church. In his political opinions 
Mr. Jones adheres to the principles of the 
Republican party. 

Daniel and Hannah Francis had born to- 
them ten children, seven of whom are living: 
Evan, Mrs. Jones, James, Rachel, now Mrs. 
McEldowney, Daniel, David, and Ruth, the 
wife of Harry Raymond. Daniel Francis, 
the father, died February 22, 1888, aged 
eighty-one years. He belonged to the Bap- 



tist Church, and for many years was a deacon. 
His wife is still living, and is an honored 
resident of West 8alem; she has attained the 
advanced age of eighty- two years. 

HARLES WEINGARTEN,oneof the 
promising young business men of La 
Crosse county, resides in West Salem, 
where he is engaged in the jewelry trade. 
He was born in this county January 27, 1868, 
and is a son of Christopher and Dora (llem- 
ker) Weingarten, natives of Germany. The 
father was a farmer by occupation and was a 
man of rare intelligence; he came to America 
shortly after the close of the civil war and 
settled on a farm in this county; he rented 
land for a time and then purchased a tract of 
120 acres in Hamilton township, which he 
improved and sold. He had learned the 
butcher's trade in Hanover, and after coming 
to the United States he and his two elder 
sons carried on the business to some extent. 
His death occurred in August, 1889, at the 
age of sixty-one years; his wife died in May, 
1879, aged fifty years. They reared a family 
of eight children: Fred married Miss Cora 
Whitney; Dora is the wife of Dudrick Es- 
miller and the mother of one daughter, 
Lillie; Herman married Miss Mary Sandman, 
and they have one child; Charles is the sub- 
ject of this notice; Emma died at the age of 
nineteen years; Ida is the wife of J. H. My- 
ers; Louis and Lillie are the younger mem- 
bers. In his political opinions the father was 
a Democrat. Mr. and Mrs. Weingarten be- 
long to that most worthy class of Germans 
who have emigrated to this country, leaving 
home and friends and native land for the 
sake of giving their children those opportu- 
nities in the world which the Old World does 
not afford. They have overcome many ob- 



210 



DWGHAI'UICAL UISTORY. 



Stack's and riclily deserve the confidence and 
esteem in which they were held. Tiiey were 
botii members of the Lutheran Ciiurch. 

Charles, son of the above, received his 
education in the common schools of Hamilton 
township and high school of West Salem. 
In March, 1891, he purchased the stock of 
jewelry of George U. Viets, whom he also 
succeeded as express agent at West Salem. 
He is a young man of j^ood business qualifi- 
cations, and his outlook is auspicious. In 
the capacity of express agent lie has given 
excellent satisfaction, and with diligence and 
perseverance he is sure to win snccess. 

^ARVEY r>. LAFLIN, M. D., is a lead- 
ing member of the medical profession 
in La Crosse county, Wisconsin, where 
he has resided since 1873. He was born in 
Chautauqua county, New York, July 27, 
1834, and is a son of Eliakim and Almira 
(Grover) LaHin; the father was born in Dux- 
bury, Massachusetts, in 1800, and the mother 
in Springfield, Pennsylvania, in 1805; soon 
after their marriage they located in New 
York, where they had born to them three 
sons and two daughtei's: Lark E., foreman of 
the cotton factory at Milan, Illinois, and Mrs. 
Cordelia Melvin, widow of Joseph Melvin, 
with our subject, are the only surviving 
members. 

Dr. Laflin received his education in the 
State of New York, and at Rock Island, Illi- 
nois. When he began his professional study. 
he entered Bennett Medical College, from 
which he was graduated in 1873; this school 
is located in Chicago, and is one of the lead- 
ing Eclectic institutions of the country. Im- 
mediately after his graduation he removed to 
La Crosse and engaged in practice; he has 



met with more than ordinary success, and has 
more than realized his expectations. 

February 6, 1859, the Doctor was married 
to Miss Jennie B. Baldwin at Yorktown, 
Illinois. Mrs. Laflin was born at Bennington, 
Vermont, July 31, 1838, and is a daughter of 
Jacob and Teres Baldwin, also natives of the 
Green Mountain State. No children have 
been born to Dr. Laflin and wife, but they 
had one adopted daughter, Nellie; she mar- 
ried J. A. Raymond, and died at the age of 
thirty years. 

Our worthy subject is a member of the 
Eclectic State Medical Society and of the 
National Medical Society; he has served as 
Rresident of tiie State Medical Society two 
or three terms, and has been Vice-President 
and Corresponding S6cretary of the National 
Society. lie is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity, belonging to Frontier Lodge, No. 
45, A. F. & A. M.; to Smith Chapter, No. 
13, R. A. M., and to La Crosse Commandry, 
No. 9, K. T. ; he is also a member of the 
A. (). U. W., and of the Knights of Honor; 
he belongs to the La Crosse Board of Trade, 
and is devoted to the interests of home enter- 
prises. He and Mrs. Laflin are consistent 
members of the Universalist Church. 






fOSlAH L. PETTliNGILL, engaged in 
the real-estate, loans, abstract and insur- 
ance business. La Crosse, Wisconsin, was 
born in Chenango county. New York, No- 
vember 10, 1840, and is a son of Alonzo and 
Lucy (Davis) Pettingill, who were also na- 
tives of Chenango county. They emigrated 
to Wisconsin in 1850 and located at Lewis 
Valley, La Crosse county, where the mother 
died in 1878; the father now resides with his 
son in La Crosse, in his eighty-ninth year; 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



2U 



previous to his comincp to Wisconsin, he and 
his family had resided two years at Flushing, 
Flint eoutity, Michigan. He and his wife 
had a family of four sons and two daughters: 
Luther, deceased; Jay, John A., Joshua, de- 
ceased; Martha I., wife of John L. Mathew- 
son; and Eliza, deceased, wife of Fitz J. 
Arnold. 

Josiali L. attended the public schools 
of New York, Michigan, and Wisconsin. 
November 19, 1861, he was united in 
marriage to Miss E. Antoinette Kenrick, a 
native of the State of New York. Mrs. Pet- 
tingill came with her parents to Wisconsin 
at the age of live years; her father, John 
Kenrick, was born in London, England, and 
her mother was a native of Glens Falls, New 
York. J'ol lowing his marriage, Mr. Pettin- 
gill engaged in farming near Lewis Valley, 
which he continued until 1872. In the fall 
of 1871, he was elected to the office of County 
Clerk of La Crosse county, and removed to 
the county seat previous to taking charge of 
the office January 1, 1872. He was re-elected 
to the office until he had filled the position 
for a period of eleven years. Prior to his 
election to the county office, he had served as 
Clerk of Farmington township for six years. 
He was elected chairman of the Township 
Board, by virtue of which office he became a 
member of the County Board of Supervisors. 
Subsequently he was elected chairman of the 
County Board, and continued a member of 
this body until his election to the office of 
County Clerk. At the end of his eleven 
years' service as County Clerk, he opened his 
present business, which he has conducted 
successfnlly since 1883. He does a general 
real-estate, loan, abstract, and insurance busi- 
ness; he owns a full set of abstract books of 
the county, which he keeps down to date; in 
insurance he represents the most responsible 
companies of the country. 



Mr. Pettiujill affiliates with the Republi- 
can party, although in 1885, he had the dis 
tinction of being chosen City Assessor of La 
Crosse by a Democratic council. He has 
been chairman of the Republican County 
Committee, and was returned to the Board 
of Supervisors since leaving the clerk's office, 
serving two years as its chairman. He is a 
member of the La Crosse Board of Trade. 

Mr. and Mrs. Pettingill are the parents of 
five children : Charles A., who holds a respon- 
sible position in St. Paul; Claud K., who 
graduated from the La Crosse high school at 
the age of eighteen years, is now in the same 
office with his brother; Maude A., and Grace 
E., who are students of the ])ublic school, and 
Johnnie, who died at the age of eighteen 
months. 

— ~^" | * s >' ;-|" "^ — 



^ENRY E. WEST, secretary of the La 
Crosse City Railway, was born in 
Waterbury, Washington county, Ver- 
mont, March 17, 1840, and is a son of Jona- 
than P. and Louisa (Bacon) West, who were 
also natives of the Green Mountain State. 
The father was a farmer by occupation, and 
was a man whom every one honored and re- 
spected. He died in Lamoille county, Ver- 
mont, in February, 1872; the mother still 
survives and resides in La Crosse. There 
were two sons and three daughters in the 
family: Justin P., Henry E., the subject of 
this notice; Helen, deceased, the wife of 
George S. Gates; Emma, widow of Richard 
Trenwith; Anna, the wife of H. L. Holmes, 
a banker and stock-raiser of North Dakota. 
Henry E. grew to manhood in his native 
State, and received his education in the com- 
mon schools and the academy at Morrisville. 
October 28, 1861, he enlisted in Company E, 
Second Regiment Berdan's Sharpshooters, 



213 



BIOGRAPniCAL U I STORY . 



and went to Waehiiigton city, where he re- 
mained until Marcli 22, 1802, when he was 
discliarged on account of disability. He re- 
turned to his home and worked on the farm 
for a time, and again offered his services to 
the Government, hut was rejected. In 1863 
he went to Chicago and was employed as 
conductor on the street railway of that city, 
which position he held until he secured a 
place witii a jewelry firm as bookkeeper. At 
the end of twelve months he returned to Ver- 
mont, where he remained three years. His 
experience in the great city of Illinois had 
not been altogether unpleasant, and the 
memory of it remained with him, so that he 
tiiiallj went back and entered the office of the 
Michigan Southern & Northern Indiana 
Kailway. This line was consolidated with 
the Lake Shore &. Erie, and the office was re- 
moved to Cleveland, Ohio; Mr. West also 
went to that city and held a position in the 
general office until October, 1873, when he 
accepted a position with the Southern Min- 
nesota Railrcad, and removed to Wells, Min- 
nesota. This road was absorbed by the Chi- 
cago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Hailroad in 1879, 
when he went to I\Iilwaukee and was in the 
Auditor's office al)out one year; he then re- 
signed his position and came to La Crosse. 
Here he was tirst employed as bookkeeper in 
the office of W. W. Cargill & Ero., grain 
dealers, and held the position seven years. 
At the end of that time he resigned on ac- 
count of ill health, and returned to Wells, 
Minnesota, where he jiurchased a hardware 
store. His physician ol)jected to this occu- 
pation for him, so he sold out and returned 
with his family to La Crosse. The two years 
following he was not actively engaged in any 
business, and in February, 1890, he was in- 
stalled as secretary of the La Crosse Street 
Railway, a position he now holds. 

Mr. West was married December 24, 1877, 



to Miss Ettie McMillan, a daughter of Jolui 
McMillan, deceased, who was a jjioneer lum- 
berman of the city of La Crosse. To Mr. 
and Mrs. West has been born one child, 
Mary Louise, whose birthday was January 8, 
1885. Mr. West is a memi)er of the Knights 
of Honor and of the M. W. of A. 

Politically he affiliates with the Republican 
part^' and is an ardent supporter of the issues 
of tiiat body. His position as secretary of 
the street railway is one of great responsihil- 
icy, and he has proven by a long career that 
he is worthy of the contidence reposed in 
him. Mrs. West is a member of the Presby- 
terian Church. 



fOSEPH BOSCHERT, Registrar of Deeds, 
La Crosse couiity, Wisconsin, was born 
in Greenfield township, this county, Jan- 
uary 9, 1858, and is the eldest of three chil- 
dren of Gregory and Anna (Tausche) Bo- 
schert. His parents located in Greenfield 
township in 1855, being among the earliest 
settlers in La Crosse county. The father was 
elected Supervisor of the township in 1857, 
and served in that office for many years. As 
the result of industry and frugality he had a 
line estate. Of his three children, Helen and 
Andrew are unmarried and reside at home 
with their parents. Joseph spent his youth 
in those occupations which usually fall to a 
farmer's son, and during the winter season 
he attended school. In 1877 he began teach- 
ing, and followed this profession for six 
months of the year until 1884, when he came 
to La Crosse. He served as clerk of Green- 
field township in 1881-'82-'83. He invested 
in real estate in La Crosse, and in the fall of 
1884 he erected a business building at the 
corner of Fifth and Jay streets; there he em- 
barked in the mercantile trade, having formed 



BlOORAPniOAL HISTORY. 



313 



a partnership with E. J. Tansche, the firm 
being Eoschert & Tausche. This relationsliip 
existed until November, 1885, when Mr. 
Boschert withdrew, having been appointed 
Deputy Coliector of Internal Revenue, First 
Division of the Sixth District of Wisconsin. 
In July, 1887. the Second and Sixth Revenue 
Districts were consolidated, and Mr. Boschert 
was appointed Deputy Collector; this division 
comprises nine counties, including La Crosse 
county. Bj a change of administration, June 
30, 1889, Mr. Holmes succeeded Mr. Bo- 
schert. 

August 7, 1889, our subject bought out 
his former partner and re-embarked in the 
mercantile trade at his old stand, continuing 
there until January 1, 1891, when he sold 
out with a view to taking charge of his 
present office, to whicli he had been elected 
in the fall of 1890. This is a responsible 
and profitable position, the term being two 
years, and the work requiring two clerks be- 
sides the principal. 

Mr. Boschert owns considerable valuable 
real estate in La Crosse, including several 
lots, a residence and three business buildings. 
September 8, 1885, he was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Mary McConville, a native of 
La Crosse county, born in the town of Barre, 
February 14, 1860. Her father was a iiative 
of Ireland, and her mother was born in Ohio. 
The mother died in Septerader, 1889, and the 
father is a resident of La Crosse. They 
reared the following named children: Rose, 
Hugh A., Hannah C, Dennis J., Curran, 
John and Mary; Margaret and Emmett are 
deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Boschert are the 
parents of three children: Rose M., born 
June 28, 1886; Annie L., i)orn February 27. 
1888; and John J., born December 24, 1889. 
Mr. Boschert is a member of the La Crosse 
Board of Trade, and belongs to the Jefferson 
Club. Fie and his wife are both members of I 



St. Mary's Catholic Church, and he belongs 
to St. Boniface Benevolent Society. Pre- 
vious to her marriage Mrs. Boschert was a 
teacher in the public schools of La Crosse 
county. She first taught in the district 
school, and was afterwards appointed a 
teacher in the city schools. 



►4»-»l-« 



EORGE EDWARDS.— In recording the 
history of any country, the growth and 
development of a community may 
always be traced to a few sturdy souls who 
gave not grudgingly, but with their whole 
hearts, the best oft'orts of their lives to carry- 
ing civilization to the frontier, and establish- 
ing those occupations which distinguish the 
progressive man from the untutored savage. 
It is to these men the highest honor is due, 
and it is their names that lead in the bio- 
graphical portion of the country's annals. 
Such a man was George Edwards, a retired 
lumberman of La Crosse, residing on the 
corner of Sixth and Vine streets. He was 
born at Windsor, Broome county. New York, 
December 1. 1818, and is a son of Joseph 
and Abigail (Buel) Edwards, natives of the 
State of New York. The father was born 
April 16, 1791, and died in July, 1853; he 
was reared in Broome county, New York, on 
the Susquehanna river. A family of six sons 
were born to them, four of whom were born 
in Broome county: the two youngest were 
born in Chenango county, to wdiich place the 
family moved about the year 1822. Their 
names are: Simon B., Francis F., Edward F., 
Daniel C, deceased; Loren J., deceased, and 
George, the subject of this biographical 
sketch, who was the third-born. The mother 
was born in 1789, and died in 1868. The 
parents were both consistcTit members of the 
Baptist Church for many years. Ebenezer 



214 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



Edwards, tlie paternal grandfather, was a 
lumberman on the Delaware river. 

At the age of nineteen years George 
Edwards went to Lodi Plains, Michigan, 
where he spent one summer working by the 
montii. In the fall of 1838 he tied his ward- 
robe up in a red bandana handkerchief and 
made a tour of the Great Lakes, his object 
being to investigate the resources of the 
frontier country, he arrived in Wisconsin 
just before the land sales, found tiie people 
poor and the crops a failure. In spite of all 
the discouragements he located at Troy, 
Walworth county, and hired to Augustus 
Smith to split rails at $12 per month. The 
profit of ills services was in proportion to the 
bill of fare furnished by his employer, rather 
meager. In the spring of 1839 he purchased 
100 acres of land, and determined to double 
it within three years. He saved his earnings, 
bought the land, and built a shanty, and also 
bought a yoke of oxen. He was then ready to 
cultivate his own land, but soon after he was 
taken with inflammatory rlieumatism; he was 
alone in his shanty at the tinie, but fortun- 
ately was soon discovered and taken to the 
home of his brother, who resided in East 
Troy. He was ill through the entire sum- 
mer, and came near passing to the silent 
beyond. It was during this illness that he 
sold his land for $1,000. After his recovery 
he opened a grocery store in East Troy, Wis- 
consin. While engaged in this business he 
returned to New York, and August 25, 1847, 
he was united in marriage to Miss Electa 
Edwards, a daughter of William and Lodama 
(Smith) Edwards, honored residents of 
Broome county, New York. He carried on 
the grocery trade until his health failed, 
when he spent a winter in Texas; in the 
spring he returned to East Troy, and in 1853 
he came to La Crosse county and purchased 
320 acres of land near West Salem; in 1854 



he came to the city of La Crosse, made some 
purchases of town lots, and moved his family 
to the place in 1855. He formed a partner- 
ship with B. P. Hart in the hardware busi- 
ness, and they conducted a successful trade 
until 1859, when the store and stock went 
up in flames. This enterprising firm was 
not long in recoverinjj from the conflagration, 
and carried on business three years after the 
lire. 

It was at this time that Mr. Edwards era- 
barked in the lumber and wheat business, in 
which enterprises he has been more than 
ordinarily successful. He is a man of ex- 
cellent business ability, keen foresight and 
sound judgment. He has for many years 
taken a leading place in the commercial cir- 
cles of La Crosse county, and no man stands 
higher in the estimation of the people. He 
was Mayor of La Crosse for one term, but 
declined re-election, as his private business 
required his undivided attention. He was 
also Alderman for several terms, and in his 
official capacity used every effort to advance 
the interests of the city. 

Mr. Edwards has been a wide traveler, 
having visited every State and Territory in 
the Union, Cuba, the Bermudas, and old 
Mexico. He now has in contemplation a 
six-months trip to the Gulf of Mexico. He 
and his wife have had born to them four 
children: Georgia F., wife of William W. 
Tayloj-, and the mother of two children; 
George E. and Bessie A.; Emma L., wife of 
W. Ernest Polleys; she was the mother of 
one child, Irene E.; her death occurred June 
11, 1891; she was a woman of great benevo- 
lence, tender-hearted, and the friend of the 
unfortunate everywhere; Minnie A., the wife 
of Joseph M. Parsons; the youngest child, 
Gracie M., died of diphtheria at the age of 
ten years. The mother of these children 
died March 20, 1876; she was born April 6, 



BIOORAPHIGAL HISTORY. 



215 



1822, and was one of a family of nine chil- 
dren, only one of whom survives. She was a 
woman of many rare traits, .and greatly ad- 
mired by a wide circle of friends. Mr. 
Edwards is a member of the 1. O. O. F., and 
has passed all the chairs of the order. 

Ijj^IIILLir McGONNELL, one of the 
leading agriculturists of La Crosse 
county, was born in Wayne county, In- 
diana, September 20, 1838, and is a son of 
David and Catherine (Hineman) McConnell, 
natives of Pennsylvania. The father was a 
wheelwright by trade, but devoted the latter 
years of his life to farming. He removed 
with his family from Indiana to Ashtabula 
county, Ohio, in 1839, and thence to Wal- 
worth county, Wisconsin, in 1843. In 1852 
they came to Farmington, La Crosse county, 
where they experienced many of the priva- 
tions of frontier life. Mr. McConnell entered 
land, and purchased some that had already 
been improved. He died in 1860, at the age 
of sixty-six years; his wife died in 1871, at 
the age of seventy-seven years. Both were 
worthy members of the Presbyterian Church. 
They had a family of ten children, five of 
whom are living. Phillip McConnell began 
business for himself by teaching school when 
the system was yet in a primitive slate. He 
followed this calling for three years, and then 
embarked in the mercantile and milling 
business, at the same time conducting the 
cultivation of a farm. He afterwards dis- 
posed of his commercial interests, and for 
many years gave his entire attention to agri- 
culture. He made some investments in grain, 
and lumber and live-stock, but withdrew his 
money from these enterprises and went back 
to farming. He is numbered among the 
largest and most successful agriculturists, and 



the stock he has put on the market has been 
of the best grade. He owns two large farms 
at the present time, located one-half mile 
east of the West Salem railroad station. His 
residence is pleasantly situated on a natural 
building site, overlooking the wide and fertile 
valley and affording a beautiful view of the 
hills beyond; the building is frame and is 
large and conveniently arranged; the barns 
and sheds for the live-stock are substantial, 
and the whole place has an air of thrift and 
prosperity. Mr. McConnell is proi^ressive in 
his viev?s, and lends a generous support to 
those enterprises which tend to the up-build- 
ing of the community. He has been Treasurer 
of the town, discharging his duties with rare 
fidelity. Politically he is identified with the 
Republican party. 

His marriage, which occurred January 1, 
1862, was to Miss Margaret E. Van Ness, a 
daughter of John Van Ness, a well-known 
citizen of West Salem. To Mr. and Mrs. 
McConnell have been born four children: 
John E , an attorney of La Crosse; Myrtie 
M., one of the teachers of the county who is 
now attending the Normal School at Osh- 
kosh, Wisconsin; Carl P., a member of the 
senior class of the West Salem High School, 
and Wesley G. The father and mother are 
members of the Presbyterian Church. 



LEXANDER JOHNSON is numbered 
among the intelligent, enterprising, and 
^ successful men of West Salem. He is 
a native of the Dominion of Canada, born 
June 25, 1859, and is a son of Johannes 
Mikkelson and Maline Thoreson, natives of 
Norway. The father was a farmer by occu- 
pation, and followed that calling after coming 
to this country. He emigrated to America 
with his family in 1859, and settled nea' 



216 



BIOORAPUIGAL HISTORY. 



Fanniiigton, La Crosse county; at the end of 
two years he sold out and removed to Hol- 
land, Wisconsin. He was horn April 4, 1813, 
and died Deceinher 30, 1888. His wife was 
horn January 3, 1816, and died November 
26, 1891. They had eleven children, eight 
of whom are living; there were six sons and 
five daughters. 

Alexander Johnson was educated in the 
common schools of Wisconsin, and also took 
a course in the La Crosse Business College. 
At the age of twenty-two years he embarked 
in business on his own account, opening a 
drug store in West Salem, and does a thriving 
business. 

In 1889 he was appointed Postmaster of 
West Salem, and has given good satisfaction 
in his official position. He is an ardent Re- 
pul)lican, and always gives a zealous support 
to the movements of that body. 

Mr. Johnson was married, June 5, 1883, to 
Miss Anna K. Gudmundson, a native of Nor- 
way, and a daughter of Hans and Bolette 
Gudmundson, highly respected residents of 
La Crosse valley. To Mr. and Mrs. Johnson 
have been born four children: James H., 
Melvin B., Abbie J., and Alexander A. The 
parents are members of the Norwegian Lu- 
theran Chutch, and occupy an enviable po- 
sition among the prosperous citizens of La 
Crosse county. 

||Sjfef ILLIAM A. IMHOFF is one of the 
'l\/:\ji; enterprising citizens of La Crosse, 
1—^j^ and is the proprietor of a prosperous 
business. He was born at Higaland, Iowa 
county, Wisconsin, April 22, I860, and is a 
son of Anton and Christine (Borichter) Im- 
hofF, natives of Germany. Both the father 
and mother were born in Hanover, and the 
former was a carpenter by trade. His early 



youtli was spent in his own country, but be- 
lieving the opportunities greater in America, 
he crossed the Atlantic and took up his resi- 
dence in the United States. He located at 
Highland, Iowa, and during the latter part 
of his life followed farming. The mother of 
our subject came to America in her girlhood. 
They reared a family of two sons and live 
daughters, William A. Imhoff being the 
sixth-born ciiild. He passed his youth in 
Highland, and at the age of nineteen years 
began to learn the harness-maker's trade at 
Muscoda, Wisconsin. He completed his ap- 
prenticeship there, and in 1880 came to La 
Crosse, where he has since conducted a suc- 
cessful business. He manufactures all kinds 
of harness and saddles, and has established 
a substantial trade. 

Mr. Imhoff was married to Miss Theresa 
Schilling, a daughter of Rudolf and Johanna 
Schilling, natives of Germany. They have 
had born to them one son and two daughters: 
Idel, Emma, and William A., Jr. The par- 
ents are members of St. Joseph's Roman 
Catholic Church. Mr. Imhoff belongs to St. 
Boniface's Society, to the Casino, and to the 
La Crosse Diocesan Life Insurance Com- 
pany. He has built and improved some city 
property, owns a pleasant residence on State 
street and a good business block on Tliird 
street. He is a stockholder of the Inter-State 
Fair Association, and takes an active interest 
in those enterprises which are of public 
benefit. He is a citizen in every way worthy 
of the country he has adopted. 



•°* "^^ * S"! ' iJ 

ICHAEL KRATCHIVIL, manufac- 
turing confectioner. La Crosse, Wis- 
consin, is a native of Germany, born 
March 17, 1854, a son of Frank and Theresa 
(Kohlae) Kratchivil. His parents bade fare- 




BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



217 



well to the "Fatherland" in 1854, crossed 
the sea and took up their residence in a 
strange country among a strange jjeople. 
They settled in Washington township, Mil- 
waukee county, Wisconsin, about twelve 
miles from the city of Milwaukee. Michael 
was an infant when he was brought to this 
country, and here received his education. 
He learned his trade in Milwaukee and Chi- 
cago, and afterwards worked as a journeyman 
in many of the large cities in this coiintrj'. 

In 1881 he came to La Crosse and estab- 
lished himself in the candy-manufacturing 
business in a small way. The excellence of 
his goods soon created a good demand, and 
by faithfully sustaining the high standard he 
has built up a trade throughout Wisconsin 
and Minnesota. He has two traveling sales- 
men all the year, and gives employment to 
thirteen skilled workmen. 

Mr. Kratchivil was married in Milwaukee, 
Wisconsin, to Miss Annie Hale, who died, 
leaving two children, Katie and Elle. Mr. 
Kratchivil was married a second time, at La 
Crosse, Wisconsin, to Miss Emily Joslin, a 
native of this city. They have no children. 
The first wife of our subject was a full com- 
municant of the Roman Catholic Church. 



"^'^■>^J*S*""'°' 



fcpMIL BERG, superintendent of the de- 
livery department of the La Crosse 
Postoffice, and leader of the Normanna 
Sangerkor and Frohsinn, was born at Trond- 
jem, Norway, December 12, 1843, a son of 
Ebbe Berg, by his marriage to Christine 
(Lund) Berg. His father was an ofKcer in 
the commissary department of the artillery 
of Norway, and is a descendant of agricult- 
ural ancestry. The general characteristics of 
the Bergs were large stature, hardy constitn- 
tion and long life. On the mother's side 



the ancestry were Swedes, although she was 
born in Norway. They had seven sons and 
two daughters. 

Mr. Emil Berg received his education in 
the public schools of Trondjem, and in early 
life showed a strong predilection for music. 
He however learned the furrier's trade in liis 
native town. At the age of twenty-three 
years he came to America, locating in Chi- 
cago, where he followed his trade-one season, 
for which there was not sufficient demand. 
Then he engaged in upholstery, in the mean- 
time devoting his attention to mnsic. His 
fine tenor voice and his love for tiie old Norse 
songs made him favorably known in the mu- 
sical circles of tiiat city, and in the fall of 
1866 he organized the singing society named 
Nora, the first Norwegian singing society or- 
ganized in that city. During the fall of 
1868 it was merged into the Freja, Mr. Berg 
being elected leader of both societies. 

In the spring of 1869 he came to La Crosse, 
where he has since resided with the exception 
of four years in Decorah, Iowa, where he 
went to assume the leadership of the "Luren," 
a singing society. June 1, 1869, soon after 
his arrival in La Crosse, he was elected leader 
of the "Normanna," which position he held 
until 1880, excepting the four years men- 
tioned. In that year this society divided, 
half going with the Norden society and half 
working independently. Mr. Berg was elected 
leader upon being admitted to the Norden 
society, and held the position for several 
years, and as an appreciation of his labors 
was elected an honorary' member of the Nor- 
den society. For several years he was also 
leader of the Sextten Harmonien, and at one 
time leader of the quartet Gauken, and for 
two years leader of the La Crosse Valley 
Singing Society at West Salem, this State. 
During the summer of 1889 the Norske 
Sangerkor was organized with Mr. Berg as 



218 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



leader, which society in the fall of 1890 
joined the Normanna Sangerkor, and Mr. 
Berg was again elected to the leadership, 
which position he still holds. Since March 
1, 1890, he has also conducted the German 
singing society, Frohsinn. Mr. Berg is un- 
doubtedly the oldest Scandinavian leader of 
song in the Northwest, if not in America; 
and it is to be hoped that he may live a 
great many years yet to labor in the field he 
is so aJniirably fitted to fill. 

In the early part of the year 1870 the 
Normarna society had an active membership 
of thirty or moi-e, and at that time was the 
only singing society known beyond their im- 
mediate neighborhood. May 17, 1872, the 
Normanna assisted Ole Bull in his concert at 
Madison, given for the purpose of creating a 
fund for the establishment of a Scandinavian 
library at the State University there. 

lu 1874 Mr. Hoppe was elected leader of 
the Nonnaiina, and served for a year. From 
1875 to 1878 the society lay dormant, but in 
the last named year it obtained a new lease 
of lite and re-elected Mr. Berg leader. In 
1880 E. B. Rynning was elected leader, and 
served several years. In the fall of 1890 the 
Norske San^rerkor and the Normanna united 
and elected Mr. Berg leader. The society is 
at present in a fionrishiiig condition, having 
thirty-two active members and fifty-five hon- 
orary. 

Mr. Berg has been a member of the 1. O. 
O. F. for the past twenty-two years, having 
passed all the chairs, and is also a member of 
the encampment; and he has served the order 
in many of its ofiices. Being District Deputy 
Grand Master, he represented the lodges here 
at the Grand Lodge on different occasions. 
August 1, 1870, he was appointed delivery 
clerk at La Crosse Postotfice, and served 
through all the grades of office here np to his 
present position. Although he has a number 



of times been offered municipal office, he 
would never accept them. 

Mr. Berg was married in La Crosse, to 
Ella Ranber, a native of Norway and a 
daughter of Andrew Kanber by his marriage 
to Miss Sophie Naess, who came to America 
in 1853, settling in Chicago. Mr. and Mrs. 
Berg have one son and two daughters, 
namely: Ebbe, a mercantile clerk of bright 
promise; Ragna and Nora. 



LBERT V. FETTER, contracting 
plumber, steam and gas fitter, occupies 
a prominent place in commercial circles 
in La Crosse county, and is entitled to the 
following space in the history of her leading 
men. lie was born near Fountain City, 
Buffalo county, Wisconsin, April 22, 1866, 
and is a son of Ferdinand and Dorothea 
(Eder) Fetter, natives of Germany. The 
father was a lawyer by profession, and emi- 
grated from Prussia to America when a 
young man, locating at Fountain City, Wis- 
consin, where for many years he was favor- 
ably known as a member of the legal pro- 
fession. In the latter years of his life he 
became a resident of Alma, Wisconsin, and 
was County Judge of Buffalo county at the 
time of his death, which occurred October 
16, 1876. He was a man of unquestioned 
integrity, and discharged the duties of his 
office with a fidelity that won him the highest 
esteem of the people. Of his family, fonr 
sons and two daughters survive: Norman is 
the associate editor of West's Law Publish- 
ing House, St. Paul, a lawyer by profession; 
Albert V., the subject of this notice; Harvey 
J. is a civil engineer by profession, and is 
now chief engineer of the Duluth Terminal 
Railway Company; John P. is also a civil 
engineer, employed by the Northern Pacific 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



219 



Railroad Company; Hannah and Ella M. are 
the two daughters. 

Albert V. spent his early youth in Alma, 
Wisconsin, and at the age of fourteen years 
started out to meet the responsibilities of 
life. He first engaged as a clerk, and was 
thus occupied for several years. He then 
became interested in steamboats, but he 
abando7ied this enterprise in 1888 to estab- 
lish the business in which he is now engaged. 
In this undertaking he has been more than 
usually prosperous, and has won an enviable 
reputation as a progressive and substantial 
citizen. He is a charter member of the La 
Crosse Builders' Exchange, and belongs to 
the La Crosse Board of Trade. In 1891 
Mr. Fetter joined E. T. Mueller in business 
for the purpose of manufacturing a patent 
tool to be used in the plumbing business. 

Our worthy subject was married in La 
Claire, Iowa, to Miss Mae Orwig Hil bourne, 
a native of that place and a daughter of John 
and Kate Hilbourne, natives of the State 
of Pennsylvania. Mrs. Hilbourne's maiden 
name was Schreiner. 

.. .g - M; . ^ 



fllOMAS W. CUMMINGS, funeral di- 
rector and undertaker. La Crosse, Wis- 
consin, is a native of the State of 
Illinois, born at Galena, November 15, 1854. 
His parents, Andrew and Catherine (Murphy) 
Cummings, were natives of Ireland, but in 
1849 they bade farewell to the beautiful 
"Emerald Isle" and sailed away to America. 
The father was a grocer by trade, and carried 
on a thriving business in Dubuque, Iowa, 
from 1856 until the time of his death, which 
occurred in June, 18(i5. He and his wife 
reared a family of four sons and four daugh- 
ters: Mary married Richard O'Brien, a 
merchant of Independence, Iowa; Simon is 



a resident of La Crosse; Bridget is the wife 
of George Higgins, an engineer of St. Louis, 
Missouri; Maggie is the wife of John Lark- 
ins; T. W. ; Annie, wife of Peter Pauls; 
Walter J. died at Bismarck, Dakota, leaving 
a wife and one son; John C. died in Dubuque, 
leaving a wife and two daughters; they had 
buried four children in infancy; Thomas W. 
is the subject of this biographical sketch. 

He obtained a good education in Dubuque, 
and early in life began clerking in a grocery 
store; subsequently he was employed in a 
saloon and billiard hall, and in 1886 he came 
to La Crosse, where he carried on the saloon 
business until 1889. He then embarked in 
the embalming and undertaking business, and 
has met with fair success. 

Mr. Cummings was married in Dubuque, 
Iowa, to Miss Phebe Reah, a native of Iowa 
and a daughter of David and Sarah J. (Blake) 
Reah. Of this union two sons and two 
daughters have been born: Bertha, Andrew 
D., Stella and Ambrose. The parents are 
members of the Roman Catholic Church, 
while Mr. Cummings belongs to the Catholic 
Knights of Wisconsin and to the Ancient 
Order of Hibernians. 



fLORENS SCHILDMANN, of the firm 
of Weide & Schildmann, saloon-keepers, 
La Crosse, was born October 31, 1855, 
in Westphalia, Germany, in the town of 
Bielefeldt. His father, William, who had 
married Elsabeth Eberfeldt, was a carpenter 
by occupation and came to America in 1856, 
witli his family, locating at Quincy, Illinois. 
Four years afterward he moved to Sank City, 
Wisconsin, and three years after that, in 
1862, to La Crosse, where he has since made 
his home. He reared two sons and three 
daughters. 



220 



Bl Oa RAPHIGAL HISTOR Y. 



Mr. Schildinann, whose name introduces 
this sl\etcli, grew to manhood in La Crosse, 
obtained a fair education in the common 
school, and has since been engaged in keep- 
ing a saloon. He has served four years as 
Alderman of the Eighth Ward; has been 
chairman of the Committee on the Poor, and 
member of the Committees on License and 
Health. He is a member of the Society of 
the Sons of Hermann, of the Deutscher 
Verein and also of tiie Third Ward Aid 
Society. 

He married Miss Margaretha Dalineli, a 
native of Germany and a daughter ot Freder- 
ick and Margaretha Dahnell. They have two 
sons and three daugliters, namely: Emma, 
Louisa, Walter, William and Florence Minnie. 



fHOMAS HANSEN, a contractor and 
builder of La Crosse, is one of the char- 
ter members of the Builders' Exchange 
of tli;it city, and has been prominently ident- 
ified with her building interests since 1869, 
when he emigrated to America. He was 
born in Norway, near Lillihamer, March 1, 
1844, and is the son of Hans and Carrie 
(Jensen) Thomsen. His father was a farmer 
and merchant; his death occurred in 1859. 
Thomas Hansen learned the carpenters' 
trade in his native country, and in 1869, as 
before stated, crossed the sea to America, 
believing that the opportunities aiforded in 
the new world were greater than those of the 
old. After landing he came direct to La 
Crosse, and here established himself in the 
contracting and building business. He is 
also a millwright, and for several years he 
followed this occupation throughout Minne- 
sota, Dakota, Nebraska and Wisconsin. His 
efforts have been rewarded with a fair measure 
of success, and his relations with his iiewlj' 



adopted mother country have been of a very 
pleasant cliaracter. 

Mr. Hansen was married in Norway to 
Miss Elisabeth Erickson, and of this union 
eight children have been born: Henry, the 
oldest, a promising young man, died at the 
age of nineteen years; those living are: Louisa 
and Hilda, five children havincr died in child- 
hood. 

tOUIS N. NELSON is one of the most 
skilled painters and decorators of Li 
Crosse, where he has resided since 1888. 
He was born in Madison, Wisconsin, Novem- 
ber 24, 1862, and is a son of Thomas A. 
and Lena (Grendley) Nelson, natives of 
Norway. The parents were born in Skien, 
about 12U miles from Christiania, and emi- 
grated to America in 1853 or 1854. Other 
members of the Nelson and Grendley families 
also crossed the sea, and the greater number 
settled near Milwaukee, although branches of 
the Grendley family are scattered over Wis- 
consin and Michigan. 

Louis N. Nelson grew to manhood in Madi- 
son, Wisconsin, where he learned his trade 
from his father, who was a prominent painter 
and decorator in that city. In 1888 he came 
to La Crosse, as befoi'c stated; after arriving 
in this city he formed a partnei'ship with O. 
J. Oyen; this relationship existed until 1890, 
when it was dissolved by mutual consent. 
Since that time Mr. Nelson has conducted 
the business alone, and has met with marked 
success. Thoroughly well fitted for his line 
of work and possessed of those sterling traits 
of character which win and hold confidence, 
he has made for himself an enviable reputa- 
tion among the business men of La Crosse. 
He is a member of the Builders' Exchange 
of La Crosse, and is deeply interested in the 
success of the ortcanization. 




V. "-^'^^r GK^ynan^KY 




BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



221 



He was married in Madison, Wisconsin, to 
Miss Margaret Agnes Connell, a daughter of 
Thomas and Margaret Connell, and of this 
union one son has been born, Louis T. 



-'■^^rin/b- 



■lany-'^^ 



I^HjONS ANDERSON.— America is in- 
debted to all the nations of the earth 




S^^ for her inhabitants, and no country 
lias contributed a more upright, honorable 
class of citizens than has Norway, the birth- 
place of Mons Anderson, one of the most 
highly respected residents of La Crosse, Wis- 
consin. He was born at Valders, June 8, 
1830, a son of Anders and Mary (Knudson) 
Anderson, both of whom were natives of Nor- 
way. His father was a farmer by occupation, 
and died when our subject was but a lad. 

During his boyhood he was educated in the 
common schools, and at the age of sixteen 
(being the oldest in the family) lie bade fare- 
well to his friends and the pine-clad hills of 
his native land, and sailed across the sea to 
America, locating after his arrival in Mil- 
waukee. He was fortunate in securing em- 
ployment with Hon. Daniel Wells, a member 
of Congress from Milwaukee, and then pro- 
prietor of the City Hotel. He remained in 
Mr. Wells' employ for three years, two of 
which he was a student in Prof. Balk's 
school. He spent one year as a salesman in 
the grocery store of Herbert Reed, giving 
entire satisfaction to his employer and win- 
ning many friends among the customers. 

Observing the necessity of capital to 
achieve success in the older Eastern cities, he 
determined to push farther West, and, at- 
tracted by the commercial prospects of La 
Crosse, he came to this city when it was a 
small village, in 1851. He first engaged as 
clerk in the store of S. T. Smith, which was 
located on Front street, and in 1853 became a 

18 



partner in the establishment. He later formed 
a partnership with W. W. Ustick, which 
continued one j'ear. He was then alone for 
some years, his next partner being S. E. 
Olesou, with whom he was associated for 
two years. 

Then Mr. Anderson successfully continued 
the business alone for several years, while his 
two sons were l)eing fitted for the responsi- 
bility of the increasing trade. 

In 1885 Mr. Anderson took both of his 
sons into the company, the firm then being 
known as Mons Anderson & Sons. His 
oldest son, Alfred H., acquired a large interest 
in what was then Washington Territory, and 
it soon became apparent that it required his 
personal attention, so he withdrew from the 
linn, and moved there to take charge of his 
own interests. It was then thought advis- 
able, as being the popular system, to organize 
into a stock company, to be known as The 
Mons Anderson Company, which was done 
in January, 1891. Samuel W. then became 
the mainstay of his father in the management. 

His fine block on the corner of Main and 
Second streets has been built from time to 
time as the business demanded, being always 
ahead of the town. It has been a common 
remark that he has the largest establishment 
of its kind in America in proportion to the 
population. He has been in active business 
forty years, and is to-day the oldest business 
man by many years, on the Mississippi river, 
above Galena. 

The question would naturally arise in the 
reader's mind, "Why did not Mr. Anderson 
move to a larger place many years ago where 
his enterprise and push could be appreci- 
ated?" His answer would be, that he would 
rather be a leader in the city of La Crosse 
than a follower in some larger city. 

At the present time, Mr. Anderson em- 
ploys traveling men by the dozen, and employs, 



lUOORAFUWAL HISTORY. 



in his factory and store by the hundreds. 
His goods find a ready market in Western 
Wisconsin and in Minnesota, Iowa, Kansas, 
Nebraska, and tlie Dakotas, and tiie annual 
output exceeds a million dollars. 

Tlie writer was sliown through tlie various 
departments of tlie manufactory and ware- 
liouses, and was surprised at finding such a 
mammoth establishment in a city the size of 
La Crosse. From ofBces to engine room, 
every department evinces neatness and order 
and the strict business methods that prevail 
therein. 

It is one of Mr. Anderson's characteristics, 
tiiat he always wants his customers and visi- 
tors to be happily disappointed and find it 
more extensive than represented or expected. 
One feature wortliy of retnark, is that Mr. 
Anderson started out in an early day to have 
strictly one price, and everyone treated alike, 
and to have goods represented as they were. 
This is the key to his success. At one time 
he did a wholesale dry-goods, retail dry-goods 
and 7iiillinery, and retail clotliing business. 
Ilis retail dry-goods and millinery traffic was 
the second largest in the State. 

As the country developed and the city 
grew, his wholesale operations steadily in- 
creased, making it necessary tliat some of the 
minor interests should be dispensed with. In 
1885 he closed out liis retail estal)lishinetits, 
and since that time has been duing a whole- 
sale dry-goods and manufacturing business. 
Mr. Anderson attributes his success in a 
measure to the fact that wlien lie gets trust- 
wortiiy employees he manages to retain them 
in his service. Among those who have served 
him long and faithfully, are Mr. J. T. Van 
Valkenburg; the old veteran "Uncle John" 
Halvorson; his trusted bookkeeper, Mr. Louis 
Streeter, who is secretary and treasurer of the 
present firm; Mr. Fred Hauifgaarn, manager 



of the manufacturing department, and many 
others. 

Mr. Anderson has not only witnessed the 
growth of La Crosse from a mere hamlet to 
the beautiful city it now is, but has actively 
participated in all tliat pertained to its ma- 
tured advancement. He has built up a 
business wiiich is an honor to himself and a 
credit to the city. As the city has grown, 
and competitors have entered the field, he 
has maintained his superior position in com- 
mercial circles by the excellence of his goods 
aTid his uniformly courteous and honorable 
dealing. He is a man positive in his con- 
victions, and of marked characteristics and 
unusual ability. While his life has been one 
of busy usefulness, its cares have set lightly 
upon him, for he retains his youthful vigor 
and activity in a marked degree. Courteous 
alike to customers, employees or strangers, 
he is the highest type of the genuine Ameri- 
can business man and gentleman, whom to 
know is a pleasure. 

In his pursuit of wealth he has i,ot been 
unmindful of the comfort of his employees, 
nor has he been wanting in public spirit. He 
is a liberal contributer to those enterprises 
which are calculated to benefit the city, either 
morally or intellectually. System and good 
judgment a"-e noteworthy features of all his 
operations, and his integrity rendered his 
credit '-gilt-edged," not only at home but 
abroad. He has accumulated a handsome 
competence, and enjoys the highest regard of 
the social and commercial world in which he 



moves. 



-^^^^^==<> 




I L L I A M W I E L E, of the firm of 
Wiele & Schildmann, proprietors of 
^^.^ a saloon in La Crosse, was born in 
Penskowo, in the province of Posen, Ger- 
many, March 21, 1859, a son of William and 



BIOORAPHIGAL HISTORY. 



Amanda (Hein) Wiele. His father was a 
farmer, and liis paternal grandfather a dis- 
tiller by trade, but mostly engaged in farm- 
ing. On the maternal side his forefatliers 
were generally millers. 

Mr. Wiele completed his apprenticeship in 
the grocery trade and catne to America in 
1878, locating in Alleghany county, Penn- 
sylvania, near Pittsburg, where he was a 
farmer for a short time. Ne.\t lie was for a 
siiort time at Albert Lea, Minnesota, keeping 
a saloon, and finally, in 1881, came to La 
Crosse. Here, for four years he was employed 
at Heileinan's brewery; next he was clerk 
for a year for Mr. Wehansen in the cigar 
trade; then was mail carrier about a year; 
and then for a year was clerk for Joiin Schil- 
ling, a clothing merchant; and since 1886 he 
has been conducting a good saloon. In 1891 
he was elected Supervisor for the Third "Ward. 
He is a member of the Germania Society, 
has served as its president; has been secretary 
of the Liederkranz; has passed all the chairs 
in the society of the Sons of Herman; and 
is one of the stockholders in the Inter State 
Fair Association. He is a public-spirited 
and enterprising citizen. 






IHARLES A. BARTZ is one of the 
many successful contractors and build- 
ers of La Crosse, and is also one of the 
many honored citizens for whom America is 
indebted to Germany. His birth-place is 
Polnow, about thirty miles from Berlin, and 
the date of his birth is October 3, 1855. 
His parents, John and Phillipena (Schwartz) 
Bartz, emigrated to the United States and 
settled in La Crosse. . The father was the 
owner of a considerable amount of property; 
his death occurred here in 1877, and his wife 
passed from this life in 1889. 



Charles received his education in the com- 
mon schools, and in ins youth chose the busi- 
ness of contracting and buildinp; for his 
occupation in life. In 1881 he became iden- 
tified with the building interests of La Crosse, 
and has won his share of the patronage of 
the city and surrounding country. Among 
the many buildings he has erected may be 
mentioned the residences of Stephen Gautert, 
Samuel Anderson, J. J. Fruit, and Alderman 
jSTeumeister. He is a member of the Build- 
ers' Exchange, was an early advocate of its 
establishment, and assisted very aiaterially in 
its oganization. He is a member of the 
Modern Woodmen and of the Progressive 
National Union. He is deeply interested in 
the prosperity of his fellow-craftsmen and 
may be relied upon to protect and sustain 
their interests. 



^5=^ 



^==S' 



ARL LUDWIG BORRESON, of tlie 
iUlvi ^"""^ ^^ Borreson Bros., general grocers, 
La Crosse, was born in the city of Lil- 
lehammer, in Eastern Norway, January 30, 
1842, a son of Borre Hansen Borreson, by 
his marriage to Elizabeth l^undgren, who was 
of Swedish descent though born in Norway. 
The forefathers of the Borreson line were 
generally engaged in the professions, especial- 
ly that of teaching. The father of our sub- 
ject, however, was an architect, and also 
served the public as Justice of the Peace and 
Mayor of the city. He ended his useful and 
active life in his native city, Lillehammer, in 
1878, at about the age of seventy years. 

At the age of twelve years Mr. Carl L. 
Borreson, our subject, began in mercantile 
business, serving an apprenticeship. In the 
spring of 1870 he left his native country, 
spent eight months in Germany and traveled 
ill England, and in the fall of 1870 came to 



224 



nroGitAP/iivA L Hisroii r. 



America, and direct to La Crosse. Here he 
began as clerk and l)ook-keeper for Charles 
B. Soldberg, a wholesale grocer, and continned 
in that position ten years. He then became 
liead manager of the retail department of 
this firm fur two years, having an interest in 
the business, and tlien, in the spring of 1883. 
formed willi William Joosten a partnership 
in the grocery business, wholesale and retail. 
Ill the spring of 1886 he sold his interest 
there to liis partners, and the next fall joined 
his brother Henry, in his present business, 
already mentioned. 

He was married in La Crosse to Miss Han- 
nah Matilda Wederwang, a native of Thoten, 
Eastern Norway , and adaughterof Matthias W. 
and Mary Wenderwang. The mother of Mrs. 
Borreson came to America with her daughter 
in 1865, settling in La Crosse, where she still 
resides. Mrs. Borreson died in 1875, leav- 
ing two daughters: Lillie Mary Elisabeth 
and Hannah Matilda Borgia. She was an 
earnest b liever in the Lutheran Church. 

Mr. Borreson's second marriage, wliich 
occurred December 26, 1877, was to Miss 
Josephine Hermine Bolette Haugan, who was 
born at Drammen, Norway, May 6, 183'J. 
She was a schoolteachei' in her native country, 
and also taught in Chicago after coining to 
America in 1865. Her father was a manu- 
facturer of wagons at Drammen for some 
years, and then moved to Christiania, the 
capital of Norway, where he was engaged in 
the same business; and while there he served 
the city as Alderman for a number of years. 
He came to America in 1860, and in 1870 
located at La Crosse, where he died three 
years later. 

By his second marriage Mr. Borreson has 
one son and one daughter; Borge Haugan, 
born July 7, 1879, and Bertha Christine 
Ambrosia, born October 9, 1880. Mr. and 



Mrs. Borreson are worthy members of the 
Lutheran Church. 

In tliis religious body Mr. Borreson has 
been very zealous and efficient, holding va- 
rious official positions. He was a member of 
the board of the church which located the 
Lutheran College of the Norwegian Synod 
of America at Decorah, Iowa, in the summer 
of 1889. In tlie summer of 1890 he was 
chairman of the building committee which 
6uf)erintended the erection of the Norwegian 
Lutheran Church of this synod at North La 
Crosse. He has served bis ciiurch here as 
trustee for about fifteen years, as secretary 
about nine years and as treasurer three years. 
He lias been a member of the Scandinavian 
Society for six years, and was its president at 
the time of its dissolution and merging into 
the Norden Society. He is at present Super- 
vij^or of the Ninth Ward. 

Of his family, his two ehlest daughters are 
young ladies of bright promise, exhibiting 
the best traits of tiie Borreson line, in the 
profession of teaching. The eldest daughter 
is a student making rapid progress at the 
Milwaukee Normal School, and the other is 
now in her graduating year in the high school, 
and will also complete a thorough course of 
training for the teachers' profession. 

fOSEI'H ANp ERANK SCHWALBE, 
builders and contractors. La Crosse, Wis- 
consin. — Josejih Schwalbe was born in 
Austria, near Prague, at the village of Aucha, 
June 19, 1S29, and is the son of a contractor 
and builder, whose ancestors for many gener- 
ations had followed the same calling. He 
received a good education in Prague and 
completed a thorough course of training in 
the architectural schools of that city. Upon 
attaining his twenty-first year, he embarked 



BIOOBAPHICAL HISTORY. 



235 



in the business of contracting and building, 
wliieh he conducted until 1S69, when he came 
to America and located in St. Louis, Mis- 
souri. There he remained thirteen months, 
but at the end of that time, came to La 
Crosse, where he has since made his home. 
He has been prominently identified with the 
building interests of the place, and has very 
materially aided the growth and development 
of this industry. 

He was married in his native village to 



Miss Lizzie 



Of this union ten 



children were born, three sons and four daugh- 
ters, in Germany, and two sons and one 
daughter in this country; three sons and 
three daughters survive: Mary is the wife of 
Joseph Schubert, of LaCrosee; Joseph is a 
real-estate agent in West Superior, Wisconsin; 
Frank; Lizzie is the wife of Lorens Schent, 
of La Crosse; Line, and William, a book- 
keeper by occupation. 

Frank Schwalbe, the junior member of the 
firm, was born at Aucha, Austria, October 8, 
1863, and is a son of Joseph Schwalbe. He 
received his education in La Crosse, and early 
in life took up the business of his father. In 
1888 the present partnership was formed. 
He was married in this city to Miss Charlotta 
Kohlhaus, a daughter of Jacob Kohlhaus. Of 
this union two sous have been born; Frank 
and Arthur. He is a member of the La 
Crosse Board of Trade and of the Germania 
Society, being an honored official of the latter. 

Mr. Schwalbe and his son Frank are both 
members of the Builders' Exchange, and are 
among the leading members of their craft. 
Among the many buildings whicli they have 
erected may be mentioned the Weileman 
Brewing Company's plant, Zeister's Brewery, 
tlie largest portion of the Gund Brewing 
Company's plant, most of the C. J. Michel, 
Brewing Company's plant, the Eagle Brew- 
ery, the Vogel Brewery, the West Wisconsn 



Machine Shops, the Tivoli (a summer garden), 
Peter Lehman's Garden, Doerre's Block, City 
Hall of La Crosse, Mr. Wheeler's residence 
on Tenth and Cass streets, etc. 

•°^' "^ * ?"S ' ^" '"*>' — 



SRANCIS XAVIER DE LOREA, whose 
business career in La Crosse has been a 
most satisfactory one, has been a resi- 
dent of the county since 1873, and has won 
an enviable position among his fellow-build- 
ers. He was born in the city of Montreal, 
July 4, 1837, and is a son of Battiste and 
Susan (Roussant) De Lorea. His father was 
a farmer by occupation, but agriculture pre- 
sented few attractions to young Francis 
Xavier, and he took up the carpenter's trade, 
which he learned very thoroughly in his na- 
tive city. In 1861 he came to the United 
States, and until 1873 worked as a journey- 
man in the various cities of tlie Union. Since 
locating in La Crosse he has come to be rec- 
ognized as one of the most intelligent con- 
tractors and has won his share of patronage. 
He erected the Sixth Ward schoolhouse, the 
McMillan building, the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, the La Crosse Abattoir, the business 
block of the Norwegian Workingmen's Soci- 
ety, the Lienlokken building, and many of 
the finest residences. During the past seven 
years he has given considerable attention to 
contracting and building in Minneapolis, 
Minnesota, meeting with very encouraging 
results. 

Mr. De Lorea was married in La Crosse to 
Miss Emma E. Rawlinson. He and bis wife 
are regular communicants of the Episcopal 
Church, and are members of the congregation 
of Christ Church. He is a worthy Sir Knight 
of tlie Masonic order, and belongs to the 
Kniirhts of Honor. Mrs. De Lorea is a 



226 



JilOORAPHICAL HISTORY. 



Worthy Matron of tlie Eastern Star, and is an 
active otticial of that society. 

Onr subject is a member of tlie directory 
of tiie Hnilders' Exchange and was one of the 
prominent factors in tlie perfection of that 
organization. 



SENEY WILLIAM RAETZMANN, 
editor and proprietor of Der La Crosse 
VuU'sfreund, was born at Barum, Han- 
over, Germany, September 9, 1847. In 
October, 186G, lie emigrated to America, 
going directly to Reedsl)urg, Wisconsin; 
there he found employment in a general 
store as clerk, and also gave some time to the 
study of the English language, attending the 
public school for this purpose. He studied 
law in 1867-'(i8 with Mr. Joseph Mackey, 
one of the leading attorneys of Sauk county, 
and in 186'J became a student in the North- 
western University at Watertown, Wiscon- 
sin. In 1870 he again turned his attention 
to mercantile pursuits, and six years later he 
entered upon his career as a journalist, in 
which he has met with the most gratifying 
success. In December of that year he estab- 
lished at Reedsbnrg, Wisconsin, the Demo- 
cratic weekly newspaper called Der Sauk 
County IJerold, of which he has been the 
editor and publisher for fifteen years. He 
was Notary Public during this time, and held 
the agency for several steamship lines and ti\e 
different lire- insurance companies. He served 
as Justice of the Peace for two terms, being 
twice re-elected, but declining to accept the 
honor the third time it was conferred, as his 
private business required his undivided atten- 
tion. 

In January, 1891, Mr. Raetzmann removed 
to La Crosse with his family, and has resided 
in this city since that time. He also bought 



his printing material and established the new 
German Democratic paper, Der La Crosss 
Volksfreuiid, and a Sunday supplement 
called I 111 Fam'dienkreise. The Sauk County 
JLerold, fiiier having been published here for 
nearly ten months during 1891, was merged 
into the Yolksfreund, and is published in 
connection with that ] aper every Saturday 
under the name of the ILerold and Volks- 
freund. Der La Crosse Volksfreund is one 
of the leading German publications of the 
Northwest; is a bright, newsy sheet, ably 
edited and well conducted. 

Mr. Raetzmann was united in marriage 
April 30, 1874, to Miss Emilie Licht, who 
was born September 30, 1855, the eldest 
daughter of Henry Licht of Westtield. Mr. 
and Mrs. Raetzmann are the parents of seven 
children, six of whom are living: Ewald 
Ludolf Friedrich, born March 20, 1875; 
Amandus Hugo Lothar, born August 8, 1876, 
died March 12, 1887; Meta Louise Frieda, 
born December 25, 1878; Wilhehn Hermann, 
June 9, 1881; Ella Catharine Pauline, 
August 27, 1883; Paul Otto Werner, Jan- 
uary 11, 1886; Alfred Louis Julius, April 
14, 1888. 



A. SLOANE, stamp clerk in the La 
Crosse, Wisconsin, postofKce, was ori- 
* ginally from Ilayesville, Ashland 
county, Ohio, his birth occurring March 28, 
1846, and his parents, William and Elizabeth 
Ann (Williams) Sloane were natives of that 
State also. The father was at one time a 
miller, but subsequently Itecaiue baggage 
master on the Pittsburg, Fort Wayne & Chi- 
cago Railroad, holding that position from 
•1865 until 1873, when his death occurred. 
He was just forty-five years of age. During 
the civil war he served as a private in Com- 



BIOGRAPHICAL HI STORY. 



227 



pajiy 11, One Hundred and Second Ohio In- 
fantry, and was on gnard and garrison duty. 
He was discharged on account of sickness 
after the tirst year. He was for many years 
a devout member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and in politics he was an Abolition 
Republican. His wife is still living, is sixty- 
three years of age, and resides at Crestline, 
Ohio. There were four children born to this 
union, E. A. Sloane being the eldest. The 
others are: John, on the railroad at Peoria, 
llliijois; William, a blacksmith at Gallion, 
Ohio, and Rudolph B. E. A. Sloane was 
reared in town, learned the printer's trade at 
twelve years of age, and followed that until 
he enlisted, July, 1862, in Company D, One 
Hundred and Second Ohio Volunteer In- 
fantry. His first battle was at Athens, Ala- 
bama, where he and many others were over- 
powered and captured after hard lighting. 
He was taken to Cahaba prison, Alabama, 
and there his treatment was horrible. He 
was captui'ed in September, 1864, and in 
March, 1865, the river overflowed, the prison 
was flooded, and the prisoners were obliged to 
stand in water up to their waists for one week. 
He weighed 130 pounds when he entered, and 
on coming out, in March, weighed but sixty 
pounds. General VV^ashburn, who had charge 
of the Confederate prisoners at Vicksburg 
sent word to prison at Cahaba, that if the 
prisoners at that point were not liberated im- 
mediately, he would hang everyone of their 
officers in his charge. They were soon 
after liberated. The prisoners were then sent 
to Vicksburg, and our subject was in the 
hospital for some time. He then becauie 
terribly homesick, had been out three years, 
and had seen the very roughest side of war- 
fare, and as a consequence lie slipped away 
from the hospital and ensconced himself on 
the Sultana, hoping to avoid the hospital sur- 
geons, so that he could make his way to his 



Northern " Home, sweet home." He was de- 
tected, however, and brought hack to the 
hospital by order of the surgeons, and thus. 
unwittingly on the part of those professional 
men, was presumably saved from the terrible 
calamity that overtook the Sultana, and sent 
1,900 brave soldiers to a watery grave with- 
out a moment's warning. Mr. Sloane was 
discharged May 2, 1865, and it was a year 
bei'ure he recovered from his experience. 
After this he was on the railroad, and was 
conductor for twenty-one years. On the 
fourth of July, 1889, he met with a serious 
accident. He was tiring anvils, when the 
ring which connected them burst, and a flin- 
der struck his leg, necessitating its amputa- 
tion September 17, of the same year. Since 
April 14, 1890, he has been stamp clerk in 
the postofMce at La Crosse, Wisconsin, and 
has filled that position in a very acceptable 
manner up to date. 

Mr. Sloane was married on May 20, 1868, 
to Miss Clara Bowen, daughter of Captain 
Bowen of Port Huron, Michigan. They 
have two daughters living: Cora, wife of 
Fred Lampman, residing in Minneapolis, 
Minnesota; and Grace, wife ot M. M. Conley, 
of Minneapolis. Mr. and Mrs. Conley have 
two children: Pearl and Wayne. 

Mr. Sloane is a men)ber of the G. A. R., 
of the order of Railroad Conductors, is a 
member of the Knights of Pythias and the 
Modern Woodmen. He is a Republican in 
politics, though somewhat independent. 

HENJAMIN E. EDWARDS, a promi- 
nent and influential citizen of La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, identified with many of the 
important business enterprises on foot in this 
city, is one whose biography will be found 
of interest to many. 



BIOGRAPHICAL HI STORY. 



Benjamin E. Edwards was horn in Wal- 
wortii county, Wisconsin, November 12, 1845, 
sou of Theodore B. and Adeline F. (Mc- 
Craeken) Edwards. Grandfather Julius Ed- 
wards came to Wisconsin at an early day, and 
Theodore B. Edwards came from North- 
ampton, Massachusetts, to this State in 1839, 
making settlement in La Crosse, in 1852. 
The latter was an active citizen and a public- 
spirited man. lie was engaged in the real- 
estate business and did uiucli toward building 
up and improving city property. In 1870 he 
went to California and established his home 
in Santa Clara county. 

The subject of our sketch was reared in La 
Crosse, and obtained a fair education in the 
ptruiic schools of this city, subsequently en- 
tering the preparatory school at Beloit. In 
the summer of 18G4 he enlisted in Company 
G, Fortieth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, 
and went to the front. He, however, saw no 
great amount of hard tightin<i;. From 1867 
to 1873, he was engaged in the dry-goods 
business, and from 1878 to 1887 gave his 
ittention to lumber interests. Upon the 
organization of the City Street Railway Com- 
pany, in 1882, he took an active part and 
continued with it till its consolidation with 
the La Crosse Street Railway Company, form- 
ing the present extensive plant known as the 
La Crosse City Railway Company. Since 
the consolidation of the companies, Mr. Ed- 
wards has served as president. Upon the 
ortianization of the La C/rosse Knitting 
Works, in 1886, he gave the enterpi-ise his 
ardent support, and took an active ofKcial 
membership in its directory, serving as vice- 
president. In 1889 he joined Mr. W. H. 
Davis in the purchase of the Wheel & Seeder 
Company's plant, at Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, 
and in 1890 they organized the Wheel & 
Seeder Manufacturing Company, and built 
their extensive factory on Clinton street, 



North La Crosse, and removed the plant from 
Fond du Lac here. In 1890, he joined cor- 
dially in the support and organization of the 
Inter-State Fair Association, conti'ibuted lib- 
erally to it, and i)a8 served as its president 
since that time. IJe is also engaged to some 
extent in the real-estate business. 

Mr. Edwards was married in La Crosse, in 
1867, to Miss Ella C. Osborne. (See sketch 
of the Osborne family.) They have one son 
and three daughters, viz.: Eugene O., Grace, 
a student of Wellesley College, Massachu- 
setts; Ilelen L., who is now in the prepara- 
tory department at Amherst, Massachusetts; 
and Annie K., attending the public school. 

Mr. Edwards is a member of the Old Set- 
tlers' Society of La Crosse county, and is 
associated with the I. O. 0. F. lie and his 
family worship at the Congregational Church. 



-^^xn/i/iy- 



-^inn^^ 



flLLlAM LUENING, dealer in <lry 
, \j| goods, furnishing, etc., was born in 
l*-&y?r] Bremen. (Tcnnany, March 12, 1851. 
His father, AVilliam Luening, wasayierchant, 
and his ancestors had generally been mercan- 
tile people in Hanover, Esens, and other cities. 
He married Bertha Kroning, whose fore- 
fathers had generally been in public ofKce. 
In 1853 he came to America and established 
himself in business at Milwaukee, and two 
years later bro\ight his family over. In 1864 
he moved to Sauk City, this State, wliere he 
passed the remainder of his useful and active 
life, dying in 1876, and being buried with 
the honors of the German Singing and Liter- 
ary Society. He left two sons and two daugh- 
ters, namely: Diedrich C, principal of a 
public school in Milwaukee; Louisa, who 
became the wife of Edward Carl of Wausau, 
Wisconsin; William of this sketch, and Ber- 




Ma^ii 



^^•. ^. JS ^0^4.1 



BIOORAPHIOAL HISTORY. 



329 



tha, who married John Kohlsaat, of Chi- 
cago, Illinois. 

Mr. William Luening, onr subject, com- 
pleted his school days in the Milwaukee high 
school; then, at sixteen, was apprenticed 
clerk in a wholesale notion store; at nineteen 
he went out as a " knight of the gripsack" 
(traveling salesman), in which capacity he 
enjoyed great success. In 1880 he retired 
from the road and joined the John Gund 
Brewing Company, which partnership lasted 
until 1886. Next he joined Mrs. 0. F. Klein, 
in the business of dry goods, clothing, etc. 
He has served one term of four years as a 
member of the City Council; has been Presi- 
dent of the Germania Society three years, 
Speaker of the Turn-Verein three terms, and 
lias held other positions in these societies. 

He was married in La Crosse, to Miss Em- 
ma Gund, daughter of John Gund (see 
sketch). She died in 1886, leaving two sons 
and a slaughter: Irma, Guido, and William. 
Mr. Luening subsequently married Miss 
Anna Kienohs, a native of Northern Ger- 
many, and by this marriage there is one son, 
b}' name Eugene. 



-|«>^^- 



I^^ENJAMIN F. BRYANT.— The man 
from Maine has always been a potential 
element in the civilization and develop- 
ment of Wisconsin. The pine tree pointed 
the way for the pioneers, but along the 
woodman's trail came men of all vocations 
— merchants, mechanics and scholastic pro- 
fessors of every degree. No better blood 
ever infused pioneer life; no sturdier arm 
ever set about the task of subduing the wil- 
derness, and no less vigorous mental activity 
could have raised a great commonwealth 
amid the unbroken elements of nature within 
the limits of half a century. Very much of 



the strong, distinctive Americanism which 
Wisconsin has maintained almost co-equally 
with the other Eastern States, against an un- 
paralleled tide of immigration from every 
nation upon the earth, is due to the virility 
of the pioneer stock in which the ir*ine Tree 
State is so strongly represented. 

The war, which turned and overturned 
everything in the United States except t)ie 
fundamental principles of indissoluble union 
and universal liberty, called a halt upon the 
westward-journeying star of empire until 
every star in the national firmament, how- 
ever prone to wander, shall know and admit 
that its place was fixed and everlasting. The 
lessons of the war were not only to those 
who denied the nation; all men understood 
better that this was our common country, 
and the migrations, which before had seemed 
like leaving home for distant and alien lands, 
took on a changed aspect as the iron bound- 
aries of the State were leveled. The associa- 
tions of the war had also their influence. 
TJie men of Maine and Wisconsin stood side 
by side for a common cause on manj' fields, 
and the friendships cemented in sacrificial 
blood are not easily broken. When the last 
act in the great drama was accomplished, and 
half a million soldiers returned to peaceful 
civil life almost in a single day, thousands 
of home-seekers turned their faces toward 
the star of empire which again grandly took 
its way westward. Every Eastern State had 
its favorite Western State, and the men of 
Maine, still influenced by the magnetic pine 
tree as well as by the thought of friends who 
had preceded them, resumed their journey 
toward Wisconsin. 

There are occasional instances of one who 
paused upon the way to try the light of what 
we now call the Central States, but which 
thirty years ago seemed the far West to the 



New Englander. 



When such an one com- 



230 



BIOORAPUIOAL HISTOIiF. 



pleted his journey to Wisconsin, fulfilling 
his destiny as a Maine man, he was received 
with all the more complacency as one who 
came upon judgment and knowledge, and 
not because others liad beaten the path. Such 
an one was the subject of this sketch, Benja- 
min F. Bryant, who left Maine for Ohio in 
1801, and first put his foot upon Wisconsin 
soil to dwell there in 1868, three years of 
the interim having been spent upon Southern 
battle-fields. The Judge, or Colonel, as he 
is called indiscriminately, is one of the best 
representatives of his native State, Wiscon- 
sin, that it has ever welcomed; proud of his 
birth-place; loyal to his alma mater, the ven- 
erable Bowdoin College; faithful in regard 
for statesmen and scholars that Maine has 
given the nation, yet from the start, thor- 
oughly assimilating all of western life except 
its crudeness, he was well fitted to do his 
share in the educational and social develop- 
ment of a relatively new community. 

Benjamin French Brj'ant, son of Benja- 
min and Lncy F. Bryant, was born at Rock- 
land, Maine, September 3, 1837. His father 
was a physician, born at New Vineyard, 
Franklin county, Maine, in 1803, himself the 
son of a farmer and blacksmith, who taught 
all his sons — many in number — the black- 
smith trade before their majority. The Bry- 
ants in New England were from the olden 
time workers in iron. Colonel Br^'ant's 
grandfather, of the maternal branch, Deacon 
Joseph French, was a farmer, who went into 
Maine from Massachusetts near the close of 
the last century, when Franklin county was 
a wilderness, and settled on a farm at South 
Chesterville before a tree had been felled 
on it, and cleared it himself. His daughter 
Lucy was born there in 1805. The farm is 
still owned and cultivated by descendants of 
the same name. 

Both branches of Colonel Bryant's family 



are old in New England, and settled in Mas- 
sachusetts near the middle of the seventeenth 
century. His fatiier's family are of English 
and Scotch extraction; his mother's of Eng- 
lish. His grandfather Bryant and sons were 
men of versatile talents and ready in speech. 
The mother's family have been from the 
earliest time among the sturdiest of New 
England people, usually farmers, but some- 
times hotel keepers, mechanics, merchants 
and physicians. Dr. John French, of Bath, 
New Hampshire, was Colonel Bryant's moth- 
er's uncle, and Ezra B. French, Second Au- 
ditor of the United States Treasury, was 
Dr. French's son and her cousin. 

Colonel Bryant lived in Maine from his 
birth until after his majority, attending com- 
mon schools only until he was seventeen 
years old. He then began to attend the 
Maine Wesleyan Seminary at Kent's Hill, in 
the town of Readtield, where his father and 
mother had completed their education. He 
there pursued his studies about six months 
each year for four years, fitting himself for 
teaching and also to enter college. As his 
father was too pooi' to assist him in his 
education, he was comjjelled to provide the 
ineans himself, and accordingly while at the 
academv and in college he worked on the 
farm each summer and tautrht school win- 
ters, and in this way defrayed the expenses 
of school. He left home when sixteen years 
old to take care of himself, and was with 
his parents afterward only for brief periods 
with long intervals. 

The young man had the full measure of 
American ambition, and upon the subject 
of education he said, "1 will." 

All things come to such if they are as 
steadfast as courageous; and in 1859 he 
entered Bowdoin College, in the class of 
1863. He did not, however, complete the 
course. When his class graduated he was 



BlOORAPaiCAL HISTORY. 



231 



taking a higher course in patriotism with 
the Armj of the Cumberland in tiie Chick- 
amauga campaign. In 1856 his father liad 
removed to Huron county, Ohio, where the 
son joined him in 1861. Soon alter he en- 
tered the law office of Kennan & Stewart at 
Norwalk in that county. Legal studies as 
well as all other peaceful vocations were 
prosecuted under difficulties, with the war 
spirit growing into an intense passion 
thiougliout the land, and in August, 1862, 
Blackstone et id omne genus went hack upon 
the shelves to bide their time, while the 
young student went to the front as Sergeant 
in Company A, One Hundred and First 
Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. The 
regiment was assigned to the Army of the 
Cumberland, and participated in the j^rincipal 
battles of that section. After Stone River, 
Sergeant Bryant was commissioned First 
Lieutenant, and in March, 1864, Captain of 
his company. He was mustered out with 
his regiment at the close of the war, June 
20, 1865. His military record tells its own 
story; promotion was won on the field, and 
was the reward for duty faithfully and 
courageously tlone. 

He was not alone of his familj' to serve 
the Union cause in the service of arms. His 
father had but three sons, all of whom were 
in the army. Colonel Bryant's oldest brother, 
John E. Bryant, was Captain in the Eighth 
Kegiinent Maine Volunteer Infantry. He 
entered the service with his regiment in 
1861, and served three years. The young- 
est brother, Thomas C. Bryant, enlisted in 
1863 in the Third Regiment Ohio Volunteer 
Cavalry, and served there until the close of 
the war. 

Alter returning from his military service 
Colonel Bryant completed his legal studies 
at Norwalk, Ohio, in the office where he had 
commenced them in 1861, and was admitted 



to the bar in April, 1866, at the spring term 
of the District Court for Huron county, and 
at once began to practice law there. He was 
married near the close of the war, to Miss 
Augusta A. Stevens, of North Fayette, Maine. 
She was educated at Kent's Hill, at the semi- 
nary which he had attended, and also at the 
female college there. In 1866 the young 
couple took up their residence at Norwalk, 
Oliio, and remained until the spring of 
1868, when they removed to La Crosse in 
May, which has been their home to the 
present day. 

Few men have settled in La Crosse who 
made their presence felt more quickly and 
positively than Judge Bryant. He had an 
exceeding grace and 'suavity of manner that 
sometimes made his Irish friends inquire 
what part of the "ould sod" claimed the 
honor of his birth. When occasion arose for 
a public speech he stepped in an instant into 
pupular favor. His language was scholarly, 
forcible, poetical if occasion required, with a 
pungent savor of wit, and his method was 
at once persuasive and forcible. From the 
start Colonel Bryant w'as in such demand by 
the Republican party that his law practice 
would have fared ill had not good Yankee 
business sense set a limit upon too impor- 
tunate party demands. As it was he was 
forced against his intention, and almost 
against his will, into public life. He was 
County Judge of La Crosse county for one 
term of four years — from 1870 to 1874. He 
has been elected to the office of District At- 
torney of that county for three terms of two 
years each. In April, 1875, he was ap- 
pointed United States Pension Agent at La 
Crosse, and held the office until it was con- 
solidated, in July, 1877, with the St. Paul 
and Milwaukee agencies. From October, 
1882, to September, 1885, he was Postmas- 
ter at La Crosse. Governor C. C. Washburn 



BIOORAPUIGAL UISTORT. 



and also Governor William E. Smith, of Wis- 
consin, appointed him Aid-de-catnp on tlieir 
staffs with rank of Colonel. He has also 
been active and prominent in the Grand 
Army; was a charter member and has been 
Commander of Wilson Colwell Post, G. A. 
R., of La Crosse; has also served as Senior 
Vice-Commander and Department Com- 
mander of this Department. He was one of 
the incorporators of the Wisconsin Veteran 
Home, established in 1887 nnder the aus- 
pices of the Grand Army of that State, and 
has been a member of the Board of Directors 
and treasurer of that institution. 

It is, perhaps, well that some more ex- 
tended allusion should be made to Judj^e Bry- 
ant in his capacity as a public speaker. In 
his practice he is best known as an advo 
cate, though he never goes into court with a 
case without knowing thoroughly all the law 
bearing upon it. If the announcement is 
made that Judge Bryant is to address the 
jury, people make it a point to get around 
and hear what he has to say. He likes very 
well to compose an address — to set his 
thoughts clearly and logically in array with 
felicitous simile and apt quotations; but he 
is also one of the few men who can make a 
speech under the inspiration of the hour 
that will, without addition or emendation, 
read like a polished essay when it appears 
in print. A notable instance of this faculty 
is found in his speech at the annual encamp- 
ment of the Grand Army of the Republic at 
Milwaukee in 1887, on the Dependent Pen- 
sion bill, which was taken down by the 
stenographers as spoken, and printed without 
revision, a sheech made without preparation 
and called out by the occasion, but that stands 
as one of the ablest and most eloquent ad- 
dresses ever delivered in Wisconsin. While 
Colonel Bryant rarely speaks without some 
preparation, still, when called upon with l)ut 



a short time to prepare, the outline of a 
speech quickly takes shape in his mind, both 
as to what he should say and the order of ar- 
rangement. Close observation of current 
affairs throughout the world, the study of 
ancient history, especially the history of gov- 
ernments, and an e.xceptional familiarity with 
the best literature, both ancient and modern, 
have stored his mind with ideas which are 
always subject to the call of a retentive 
memory. That such a man should be both 
an elegant and eloquent speaker need hardly 
be said. That he is a logical and accurate 
debater has been proven in many warm 
political contests in Wisconsin. His speeches 
on patriotic occasions are models for all 
America. He inculcates a devotion to the 
ideas underlying our form of government, 
and the flag that symbolizes them, "that 
touches the right spot," as his hearers say, 
and makes one of his addresses a lesson in 
patriotism for old and young. To sum up 
his broad-gauge character in a phrase, it may 
be said that Colonel Bryant is a true cosmo- 
politan. The rugged experiences of early 
farm life put stores of vitality into a phy- 
sique not apparently robust; his years at that 
sedate and most dignified seat of learning, 
old Bowdoin, imparted the scholastic air 
which time and later circumstances have not 
changed; the study and practice of law has 
eliminated haste or prejudice in judgment; 
the l)itter e.xperiences of war has made patriot- 
ism an active principle worthy of entering 
into all the affairs of life; the tilling of pub- 
lic offices widely differing in character has 
imparted a knowledge not only of affairs, but 
of Tiien, and to these latter qualities twenty 
years of experience as a public speaker hare 
contributed more than words can readily ex- 
press. To all this something equal to all may 
be added: a wife capable of aiding as well 
as appreciating. Mrs. Bryant is so charm- 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



233 



ing in society that only those who know her 
well realize all the graces of her amply stored 
mind, her judgment of art and literature, her 
clear insight of character, and her kind and 
charitable disposition. Their home is a model 
of quiet elegance, and whoever enters feels at 
once the pervading atmosphere of refinement. 
It is the model American home of a model 
American citizen. 

E. I5ENTLEY is the efficient cashier of 
one of the most popular, strong and 
'® flourishing financial institutions of the 
State of Wisconsin — the Batavian Bank of 
La Crosse, Wisconsin, with which he has 
been connected since 1866, first in the 
capacity of messenger boy, and lastly as 
cashier, doing effective service in each and 
every department. He was born in Scho- 
harie county, New York, October 22, 1843, 
to Edwin S. and N. M. (Gallup) Bentley, 
both natives of the State of New York. The 
parents came to Madison, Wisconsin, in the 
spring of 1855, and in the fall of the same 
year took up their abode in La Crosse, where 
the father followed the calling of a painter, 
his trade being that of a mechanic. He was 
a very devout man and was as highly re- 
spected as he was widely known. He was 
converted to Christianity at the early age of 
nineteen years, and soon after united with the 
Methodist Episcopal Church — the church of 
his clioice. He was a tireless worker in the 
vineyard of his Master, and as layman filled 
all the important otiices with great efficiency, 
and his life was fully rounded out and filled 
with the deeds and benevolences which mark 
the truly Christian character. \n the more 
intimate and sacred relationships of domestic 
life, as husband and father, he became all 
these words imply ; and in this inner circle, 



where his noble character won love, venera- 
tion and filial reverence in overflowing 
measures, his death left a void that can never 
be filled. He was married on the 24th of 
September, 1834, to Miss Nancy M. Gallup, 
of Gallupville, New York, a village named 
in honor of her uncle, and she became to him 
a true, faithful and loving helpmate. She 
was a woman whose many acts of kindness 
and charity gave her an exalted position in 
the affections of the community in which she 
lived, and she was in every way worthy of 
being the life companion of such a man as 
her husband. Their many deeds of Christian 
charity will stand as living monuments for 
many years to come, and their lives point a 
moral which all would do well to heed. Mr. 
Bentley died December 25, 1866, at the age 
of fifty six years, his widow surviving him 
until May 24, 1884, when she passed away, 
at the age of seventy-two years. The follow- 
ing are the names of the five children born 
to their union: Abbie S., Clara M., Charles 
S., E. E., the suljject of this sketch, and 
William L E. E. Bentley first received a 
public-school education, but later finished a 
classical course in the Ohio Wesleyan LTni- 
versity, graduating in the class of 1865, after 
which he followed the calhng of a pedagogue 
in Hamilton, Ohio, and also in Wisconsin, 
winning the reputation of being a conscien- 
tious and able educator and a fine disciplina- 
rian. He was first married in 1869, to Miss 
Susan N., daughter of Alfred Shepard, of 
La Crosse, the only issue of which marriage 
is a daughter, Susan M., who is a pupil in 
the Ohio Wesleyan LTniversity, and will 
graduate in the classical department in the 
class of '92. Mr. Bentley was called upon 
to mourn the death of his wife in 1872, who 
died at the untimely age of twenty-seven 
years, having been a devout member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church from girlhood. 



234 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



In 1879 Miss Emma E. Langdon, daughter 
of Walter M. and Sallie E. Langdon, of La 
Croese, became liis second wile, and tliefrnita 
of this union ai'e the following children: 
Charles E., Wayne and Percy D. Mr. and 
Mrs. Bentley are members of the Metiiodist 
Episcopal Church, in which he has been 
trui^tee and steward. He was a lay delegate 
to the General Conference of this church, 
which was held in New York city in 1888, 
and has been a member of the Lay Electoral 
Conference one term. He is president of the 
Y. M. C. A. of La Crosse, an organization of 
which the city is justly proud. In 1864, 
while attending college, Mr. Bentlej, with 
many other students, dropped his books to 
become a votary of Mars, and enlisted in the 
Union service from Delaware, Ohio. During 
the four months that he was in the service 
he was principally on guard duty. The Ad- 
jutant of the regiment was W. H. Moore, 
and Richard Rwj'iiolds was the Captain of 
his company. As will bo seen, Mr. Bentley 
has lield positions of preferment in social, 
moral, financial and educational organiza- 
tions, and as an honored citizen has the re- 
spect and coulidence of a large circle of ac- 
quaintances, and is held in high esteem for 
his many excellences of character. 

Perhaps tliis is as good a place as any to 
give a sketch of the Young Men's Christian 
Association of La Crosse, with which Mr. 
Bentley has been so prominently connected. 

THE YOUNG men's CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. 

Among all the agencies for the good of man- 
kind and the betterment of his moral, physical 
and spiritual natures, probably no one has 
proved more practical and efficient than that 
arm of the church known as the Young Men's 
Christian Association. As the late Earl of 
Shaitesbnry said in speaking of their work, 
"theyareofimmonseimportance. They are not 



only good locally, but politically. The young 
men educated in them will contribute much 
by their sentiments and actions to form pub- 
lic opinion, and will constitute what has been 
called by Burke, * the cheap defense of na- 
tions.'" All over the world, where tiiey iiave 
sprung up by the thousands, and especially 
in our own land, where they have been most 
systematically and comprehensively' develop- 
ed, they are pointed to with confidence by all 
classes as conservators of the greatest force 
of any nation, — the power of young manhood. 

While by no means possessing a model 
association in every respect, owing to local 
restrictions, yet La Crosse may well take 
pride in her Young Men's Christian Asso- 
ciation. In 1883 a public meeting was called 
to consider the advisability of opening a 
reading room for young men. Previous ex- 
perience, which had resulted in failure, even 
under most favorable auspices, decided against 
any effort in this direction that was not an- 
chored to some sure and tried principle, and 
it was thought best to organize as a young 
men's christian association. State Secretary 
Lewis, of cherished memory, and Secretary 
Willis, of the Milwaukee Association, aided 
in the initiatory steps. 

The formal organization took place April 
30, 1883, at the office of H. B. Smith, and 
the following persons signed the constitution: 

E. E. Bentley, E. B. Magi 11, L. B. Coleman, 
M. B. Greenwood, G. \Y. Burton, J. M. 
Holley, II. B. Smith, Geo. McMillan, S. F. 
Clinton, J. T. Van Valkenberg, Alfred James, 
John James, Joseph James, E. R. Montague, 

F. W. Lange, Robert Nourse, A. R. Gustaf- 
son, Gilbert Shepard, N. Arneson, J. Bangs- 
berg, H. B. Smith, Jr., II. I. Bliss, E. D. 
Loomis, Wm. W. Jones, J. B. Canterbury, 
Henry A. Salzer. The first board of direc- 
tors were as follows: President, E. E. Bentley; 
Vice-President, J. T. Van Valkenberg, Re- 



niOGBAPHICAL HISTORY. 



333 



cording Secretary, J. M. Holley; Treasurer, 
H. B. Smith; Directors, G. R. Montague, 
Geo. McMillan, A. R. Gnstafson, Joseph 
James, Henry A. Salzer. 

Great interest was at once manifested in the 
organization, and it at once sprang into popu- 
lar favor. Mr. M. B. Williams, General Sec- 
retary of the Elmira, New York Association, 
was called to take charge as general secretary, 
and, under his skillful and experienced man- 
agement the work was successfully developed 
along all lines. In 1886 Mr. Williams re- 
signed to accept an offer to become State 
secretary of Virginia, and was succeeded by 
Mr. James R. Pratt, who continued to act as 
general secretary until 1889, when he ac- 
cepted a position tendered him upon the 
State force, afterwards succeeding to the po- 
sition of State secretary, upon the death of 
Mr. Lewis. Mr. Pratt was followed as gen- 
eral secretary by Mr. W. B. Miller, who had 
iust finished his studies at Appleton. Mr. 
Miller remained in charge only eight months, 
when he was offered, and accepted, a position 
in the office of the Twenty-third Street 
Branch, New York city, and was succeeded 
in April, 1890, by Mr. F. D. Hopkins, the 
present general secretai-y. 

The first quarters occupied by the associa- 
tion were on Main street, between Front and 
Second, where the Nordstern now has its 
office. The rooms were considered very de- 
sirable at the time, but in 1884 the associa- 
tion took advantage of the erection of the 
building where the rooms are now located at 
Nos. 423-425 Main street, to have rooms 
especially arranged for them, and in October 
of that year occupied thera. Great credit 
should be given the ladies' auxiliary for their 
help, not only at this time in furnishing the 
rooms but for their efficient aid from the very 
beginning of the association. 

The rooms now occupied consist of a read- 



ing room, pleasantly furnished and supplied 
with all the leading publications of the day; 
a parlor, furnished in good taste with piano, 
etc.; recreation room, furnished with suitable 
amusements and games; assembly room, for 
meetings; gymnasium, with fair equipment; 
bath-rooms with tubs and shower baths; toilet 
room, and secretary's office. 

The association has a total membership 
of about 325, including a junior department 
of fifty members for boys between the ages of 
twelve and sixteen. 

Early in the history of the work its ne- 
cessity of special work on the North Side was 
recognized, and a branch was started with Mi-. 
George Tummings, now general secretary, at 
Chippewa Falls, in charge. In 1885 this was 
made an independent railroad department, 
and is now partially supported by the Chi- 
cago, Milwaukee and St Paul Railroad 
Company. They occupy a very tastefully 
furnished suite of rooms on Rose street, in- 
cluding all the advantages mentioned in con- 
nection with the South Side rooms. Mr. 
George A. Kidder, a former active member 
of the South Side department, is now the 
efficient general secretary, and the associa- 
tion is in a most prosperous condition. 

The result of the work in La Crosse can 
only be estimated. Briefly summarized, over 
450,000 visits by young men have been made 
to the rooms, 60,000 have attended its re- 
ligious meetings, over 500 known conversions 
reported, and scores each year kept from 
leading evil lives; hundreds have come here 
strangers and aided by the association have 
found good companions, good boarding places 
and employment; thousands of letters have 
been written, thousands of baths given, while 
free lectures, medical talks, entertainments, 
educational classes, gymnasium instructions, 
etc., etc., have all aided in rounding out a 
grand work. 



236 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



The present officers of the South Side As- 
sociation are: {'resident, E. E. Bentiey; Vice- 
President, J. T. Van Valkenberi>;; Recording 
Secretary, J. J. Hartley; Treasurer, Geo. H. 
Clark; Directors, T. B. Lawrence, J. M. 
Ilolley, C. F. Emery, I. Cuvilear, J. P. Sal- 
zer, D. H. Stowell. General Secretary, F. D. 
Hopkins. 

The officers of the North Side Association 
are: E. G. Boynton, President; W. E. Kit- 
tredge, Vice-President; K. P. Howard, Re- 
cording Secretary; T. C. Dodds, Treasurer; 
Directors, D. E. Bice, A. R. Van Mocker, I. 
Ranuin, S. A. Brown, C. C. Prescott, G. H. 
Taylor, F. C. Green, H. P. Magill, A. S. 
Sather, E. B. Nelson. 



-*5s^ 



'■@®-^ 



E*^ 



(HARLES LINSE, one of the most 
prominent agriculturists of La Crosse 
county, was born in Germany in 1835. 
His parents, William and Ida (Kuelin) Linse, 
emigrated to the United States in 1848, and 
settled in JefFt-rson county, Wisconsin, where 
they remained une year; thence they removed 
to Columbia county, near Portage, Wiscon- 
sin, and lived there until 1853, coming in 
that year to La Crosse county. Mr. Linse 
pre-empted Government land, improved it 
one year, and then sold out his claim; he 
ne.vt bought a tract of 160 acres, on which 
he and his wife lived until 1864. In that 
year tlicy gave up housekeeping and went to 
live with their children. William Linse died 
in 1873, at the age of seventy years; his wife 
died in 1871), aged seventy-nine years. They 
reared a family of five children, of whom 
Charles is the oldest; Emielie married Au- 
gust Lauderbach, and they have four chil- 
dren; Herman married Fredericka Breixze, 
and they are the parents of eight children; 
Matilda is the wife of Adolj)h Pfunt, and 



they have eight children; Frederick married 
Caroline Danz, and they have nitie children. 

Charles Linse purchased his father's prop- 
erty in 1864, and the same year was married 
to Miss Julia Tausche, a native of Austria, 
born in 1842. Her parents crossed the sea 
to America in 1855, but both are now de- 
ceased. To Mr. and Mrs. Linse were Imrii 
nine children, six of whom are livinif at the 
present time: Charles married Miss Harriet 
Relnhart, and resides in Chippewa Falls, to- 
gether with his brother William ; Valentine, 
Joseph, Anna and Ida are all at home. The 
mother of these children died in 1879, and 
three of the children died in infancy. Mr. 
Linse was tnarried a second time in 1884, to 
Miss Margueritte Pfunt, and of this union 
three children were born: Adolph, Julia and 
Matilda. 

Mr. Linse owns a good farm of 400 acres 
of finely improved land in Mormon valley, 
well fitted for carrying on the dairy business. 
He runs a dairy of about fifty cows, making 
it his business to produce the finest quality 
of butter, for which he receives the top mar- 
ket prices, both in La Crosse and St. Paul. 
In connection with his dairy he is also en- 
gaged heavily in raising hogs, selling about 
100 head annually. 

At various times Mr. Linse has held nearly 
all the offices of his township, and in 1884- 
'85 he was a member of the State Ijegislature. 
lie is president of the Farmers' La Crosse 
County Mutual Fire Insurance Company, 
which covers nearly all the farm buildings ip 
La Crosse county and four townships of Ver- 
non county. It was organized in 1875, and 
Mr. Linse has held his present office since its 
inception. Like all good citizens he is in- 
terested in the political welfare of the county 
and State and Union, and, believing the prin- 
ciples of the Republican party best suited to 
the demands of the nation, he has cast his 




Kp"iy7' ,■ Kp^"- 




/S^^if^ 




BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



237 



suffrage with that body. He and his wife 
are devout members of the Evangelical 
Lutheran Church. 



^ON. FREDERICK ALLEN COPE- 
LAND, a prominent citizen of La 
Crosse, Wisconsin, was l)orn July 14, 
1846, at Ypsilanti, Michigan, whither his 
parents, Allen A. and Mary A. (Kittridge) 
Copeland, removed about 1840 from Lowell, 
Massachusetts. In both lines of descent he 
belongs to stock of New England origin. 
His father was a merchant at Lowell and 
conducted a similar business at Ypsilanti for 
ten years, removing thence to Battle Creek, 
Michigan, and in 1853 to a farm near Paw 
Paw, Michigan. In 1860 lie went to Baraboo, 
Wisconsin, whei-e he remained until 1869, 
the date of his removal to Winona, Minne- 
sota. In 1872 he removed to Weaver, Minne- 
sota, and while a resident of that place he 
revisited his old home in Massachusetts. 
Before the end of his visit he died at Mans- 
field in November, 1882; his wife still sur- 
vives. Six of their eleven children are living: 
Edward A., George N., Frederick A., Lucius 
D., Harriett A. and Willis E. Harriett 
married Hon. A. S. Batchelor, of Littleton, 
New Hampshire, a prominent Democrat and 
at present State Historian. 

At the tender age of fifteen years Mr. 
Copeland enlisted in the service of his coun- 
try. He enrolled Decemlier 3, 1861, at 
Baraboo, Wisconsin, and was mustered in 
during the same month with Company F^ 
Third Wisconsin Yolnnteer Cavalry. In 
the spring following the regiment went to 
the front, leaving the State March 26, 1862, 
stopping at St. Louis for partial equipments 

and went thence to Kansas, arriving at Fort 
17 



Leavenworth, where horses were added to 
their outfit. 

Up to that time Mr. Copeland had acted 
as clerk for his Captain, David S. Vittum, 
who had taken a great interest in him. After 
the regiment was fully equipped, the Second 
Battalion, \inder command of Major B. S. 
Henning, was ordered to Fort Scott, Kansa'. 
In the meantime Captain Yittum was put on 
detached service at Fort Leavenworth. Mr. 
Copeland had his choice to remain with Cap- 
tain Yittum or go South with the company 
in the same capacity with Lieutenant Plows, 
who was in command. Being of an adven- 
turesome disposition he chose the latter, but 
soon found that he was not with his good 
friend, the Captain, but a would-be tyrant, 
and rather tlian be ti'eated as a servant he 
concluded to take his chances with the boys, 
returning to the ranks. 

.Fort Scott was the border of the frontier, 
and the last defense. The command there 
engaged in all sorts of frontier service, chiefly 
scattering guerrillas. Mr. Copeland was in- 
croduced to one of the worst features of war 
at Montevalio, Missouri, with the command 
of Colonel Coffee. He ne.xt had a similar 
experience in the unequal fight at Prairie 
Grove, Arkansas, December 7, 1862. where 
the Rebels, under General Hind man, were 
whipped by a Union force one-third as great 
through the prowess of Wisconsin soldiers. 
The next move of the Third was to Yan 
Buren, Arkansas, and thence to Forsyth, 
Missouri, encountering before reaching Yan 
Buren a force of Texas Rangers, whom they 
scattered while taking their breakfast. Mr. 
Copeland lost his horse, and had to substitute 
an old mule, which he bought for ten dollars. 
Thus mounted he started with his command, 
and had the distinction of always bringing 
the rear at night, and received the title of 
' Balaam. At Yan Buren they burned several 



238 



BIOOliAPlIICAL HISTORT. 



stecamers belonging to tlie Rebels going up 
to Arkansas with siipplie?. They went from 
there to Forsyth, and thence to Salem, Mis- 
souri, sending impediments by way of Spring- 
field. In the spring of 18G3 they went to 
Fort Scott, and Companies A, C, D and E 
remained there until the spring of 1865 
guarding the outposts of the frontier aud 
scouting between Missouri, Kansas and the 
Indian Territory. Soon after arriving at Fort 
Scott Mr. Copeland was detailed as Chief 
Clerk at General C. W. Blair's headquarters. 
January 4, 1861, he veteranized and took 
veteran furlough. In the fall he was relieved 
of detached duty to become Commissary Ser- 
geant of his company, which he joined at 
Camp Insley, seventeen miles east of Fort 
Scott in Missouri. At the reorganization of 
the regiment in the spring of 1865, Com- 
pany A was made Company K, and Mr. 
Copeland was commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenant, to date from April. In June follow- 
ing Companies F and K were sent to Fort 
Leavenworth, and on arrival there were or- 
dered to Marysville, Kansas, and remained 
there protecting and escorting Government 
trains. Mr. Copeland was made Quarter- 
master of the battalion. In October the regi- 
ment was ordered to Madison, and the sol- 
diers were mustered out October 23, 1865. 

Four sons of Allen A. Copeland proved 
their right to their inheritance by fighting in 
the war of the rebellion: W. H. Copeland 
enlisted in June, 1861, in Company A, Sixth 
Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, and fought 
with the Iron Brigade until the battle of 
Antietam, where he received a fatal wound, 
dying in the afternoon of September 17, and 
was buried on the field; Edward A. was with 
Kit Carson in the Third New Mexico Cav- 
alry, and George N. was with the Army of 
the Tennessee. 

After his return home, Mr. Copeland ob- 



tained a position in a dry-goods store, and 
passed three years as a clerk at Baraboo. He 
started for Winona, Minnesota, stopped at 
La Crosse, and here chanced to meet Captain 
I. 11. Moulton, who had just been appointed 
agent of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Faul 
Railroad, to whom he applied in vain for a 
position; but a week after his arrival in 
Winona he received a telegram summoning 
him to La Crosse to the employ of the rail- 
way company. His head fell in the autumn 
of 1890, when the force was reduced, as he 
was one of the youngest employes. But 
Captain Moulton had become interested in 
him, and obtained for him a position with 
the Southern Minnesota Railway, where he 
was occupied until the spring of 1871, when 
he entered the employ of Hart & Norton, 
dealers in agricultural implements. 

In December, 1871, he was selected out 
of fifteen applicants as bookkeeper of the La 
Crosse Lumber Company, of which Governor 
C. C. Washburne was president. In 1875 
Governor Washburne purchased the interests 
of the other stockholders, and in the fall of 
1880 directed Mr. Copeland to go to the 
woods and take charge of putting in a large 
tract of timber. Never having done anything 
of the kind, Mr. Copeland ask for instruction, 
and what be should do when he arrived on 
the spot. The Governor's reply was: '' Yon 
go up and find out for yourself, and if you 
do not find any thing to do, 1 shall have no 
further use for your services;" and it turned 
out to be the most valuable incident of his 
whole life. In the following spring he re- 
ported to the Giivernor the exact price per 
thousand it cost for labor, to feed the men, 
and to feed the teams. This so pleased the 
Governor that he placed Mr. Copeland in 
charge of his lumber interests at La Crosse. 

After the death of Governor Washburne 
in 1882, he received instruction from the 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



239 



executors of the estate to continue in full 
cliarge of all the late owner's lumbering in- 
terests. By the terms of the will the estate 
was to be settled in five years, and during tlie 
interim the interests under Mr. Copeland's 
contract made a net showing of $300,000 
above appraised valuation. In April, 1887, 
the executors submitted to Mr. Copehmd a 
proposition to purchase the mill property, 
which he finally accepted with much reluc- 
tance, and was successful. The capacity of 
his mill is 200,000 feet of lumber, 125,000 
shingles and 40,000 laths. The mill contains 
one circular and one band mill and one im- 
proved Wick gauge. In 1892 he controls 
about 125,000.000 feet of pine stiimpage. 

Mr. Copeland was named in the will of 
Governor Washburne as one of the trustees 
of the public library founded by him, and 
to the efforts of Mr. Copeland are largely due 
the completion of the library building, its 
attractive style of architecture and its ar- 
rangements. 

Early in 1887 he organized a stock com- 
pany for the purpose of putting in an Edison 
incandescent electric-light plant, and he was 
made president. Under his management the 
platit has increased from 2,000 lamps in 1887 
to over 8,000 in 1892. He is also a director 
in the Batavian Bank, the Exchancre State 
Baidc, the Brush Electric Light Company, 
the La Crosse Gas Light Company and La 
Crosse Theater Company. He has in every 
possible manner fostered the public enter- 
prises of La Crosse, and, with other citizens 
equally interested, he has aided in securing 
for the city one of the finest opera-houses in 
Wisconsin. 

He has also made a record in the Wiscon- 
sin National Guard; he has an executive 
ability which is exercised in all his relations, 
and in connection with the militia of which 
the Badger State boasts he has sustained his 



reputation. In 1878, when the La Crosse 
Light Guards were organized, he was made 
Third Sergeant, and August 22, 1879, was 
elected Second Lieutenant by unanimous 
choice, and was commissioned by the Gov- 
ernor. June 17, 1881, he was promoted to 
a Captaincy, and in June, 1884, his connec- 
tion with the Light Guards ceased through 
his appointment on tlie staff of Governor 
Rusk, with the rank of Colonel, and was 
assigned to duty as Assistant Inspector Gen- 
eral of the W. N. G. On the expiration of 
the term of that official, in 1889, he tendered 
his resignation. 

He is a Mason, belongs to the Republican 
party, and is a member of the G. A. R. and 
of the Loyal Legion. In the spring of 1891 
his friends, much against his will, induced 
him to make the run for Mayor of La Crosse. 
His party being considerably in the minority, 
the outlook was not very encouraging, but he 
managed to win the race, he being the only 
Republican elected on the city ticket. 

Mr. Copeland was married in 1874 to Cora, 
daughter of Colonel Theodore and Marie A. 
Rodolf. Two children have been born to 
them: Marie Louisa, August 7, 1875, and 
Irene, March 15, 1877. 



fOSEPH POEHLING was born in La 
Crosse, Wisconsin, September 23, 1859, 
son of Herman and Annie Poehling, 
natives of the province of Westfoelen, Ger- 
many. His father, a carpenter and mill- 
wright, came to America when a young man 
and settled in Rock Island, where he spent a 
few years and where he was married. He 
came to La Crosse about 1852 and made his 
home here until his death, which occurred in 
1863. He left a widow, four sons and one 
daughter. The latter, Louisa, married Cas- 



240 



BIOOKAI'IIICAL IJISTOR Y. 



par Crockelhauer, and died without issue. 
The sons, Herman, Joseph, John and Henry, 
are all residents of La Crosse. 

Tlie subject of our sketcli jj^rew to man- 
hood in the city of liis nativity, obtained a 
fair schooling, and at the age of seventeen 
began to learn the tinner's trade in the shop 
of Vincent Tausche, with whom he has since 
continued, with the exception of one year 
spent with Dittraan & Jorsted. He was 
married in La Crosse to Miss Annie Steelier, 
a native of Milwaukee and a daughter of 
Charles Steelier, a merciiant tailor. They 
have two sons and one daughter living: An- 
nie Louisa, Kdward William and Rubert 
William, and an infant son deceased. Mr. 
Poehlinj; and his wife are both reifular com- 
municants of the St. Joseph congregation, 
Iloiuan Catholic Church. He is a iii nnber 
of St Htm i face Aid Society. 

As an honorable and upright man Mr. 
Poehling has the respect and confidence of 
his fellow-citizens. He is Supervisor of the 
First Ward of La Crosse. 

ILLIAM EDWIN DAVIS, County 
(Merk of La Crosse county, was born 
"i in Cardiganshire, Wales, June 2, 184:9, 
and was reared in Covington, Kentucky, his 
parents being Thomas and Sarah (Jenkins) 
Davis. Ilia father was a pattern -inaker by 
occupation. On both sides the ancestors of 
Mr. Davis were ciiaracterized by well devel- 
oped physical frames. In 1850 the parents 
emigrated to this country, landing at New 
York and settling at Covington, Kentucky, 
where they had two sons and a daughter. 
After the war they moved to Wisconsin, set- 
tling where they now reside, in La Crosse 
county. 

Mr. Davis, the subject of this sketch, in 




his youth engaged in steamboating on the 
Ohio and Mississippi rivers, running from 
Pittsburg to New Orleans, and in 1866 came 
to Wisconsin, first locating in Farmington 
township. La Crosse county, but followed 
steamboating on the Mississippi, during the 
season of navigation, until 1886. He has 
served as Treasurer of his township and Di- 
rector of the school board, and was finally 
elected to his present position, already named. 
He was married in La Crosse, to Katie 
Barclay, a native of Scotland and a daughter 
of Andrew and Jenette Barclay, and they 
have two sons, — Thomas and John. Mr. and 
Mrs. Davis worship at the Presbyterian 
church. 



-^^ S'T - S 

fACOB HUBERT GRATES, proprietor 
of the Park Saloon and Summer Garden, 
was born August 1, 1848, at Ileinslierg, 
Province of the Rhine, Prussia, the son of 
John Hubert and Elizabeth (Fabre) Grates. 
His father, a baker by trade, came in 1864 to 
America, locating at Cashka, Minnesota, and 
afterward at Long Prairie, same State, where 
he died in 1874 or '75, and was buried in the 
Catholic cemetery. His wife died in 1878, 
in Wyckoff, Minnesota, and is buried beside 
her husband. They were both in full com- 
munion with the Catholic Church. By their 
death they left three sons and three daughters: 
Leonard, a mason, contractor and builder of 
Cashka; Hubertina, wife of John Hofer. a 
fruit-raiser of Anaheim, California; Jacob 
Hubert, the subject of this sketch; Conrad, a 
resident of St. Paul, Minnesota; Helena, the 
wife of Joseph Fitzthum, a saddler and har- 
ness-maker of Austin, Minnesota; and Mary, 
the wife of John Eickstadt, of Grand Meado.w, 
Minnesota. 

Mr. Grates, our subject, followed farming 



BIOGRAPSWAL HISTORF. 



241 



at Long Prairie until 1884, when he came to 
La Crosse, and at length eu<j;a<jed in the 
saloon business, in which lie is doing well. 
He built the store which he now occupies, 
and has since added to and improved it. He 
is serving his first term as Supervisor, now 
representing the Eieventli Ward. He is a 
member of St. Boniface Society (benevolent), 
and also of the Concordia Society, and both 
himself and wife are members of the Catholic 
Church. 

He was married in 1878, at La Crosse, to 
Miss Anna Hofer, a native of La Crosse 
county, and a daughter of Joseph and Clara 
Hofer, lately deceased, of Onalaska. They 
have one son and three daugiiters, namely: 
Joseph, Mary, Cecelia and Emma. 



fOSEPH MORAN", West Salem, Wiscon- 
sin. — Among the many prominent agri- 
culturists now residing in La Crosse 
county, Wisconsin, stands the name of Joseph 
Moran, who was born in County Donegal, 
Ireland, May 8. 1821. His parents, Alex- 
ander and Mary (Thompson) Moran, natives 
also of Ireland, are both deceased. 

Mr. Moran came to New York in 1839, 
and there followed the mercantile business 
for seventeen years. In 1856 he came to 
La Crosse, Wisconsin, where he resided two 
years. In 1858 he bought a farm of 160 
acres in the town of Barre, where he has since 
resided. Mr. Moran has been an industrious 
farmer and has been repeatedly honored with 
the various offices of his town and has tilled 
them in a most satisfactory manner. In 
politics he is a Whig Democrat, and believes 
in free trade. 

He was married in 1844 to Miss Catherine 
Kegan, a native of Ireland. They have had 
ten children. Mary married Peter Sparling, 



and died January 13, 1882; Alexander mar- 
ried Miss Saunders, of River Fails, Wisconsin; 
Joseph, Jr., married MissStevens,ofLaCrosse; 
Sitnuel Wilson; Catlierine Jane, died No- 
vember 4, 1889; Francis died July 10, 1857; 
William; James Henry; Zaida Elizabeth 
married Frank Leete, and died April 9, 1884; 
and Charles Boyd . 

Mr. and Mrs. Moran, with all their chil- 
dren, are zealous members of tlie Episcopal 
Church, and are classed among the best citi- 
zens of the county. Mr. and Mrs. Moran are 
still both " hale and hearty," after their many 
years of pioneer life, and bid fair to enjoy 
the fruits of their labors for many years to 
come. 



fSENRY ESMILLER, farmer, Barre Mills, 
Wisconsin. — It is doubtless owing en- 
^^l| tirely to the industrious and persevering 
manner with which Mr. Esmiiler has adhered 
to the pursuit of agriculture and stock- 
raising that he has risen to sucii a substantial 
position in farm affairs in this county. His 
parents, Fred and Mary (Linderkamp) Es- 
miiler, were natives of Germany, and there 
the father tilled the soil all his life. Of the 
eight children born to this union, only our 
subject and one sister came to this country. 
The parents died in their native country. In 
1866 Henry Esmiiler crossed the ocean to 
America and first worked in a sawmill in 
Chippewa county, Wisconsin. Later he 
worked on farms in La Crosse county, and in 
1873 he bought his present place of 260 acres 
where he has resided ever since. He was 
married in 1873 to Mrs. Mary Miller, 
widow of Fred Miller, by whom she had 
six children, four sons and two daugh- 
ters. Fred, one of the sons, married Miss 
Anne Sandmann, and now resides in Kan- 



242 



DIOOBAPHIGAL U I STORY. 



sas; Deidrich married Miss Sophia Knt- 
teliiianii, and now resides in La Crosse 
county; Sopliia became the wife of Fred 
Kuttelmann, and resides in La Crosse county ; 
Henry married Sophia Sandmann,and makes 
his home in Kansas; Dorette became the wife 
of George Sprain, and resides in Bostwick 
valley; and William, at home. Mr. Esmiller 
arrived in La Crosse in the winter of 1866, 
with only $8 capital, but by his energy and 
push has accumulated a comfortable compe- 
tency for his declining years. He belongs to 
the Freethinkers' Society of Bostwick Val- 
ley. He has held a number of local positions 
in the township, Supervisor for five years and 
assessor nearly as long, and filled those ofiices 
in a manner satisfactory to his constituents. 
He may well be classed as one of the best 
citizens of tlie town, for he shares the respect 
and confidence of his fellow men. He is 
independent in politics, supporting the men 
and measures he considers best for his town 
and State. On his large, well improved farm, 
he has a commodious two-story brick resi- 
dence, large basement barns and other con- 
venient out-buildings. He raises good crops 
and in connection with his farming interest 
is engaged in stock-raising; He keeps 
graded cattle, eight horses, etc. 



-»J^ 



JTIKLING W. BROWN, editor and 
])roprietor of the West Salem Journal, 
and Notary Public, was born in La 
Crosse county, July 12, 1856. His parents, 
John and Elizabeth (Brown) Brown, were 
born, reared and married in Scotland. In 
1856 they emigrated to America, and after 
their arrival in the ITnited States located in 
La Crosse county, Wisconsin. The father 
had been engaged in mercantile pursuits in 
Scotland. He purchased a farm of 160 acres 



in La Crosse valley. In 1875 he removed to 
West Salem, retiring from active labor. His 
death occurred August 10, 1881, aged seventy 
years. He and his wife were both members 
of the Congregational Church. Mrs. Brown 
still survives, at the age of seventy-nine 
years. 

Stirling W. Brown is one of a family of 
nine children, six of whom are living. 
Thomas S., tlie oldest son, went to California 
in 1858 and was engaged in mining there 
until the beginning of the civil war, when he 
enlisted in the Union ranks and served four 
years; John A. enlisted in Company B, 
Second Wisconsin Cavalry, and did valiant 
service for a period of four years; he is now 
a resident of Cottonwood county, Minnesota, 
and was elected Auditor in 1890. Our sub- 
ject was educated in the common schools of 
La Crosse county, and was engaged in teach- 
ing for a period of seven terms, gaining an 
enviable reputation as an educator. In 1884, 
during the Blaine campaign, he was employed 
on the RejnM'tcan Leader of La Crosse, and 
worked on this paper until December, 1888, 
when he purchased the West ^^^leia Journal. 
This paper was founded in 1886, and has 
flourished since its inception. It is a read- 
able sheet, devoted to the best interests of 
the county, and is well patronized. 

Mr. Brown was elected Justice of the 
Peace in 1891, the term of ofKce being two 
years. He is librarian of the Hamilton 
Library Association, and has given most cor- 
dial support to this organization. In his 
printing-office he does all kinds of job work 
in the most approved style, being thoroughly 
equipped for lirst-class work. 

He was married in 1889 to Miss Julia 
Larson, who died October 13, 1891. One 
son was born of this union, September 16, 
1891, named Julian. Mr. Brown is a mem- 



BIOGRAPHIOAL HISTORY. 



24S 



ber of the Knights of Pythias, and affiliates 
with the Republican party, casting his first 
vote in 1880, for James A. Garfield. 



^ 



^•^-^^^ 



fOHN A. MILLEU, a progressive and 
highly respected citizen of La Crosse, is 
descended from a long line of German 
ancestors who were well versed in the art of 
building. His parents, Caspar and Susanna 
(Ginsbach) Miller, were natives of Germany, 
their name being originally Mueller. The 
father was a contractor and builder, and was 
educated for this occupation in the polytech- 
nic schools of his native country. In 1853 
he emigrated to America and spent the first 
year of his residence in this country in IN'ew 
Orleans. He then came to Dubuque, Iowa, 
and the year following was married. In 
1856 he came to La Crosse, and was a well- 
known figure in building circles until his 
death, which occurred August 10, 1887. 
His ancestors for many generations were of 
the Roman Catholic faith, and he was a full 
communicant of the church. His burial 
service was conducted by the societies to 
which he belonged: St. Joseph's Benevolent 
Society, St. Joseph's Casino, and the La 
Crosse Diocesan Life Insurance Society, of 
which he was a foundei". He was of a re- 
tiring disposition, but gave a cordial support 
to those institutions which were for the bene^ 
fit of the entire community. His widow died 
September 24, 1891, and four sons and a 
daughter are living. 

John A. Miller received a good education 
in the public schools, and when he came to 
select a vocation for life he chose that of his 
father. The date of his birth is December 
31, 1857, and the place La Crosse. It was 
not until 1881 that he joined his father in 
business. They were connected with the 



erection of many prominent buildings of 
this city, and since the father's death Mr. 
Miller has conducted a prosperous business. 
He has taken an active part in many of the 
public movements of the city and county, and 
was one of the early promoters of the Ijuild- 
ers' Exchange, one of the largest and most 
potent organizations in the city. He is a 
member of the Catholic Knights of Wiscon- 
sin, of St. Joseph's Benevolent Society, of 
St. Joseph's Casino, and of the La Crosse 
Diocesan Life Insurance Company. 

Mr. Miller was united in marriage to Miss 
Minnie Ritter, a native of Pittsburgh, Penn- 
sylvania, and a daughter of Henry Ritter, of 
the firm of Voight & Ritter, manufacturers 
of carriages and wagons. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Miller have been born three children: Alfred, 
and two sons who died in childhood. 



/^EORGE H. YARRINGTON, one of the 
flW pioneer settlers of La Crosse county, 
^^ was born in Steuben county, New York, 
in 1841, a son of William and Amanda 
(Nolan) Yarrington, natives of Pennsylvania 
and New York respectively. The father was a 
wagon maker by trade, and in 1851 he remov- 
ed to the West, settling at Watertown, Wis- 
consin; there he followed his trade until 1862, 
when he was eny)loyed as a teamster in the 
army for one year; at the end of this period 
he was discharged on account of disability. 
After his return he engaged in the business 
of building, which he followed until his death 
in 1887; he was seventy-seven years old, and 
his wife still survives, aged seventy years. 
George H. lived with his father until 1862, a 
blacksmith by trade, and then enlisted in the 
Twenty-ninth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, 
and went out in defense of his country's flag; 
he had been in the service nine months when 



344 



BIOGIUJ'JJWAL UlSTOUY. 



lie was discliarged on account of ill health. 
He came back to his home, and as soon as he 
was able he began driving an omnibus in La 
Crosse; this lie contimied two years, and then 
entered the employ of the Chicago, Milwaukee 
& St. Paul Railroad Company; he was in 
their yards for fourteen years, and then went 
into the train service, filling this position for 
seven years; he was transferred to a way- 
freight train, and has filled this position for 
three years. He is highly valued by the 
officials of the road, and his conscientious 
service has been fully appreciated. 

Mr. Yarrington was married May 10, 1870, 
to Miss Louisa, a daughter of Isaac and 
Polly L. (Austin) Dolphin; the father died 
May 16, 1870, aged fifty-si.\ years; his wife 
survives him, and makes her home with her 
son-in-law; she is seventy-four years old, and 
is well preserved both in body and mind. 
Mr. and Mrs. Yarrington have had born to 
them six children, four of whom are living: 
Jasper H , Myrtle L.,Mary Louiea and Mabel 
E.; the parents wei-e sadly bereaved in the 
death of tlieir two sons, George Lucius and 
Albert Clyde, aged four and eight years re- 
spectively. The father and mother are devout 
members of the J>a])tist Church, also the son 
and two daughters. Mr. Yarrington belongs 
to John Fiynn Post, No. 77, G. A. R., and 
his wife is president of the Woman's Relief 
Corps, having been elected to that office at 
the first of the year. Jasper H. Yarrington 
is a member of the Sons of Veterans. 

— ^- ^s .. ; - ^ .^ — 



|OCKWELL E. OSBORNE, of the firm 
of Edwards & Osborne, La Crosse, Wis- 
consin, is a native of the Empire State. 
He was the son of Jonathan Willis Osborne 
and Alma li. (Denison) Osborne, both natives 
of New York State, and was born at Nelson, 



Madison county, New York, January 23, 
1812. The fatiier was by occupation a farmer. 
Grandhitbcr Jonathan Osborne was a native 
of Connecticut and a descendant of an Eng- 
lish family who made settlement in that 
State in early Colonial times. About 1810 
or 1811 he removed from Connecticut to the 
central part of New York State, then a new 
country. He settled in Nelson, Madison 
county, where he lived until his death, which 
occurred in 181;3, at the age of seventy-si.K 
years. He was a man of strict integrity, an 
adherent to the Presbyterian faith, and was 
the father of fifteen children, nearly all of 
whom grew to manhood. 

The father of our subject was one of the 
youngest of these children. While absent 
from home on business he was taken ill and 
died at Groton, Tompkins county. New York, 
November 19, 1850, at the age of thirty-six 
years. He left to mourn his loss a widow, 
three sons and one daughter. The subject of 
this sketch is the oldest of these children. 
In 1858 the family came West and located at 
La Crosse, where they still remain except the 
youngest son, who is a member of the pros- 
perous firm of Osborne & McMillan grain 
dealers of Minneapolis, Minnesota. 

Rockwell E. taught school from the time 
he was eighteen until he was twenty-three 
years of ago. In the meantime he served as 
a private in Company L) of the Fourteenth 
Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. He was en- 
gaged in the battle of Shiloh, and was dis- 
charged for disability in August, 1862. In 
1864 be assisted in the organization of Com- 
pany G of the Fortieth Wisconsin Volunteer 
Infantry and did service in Tennessee. After 
retiring from the teacher's desk, Mr. Osborne 
was engaged in various interests of a clerical 
nature until May, 1879, when he joined Mr. 
B. E. Edwards in the lumber business, which 
they continued until 1887, when they dis- 





'^c^,-^-^ 




i;z^^ ^t- 




' '^^sc^-^'-'^i^'^'''^ 



BIOGHAPHICAL HISTORY. 



245 



posed of it, and engaged in other and varied 
interests. 

Mr. Oshorne was married in La Crosse, 
August 17. 1870, to Miss Louise L. Ober, 
daughter of Levi E. Ober, M. D. She was 
born in Painesville, Ohio, and is a graduate 
of Mt. Holyoke Female Seminary. Her 
father was a native of Vermont. He came 
to La Crosse in 1857, and was an active and 
useful man, in his profession, a public- 
spirited citizen, a devout Christian, and a 
faithful member of the Baptist Church. He 
died in 1881. 

Mr. and Mrs. Osborne have one daughter, 
Ella Louise, a student of Mt. Holyoke Col- 
lege, South Hadley, Massachusetts, a bright 
and promising young lady. 

Mr. Osborne is a trustee of the First 
Methodist Episcopal Church of La Crosso. 
He is also a member of the Nineteenth Cen- 
tury Club, and of the Hamilton Club of that 
city. 



IGHT REV. FATHER JAMES 

SCHWEBACH, Bishop of the Diocese 
of La Crosse, was born in the Grand 
Duchy of Luxemburg, Germany, August 15, 
1847. His parents were pious German 
people, and he was early educated in the 
principles of the Roman Catholic Church, to 
the interests and advancement of which he 
has thus far devoted his life. While yet a 
youth in his 'teens, he finished a collegiate 
course of study in Luxemburg, where he be- 
came proficient in the French and German 
languages. He emigrated to America in 
1864 during the trying times of the civil 
war, and entered St. PVaiicis Seminary at 
Milwaukee, where he studied philosophy and 
theology for five years. Being a young man 
of rare intelligence and tine mental endow- 



ments, he was graduated from this seat of 
learning at the age of twenty -one years. Too 
young for ordination, he was sent to La Crosse 
as a sub-deacon, where he performed such 
duties as his otiice required. For one year 
previous to his ordination he preached regu- 
larly in three different languages, English, 
German and French. He was ordained a 
priest on the- feast of Corpus Christi at St. 
Paul, by Bishop Grace, in 1870, and was then 
appointed pastor of St. Mary's Church, La' 
Crosse, which position he held to the time of 
his elevation to the episcopacy. In 1882 he 
was appointed Vicar-General of the Diocese 
of La Crosse, a position of honor and responsi- 
bility, and at the death of F'ather Flasch was 
appointed administrator of the diocese. 

Being of a studious disposition and owning 
a fine, well-selected library. Right Rev. 
Father Schwebach devotes much of his time 
to reading. 

On the 30th day of November, 1891, he 
was appointed liishop of the Diocese of La 
Crosse. The interesting announcement was 
received by the candi'date at Prairie du Chien, 
Sunday, December 13, 1891, while in the act 
of blessing the new church at that place. 
The official letter announcing his promotion 
was received by Right Rev. Father Schwebach 
through the Archbishop at Milwaukee, to 
whom it was addressed by the Pope. He 
was consecrated on the 25th of February, 
just twenty-three years from the day of his 
arrival in La Crosse. 

The selection is a wise one, and will give 
general satisfaciion, as the newly appointed 
Bishop is thorouglily conversant with the 
business of the Diocese, and is loved and re- 
spected by the clergy and laity tiierein. h\ 
manner he is quiet and unobtrusive, possess- 
ing a most amiable ciiaracter. As a spiritual 
superior he has always been a mild, yet firm 
and just ruler. The people of La Crosse, 



246 



BIOGRAPHICAL Ul STORY. 



who have known liiin for a quarter of a cen- 
tury, speak of him in the highest terms, as a 
Christian gentleman, and congratulate iiira 
upon the distinguished honors recently con- 
ferred upon him. 



NATHANIEL FREY, who is in the em- 
ploy of the Chicago, Burlington & 
Northern Railroad Company, and lias 
been for many years connected with railroad 
work in the West, was born at Erie, Pennsyl- 
vania, in the year 1850, the oldest son of 
Isaac and Anna (Klein) Frey, both natives of 
Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. The fatlier 
is a direct descendant of the Frey family that 
emigrated to Lancaster county from Holland 
in 1687; they are one of the most widely and 
favorably known families in tiiat county. 
Isaac Frey was a merchant at Erie until 1870, 
when lie retired from active pursuits; he is 
now living on a farm in Bow creek, Arkansas. 

Nathaniel Frey acquired liis education in 
the public schools of his native city; theti lie 
took a business college course, after wliich lie 
served an apprenticeship in a machine shop 
at Erie. 

In 1871 1 Mr. Frey was married to Miss 
Sopha Hans, a daughter of Adam Hans, a 
merciiant tailor of that city, wiio died in 
1887. When Mr. Frey became a master 
machinist, he moved to Davenport, Iowa, 
where he was employed as foreman of the 
Laclair Iron Works, He also had ciiarge of 
the water-works until 1874, after which lie 
accepted a position as pit boss for the Rock 
Island Company. During the construction 
of the Northern Pacific Road, he accepted 
a position as general foreman of tiie shops 
at Fargo, North Dakota. In 1886 he entered 
tlie employ of the Chicago, Burlington & 
Northern Railroad Company, and was located 



at Savanna, Illinois, where he had charge of 
the round-house, and was general foreman of 
the Savanna division. In 1889 he was trans- 
ferred from Savanna to La Crosse, Wisconsin, 
where lie now holds the position of general 
foreman. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Frey have been born two 
daughters: Cora Belle and Eva. The parents 
are devout members of the Baptist Church. 
Mr. Frey belongs to the Masonic order, and 
has filled many important offices of that 
fraternity. He is an ardent believer in the 
principles of the Republican party, and sup- 
ports the issues of that body. 

l - h * { • % ">' 



|EY. FATHER A. J. JOERRES, pastor 
of St. Nicholas' Catiiolic Church, corner 
of Thirteenth and South Park streets, is 
a native of Dueren, near Cologne, Germany, 
born July 12, 1862. He was educated at the 
gymnasium in Dueren, but received his theo- 
logical training in America, at St. Francis' 
Seminary, Milwaukee. He was ordained a 
priest by the Right Rev. Bishop Flascb, in 
St. Joseph's Cathedral, La Crosse, June 29, 
1885, and was assigned to duty as assistant 
to Father Thomas Kelly at Hudson, Wiscon- 
sin, where he remained nine months, at St. 
Patrick's Church. Thence he was removed to 
Colby, Clark county, where he had charge of 
St. Kilian's" Church until May 1, 1891. He 
was then assigned to duty as pastor of St. 
Nicholas' Church at La Crosse. 

St. Nicholas' Church has 115 families in 
the congregation. A parochial school is con- 
ducted by the Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual 
Adoration during ten months of the year; tlie 
school is held on the first floor of the church, 
and in 1891, 105 children were enrolled. Tiie 
present building being inadequate to the needs 
of the congregation, the erection of a larger 



BIOGRAPniGAL HIHTORY. 



%in 



edilice is in contemplation. The instruction 
of the school is in the English language, but 
the children are taught to read, write, and 
spell in German; the course comprises the 
common-school branches, the catechism and 
Bible history. 



►iM^ 



fOHN STEPHENSON is a gentleman of 
thorough experience in real-estate, both 
as a means of speculation and permanent 
investment, and his long experience has 
proved of inestimable value not alone to him- 
self but to his numerous patrons, and for 
soundness of judgment and keen appreciation 
of relative values, both present and future, he 
is acknowledged to have no superior in La 
Crosse. He was born in Norway July 5, 
1848, a son of Matthew Stephenson and grand- 
son of Carl Stephenson, the latter of whom 
removed from England to Norway, where he 
became very wealthy. Matthew is a farmer 
of New Amsterdam, Wisconsin. John first 
attended school in Norway, and later en- 
tered college at Holstein, Germany, where 
he remained several years and acquired a 
thorough knowledge of the German language. 
He then followed merchandising for some 
time, but in 1867 came to Aitierica and set- 
tled at La Crosse, Wisconsin, but soon opened 
a hotel at Onalaska, which he ably conducted 
from 1870 to 1872. For some time there- 
after his attention was given to the building 
and loan business, after which, until 1880, he 
was on a farm. From 1880 to 1882 he con- 
ducted a hotel in La Crosse, in addition to 
managing his farm, but sold out his liostelry 
in 1882 and returned to his farm. After 
disposing of his farm in 1885 he purchased 
property in North La Crosse, upon which lie 
built a pleasant and very comfortable resi- 
dence the same year. He at the same time 



started in the real-estate business and has 
advantageously disposed of thoiisands of lots, 
besides houses, stores, etc., and has bnilt over 
fifty-one houses. He erected four store 
buildings in 1891, and has been very active 
in his endeavors to build up North La Crosse. 
He and his son Henry conduct a store of 
gents' and ladies' furnishings, and also keep a 
large supply of dry goods and clothing. Mr. 
Stephenson has held the office of Notary Pub- 
lic the past three years and does a good busi- 
ness in that line. He fills out deeds, mort- 
gages and all legal papers, and in the real- 
estate business he negotiates loans and insures. 
He rents houses, and at the present writing 
controls forty-two houses in the rentals, al- 
though he has had as high as 100 at one time. 

He was married in 1868 to Anna U. Mun- 
son, a native of Norway, who came to Amer- 
ica in 1867. Her mother is a resident of 
Onalaska, and is sixty-eight years of age. 
Her father died in 1881, aged about sixty, 
from the kick of a horse which he was shoeing, 
he being a blacksmith by occupation. Mrs. 
Stephenson was the second in a family of 
eight children, five of whom are living in La 
Crosse. Mr. and Mrs. Stephenson have a 
family of twelve children, seven of whom died 
young. Those living are: Henry, a merchant 
of La Crosse; Wilhelmina, a fine pianist and 
a successful music teacherof North La Crosse; 
Axtel, a good musician and one of the finest 
performers in the Juvenile Band; Mayer and 
Ludwick. Both parents are members of the 
Norwegian Lutheran Church, and in politics 
he is an active worker for the Republican 
party, although not an office-seeker. 

OST REV. MICHAEL HEISS, 
First Bishop of La Crosse and Sec- 
ond Archbishop of Milwaukee, was 
born in Pfahldorf, Bavaria, April 12, 1818, 




24J 



BIOORAPHICAL HlSTORr. 



and entering the Latin school at the age of 
nine was graduated with distinction at the 
gymnasium of Newburg in 1835. lie first 
studied law, but, feeling called to the service 
of God, went through a theological course in 
the University of Municii, where Goerre^, 
Mochler and DoUinger were his professors. 
He then entered the ecclesiastical seminary 
at Eichstadt, and was ordained by Cardinal 
Reisach, October 18, 1840. He received a 
curacy, but came to the United States in 
1843, and was appointed to the Church of 
the Mother of God, in Covington, Kentucky. 
On the appointment of Dr. Henui to Mil- 
waukee, Rev. Mr. Heiss accompanied him, 
acting as secretary, and doing mission work 
for fifty miles north of that city. He founded 
St. Mary's Church in 1846; but his health 
failed and he spent two years in Europe. 
On his return he became president of tlie 
Saiesianum, and by learned theological works 
showed his ability and erudition. On the 
division of the diocese he was selected for the 
see of La Crosse, and consecrated September 
6, 1868. The diocese which embraces that 
portion of the State lying north and west of 
the Wisconsin river had a French settlement 
at Prairie du Chien as early as about 1689. 
In the present century it was first visited by 
a priest in 1817, and the corner-stone of a 
church was laid in 1839. Under the admin- 
istration of Bishop Ilenni religion had made 
such progress in this part of the State that 
the new diocese of La Crosse contained forty 
churches, attended by fifteen priests. Bishop 
Heiss proceeded to carry forward tiie good 
work; he established Franciscan Sisters at 
La Crosse, and their mother-house soon sup- 
plied teachers for twenty-five parochial 
schools and two asylums. The Chiistian 
Brothers opened St. John's Hospital at 
Prairie du Chien, and the School Sisters of 
Notre Dame had excellent schools under 



their care. At the end of ten years the dio- 
cese of La Crosse had thirty-si.x churches 
with resident pastors, fifty others regularly 
visited, forty priests, and forty-five Catholics. 

When the failing health of Archbishop 
Henni required the aid of a more vigorous 
prelate. Bishop Heiss was promoted to the 
see of Adrianople, March 14, 1880, and ap- 
pointed coadjutor. The whole administra- 
tion of Milwaukee diocese soon devolved 
upon him, and on the death of Archbishop 
Henni he became second archbishop of that 
see. As theoloi^ian Dr. Heiss took an active 
part in the councils of St. Louis and the 
Second Plenary Council of Baltimore. He 
attended the Vatican Council in 1869-70, 
and was appointed by Pope Pius IX. a mem- 
ber of one of the four great commissions, 
each being composed of twelve bishops, rep- 
resenting all parts of the world. 

The pallium was conferred on Archbishop 
Heiss in his cathedral, on the 23d of April, 
1882. On the 3d of June in the following 
year he laid the corner-stone of a new cathe- 
dra], a building to be worthy of the great 
and flourishing diocese. He attended the 
Third Plenary Council of Baltimore in 
November, 1884. 

Bishop Heiss died at St. Francis Hospital, 
La Crosse, March 27, 1890, and his remains 
were taken to Milwaukee and interred in the 
vault at St. Francis Seminary. 

CATHOLICISM IN LA CKOSSE. 

The first priest residing in La Crosse, Rev. 
W. Tappert, held divine services in the city 
August 24, 1855; the meetings were held in 
private liouses in the beginning, and later 
on in the courthouse. Rev. Father Garlier, 
the French pastor at Prairie du Chien, had 
occasionally visited the place previous to the 
coming of Father Tappert. 

The first Catholic Church in La Crosse 



BIOORAPHWAL BISTORT. 



249 



was built by Father Tappert, and was dedi- 
cated just one year after his coining, August 
24, 1856. The people were poor but con- 
tributed liberally to the erection of the 
modest structure which was called St. Mary's 
Church, and intended to accommodate all the 
Catholics in La Crosse county. What is now 
the city of La Crosse had then about twenty- 
five Catholic families. One of the pastors 
of St. Mary's Church, Kev. M. M. Marco, 
was chosen by Governor Fairchild as a dele- 
gate of the State of Wisconsin to the Paris 
Exposition in 1877. 

A Sisters' school was opened here in 1856. 
In 1863 the German-speaking Catholics built 
a church on the southwest corner of Sixth 
and Main streets. The Sisters' school was 
moved into this building. In tlie same year, 
that is, 1863, the nuinljer of Catholics hav- 
ing materially increased, it was thought best 
to divide the one large congregation into 
two, according to languages, St. Mary's re- 
taining all the English and French, and St. 
Joseph's all the German and Bohemian 
families. 

Up to 1858 La Crosse belonged to the dio- 
cese of Milwaukee, but in that year Milwau- 
kee was divided into three dioceses: Green 
Bay, La Crosse and Milwaukee. (La Crosse 
being the resid.nt place of the bishop, it was 
named Diocese of La Crosse.) The first 
Bishop of La Crosse diocese was Right Kev. 
Michael Heiss, whose sketch is given 
preceding this. During his administra- 
tion of the affairs of the diocese, nearly 
all of the institutions of the church were 
planned, and many buildings which adorn 
and beautify the city were erected. St. 
Joseph's Cathedral, a magnificent structure, 
was erected in 1869-'70, but it was not corn- 
pleted for some years, owing to heavy debts 
which retarded progress. The Sisters of St. 
Francis, of Jefferson, Wisconsin, also began 



the erection of a convent in this city in the 
same year, and occupied the main building 
in 1871. The orphanage was built in 1875, 
and given to the motherly care of the Fran- 
ciscan Sisters of Perpetual Adoration (see 
sketches of St. Michael's and St. Ann's 
Orphan Asylums, the former being named 
in honor of Bishop Heiss, on pages 164 and 
following). The i)ishop's house was also 
erected about this time, a comfortable and 
convenient home, occupied by the late bishop 
Flasch at the time of his death. A neat 
private chapel adjoins the residence, de- 
signed tor the bishop's private use, and 
those sojourning in the house. 

His successor was the right Rev. Bishop 
K. C. Flasch, whose hi>tory appears elsewhere 
in this work. 

ROBERT G. MINER, superintendent of 
bridges and buildings for the Chicago, 
Burlington & Northern Railroad, was 
born in Dale, Wisconsin, October 2, 1862. 
His parents, Joseph and Mary (Huffman) 
Miner, are still living, the father seventy-six 
and the mother sixty- three years of age. 
They were originally from Switzerland, and 
the father learned the trade of an architect in 
his native country, passing the examination 
required by the laws of Switzerland. He 
came to this country about 1850, settled at 
Dale, Wisconsin, and resides there at the 
present time, retired from tl;e active duties 
of life. He and his worthy helpmate reared 
a family of seven children, four daughters 
and three sons, all living and residents of 
Outagamie county, this State, except Robert 
G. The latter started out for himself as a 
house carpenter, and from that to bridge- 
building; in 1880. He began on the Wis- 
consin Central, and accepted his present posi- 



250 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTOIiT. 



tioii in 1886. Ue is univergaHy popular ami 
respected in business and social circles. Mr. 
Miner is the fifth in order of birth of the above 
mentioned children. All are members of the 
Lutheran Church. 



M. 1. KINNEAR, M. D., residing at 
933 Caledonia street, La Crosse, Wis- 
i® confin, is one of the leading practi- 
tioners of the homeopathic system of medi- 
cine in La Crosse county. He was born in 
New Brunswick, July 1, 1860, and is the 
son t>f New Brunswick parents. His father, 
Edward Kinnear, died in Boston, Massachu- 
setts, October 26, 1889. IHs mother, whose 
maiden name was Margaret Dobson, is now 
livini:; in Manitoba. They reared a family of 
eight children: George C. lives in Boston, 
and is foreman of a large machine-shop in 
that city; Jennie married David Grant, an 
attorney at Moncton, New Brunswick; the 
Doctor is the third born; Eliza is the wife of 
Dr. David Evans, of Boston; Fannie mar- 
ried Mr. Harries, of Ware, ^rassachusetts; 
Sarah, Maggie and Edward are with their 
mother in Manitoba. 

In 1868 the family removed from New 
lirnnswick to Boston, and at the end of three 
years returned to their old home. When our 
subject was nineteen years of age he returned 
to Boston, and during his residence there he 
took a course of reading under the direction 
of Dr. J. R. Boynton, and by him perhaps 
more than any other one individual was his 
career in life shaped. In 1882 he went back 
to his native country, and he and his father 
made a trip to Manitoba; the father decided 
to locate there, and a year later sent for the 
rest of the family. Dr. Kinnear remained 
there until 1886, when he entered tiie North- 
western University at Evanston, Illinois, 



taking a special course of stud}'. In 1888 
he became a student in the Chicago llomeo- 
pathic Medical College, and was graduated 
in 1890. Immediately after this event he 
came to La Crosse and began the practice of 
his profession. He has met with gratifying 
success, and has established a reputation ae 
an intelligent, careful ])ractitioner. 

June 9, 1886, the Doctor was united in 
marriage to Miss Nellie G. Straw, of Boston, 
Massachusetts. Mrs. Kinnear is a daughter 
of William H. Straw, who died in the army 
when she was an infant six months old. He 
was a native of New Hampshire. Her 
mother was born in Massachusetts, and died 
at Evanston, Illinois, January 13, 1889. 
Her brother, Fred W. Straw, is a member of 
the Western Wisconsin Conference, stationed 
at Viroqna, Wisconsin. These two were the 
only children. 

Dr. Kinnear is a member of the I. 0. O. F. 
and tlie I. O. F., and he and his wife belong 
to the Methodist Episcopal Church. 



S. McKOWN, Superintendent of the 
La Crosse County Insane Asylum, was 
* born in La Crosse county, AVisconsin, 
March 14, 1858, and is a son of Samuel and 
Mary iMcKown, who are also residents of this 
county. The father was in earlier days one 
of the prominent farmers of the county, but 
is now retired from active labor. He was 
born in Ireland, and thirty-si.x years ago he 
came to this county, and has witnessed the 
wonderful development which lias taken place 
in a little less than four decades. It was in 
1852 that he crossed the sea, and the first 
three years in America were passed in New 
York. Our subject is one of a family of 
seven children: Myron; Ida, deceased, was 
the wife of Daniel Thompson; C. S. ; Will- 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



251 



iam, who married Miss Nettie Buttman; 
Jane, who died at the age of two years; Al- 
bert and Alfred, twins; Alfred McKown 
married Miss Ellen Wallsted, and is engaged 
in farming in the town of Greenfield, Wis- 
consin; Albert is an attendant in the La 
Crosse County Asylum. 

Mr. McKown entered upon the realities of 
a business life at the age of twenty years; he 
was engaged in the tnilling l)usiness with his 
brother Myron; afterward he did farming, 
and then came to the city of La Crosse, where 
he clerked in a wholesale house; later he was 
employed in a retail establishment, and then 
for a year was Deputy Sheriff and Turnkey 
under Sheriff Jensen. On January 1, 1888, 
he assumed the duties of the position he now 
holds, to which he was appointed by the 
board of trustees of the asylum. His wife 
was at the same time appointed matron of 
the institution. The excellent condition and 
management of the hospital show very plainly 
the exceptional fitness of Mr. and Mrs. Mc- 
Kown for the responsibility and care of such 
an establishment. The buildings are models 
of cleanliness, and the patients are carefully 
watched, and every effort is made to lessen 
their physical and mental distress. There 
are now 100 inmates, but so systematic is the 
management that the entire machinery moves 
as in a small, well-ordered family. 

The asylum was built in 1881 and located 
at West Salem, through the influence of Will- 
iam Van Zandt, who was a member of the 
County Board of Supervisors and county 
building committee in 1886, was succeeded 
in 1887 by Frank B. Smith, the present in- 
cumbent. There are 210 acres in the grounds, 
and the buildino; is a brick structure after a 
modern design. 

Mr. McKown was united in marriage July 
17, 1880, to Miss Lizzie M. Sims, a daughter 
of Samuel and Mary Sims. Two children 



have been born to this worthy couple: Sarah 
Ida and Harry Elmer; the latter died at the 
age of fifteen months. Mrs. McKown was 
for many years a successful teacher in the 
public schools; the same power of control 
that rendered her discipline effective in the 
school-room has enabled her to cope with the 
many difficulties that beset her position in the 
hospital, and lier services here have been 
greatly appreciated. 

Samuel Siins and wife were nativesof Eng- 
land, and emigrated to the United States in 
1847, but did not settle in La Crosse county 
until 1855: Mr. Sims is still living, at the 
age of three score vears and ten, but his 
wife passed away May 7, 1883, at the age of 
fifty-six years. In the late civil war he was 
a sailor, serving as a private in the navy for 
thirteen months. He and his wife had a 
family of six children: Sarah, deceased ; Liz- 
zie, who is now Mrs. McKown; John W., 
Theodore W., Ashby, and James, who died at 
the age of two years. 



-^.^^JTJlr- 



~^l/inn^^ 



fAMES McKINLEY, who is well known 
as the largest hay and hop grower of La 
Crosse county, has been a resident of 
Wisconsin since 1850. He was born in Craw- 
ford county, Pennsylvania, in February, 1827, 
and is a son of William and Nancy McKinley, 
natives of Ireland. The father emigrated to 
this country in 1816, and in 1820, the mother 
sailed from the Emerald Isle for America. 
The father followed agriculture, and was 
known as an honorable, upright citizen. He 
died in December, 1840, at the age of sixty 
years; his wife survived him until 1880, when 
she died, at the age of eighty-four years. 
They were the parents of three sons and 
three daughters, James McKinley being the 
oldest of the fatnily; three of the children 



258 



BIOORAPHICAL HISTORY. 



are still living, and are residents of La Crosse 
county. Our worthy subject was reared on 
a farm, and before coining to Wisconsin gave 
his attention exclusively to agricultural pur- 
suits. As before stated he came to Wisconsin 
in 1850. his object being to get Government 
land. He made the journey from Pennsyl- 
vania round the chain of lakes, landing in 
Milwaukee. In February, 1851, he bought 
Government land, the tract consisting of 200 
acres in Hamilton township; here he opened 
a farm, and in 1853 disposed of the same, 
going to the Black river pinery. He engaged 
in hnnbering for ten or twelve years, and met 
with fair success; while in this business he 
employed about forty hands, but abandoned 
the enterprise to resume agriculture. He 
located the Brown and Tripp farms, also the 
land on which the McEldowneys settled; the 
greater portion of this was land granted sol- 
diers in the war of 1812. In 1863 Mr. Mc- 
Kinley bought the farm on which he nosv 
resides; it contains 520 acres of excellent 
land, and is in a high sta^e of cultivation and 
well improved with buildings of a most sub- 
stantial style. The hay cro]i of this farm 
averages about 300 tons annually, and is of a 
superior quality; thirty-two acres are set to 
hops, and the annual yield is ijetween 30,000 
and 35,000 pounds; the crop for 1891 was, 
liowever, a total failure; twenty acres are 
planted to corn, and a like amount to oats. 
About fifty head of hogs are fed every yeart 
and from six to eight horses are kept on the 
place. The residence is large and convenient, 
and is very pleasantly located about the cen- 
ter of the farm; the barns are capable of 
storing 250 tons of hay, and one of them 
stables fourteen head of horses. 

Mr. McKinley was married first in 1859 
to Miss Hannah A. Waller, a daughter of 
Nathan P. Waller of Pennsylvania; she died 
four years after her marriage, of consumption. 



at the age of twenty-five years; she was a 
most worthy woman, and greatly beloved by 
a wide circle of friends. The second marriage 
was May 25, 1864, to Miss Caroline Ilan- 
toii, a daughter of Joseph and Eliza Han ton 
of Canada. Three children have been born 
to Mr. McKinley and wife: Ella is a sucess- 
ful teacher of vocal and instrumental music; 
Horace is living on a claim in Oregon, and 
John is assisting his father on the farm. 
Both the father and mother are consistent 
members of the Presbyterian Church. 

fULIUS E. KIRCHEIS, one of tiie ris- 
ing young men of La Crosse, is a native 
of the German Empire, born August 24, 
1862. His parents, Julius E. and Fredericka 
(Richter) Kircheis, were also of German birth, 
natives of Saxon}'. The father was a weaver 
by trade; he emigrated to the United States 
in September, 1868, bringing his family with 
him; he settled in La Crosse, securing em- 
ployment with the John Paul Luml)er Com- 
pany, with whom he remained about nine 
years; he was ne.xt engaged in Initchering 
for Frezier Bros., for a period of two years; 
abandoning this trade, he served as janitor 
of Germania Hall until 1890, and since that 
time has been janitor of Armory Hall. He 
is a man of the strictest integrity of charac- 
ter, and is highly respected bj' a wide circle 
of acquaintances. Julius E. was but six 
years old wl.en his parents came to the 
United States. He received his education in 
the public schools of La Crosse, and in the 
German Lutheran school; at the age of twelve 
years he found employment with the John 
Paul Lumber Company for four seasons; he 
then took a position with Semsch Bros., gro- 
cers, which he held four years. At the end 
of that time he determined to devote some 




■^'■:^;'i>/-i.-i..-.-_;i." ' 



.yh-i^ . KU^ 




BTOGRArHICAL HISTORY. 



253 



further time to study, and spent one 3'ear 
under tlie instruction of professor Roese, in 
that gentleman's private scliool. On entering 
the commercial world again lie worked a few 
months for John Ran, and then through in- 
fluential friends he received an ap])ointinent 
in the postoffice of La Crosse, which he held 
from 1879 to 1890. In March of the latter 
year he became city collector for the John 
Gund Brewing Company, and has discharged 
liis duties with great satisfaction, not only to 
the company but also to the patrons. 

In 1879, Mr. Kircheis enlisted in the Gov- 
ernor's Guards, was made Corporal in 1880, 
Sergeant in 1881, Second Lieutenat in 1882, 
First Lieutenant in 188.3, and Captain, Octo- 
ber 7, 1884. This is the steadiest record of 
promotion shown by the company's books, 
and is probably unparalleled in the State. 
He is the most efficient captain the company 
has ever had, and much of its success has 
come through his enthusiasm, energy and 
military genius. 

He was united in marriage March 14, 1883, 
to Miss Emma Jung, a daughter of John and 
Magdalene Jung. Of this union two chil- 
dren have been born: Julius and Fritz. Mr. 
Kircheis is a member of the Modern Wood- 
men, the National Insurance Society, the Ger- 
mania Society and the Concordia Society. 



-^ 



:h 



fOHN C. BURNS, wholesale fruiterer. 
La Crosse, "Wisconsin, occupies a very 
prominent position in commercial circles. 
He was born in La Crosse, Wisconsin, Janu- 
ary 1, 1863, where he received his education. 
His first business venture was in his youth, 
when he embarked in the fruit business, sell- 
ing a peck of apples at a time on the street. 
The first business position he held was under 
J. A. Spier, whom he succeeded April 1, 

18 



1883. He has made the fruit trade a 
study, and the result has been a most satis- 
factory one. When he began in business 
for himself his capital was quite limited 
being a little less than $300. To-day his 
sales aggregate $150,000annnally. He owns 
fruit ranches in California, where he raises 
and packs supplies for his Eastern trade. He 
handles all kinds of fine fruits, and does an 
exclusive jobbing business. 

The growth of the fruit trade in the United 
States in the last decade has been a phenom- 
enal one, and with such a garden as the State 
of California it is difficult to predict the 
limits to which American enterprise will, 
carry it. Mr. Burns has been an important 
factor in the promotion of this trade in his 
own State, and his success is not due alone 
to his business sagacity, but to his courteous, 
gentlemanly bearing, and to his high and 
honorable methods of carrying on the trade. 

fB. HOLWAY.— Rarely enough do the 
surroundings of a lad correctly deter- 
** mine what the man will be. How 
well this may be proven we have but to fol- 
low the career of the subject of this biography 
from his humble and unaided heirinnincr. Hie 
eighteenth birthday came, and, without an 
education, he was foiced to depend upon his 
muscle. He went to work in the woods at 
$10 per month. This pleasant pastime he 
vigorously pursued for more than seven years, 
during the latter part of which he kindly 
accepted an increase in his wages, his pro- 
ficiency having become apparent to his em- 
ployers. The best pay for any one month's 
work was $14, and this remuneration young 
Holway considered princely. From this 
trifling pay he saved $1,100. In 1850 he 
was swept westward with the tide of gold 



254 



BIOGRAPniCAL HISTORY. 



hunters, and spent three years of fairly profit- 
at)le pursuit excavating in California dirt. 
After fuUv sating this am Ijition lie turned his 
face to the East, and after some travel located 
in La Crosse, and engaged in the lumber 
business. In 1850 he purchased a half inter- 
est in a sawmill at Onalaska, in company with 
C. M. Nichols. This mill was destroyed by 
file in 1859, which terminated their business 
relations. This loss almost wrecked Mr. 
JJoiway, as all iiis means were herein in- 
vested. 

Ilavinu; good credit he then went into the 
lotjging business, which he operated alone 
until 1804, when Abner Gile became his 
partner. In 1875 Mr. Ilolway purchased 
the lloss sawmill at North La Crosse, which 
wa.s burned to asiies in the spring of 1877. 
Reverses were coming fast enough, but Mr. 
Ilolway knew no defeat. He immediately 
rebuilt upon the old site, im-reasing the ca- 
pacity and furnishing the whole with improv- 
ed machinery and appliances. Two hundred 
hands are employed, and the annual tran-5ac- 
tions exceed a quarter of a million dollars. 
More than 20.000,000 feet of logs are sawed 
during the season, and the additional output 
is 9,000,000 shingles and as many lath. 

Mr. Ilolway owns 25,000 acres of timber 
land in Clark, Wood and Taylor counties, 
from which his mill is supplied with logs. 
He also owns about 2,000 acres of farming 
and gnizing lands in Faribault county, Min- 
nesota. 

He is a director and stockholder in the 
Exchange State Bank of North La Crosse. 
On the organization of that institution in 
1888, he was elected vice-president, which 
office he still holds; he is also a stockholder 
in the Batavian Bank. 

Mr. Ilolway is a native of the Bine Tree 
State, born at Madison, May 5, 1824, a son 
of Zaccheus and Azuba Ilolway; his mother's 



maiden name was Jones. The father was a 
native of Cape Cod, and a descendant of 
Puritan stock. Our subject is one of the 
most reliable, liberal and energetic of men, 
and has pursued a business policy that has 
won him the esteem and confidence of all 
those with whom he has had business or so- 
cial relations. 

„„ ,1^, -I I- ,^ii 

C. ELWELL, who has for many years 
been identified with the agricultural 
® interests of La Crosse county, was 
born in Bennington county, Vermont, April 
13, 1827, and is a son of Chauncey and Lydia 
(Munii) Elwell, who were also natives of the 
Green Mountain State. The father was a 
carpenter and contractor by trade, and also 
managed a country hotel and cultivated a 
farm. He was the ninth of a family of 
twelve children, and died in Bennington 
county, Vermont, at the age of fifty years; 
his wife lived to be eighty-three years old. 
They reared a family of six children, our sub- 
ject being the second-born; P. Spencer, a 
younger brother, was for many years a resi- 
dent of La Crosse city, and held various 
county offices. C. C. Elwell received a com- 
mon school education, and at the age of 
twenty-one years entered upon the occupation 
he has followed throuijli life, tarmino-. It 
was in the year 1852 that ho came to La 
Crosse county and settled on a farm, where he 
now resides; he has experienced the hardships 
and deprivations incident to the life of a 
pioneer, but he had willing hands and a 
courageous heart, and as time went on over- 
came all obstacles that presented themselves. 
He has a beautiful farm of 100 acres, only 
forty of which had been broken when he pur- 
chased the tract of Thomas Leonard. He 
has a convenient house, with barns, sheds 



BlOORAPniOAL HISTORY. 



255 



and cribs for the care and protection of live- 
stock and tlie storing of grain; lie is fond of 
fruit culture, and has suriounded himself and 
family with many of the comforts of modern 
civilization. 

Mr. Ehvell was married in the State of New 
York, March 4, 1851, to Miss Catharine 
Preston, a daughter of Joseph and Sallie 
(Bowen) Preston, of Monroe county, New 
York. Joseph Preston died March 3, 1848, 
at the age of sixty-six years; his wife died 
April 25, 1830, aged forty-five yeai-s; they 
reared a family of eight children, of whom 
Mrs. Elwell is the youngest. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Elwell has been born one child, Ida, 
who married Prof. E. S. Tilson, a native of 
Vermont. He was for a number of years 
the principal of the high school of Chippewa 
Falls, Wisconsin; his death occurred July 2, 
1878, at the age of thirty-five years. Mrs. 
Tilson makes her home with her parents; she, 
too, is a teacher by profession; at the age of 
fourteen years she began to teach scliool in 
La Crosse county, and at the a^e of nineteen 
graduated from Pipon College. She has a 
highly cultivated literary taste, is a writer 
of no mean ability, often invited to give 
an essay nt public assemblies. She and 
her parents are members of the Congrega- 
tional Church; for more than thirty years her 
father has been treasurer and clerk, but she 
has relieved him of the labors attachino; to 

o 

the clerk's ofhce. 

Mr. Elwell is an ardent Prohibitionist, and 
has great faith in the final success of his 
party. lie is a man of deep integrity of 
character, and has the respect and confidence 
of the community. 

Joseph Preston was a farmer in New York, 
and resided about twenty miles from Roches- 
ter; he gave the land for the Erie canal, that 
is, the portion which was necessary to make 
the cut throuufh iiis farm. He was one of 



the pioneers of Monroe county. New York, 
and was possessed of those staunch character- 
istics which won him the good will of the 
entire community. His son Daniel, now 
living in Cleveland, served with distinction 
in the late war. 



-►ffe 



^4«- 



^ENRY LEBBER.— There are a number 
-IM) °*' y'*""^ business men in La Crosse 
^(fi county, Wisconsin, who by their push 
and energy have been successful in their dif- 
ferent callincrs, and foremost amono; these is 
Henry Lel)ber, who Hrst saw the light of day 
in Germany in 1863. His father died in 
Germany in 1873, but the mother is still 
living and makes her home there. Henry 
Lebber came to the United States in 1882, 
worked three months in New York city in a 
grocery store, and then came to La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, wiiere he worked on the farm for 
one year. He subsequently worked at the 
carpenter's trade live years, after which he 
bouglit a lot in West Salem and erected a 
good two-story brick building, 26 x 70 feet, 
which he uses for business and dwelling. The 
large hall on the second floor is used for 
public purposes. He has an excellent billiard 
hall, and also deals in liquors. He is a 
pushing and enterprising young merchant, 
and is deservedly popular with all with whom 
he has dealings. He was married in 1889, to 
Miss Emma Horstman, daughter of Henry 
and Mary (Schaifer) Horstman, who reside in 
La Crosse. Mr. and Mrs. Lebber are the 
hsppy parents of one child, Mary. They 
hold membership in the Lutheran Church of 
Bostwick Valley, and are lil)eral contributors 
to the same. In politics Mr. Lebber is a 
Democrat. He is public-spirited and is 
always ready with energy and means to 
push forward any enterprise for the benefit of 



256 



BlOGliAPniCAL HISTORY 



his town and county. I5y his good manage- 
ment and excellent husiiiess acumen he has 
raised a good foundation for a fortune and is 
on the highway to snccess. 



-^^lyxn/l 



-^^^—an. 



'yin^. 




FILLIAM W. LEETE, who has heen 
identified with many of the leading 
enterprises of La Crosse county, is a 
native of New Haven county, Connecticut, 
horn Septemher 28, 1853. His parents, 
William P. and Zaida E. (Goodrich) Leete, 
were natives of the same State; the father 
was a farmer and also taught scliool; he came 
to La Crosse valley in 1858, purchased forty 
acres of land, paying $10 an acre therefor, 
and finally opened a farm of 180 acres. He 
was one of tlie early settlers of this valley 
and endnreil the privations of frontier life. 
He held many of the local offices, discharging 
his duties faithfully and efficiently. Before 
his death he owned 220 acres of fine farming 
land, which he sold, purchasing fifty acres one 
and a quarter miles from West Salem in 
1881. He died May 7, 1886, aged sixty-four 
years; his widow is still living; she is a woman 
who has borne her share of the burden in the 
eettlemenl of this country, and cheerfully 
braved the dangers and privations of life in 
the far Wes*:. Our subject is one of a family 
of eight children: Sherman, who has been 
prominently connected with the educational 
interests of La Crosse county, married Miss 
Chloe Sherwin, and they have two children: 
Robert and Mary; Joseph was married to 
Miss Ellen J. Pitkin, and five children were 
born to them: Lucy, Darwin. Herbert, 
Dwight and Helen; the mother died in Jan- 
uary, 1888; the second marriage was to Miss 
Edith Dana; George married Miss Sarah 
Callahan, and one daughter was born to 
them, named Lizzie; the mother died in May 



1887, and Mr. Leete was married to Miss 
China Pearl; Mary died at the age of twenty- 
three year.*; she was a successful teacher, and 
had entered the profession in her seventeenth 
year: William W. is the next in order of 
birth; Zaida is the wife of the Hon. Charles 
White, of Minnesota; Frank married Miss 
Zaida Moran, who died three mouths after 
their union; he was engaged in teaching in 
the Government school of the Sandwich Is- 
lands, and had some commercial interests 
there; his death occurred August 30, 1891; 
Charles died at the age of twenty years. 

Mr. Leete has been successfully engaged in 
the profession of teaching; winning the 
esteem and affection of his pupils and the 
confidence of the board and patrons, he has 
made the profession a labor of love. He 
taught for eight years in his own district, and 
accomplished very satisfactory results. Of 
late years he has given more especial atten- 
tion to agriculture and kindred occupations. 
He is now president of the Farmers' Co- 
operative Creamery, located within three- 
quarters of a mile of West Salem; this enter- 
prise was inaugurated in February, 1891, and 
April 1 of that year lie took charge of the 
business. During May and June the manu- 
facture was from 6,000 to 7,000 pounds of 
butter weekly; the value of sucii an estal)lish- 
ment in the midst of a rich farming country 
can scarcely be estimated, furnisliing, as it 
does a market for a large agricultural product. 

Mr. Leete was a resident of Minnesota 
from 1878 to 1884; during that time he 
occupied a position on the town board which 
he resigned upon his return to La Crosse 
county. He is a man of advanced views, and 
has contributed liberally of his means to the 
support of pul)lic enterprises. 

He was married September 28, 1891, to 
Miss Kate Collins, a woman of rare intelli- 
gence and refinement (v^d a d^iigiiterof A. P. 



BIOOHAPHIGAL UlbTuRT. 



257 



and Jennie Collins, natives of the State of 
New York, but for many years past residents 
of Vii^t) county, Indiana; they are now mak- 
ing their home in Dulnth, Minnesota. Thej 
reared three children: Nettie, wife of L. O. 
Randall; Mrs. Leete and Nellie. Mr. and 
Mrs. Leete are the parents of four cliildren: 
Ruth, Zaida, Carrol and Howard. Politically 
our subject is identified with the Rrohibition 
party. 

— | ' Sn; ' | t>«" — 



SMI Eighteenth 



EORGE EULER, Alderman of the 
Ward of tiie city of La 
Crosse, Wisconsin, was born March 22, 
1852, at Waldlaubersheim, in the municipality 
of Windesheim, district of Kreuznach, 
regency circuit of Coblenz, Germany. He 
obtained a common-school education in the 
evangelical school of his native birthplace, 
which he attended from his lifth year until 
he became fourteen years of age, at which 
time he was confirmed in the Evangelical 
Communion Church at Waldlaubersheim. 
On the completion of his school course in 1866, 
he worked several years for Surveyor Mattes, 
and subsequently found employment on farms 
and in vineyards. In 1870, at the ago of 
eighteen years, and shortly prior to the 
Franco-German war, Mr. Euler emigrated to 
America, arriving at La Crosse, Wisconsin, 
April 1, of the same year. He worked as a 
laborer the following summer until the fall, 
when he visited his uncle, Adolf Huett, near 
Alma, Buffalo county, Wisconsin, where he 
attended school for the purpose of learning 
the English language. In the spring of 1871 
he returned to La Crosse, and was employed 
by Thomas Shimmins in hauling stone. In 
May he had the misfortune to break one of 
his legs, and thereby was confined to his bed 
for three months, after which he resumed 



work. In November, 1871, in coni)>any with 
his brother, Philip Euler, he went South and 
found employment iu the cotton fields of 
Arkansas. In December, of the same year, 
Mr. Euler contracted a severe sickness, and 
went to St. Louis, Missouri, to obtain treat- 
ment in a hospital, where he remained until 
tlie latter part of January, 1872, when he 
returned to La Crosse and found employment 
as a laborer. September 1, 1872, he obtained 
a position as clerk in the grocery store of 
Philip Knoth, where he remained until July 
1, 1873. From July 6 until November 
6, he worked on the farm of a Mr. Poss in 
Trempealeau cunnty, and November 10 re- 
sumed his clerkship with Mr. Philip Knoth, 
where he remained until June 10, 1874. 
June 24, of the same year, he was engaged 
by John Gund, Sr., to conduct the delivery 
business of the then Empire Erewery, which 
has since been organized into the John Gund 
Brewing Company, by the joining of the 
sons of George, Henry and John Gund, Jr., 
and which position Mr. Euler held continu- 
ously until the present time. 

May 29. 1877, he married Miss Minnie 
Johanna Sewerin, of La Crosse, Wisconsin, 
and they have had four children: Emma 
Elizabeth Frederika, born March 7, 1878; 
Johann Frederieh Wilhelm, born April 11, 
1881; Wilhelm Berthold, born March 2, 1883; 
and Arthur Philip, born July 17, 1891. 
March 7, 1882, Mr. Euler joined the Third 
Ward Aid Society, and has ever since been 
an active member of the same, serving on 
various committees, and has held the office 
of Collector from Se])teinber 9, 1885, until 
August, 1887, when he was called to assume 
the duties of Comptroller until in May, 1888. 
He was then chosen P'inancial Secretary of 
the same society, which office he holds at 
the present time. In the spring of 1891, 
when the population of La Crosse had nearly 



258 



BIOGBAPHIGAL UISTOJtr. 



readied 80,000 inliabitants, lie was nominated 
l)y the Democratic caucus for Alderman of 
the Eiifhteenth Ward, and was elected as 
such April 7, 1891, for a term of four years. 
The territory constituting the Eighteenth 
Ward was from the center of Sixtli street to 
the center of Tenth street, east and west, 
and south from the center of Jackson street 
to the south line of the city limits. In the 
capacity of Alderman Mr. Euler is the Chair- 
man of the Board of Health and also a mem- 
ber of tlie Committees on Water Works and 
Health. In 1873 he became a member of 
the German Lutheran Congregation of this 
city, and April 3, 1881, joined the insurance 
brancii of the same congregation, and lias 
retained his membership in both up to the 
present time. 

His father, Jacob Euler, was born March 
14, 1812, in the village of Krieg.ifeld, 
fJavaria, Germany. He attended the evan- 
gelical school from his filth to his fourteenth 
year, and afterward worked on farms. In 
1830 he moved to Prussia, in the district of 
Coblenz, and in 1842 settled in Waldlaubers- 
heim, where he followed farm work. He 
was married in January, 1848, to Miss 
Katherina Jacobus, and February 5, 1849, 
their son Philip was born, and George was 
born March 22, 1852. Philip Euler came to 
America in 18(37, and in May of the same 
year settled in La ('rosse. In August, 1872, 
Jacob Euler and his wife lott Germany for 
Anierica, arriving at La Crosse about Sep- 
tember 1. The fitlier died February 9, 
1887, at the residence of his son George, 
and his widow, who was born on August 
11, 1812, has found a home, since her hus- 
band's death, with the family of her son, 
George Euler. 

Carl Sewerin, the father-in-law of Geonre 
Euler, was born in liostow, Germany, May 
9, 1881, and after the death of his father he 



lived with his mother at Quitzero, and re- 
ceived his communion in the Evangelical 
Lutheran Church at Demmiii, in 1845. 
October 1, 1851, he married Miss Maria 
Lowitz, who was born April 12, 1827. 
October 5, of the same year, Mr. Sewerin 
entered the military service of the Second 
Infantry Regiment of King Frederick Will- 
iam of Prussia, and was honorably discharged 
in 1854. The followint' named children were 
born to this union: Caroline, born in Novem- 
ber, 1855, died at Pittsburg in December, 
1862; Minnie, born July 10, 1858; Fred- 
ericka, born January 18, 1860; John and 
William, twins, born November 29, 1865, 
and William died January 10, 1866. Mr. 
Sewerin left his native land in October, 1861, 
and came to America, first locating at Pitts- 
burg, and in the early part of 1862 came West 
to La Crosse, where be has since resided. 
His wife died July 10, 1877, in this city, and 
his son John died July 16, 1891, leaving a 
widow and daughter, Ida. 

IMANUEL MAKKLE.— This honored 
gentleman is one of best known citizens 
of La Crosse, Wisconsin, and his long 
residence within its bordersand his well known 
habits of industry and perseverance have won 
for him a wide circle of friends. By all he is 
considered to lie a model farmer, neat and 
progressive, and of decided views in conduct- 
ing all his operations, and he has met with 
the substantial success which all concede is 
well merited. He was born in Ohio in 1837, 
but his parents, George and Elizabeth (Mil- 
ler) ifarkle, were Pennsylvaniaus, although 
they were married in the Buckeye State 
in 1836. In 1843 he sold his farm in Ohio 
and moved to Putnam county, Indiana, and 
about eight years later, or in 1851, he moved 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



259 



to La Crosse county, Wisconsin. His first 
work in this State was as foreman in the 
brick manufactory belonging to Deacon Syl- 
vester Smith, with whom he remained two 
years. Upon his arrival here he had entered 
160 acres of land, and in 1853 he settled on 
the place with his family, which continued to 
be his home until his death, March 31, 1887, 
at the age of seventy-four years. His widow 
died February 27, 1890, (xt the age of sevsnty- 
six years, having borne a family of nine 
children, of whom the subject of this sketch 
is the eldest. The other members are: J. C* 
who married Naomi Maxwell, is the father 
of three children and is a resident of Ccdor- 
ado; Catherine A., who married Henry Ves- 
tal, of White Rock, Kansas, is the mother of 
five children; Greorge W. is a resident of 
Webber, Kansas, married Mary Vestal, by 
whom he has seven children; John is a resident 
of the old homestead, was married to Sarah 
Lattimer, and is the father of three children; 
Peter, who enlisted in the Sixth Wisconsin 
Infantry during the civil war, was killed in 
the battle of the Wilderness; Naomi, who 
married Peter Speck and died in La Crosse; 
Elnora (twin sister of Naomi) married C. 
Bernet, and died in St. Louis and Rachel; 
Jane, who died at the age of two years. 
Emanuel Markle's opportunities for acquir- 
ing an education were confined to the common 
schools, but he judiciously applied himself to 
liis books and obtained a fair practical edu- 
cation. 

After remaining on the home farm with 
his father until 1856, he began trapping, and 
followed this calling with success until 1861. 
He and his brother, J. C, enlisted in the 
Union army in the Second Wisconsin Infan- 
try, in which they served for over three years, 
participating in the battles of the Wilderness, 
Antietam, second Bull Run and Gettysburg. 
In the last named engagement he was wound- 



ed twice, was captured by the enemy and was 
paroled on the field. His brother, J. C.,was 
shot through the left arm at South Mountain, 
and at the battle of the Wilderness was shot 
through the riijht arm. Mr. Markle was 
married in 1866 to Miss Caroline, daughter 
of Lawrence and Maria Anna (Dorfel) Han- 
isch, who were Ixjrn in Austria. They became 
the parents of three children: Joseph, who 
was in the Austrian army and died in the 
hospital at Galetzia, Austria. They emi- 
grated to La Crosse in 1861; Raymond, re- 
siding at Lake City, Minnesota; and Caroline, 
Mrs. Markle. The latter has borne her hus- 
band the following children: Theodore M., 
Charles W., Laura May, Lillian Elberta; 
Simon Peter, Joseph E. and Harriet E. 
Four other children died in early childhood. 
Theodore M. is a mechanical engineer and is 
employed by the Great Northern Railroad in 
North Dakota. Lillian is attending com- 
mercial college at La Crosse, and is now 
writing in the office of the County Register 
of Deeds; Laura M. is a milliner at La 
Crosse, and the others reside at home. Law- 
rence Hanisch died August 23, 1886, aged 
eighty-one years, and Mrs. Hanisch died 
January 22, 1888, at the age of eighty-three 
years. 

In 1867 the subject of this sketch bought 
eighty acres of land in section 27, has since 
added eighty acres in section 16; eighty acres 
in section 21, and 149 acres in section 33, 
making in all 389 acres — a tine farm. The 
buildings on this place are all excellent, and 
his home is a very pleasant and an extremely 
comfortable one. His principal business is 
in the raising of small fruits, and in bee- 
keeping. He keeps about twelve head of 
cattle, three horses, also hogs. He has been 
Justice of the Peace of his township for tne 
past twenty years, and has been elected town 
Supervisor on several occasions, and a mem- 



260 



BIOGRAPHICAL UIHTORY. 



ber of the School Board, lie made the race 
for Assemblyman of his district, but his 
well known temperance proclivities defeated 
him for tliat office. lie is a member of the 
I. O. G. T., F. & A. M.,G. A. R., and U. V. 
L., and is a Democrat politically. 

— g' : " ; - g . - ^ 

^OUIS E. MEASON, whose photographic 
studio is at 128 North Third street, La 
Crosse, is a native of the Badger State, 
born at Mineral Point, September 1, 1848. 
His parents were Louis and Elizabeth (Fick) 
Meason, uatives of Prnssia; they were brought 
to America in tlieir childhood, and were 
married at Mineral Point, Wisconsin, in 
1847, being among the pioneers of the State. 
The father was a cabinetmaker, and learned 
his trade in St. Louis, where he worked sev- 
eral years. In 184:9 he left Mineral Point, 
and journeying via the old Fremont route, 
arrived in California, where he remained 
about a year and a half. He returned by way 
of the Isthmus, and was stricken with cholera 
at St. Louis, where he died, in 1850. His 
widow married again, her second husband 
being Frantz Enzenroth, and after his death 
became the wife of Adam Soleras; she lives 
at Mineral Point. 

Louis E., the subject of this notice, was 
the only child of the tirst marriage of his 
mother; by her second union she had three 
children, and by the third marriage three 
daughters. He was educated in the public 
schools of Mineral Point, and took a com- 
mercial course at Bryant & Stratton's College, 
Chicago, from which he was graduated in 
1871. He came to J.,a Crosse in July, 1871, 
and engaged as a bookkeeper for a retail 
grocer, with whom he remained two and half 
years. He had managed to acquire a theo- 
retical knowledge of photography, and on 



January 1, 1874, he formed a partnersliip 
with A. P. Knutesen lor the purpose of 
opening a tirst-class photograph gallery. 
Later he purchased his partner's interest, and 
has since continued the business alone. He 
employs all the modern appliances and the 
latest methods used in the art, and does artis- 
tic work in Imlia ink and crayon. lie has 
won a wide patronage, and bids fair to attain 
excellent rank in the profession. 

Mr. Meason was united in marriage May 
26, 1874, to Miss Emma L. Kinne, a daugh- 
ter of Edward and Katherine Kinne, natives 
of Sa.xony and Prnssia resjjectively. Mrs. 
Meason's mother died in Mineral Point, and 
her father resides at Highland, Illinois. She 
is the eldest of a family of two sons and five 
daughters. To Mr. and Mrs. Meason have 
been born four children, the two younger 
ones dying in infancy; those living are Mary 
Georgiana and Edward Kinne. 

Our worthy subject has filled the various 
offices of Gateway City Lodge No. 153, I. (). 
O. F., and has attained the second position 
in the Patriarchal Circle. He has served six 
years in the Wisconsin National Guards, 
Third Regiment, and about seventeen years 
in the La Crosse Volunteer Fire Department. 
He is a member of the La Crosse Board of 
Trade, and is a zealous supporter of liome in- 
dustries. Politically he affiliates with the 
Democratic party. He and his family be- 
long to the Protestant Episcopal Church, and 
are highly esteemed members of the com- 
munity. 

— --S-^^j-l-^ — 



pjEV. ELIAS P. HARBO, pastor of St. 
Paul's United Lutheran Church, resid- 
ing at 016 Market street. La Crosse, 
was born in the province of Berg, Norway, 
February 6, 1856, and is the sixth of a family 



BIOGRAPHICAL EISIORT. 



361 



of nine children. His parents were Hans 
and Ellen Mary Olsen. lie was reared to 
mature years in his native country, attending 
the common school. At the age of twenty- 
four years he bade farewell to the pine-clad 
hills of his native land and ci'ossed the sea 
to America. Upon arriving in this country 
he settled at Eau Claire, Wisconsin, and re- 
mained there one year and a half, working at 
the tailor's trade, which he had learned in 
Norway. Having determined to enter the 
ministry he became a student at Augsburg 
Seminary, Minneapolis, Minnesota, and pur- 
sued a classical course in that institution, 
covering a period of live years. He then 
took up the theological course of the Augs- 
burg Seminary, and was graduated from this 
department at the end of three years; his ex- 
aminations covered a period of two weeks, at 
the end of which time he received his diploma, 
June 6, 1889. Immediately thereafter he 
was ordained and assigned to his present 
charge. His congregation comprises iifty- 
tive families, numbering 333 souls. His 
church is located on King street between 
Fifth and Sixth. 

Mr. Harbo's mother died in her native 
country, but his father is still living; one 
brother, Rud,came to America about one year 
after his arrival and is now a resident of 
Duluth, Minnesota, a mechanic by trade; 
three of the family are deceased, and the 
other four are living in their native country. 

Our worthy subject was united in marriage 
to Miss Martha Maria Larson, a native of 
Wisconsin and a daughter of Eric Larson, a 
farmer residing near Eau Claire, Wisconsin. 
This union occurred December 3, 1889. One 
child, Elise Mathilde, was born in La Crosse, 
February 22, 1891. 

Mr Harbo is a gentleman of broad and 
comprehensive views, and a finished scholar. 
He addresses his congregation in their native 



tongue, although he posseses a thorough 
knowledge of the English language; he is, in 
fact, an accomplished linguist, having passed 
an examination in Latin, Hebrew, Greek, 
German, English, and Norsk. He owns a 
large and well selected library. 

tEN RIK K. E. N1SSEN,M.D., an honored 
member of the medical profession in 
La Crosse county, Wisconsin, is a native 
of Maalselven, Norway, born April 22, 1864, 
and is a son of A. E. and E. (Istad) Nissen. 
His father was born in Tromso, and his 
mother in Stordalen, Norway. The Doctor 
received his elementary education in the 
private schools of Christiania, and at the age 
of eighteen years he entered upon the study 
of medicine in the Royal University of that 
city; he was graduated from the classical de- 
partment in 1882, and six years later received 
the degree of M. D. During one year of 
his college life, 1887, he was resident physi- 
cian of Rotvold Insane Asylum. When he 
had completed his professional studies he de- 
termined to visit America, and accordingly 
crossed the sea, landing in La Crosse, Wiscon- 
sin, in February, 1889. He at once entered 
ujjon the practice of Iiis profession, and suc- 
cess has attended him on every hand; he has 
won a large practice, and his skill as a prac- 
titioner is daily adding to the laurels already 
won. 

Dr. Nissen was united in marriage May 
28, 1889, to Fayette E. Nissen, who was born 
in Norway, July 15, 18G4, of Norwegian 
parents. Both the paternal and maternal 
grandfathers of our subject, as well as two of 
his father's brothers, were honored members 
of the medical profession. He has passed 
the State examination in Minnesota, and holds 
a diploma from the board of examiners of 



S63 



BIOGRAPniCAL HISTOBT. 



that State. He makes a specialty of the 
treatment of the eye, and is a devoted student 
of the science he has chosen for his life's 
occupation. 

To Dr. and Mrs. Nissen has been born one 
son, Arvid, who first saw the liglit of day, 
May 4, 1890, and a daiigiiter, Da^ny, born 
September 17, 1891. The Doctor is a mem- 
ber of the Norden Society. 

fOIIJV' J. FRUIT, attorney and counselor 
at law. La Crosse, is a native of the State 
of Wisconsin, born at Lima, Grant 
county, March 29, 1849, and is a son of Perry 
and Sarah M. (Lambkin) Fruit. His father 
was a farmer by occupation, and a native of 
Illinois. The parents reared a family of four 
sons and five dauj^hters, John J. being the 
fourtii-born. lie ol)tained his elementary 
education in tlie public schools of Grant 
county, and at the age of sixteen years he 
entered the State Normal School at Platte- 
ville, Wisconsin. At the age of twenty-two 
he finished the course of study in this insti- 
tution, and received its diploma. In August, 
1871, he came to La Crosse and was em- 
ployed as pririfcipal of the Fifth Ward school, 
a position he held for four years, and was 
then transt'eried to the Third Ward, of which 
he was principal one year. 

From his boyhood the legal profession had 
had its attractions for Mr. Fruit, and during 
the years he was teaching he devoted his 
leisure moments to studying the subject, pre- 
paratory to taking a prescribed course of in- 
struction. In 1876 he left the school-room 
and entered the law otiice of James I. Lyndes, 
under whose direction he continued his studies 
until lie became a student in the law depart- 
ment of the State University. He was grad- 
uated with the class of 1877, and immedi- 



ately after this event he formed a partnership 
with Mr. Tfund; this relationship existed 
but six months, and Mr. Fruit was alone in 
practice until June 1, 1880, when he and 
John Brindley formed a co-partnership, which 
has since been continued uninterruptedly. 
The firm name is Fruit & Crindley. 

During the year 1880 Mr. Fruit served as 
City Superintendent of the Public Schools, 
devoting only that portion of time which he 
could spare from his professional labors. 
Preferring to give his wliole energy to his 
legal work, he resigned the superintendency 
at the end of the first year. He is a close 
and careful student, and has a very high 
standing among the members of the bar; he 
possesses the confidence of the entire com- 
munity, and has a host of friends both in and 
out of the profession. 

In recognition of his ability as an attor- 
ney Mr. Fruit was appointed to the responsi- 
ble position of Assistant United States At- 
torney for the Western District of Wisconsin 
in April, 1890, an ofiice which he has tilled 
with dignity and to the complete satisfaction 
of the public. In tlie fall of 1881 he was 
elected District Attorney of La Crosse county, 
and served five years. 

Our worthy subject was united in marriage 
December 11, 1877, to Miss Marion E. Haw- 
ley, a daughter of R. H. and Ruth W. Haw- 
ley, of La Crosse. Her parents were natives 
of Vermont, in which State she also was 
born. Her father was a tiierchant during the 
active years of his life, but he is now retired 
from business. Mr. and Mrs. Fruit are the 
parents of four children : John Clyde, Clarence 
Henry, Alice Marion and Edna Kuth, all 
pupils in the public schools of La Crosse. 
Mr. Fruit is an ardent Republican in his 
political convictions, and during the local 
campaigns does his duty in tlie canvass. He 



BIOGRAPHIGAL EI STORY. 



263 



and his wife are members of the Congrega- 
tional Church. 

The firm of Fruit & Brindley have a fine 
legal library, and an excellent location. What 
is of greater importance, they are personally 
well adapted to the work, and are an orna- 
ment not only to the bar of La Crosse county, 
but also to the bar of the State of Wisconsin. 




— ~-^-^^^-~ — 

^5^0RRIS HIRSCIIHEIMER, one of 
the enterprising young business men 
^^^^ of La Crosse, has been a resident of 
the city since his early childliood, his parents 
having settled here in 1855. He was born 
in Wiirtemburg, Germany, January 6, 1850, 
and is a son of Louis and Fannie (Hart) 
Hirschheimer, natives of the same country. 
The father emigrated to America in 1850, 
making the voyage in a sailing vessel, and 
consuming two months on the journey. He 
settled in Indiana county, Pennsylvania, 
where his family came soon after their arri- 
val in America. There were five sons and 
four daughters, eight of whom are still living. 
Morris enjoyed the advantages afforded by 
the public schools of La Crosse city. Having 
attained his majority, he looked about for 
some congenial occupation in which to em- 
bark, and decided to establish a foundry; 
this he did in April, 1865, the plant being 
known as the La Crosse Foundry. He con- 
ducted this enterprise until 1889, when he 
disposed of the property and engaged in the 
manufacture of tents and awnings. He 
makes a specialty of awnings, tents, flags 
and banners, employing a number of men in 
the busy season. He has established a fine 
trade, and has so satisfactorily supplied thie 
demand that no competitor has offered. He 
is located at 109 and 111 South Fifth street. 
Mr. Hirschheimer was married October 



15, 1876, to Miss Bertha Abraham, a daugh- 
ter of Henry Abraham, of Milwaukee, Wis- 
consin. Three children have been born to 
them: Hattie, Louis and Clara, all pupils of 
the public schools of La Crosse. The mother 
of these children died April 26, 1885. Mr. 
Hirschheimer was married a second time, 
June 15, 1887, to Miss Mathilda Benjamin, 
a native of Hanover, Germany. They have 
no children. Our subject is a worthy mem- 
ber of the A. O. U. W., of the order of 
Chosen Friends, and of a Jewish benevolent 
association called B'nai B'rith. He is a mem- 
ber of Anshe Cheset Congregation. 

fTEPHEN MARTIN DALE, Jr., attor- 
ney and counselor at law, is a rising 
young member of the bar of La Crosse, 
to which he was admitted in 1885. He is 
the eldest son of Stephen and Katharine 
(Howard) Martindale, a full history of 
whom appears elsewhere in this volume, and 
was born in the city of La Crosse August 21, 
1859. Here he passed his childhood and 
youth, attending the pul)lic schools. He is a 
member of the first class that was graduated 
from the La Crosse High School, and in 1876 
he entered Beloit College, Wisconsin; this 
institution conferred upon him the degree of 
A. B. in 1880, and two years later that of 
A. M. In 1882 he l)egan the study of law, 
reading under the direction of Messrs. Wing 
and Prentiss of this city, and in 1885, as be- 
fore stated, he was admitted to the bar. In 
the fall of the same year he became a student 
in the law department of the Wisconsin State 
University, and took a two years' course, be- 
ing graduated with honoi-s in 1886. 

After this event, a partnership was formed 
betvveen Stephen Martindale, Jr., and his 
brother, Edward S. H. Martindale, who was 



264 



BIOORAPHIOAL UISTORT. 



born ill La Crosse November 23, 1861. He 
received his literary education ia the public 
schools of La Crosse, studied law at home, 
and afterwards entered the law department of 
the Wisconsin State University; he was ex- 
amined before the State Commissioners and 
admitted to practice in 1887, before he had 
iinished the course in the University. It was 
after his return to La Crosse that tlie part- 
nership of Martindale & Martindale was 
formed. He is now taking a post-graduate 
course in the University of Virginia. 

Stephen Martindale, Jr., the subject of this 
notice, was united in marriage at Beloit, 
Wisconsin, in 1883, to Miss Sopliia Rosen- 
blatt, a daughter of H. Rosenblatt, a merchant 
and manufacturer of tiiat place. Two chil- 
dren have been born of this union: Henrietta 
and Katharine. Politically Mr. Martindale is 
identified with the Republican party. 

tWARD ALGER, M. D., residing at 221 
South Seventh street. La Crosse, was 
' born in West Bridgewater, Plymouth 
county, Massachusetts, March 9, 1887, and is 
a son of Ward and Elizabeth L. (Howard) 
Alger. Six generations of the family were 
born in Plymouth county, and three of them 
on the same farm. The Doctor is the second 
of three children : Mary Elizabeth, the eldest, 
died at the age of five years; Albert L. is a 
farmer and coal dealer and lives on the old 
Massachusetts homestead. Dr. Alger attended 
the common schools until he was thirteen 
years of age, when he entered Pierce Acad- 
emy at Middleboro; he afterwards pursued 
the classical course at Phillips Academy, 
Andover, Massachusetts, and was also a stud- 
ent at Brown University, Providence, Rhode 
Island. In 1853 his studies were interrupted 
for a time when he was engaged in teaching; 



but he followed this profession only tempor- 
arily, and at the age of twenty years he was 
ready to begin his medical studies. When 
he was choosing a profession he gave some 
thought to civil engineering, and had pur- 
sued the study for a while when he decided 
upon medicine. He did his first reading in 
this line in the office of Dr. Swan, of West 
Bridgewater, and during the winter of 1858- 
'59 he attended a course of lectures at Har- 
vard Medical College. The following winters 
was a student at Jefferson Medical College, 
Philadelphia, and was graduated from this 
well-known institution March 9, 1861, his 
twenty- fourth birth-day, receiving the degree 
of M. D. He opened an office at Conton, 
Massachusetts, near Boston, and continued in 
practice there for seven years, meeting with 
excellent success. The western fever, how- 
ever, had begun to rage in JSew England, 
and in the spring of 1868 he came to Wis- 
consin and located at La Crosse. Here he 
has built up a fine practice, and has accumu- 
lated a competence. His college courses 
were according to the old school, as were also 
his preceptors: but he has made a study of 
the homeopathic system of medicine, and of 
late years has practiced according to it. 

Dr. Alger was united in marriage January 
8, 1862, to Miss Angenetto M. Hall, at Mans- 
field, Massachusetts. She was born in that 
place April 23, 1842, her ancestors being 
early settlers of New England. The Doctor 
and his wife are the parents of four children: 
Ernest Ward, born December 20, 1863, died 
August 26, 1864; Fannie E., born March 18, 
1867; Alice M., born August 24, 1872, and 
Clifton Howard, born June 14, 1876. The 
children have received their education in the 
common schools of La Crosse; Fannie E. is a 
graduate of the high school; she was mar- 
ried Septem ber 14, 1887, to Homer T. Fowler, 
and resides at West Superior; her husband is 



BIOGRAPHfCAL HISTORY. 



265 



president of the State Bank of Wisconsin; 
they have three children. 

Dr. Alger is a member of the State Medi- 
cal Society of Wisconsin, and belongs to the 
Masonic order and to the A. O. U. W. The 
family are members of the Congregational 
Chnrch. 

^ARVEY J. FECK, one of the honored 
pioneers of the State of Wisconsin, is a 
resident of La Crosse county, and a 
history of this section would not be complete 
without an outline of his career. He was 
born in Chenango County, New York, and is 
the youngest son of a family of four children 
of Joseph and Ada (Parker) Peck, natives of 
Vermont and Connecticut. During his in- 
fancy his parents moved to Oneida county, 
where his youth and early manhood were 
passed; he attended the common schools and 
received some academic training. In 1838, 
at the age of twenty-one years, he came to 
Wisconsin, and for ten years was engaged in 
agricultural pursuits. Then he took up car- 
pentry, which trade he had learned while a 
resident of Green Bay, Wisconsin. Being 
impressed that La Crosse would be a good 
business center, he decided to locate here, his 
iirst introduction to the place being in 1851, 
when he was employed to build a dwelling 
fur Rev. W. H. Card, a Baptist minister of 
this city. He followed building and contract- 
ing for some years, principally at Oiialaska, 
where he resided until 18G4. 

in 1863 Mr. Peck was elected Clerk of the 
Qircuit Court of La Crosse county, a position 
he held for six years. In July, 1870, he was 
appointed by the Judges of the United States 
Court to the office of Clerk of the LTnlted 
States Circuit and District Courts, which 
position he has since held, a period of twenty- 



one years. He has been United States Court 
Commissioner about eighteen years. In 
connection with his official business he at- 
tends to a large insurance business, and loans 
money. 

He has been twice married; first, to Miss 
Lucinda Hickey, a native of New York, wiio 
was the mother of four children: Joseph, a 
resident of Onalaska; Cecelia, wife of H. 
Smith, a resident of Grant's Pass, Oregon; 
Hattie, the wife of W. H. Wadsworth, a 
resident of Madelia, Minnesota; and one child 
that died in infancy. Mrs. Peck died in 
1850, and six years afterward Mr. Peck was 
mavrieJ to Miss Carrie M. Lawrence, a native 
of the Empire State. No children have been 
born of this marriage. 

Mr. Peck has been a member of the I. O. 
O. F. for many years, and when a young man 
took an active part in the order. He and his 
wife arc members of the Baptist Church. 
Politically he affiliates with the Republican 
party, having voted with that body since its 
organization. He is a very prominent citi- 
zen, and is universally esteemed by his ac- 
quaintances. In all his official positions he 
has shown unusual capacity and an integrity 
of character that has placed him above the 
corruption which has crept into our political 
system. For twelve years he has been Notary 
Public, and in this, as in every other calling 
of life which he has entered, he has discharged 
his duty to the best of his ability'. 



^ 



If^.ON. GILBERT MOTIER WOOD- 
WARD, of the law firm of Losey & 
Woodward, was born in Washington, 
District of Columbia, December 25, 1835. 
He learned the printer's trade in Baltimore, 
being apprenticed in 1850. He worked as a 
printer and proof-reader in the latter city, at 



266 



BIOORAPUICAL HISTORY. 



Upper Marlborough, Maryland, and at Wash 
ington. District of Colunihia, UTitil the be- 
ginning of the year 1860. In Wasiiington 
he was employed the greater portion of the 
time on the National Intelligencer. In 
February, 1860, he removed to La Crosse, 
and entered upon the study of law in the 
office of Messinore & McKenney. He was 
admitted to the bar at EUck Biver Falls, 
Wisconsin, Judge George Gale presiding, 
but he did not immediately enter npon the 
practice of his profession, as it was at this 
time the civil war broke over this country. 

He enlisted in the La Crosse Light Guard, 
Company B, Second Wisconsin Volunteer 
Infantry, May 22, 1801, and was mustered 
into the United States service for three years, 
June 11, 1801, at Madison, Wisconsin. He 
was with his regiment in all the campaigns 
of the Army of the Potomac until the 
expiration of his term of enlistment. He 
received various promotions, as follows: 
Orderly Sergeant in September, 1861; Second 
Lieutenant in August, 1802; First Lieuten- 
ant in September, 1862, and Adjutant of his 
regiment in June, 1863. He was acting Aid- 
de-Camp of the First Brigade, First Division, 
First Army Corps (General James S. Wads- 
worth's Division), at the battle of Gettys- 
burg. In this engagement he received a 
severe gunshot wound in the riglit fore-arm. 
His services as Aid-de-Camp were continued 
during the Wilderness campaign. May 5 to 
June 11, 1804, his division being then a part 
of the Fifth Corps. He was mustered out of 
service at Madison, Wisconsin, June 80,1864, 
when he returned to La Crosse. 

In April of the following year he was 
elected City Attorney. In November, 1865, 
he was elected District Attorney of La 
Crosse county, and was re-elected in 1807, 
1869 and 1871. lie formed a law partner- 
ship with S. S. Burton in January, 1868, 



which continued until 1876. In 1874 he was 
elected Mayor of La Crosse, and discharged 
the duties of this office two years. He was 
again elected City Attorney of La Crosse in 
April, 1876, and held that position for sev- 
eral years. He was a delegate to the Na- 
tional Liberal Convention at Cincinnati in 
1872, and was a delegate to the National 
Democratic Convention in the same city in 
1880. In 1882 he was elected a member of 
Congress from the Seventh District of Wis- 
consin, but was defeated when a candidate 
for re-election in 1884; he was the Demo- 
cratic candidate for Governor of Wisconsin 
in 1886, *nd was a delegate at large from 
Wisconsin to the National Democratic Con- 
vention at St. Louis in 1888, and served as 
chairman of the delegation. January 1, 1889, 
the present law partnership of Losey & 
Woodward was formed. 

POLLEYS, one of the represent- 
e citizens of La Crosse and 
C"'s^)s:^i ^ ex-City Clerk, was born in the town 
of Baring, Washington county, Maine, May 
4. 1851, and is a son of William H. and 
Dora A. (Woodcock) Polleys, natives of 
Nova Scotia ai.d Maine respectively; the 
father was a lumlierman in Maine, and en- 
gaged in that business at an early day. He 
came West in 1849 when a trading post was 
all that was visible of Minneapolis; later he 
returned to Maine, and in 1856 he came to 
La Crosse; his family, however, did not come 
until the following year, when they located 
in Melrose. Mr. Polleys invested in land, 
and made a beautiful home there. For many 
years he was largely interested in the lumber 
business on Ulack river, and in 1870 he 
erected a steam sawmill at La Crosse. In 
1883 he embarked in the lumber business in 




BWOBAPHICAL HISTORY. 



367 



Georgia, and Iniilt a large steam sawmill at 
Bainbridge, which was afterward destroyed 
by fire. After this he returned to Melrose 
where he now lives. He has assisted materi- 
allj' in the growth and progress of this county, 
and has lent a helping hand to all material 
improvements. He enjoys the highest respect 
of the entire community. He is now in his 
sixty-ninth year; his wife died in June, 1887, 
aged fifty-eight years. Her life was one of 
great activity, and she was a woman of rare 
force of character, giving a strong vitality to 
any cause she espoused. She was a member 
of the First Baptist Church, and was an un- 
tiring worker in the church and Sabbath- 
school. To Mr. and Mrs. Polleys were born 
four children: W. E., the subject of this no- 
tice; Edgar H., Abner D. and Frank 0. 

W. E. Polleys was educated at Galesville, 
Wisconsin, and at the La Crosse Business 
College, being graduated from the latter in- 
stitution in 1871. He was bookkeeper for 
his father, and continued in that capacity for 
six years, when he and his brother, Edgar H., 
succeeded his father at La Caosse in the lum- 
ber business, the firm name being Polleys 
Bros. They carried on the business until 
1884, when they sold out and embarked in 
the lumber business at Bainbridge, Georgia; 
there they were burned out within a year's 
time, and returned to La Crosse. They are 
DOW engaged in the logging business on the 
Chippewa river, and are meeting with grati- 
fyiug success. 

Mr. Polleys was elected Clerk of La Crosse 
in 1887, and was re-elected in 1889, serving 
two terras, with a high degree of satisfaction 
to his constituency. 

He was united in marriage, September 4, 
1878, to Miss Emma L. Edwards, a daughter 
of George Edwards, and to them was born 
one child, Irene E. Tbe mother was called 
from this life June 11, 1891, at the age ot 



thirty-seven years. She was a woman of the 
rarest traits of character, devoted to her home 
and family, and beloved by a wide circle of 
acquaintance. She was a member of the 
Congregational Church Society. Mr. Pollfeys 
is one of the progressive business men of La 
Crosse, and has always favored those move- 
ments which have been along the line of ad- 
vancement. Politically he is identified with 
the Itepublican party, and is thoroughly 
posted upon all the leading issues of that 
body. 



^ATRICK KEAVEN Y, who has for many 

^ years been connected with the railroad 
"~5C business in La Crosse county, was born 
in Ireland in 1831, a son of John and Mary 
(Feiney) Keaveny. The father died in his 
native land, and the mother is still living, 
now a resident of La Crosse, at the age of 
eighty-six years. They had born to them 
eight children, seven of whom are living, 
four sous and three daughters, all having 
homes in La Crosse. Patrick Keaveny, the 
subject of the following biography, acquired 
an education in the old country, and was 
trained to the pursuit of agriculture. Until 
he was thirty- live years of age he followed 
this calling, and then, believing greater op- 
portunities would be offered him in America 
than in his own country, he emigrated to the 
United States. The first work he did was 
in Memphis, Tennessee, where he remained 
about six months; thence he came to La 
Crosse, arriving here in 1866. The river 
packet business was then in its prime, and 
for two years Mr. Keaveny was in the employ 
of Davidson & Co., in their packet ware- 
house. 

In 1868 he began his career as a railroad 
man, in the employ of the Chicago, Milwau- 



308 



RIOORAPHICAL DISTORT.^ 



kee & St. Paul Railroad Company, and after 
a few years of faithful service he was made 
section foreman, a position he still holds. 
During his twenty-one years' connection with 
this road, there has never been an accident 
that was dne to his neglect, which is, indeed 
a comfortino; reflection. 

Mr. Keaveny is a member of the Ancient 
Order of Hibernians, of the Catholic Knights 
of Wisconsin, and of the Total Abstinence 
Society. In politics he is independent, sup- 
porting those men whom he esteems best 
titled for the discharge of the duties of pub- 
lic office. 

In 1862 he was united in marriage, in Ire- 
land, to Miss Bridget "Walsh, a daughter of 
John and Catharine (Cusack) Walsh. Mrs. 
Keaveny's father was a farmer by occupation, 
and lived and died in his own country; her 
mother still survives, a resident of the Emer- 
ald It^le. Mr. and Mrs. Keaveny are the 
parents of six children, five of whom are liv- 
ing: Mary, the wife of E. J. Kelley, of the 
board of ))nblic works. La Crosse; Catharine, 
the wife of William Cragen, is the mother of 
three children; John isliving in Washington; 
Sabine and Delia arc both in La Crosse; 
Bridget died at the age of three years, five 
months and three days. The family are all 
devout members of the Catholic Church. 

fOUN M. CHILDERS, senior member of 
the firm of J. M. Childers & Co., cut- 
stone contractors, is a native of the State 
of Ohio, born at Letartville, Meigs county, 
May 24, 1851, and is a son of Samuel and 
Edith (DradKeld) Childers. The father was 
a shoemaker by trade, and was a native of 
Virginia. The Bradtield and Childers fami- 
lies were descended from the same ancestors. 
About the year 1858 Samuel K. Childers 



removed with his family to La Crosse, 
coming from Mason via the Ohio river down 
to the Mississip])i, and thence up the latter 
river to La Crosse, where our subject passed 
his youth. Here he learned the stone- 
cutter's trade, and has since February 17, 
1869, been identified with this industry. In 
1885 he formed a partnership with Thomas 
O'Coiiner for the purpose of entering into 
the stone contracting business, and they have 
built up a large and prosperous trade. 

Mr. Childers was united in marriage, June 
11, 1880, in the city of La Crosse, to Miss 
Minnie B. Brabender, of this place, a daugh- 
ter of Jacob Brabender, a native of Ger- 
many. Of this union two sons have lieen 
born: John M., Jr., June 22, 1S84, and 
George Roy, September 25, 1886. 

Mr. Childers is a man of broad public 
spirit, and has liberally sustained those 
movements which have had for their object 
the upbuilding of the city and connty. He 
is an active member of the Builders' Ex- 
change of La Crosse, and is numbered among 
the leading business men. 

XGUS CAMERON, of La Crosse, was 
born in the town of Caledonia, Livings- 
ton county, New York, July 4, 1826. 
He received an academic education, read law 
at Buffalo, and graduated from tlie National 
Law School at Ballston, Saratoga county, 
New York. lie was admitted to the bar at 
Albany in April, 1852. 

He married Mary Baker, of Urbana, Steu- 
ben county, New York, February 21, 1856, 
and removed to La Crosse in 1857. 

He was a member of the Wisconsin Senate 
in 1863, 1864, 1871 and 1872, and of the 
Assembly of Wisconsin in 1866 and 1867, 
and was Speaker of the Assembly in 1867. 




/^^^^^ OK^y^lyi<Ul^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL EISTOR Y. 



26n 



He was a Regent of the University of 
Wisconsin for nine years, from 1866 to 1875, 
and was Qnited States Senator from Wiscon- 
sin for ten years, from March 4, 1875, to 
March 4, 1885. 



-^^TyiA/b- 



~^l/mn^^ 



fREDERICK WILLIAM MOULD, pho- 
tographer, 413 South Third street, La 
Crosse, is a native of Baraboo, Wiscon- 
sin, born March 4, 1857. His parents, 
Matthew and Jane (Islip) Mould were natives 
of England, the fatiier being born in North- 
amptonshire, and the mother in Lincolnshire. 
They emigrated to America in 1850, and 
located in Newport, New York, where they 
resided si.x or seven years, subsequently re- 
mother still resides. The father died in 1890, 
at sixty-seven years of age. 

Of the family there were three sons and 
two daughters, of whom Frederick W. is the 
youngest; Mary J. is the widow of A. An- 
drews; Mattie married Henry Marriatt; 
Matthew Henry married Miss Jennie Buck- 
ley; he is engaged in the book and stationery 
business at Baraboo; Simmons I, married 
Miss Emma Burdick of Madison, Wisconsin, 
and is a photograplier at Baraboo. 

Frederick W. received his education in the 
public schools of Baraboo, and then began 
the study of photography witii his father, 
who liad followed that profession since 1857. 
In 1880 he estaljlished himself in business in 
La Crosse, being associated for a time with 
his father. In the spring of 1882 he became 
sole owner of the business and has since con- 
ducted it alone. He employes all of the 
latest improvements in the photographic art, 
and uses the instantaneous process. His 
work is lirst-class in every respect, and his 
patronage extends throughout this and two 
adjoining counties; and 

18 



he does a larger 



business than any other photographer in 
Western Wisconsin. He also does very fine 
work in India ink and crayon. 

Mr. Mould was united in marriage Sep- 
tember 3, 1881, to Miss Julia E. Sorensen of 
Madison, Wisconsin. She was Iiorn in that 
city December 3, 1859, and is a daughter of 
David T. Sorensen, a prominent lumber 
dealer and contractor of Madison. Mr. and 
Mrs. Mould are the parents of two children: 
Ida Florence, born January 5, 1884, and 
Gertrude Lora, born September 28, 1890. 
Mr. Mould is independent in political matters 
and sustains no society or church relations. 



-^^hO/l/ly 



-^l/inn^^ 



EOKGE W. BRICE, real-estate dealer. 
La Crosse, Wisconsin. — At the present 
time there is great activity in the realty 
market, and it is safe to say that never before 
in the history of the city have such advan- 
tages been offered to secure desirable property. 
Among those active in real-estate operations 
is George W. Brice, who is also engaged in 
the loan and insurance business at 116 Nortii 
Third street. He is a native of Franklin 
county, Berksliire township, Vermont, born 
February 9, 1836, and is a son of Alexander 
and Lucy (Wilbur) Brice, natives of New 
London, Connecticut, and Rutland, Vermont. 
The father was a farmer in early life, but 
later engaged in other operations. He was a 
private in the war of 1812, and for services 
rendered received a pension; he came to 
Wisconsin in 1843, and with his family set- 
tled on a farm at Sugar Creek, Walworth 
county, where they remained until 1855; in 
that year they came to La Crosse county and 
settled on what is known as Brice's prairie. 
There the parents died, and their remains 
were interred in the cemetery near the old 
homestead. Of the ten children born of this 



370 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



union, two died in early childhood, four 
dauirhters remained in the East, and four sons 
came West. The father's deatii occurred No- 
vember 11, 1874, in his eighty-sixth year, 
and the mother died July 26, 1865, at the 
age of seventy-two years. They were for 
many years devout members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Chursh. Of their sons, Charles 
C. is now living at Ilillhurst, in the State of 
AVashington; Milton and George W. enlisted 
on the same day, February 28, 1863, in Com- 
pany I, Thirty-sixth Wisconsin Volunteer 
Infantry, Army of the Potomac; another son, 
Robert, enlisted February 25th of the same 
year, in the same company. Their regiment 
was in the battle at the crossing of the North 
Anna, the Petersburg campaign, Spottsyl- 
vania and Cold Harbor; in the last battle, 
June 3, 1864, Milton Brice was killed; he 
was but thirty-two years of age. At the time 
of the surrender, George W. Brice was near 
Appomattox on his way from Buck's Run. 
In June, 1865, the regiment was sent to 
Louisville, Kentucky, and there mustered out 
of service, July 12, of the same year. 

After the war, farming engaged the atten- 
tion of Mr. Brice, until 1870, when he em- 
barked in the farming implement and pump 
business, in which he was utuisually successful, 
continuing the same until his election to tiie 
office of Registrar of Deeds for La Crosse 
county. 

Mr. Brice has had an extensive experience 
in official life. He held the position of Con- 
stable the first year he was a voter, and later 
was elected Justice of the Peace; he was 
elected Assessor of tiie town of Onalaska in 
1870, holding that position six years, and 
served on the County Board about nine years, 
being chairman of the same tiiree years. He 
was elected Registrar of Deeds in 1884, and 
served six years, three terms, in that capacity. 
A manly and trustworthy character only could 



have inspired such confidence and a faithful 
performance of duty only could have secured 
its continuance. In all his otHcial relations 
he rendered a high degree of satisfaction. 
He was again elected Supervisor in the spring 
of 1891, for the Fourteenth Ward of the 
city. 

He is succeeding well in the real estate 
and insurance business, and has earned a 
well- merited reputation for the conscientious 
and efficient manner with which he conducts 
affairs intrusted to his care. He is holding 
his third commission as Notary Public. 

Mr. Brice was married May 8, 1861, to 
Miss Eliza Courtriglit, a native of Illinois, 
and a daughter of Ansel Courtriglit, wlio 
went to California in 1849, and died there 
some time the following year. The children 
born of this union are: Harvey C, who is a 
civil engineer and has been in the employ of 
the Great Northern Railroad for four years; 
he has also held the office of County Surveyor 
one term; Robert E. is a clerk in the insur- 
ance business with his father whom he served 
as Deputy Registrar of Deeds during his last 
term in that office; Florence, who died at the 
age of two years; and Myrtle G., still living. 
Mrs. Brice is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

Mr. Brice has passed through all the chairs 
of Odd Fellowship, is also a member of the 
blue lodge, A. F. & A. M., having been W. 
M. of the lodge at Onalaska for two years; 
he belongs also to the chapter and cotn- 
mandry. In politics he has always been ac- 
tively identified with the Republican party. 
In business aflairs he has been quite prosper- 
ous; had his only purpose been to accumulate 
he would to-day take high rank among the 
wealthy men of La Crosse, but his aim has 
been loftier, nol>ler; his means have been dis- 
tributed with a liberal hand as many can 
attest, and those who h^ve sought his aid 



BIOORAPBIGAL HISTORY 



271 



have been generously helped along life's 
rugged pathway. In his intercourse with his 
fellow-citizens, he has been found true to 
every trust, competent and faithful in every 
position to which he has been called, honor- 
able and ujjright to the utmost degree. 



jl^-%,IRAM G. MILLER, Eclectic physician 
and surgeon, La Crosse, Wisconsin, was 
born at Virgil, Cortland county. New 
York, March 30, 1825, and is a son of Ben- 
jamin and Julia (Garrett) Miller. The mother 
was born at Sharon, Connecticut, of English 
ancestry; the father was a native of Williams- 
town, Massachusetts, and was a lineal de- 
scendant of the house of Hamilton. The 
paternal grandfather of our subject died at 
the age of ninety-nine years from the effects 
of a fall; he was a schoolteacher for more 
than forty years. The family was one of 
professional men, numbering among the dif- 
ferent generations many educators; they were 
large of stature, some measuring six feet, 
three and a half inches, and were a long-lived 
race. Hiram G. is the eldest son and second 
child in a family of eleven children. At the 
age of eleven years he removed with his 
father's family to Peoria, Illinois, where he 
received his elementary education; he entered 
Shurtleff College at Alton, Illinois, in 1847, 
and two years later he was caught in that 
mighty tide of emigration that swept to the 
gold fields of California; he went overland 
via the southern route, and was engaged in 
raining in the Yuba River locality for two 
years, meeting with fair success. 

When he returned to his home he began 
the study of medicine under the preceptorsliip 
of Dr. L. C. McKenney, at Burlnigton, Iowa; 
he pursued his studies for live years, and 
then engaged in practice at Rosefield, Illinois. 



He afterwards entered the Eclectic Medical 
Institute at Cincinnati, from which he was 
graduated in 1869. He then removed to 
La Crosse, where he has devoted himself to 
liis profession for the past twenty-three 
years. He has been eminently successful, 
and has established a fine reputation as a 
skillful and trustworthy physician. His pa- 
tients are not found alone in La Crosse 
county, but come from distant points. 

Dr. Miller was married July 16, 1868, to 
Miss Virginia E. McKenney, eldest daughter 
of Dr. L. C. and Lucinda (Clarke) McKenney, 
of La Crosse, Wisconsin. Dr. McKenney, 
who was the tutor uf Dr. Miller, was a promi- 
nent physician in Burlington, Iowa, but upon 
his removal to La Crosse he turned his at- 
tention to the law, in order to avoid the ex- 
posure attendant upon active medical practice. 
He died in this city April 19, 1887; his 
widow is still living, and resides in La Crosse. 
There were seven children in the McKenney 
family, four of whom are living. To Dr. 
and Mrs. Miller have been born five children: 
Lewis Benjamin, James Leslie, and Charles 
Willis, are deceased; Virginia E. and Hiram 
G., Jr., are aged eleven and eight years re- 
spectively. Mrs. Miller is a worthy member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The 
Doctor is an active member of the Prohibi- 
tion party, having allied himself with that 
moral reform in 1887. He was formerly a 
Democrat. 



-^ 



^. 



-S^ 



IHARLES J. ALDEN, United States 
Pension Claim Agent and War Claim 
Attorney, La Crosse, was born in Mon- 
roeton, Bradford county, Pennsylvania, July 
5, 1844. F'rom an examination of a carefully 
prepared genealogical record, we find that our 
subject is a direct descendant of John Alden, 



273 



BIOGliAPUIOAL HI STORY. 



who landed on Plymouth Rock December 
20, 1020. Tlie parents of Mr. Alden were 
Sylvester W. and Frances (Wilcox) Alden, 
natives of Bradford county, Pennsylvania. 
The father was born March 19, 1810, and the 
mother July 31, 1815. The former was a 
eon of Timothy Alden, be the son of Israel, 
lie the second son of Pev. I^oab Alden, and 
he, the youngest son of John Alden, born in 
1694:, and he the son of Joseph, born in 1624, 
and he the son of John Alden, from whom 
the family in America has sprung; be was 
born ill Duxbury, England, in 1599. The 
The father of our subject removed his family 
to Wisconsin, and became heavily interested 
in lumbering in the vicinity of Green Bay, 
at which place he died July 13, 1881. His 
wife died at Monroeton, Pennsylvania, Aug- 
ust 29, 1847. Two sons comprised tlieir 
family, De Alanson T. being the elder, and 
Charles J. the younger. The brothers en- 
listed in Company II., Twenty-first Wisc( n- 
sin Volunteer Infantry, August 15, 1862. 
De Alanson died of disease contracted in the 
service, June 2, 1864. Charles J. had a 
peculiar and varied military career. His first 
initiation being in Kentucky in pursuit of 
the rebel General Bragg. IJe first partici- 
pated in battle at Perryville; here his regi- 
ment suffered terribly, and after participating 
in many other battles he was difabled from 
activeservice and declared unfit lor duty. De 
was assignid to duty at General Carrington's 
head-quarters at Indianapolis, Indiana; later 
on he was iransferred to the headquarters of 
General Hovey, where he served until the 
close of the war. He was mustered out of 
service June 30, 1865. 

He then joined his father at Green Bay, 
Wisconsin, and was engaged in the lumber 
business until 1870, when he located at To- 
mali, Monroe county, Wisconsin, where he 
embarked in the mercantile trade; he had a 



branch establishment in Oakdale, Wisconsin. 
In 1876 he turned his attention to agricult- 
ure and operated a farm tor three years. He 
was married at New Lisbon, Wisconsin, Sep- 
tember 10, 1872, to Antoinette, daughter of 
Joseph and Dorcas Davidson. To them four 
children have been born: Frances May, Syl- 
vester W., Leola and Charles J., Jr. Mr. 
Alden is a Kepublican in politics. He be- 
longs to the Knights of Pythias, to the I. O. 
O. F., and to Wilson Caldwell Post, No. 88, 
G. A. li. 

Some twelve years ago Mr. Alden engaged 
in the pension and war-claims business, and 
established an office at Tomah, Wisconsin. 
Subsequently he removed to Sparta, and after 
three years there he came to La Crosse, the 
rapid increase of hbs business rendering it 
necessary for him to place himself within 
reach of better railroad and mail facilities. 
During the year just passed 35,000 let- 
ters were sent out from his office, besides 
many thousand circulars. Fully $2,000 
are spent annually in advertising. He has 
been instrumental in securing the allowance 
of claims from every State in the Union. A 
close application to business, with ample fa- 
cilities and access to records renders Mr. 
Alden a very successful practitioner in his 
line. He has accumulated valuable records 
and information relative to the pension laws, 
liavino- full tiles of circulars and legal docu- 
ments issued by the Pension Department. 
To give an idea of bis increase of business 
since 1883, it may be noted that the number 
of claims allowed in that year was seventy - 
two, and in 1890, 937. 



■ g - 3 " ; - g ' 



l> w —- 



ATT. WANNEBO, dealer in staple 
and fancy groceries, flour, provisions, 
choice butter, etc., at La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, has gained a front position in his 




BIOGRAPHIVAL HIHTOBY. 



273 



line of trade, and numbers among his patrons 
some of the best families of the city. The 
stock he carries consists of a full line of the 
choicest articles to be found in the market, 
and are to be obtained at most reasonable 
prices. Mr. Wannebo was born in Norway, 
August 18, 1851, being the youngest of four 
children born to his parents, who were born, 
reared and died in Norway. Two of the 
children, besides the subject of this sketch, 
reside in La Crosse county, and one resides 
on a farm in Minnesota. On a farm in Nor- 
way Matt. Wannebo was reared, but in 1870 
he came to America and settled in La Crosse 
county, and for some time worked by the 
month on a farm. His brother Andrew set- 
tled on a farm here in 1865; Otto came to 
this country in 1867, and the sister Annie, 
who became the wife of Louie Knudsen, 
came thitlier in 1869. After one year spent 
as a farm hand, Matt. Wannebo went to the 
pineries of Wisconsin, where he worked as a 
millwright for eight years, after which he re- 
turned to La Crosse and built the handsome 
store building in which he is now doing 
business. Its dimensions are 24 x 80, two 
stories in height, and it is located in a con- 
venient district for trade, at the corner of 
Clinton and Caledonia streets. Every facil- 
ity for the prompt transaction of business is 
here to be found, and in all respects it is an 
A 1 house and a representative one in the 
grocery business of the city. Butter and 
eggs are received direct from the producers, 
and all kinds of the best fruit and vegetables 
that are in season are to be obtained at his 
establishment. Upon coming to America he 
was compelled to bori'ow money with which 
to pay his passage, but he is now in inde- 
pendent circumstances and has the satisfac- 
tion of knowing that his present success is 
due to his own pluck and industry. He is a 
broad-spirited, liberal-minded man, of the 



highest business capacity, and honored in all 
circles of society. He has held the positions 
of Alderman and Supervisor with ability and 
to the satisfaction of his constituents. He 
is a Republican in politics, and his influence 
has always been given in support of educa- 
tional, social and moral interests. Septem- 
ber 27, 1882, his marriage to Miss Otilia 
Evanson was celebrated. Her parents were 
natives of Norway, and her mother is now 
an old resident of La Crosse county. Her 
father was a soldier in tlie Union army 
during the Rebellion, serving from the be- 
ginning until the close. Mrs. Wannebo and 
a single daughter, Emma, are their only sur- 
viving children, the latter being also a resi- 
dent of La Crosse. Mr. and Mrs. Wannebo 
are the parents of the following children: 
Henry, Morris, Arthur, George and Eva. 
Mr. Wannebo is a member of the L O. O. F., 
of which he is a zealous and active member. 



,ARSHALL CONANT, a highly re- 
spected citizen of La Crosse, Wis- 
consin, wa.s born at Malone, Frank- 
lin county. New York, and is the youngest 
son of Leonard and Eunice (Bates) Conant. 
His parents were natives of Windsor county, 
Vermont, and removed to New York about 
1820, where they were married, at Fort Cov- 
ington. The paternal grandfather was born 
at Bridgewater, Massachusetts, January 28, 
1758; the maternal grandfather, Joseph 
Bates, was born at Middleboro, Massachu- 
setts, March 10, 1762, and was a soldier in 
tiie Revolutionary war; he married Miss 
Lucy Lee, who was born in Windsor county, 
Vermont, October 28, 1764; she died at Ma- 
lone, New York, July 13, 1862, in her 
ninety-eighth year. The mother of our sub- 
ject was born November 24, 1795, and died 




274 



BIOGRAPHICAL UI STORY. 



at Malone, New York, February 6, 1S80. 
Ill's father was twice married; his first wife 
was Miss Lucy Cleveland, a native of Pom- 
fret, Vermont, and one child was born of the 
union, Lucy, who married Ileury V. Jnd- 
eon. There were two children of the second 
marriage: Azro 11, now a resident of Ma- 
lone, New York, and the subject of this 
notice. 

Marshall Conant was educated in the 
public schools and at Franklin Academy, 
Malone, New York. At the early age of 
sixteen years he began teaching school, and 
followed the profession until 1848; during 
these years his leisure time was devoted to 
the study of law. In his youth he was a 
music pupil of Lowell Mason, of Boston, and 
sang one season in his choir. He was present 
at the noted celebration on Bunker Hill, June 
17, 1843, when Daniel Webster delivered his 
memorable oration on the completion of the 
Bunker Hill monument. He taught both 
vocal and instrumental music until 1848, 
when he was admitted to practice as an at- 
torney at a general term of the Supreme 
Court at Canton, St. Lawrence county. New 
York. He was engaged in legal work at 
Malone, New York, until October, 1851, 
when he was appointed to a position in the 
general offices of what is now known as the 
Vermont Central Railway system. He was 
promoted from one position to another until 
he was made chief clerk, having charge of all 
the books of the company. In December, 
1866, he came West as land commissioner 
for the Southein Minnesota Railroad Com- 
pany, and served in that capacity until Au- 
gust, 1872, with headquarters at La Crosse, 
Wisconsin. Subsequently the offices were 
removed to Wells, Minnesota, but were re- 
turned to La Crosse in 1878, when he again 
entered the employ of the company. At the 
end of three years the entire business was 



sold to the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul 
Railroad Company, when he embarked in the 
real-estate business on his own account. 

Mr. Conant was married June 6, 1849, to 
Miss Caroline F. Man, a native of West 
Constable, New York, and a daughter of 
Ebenezer and Caroline Mhu, natives of New- 
Haven, Addison county, Vermont. Her 
mother was born August 23, 1802, her 
maiden name being Hoyt; the father was 
born April 26, 1798; they were married 
April 25, 1822, and six children were born 
to them, two of whom arc now living. Mr. 
and Mrs. Conant are the parents of two chil- 
dren; Eben Leonard was born February 12, 
1851, and May C, May 22, 1866. The son 
is employed in his father's office; both chil- 
dren are unmarried. Mr. Conant has all his 
life been a close student; he takes a deep in- 
terest in the study of astronomy, and is ex- 
ceptionally well informed upon this science, 
while his musical education is worthy of 
more than passing notice. He is identified 
with the Republican party, with which he 
has voted since its organization. Mrs. Conant 
is a consistent member of the Congregational 
Church. 

fOllN JAY COLE.— The subject of this 
biographical sketch is a descendant of 
the early settlers of Connecticut, but 
almost the opposite of a Puritan. Whether 
this is from degeneration of stock or from 
modern ideas, is for the Puritan and Agnostic 
to answer. His grandfather, following the 
"westward course of empire,'' removed to the 
State of New York, and John Jay Cole was 
born in Albany, the capital of that State, 
August 29, 1824; there he lived until the 
age of thirty-two years. He received a thor- 
ough literary education, and after pursuing 



BIOGRAPHICAL HI STORY . 



875 



a course in t!ie study of the law and some 
experience as manager of a law tinn, lie was 
admitted to the bar of the old Supreme Court 
of New York, and separately to the Court of 
Chancery, in 1846. He was Assistant Dis- 
trict Attorney at Albany, and practiced his 
profession in that city until his removal to 
Wisconsin. He settled in La Crosse in 
August, 1859, and has practiced law thei-e 
from that time to the present. He has been 
a candidate for several offices, such as Dis- 
trict Attorney, City Attorney, Member of 
the Assembly and State Senator. He would 
not accept a nomination for any office ex- 
cepting of the kind indicated, but he has been 
for many years, and is now. United States 
Commissioner and State Court Commissioner. 
He is a good Latin and Greek scholar, reads 
both the German and French languages, 
and speaks German fluently; he is self-taught 
in the latter language, and as to general in- 
formation he has been called a walking 
encyclopaidia. 

His father's name was John O. Cole, who 
was a Police Judge of Albany, New York, 
for almost forty years, being elected regard- 
less of politics by large majorities and 
through many fluctuations of the party ma- 
jority in Albany. After his voluntary 
retirement from that office, he accepted the 
office of Superintendent of Public Schools of 
Albany, and died while serving in that capa- 
city, at the age of eighty-four years. His 
son, Charles "W. Cole, succeeded him in that 
office, which he has since held. 

John J. Cole was married October 13, 
1846, to Mary A. P. Lee, at Albany, New 
York; she was a daughter of Thomas Lee, a 
well-known citizen of Albany. The fruit of 
this marriage was one son, Thomas L. Cole, 
who died in childhood, and Theodore L. Cole, 
of Washington, District of Columbia; he 
married Kate Dunn Dewey, a daughter of 



ex-Governor Dewey, of Wisconsin, and 
granddaughter of Charles Dunn, first Chief 
Justice of Wisconsin, and of this union one 
child has been born, named Felix. After 
the death of Mary A P. Cole, in 1865, an 
interval of several years elapsed before Mr. 
Cole was married to Louisa £. L. Smith, at 
La Crosse. 

They are the parents of two sons: Lucius 
J., born November 14, 1878, and Herbert 
Spencer Cole, born P^ebruary 7, 1881. 

Mr. Cole's branch of the somewhat numer- 
ous Cole family has not traced its genealogy 
to the ancestor or ancestors who emigrated 
to America. They came from England, or 
perhaps Ireland, although of English stock. 
The Earl of Enniskillen (Ireland) is a Cole. 

The first ancestors in this country must 
have come prior to the Revolutionary war, 
probably over 200 years ago. 

Mr. Cole's nearest=relatives live at Albany, 
New York, so that he is somewhat isolated 
from his kith and kin in his Wisconsin home. 

During the war of the Rebellion, he was a 
War Democrat, a phrase known in that time 
as a Northern Democrat, adhering to the 
organization of the Northern Democratic 
party, but standing strongly for the Union 
Im all the issues of the war, hoping for the 
early success of the Northern armies against 
the South. 

— ->*- "^ ' 3"S ' |" "' 



JI^HENDELL L. A. ANDERSON, M. D., 
wffl/fl ^'^° ^^^ nearly twenty years was 
&^^^ actively engaged in the practice of 
medicine in La Crosse, is deserving of the 
space that has been accorded him in this re- 
cord of the leading men of the county of La 
Crosse. He was born in the town of Gray, 
Maine, September 9, 1840, and received his 
preparatory education in the common schools 



276 



BIOORAPUIGAL UiSTORY. 



of tliat place. In 1853 lie entered the Gor- 
Iiam Academy, Gorliain, Maine, and was a 
student tliere four years. Ele then entered 
the Freshman class ot" Bowdoin College, but 
did not complete the course there. Having 
chosen the profession of medicine, in the 
summer of 1859 he began the study of the 
science under the preceptorship of his father, 
who w.as then a prominent physician of Gray, 
Maine. In the winter of 18G0-'G1 he attended 
medical lectures at the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons, New York city, and afterwards 
continued his studies at the Portland School 
for Medical Instruction until the autumn of 
1801, when he entered the regular army of 
tile United States as a medical cadet. lie 
was assigned to duty at Annapolis, Maryland, 
and remained there until the fall of 1862, 
when he again attended lectures at the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, New York 
city; he was graduated from this well-known 
institution in March, 1863, and in April uf 
the same year he was appointed Assistant 
Surgeon of the Third Maryland Volunteer 
Infantry; he served with this regiment in the 
Held at Ciiancellorsville, Gettysburg, and in 
all its subsequent engagements with tiie 
Army of the Potomac from the wilderness to 
Lee's surrender. In March, 18G4, he was 
commissioned Surgeon of his regiment with 
the rank of Major. 

After the war was ended, and he resumed 
his professional labors, he attended another 
course of lectures in New York city, and 
came to La Crosse in February, 1866, and 
entered into active practice. From 1869 to 
1873 he was United States Examinina: Sur- 
geon for pensions in this city, his territory 
including La Crosse, La Crosse county, and 
the adjacent country. He was city physician of 
La Crosse from 1870 to 1875, andao-aiu from 
1877 to 1881. He was a member of the Wis- 
consin State Medical Society from 1871 until 



he retired from active practice. He lias been 
a ci<jse student of the science of medicine, 
and during the years of his practice kept fully 
abreast of the times in all the latest discov- 
eries and most approved methods of treat- 
ment. 

Dr. Anderson was president of the Board 
of Education from 1873 to 1877, and was 
chairman of the Democratic State Central 
Committee in 1875 and 1876. In September. 
1881, he was nominated by the Democratic 
party for the otHceof Lieutenant-Governor of 
Wisconsin, and was at the time again made 
chairman of the Democratic State Committee; 
he served in the latter capacity nntil Juiie, 
1885, when he resigned the position, having 
been appointed by President Cleveland, 
Consul General to Montreal. He discharged 
the duties of this office until July, 1889, 
when lie returned to his home. 

Dr. Anderson was married in March, 1864, 
to Miss Susie M., daughter of John G. Small, 
of I5oston, Massachusetts. Of this union six 
children have been born, three of whom sur- 
vive: John W., the eldest, was educated in 
the public schools of this city, spent one year 
at Cornell College, and entered the law depart- 
ment of the University of Michigan; he wae 
graduated from this school in 1890, and is 
now practicing law in Detroit, Michigan; 
Greeley S. is employed in the La Crosse Na- 
tional Bank, and Spencer E. is in school; the 
other three children died in infancy. 

The Doctor, with a few other gentlemen of 
philanthropic spirit, was instrumental in 
organizing the La Crosse Library Association 
in 1878; the association is still in existence, 
although under another name. The Doctor 
was chairman of the lecture committee for 
several years, and devoted himself earnestly 
to the success of the enterprises. To all 
those persons who have interested themselves 
in supplying standard literature to the youth 



BIOGRAPHWAL HISTORY. 



277 



of La Crosse, a lasting debt of gratitude is 
due, and the service cannot be too liighlj ap- 
preciated. Dr. Anderson belongs to the 
Masonic fraternity, though he is not in active 
membership. 

jLBERT BELLERUE, one of the leading 
pharmacists of La Crosse, is an Ameri 
can citizen by adoption. He was born 
in iSorway, at Kongsbero;, June 18, 1849, 
and is a son of Halvar and Elizabeth (Bryhn) 
Bellerue. The father was a merchant hy oc- 
cupation, and when Albert was fifteen years 
of age removed with his family to Chris- 
tiania. In this city our subject grew to man- 
hood, and received a thorough education in 
the public schools; this excellent instruction 
was supplemented by a literary and classical 
course of study in the high school of Kongs- 
berg. Having chosen the profession of Phar- 
macy for his life work, he entered the Uni- 
versity of Christiania, where he completed a 
very exhaustive course of study, and was 
graduated from the pharmaceutical depart- 
ment. 

In 1876, he crossed the sea to America, and 
located in La Crosse, where he secured em- 
ployment as a clerk for a time. He next 
spent six months in Chicago, returning at the 
end of that period to La Crosse. In 1878, 
he went to Blair, Wisconsin, and there estab- 
lished a business which he has since conducted; 
he remained there, himself, but two years, 
coming back to La Crosse in 1880. He then 
purchased the business of Mr. Heyerdahl, 
and in this enterprise he has met with marked 
success. 

Mr. Bellerue was united in marriage in La 
Crosse, Wisconsin, to Miss Clara Jaekwitz, a 
native of Norway, and a daughter of C. R. 
Jaekwitz, a native of Christiania. Two sons 



and one daughter have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Bellerue: Victor, Helen and Albert. 

Mr. Bellerue is a member of the Norden 
Society, of the Norwegian Workingmen's 
Society, and of the Wisconsin Pharmaceuti- 
cal Association. He is a man of intelligence, 
thorouglily well posted in his business, and 
in every way worthy of the confidence which 
he enjoys. 

»-^|*iwf-|«-~ 

fAMES A. TRANE, plumber and con- 
tractor for steam and hot-water heating 
apparatus, is a native of Norway, born 
at Tromsoe, on the shores of the Baltic sea, 
April 29, 1857. He is a son of Rasmus and 
Christiana (Hegel und) Trane, who emigrated 
to America in 1864, going directly to the 
city of La Crosse after arriving in New York 
city. The father was a printer by occupation, 
and followed this calling for many years; his 
death occurred March 14, 1888, and his re- 
mains were interred with the religious cere- 
monies of the Lutheran Church. His widow 
stiil survives. Of their family, three sons 
are living: James A., the subject of this 
notice; Nicholas H., an engineer residing in 
St. Paul; and Ernest A., associated with 
James A. in business. 

When Mr. Trane was a lad of fourteen 
years he began to serve an apprenticeship in 
the shop of W. A. Roosevelt, and when he 
had completed his trade he worked as a jour- 
neyman in this city until 1885, when he 
embarked in business on his own account. 
He has conducted a very successful and well- 
ordered establishment, and has won a place in 
the front ranks of the craft. 

He was married to Miss Mary Miller, a 
native of Brownsville, Minnesota, a daughter 
of William and Mary (Gaab) Miller, natives 
*»f Germany. Of this union one son and 



278 



BIOQRAPUIGAL HISTORY. 



three daiicjliters have been born: Susie, Jessie, 
Reuben and Stella. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Trane are members of the Colmaii Methodist 
Episcopal Church, of which he is trustee and 
steward. He is one of the zealous members 
of the Builders' Exchange of La Crosse; be- 
longs to the Norwegian Workingnien's So- 
ciety, to the Board of Trade, and is a stock- 
holder of the State Fair Association. 



-^■^x/TM/b- 



■^Jlfiny^ 



SLURIAN WOLF, a farmer and stock- 
raiser of section 5, Bangor township, 
was born in Sauk county, Wisconsin, 
Marc-h 28, 1848, a son of Andrew Wolf, now 
deceased. The latter was born in Switzer- 
land June 6, 1819, and came to the United 
States in 1840, settling at Highland, Illinois. 
Three years later he removed to Sank county, 
Wisconsin, where, May 18, 1845, he married 
Christine Rnedy, a daughter of Florian and 
Anna Knedy, who came to tiiis county in 

1851, settling in Dutch Valley, this township. 
Mr. and Mrs. Wolf came to this county in 

1852, settling where our subject now lives, 
which was then a wild country, inhabited by 
Lidians and wild animals. At one time a 
drunken Indian came to their home and at- 
tacked Mrs. Wolf, who dodged his strokes 
until another Indian came along and per- 
suaded him to leave her. The parents had 
seven children, only three of whom survive, 
namely: Florian, our subject; Andrew, who 
lives in Bangor, and Christian, a resident 
of Iroquois, South Dakota. One son, Cas- 
per, died March 8, 1883, at the age of twenty- 
seven years; and a daughter, Anna, died 
January 12, 1886. She was the wife of John 
Schiedt, and at her death left tive children, 
four of whom are now living: Christine, 
Lizzie, Annie and Mary. Our subject's 
brother, Andrew, married Minnie Buoly 



lives in Bangor, and has two children, Edwin 
and Eugene. Christian married Mary Myers, 
resides in Minor county. South Dakota, and 
has three children: Louise, Reinhold and 
Christian. The father died May 9, 1867, 
and the mother now lives with the subject of 
this sketch. 

Florian Wolf, our subject, owns a one- 
fourth interest in the Bangor Cheese Factory, 
which manufactures 500 pounds of cheese 
daily, and which they sell mainly in La 
Crosse, but also ship to Winona and St. Paul. 
They make a specialty of brick and Swiss 
cheese, both of which took first premium at 
the Interstate fair at La Crosse, in 1890. 
Tiieir American cheese also took firstpreminm 
at the same time and place. Politically Mr. 
wolf is a Democrat, but takes little interest 
in political matters, and, socially, he is a mem- 
ber of the A. O. U. W. He has been a 
member of the Side Board several years, and 
has also held school offices. 

He was married November 23, 1867, to 
Eliza, daughter of George Scheldt, a native 
of Switzerland. Her father lived in this 
county several years, and estaljlished the 
woolen mill on Dutch Creek. The children 
of Florian and Eliza Wolf are: Andrew, 
Lizzie, George and Christina. 




. PAMMEL, general agent for the 
Union Central Life Insurance Com- 
l)any of Cincinnati, Ohio, for the 
Western District of Wisconsin, was born in 
La Crosse in the first brick store building 
ever erected in the city, February 2, 1862, 
his parents being Louis and Sophia (Frei6e^ 
Pammel, who were born, reared and married 
in Germany. In 1852 they came to the United 
States, and after two years' residence in Mil- 
waukee they settled in La Crosse, the father's 



BIOGRAPHIGAL HISTORY. 



279 



business at that time being tliat of a butcher. 
He is now residing on a farm in La Crosse 
county, which is under the management of a 
son, Herman A. It is one of tlie largest and 
best farms in the county, and a large portion 
of it is given to stock-raising, which has 
proven a protitable industry. The father was 
County Commissioner for about fifteen years, 
and although somewhat advanced in years is 
still interested in the welfare of this section. 
He is thoroughly conversant with the hard- 
ships and deprivations incident to the Wis- 
consin pioneer, and thoroughly sympathizes 
with those who have to tight the battle of 
life with limited means. He and his worthy 
wife thoroughly enjoy their comfortable home, 
and the knowledge that it has been honestly 
earned by their own efforts, is sweet to them. 
Mr. Pammel is sixty- two years of age, and 
Ins wife is fifty-eight. They reared the fol- 
lowing family of children: Matilda, wife of 
Louis Koch, a market gardener and the owner 
of a small farm; Professor Louis PL, who is 
Professor of Botany in the Iowa State Agri- 
cultural College, his wife being Gussie Emrael 
of Chicago; G. J.; Herman H., who is the 
manager of his father's stock farm; Dora, a 
graduate of the La Crosse high school, and 
Emma, attending the Iowa Agricultural Col- 
lege. 

G. J. Pammel was educated in La Crosse, 
and for four years traveled for the dry-goods 
firm of Emil Freise & Co., Chicago, of which 
firm he was junior member for five years. 
On January 15, 1891, he entered upon his 
present business, his district containing tlie 
counties of La Crosse, Trempealeau, Buffalo, 
Jackson, Monroe, Vernon, Richland, Craw- 
ford, and Juneau. He is succeeding admira 
bly in this new enterprise and has every 
promise of a bright future before him. 

Jnne 3, 188-t, he was married to Miss 
Emma Burmeister, daughter of Henry Bur- 



meister of Chicago, a retired merchant who 
is still living. They have one child, Henry 
Louis, a bright and promising little lad. Mr. 
Pammel is a member of the Kniehts of 
Pythias, was a member of the Grand Lodge 
of Illinois, for two years; the order of the 
Iron Hall; the Deutscher Verein, and the La 
Crosse Turngemeinde. He is secretary of 
the Fire Department of the city. He takes 
little interest in politics, but usually votes for 
whomsoever he considers the best man. In 
business he has been eminently successful, is 
thoroughly efficient in the discharge of his 
duties, and uniformly courteous and obliging 
in his methods, a secret doubtless of his 



success. 



-^}^ 



A. KREBAUM, contractor for plumb- 
ing and steam heating apparatus, is 
'* the president of the Builders' Ex- 
change of La Ci-osse, and is a prominent 
member of the commercial cii'cles in La 
Crosse county. He is a native of the State 
of Illinois, born in Lewistown, Fulton county, 
in 1860. His parents are Fred and Sybil 
Krebaum, some of whose ancestors came from 
Germany. His father was a farmer by occu- 
pation and emigrated to America in 1835, 
sailing from Bremen. 

Mr. Krebaum passed his youth at Havana, 
Illinois, and at the age of nineteen years 
began to serve an apprenticeship to the busi- 
ness which he has since followed. For this 
purpose he went to Peoria, Illinois, and at 
the expiration of his apprenticeship he worked 
for one year as a journeyman. He afterward 
spent a short time in Lincoln, Nebraska, and 
from tiiat city went to Chicago, where he re- 
mained two and a half years; there he was 
engaged in the plumbing business until 
1885. when he accepted a position with W. 



280 



BIOORAFHICAL HISTORY. 



A. Roosevelt and came to La Crosse. In the 
February following he became one of the in- 
corporators of the Roosevelt Company, and 
remained with this organization for one year. 
He then withdrew to enter into business re 
lations with D. J. Slattery, the firm name 
being Krebaum & Slattery. At the end of 
live months Mr. Krebaum purchased his 
partner's interest and since then has con- 
ducted the business alone. Among the mauy 
buildings he has furnished with heating ap- 
paratus may be mentioned St. Ann's Orphan- 
age, St. Francis' Ilospital, and many of the 
most elegant residences of the city. He has 
recently purchased the City Steam Laundi-y, 
and is about to enlarge it and move it to 
Main street. 

Upon tiie organization of the Builders' 
Exchange Mr. Krebaum gave that enterprise 
a very cordial support, and assisted materially 
in perfecting its incorporation. lie had the 
honor to be elected its first president, an 
office he still holds. 



JMIL ERNEST KOWALKE, Alderman 
for the seventeenth ward of La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, has been a resident of the 
city since his childhood. He was born at 
Dantzig, Prussia, August 23, 1861, and is a 
son of Louis and Carolina (Gillmeister) Ko 
walkc. His parents emigrated to America in 
1807, landing in the city of New York. 
Thence they continued their journey to La 
Crosse, where they resided twenty-two years; 
they then went to Minneapolis, Minnesota. 
The father is a carpenter and contractor. 
The family consists of four sons and two 
daughters, two sous and a daughter bavins 
been born in Prussia. Emil Ernest passed 
his youth in this city, and when he left 
school went to learn the trade of a millwright. 



He followed this occupation throughout the 
Western part of this country, returning to 
La Crosse in 1883, when he engaged in the 
grocery trade. He has won a fair patronage, 
and has every prospect of the most satisfact- 
ory results. 

Our subject is serving his first term as 
Alderman for his ward and has discharged 
the duties which have devolved upon him in 
a manner reflecting great credit upon him 
and upon his constituency. He is a member 
of the Sons of Hermann, of the Third Ward 
Aid Society, of which he is treasurer, and of 
the Governor's Guard. 

Mr. Kowalke was united in marriage to 
Miss Minnie Bauer of this city, a daughter 
of George and Theresa (Neumeister) Bauer, 
natives of Bavaria and Austria respectively. 



-^^>yi/l/l/' 



•Z/irw.^^ 



fOHN JOSEPH STANEK, marble and 
granite worker, La Crosse, is interested 
in one of the most important industries 
of the city. He was born in Illmau, Austria, 
October 24, 1859, and is a son of Joseph and 
Catherine (Schaufler) Stanek. His parents 
bade farewell to their native land, crossed the 
sea to America in 1865, and after their ar- 
rival here settled at Winona, Minnesota. 
There they lived four years and then went to 
Chicago, remaining in that city two years. 
At the end of that period they came to La 
Crosse, where the father has followed his 
trade of stone mason ; he is also a plasterer, 
and has carried on a prosperous business in 
his adopted country. 

The family consists of three children: 
Frank, the eldest, is a brick mason by trade; 
Mary is the wife of Frank Padecky, a ma- 
chinist of La Crosse; John Joseph, the sub- 
ject of this notice, grew to maturity in La 
Crosse, and here learned the trade of marble 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



281 



and granite worker. In 1887 he opened a 
business on his own account, which lie has 
conducted with marked success; his sys- 
tematic methods and his liigli and honorable 
dealing have made a place for him in com- 
mercial circles of which any man might be 
proud. 

Mr. Stanek was married in this city to 
Miss Clara KoUer, a daughter of Michael and 
Christina (Hafenbratel) Koller, who emi 
grated to America in 18 — , and settled in 
the State of Indiana, but later on removed to 
La Crosse. Mr. and Mrs. Stanek are the 
l>arent8 of two daughters, Delia M. and Helen 
M., and one son, Victor L. They are both 
members of the Roman Catholic Church, 
belonging to the congregation of St. 
Joseph. Mr. Stanek is a member of the 
choir, and also belongs to the Catholic Knights 
of America. 

|ICHARD T. DAVIS is a member of 
I the firm of Davis, Sorenson & Co.. 
contractors and builders, La Crosse, 
Wisconsin. He is a native of the State of 
Wisconsin, born at Madison, September 23, 
1847, and is a son of Richard T. Davis, Sr. 
His father was a native of Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, and wa? a carpenter by occu- 
pation. In 1836 he removed to Wisconsin 
and settled in Madison. He was united in 
marriage, at Green Bay, Wisconsin, to Miss 
Harriet Maples, whose death occurred when 
our subject was nine years of age. Richard 
T., Jr., was educated in Madison, and at the 
age of fourteen years he went to learn the 
carpenter's trade. After serving his ap- 
prenticeship he worked as a journeyman 
until the breaking out of the civil war. He 
enlisted and worked at his trade in the 
service of the United States Government 



until the close of hostilities. From 1882 to 
1885 he was employed in the construction of 
the State University, and during this time 
he gave some instruction in carpentry and 
wood-work. 

In 1887 Mr. Davis formed a partnership 
with Mr. Sorrensen, and they came to La 
Crosse and established their present plant. 
They give employment to about thirty 
skilled workmen, and do an annual business 
of $300,000. They make a specialty of 
side-boards, mantels, store and bar fixtures, 
and tine hard-wood work. Mr. Davis assisted 
in the organization of the Builders' Exchange 
and has been one of its most energetic sup- 
porters. 

He was united in marriage, in Madison, 
Wisconsin, to Miss Annie Leonard, of that 
city, a daughter of Michael and Margaret 
Leonard. Of this union three sons and four 
daughters have been born: Hattie, Maud, 
Mary, Annie, Tunis, Loyd and Harry. 

H. PUTNAM.— It will be unani- 
mously conceded that the well ap- 
* pointed restaurant fills an imjiortant 
niche in the sum total of any city's acquisi- 
tions, and it is in such connection that due 
mention is made of the establishment be- 
longing to Mr. Putnam, which is located at 
205 Pearl street, La Crosse, Wisconsin. He 
is one of the pioneer settlers of the county, 
but was born at Ogdetisburgh, New York, 
in 1834, his parents, Isaac and Mary (Dual) 
Putnam, being natives of Herkimer county, 
that State. In 1854 they came to La Crosse 
county, Wisconsin, and, altera short residence 
in the town, removed to Sparta, where they 
are still residing, the father being seventy- 
eight years of age, and the mother seventy- 
seven years old. C. H. Putnam assisted his 



282 



BIOGRAPHICAL BISTORT. 



fatlier until April, 1861, when he enlisted in 
Company I, Fourth Wisconsin Cavalry, 
beincf the second man to volunteer I'rom 
Sparta. His services, however, were rejected 
on account of his being under age, but he 
soon after enlisted in the Tiiird Wisconsin 
Cavalry, with which he served until dis- 
ciiarged, February, 1863, on account of 
wounds received in the railroad wreck of 
March 29, 1862, near Chicago, Illinois. After 
recovering, he, in the fall of 1863, enlisted 
in the Twenty-tilth Wisconsin Infantry, com- 
manded by Colonel Jeremiah Kusk, present 
Secretary of Agriculture, and served with 
that regiment until the first months of 1865, 
when he was transferred to the Twelfth Wis- 
consin Infantry, with which he remained 
until mustered out of the service in 1865. 
lie was with General Sherman on his march 
to the sea. He was wounded in the knee by 
a niinie ball in the peach orchard in front of 
Kenesaw Mountain in Georgia, and carries 
the scar to this day. tie took part in the 
grand review of troops at Washington, Dis- 
trict of Columbia, and after arriving home 
was married to Miss Sarah M. Smith, daugh- 
ter of K. G. and Katie (Schimmerhorn) 
Smith, both natives of New York. The 
father died in 1877, and the mother died 
February 29, 1892, at Sparta, being in her 
ninety-first year. After his marriage Mr. 
Putnam followed farming for one year, after 
which he began dealing in windmills and 
pumps, which business occupied his time 
and attention until 1885, after which he 
opened a restaurant at Menominee, where he 
remained three years. Upon selling out he 
moved to Eau Claire, where he was engaged 
in the confectionery business, but since 1890 
has been iu his present business in La Crosse. 
His place of business is near the Burlington 
& Northern passenger depot, and Mr. Put- 
nam has built up a good trade. He and his 



wife have two daughtero: Frances M., born 
in 1868, now the wife of W. D. Patterson, 
who is city electrician at Beloit, Wisconsin, 
managing the electric lighting of that city; 
they have one daughter, Juiietta; and Kate, 
who was born in Eau Claire in 1882. Mr. 
Putnam is a popular member of the Wilson 
Colwell Post of the G. A. R., and has been 
a life-long Democrat. He is one of the old 
residents of the county, and has seen La 
Crosse grow from a hamlet of si.xty holises 
to a city of 35,000 inhai)itants. His mater- 
nal grandfather was engaged in the Patterson 
war in Canada, and was captured at the 
battle of the Windmill and banished to Van 
Diemen's Land with a number of other 
prisoners. They secured their release by 
capturing a band of pirates. While in cap- 
tivity he was chained to the deck, and his 
bonds were drawn so tight that the blood- 
vessels of his limbs were ruptured, for which 
disability he received a pension nntil his 
death in 1858. Alter being released he 
reached his home in 1847. 



Ij^^ANIEL B. HARRISON, who is recog- 
nized as one of the most efficient painters 
and decorators of La Crosse, was born in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, August 8, 1842, and is a 
son of William and Eliza (Looker) Harrison. 
The father was born at Brush Creek in south- 
eastern Ohio, near the Ohio river, April 8, 
1807. His parents were Richard and Fanny 
(Blyde) Harrison, natives of London, Eng- 
land ; they emigrated to America shortly after 
the Revolutionary war, and eventually settled 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, where they passed the 
remainder of their lives. Richard Harrison 
held a Government position in London, and 
after coming to America engiged iu teaching 
school for many years; he then followed agri- 



BIOGRAPHICAL HI8T0RT. 



283 



culture, and the latter years of his life retired 
to his home in Cincinnati; he there gave some 
attei)tion to the manufacture of musical instru- 
ments, such as violins and other stringed 
pieces. He and his wife both died in the 
fnll faith of the Baptist Church. William 
Harrison, son of the above, grew to maturity 
in Cincinnati, and tiiere served an apprentice- 
ship as a painter and furniture finisher. In 
1854 he made a trip to La Crosse, and after- 
ward removed to the place and located per- 
manently. He was married in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, to Miss Eliza Looker, a native of Har- 
rison county, Ohio, born about the year 1810; 
slie was a daughter of Samuel and Hannah 
(Irwin) Looker, and her paternal grandfather 
was Judge Orthwell Looker of Ohio. Mrs. 
Harrison was a faithful and consistent mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church. July 26, 18S0, 
Mr. and Mrs. Harrison celebrated the fiftieth 
anniversary of their marriage at their resid- 
ence, corner of Cameron avenue and Fourth 
street. 

Daniel B. Harrison lived in Cincinnati un- 
til 1857, when the father removed with his 
family to La Crosse; here he com])leted his 
apprenticeship to the painter's and decorator's 
trade, and from that time has been promin- 
ently identified with the craft. 

He was married at Tomah, Wisconsin, to 
Miss Flora M. King, a native of Massachu- 
setts and a daughter of Charles W. and Lucy 
M. (Gartield) King, who were also natives 
of the old Bay State, and whose ancestors 
were members of the early CDlonies of New 
England; they removed to Wisconsin about 
1867. Mr. and Mrs. Harrison are the parents 
of five sons and one daughter: Charles King, 
a decorator; Alfred Walter, Edwin Garfield, 
and Gertrude May; Arthur and Benjamin 
are both deceased. 

Mr. Harrison is a member of the Builders' 
Exchange. In 1864 he enlisted in the service 



of the Union, joining Company G, Fortieth 
Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. He was 
through the Tennessee Campaign, and was 
honorably discharged at the close of the war. 
He is a member of the G. A. R. and takes an 
active interest in sustaining this organization. 
He and his wife, two elder sons and daughter, 
belong to the First Baptist Church, with 
which he has had an official connection for 
several years. 



RI SORENSON, a member of the firm 
of Davis, Sorenson & Co., is justly en - 
^ titled to a space in this record of the 
leading, substantial men of the county. He 
was born at Madison, Wisconsin, November 
12, 1856, and is a son of David T. and Wil- 
helmina (Petersen) Sorenson, natives of 
Copenhagen, Denmark. The United States 
presenting many attractions and promising 
many opportunities not afforded by the Old 
World, the parents of our subject bade fare- 
well to their iiome and friends and native 
land, and crossed the ocean to America about 
the year 1850, settling in Madison, Wiscon- 
sin. The father was a contractor by trade, 
and followed this occupation for many years. 
He and his wife reared a family of two sons 
and three daughters. 

Ori Sorenson acquired a good education in 
the common schools and learned the carpen- 
ter's trade. He worked as a journeyman for 
several years, and then formed a partnersiiip 
with Mr. Davis, establishing their present 
business; they have accomplished most satis- 
factory results, and are building up a trade 
second to none in the county. 

Mr. Sorenson was married in Madison, 
Wisconsin, to Miss Eva Rounds, a native of 
the State of New York, and of this union 
three sons have been born, named: Clarence, 



BIOORAPHWAL HISTORY. 



Fred anrl Edward; the two last are twins. 
Our subject is a member of tlie Builders' E.x- 
cliange of La Crosse, and lielongs to the 
Masonic fraternity, of which ho is a Worthy 
Sir Kniijiit. 



fACOB J. SMITH, M. D., wlio has been 
a resident of La Crosse since 1887, is 
the subject of the following brief bio- 
grapiiieal sketcli. He was born at Middle- 
town, Juniata county, Pennsylvania, Febru- 
ary 9, 1839, and is a son of Jacob and 
Catherine (Jontz) Smith, natives of the Key- 
stone State, of (ierman ancestry. They 
removed to South Bend, Indiana, in 1843, 
and there papsed the remainder of their days; 
the mother died in the fall of 1852, and the 
fatlier two weeks later. They reared a family 
of live children: the eldest, Sarah A., mar- 
ried F. A. Howe, who was accidentally killed 
in 1857; Kosa H. married T. G. L. Pope, 
and resides at Cedar Rapids, Iowa; Abraham 
H. and Jacob J. are twins, the former being 
a resident of Memphis, Tennessee; Ciiristian, 
the youngest of tlie family, was drowned 
while bathing in Lake Michigan, at Evanston, 
Illinois; he was, at the time of his death, a 
student at the Northwestern University, and 
was fitting himself for the ministry. 

Dr. Smith was reared on bis father's farm 
at South Bend, Indiana, and at the age of 
eighteen years he entered Wesloyan Seminary, 
at Albion, Michigan, where he continued his 
studies two years; he then spent four years 
reading under the preceptorship of Dr. J. M. 
Stover, at South Bend, and at the end of that 
period went to Ann Arbor and took a course 
of lectures in the University of Michigan; 
he next went to Philadelphia, entered Jeffer- 
son Medical College, and was graduated from 
this honored institution in March, 1864. In 



that same month he received a commission 
as Acting Assistant Surgeon in the United 
States Navy; he was ordered to the West 
Gulf Squadron, under command of Admiral 
Farragut, and served until the end of the 
war. He was Assistant Surgeon of the 
United States Steamship Owasco, and was 
temporarily attached to the naval hospital 
at Pensacola, Florida. In caring for the 
wounded after the battles of Forts Morgan 
and Gaines, the Doctor had the honor of 
dressing the wounds of Admiral Buchanan, 
who was at the head of the Confederate Navy; 
he says the Admiral was a gentleman if he 
were a rebel. The last part of his term of 
service was spent in a blockade squadron at 
sea, doing duty in the West Gulf Squadron. 
He participated in the capture of three 
blockade-runners off the coast of Texas, and 
took part in the distribution of prize money. 
Upon the close of the war he was ordered to 
the New York Navy Yards, where he was 
granted a three months' leave of absence with 
full pay. He received his final discharge 
from the service at South Bend, Indiana, 
November 15, 1865. 

Dr. Smith practiced medicine at South 
Bend for two years, and at the same time was 
physician to the female portion of the pupils 
at Notre Dame University. In May, 1867, 
he was married to Miss Rebecca J. Hyde, a 
native of Ohio, and at the time of her mar- 
riage a resident of Middlebur}', Indiana. 
They are tiie parents of four children: Jesse 
E., b^rn in 1868; William E., in 1869; Bessie 
E., in 1876, and Mamie A., in 1881. Jesse 
E. is established in business at Middlebury, 
Indiana. The Doctor continued his practice 
in Indiana until 1881, when he removed to 
Kendall, Monroe county, Wisconsin, where 
he remained six years. He then came to Li 
Crosse in 1887, and during the time of his 
residence here he has won a fair practice. 





^^J2ik__ 



BTOOBAPJWAL B78T0RY. 



283 



He is a inetiiber of tlie Masonic order, and 
of John Flynn Post No. 77, G. A. R.. The 
father, motlier and daughter Bessie are mem- 
bers of the Baptist Church. Mrs. Sniitli 
belono^s to the W. C. T. U., and takes a deep 
interest in its prosperity. 



i-i • " in 



fOSEPH W. SKINNER was born at Troy, 
Ohio, October 22, 1860. The death of 
his parents which occurred in his child- 
hood, left him almost alone in the world 
and threw him upon his own resources. By 
energy and perseverance he secured a good 
education, and at the age of twenty-one years 
he started out on the road as a traveling sales- 
man. He was thus employed for si.x years, 
during which time he visited nearly every 
State in the Union. In March, 1887, he 
came to La Crosse and took up liis permament 
residence here, having purchased the patent of 
the Monroe Ink Eraser. He at once besjan 
the manufacture of this little article, which 
was destined to become a friend to thousands 
of writers, book-keepers, accountants, and 
business men in general. This is the only 
eraser yet invented that will remove any kind 
of ink from paper without any abrasion or in- 
jury to the most delicate surface. 

At the time Mr. Skinner purchased this pa- 
tent, the eraser had been manufactured in a 
small way for several months, but it remained 
for him to place it upon the market of the 
world. After making a few changes to im- 
prove its appearance, he established a factor}' 
and began his system of advertising. Under 
his skillful management the success of the 
manufacture was phenomenal, and to-day the 
trade in this simple pi-oduct e.\tends through- 
out the civilized world, and carries the name 
of La Crosse to evei'y quarter of the globe. 
There are orders from Aberdeen, Glasgow, 

20 



Munich, Berlin, Constantinople, London, 
Paris, Bombay, Havana, Melbourne, Sydney? 
city of Mexico, Rio Janeiro, Valparaiso, and 
many cities throughout the Americas, West 
Indies, England, and the Eastern continent. 
Mr. Skinner also owns a number of other 
patents on useful articles, and is a promoter 
of useful inventions for patentees; and he is 
also entrusted with other business enter- 
prises in tlie city. 

The offices of the business are the finest in 
La Crosse, and active minds and busy hands 
keep the system moving in perfect order. 
The correspondence averages from four to five 
hundred letters per day, requiring a force of 
ten to twelve clerks. The advertisincr ex- 
penses amount to $1,000 per week. 

Mr. Skinner is quite a traveler, and has 
lately returned from a four months' business 
and pleasure trip to Europe, where he has 
completed arrangements for the establishment 
of branch houses to supply the growing 
European trade. He is a lover of all the Kne 
arts, and manages to steal from the cares of 
business time to gratify a refined and culti- 
vated taste. He is too liberal and is possessed 
of too many generous impulses ever to be- 
come avaricious, and believes that the use of 
money is its only good. He is genial, court- 
eous, of manly bearing, and possessed of 
straightforward business principles which 
have established his reputation for honorable 
and upright dealing. He enjoys the warm 
friendship of all his associates, and is already 
one of the leaders in the social and business 
circles of La Crosse. 

fESSE B. WILLIAMS, -manager of the 
firm of Williams & Turnbnll, dealers in 
new and second-hand furniture on Pearl 
street, is the son of Jesse and Aurelia 



28G 



BIOORA Pd I CAL HISTOR Y. 



(Wakely) Williams, natives of Rutland coun- 
ty, Vermont. The father was a farmer and 
followed this occupation until his death when 
about fifty Hve years of age. Of the eleven 
chihiren born to this union only one, Jesse 
15. Wiiliiiins, is now living. The latter's 
hirtli occurred in (Traud Island county, Ver- 
mont, May 10, 1820, and he was not yet 
three years old when his father died. On 
the 7tli of April, 1857, ho came from St. 
Lawrence county, New York, to Portage City, 
Wisconsin, and began working at the black- 
smith trade until his family came in the fall 
of 1856. He then worked on what is now 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railroad and 
in 1858 moved to Sparta, where, only a few 
days later, he and a Mr. Stewart took a con- 
tract to build ten miles of railroad from 
Mendota towards Shakopee. They were the 
first ones to break dirt for a railroad in 
Minnesota. After this tliey went on the 
Northern Pacific and built five miles on the 
upper end of the sixty-two and a half miles 
out from St. Paul. They came to La Crosse 
in 1858, but were gone much of the time 
until their contract was completed. After- 
ward Mr. Willia'ns left his family in LaCrosse 
and went to Alississippi where he and Mr. 
A. Hobert, built two miles on the Baltimore 
et Ohio Railroad. The war then broke out 
and he lost heavily. His health failed too, 
and he returned to La Crosse where he has 
re.-iued since. He was engaged in the feed 
business until his store was destroyed by fire 
in December, 1865, and he lost everything 
but a few clothes that the family wore. 
The insurance was about $300. After this 
he was Deputy Sheriff for one term, was on 
the police force for three years as a special, 
boarded the prisoners for two years, and was 
Constable for more than twelve years. He 
was also a collection agent for five j'ears, 
then an auctioneer for three years and 



finally drifted into the second-iiand and 
new furniture business, of wliich he is 
now manager. He was wedded on the 17th 
of January, 1847, to Miss Lucia Kimpton, 
from Franklin county, Vermont, and the 
result of this marriage was the birth of two 
children: George W., a steamboat engineer, 
who lias resided in Dubuque, Iowa, for two 
years, and who now runs the Standard Lum- 
ber Company engine in that city. His wife's 
name was Miss Edna Soule and his son's 
name is B. Fay. The daughter of our sub- 
ject, Georgia, became the wife of Frank 
Smith, of Jauesville. She died November 
27, 1875, when about twenty-three years of 
age. Mr. Williams is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and is class- 
leader and steward in tlie same. He is a 
member of the A. O. U. W. and Chosen 
Friends, and in politics is a Prohibitionist. 



B. EWER, La Crosse, Wisconsin. He 
was originally from Essex county, 
* New York, his birth occurrincj on the 
2 1st of February, 18-18, and his parents, 
Jesse and Angeline (Griswold) Ewer, were 
natives of Vermont. The father was a painter 
by trade and followed that for forty years. 
He came from New York to Wisconsin in 
1853, settled in the city of Sheboygan and 
there followed his trade until his death in 

1887. He and wife were members of the 
Congregational Church. Tlio mother died in 

1888. There were three children in this 
family: Edward P., the eldest; a sister, who 
died in infancy, and A. B. Edward P. re- 
sides at Sheboygan, Wisconsin, an agent for 
the Goodrich Steamboat Company. He mar- 
rie 1 and became the father of three children: 
Chester, Evangeline, and Nellie; Nellie, the 
youngest child, died July, 1891, when about 



BIOGRAPHICAL HI6T0RY. 



287 



fifteen years of age. The Ewers were among 
tlie early settlers of "Wisconsin and knew 
laucli of the trials and privations incident to 
pioneer life. A. B. Ewer, snhject of this 
sketch, was educated in the public schools of 
Sheboygan, and when thirteen years of age 
began for himself as clerk in a dry-goods 
store. He has followed clerkiiu and book- 
keeping up to the present time and no efforts 
on his part has been spire I to give satisfac- 
tion. He so'd goods on the road for several 
diflfereut firms, and was quite successful. He 
was married May, 1878, to Miss Susan 
Girard, daughter of James and Eunice 
(Knowles) Girard. The Girard and Knowles 
families are old and prominent ones and 
trace their ancestors back to the Mayflower. 
Mrs. Girard, being a direct descendant of 
Dr. Samuel Fuller, who came over in the 
Mayflower in 1620. The Girards are related 
to the Girard family of England, great cotton 
tnanufacturers there. Mrs. Ewer is the only 
one of that family now living, her father hav- 
ing died in 1866. The mother is still living, 
is fifty-eight years of age, and makes her 
home with our subject and wife. She has 
been an honored and highly respected citizen 
of Sheboygan county, Wisconsin, for many 
years. She is related to Supreme Judge 
Fuller of the United States and to the 
Spragues of Rhode Island. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Ewer has been born one child, Girard, a bright 
little lad of thirteen summers. Both parents 
are members of the Universalist Church. 
Mr. Ewer is a member of the Masonic order, 
the Modern Woodmen of America, and in 
politics is a Republican. Simon Knowles, 
Mrs. Ewer's maternal grandfather, was in 
the war of 1812 and drew a pension until his 
death for services there rendered. Simon's 
father took part in the Revolutionary war 
and his grandfather fouorht in the French 



and Indian war, and was killed in the 
battleon Lake Champlaiii. He is buried on 
one of the islands in that lake. 



pi^flLLIAM PENN MORTON, veter- 
"'ll inary surgeon, 505 South Fifth 
^ street, La Crosse, Wisconsin, was 
born in Buffalo, New York, May 1, 1846, and 
is a son of William Morton, a native of Eng- 
land; his father was killed accidentally while 
superintending the driving of piles on the 
dock at Buffalo, New York, at the age of 
twenty-eight years; his mother was a native 
of Ireland ; after her husband's death she re- 
moved her family of two children to Chautau- 
qua county. New York, remaining there four 
years; at the end of that time she went to 
Warren county, Pennsylvania, and there mar- 
ried Proctor Morton, and is now a resident 
of Sugar Grove, Warren county, Pennsylvania. 
David Morton, the brother of our subj^^ct, 
resides at Pittsfield, Pennsylvania, and is a 
veterinary surgeon by profession. William 
Penn Morton received his education at Pan- 
ama, New York, and in Warren county, 
Pennsylvania. He was a student at Panama 
two years after he was discharged from the 
army, and at the age of seventeen years began 
practicing veterinary surgery. A fanner in 
the neigiiborhood had a colt with crooked 
legs, and he gave him a week's work for the 
animal; he cured the colt and sold it for $30 
in the fall, which was considered a large price 
at that time. From this time he followed 
the business without special training until 
1886. In that year he entered the Veterinary 
College at Toronto, Canada, studied there a 
short time, and then went to Chicago; he 
studied in the veterinary college of that 
city, and was graduated at the end of two 



388 



BIOGRM'HICAL IIISTOItr. 



yeans from one of the iMost popular i.:stitn- 
tions ill the country. Ijef'ore goincr to Chi- 
caojo he had been located at New Richmond, 
Wisconsin, and after his graduation he re- 
turned to tiiat place, reniaininij; about one 
year before coming to La (^rosse. Here he 
has won a fine practice, being regularly em- 
ployed by many of the most influential citi- 
zens of the place. He owns a pleasant home, 
and an office where he keeps a complete stock 
of the drugs needed in his profession, lie 
also owns an intirinary capable of accom- 
modating forty-eight horses, and is excep- 
tionally equipped for his work; he has $500 
worth of instruments, and prides himself 
upon being able to perform any operation 
known to the profession. He trains and edu- 
cates vicious horses, and has been more than 
ordinarily successful in this line. His busi- 
ness has increased to such an extent that he 
has been obliged to call to his assistance 
J'rof. W. P. l''reeman, from Parish, New 
Jersey, a native of Jersey City and a graduate 
of the Chicago Veterinary ( 'ollege. 

Dr. Morton was united in marriage De- 
cember 25, 1888, to Miss Eva Frank, who was 
born in Niagara Falls, New York, May 10, 
1862. Politically he affiliates with tlie 
Kepublican party. In March, 1864, he en- 
listed in Battery II, Third Pennsylvania Light 
Artillery, and served until July, 1865. He 
is a member of the G. A. R. lie has held 
the various township offices, and is a standi 
supporter of liome interests. Mrs. Morton 
is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. 



[AMUEL B. PATTERSON, veterinary 
surgeon, with office at Clark & Clark's 
barn, La (Jrosse, was born in Butler 
county, Pennsylvania, May 11, 1862, a son 



of Alexander and Rebecca (Beatty) Patterson, 
natives of county Derry, Ireland, who came 
to America with their parents when children, 
settling in Pittsburg, and finally removing to 
Butler county. In his parents' family were 
the following named children in order of 
birth: Margaret F. (deceased in 1884); George 
W., Samuel H., Alexander S., Rebecca and 
Mary. 

In veterinary medicine and surgery Mr. 
I'atterson spent four years under the tutor- 
ship of A. J. Ilerrick, of Stillwater and a 
graduate of New York College and River 
Falls, Wisconsin. He has superior capacity 
for observing and drawing lessons from ex- 
perience, of which he has had a great deal. 
He first started in business on his own ac- 
count in Ellsworth, Wisconsin, where he 
i-eiiiained about four years. Moving to River 
Falls he engaged in practice in companj' with 
Dr. Morton. A year afterward, that is, in 
June, 1890, he came to La Crosse, where he 
is enjoying a good patronage, which he well 
deserves by his industry, honesty, thorough 
knowledge and reasonable prices. For sev- 
eral years he has made a special study of the 
diseases of cattle and horses. 



-^^hTL/'L'V-- 



l/xry^^^ 



rtHE LA CROSSE FLOUR AND 
FEED COMPANY is one of the 
]irosperous enterprises of this city, and 
the individual members of the same are 
Frederick Schwarz and Frederick T. Heinken. 
Mr. Schwarz was born in Germany, in 1840, 
and came to the States in 1881, settling first 
in Hokah, Minnesota, where he remained 
only a few months. From there he removed 
to Onalaska, Wisconsin, and bought a farm, 
on which he resided for three years. In 
1885 he sold this and bought ten acres of 
land in the town of Shelby, adjoining the 



BIOGRAPHICAL BISTORT. 



283 



city limits of La Crosse, on which he bniit 
two houses and set out a vineyard. In No- 
vember, 1891, Mr. Schwarz associated him- 
self with Mr. Fred. T. Ileinken in the ilour 
and feed business in the city of La Crosse. 
He was married in 1866, to Miss Ida Michaelis, 
a native also of Germany, and they have one 
dauf^hter. Bertha, who is now the wife of 
Fred. T. Ileinken, of La Crosse. The family 
are members of the Lutheran Ciuircli. 
Frederick T. Heinken was born in Germany 
in 1863, to the union of Jolin Henry and 
Fredereka Heinken, natives also of that coun- 
try. The father died in 1865, but the 
mother is still living in Germany. Mr. 
Heinken came to the United States in 1886, 
and has visited nearly every State in the 
Union since his arrival here. In July, 1891, 
he settled in La Crosse, and was married on 
the 25th of that month. Miss Bertha Schwarz, 
daughter of his partner. The iirm is com- 
posed of two very active, energetic and push- 
ing men, with capital enough for their 
business, and prospects of a successful 
future. 



— -^-^^ 



s+"-»~ 



IHRISTIAN F. SCHARPF, a native of 
iW$vt Wiirttemberg, Germany, was born July 
19, 1836, and is a son of John G. and 
Barbara (Gleser) Scharpf. He passed his 
boyhood and youth upon a farm, and was also 
early initiated into the mysteries of the 
weaver's trade. At the age of fifteen years, 
witli a fair education, he was thrown upon 
his own resources, and since that time he has 
not known what it is to depend upon the 
efforts of another. In 1852 the family emi- 
grated to A merica, and he stopped at Galena, 
Illinois, intending to learn the tailor's trade; 
he devoted one year to this calling, and then 
came to La Crosse where he has since made 



his home. He first went to work for his 
brother George at the trade, but at the end 
of six months abandoned the vocation alto- 
getiier, and engaged with Jolm C. Fiihr to 
learn the tinner's trade. After serving an 
apprenticeship took a position as foreman 
for Tenney, Oatman &, Company, remaining 
with this Hrm seven years. In 1862 he em- 
barked in business for himself, forming a 
partnership with George Edwards, in the 
hardware and tin business; they were associ- 
ated together two years, when Mr. Edwards 
retired, being succeeded by Fred Kroner; 
two years later Charles H. Bunting formed a 
partnership with Mr. Scharpf, which existed 
four years. He was then alone for some 
time, and in 1875 he went into business with 
Fred King, with wliom he was connected un- 
til 1881, Mr. Ring then being succeded by 
Y. Tausche, the latter buying Mr. Scharpf's 
interest in 1888. Mr. Scharpf is to a great 
extent the father of the hardware business in 
La Crosse, tlie following gentlemen having 
been associated with him for a greater or less 
period of time; all of them are active mer- 
chants in that line: Fred Dittman, Fred 
Kroner, Frank Doerre, Digo Lang, Adam 
Butch, V. Tausche, and many others. 

When Mr. Scharpf withdrew from the firm 
in 1888 he intended to retire from active 
business, but so many years of responsibility 
had unfitted him for a life from which all 
possibilities of achievement were withdrawn. 
He, therefore, embarked in the same line of 
trade and operated a business until the spring 
of 1891, when he sold his interest, his health 
rendering it necessary for him to have some 
release from close application- He has been 
an indefatigable worker, and has amassed a 
handsome fortune. He is a self-made man, 
and has truly been tlie architect of his own 
fortunes. His cash capital when he came to 
La Crosse was a quarter of a dollar, but this 



iOO 



BIOOMAPniCAL niHToRY. 



was strongly suppleiiiented by the endcw- 
iiients of iiatur(\ Politically \w is a Repub- 
lican, and is serving his first term as Com- 
missioner of the Poor, an otiice to which he 
was elected by the Council. He is a member 
of La Crosse Valley Lodge, JNo. 149. I. O. O. 
F., and is Secretary of tlie same. He also 
was tlie leading sjiirit in securing funds for 
the erection of the L O. O. F. building. He 
belongs to Frontier Lodge, No. 45, A. F. & 
A. M., Smith Chapter, JSo. 13, R. A. M., 
and lia Crosse Cominandcry, No. 9, K. T. ; 
he is Treasurer of the blue lodge, and for 
eighteen years was Treasurer of the comman- 
dery; he has in his possession a letter from 
tlie last named body, expressing the appreci- 
ation and esteem in which his services were 
held. He has been a member of the La Crosse 
Turner Society for thirty-five years, and has 
held many ofticial positions in the same. He 
is also a member of the La Crosse Board of 
Trade. 

Mr. Scharpf was married January 14, 1806, 
to Miss Julia H. Pfund, a native of Switzer- 
land, born March 18, 1848. Mrs. Scharpf 
was brought to America at the age of eiglit 
years. Of this union ninechildren have been 
born, six of them living: Julia, wife of Charles 
Liudeman, of Milwaukee; Bertha, Herman C, 
Albert, Hilda and Freaa. The family are 
members of the Lutheran Church; all are well 
educated, and fully abreast of the times in all 
lines of thought and action. 

fOHN JONES, deceased, who was widely 
and favorably known in La Crosse 
county, was born in Wales, a son of 
Tliomas and Sarah Jones. He was the oldest 
of a famdy of tlirce children, the younger 
membersof the family being ]\[ary and David; 
Evan Jones was a half brother to these chil- 



dren. Our subject was a carpenter and con- 
tractor by trade, and in later yeans gave some 
attention to farming; this occupation soon 
engrossed his time to the exclusion of his 
trade. 

In 1889 lie was united in marriage to Miss 
Mary Morris, a daughter of Samuel and 
Hannah (Jones) Morris, and the second of a 
family of twelve children. In 1842 they 
emigrated to America and settled in Licking 
county, Ohio, where they resided until 1847. 
In that year they removed to Canada, and for 
eight yeai's made it their home. During tliis 
time Mr. Jones worked at his trade, and also 
carried on a general farming business. In 
1855 they returned to the United States, set- 
tling on a farm in La Crosse county, Wiscon- 
sin; this land was situated in Hamilton 
township, the tract covering eighty acres; 
this Mr. Jones improved, and as his means 
permitted, made additions to it, until at the 
time of his death he owned 220 acres of as 
good land as lies within the borders of La 
Crosse county. The farm is well ad-apted to 
stock and grain, and produces any crop that 
can be grown in this Itaitude. 

The death of this worthy citizen occurred 
May 7, 1883, at the age of seventy-two years. 
In his religious faith he was a Unitarian, 
and he lived a consistent life according to 
this belief. He was a man of higii and hon- 
orable principles, was possessed of superior 
business qualifications, and was held in great 
regard by the entire community. His widow 
is still living, at the age of seventy-two years. 
To their forty-four years of married life, she 
brouo-ht every sweet and noble attribute to be 
found in a Christian wife and mother. This 
union was blessed by birth of six childien: 
Mary is the widow of Timothy Jenkins, who 
died July 24, 1882; they had four children 
born to them: Ella, Anna, Lloyd and Blanche; 
Hannah is the second child, and Thomas, the 



BIOGRAPHICAL HliTORY. 



2J1 



tliird-born, died at the age of twenty-two 
years; John and Samuel are botli farmers by 
occupation; the latter was married December 
22, 1886, to Miss Elsie Gear, a daughter of 
William and Fidelia Gear, honored and re- 
spected residents of La Crosse county; three 
children have been born to them: Ella, Edna 
and Elsie; Sarah is the youngest child of our 
subject and wife. 

Mr. Jones was a man of intense energy and 
zeal, and gave a wonderful impetus to those 
enterprises to which he offered support. It is 
to such men that the present generation is 
deeply indebted for the advance of civiliza- 
tion and the great possibilities of the future. 



it'-toi^ 



■«l*>^^ 



ffOHN KOLLEE, grocer.— A careful re- 
view of the business houses of La Crosse 
develops the fact that the grocery estab- 
lishment of M. & J. Koller takes rank with 
any like establishment in the city, and that 
business is conducted on straightforward and 
conservative principles. Their stock embraces 
every commodity comprehended in the terms 
fancy and staple, imported and domestic gro- 
ceries, and their annual sales are very large. 
John Koller was born in Kipley county, In- 
diana, but he came with his parents to La 
Crosse in 1868, and began working in his 
father's store, of which he is now joint pro- 
prietor. At the age of twenty-one he began 
business for himself, but after his father's 
death, in 1869, he clerked in the store of his 
mother. 

He was married June 4, 1889, to Miss 
Margaret Weber, daughter of Nicholas and 
Elizabeth Weber, residents of La Crosse, 
where the father died in 1884, at the age of 
about sixty years, and the mother is still liv- 
ing. To Mr. and Mrs. Weber nine children 
were born, of whom Mrs. Koller is the second. 



She has borne her husband two children: 
Helen and Elizabeth. Mr. and Mrs. Koller 
are members of the Catholic Church, and in 
his political views he is independent. In all 
his relations with his fellow men, Mr. Koller 
has borne himself with dignity and honor, 
and no establishment in La Crosse is more 
worthy of patronage than the grocery firm 
of M. & J. Koller. 

LBERT P. CLARK, senior member of 
the firm of Clark & Clark, liverymen, 
328 South Fifth street, was born in La 
Crosse, Wisconsin, January 7, 1858. His 
parents, Peimel L. and Martha L. (Kimball) 
Clark were natives of New York and Maine 
respectively, both being of English descent. 
They reared a family of three sons and two 
daughters: Mary E. married J. C. Saupie, a 
merchant of La Crosse; Florence became the 
wife of Joseph Morley and resides at Neills- 
ville, Wisconsin; Charles married Miss Jennie 
St. John, and is a resident of Alden, Minne- 
sota; he is station agent at that point, and 
owns a large farm adjoining the town; Will- 
iam died in childhood; Albert P., the subject 
of this notice, is the second-born. He attended 
the public schools of this city and during his 
childhood had the misfortune to lose the 
sio-ht of one eye; this retarded his progress 
in school, and in fact materially changed his 
plans for future work. Ilis Urst experience 
in business on his own account was in 1880, 
when he engaged in buying and shipping 
horses; he carried on this business for three 
years, and was then appointed a member of 
the police force of this city. His father was 
Chief of Police for seven years and he served 
on the force one year and a half. In 1885 
he began buying and shipping live-stock and 
carried on an extensive trade in this direction 



292 



BIOQBAPBICAL BISTORT. 



until 1888. meeting witli marked success. 
In the summer of 1888 he purchased a half 
interest in the livery business, in which he 
is now engaged, being associated with his 
cousin, Frederic Clark. Their stable is one 
of the best equipped in the city. They own 
twenty-two line horses and a large number 
of fine buggies and carriages. 




•^«:- 



jICHAEL KOLLEK, of the firm of 
M. it J. Koller, grocerymen of La 
Crosse, Wisconsin, was born in Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, September 24, 1851, to Michael, 
Sr., and Christina (Hafienbreitl) Koller, the 
former of whom came from Germany with 
his family in 1845 and settled in Cincinnati. 
h\ this city he first worked in a star candle 
factory, and later began handling vegetables, 
which business he was following at the time 
of his removal to Ripley county, Indiana, in 
1850. He there settled on a farm and was 
an honest and industrious tiller of the soil, 
and, like the majority of Germans, succeeded 
in accumulating a comfortable competency. 
In 1868 the family came to La Crosse, Wis. 
cousin, and in the same year established the 
business which is now conducted by his sons, 
Michael and John. Uy courteous treatment 
of their patrons, and from the fact that they 
keep a large and very choice selection of 
groceries, they have built up an extensive 
trade which is constantly on the increase. 
Both partners have had long experience and 
possess excellent facilities, infiuential con- 
nections and an intimate knowledge of the 
wants of the trade. 

The subject of this sketch was married 
January 27, 1885, to Miss Mary Kindbam- 
raer, daughter of Peter and Katharine Kind- 
hammer, who still reside in Germany. Mrs. 
Koller came to America in 1884, and was 



here married. Michael and John's sisters 
are married as follows: Posa, wife of Joseph 
Delfinich; Dora, wife of A. Semsch; Ida, 
wife of Henry Will; and Clara, wife of John 
Stanek. Mr. and Mrs. M. Kollei- have two 
children, Herman and Louie. Mr. and Mrs. 
Koller are members of the Catholic Church. 
Mr. Koller is independent in politics and 
generally votes for the man he considers best 
adapted to the office. The Koller brothers 
are shrewd and successful business men, and 
are in every way worthy the confidence of 
the people. 

fOIIN KAU, president of the West La 
Crosse Lumber Company. — The situa- 
tion ol La Crosse with reference to the 
lumber trade of this section has given the 
city an importance in this branch of business 
exceeded by that of no other industry, and 
one which has added in a large measure to 
her coininercial reputation. The mention of 
this firm in lumber and building circles car- 
ries with it, for certain reasons, a prestige 
and confidence seldom enjoyed by any firm, 
and this is owing to the j)luck, business 
capabilities and integrity of its members. 

Mr. Kau was born in Wiirttemberg, Ger- 
many, March 19, 1828, but in the fall of 
1852 landed at New York city, and later set- 
tled in Wooster, Ohio, where lie was engaged 
in rope-making for four years, having learned 
the art in his native land. In 185(3 he went 
to Galesburg, Illinois, where he opened a 
rope factory and ran it for twelve years, 
or until 1867, when he removed to La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, and opened a mercantile estab- 
lishment, which business he followed until 
1890, with very good success. In the last 
mentioned year he became president and 
treasurer of the West La Crosse Lumber 



BIOGBAPniCAL HISTORY. 



293 



Company, and although their sales were very 
large in 1890 the low water of 1891 was 
much against them. Mr. llau was one of 
La Crosse's most able Aldermen for fourteen 
or fifteen years, and served two years as City 
Treasurer; was also president of the Council 
in 1886 and acting Mayor. He was also 
County Supervisor for one term, and has 
always had the confidence of tlie people, as 
his official career shows. 

His marriage to Miss Sebelia Merc was 
consummated December 7, 1852, in Wooster, 
Ohio, to which place she came from Ger- 
tnany the same year of her marriage. They 
have two children: John R., Jr., who is 
secretary iu a mill, was married to Miss 
Lydia Alder, by whom he has three children, 
Freddie, Bertie and Edie; and Mary, wife of 
John Thoeney, a stone-cutter and contractor 
of La Crosse. She died in 1882, at the age 
of twenty-eight years, two children, William 
and Charlie, surviving her. Mr. Rau is a 
member of the L O. (). F., of which order 
he is one of the oldest members of the city, 
and he usually supports the principles of 
Democracy. With his quiet, unassuming 
manners, strict integrity and fine business 
qualifications, be has succeeded in building 
up an extensive and lucrative patronage, and 
he is well known and a great favorite among 
his cotemporaries. 

His parents, Caspar and Susanna Rau, 
eanie from Germany to La Crosse, Wisconsin, 
in 1874, after a short stay in Galesburg, Illi- 
nois. While visiting his son Jacob in La 
Crosse, in 1857, he was taken ill and died, at 
the age of sixty-three years, the mother of 
the subject of this sketch, whose name was 
Anna, having died when lie was four years of 
age, and was buried in Germany. Of eight 
children born to them, all died in early child- 
hood but three. Daniel came to this country 
with his father, but at the end of six years 



returned to Germany, where he yet lives. 
John Rau has one brother who was a resident 
of La Crosse for thirty years, but is now a 
resident of Wycoff, Minnesota. Mr. Rau's 
father was first married in 1826, and his wife 
bore iiim seven children, his union with his 
second wife resulting in the birth of one 
child. He has been a member of Deutscher 
Verein for over twenty-five years. 



tOUIS RUNCKEL, a successful druggist 
of La Crosse, is a native of Germany, 
born in Eckelshausen, on the river Lahn, 
in the province of Hesse Nassau, April 12, 
1857. He is a son of George and Christina 
(Mengel) Runckel, who were also born in 
Germany; his father was an official of the 
German Government, serving in the Forestry 
Department, and his birthplace was Fridberg, 
near Frankfort-on-the-Main; tliemothercame 
from Berleburg, Westphalia. Louis Runckel 
had grown to the age of fifteen years before 
he took up the study of pharmacy, serving as 
apprentice three years, after which he passed 
an examination as assistant. Then he was 
prescription clerk at diSerent places, and 
next extended his pharmaceutic and other 
studies at the University of Giessen. His liter- 
ary education was received in the public schools 
of his own country, and when he took up his 
professional work he entered the University 
of Giessen, from which he was graduated, 
receiving his diploma from the Pharmaceutical 
and Medical DepartmentofhisState. In 1866 
he determined to come to America, and after 
arriving he settled in La Crosse, Wisconsin. 
One year later he established himself in the 
drug business which he has conducted with 
that intelligence wiiich has brougiit success. 
He is thoroughly trained in all the details of 



294 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



pliarinaey and chemistiy, and, therefore, com- 
petent in his profession. 

Mr..Runckel was united in marriage in 
La Crosse, to Mrs. Minnie Mceller, nee Fici<er, 
a native of Saxony, and a daughter of Will- 
iam and Johanna (Schaettler) Ficker, who 
are also natives of Saxony. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Rnnckel have been born two sons: Carl and 
Louis. By her former marriage Mrs. Rnnckel 
had three children: Adolph Moritz, of 
Winona, Minnesota; Olga, wife of William 
Fosc; and Adelbert Mosller, a member of 
the Wisconsin Bank Note and Lithographing 
Company. 

Our subject is a member of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen, and of the Ger- 
mania Society. He has won an enviable 
reputation in business circles, and is worthy 
of the confidence reposed in him. 



jUROFESSOR EDWARD SCHEUFLER, 
M professor of music at La Crosse, Wis- 
consin, is anotlier of the many promi- 
nent citizens of German nativity, liis birth 
occurring January 23, 1852, and is the sou 
of John and Johanna (Burschel) Scheufler, 
both natives of Germany, where they passed 
their entire lives. The father was a teacher, 
and was principal of the public schools in 
Gudensberg, province liessen Nassau, having 
a life position. He died before his time for 
a pension. He was also organist in the prin- 
cipal church of the city, and an excellent 
musician. Professor Edward Scheutler took 
his first lessons in music trom him, but sub- 
sequently took lessons from Professor Will- 
iam Yolkniar (known throughout the entire 
musical world), in piano and organ playing 
and in harmony. He then went, to Stuttgart, 
studying at the Conservatory under the best 
professors at that place, and in 1871 came to 



America, locating first at Wiieeling, West 
Virginia, where he remained until September 
9, 1800. He then came to La Crosse, and 
took charge of the Deutscher-Verein Society. 
He also trains the boy choir in Christ's Epis- 
copal Church, is giving music lessons, and is 
one of the important acquisitions to the city. 
He was married on the 16th of June, 1874, 
in Wheeling, West Virginia, to Miss Matilda 
Tiemanti, daughter of Henry and Sophia 
Tiemann, and a lady of refinement and intel- 
ligence. Her parents were also natives of 
Germany, but came to this country thirty-tive 
years ago. and located in Wheeling, where 
their children were born. One daughter, 
Mary, became the wife of L. J. Bayha, 
cashier of the German Bank of Wheeling; a 
sou, Charles, is deceased, and William is now 
a resident of Wheeling. Professor and Mrs. 
Scheufler are the parents of three interesting 
children: Carl, Harry and Lulu. Mr. Tie- 
mann died in 1883, at the age of eighty- live 
years, but Mrs. Tiemann is still living, and 
makes her home with the Professor and his 
wife. She is now seventy- three years of age, 
and has reached the acre when tenderness, 
respect and reverence are due, and all of these 
she receives fiom those with whom she lives. 
Professor and Mrs. Scheufler are members 
of the Luthern Church, prominent members 
in society, and have many sincere friends. 
Professor is a member of Teutonia Lodge 
No. 3, A. O. U. W., of La Crosse, and takes 
little interest in politics, voting for the man 
and not for the party. The Wheeling Intel- 
ligencer of September 9, 1890, says: "Profes- 
sor Scheufler came to Wheeling nineteen 
years ago, and has won his way into the 
hearts of his fellow countrymen by his genial 
manlier, upright conduct and zeal in the ad- 
vancement of the singing societies under his 
charge. He has been director of the Ger- 
mania since 1874, and of the Mozart and 



BIOORAPHIGAL HISTORY. 



295 



Beethoven since 1884. Besides these duties 
lie was organist in the St. Jacob Church 
three years, Zion Church seven years, and 
St. John's Church seven years. St. John's 
Church T)resented him with a very handsome 
gold enameled ring, set with diamonds, and 
passed resolutions regretting his departure." 



fOSEPH ElESE, a popular business man, 
cigar manufacturer, and leader of the 
Gateway City Band, at 1109 South 
Fourth street. La Crosse, Wisconsin, was 
born in Austria January 26, 1852. and is the 
elder of two children. Frank, the other son, 
married, and in August 1887, went to Wash- 
ington State, where he resides at the present 
time. He owns a farm and deals in stock, 
but in connection is also engaged in the real- 
estate business. He has traveled a great deal, 
is genial and courteous, and has many warm 
friends. The parents of these boys, Frank 
and Anna (Wanner) Riese, were both natives 
of Austria, and the father was a prosperous 
farmer. The latter came to America in 1864, 
bought about 200 acres in La Crosse county, 
and is residing here at the present time. He 
sold 120 acres of the original tract. Mr. 
Riese is an excellent farmer, strictly honest 
and upright, amj keenly plive to the best in- 
terests of the farm. His wife died when but 
thirty-two years of age. Joseph Riese 
worked on his father's farm during his boy- 
hood, and was in his thirteenth year when he 
came with him to America. At the age of 
eighteen he began learning his trade, and has 
followed this ever since, starting his business 
in La Crosse, Wisconsin, in the year 1870. 
He has resided in this city ever since, and, on 
an average, manufacturesabout 200,000 cigars 
annually. He employs about five hands at 
present, but sometimes employs about a dozen 



or more. His work gives a high degree of 
satisfaction, for he adheres strictly to just 
methods, handles only reliable stock, and 
produces nothing liut lirst-class goods. Mr. 
Riese studied music in Austria, beginning in 
his ninth year, and has been leader of the 
Gateway City Band for more than twelve 
years. He is a natural musician and plays 
on all the instruments in the band, besides 
several others. He can compose music, and 
has some very excellent pieces of his own 
execution. He has arranged for a number 
of concerts. He is as efficient in vocal as 
instrumental music, and his band is one of 
the best in the State, receiving frequent calls 
i'or discoursing music at fairs, conventions, 
funerals and gatherings. He is a useful man 
in his calling, is progressive in his views and 
well to the 'front in all enterprises for the 
good of the city. 

Mr. Riese was married JNovember 17, 1873, 
to Miss Katie Eiden, of La Crosse county, 
and this union has been blessed by the birth 
of five children: Joseph P., assisting his 
father in the manufactory; Emma; Lena, 
died at the age of ten years; Emaline and 
Katie. Mr. Riese io a member of the L O. 
O. F., and the Sons of Hermann. In the lat- 
ter organization he has held nearly all the 
offices. He is also a member of the Concordia 
Aid Society, the Germania Musical Society, 
and is a member of the Board of Trade. He 
is an esteemed and valued citizen. 



►>^f. 



rt<-«o. 



fAMES H. McDERMOTT, manager of 
the La Crosse branch of the Independent 
Oil Company, located on Third street. 
La Crosse city, Wisconsin, was born in the 
Keystone State, Lycoming county, July 21, 
1862. Lie is the son of Joiin and Catherine 
("Downs) McDermott, natives of the Emerald 



206 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



Isle, who are now living in Williamsport, 
Pennsylvania. The parents came to this 
country when young, were married here, and 
here the father has followed his trade, con- 
tractor on stonework, up to the present time. 
He and wife are now about fifty years of age. 
Of the four children born to this union, all 
live in Pennsylvania except James H. The 
latter, the eldest of the family, was educated 
in the common schools of Pennsylvania, and 
when ten years of age began working with 
the present company, and the Standard Oil 
Company in different places in Pennsylvania, 
Dakota, and Minnesota, being with the latter 
company in Dakota and Minnesota. He is 
well posted in all the details of the business, 
and spent several years with one of the re- 
fineries at Chester, Pennsylvania. He came 
to La Crosse, Wisconsin, and opened out the 
present business in 1890, for the Independent 
Oil Company. Previous to this he had re- 
sided at St. Paul for five years, and was also 
on the road for several years. He has had 
experience in all departments of the oil busi- 
ness, first in the oil department, then in the 
office, and afterwards on the road as salesman. 
Ho began business in La Crosse in September 
1890, and this has been steadily increasing 
until it forms now one of the growini; enter- 
prises of the city. There are ten employees, 
and they do business in Wisconsin, Minne- 
sota and Iowa. The home office is in St Paul 
and branch offices are in La Crosse, Waterloo, 
Iowa, Minneapolis and Duluth, besides 
numerous agencies established in Dakota, 
Michigan and Iowa. They have sale stations 
also, some of the latter in both North and 
South Dakota. 

Mr. McDermott was married November 
10, 1888, to Miss Rose Mulhollard, daughter 
of Joht) Mulhollard of Watertown, Dakota. 
The father was hotel proprietor in his town 
but sold out and is now in the real estate 



business. He is City Assessor of his town. 
His six children are grown to mature years. 
To Mr. and Mrs. McDermott have been born 
three children: Leah and Leal (twins) and 
Mary Ellen. Mrs. McDermott is a member 
of the Episcopal Church. She was formerly 
a teacher of established reputation, and is a 
lady of intelligence and refinement. A.lthough 
quite a new accession to the business circles 
of La Crosse, Mr. McDermott is well versed 
in his business, and stands high socially and 
morally among a large and increasing circle 
of acquaintances. For want of time he takes 
very little interest in politics. 



,0N. THEODORE RODOLF, one of the 
early settlers and a highly respected 
citizen of La Crosse county, died at his 
home in La Crosse, February 12, 1892. He 
was a native of Switzerland, born in the can- 
ton of Argovia, October 17, 1851. He de- 
voted his earlier years to acquiring an educa- 
tion, and was a student in a college of Aaran 
the capital of his native canton, and also in 
the University of Zurich. His parents, Fred- 
erick and Emerencia Rodolf, emigrated with 
their family to America in 1833; the father 
died of yellow fever soon after landing in 
New Orleans, and in 1834 the mother with 
her children removed to Wisconsin, and set 
tied on a farm in La Fayette county. There 
was a family of nine children, seven of whom 
are now deceased. In 1840 Theodore Rodolf 
went to Mineral Point, where he engaged 
in the mercantile business, and also dealt in 
the products of the lead mines. Thirteen 
years later he came to La Crosse, where 
he assumed the duties of Receiver in the land 
office by appointment of President Pierce. 
He held this position by reappointment of 
President Buchanan until 1861. After that 



BIOGRAPDICAL HISTORY. 



297 



time he was largely engaged in insurance 
and real-estate operations. While a resident 
of Mineral Point he was prominently iden- 
tified with all the puT)lic movements ot that 
city. He was a member of the Boai-d of 
Supervisors of La Crosse county four years, 
and was ciiairinan of the Board for one year- 
He was Mayor of the city in 1868 and 1870, 
and a member of the Legislature during 
the same years. He received the Democratic 
vote for Speaker the second term, but was 
defeated, the Republicans being in tlie ma- 
jority. He was Democratic candidate for 
Presidential Elector at large in 1864, and 
the same party's candidate for Elector in the 
sixtli district in 1868, the Republicans in 
both cases being in the ascendant. He was 
also Democratic candidate for State Senator 
in 1876. He was a life-long Democrat, was 
one of the leaders in Western Wisconsin, and 
was well known throughout the State. He 
was a prominent member of the L 0. O. 
F., and in 1875 he was Grand Master of the 
State. He represented the Grand Lodge of 
the State at the meeting of the Grand Lodge 
of the United States held in Philadelphia 
in 1876. 

Mr. Rodolf was reared in the Reformed 
Church of Switzerland, but was never identi- 
fied with any religious body in America. 
He was married in 1839 to Miss Marie 
Ann Thomas, of New Orleans, and to them 
were born twelve children, five of whom are 
now living. Four died within as many weeks 
of diphtiieria. Theodore F., the eldest son, is 
now deceased. The others are: Julia; Emily, 
wife of William Servis; Edward G. ; Cora 
M., wife of Mayor Copeland; and Stella, 
wife of B. F. Bowen, of Orlando, Florida. 
Mr. Rodolfs illness began with injuries 
received from a fall on the steps leading to 
the Batavian Bank. After this accident he 
never recovered his health, and died February 



12, 1892 after a long illness. The City 
Council attended his funeral in a body, and 
drafted resolutions of sympathy and respect. 
The mayor's chair was di-aped in mourning, 
and the pall-bearers, six in number, were all 
ex-mayors. During all the years of his resi- 
dence in La Crosse county, he left an indeli- 
ble impress upon the growth and progress 
of the most worthy enterprises of the com- 
munity. 



"' ' "4"! ' ' ! ' a^" -^ 

PETTEL BROS., photographers. La 
Crosse, Wisconsin. — The last few years 
have wrought wonderful changes for the 
better in tlie artist's and photographer's art, 
and those citizens of La Crosse who have not 
had their portraits taken are much behind 
the times. There is perhaps no establish- 
ment in the city that shows more conspicu- 
ously therapid development and improvement 
of the methods of producing portraits, than 
that known as Spettel Bros. A. F. Spettel 
is a native born resident of La Crosse, Wis- 
consin, his birth occurring August 7, 1866, 
and is the S'tn of Joseph and Mary Spettel, 
the father a native of Germany, and the 
mother of Dayton, Ohio. Joseph Spettel, 
who was a ship builder, came to America in 
1861, and followed his trade in New York 
for a short time. Subsequently he was in 
Milwaukee for a year and then went to Day- 
ton, Ohio, where he married. Durina tiie 
war he traveled all through the South in tlie 
employ of the United States, repairing boats, 
and after cessation of hostilities returned to 
Milwaukee, where he resided for several 
years. He then came to La Crosse, Wiscon- 
sin, and has been a resident of that city for 
the past twenty-six years. He is now fifty- 
nine years of age and is retired. The mother 
is fortv-nine years of age. Their children 



298 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



are named in the order of their births as fol- 
lows: Clement, senior member of the firm of 
Spettel Bros. ; A. F. ; Ida Lizzie, one of the 
leading clerks in the Trade Palace, where she 
has been for the past four years; Leo, Ma- 
mie Carrie and Millie; the last four are 
attending schools. Mr. A. F. Spettel, a mem- 
ber of the firm, has been engaged in photog- 
raphy since the age of seventeen, and has 
traveled in this business over a great many 
State?, getting different views in different 
localities, and has made a study of life sized 
portraits. After traveling for two years he 
embarked in this business with his brother 
Clement, under the firm title of Spettel Bros. 
Their business has increased rapidly and they 
have opened a gallery on the South side, that 
they may the better take care of their increas- 
ing business. It is the finest gallery in the 
city of La Crosse. They at first commenced 
business on a small scale, but built on a sure 
foundation, and their present work and in- 
crease of business shows the wisdom of the 
plan. Their work compares most favorably 
with any in the State, and, as before stated, 
they have a gallery in both North and South 
La Crosse, to accommodate their constantly 
increasing business. The <jalleries are well 
located for their business, and most efficient 
service is rendered in every department. The 
Spettels are members of tlie Catholic Church, 
and one of the city's most enterprising citi- 
zens. Clement Spettel, senior member of the 
above mentioned firm, was born in Dayton, 
Ohio, September 7, 1864, and came with his 
parents to La Crosse when but a year old. 
He started in the portrait work with L. E. 
Meason, of La Crosse, and worked there for 
four and a half years. He then went to work 
in North La Crosse for himself, 1886, and has 
followed this business since. At the end of 
one year his business had increased to snch 
an extent that he had to call on his brother, 



A. F., for assistance. Clement Spettel is one 
of the finest operators and retouchers ever in 
the city of La Crosse. He has made it a 
constant study for years. He has visited 
studios in the East and South to make his 
studio one of the finest in the land. 



^> l ' l '> l ' ^ -^ 



O. HUNT, who has for many j-ears 
I'. I)een a trusted employe of the railway 
* mail service of the United States, is a 
native of the State of New York, born in • 
Cattaraugus county, October 24, 1852. His 
father, A. O. Hunt, Sr., was a native of Ver- 
mont, and emigrated from that State to New 
York, where he engajjed in the lumber busi- 
ness. He remained there, devoting his ener- 
gies to the enterprise, until 1854, when he 
came to Sauk county, Wisconsin; here his 
business was in a mercantile line, and he met 
with gratifying success. Throughout all his 
career he was honored and respected for the 
strict integrity of his dealings. He was a 
man of rare force of character, and his many 
good deeds attest the usefulness of his life. 
He was born September 10, 1809, and died 
February 15, 1877. He was twice married, 
and of the first union si.\ children were born, 
three of whom are living: Henry C, mem- 
ber of the State Legislature, is a resident of 
Keedsburg, Wisconsin; he served four years 
in the late war as a member of an Illinois 
regiment, and pai-ticipated in several of the 
most important battles of the conflict; politi- 
cally he affiliates with the Democratic party, 
but was elected from a district pronouncedly 
Republican; he is engaged in the general 
mercantile business, and is married, his wife's 
niaiden name being Mary E. Smith; Albert 
C. was color- bearer of the T^ourth New York 
Artillery, and served from the beginning to 
the end of the struggle; he married Miss 



BIOGRAPHWAL HISTORY. 



299 



Sarah Hunt, and is now a resident of Vir- 
ginia, engaged in the hardware business; and 
Helen, wife of Mr. Macumber, of Boston. 

Of the second marriage the subject of this 
notice is the only surviving child. At the 
age of sixteen years he began clerking in a 
general store, and afterwards became a mem- 
ber of the party that surveyed the Giand 
Rapids & Indiana Railroad through Michi- 
gan. When this work was done he secured 
a position as bookkeeper for Rudd & Green 
at Rudd's Mills, Monroe county, Wisconsin, 
and remained there seven years. At the end 
of this period a new experience awaited him 
on the Pacific coast; there he spent one year 
on a ranch, returning home on account of 
illness. He then ressumed the business he 
had left, with the same firm, continuing in 
their employ until J nly 4, 1879, when he 
was appointed to his present position, which 
he has tilled faithfully and acceptably "through 
all the different kinds of weather and admin- 
istrations." His first run was between La 
Ci'osse and Chicago, on the Chicago, Milwau- 
kee & St. Paul Railroad, but at the present 
time his run is between Winona and Chicago. 
Thirteen years of service have tested his abil- 
ity, and the honor and integrity of his pur- 
pose have not fallen short of his mental 
capacity. He has been promoted to the 
highest point attained in this branch of the 
Government service. 

Mr. Hunt was married September 21, 
1877, to Miss J. R. Barstow, a daughter of 
William and Mary E. Barstow, of Reeds- 
burg, Wisconsin. The father died March 9, 
1883, aged sixty years, and the mother passed 
away September 29, 1877, aged fifty-three 
years. Mr. and Mrs. Barstow arc the parents 
of four daughters: Cornelia, wife of George 
Benedict; Nellie, wife of Joe Denning; 
Martha, widow of Hannibal Ayres, and Mis. 
Hunt. Mr. Hunt takes an active interest 



in political questions. He is a natural me- 
chanic, and does remarkably fine work in 
wood; he also has a decided taste for natural 
history, and has made a fine collection of 
specimens. At one time he held the office of 
Town Clerk, was station agent, telegraph 
operator, and a member of the Board of Edu- 
cation. He has always enjoyed the highest 
respect and esteem of the community in 
which he lives. 



►4WI- 



H^alflLUAM GALYIN, traveling auditor 
w®fl of the Northern Pacific Railroad, came 
i^^j to La Crosse in 18G9, and has been a 
resident here ever since. He first saw the 
liglit of day in Galena, Illinois, April 9, 1847, 
and his parents, D. and Bridget Galvin, were 
natives of Ireland. The father was engaged 
in buying grain, held a number of ofiices in 
Galena, and was extensively known. He was 
hard of hearing and was killed by the cars 
when crossinor a railroad track. He was born 
in the year 1802, and came to America in 
1838. He was straightforward, honest and 
upright in all his dealings, and many public 
trusts he had held were kept with the most 
scrupulous fidelity. He was president of the 
Board of Education, and was an important 
factor in educational affairs. He died in 
October, 1884, and was a prominent member 
of the Catholic Church, as was also his wife, 
who died November 2, 1886, when seventy- 
two years of age.- William Galvin is the 
oldest living child born to his parents; then 
Katherine, wife of T. L. McDermit, of Ga- 
lena, Illinois; and then D. J., who resides in 
Jamestown, North Dakota, and who married 
Miss Catherine Calahan. Our subject was 
educated in Galena, Illinois, and commenced 
for himself on the Southern Minnesota Rail- 
road. When the system was bought out he 



300 



BIOGRAPUTCAL HT STORY. 



still reniaineil in the employ of the same 
road, having been with the same for about 
twenty years, and filling almost all the posi- 
tions up to the one he now holds. He first 
commenced as expense-bill clerk, and was 
agent for l.a Crosse station just preceding 
his present appointment. lie is one of the 
county's best citizens, and takes an interest 
in whatever promises good for his commu- 
nity, lie was married on the 15th of De- 
cember, 1873, to Miss Margaret A. Manning, 
daughter of Thomas and Mary Manning, of 
La Crosse. The parents were natives of 
Ireland, but came to this country when 
young. The father was engaged East in the 
grocery business. lie died when forty-two 
years of age, but his widow is still living, 
and is seventy-five years of age. They had 
si.\ children, three still living: Thomas, of 
La Crosse; Elizabeth and Mrs. Galvin. Mr. 
(ialvin is a Democrat in politics, and a mem- 
ber of the Knights of Honor. Mr. and Mrs. 
Galvin are niemljers of the Roman Catholic 
Church. 

W. IlEYDON. cooper.— Among the 
standard and leading establishments of 
^^ the city of La Crusse, Wisconsin, is 
the coopering establishment of Mr. Heydon, 
the manager of the La Crosse barrel factories 
of Messrs. Doud, Sons &, Co. The factories 
are at Winona, Mankato, Stillwater, Duluth 
and West Superior, and stave factories are at 
Rudolph and Pittsville, Wisconsin. The 
goods are guaranteed and standard with the 
trade. Those dealing with Mr. Heydon will 
get advantages not duplicated elsewhere, for 
the machinery in use is of the finest and most 
modern make; the goods can be made at less 
cost than at many other places, and for this 
reason can be sold at very reasonable prices. 



Mr. Heydon was born in Onondaga county, 
New York, April 17, 1828, to Miles and Be- 
linda (Symonds) Heydon, tlie former a native 
of Connecticut, who came to New York when 
about twenty-one years of aije, and there fol- 
lowed farming throughout the remainder of 
his life. He was a soldier in the war of 
1812 for several months, and die! at about 
the age of si.xty years, his wife having 
passed from life many years before. Their 
union was blessed in the birth of five sons and 
four daughters, seven members of which 
family grew to maturity and four are now 
living: Leonard; Parker; E. W., the subject 
of this sketch; and John, all of whom are 
living in Western New York with the excep- 
tion of E. W. The latter was educated in 
the public schools of New Y'ork, and in the 
State of his birth learned the details of fann- 
ing and the cooper's trade. With the desire 
to better his financial affairs he came West 
September 5, 1853, and nntil 1857 was a 
resident of Lockport, Illinois, but from Trem- 
pealeau county, Wisconsin, he came to La 
Crosse about twelve years since and has since 
conducted a farm as well as his cooperage 
establishment. While in Trempealeau county 
he was a school official and was an important 
factor in the educational affairs of his com- 
munity. 

In February, 1864, he enlisted in tlie Union 
army in Company I, Thirty sixth Wisconsin 
Volunteer Infantry, and took part in tlie 
battle of Petersburg, which lasted several 
months, and later took part in the deadly 
charge at that place. He held the rank of 
First Lieutenant on entering the service, and 
later was promoted to the rank of Captain. 
He was detailed on the start to gather about 
him some sixty men who were at home on 
furlough, and after doing so reported for duty 
at Alexandria, Virginia, to General Briggs. 
He was honorably discharged in January, 




?.=J^. f/^^?^^^^. 



BIOGHAPBIGAL HISTuRY. 



301 



1865, on account of disability and returned 
home, but for some time previous to doing 
so assisted in the pay rolls. Since the war 
he has given his attention to his trade and 
has done vpell, being now one of the wide- 
awake men of La Crosse. He is a member 
of the I. O. O. F. and the G. A. R. He takes 
considerable interest in politics and votes the 
Republican ticket, but lias never put forward 
his claims for political pieference. He is a 
worthy and industrious citizen, and in the 
liighest degree honorable in his business 
transactions. In his business he goes on the 
principle that it is the cheapest to buy the 
best, make the best, and sell the best that 
the trade can afford. 

September 22, 1857, he was married, in 
Trempealeau county, to Miss Gertrude Doud, 
daughter of Chauncey and Sarah (Comstock) 
Doud, both natives of Jefferson county, New 
York, moving afterwards to Michigan in 
1836, having been married in New York two 
years earlier. They resided in Michigan 
until 1842, then moved to Kendall county, 
Illinois, to Lockport, Will county, of the same 
State in 1849, and to Wisconsin in 1857, 
landing in Trempealeau county on the 22d 
of May. The father was a farmer, but al- 
ways followed coopering. He now resides in 
Winona, Minnesota, at the age of eighty- 
three years, his wife having died May 13, 
1887, aged seventy-seven years. To this 
couple eight children were born, two of whom 
died in irifaucy: Roice resides in Winona, 
Minnesota, his first wife beino; Iowa Batch- 
elder, and his second, Jesse Muir; Anna 
(Mrs. Heydon); Anna, widow of Abner Har- 
ris, resides in Winona; Marietta (deceased); 
George (deceased); Maria Louisa, wife of 
George M. Brush, resides in Minneapolis; 
Cornelia L., widow of Fred Bonner, keeps 
house for her father, and George S., of 
Winona, married to Josie Newell. Mr. and 

21 



Mrs. Heydon are the parents of the following 
children: Clarence R., an engineer and ma- 
chinist; Harry E. has charge of a cooper 
shop at Mankato, Minnesota. His wife is 
Zoe Nimock, and their two daughters are 
Grace and Blanche; Gertrude D. is a teacher 
in the schools of La Crosse, and takes rank 
with the progressive and successful teachers 
of the county', and Lottie is fitting herself for 
a teacher in the Normal School of Mankato, 
Minnesota. Altliongli the Heydons are not 
members of any church, they usually attend 
the Universalist Church. 

L. JENKS, a lumber merchant of La 
Crosse and an honored pioneer of the 
* county, owes his nativity to Lyme, 
Grafton county, New Hampshire, the year 
of his birth being 1837. His parents, John 
and Marinda (Cook) Jenks, were also natives 
of the Granite State, where the father fol- 
lowed farming. He was an industrious, up- 
ritrht and honorable citizen; his death 
occurred in 1869, at the age of si.xty-tive 
years; his wife passed away in 1883 at the 
age of seventy years. Of the ten children 
born to them, six are still living, and two 
sons and a daughter are in the West. C. L. 
Jenks came to Wisconsin in the fall of 1856, 
settled in La Crosse, and there has resided 
ever since, surrounded by many warm 
friends. He began the battle of life for him- 
self working by the day in the woods and on 
the river, driving and contracting and raft- 
ing; he has made the most of the opportuni- 
ties that have presented themselves to him, 
and is now the owner of a wholesale and re- 
tail lumber yard; he also owns a commodious 
residence on Seventh street, which is very 
complete in all its appointments. 

Mr. Jenks selected his wife in the person 



303 



nioaiiAPiiiCAL HfSToiir. 



of Miss Harriet Dalton, daughter of John E. 
Dalton, M. I)., and tiieir nuptials were cele 
brated in 1861. Dr. Dalton was a graduate 
of Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, and 
began the practice of his profession in Mar- 
tinsville, Clinton county, Ohio, and later 
located in New Vienna, Ohio. In 1851, 
durii g the excitement over the gold dis- 
cover}' in Calif()rnia,he journeyed to that State, 
going overland, and walked more than three- 
fourths of the distance. The company was 
orcjanized at St. Louis, and made what is 
now Kansas City, Mo., their meeting point; 
from this place an immense train of ox teams 
and wagons started for the gold "diggins." 
Much sickness prevailed during the journey, 
which required six months for its accom- 
plishment, and the Doctor was kept "on the 
go," now in advance, now in the rear part of 
the train; thus it was that most of the jour- 
ney for him was made on foot. He remained 
in California three years, but during that 
period gave most of his time to his profes- 
sion, lieturiiing to Clinton county, Ohio, 
he continued his practice until 1858, when he 
removed with his family to La Crosse, Wis- 
consin, but after a few years retired. He 
was a very successful physician, a ripe scholar 
and a leader in the profession of medicine. 
He died in 1887, at the age of eighty-seven 
years; his wile died in 1884, aged three 
score and ten years. Both were honored 
members of the Universalist Church. Dr. 
Dalton was widely known, and it was said 
that he had not an enemy in the world. He 
was born in Warner, New Hampshire, and 
his wife was a native of Claremont, New 
Hampsliire. Their children, five in number, 
are all living and are honored residents of La 
Crosse county. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jenks have a happy home 
which has been blessed in the birth uf six 
children: Ellen, wife of Abram James, 



resides in La Crosse and is the mother of two 
children, Grace and May; Charles is foreman 
in the rafting business with his father; his 
wife's maiden name was Lizzie Mathewson; 
John has charge of the lumber yard in North 
La Crosse; he married Miss Anna G. Paul; 
Albert is at work in the yard, and William 
and Louis are pupils in the public school. 
Mr. Jenks is an ardent Itepublican and has 
always manifested a lively interest in the 
welfare of his party and its general success. 
He and his wife are numbered among the 
esteemed citizens of La Crosse county, as are 
also his children and their families. 



> 



fIL LIGHTBODY, LaCrosse, Wiscon- 
sin. — Few, if any, among those en craijed 
** in the real-estate and insurance business 
in this city maintain as high a reputation for 
integrity and reliability as Mr. Lightbody, 
whose office is located at No. 107 North 
Fourth street. He was born in Oneida 
county, New York, July 25, IS-tO, and his 
father, Archibald Lightbady, was a native of 
Scotland. The mother, whose maiden name 
was Angeline Prentiss, was a native also of 
Oneida county. New York. Archibald Light- 
body and family came to Wisconsin in 1852, 
settled in Calumet county, and there the 
father followed his trade, that of mechanic. 
He died in that county in 1873, when sixty- 
one years of age. He was a prominent mem- 
ber of the Congregational Church, and the 
mother, who is still living and resides in La 
(Jrosse, is an esteemed member of the sauie. 
She is now about seventy-four years of age. 
J. H. Lightbody, the eldest of live children, 
commenced business for himself in a print- 
ing-office at Fonddu Lac, Wisconsin, and the 
last year was publisher of the Fond da Lac 
Commonwealth. After this he spent ten 



BIOORAPHICAL HISTORY. 



303 



years in New York city, in the mercantile 
business, closed out in 1871, and then came 
to Wisconsin, where he was in the employ of 
the Singer Manufacturing (Company, having 
charge of one of their offices at Madison, 
Watertown and La Crosse. He continued 
with this company for fourteen years, and in 
1887 engaged iu his present business, which 
he has followed ever since with good success. 
In lire insurance he represents the United 
States of New York city, and the Meelianics' 
of l^'hiladelphia. He also deals in real estate, 
has an extensive business, and has his full 
share of the trade. 

Mr. Lightbody is married and has fonr 
children: Archie, in the employ of Hodges 
& Hyde, as stenographer and correspondent; 
Herbert, wlio is employed by Stultz & Schick, 
as an architect; and Martha and James, aa:ed 
respectively nine and fonr. Mr. and Mrs. 
Lightbody are members of the Congrega- 
tional Church, and in politics the former is a 
Republican. 



C. TECHMER is a manufacturer of 
corn meal, graham flour, and ground 
Tfsii® feed, and dealer in grain, grass seed, 
baled hay and straw, white lime, plaster of 
Paris, cement and adamant plaster, in La 
Crosse, Wisconsin, is thoroughly imbued 
v^ith enterprise and public spirit, both of 
which attributes are essential for the welfare 
of man's business and for the good of a city. 
He was born in Germany, October 6, 1856, 
to A. and Mary (Eichler) Techmer, who came 
from their native land to America in 1869, 
and took up their residence in La Crosse, of 
which city they are still honored residents. 
The father served in one of the German wars 
for three years, and by trade is a carpenter. 
Of eleven children born to them, seven are 



still living, and all reside in La Crosse, with 
the interests of which place they have 
thoroughly identified themselves. H. C. 
Techmer began business for iiimself in 1883, 
opening a feed store, which caught fire and 
burned to the ground in 1887. It was called 
the La Crosse Milling Company. Mr. Tech- 
mer has now the largest business of the kind 
in the city, and his annual yearly profit is 
large and eminently satisfactory. 

He was married June 6, 1888, to Miss 
Laura Bosshard, daughter of Jacob and 
Susannah Bosshard of La Crosse, who are 
well-to-do and highly respected citizens. 
They were born in Switzerland, but have been 
residents of America for about twenty five 
years past. Their family consists of fonr 
children. Mr. and Mrs. Techmer's union has 
been blessed in the birth of one child, a bright 
little daughter, Leona. Mr. Techmer is a 
member of the German Lutheran Church, 
and is one of the most enterprising business 
men of the city. He favors and lends a help- 
ing hand to all worthy movements which con- 
duce to the prosperity of the city and county; 
is a law-abiding citizen whose career has been 
above reproach. 



'^^uzruv- 



-l/irtro^^^ 



UHLMAN & GASS, manufacturers 
of galvanized iron cornices and window 
caps, tin, slate and sheet-iron roofing, 
occupy a prominent place in commercial cir- 
cles in La Crosse county. The firm is com- 
posed of Adolpli F. Kuhlman and Anthony 
Gass, of whom brief personal mention will 
be made. 

Anthony Gass was born in the city of 
Chicago, Illinois, April 30, 1856, and is a 
son of Matthias and Catharine (Beurle) Gass. 
The father was a native of Batzendorf, Alsace, 
and the mother came from Heidenheim, 



304 



BIOOHAPIIICAL IIISTORT. 



Germany, the village being located in Wiirt- 
embiirg. Matthias Gass emigrated to Amer- 
ica when a young man, and located in 
Chicago, where he was married. In 1866 
he removed with his family to La Crosse, and 
iu 1876 went to Buffalo county. Wisconsin, 
where he now resides. lie and his wife had 
born to them a family of four sons and four 
daughters, three sons and two daughters 
surviving. 

Our subject grew to manlmod in this city, 
and learned the trade of I in -sheet and metal 
worker. In 1885 he formed a partnership 
with Mr. Kuhlman for the purpose of carry- 
ing on the business on a more extensive plan. 
They liave been connected with the construc- 
tion of the Funk buildings, the Zelsler 
Brewery plant, Doerre's building. Bliss & 
Sell's block, Canterbury block, St. Joseph's 
Church tower, and the Adoration chapel. 

Mr. Gass was married in this city to Miss 
Louisa Berg, a daughter of Christian and 
Kunigunda Berg, natives of Wiirtemburg 
and Bavaria, respectively. lie is a member 
of the society of St. Boniface, of St. Joseph's 
Casino, and of the La Crosse Diocesan Life 
Insurance Company. 

Adolph F. Kuhlman was born near Marl- 
gaerten on the Ileisen, in the kingdom of 
Hanover, Germany, June 11, 1836, and is a 

son of John Ikrnard and (Burlage) 

Kuhlman; the father was a farmer l)y occu- 
pation. In 1854 Adolph came to America, 
landing in the city of Boston; there he spent 
two years, coming at the end of that time to 
Dubuque, Iowa. He lived in the latter place 
for about eighteen years, and there learned 
the trade of a sheet-metal worker and tin- 
smith, lie subsequently spent some time in 
Winneshiek county, Iowa, and also at Grand 
Haven, Wisconsin. In 1882 he came to La 
Crosse, and since that time has been a con- 



spicuous iigure in commercial and building 
circles. 

He was united in marriage to Miss Eva 
Weber, in Winneshiek c(junty, Iowa. Mrs. 
Kuhlman is a native of Cincinnati, Ohio, and 
is a daughter of parents of Bavarian birth. 
()i this union one son and three daughters 
have been born: Ottilia, a sister in the Con- 
vent of St. Francis of Rose, Alma; Eva and 
William. The parents are communicants of 
St. Nicholas' Roman Catholic Church Mr. 
Kuhlman belongs to St. Alphonsns' Roman 
Catholic Benevolent Society, of Dubuque, 
Iowa, and to the La Crosse Diocesan Life 
Insurance Company. Both members of tiie 
lirm of Kuhlman & Gass are active workers 
in the Builders' E.vchange of La Crosse. 

fOHN KAHLER, foreman of the car- 
pentry department of the shops of the 
Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway 
Company at La Crosse, was born in Milwau- 
kee, August 28, 1858, a son of Charles and 
Magdalena (Stork) Kahler, the former a 
native of Saxony and the latter of Darmstadt, 
Germany, who came to America in their 
young days. The father was a car-repairer 
in this country. After his marriage, in Mil- 
waukee, he came to La Crosse, upon the 
completion of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. 
Paul Railway to this point. They reared 
four sons, namely: August, who is now en- 
gaged in stock ranching in Idaho; William, 
car-repairer in Minneapolis; Charles, a miner 
in Idaho; and the subject of this sketch. 

Mr. Kahler learneil the carpenter's trade, 
entered the railroad shops here, and since 
1885 has served in his present capacity, for 
which he is so well adapted. He is a mem- 
ber of the Brotherhood of Railway Carmen, 



BWGBAPHIOAL BISTORT. 



305 



and is now serviug his first term as Super- 
visor of the Fifteenth Ward of La Crosse. 

He was married, in this city, to Miss 
Amelia, daughter of John Brinkrnan, and 
and they have two sons and four daughters, 
namely: Lizzie, August, Lillie, Minnie, Ida 
and William. 

fACOB HAHN, Secretary of the La 
Crosse Board of Public Works, was 
born in Geoghr, Prussia, near the city 
of Cologne, December 11, 1850. He is a 
son of John and Anna Sophia (Capellan) 
Hahn, natives of Prussia, who emigrated to 
America in 1857, and located at La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, in April of that year. Both 
passed the remainder of their lives in this 
city. The mother was married before her 
union to John Hahn, and had two daughters: 
Catherine became the wife of William F. 
Gohres, and died in early womanhood ; Mary 
S. married John O'Neill, and now resides in 
North La Crosse. Henry and another son 
died in infancy. Jacob received his educa- 
tion in the conimon schools of this city, and 
was also a student in the parochial school 
under the jurisdiction of the Franciscan 
Sisters of Perpetual Adoration; he was grad- 
uated from the La Crosse Commercial Col- 
lege, and embarked in business on his own 
account in partnership with John O'Neil; 
they carried on a prosperous grocery trade 
until 1876, when he bought Mr. O'Neil's 
interest and continued the business alone 
until 1884, when he sold out and retired 
from active pursuits. At the end of two 
years he engaged in the hardware trade, 
the firm being Hahn & Butsch; this rela- 
tionship existed two years, at the end of 
which time he disposed of his interest, and 
then established himself in trade alone. He 



is still conducting the business, and has a 
wide patronage of the best class of citizens. 

Mr. Hahn has served two terms as a mem- 
ber of the Common Council, and in 1891 he 
was elected a member of the Board of Public 
Works, and by the board was chosen sec- 
retary. 

He was married October 3, 1877, to Miss 
Theresa Schafiermeyer, a native of Minnesota; 
of this union seven children have been born: 
the eldest, Mary, died in infancy; Mary S., 
Henry H., Annie Sophia, Peter, John and 
Joseph. Mr. Hahn is a member of St. 
John's Society, and was its first president. 
He belonors to the Washington Hose Com- 
panj. No. 2, of the City Fire Department. 
He and his wife both belong to St. John's 
Itoman Catholic Church. 

Li his present official capacity Mr. Hahn 
has been of great service to the city, and has 
made the most of his opportunities to ad- 
vance her interests. 



J. KELLY.— The Board of Public 
!L Works of La Crosse, Wisconsin, con- 
® sists of Edmund J. Kelly, President, 
Jacob Hahn, Secretary, and W. H. Tarbox. 
This board has control of all public works, 
and is empowered to make all contracts for 
the construction of bridges, walks, sewers, 
lighting of city buildings, etc. The wagon 
and foot bridge recently contracted for by 
the city is the largest on the Mississippi 
river except at St. Louis. The city has 
twenty and a half miles of water mains, and 
a little more than fifteen miles of macadam- 
ized streets. Three city buildings are being 
constructed in 1891: the city hall, at a cost 
of $40,000; a schoolhouse in the Tenth Ward, 
at a cost of $9,000, and an addition to the 
schoolhouse in the Sixth Ward, at a cost of 



?06 



nWGRAPHIG.lL HISTORY. 



$7,000. The city water system pays a good 
revenue over and above cost of operating, 
and tlie water supply is very superior. 

Mr. Kelly is a native of Brownsville, Min- 
nesota, horn July 24, 1S57, and is a son of 
E. D. and Mary (Frawiey) Kelly, natives of 
Ireland; the parents emigrated to America 
in their youth, and weie married at Steuben- 
ville, Ohio, in 1852. Edmund J. was edu- 
cated in the public schools of Brownsville, 
Minnesota, and was graduated in 1875. He 
then engaged in teaching, and followed the 
profession about nine months. In 1877 he 
came to La Crosse, and embarked in the 
grocery trade, and afterward was employed 
by AVilliam Haynes in the retail grocery 
trade. For one year he was billing and en- 
tering clerk in the wholesale house of J. J. 
Hogan, and in 1882 he opened a grocery 
and provision store on his own account; this 
lie conducted until the spring of 1891, when 
he closed out the business. 

In the spi-ing of 1885 the people of La 
Crosse testified to their confidence in Mr. 
Kelly by electing him a member of the Com- 
mon Council; lie served in this capacity for six 
years, and in 1891 he was selected a member 
of the Board of Public Works for a term 
of four years; he was immediately made 
president of the board. 

Mr. Kelly was united in marriage, June 
16, 1885, to Miss Mary Kcaveny, a native of 
Ireland, who was brought by her parents to 
America when she was three years of age. 
Three children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Kelly: Mary, Edmund J., and Harriett, 
all of whom are living. Mr. Kelly is a 
member of the Ancient Order of Hibernians, 
and is county delegate of the order; he be- 
longs to the Catholic Knights of Wisconsin, 
an insurance association, of which he is 
firancial secretary for this city; he is a mem- 
ber of the Third Regiment of Wisconsin Na- 



tional Guards, Company B, in whicli he is 
serving his fourth year. He and his wife 
are members of St. Mary's Catholic Church, 
of which he is financial secretary. 

E. I), and Mary (Frawiey) Kelly reared a 
family of three sons and two daughters: 
James, Daniel M., Johanna, Elizabeth, and 
Edmund J.; the eldest sister, Johanna, mar- 
ried Thomas Blake, and resides in San Jose, 
California; the brothers are residents of La 
Crosse, while Elizabeth lives with her father. 
The mother died when our subject was a lad 
of seven years; the father married a second 
time, and is again a widower. 



IIOMAS H. SPENCE, wholesale and 
{1. retail dealer in drugs, paints, oils and 



m 



glass, occupies an important position in 
commercial circles in this city, and is entitled 
to more than a passing mention. He is a 
native of the State of AVisconsin, born in 
AYaukesha, August 3, 1851, and is a son of 
Thomas and Jane (Leslie) Sjience. His 
parents were born near Belfast, Ireland, and 
emigrated to America about the year of 1845 
or 1846; after spending some time in Brook- 
lyn, New York, they came to Wisconsin, and 
settled at AA'^aukesha. In the latter years of 
his life, Mr. Spence was connected with the 
real-estate and loan business; he is a man of 
excellent education, and in his younger days 
taught school and served as a minister of the 
gospel. 

Thomas II. Spence grew to manhood in 
AVaukesha, and obtained a fair education in 
the common schools. At the age of thirteen 
years he was apprenticed as a drug clerk in 
the store of 1. M. AA^iite, where he remained 
seven years; during this time he acquired a 
thorough knowledge of the retail trade in all 
its details, and in March, 1871, he came to 



BIOGRAPHICAL BISTORT. 



307 



La Crosse to take charge of the store of John 
S. Lester & Co. He managed this business 
three years, at the end of which time he pur 
chased the stock, and has since maintained 
the high reputation of the house. His whole- 
sale trade extends throughout Wisconsin, 
Iowa, Minnesota and Dakota, over which ter- 
ritory he has two traveling salesman. 

Upon the organization of the State Board 
of rharniacj in 1882, Mr. Spence rendered 
most efficient service in perfecting the plans 
of that body, and served as its president for 
two years, his period of service covering six 
years. His quarter of a century's experience 
in the profession has well qualified him for 
tlie responsible position he tills, and his care- 
ful and correct habits of tilling prescriptions 
has won the contidence of a wide circle of 
physicians. His wholesale establishment at 
No. 119 North Front street is a three-story 
building, and the retail trade is carried on at 
No. 303 Main street, in a spacious and well- 
lighted room. 

The business has increased rapidly, sixty 
per cent, of the growth being in mail orders, 
showing that the reputation of the store is 
reaching far .beyond local circles. A large 
business is done in Parry^s family medicines, 
which are prepared and sold exclusively by 
him; he also owns the "White Beaver's" 
popular medicines. Success is the Just re- 
ward of the persevering industry and high 
and honorable dealing of such men as Mr. 
Spence. 

He was married at Portage, "Wisconsin, to 
Miss Ada Wyckoff, a native of Pennsylvania, 
a lady of clever literary attainments, a gradu- 
ate of Elmira College, New York, and a 
daughter of Samuel and Angeline (Burchard) 
Wyckoff. One son has been born of this 
union, Elbert Wyckoff. 

Mr. Spence is a stockholder of the Inter- 
State Fair Association and of tiie La Crosse 



National Bank. He is one of the incor- 
porators of the Jobbers and Manufacturers. 
Union of La Crosse, and has been Treasurer 
of the Royal Arcanum several years. 



A'-- 



t-8->=-^^ 



I^GID HACKNER has been a residentof 
the United States since 1880, and is one 
of the most enterprising and prosperous 
citizens of La Crosse county, Wisconsin. He 
was born in the village of Fordheim, on the 
river Schwarzach, in the Kingdom of Bavaria, 
December 27, 1856. His parents, John and 
Crecentia (Kapfer) Ilackner, were also natives 
of Germany; the father died in 1879; he was 
a farmer by occupation. Our subject passed 
his youth in his native village, obtaining a 
good education in tlie common-schools, which 
was supplemented by a collegiate course at 
Eichstadt. He then began to learn the trade 
of altar-building, and for this purpose spent 
two years in the art schools of Munich, study 
incr drawing and wood-carving. He worked 
at his trade in different cities in his native 
country, and in October, 1880, he emigrated 
to America, coming almost immediately to 
La Crosse. Here he has been prominently 
ideutitied with the building interests; he 
employs twenty-three skilled workmen, and 
does an annual business of $15,000. 

Mr. Hackner was united in marriage at La 
Crosse, to Miss Julia Kracklauer, a native of 
Freistadt, Germany, born January 2, 1857, 
and a daughter of Paul and Katrine Krack- 
lauer. Mr. and Mrs. Hackner are the parents 
of three sons and four daughters: Lizzie, Ju- 
lia, Katie, John, Annie, William and George. 
They are both members of the Catholic 
Church. Mr. Hackner belongs to the St. 
Boniface Society, to the Catholic Knights of 
Wisconsin, to the Diocesan Life Insurance 
Company, and to the Casino. He is also an 



308 



BIOORAPHICAL HISTORY. 



active member of the Board of Trade of La 
Crosse. 

In 1882 Mrs. Hacklier, inotlier of onr sub- 
ject, came to America, and makes lier liome 
with her son, the Kev. Willebald Ilackuer, 
priest of St. Mary's Roman Catholic Churcli 
&i Fountain City, Wisconsin. 



|MIL TRAUGOTT MUELLER, secre- 
tary and treasurer of tlie G. Heileman 
J>rewing Company, was born in the 
city of La Crosse, Wisconsin, January 5, 
1858, and is a son of Traugott and Emma 
(Raseman) Mueller, natives of Chemnitz, 
Saxony. The parents were married in the 
"Fatherland," and emigrated to America 
about the year 1852. The father was a 
baker by trade, and carried on this businecs 
after settling in La Crosse, until the time of 
his death, which occurred September 13, 
1869. His remains were interred with all 
the honors of the Deutsche Verein, of which 
he had been a member for many years; he 
was a charter member of the La Crosse or- 
ganization. He was also a member of the 
Lutheran Church. The family consisted of 
two sons and two daughters: Frances M., 
Emma, wife of Matthias Keller; Otto, a 
surveyor and draughtsman; and Emil Trau- 
gott, the subject of this notice. 

Mr. Mueller received a good education in 
the common schools, which was supple- 
mented by a thorough commercial course. 
At the age of fifteen years he took charge of 
the books and did general clerking at Green- 
wood, Wisconsin, where he remained four or 
live years. He then returned to La Crosse, 
where he clerked until 1881, accepting in 
tliat year a position as assistant manager and 
bookkeeper of the Heileman Brewing Com- 
pany. In 1884 he took the general manage- 



ment of the business, and under liis wise 
direction the establishment has increased its 
output to 21,000 barrels per aiunm. He is 
one of the most active members of commer- 
cial circles, and has always given a cordial 
encouragement to those enterprises which 
have had for their object the best interests of 
tlie community. He is a member of the 
Deutsche Verein, and enjoys the friendship 
of a very wide circle of acquaintances. 

Mr. Mueller was married in this city to 
Miss Louisa Heileman, a daughter of Gott- 
lieb Heileman, whose history appears else- 
where in this volume. Of this union four 
sons and a daughter have been born: Walter, 
Alfred, Erwin, Otto and Jennie. The parents 
are worthy and consistent members of the 
Lutheran Church. 



OTLIEB HEILEMAN, deceaeed, was 
born in Germany, January 6, 1824, and 
was a son of Casper and Fredericka 
(Meyer) Heileman, both of whom died in the 
" Fatherland." They had a family of eight 
children, four sons and four daughters; two 
sons and a daughter are all that survive. 
Mr. Heileman emigrated to America in 1852, 
and for a year resided in Philadelphia; thence 
he went to Milwaukee, and there formed a 
partnership with Gotlieb Meyer, one of his 
own countrymen. They carried on a bakery 
for five years, and at the end of that time 
Mr. Heileman came to La Crosse and em- 
barked in the brewing business with John 
Gund. This relationship existed fourteen 
years, when Mr. Gund left the business on 
Third street; Mr. Heileman, however, con- 
tinued to manage the business until his 
death, which occurred February 19, 1878. 
He built an extensive establishment on Third 
street, and the business conducted there gives 
employment to a large number of men. 



BICGBAPHIVAL HISTORY. 



309 



Juue 28, 1858, he was united in marriage 
to Miss Johanna Bantle, a daugliter of Lud- 
wig and Cathrina (Sige!) Bantle, natives of 
the same German province. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bantle had a family of five sons and three 
daughters, Mrs. Heileman being the fourth 
in order of birth. The father died at the 
age of seventy years, and the mother at the 
age of sixty-one years. Jacob, tlieir oldest 
?on, is deceased, but the others are all living, 
and citizens of the United States. Mrs. Heile- 
man came to this country in 1852, and spent 
four years with lier brothers in New York; 
thence she went to Milwaukee, where she was 
married. Mr. and Mrs. Heileman are the 
parents of eight children: Louisa, wife of 
E. T. Mueller; Lena married D. Reinns, and 
is the motiier of one child, Charlotte; Emma 
is the wife of George Zeisler, a brewer of 
La Crosse, and they have a family of four 
children — Georgia, Ida, Emma and Henry; 
Minnie married William Linker, and their 
only child, Alfred, died at the age of nine 
months, in 1891; Paulina is at home; Henry 
is vice-president and sujierintendent of the 
Heileman Brewing Company; Ida and Jen- 
nie are also at home. The mother and chil- 
dren are all members of the German Lutheran 
Church. Mr. Heileman was a man of getiial 
manner and kindly disposition, winning many 
friends. He lived a quiet, contented life 
with his wife and children, and enjoyed the 
coniidence of all who knew him. 



^^ 



[HEODORE KIENAHS is engaged in 
one of the most delightful as well as 
profitable occupations, that of a florist. 
He is a native of the country that has pro- 
duced some of the most successful gardeners, 
born at Sterlitz, Prussia, thirty miles north 
of Berlin, September 17, 1859. His parents, 



Heinrich and Fredericka (Jaricho) Kienahs, 
emigrated to America in 1866, and located in 
La Crosse where they now reside. They 
have reared a family of one son and three 
daughters: Theodore, the subject of this 
biographical sketch; Mary, wife of Anton 
Kroll of Shelby township, La Crosse county; 
Line, wife of Otto Dimmler of Eau Claire, 
Wisconsin; and Annie, wife of William H. 
Luening of La Crosse. 

Mr. Kienahs received his education in the 
common-schools of La Crosse, and in early 
youth began the study of the occupation of 
his father who was also a florist. He has 
been very prosperous in this enterprise, and 
has contribute 1 his share to the development 
and extension of the trade. He is a mem- 
ber of the German ia Society, and of the 
Board of Trade of La Crosse. 



^ 



fjjROF. AUG. FR. SOBOTKA, the prin- 
cipal teacher in the St. Wenceslaus' 
School, was born at Polna, Bohemia, 
August 10, 1859, and is the only child of 
Frank and Louisa (Fiala) Sobotka.also natives 
of Polna, Bohemia. The father was a farmer 
and market gardener, and later added a meat 
market to his business; he died of cholera in 
1866, but his wife is still living, and resides 
in her native land. Professor Sobotka was 
educated in his own country; he first entered 
a school at Olmutz, where he pursued the 
lower studies, as a class-mate of Rev. Father 
Rynda, the present pastor of St. Stanislaus' 
Bohemian Church, St. Paul, Minnesota. He 
spent four years in the seminary for teachers 
at Troppan in Silesia, from which institution 
he was graduated in June, 1878. October 
28th of the same year he was employed as a 
teacher at Lubna, Bohemia, and remained 
there until April 13, 1880, when he went to 



810 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



Geisshiibel, Bohemia, where he taught until 
August 4, 1884. In that year he emigrated 
to America, landing in the city of New Yoriv. 
From that time until April, 1888, lie was em- 
ployed in St. Stanislaus' School at St. Paul, 
Minnesota, and also served the church of the 
same name as organist. He came to La 
Crosse in 1888, and was installed as teacher 
in tlie school above mentioned; he is also 
churcli organist. He received his musical 
education at the seminary in Troppan, the 
capital of Silesia, making himself a master 
of both vocal and instrumental music, lie 
has a larcfe class in music to which he can 
devote only his evenings. He is Notary Pub- 
lic, represents some of the leading insurance 
companies of the country, and acts as corres- 
pondent of Consul H. Claussenius of Chicago. 
Professor Sobotka was united in marriage 
November 13, 1884, to Miss Mary Pojman, a 
native of Polna, Bohemia; they have had 
born to them four children: August, Mary, 
and Louisa are living; Emanuel died in St. 
Paul. The parents are communicants of the 
Roman ('atholic Church. The Professor is 
president of the Second Bohemian Roman 
Catholic Union of the State of Wisconsin; 
he is also a member of the order of Bohemian 
Knights, and St. Wenceslaus' and St. John's 
Societies of La Crosse. 



'l/m^-^ 



-•>-T>'l/2/(^— ><— ^< 



[EORGE S. NICHOLS, captain and 
pilot on the Mississippi river, was born 
at Galena, Illinois, in 1855, to George 
C. and Mary A. (Payne) Nichols, the former 
of whom was born in England and at the age 
of seven years became a sailor boy. After 
remaining on the ocean for a number of years 
he came to Galena, Illinois, some time in the 
year 1835, and engaged in river navigation, 
soon l)ciiig prf)moted to the position of pilot. 



He was in La Crosse in 1838, and was one of 
the Government employes wlio moved the 
Indians from La Crosse to a point on tiie 
Minnesota river, after which he was employed 
for a number of years on Government snag 
and other boats in improving the navigation 
of the iiortiiern portion of the Mississippi 
river. He took the only i)oat to Bhick River 
Falls that was ever taken to that place and 
navigated the Mississippi river until 1883, 
when he retired. He was considered one of 
the best pilots on the river, and was thor- 
oughly trustworthy and capable. He is now 
residing at West Salem in his si.xty-seventh 
year of age, content to rest upon the laurels 
he has won, and in the enjoyment of a fair 
income, the result of many years of toil. 
George S. Nichols spent his youth in attend- 
ing the public sciiools of his native town, and 
the first work he did in the way of earning 
his own living was as a farm hand in 1873. 
In 1878 he went to work on the river and 
learned piloting under the able instruction of 
his father, which business has been his chief 
means of livelihood ever since. He has been 
remarkably successful in this line of work 
and for the past eight years has been in the 
employ of one firm, which fact speaks in elo- 
quent terms as to his efficiency and reliabil- 
ity. He was married in 1874 to Miss Har- 
riet J. Lawton, daughter of Jacob Lawton, of 
Carthage, Illinois. A family of three chil- 
dren have blessed their union: William, 
Maud Evangeline and George, all of whom still 
remain under the shelter of the parental roof. 
Amid the active duties of his career he has 
found time to cultivate the finer and gentler 
feelings and in his private and domestic rela- 
tions, he has exemplified the character of a 
true and good man. He and his family are 
attendants of the Baptist Church, and he is 
one of the men who is working to bring 
Wisconsin into the line of Republican prin- 



BIOGRAPHICAL HI STOUT. 



311 



ciples. Genial and hospitable in his inter- 
course with those around him, he has a host 
of warm friends and his career tluis far in life 
has been above reproach. 



fDlN J. OYEN, one of the rising young 
business men of La Crosse, Wisconsin, 
is an American by adoption, his native 
country being Norway, where he was born 
May 21, 1865. He is a son of Lars and 
Anna (Seillstad) Oyen, who were also natives 
of Trondjem, Norway, Mr. Oyen is by trade 
a gilder and modeler, and whose ancestors 
for many generations had inhabited Vaage; 
they were an agricultural people. In 1870 
the family of our subject emigrated to Amer- 
ica, and after their arrival in the United 
States located at Madison, Wisconsin, where 
the two sons and three daughters grew to 
maturity. Feter A. remained in tlie old 
country and attended college, passed examina- 
tion, and is a candidate for a professorship in 
the State Geological Department of Norway. 
Odin J. received his education in tiie common 
schools, and at the age of fourteen years be- 
gan the study of his profession, that of a 
decorator. He spent six years in Madison, 
and then went to Cliicago for the purpose of 
taking an advanced course; he became a stu- 
dent in theArt Institute and during the time 
spent in this excellent school made three 
prize drawings. 

In February, 1888, he came to La Crosse 
and established himself in business, which he 
has conducted with marked success. He is a 
master of his art, and has accomplished most 
gratifying results. Among the buildings on 
which he has been employed, may be men- 
tioned the United States Government Build- 
ing, the Theater, the La Crosse County Court- 
house and many private residences. He is 



an active member of the Builders' Exchanore, 
one of the largest and most prosperous soci- 
eties of the city. He also belongs to the 
Norden Society and to the Board of Trade. 
The Inter-State Fair Association is another 
organization, which has received from Mr. 
Oyen a liberal support. He is a man of 
sterling traits of character, and is well worthy 
of the confidence reposed in by the entire 
community. 

fA. GROSS, contractor and builder, oc- 
cnpies a prominent position among the 
'^ members of his craft, and is entitled 
to more than passing mention in this record of 
the lives of the men who have aided in the de- 
velopment of the industries of La Crosse 
county. Frederick A. Gross was born in the 
city of Flatow, Prussia, December 3, 1863, and 
is a son of Frederick A. and Amelia (Schutz) 
Gross. His fatlier was a brick manufacturer 
in early life, but devoted his latter years to 
agricultural pursuits. He and his wife reared 
a familj' of three sons and four daughters. 

In 1882, Frederick A., Jr., emigrated to 
America; he was educated in his native 
country, and there acquired a thorough 
knowledge of the carpenter's trade. The first 
year of his residence in the United States 
was spent in Tomah, Wisconsin, and in 1883 
he came to La Crosse. One year later he 
embarked in the business which he has con- 
ducted so successfully, and with such gratify- 
ing results. He has made for himself a 
reputation as a trust-worthy and capable 
builder, and has established a reputation for 
high and honorable dealing. He erected the 
business block of M. Fnnk, corner of Fourth 
and Pearl streets, and a handsome residence 
for tiie same gentleman; he built the Chicago. 
Burlington & Northern car shops, Chicago, 



313 



BIOGRAPUWAL BISTORT. 



Burlington & Northern passenger depot at 
Dubnque, the schoolhouse in the Tenth Ward, 
and the approach to the La Crosse bridge 
spanning the Mississippi river at tliat point, 
at a cost of $60,000; tliis last is a very tine 
piece of work aud reilects great credit npou 
Mr. Gross. He has now a contract for build- 
ing a $30,000 residence for N. B. Hoi way. 

He was united in marriage to Miss Mary 
Gruber, a native of La Crosse and a daughter 
of John and Barbara Gruber, natives of 
Bavaria, Germany. To Mr. and Mrs. Gross 
have been born two sons and one daughter: 
Alma, Frederick, and William. The parents 
are members of the German Methodist 
Ciiurch, Mr. Gross being a member of the 
board of trustees of Zion Methodist Episco- 
pal Cliurch. Mr. Gross is also a member of 
the La Crosse Board of Trade. 



[YRON DE FORCE, West Salem, Wis- 
consin, one of the successful educators 
of the county, is a native of La Crosse 
county, Wisconsin, his birth occurring June 
19, 1869, and the son of J. Porter De Force, 
who was born at North East, Pennsylvania, 
in 1841. In 1856 the father removed to La 
Crosse, Wisconsin, where iie worked at the 
carpenter trade until 1862, wlien, tilled with 
a patriotic desire to aid his country, he en- 
listed in the Second Wisconsin Cavalry, fol- 
lowing the fortunes of that regiment through 
its four years' service. In December, 1862, 
while participating in the battle at Vrairie 
Grove, he was slightly wounded, a ball from 
the enemy grazing his cheek. Returning to 
La Crosse at the expiration of his service, he 
again resumed his work as a carpenter and 
builder. 

In 1868 he was united in marriage to Miss 



Emily C. Berg, daughter of Andrew and Anna 
Berg, who were natives of Sweden, both born 
about the year 1831. The fruits of this union 
were live children, Byron being the eldest. 
The others are: J. Elmer, died in 1876; 
Katie, residing with her mother, and our sub- 
ject; Charles E., died in 1879; and Carrie 
M., also living with her mother. In 1872 
Mr. De Force with his family moved to San 
Joaquin county, California, and there he re- 
sided until his deatli in 1885. Afterwards 
the mother and children returned to LaCrotse 
county, Wisconsin, locating at West Salem, 
where the mother bought a lot aud built a 
house with the money she secured as widow, 
from Lodge No. 108, A. O. U. W., of Lodi, 
California, being beneficiary of the late Mr. 
De Force. She now has a pleasant and com- 
fortable home for herself and family, and is 
aided in her support of the children by her 
son Byron, who works on the farms in the 
summer and teaches during the winter 
months. The latter, on the 24th of May, 
1889, became one of the charter members of 
the W. J. Phillips Camp, No. 48, Sons uf 
Veterans, and was elected Captain of the 
camp two terms in succession. This year he 
is Captain of the camp. He was appointed 
Aid-de-Camp on the staff of the Colonel 
commanding the division, and was Assistant 
Division Inspector in 1890. He inspected 
the Robert Hughs Camp at La Crosse in that 
year, and was sent to Dodge county in Sep- 
tember, 1891, to organize a camp at that 
place. He has not missed a single meeting 
of his camp since its organization. He was 
a delegate to the Division Encampment at 
La Crosse in 1891. Mr. De Force and his 
sister Kate are members of the Congrega- 
tional Church of West Salem, but the mother 
is a member of the Lutheran Church. In 
politics he is a Republican. He is one of 
the active young men of the village, being 



BTOORAPHICAL HISTORY. 



313 



foremost in all enterprises that are for the 
benefit of the town, especially patriotic 
measures. 

»--f*>«->— 



|OBERT STOGDILL, who has retired 
■| from active business pursuits, is one of 
La Crosse county's most substantial 
citizens, and since his residence here, which 
began in 1873, he has been identified with 
the most progressive elements of the com- 
munity. He was born in Westchester county, 
New York, June 21, 1817, the son of Henry 
and Cornelia (Ingersol) Stogdill, natives of 
Connecticut and New York respectively. 
The father was a shoemaker by occupation, 
and he served as a soldier in the war of 
1812-, he died January 10, 1871, at the age 
of seventy-six years. In his religious belief 
he was inclined to the Quaker faith. His 
wife died December 26, 1869, at the age of 
eighty-one years. They had a family of 
three children: Robert, the subject of this 
notice, is the oldest; William H., and Har- 
riet, who died at the age of five years. The 
paternal grandfather, Robert Stogdill, was a 
soldier in the Revolutionary war, and served 
through the seven years under General Mont- 
gomery, and later under General Putnam; 
his wife, Sarah Stogdill, drew a pension from 
the Government for a number of years; her 
death occurred at the age of eighty years. 
Their daughter, Sarah Rowell, who was born 
in 1800, is still living, in Connecticut; Mont- 
gomery, born in 1805, resides in Newark, 
New Jersey. 

Robert Stogdill, the subject of this notice, 
has been a resident of La Crosse since 1873, 
as before stated. He was united in marriage 
April 26, 1840, to Miss Mary Gibson, a 
daughter of John and Mary Gibson, natives 
of England. Mr. and Mrs. Gibson emi- 



grated to America in 1823, and settled in 
New York city; the former was a blacksmith 
by ti-ade. He died in 1838, at the age of fifty 
years. The wife passed away in 1832; her 
illness was cholera, and continued from 11 
A. M. to 7 p. M. They had a family of five 
children, two of whom survive, Mrs. Stogdill 
and a sister, Miss Sarah A. Gibson, who re- 
sides in Greeley, Colorado. Mr. and Mrs. 
S'ogdill have no children but an adopted 
daughter, Grace Bnrnham Fassett, a grand- 
niece of Mrs. Stogdill. 

At the early age of twelve years Mr. Stog- 
dill started out in life for himself, and soon 
evinced an aptitude for business operations 
which assured his success in the commercial 
world. He was first employed in a tobacco 
and cigar factory, and there acquired a full 
knowledge of the business. He went to New 
York city, where he worked at his trade, and 
subsequently carried on a prosperous busi- 
ness. Attracted by the healthful climate of 
La Crosse, he located here, and is regarded as 
one of the most estimable gentlemen. He is 
a member of the Masonic orde^r, and takes an 
interest in local politics, now serving as 
Supervisor of the Eighth Ward. 

fOHN HALVE RSON, a valued employe 
of the Mons Anderson Company, of La 
Cros.^e, was born in Norway, July 10, 
1825, a son of Halver and Pernilla Johnson. 
The father was a farmer by trade, and passed 
his life in his native land. The mother after- 
wards emifirrated to America in 1846, witli 

o 

her three daughters, Mary, Sarah and Jane, 
and her son Gilbert, and died at her daugh- 
ter's home in Vernon county, Wisconsin, at 
the advanced age of eighty-six years. Tliey 
had a family of six children, five of whom 
are living. 



314 



BIOGRAPHICAL BISTORT. 



John Ilalverson came tu America in 1848, 
landing in New York, July 5. In his own 
country he had learned the wagonmaker's 
trade, iive years as an apprentice, he to fnr- 
nisli his own clothes and washing, and had 
thoroughly mastered every detail of tlie busi- 
ness, and began at once to work in this line, 
excei)t only one week's rest with his mother 
and relatives in Dane county, Wisconsin. 
After his removal to Rock county he settled 
in Janesville, and there went into a wagon 
shop. He remained there until October, 
1851. Desiring to secure some land, he 
came to La Crosse county and selected a 
tract in Barre township, in May, 1851, and 
afterwards donated the land oti which Barre 
Mills is located. He erected a house on this 
land, to be occupied by his mother and 
brotlier. 

Having secured the land, he again turned 
ills attention to his trade, which he followed 
in La Crosse until 1854. Business became 
so dull at that time that he was obliged to 
al)andon his vocation and go to his farm. 
He sold his shop and the lot on which it 
stood to a Mr. Jenkins, of Bangor. From 
this time until 1860 he was absorbed in agri- 
cultural pursuits, and was succeeding well, 
when a misfortune in the shape of an injury 
to his back, from heavy lilting, overtook 
him. 

He disposed of his farm and secured a 
position with the Mons Anderson Company, 
entering their employ November 13, 1860. 
This relationship has been most satisfactory 
to all parties, and its long duration is evi- 
dence of the stanch fidelity of both employer 
and employe. 

While a resident of Barre township Mr. 
Halverson filled many of the local offices. 
He was Assessor two years. School Clerk for 
the same length of time. Treasurer of the 
township one year, and was a member of the 



Board of School Trustees. The county was 
then thinly settled, the houses in the town- 
ship not numbering above one dozen in May, 
1851, but increased considerably by fall. 

Mr. Halverson was married in Dane 
county, Wisconsin, March 25, 1852, to Miss 
Cornelia G. Hanson, a daughter of Kitl 
Hanson, now deceased. Her inoliier's maiden 
name was Dagne, and she is living, at the age 
of ninety years. Both Mr. and Mrs. Halver- 
son are members of the Norwegian Lutheran 
Church. Mr. Halverson is an ardent sup- 
porter of the principles of the Republican 
party, and is a loyal citizen of the country of 
his adoption. 

^^!^jRS. L. RENNER.— For quiet, com- 
fortable, home-like surroundintrs and 
superior bill of fare at moderate 
prices, the popular hotel, conducted by Mrs. 
L. Renner, is one of the best stopping places 
in La Crosse. Mrs. Renner is one of the 
pioneer settlers of this city, locating here in 
1861, and is the widow of Louis Renner, who 
was born in Bavaria, Germany, in 1832. 
Mr. Renner came to the United States in 
1845, remained in Waverly, Ohio, until 1851, 
when he came to La Crosse nnd engraged in 
the grocery business on Main street. He 
was married to Miss Julia Dirarael, who was 
of German descent, her parents having spent 
their entire lives in that country. Mr. Ren- 
ner remained on Main street nue year and 
then built a hotel on F^ront street vvliere he 
remained nine years. He then sold out and 
built the present Bark Hotel in 1882. This 
he conducted successfully until his death in 
1889, of enlargement of the heart. Lie was 
a man universally respected, and in his death 
the county lost one of its best men. He was 
a good husband and a kind and loving father. 



BlOORAPniGAL HISTORY. 



315 



His marriage resulted in the birth of five 
children: Emma, Ida, Anna, Julia and 
Minnie, all with the mother in the hotel. 
When Mr. Renner came to La Crosse he had 
very little capital, but he had the push and 
energy to accomplish what he undertook and 
succeed in making a home for himself and 
family. He was a United Workman, and in 
politics was a life-long Democrat. The fam- 
ily are members of the Lutheran Church. 
Mrs. Renner and daughters still continue the 
hotel business, and they are meeting with 
well deserved suci-ess. 

fEORGE ATKINSON is a real estate 
agent at 431 Main street, La Crosse, 
Wisconsin. He is reliable in all his 
dealings, prompt, honorable in carrying out 
his undertakings, and lie has deservedly se- 
cured the confidence and favor of the public. 
He was born in Somerset county, Maine, Oc- 
tober 14, 1831, but his father, Christopher At- 
kinson, was born in Fredericksburg, Virginia. 
He remained in the State of his birth until 
he was thirty years of age, then went to 
Maine and began following his trade of hat 
maker. He was a strong Abolitionist and 
voted the Democratic ticket until the nomi- 
nation of Fremont, when he and his nine 
sons cast their vote for the brave "path 
finder," and they have continued to affiliate 
with the party of which he was a member, 
ever since. He and his sons voted for 
Franklin Pierce for President, and while on 
a visit to a sister at Fredericksburg, Virginia, 
during Pierce's administration, he called on 
the President and informed him that he and 
his eight sons had voted for him, but did not 
divulge the fact that it was the last Demo- 
crat he should ever vote while slavery 
existed, but such proved to be the case. He 



came to Baraboo, Wisconsin, witii his family, 
in the fall of 1856, and in that town made 
his home until his death, which occurred in 
his ninety-eighth year, in 1872. His widow 
survived him until 1877, dying at the age of 
eighty-four years. They were members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church and reared 
a large family in that faith. Of fourteen 
children born to them all lived to njature 
years. At the age of eighteen years George 
Atkinson began the battle of life for himself, 
and for a number of years during the winter 
months he worked in the pineries of Maine. 
Upon first leaving the State of his birth he 
went to Massachusetts, but after a few 
months returned to Maine and in 1856 came 
West and settled in La Crosse. He purchased 
a farm near Baraboo soon after, on which he 
lived for twelve years, and in 1870 returned 
to this city and the same year was elected 
lumber inspector, which position he held 
during Governor Washburne's administra- 
tion. His next move was to West Salem, 
but after five years spent in tilling the soil 
he returned to La Crosse, which place has 
since been his home. He is now one of the 
popular business men of the city, and is held 
in high esteem by his numerous friends and 
patrons. He was one of the ''boys in blue," 
enlisting in Company M, First Heavy Wis- 
consin Artillery, in September, 1864, and 
his command relieved a regiment of heavy 
artillery at Alexandria, Virginia, a New 
York regiment. This command left for the 
front 2,200 strong, and returned with only 
eighty men. At the end of eighteen months 
Mr. Atkinson's regiment was mustered out 
of the service in June, 1865, and although 
his will was good his flesh was weak and he 
returned home much shattered in health and 
unable to do a full day's work. He weighed 
175 pounds on entering the service and 125 
pounds when he returned home. Wliile 



316 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



holding the poisition of Alderman of La 
Crosse, he resigned this office to ^o to West 
Salem, where he lived several years, closing 
his business there in 1879. He was married 
March 7, 1857, in Vermont, to Miss Amanda 
Withani, a native of Maine, whose father was 
from Hartford, Connecticct. He is now a 
resident of Concord, Maine, and is eighty- 
one years of age. He was formerly a farmer 
and sawmill operator. His wife was buried 
in 1881 at the age of seventy-five, at Port- 
land, Maine. Three of the nine children 
born to them are still living: Melissa Tlioinp- 
6on, who resides near Bismarck, Dakota; Olive 
Dickinson, of Boston, Massachu.-etts, and 
Mrs. Atkinson. Tlie latter has borne her hus- 
band three children: Frank, married to 
Emma Miner, and a resident of La Crosse, 
has betn engaged in fariring and is the 
owner of a fine farm in Minnesota, which is 
rented; he is the father of a little daughter, 
Geneva; Alice is the wife of C. W. Sprague, 
was married in April, 1891, and is a resident 
of Tacoma, Washington ; and Nettie, who is 
the wife of C. W. Isham, of La Crosse, by 
whom she has two promising children: 
Helen and Woodard. Mr. Atkinson is a 
member of the G. A. U., and his wife 
belongs to the Woman's Relief Corps. They 
are highly respected and worthy people, and 
have taken an active interest in that which 
pertains to the welfare of the county. 

— ~^'»*?-^»-*J^*'-*" 

fRANK E. NICHOLS, of the C. H. 
Nichols Lumber Company, was born in 
Madison, Wisconsin, August 10, 1845. 
His parents, C. M. (a native of New York) 
and Jane M. (Eilkins) Nichols, came to Madi- 
son at a very early <;ay, where the father em- 
barked in the mercantile business, which he 
followed until he came to La Crosse county 



in the fall of 1852. At that time Onalaska 
was as large as La (!!ros8e, and it was indeed 
thought that the former place would be the 
main city. Mr. Nichols opened a store there 
and started a mill at tiie same time, and was 
successful in running both. Haviri": been 
well educated and a school-teacher, he was 
here placed in charge of all the schools in the 
vicinity. He had also studied with a view 
of becoming a physician, but he afterward 
ascertained that his health would not permit 
of such exposure as that calling would entail, 
and he held various offices, and was a man of 
affairs, well and favorably known. 

The mill he sold out to his sons about 
187G; his store he had disposed of many 
years before, and during the remainder of his 
days he lived a retired life. He died in 1877, 
at the age of sixty-four years; his wife died 
just two years previously. They had seven 
children, four of whom died young: the other 
three are Frank E., our subject; Mrs. Fannie 
I'ooler, of Onalaska, and Fred, born April 5, 
1855, and died in 1885. By a former mar- 
riatre, however, Mr. Nichols had had four 
children: George and Charles, both deceased; 
Mary, wife of George Dresbach, both of 
whom also are deceased; and Jane, wife of 
Charles Conway, living at Dresbach, Minne- 
sota. 

Mr. Nichols, the subject of this sketch, 

began the lumber business at the age of six- 
teen years, and has followed it ever since, 
with signal success, although he has been 
burned out several times. At the age of 
twenty-one years he became a partner. The 
first lumberman of Onalaska was C. M. 
Nichols, and when Frank E. became a part- 
ner, with a one-third interest, the firm name 
became C. M. Nichols & Co.; when the father 
died the firm name was changed to C. U. 
Nicliols & Co. ; and a few years ago it was 
changed to a stock company, and the style 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



317 



(changed to tlie C. H. Nichols Lumber Com- 
pany; have been incorporated lor fonr years. 
This is the oldest lumber company on Black 
river, building the first mill in the>e parts. 

Their mill does the largest business of all 
in Onalaska, employing on an average a 
hundred men in summer and al)ont 125 in 
winter. They have about 100,000,000 feet 
of standing lumber, which will be work for 
the mill for the next eight years. The lum- 
ber business has made La Crosse, Onalaska 
and other points along the river. 

Mr. Nichols was married November 26, 
1874, to Miss Dora Green, daughter of J. H. 
and Louisa (Sinkhoif) Green, natives respect- 
ively of Norway and Germany. Tliey have 
live children, namely: Charles Mason, who 
died at the age of two years, in 1877; Dora 
Nell, Raymond Eugene, Frank, Plato and 
Reese Haskell. The family are members of 
the Episcopal Church at Onalaska. They 
built their house of worship and deeded it to 
the village. The father and his family are 
also members of the Episcopal Church. Mr. 
Frank E. Nichols and the other voters of the 
family take little interest in politics, but 
atKliate with the Democratic party. 



fAMES SYKES, an early settler and suc- 
cessful farmer of Farmington township, 
has been a resident of La Crosse county 
since 1849, and is entitled to a space in this 
record of Wisconsin pioneers. He is a native 
of England, born near Manchester, March 30, 
1821, a son" of James and Sarah (Shaw) 
Sykes, natives of the same country. Our 
subject spent his youth in service in a cotton 
factory. He was married February 27, 1841, 
to Miss Rebecca Broad bent, a playmate of 
his childhood and a daughter of Benjamin 
and Sarah Broadbent. Mrs. Sykes is one of 

22 



a family of twelve children. Her parents 
emigrated to the United States, and settled 
in Green county, Wisconsin. After coming 
to this country, Mr. Sykes spent some time 
in the East, and was a resident of Philadel- 
phia for eight years. When he came West 
he made the journey by water the greater 
portion of the way, and spent his lirst winter 
in Green county, Wisconsin. In 1849 he 
took up a Government claim in Farmington 
township, La Crosse county, and worked in 
the woods throush the first winter. Li the 
spring of 1850 his wife and four children 
came to the frontier, and for two years they 
lived on this claim. Mr. Sykes then sold 
out to John Kendrick and improved another 
farm, which he disposed of in 1857; he then 
settled on the land he now occupies. The 
winter of 1858-'59 he spent in the far West, 
as Kansas was then called, engaged in hunt- 
ing and trapping. 

During the civil war Mr. Sykes enlisted 
in the Eighth Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, 
Eagle Regiment, Company I, and served 
from September 22, 1861, for a period of 
two years; at the end of that time he was 
discharged on account of disability. 

Mr. Sykes has added to his fartn as his 
means have permitted, until now he owns 
400 acres, improved with every modern con- 
venience; his buildings are substantial; he 
has one of the best equipped sorghum mills 
in the county, and is surrounded with all the 
comforts of modern ingenuity. 

Our subject and wife are the parents of 
eight children, four of whom were born in 
Pennsylvania, and four in Wisconsin: Sarah 
F. is the wife of Chester Andrews, a farmer 
of Farmington township; William is a resi- 
dent farmer in the State of Washington; 
Martha A. wedded Alex. Burr, and resides 
in Minnesota; Rebecca C. became the wife 
of Alex. Clark, and died March 9, 1887; 



318 



BIOGliAPniCAL HISTORT. 



Jolin H. died in Washington, December 16, 
1889, leaving a widow and two cliildren; 
Eunice A. is the wife of Samuel Clark, who 
is engaged in farming in Nebraska; and 
James L. resides on the old homestead, mar- 
ried Stella, dangliter of L. Frank, by whom 
he has one daughter, Olive. 

Mr. Sykes is an ardent Republican, and 
has lield several of the townsliip offices. He 
is a member of Nelson Quiggle Post, No. 233, 
G. A. li. He and his wife belong to the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, of North Eend. 
They have seen many privations and hard- 
ships since coming to Wisconsin, but they 
have received a well-merited reward; Mrs. 
Sykes was strong and robust in her earlier 
days, and assisted her husband in every way 
possible; she raised potatoes, which she sold, 
and purciiased their first cow witli the pro- 
ceeds of the sale; she also worked witli iiiin 
in the woods, proving herself a most wortliy 
helpmeet. Tliey are of a kindly, hospitable 
disposition, and are among the most highly 
respected pioneers of the county. 



fOHN ANDERSON.— To this gentleman 
belongs the distinction of being the first 
Norwegian settler in La Crosse county, 
Wisconsin, he havinir located here in 1849. 
Mr. Anderson was born in Norway, January 
10, 1822, son of Andrew Johnson and Mary 
(Olson) Anderson. He attended school until 
he was si.xteen years of age, after which he 
learned the carpenter's trade and for some 
years worked at it. At the sige of twenty- 
eiiiht he was united im marriaore with Caro- 
line Olson, who was born and reared in Nor- 
way, daughter of Ole and Retsy Olson. 
Mrs. Anderson's parents came to this country 
in 1855, passed the retnainder of their lives 
in La Crosse county, and died here. 



In 1849 Mr. Anderson sailed from Cliris- 
tiania to New York, landing at the latter 
place after a voyage of eight weeks. From 
New York he went direct to Ruflalo, and 
from there came to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 
thence to La Crosse county, by ox team. 
This was before there were any railroads in 
Wisconsin. Mr. Anderson came alone to 
this country, and the following year was 
joined by his wife and liis parents. La 
Crosse at that time contained only a few 
houses, and a trading post kept by John Levy. 
Mr. Anderson's first home here was a log 
cabin, which subsequently gave way to his 
present resiuence, a frame house, 18 x 26 feet, 
with an addition 16 x 16 feet. He has a good 
barn, 30x50 feet. Other improvements on 
his farm are a modern windmill, cribs, fences, 
etc., and everything about the premises indi- 
cate tliritt and prosperity. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Anderson seven children 
were born. Of these four have passed away, 
viz.: Anton, who died at the age of twelve 
years; Clara, at eight years; Ottilia, at 
eighteen months; and Julia, at the age of 
thirty-two years. Julia was the wife of John 
E. Olson. She left a family of four chil- 
dren, namely: Clara, Anna, Jennieand Lottie. 
The three living children are as follows: 
Mary, wife of Andrew Ofstedahl, a Norwe- 
gian and a prominent man of La Crosse 
county, has seven children: Jnlien, Allida, 
Clara, Mathias, Arthur, Royna ami Lydia; 
Ellise, wife of John Olson, a merchant of 
Milton, North Dakota, has three children: 
Oscar, Clarence and Ruth; and Nettie, wife 
of Otto Krogrstad, a drugtjist of Grafton, 
North Dakota. They are the parents of two 
children: Lottie and Nora. 

During the many years of his residence 
here Mr. Anderson has been identified with 
the best interests of the county. He believes 
in theadvancem.ent of education, good morals 



BIOOBAPHWAL HISTORY. 



319 



and religion, and his influence has ever been 
exerted with the best elements of the com- 
munity in which he resides. 

Such is a brief review of one of the well- 
known early settlers of La Crosse county. 



AVID BROWN, a prominent and 
wealthy citizen of Farmington town- 
ship. La Crosse county, Wisconsin, flrst 
identified himself with the interests of this 
section of ihe country in 1856. 

Mr. Brown was born in Germany, April 
13, 1826, son of Christian and Katharine 
(Notter) Brown. His parents were born, 
reared, educated and married at Wittenberg, 
Germany. His father was an expert wheel- 
wright. He died on the sea, and had valuable 
tools that were lost. The mother came to 
America, and her death occurred at Oualaska, 
Wisconsin, in December, 1888. Ten chil- 
dren were given to them, of whom live are 
now living, namely: Katharine Spring, of 
Onalaska; David, John, a lumber merchant 
of Buffalo, New York; Fred, foreman of Is- 
land Mill at Onalaska; William, foreman of a 
mill at Hannibal, Missouri. 

David Brown received a fair education, 
attending school until he reached his four- 
teenth year. lie then learned the trade of 
millwright and made himself master of the 
business in all its details. In 1848 he bade 
adieu to his native land and came to America, 
first locating in Philadelphia. We next find 
him in New Jersey, where he worked one 
year at his trade. Later, he operated mills 
in the woods of Pennsylvania, and in 1856 he 
came to La Crosse county, Wisconsin. He 
built the first steam sawmill at Onalaska, 
having brought the machinery for it from 
Philadelphia. Onalaska at that time con- 
tained only about five or six houses. A year 



later Mr. Brown went to New Amsterdam, 
where he was in business for three years. 
He operated a mill and built a house there. 
From that place he went to Bostwick Valley, 
where he ran a flour mill two years. At the 
end of that time he traded his mill for the 
farm he now owns, which was then unim- 
proved. In 1883 he went to La Crosse, and 
in that city built a house and engaged in 
business. Soon afterward, however, he re- 
turned to the old homestead. Here he owns 
440 acres of fine land, well improved. His 
house is 18 x 30 feet, with an L, 16 x 24 feet, 
all a story and a half, and a kitchen, 14 x 14 
feet. He has two barns. One is 42 x 56 
feet in dimension, with stone basement, and 
the other is 18 x 24 feet. His granary is 18 
X 22 feet; crib, 18x24 feet; and shop, 12 x 
20 feet. He has a modern wind pump, and 
has the water piped across the road to a large 
tank. Indeed, everything on this farm is 
arranged with reference to convenience, and 
he has all the latest improved machinery for 
conducting agricultural pui-suits in the most 
approved manner, his machinery embracing 
everything from a hoe to a threshing-machine 
and being valued at $2,000. 

Mr. Brown was married, June 17, 1851, to 
Hortense Huber, who has shared his joys and 
sorrows for the past forty years, and who has 
done her part in bringing about their present 
prosperity. She was born in Austria, August 
15, 1832, daughter of Joseph and Theresa (Ab 
ner) Huber. The former died in Germany and 
the latter came to America, and departed this 
life in La Crosse, aged eighty-two. Mr. and 
Mrs. Brown have had eleven children, and all 
are still living save three. Their names are 
as follows: Ed. C., of Shelby township. La 
Crosse county; David, Jr., of Onalaska; 
Charles L. C, also of Onalaska; Lewis L., 
who has been a mail-carrier in La Crosse for 
six years; Leonard W., who lives on the old 



BIOORAPnWAL niSIORY. 



farm, was married July 23, 1889, to Agnes 
Ellens, of Minnesota, and has one child, 
Rosa Anna; and Henry, P'rank J. and Anna 
K. are at home. Those deceased are Minnie, 
their second child, who died at the age of 
fonr years; Mary, the tilth-born, died at the 
age of eleven years; and Johnny, the youngest, 
was ten years old when he died. 

The home farm is being alily conducted by 
the three youngest sons, who are enterprising 
and successful young men. 



"-€->^>' 



[HARLES M. SCIIAEFER, one of the 
leading contractors of La Crosse, was 
born in the city of Bonn, Germany, in 
1830. His father was a professor in the Uni- 
versity of Bonn, and there lie and the mother 
lived and died. Charles M. received his edu- 
cation in the common schools and in the Uni- 
versity. In 1848, during the Revolution, he 
left his native land and emigrated to the 
United States. He first settled in McHenry 
county, Illinois, Init remained there only 
three months; his next abiding place was 
Madison, Wisconsin, where he lived until 
1855, engaged in agricultural pursuits; he 
next moved to La Crosse, where he kept a 
boarding- liouse on State street, conducting 
this hostlery until 18G0. It was during this 
time that, moved by the German's true love 
of the art of music, he organized the first 
singing society in La Crosse. In I860 he 
moved to the town of Campbell and again 
took up farming. He was elected Clerk for 
five successive years. In 1865 he took the 
position of bookkeeper with the John Paul 
Lumber Company, continuing in that em- 
ploy until 1872. At that time an oppor- 
ttinity to go to Lansing, Iowa, as manager of 
a lumber office, presented itself, and he made 
that point his lieadquarters for four years. 



Having accumulated some capital and a rich 
fund of experience, he went into the business 
of contracting for slabs of the lumber mills 
and selling to the dealers. He is now de- 
voting his energies to contracting in La 
Crosse, and has met with gratifying success. 
Mr. Schaefer was married in 1852, at 
Madison, Wisconsin, to Miss Antoinette 
Koenig, a daughter of Lambert Koenig, a 
native of Germany, who lived and died in 
his beloved Fatherland. To Mr. Schaefer 
and wife were born five children, three of 
whom are living and all of whom are mar- 
ried and living near their father's home. 
Mrs. Antoinette Schaefer died in 1863, at 
the age of thirty-five vPat-s. Mr. Schaefer's 
second marriage occurred in 1865, when he 
was united to Miss Caroline Metcalf, daugh- 
ter of Gilbert and Almira Metcalf, natives of 
Vermont, but at the pi'esent time residents of 
Lawrence, Massachusetts. By this union live 
children were born: Charles, Henry, George, 
Florence, wife of Charles Smith, of La Crosse, 
and Ida. 

EV. FATHER WILLIAM WHITE, 

^^ the present pastor of St. Mary's Cath- 
olic Church, La Crosse, Wisconsin, w^as 
V)orn in Rutland county, Vermont. October 
9. 1850. and is a son of Owen and Elizabeth 
(McDonotigh) White. His parents were from 
Ireland, and on emigrating to the United 
States settled in Vermont, the possibilities of 
the western frontier not then being developed. 
In 1853, however, they came to Wisconsin 
and settled in Sauk county, near the little 
town of Sandusky. There were nine chil- 
dren in the family, only four of whom are 
now livintr. Two of the sons entered the 
priesthood, one of whom died in 1877. The 
latter was a graduate of Milton College, 



JBIOOBAPHIGAL HISTORY. 



■A'iX 



Wisconsin, and afterwards studied law. He 
was admitted to the bar in Milwaukee, Jndge 
Arthur McArthur presiding. He practiced 
there some time with flattering success. Be- 
lieving the ministry to be his calling, he 
abandoned his profession and all that it 
promised in the way of worldly advancement, 
to prepare himself for the priesthood. He 
entered St. Francis Setninary, and after 
taking a theological course of study there 
was ordained a priest in 1870. He was as- 
signed to Mansion Parish, where he labored 
indefatigably until God called him to his 
reward. 

The mother of this family, Mrs. Elizabeth 
McDonough White, was a relative of Com- 
modore McDonough, of Lake Champlain 
fame. 

Father White received his elem.entary edu- 
cation in the public schools of Sauk county, 
and at the age of si.xteen years engaged in 
teaching, devoting himself to this profession 
for four years. At the age of twenty-one 
years he entered the State University at 
Madison, Wisconsin, and was graduated from 
that institution in 1873. Soon after this he 
decided to tit himself to enter the priesthood, 
and went to Niagara Falls, New York, where 
he began a four years' course of study in 
philosophy and theology in the Seminary of 
Our Lady of Angels. These were years of 
close application and diligent and earnest 
study, the fitting end of which was his ordi- 
nation as priest, Bishop Ryan, of Buffalo, 
New York, officiating. 

The first parish of which he had charge 
was at Ettrick, Trempealeau county, Wis- 
consin. He entered upon his duties there in 
July, 1877, and remained there until Febru- 
ary 1, 1880. During his pastorate there he 
built a church, and regularly visited the out- 
raissions of Ti'empealeau and Koaring Creek. 
In February, 1880, he was sent to Hammond, 



St. Croix county, Wisconsin, where he also 
had the mission of Wilson, St. Croix county. 
At Hammond he had charge of the Church 
of the Immaculate Conception, which pros- 
pered and grew in numbers under his care. 
These parishes now number about 1,000 
souls. 

In January, 1892, he was appointed to 
succeed Bishop Schwebach at St. Mary's 
Church, La Crosse. This congregation is 
the original Catholic society of La Crosse, 
the first services being held by the Rev. 
Father Tappert, August 24, 1855, in the 
courthouse, which was opened to him as 
well as to all other clergymen. One year 
later St. Mary's Church was dedicated, occu- 
pying the site of the present edifice, which 
was begun in 1874. Rev. Father (now 
Bishop) Schwebach came to this congrega- 
tion in 1870, and after twenty years of faith- 
ful service was succeeded by Father White, 
giving into his charge a united, intelligent 
congregation of 800 souls. The people of 
the church will find in their new pastor not 
only a zealous churchman, but a citizen in- 
terested in public affairs, and well informed 
as to current events. He has brought with 
him a valuable experience gained in other 
fields of labor, and througn his efforts the 
church has much to hope, much to attain. 



^ 



^ 



iPHRAIM STEVENS has resided in La 
Crosse county since 1855, and is entitled 
to more than passing mention in this 
record of the leading citizens and pioneers. 
He was born in Wellesley, Massachusetts, 
November 16, 1828, and is a son of Timothy 
and Eliza (Stimson) Stevens; his father was 
also a native of Massachusetts and a soldier 
in the war of 1812; his paternal grandfather, 
Ephraim Stevens, was born at Holden, Mas- 



323 



BIOGRAPHICAL U I STORY. 



sachnsetts, and served in the war of the 
Kevolution. Tiinotliy Stevens and wife reared 
a family of six sons and six daughters; one 
son died at Andersonville while in the service 
of his country; tiie father was a farmer by 
ocenpation, and in politics was a " Jackson 
man." In liis reliiJioiis faith he adhered to 
the teachings of the Congrej^ational Church. 

Our subject was reared and educated in 
Massachusetts, and in 1854 he made a jour- 
ney to the frontier, coming by the great lakes 
to Chicago, and thence by rail to Galena, Il- 
linois, and by boat to La Crosse. His brother, 
A. J. Stevens, who was at one time associated 
with him in business, was a prominent citi- 
zen of tlie county; bodied in Minnesota in 
1880. After coming to the county in 1885, 
they opened a store in the old hotel at Min- 
doro, and soon after erected a store at that 
place, which they opened December 14. 
This was the first store between La Crosse 
and Black River Falls. After three or four 
years, Ephraim Stevens sold his interest in 
this enterprise, and engaged in farming and 
stock-raising. He now owns 160 acres of 
well improved land, a good house and barn, 
aTid is surrounded with many of the comforts 
of life. 

He was married in 1865 to Miss Ellen II. 
Brown, a native of Vermont and a daughter 
of Samuel and Betsey Brown of La Crosse 
county. Of this union two daughters were 
born: Nellie, who was just entering the pro- 
fession of teaching, died at the age of nineteen 
years; Carrie M. is the wife of Oliver N. 01- 
sen, and the mother of one son, Lynn Stevens 
Olsen. The wife of Mr. Stevens was called 
from this life August 3, 1884. She was a 
woman of excellent traits of cliaracter, a 
zealous w-orker in the Presbyterian Church, 
and a faithful wife and devoted mother. 

Politically Mr. Stevens affiliates with the 
Ivei)ublican party, and is one of the active 



workers in the township; his first vote was 
cast for Fremont in 1856. In the pioneer 
days of the country wdien game was plentiful, 
there was no hunter more successful than our 
worthy subject; he has brought down many a 
deer, and was familiar with every inch of the 
country for many miles. He is a man of 
broad, progressive views, and is one of the 
most popular and Idghly respected residents 
of Farmington township. 

— — —x- ^ - : ' ' i ' ^ 



S. McARTHUR, M. D., was born in 
Holland, Erie county. New York, Oc- 
"* tober 30, 1822, and is the son of Moses 
and Mary (Salisbury) McArthur. He is one 
of the American representatives of the Mc- 
Arthur clan, the eldest branch of the great 
clan Campbell, his grandfather John McAr- 
thur having come to America in 1772, from 
Glen Lyon, Perthshire, Scotland. His early 
life was passed upon his father's farm, and at 
the age of eighteen he entered the academy 
of Aurora, New York, where he studied three 
years. He then determined to enter the 
medical profession, and began his reading 
under the preceptorship of Dr. Paul, of 
Honeoye Falls, New York. He next at- 
tended three courses of lectures at Geneva, 
New York, where lie was under the instruc- 
tion of the celebrated Dr. Frank Hamilton, as 
well as other leaders in the profession. He 
then entered Buffalo Medical College, from 
which he was graduated in 1847. He practiced 
medicine at Holland, New York, for three 
years, and afterwards at Caledonia, New York, 
for several years, but at the end of that time 
the promise of the new West made him de- 
cide to remove to the frontier, and on October 
22, 1855, he arrived at La Crosse, which has 
since been his home. In 1861 he spent sev- 
eral months in New York city, studying at 



BIOGRAPHIGAL HISTORY. 



323 



the Long Island Hospital, and the Eye and 
Ear Intirinary. Iti 1866 he again spent 
several months there in study under the 
leading practitioners of that city. Few mem- 
bers of the profession in the West have had 
better opportunities for titling themselves for 
practice, and fevp have become more skillful. 
Dr. McArthur has a line professional library 
and constantly adds to it the standard pro 
fessional works, which are published from 
time to time. He is a close student of the 
science and keeps fully abreast with its prog- 
ress. Of late years his son. Dr. D. S. Mc- 
Arthur, has been associated witli him in 
practice. He was married January 1, 1852, 
to Miss Mary L. Dean, of Caledonia, New 
York. 



^l 



^ 



|ANIEL SEYMOUR Mc ARTHUR, phy- 
sician and surgeon. La Crosse, Wiscon^ 
sin, was born in this city March 28, 
1859, and is the son of Dr. P. S. and Mary 
(Dean) McArthur. He was educated in the 
public school of La Crosse, and graduated 
from its high school in 1887. In the fall 
of the same year he entered the University of 
Wisconsin, and in 1881 was graduated from 
that institution. He had early determined 
upon entering the medical profession, and 
having chosen his studies with that end in 
view, was well prepared at the close of his 
university course to begin his study of medi- 
cine. He entered the Rush Medical College 
at Chicago, and received the degree of M. D. 
in 1884, being valedictorian of his cla^ss. He 
then returned to La Crosse and began profes- 
sional work, being associated with his father. 
In 1888 he entered the Post Graduate Medi- 
cal College and Hospital in New York city, 
pursuing the general course, and also taking 
special instruction in diseases of the nose, 



throat and ear, giving particular attention to 
the methods of instruction in vogue in the 
various hospitals of the city. Dr. McArthur 
was married January 13, 1886, to Miss 
Eloise Johnson, a daughter of N. D. and 
Sarah (Streeter) Johnson. Her parents were 
natives of Massachusetts, their ancestors hav- 
ing settled there early in the seventeenth 
century. They have two children, Helen and 
Philip Seymour. The Doctor is a member of 
the American Medical Association, the Ninth 
International Medical Congress, the State 
Medical Society of Wisconsin, and the La 
Crosse County Medical Society. He has been 
secretary and treasurer of the County Society 
for several years. He is vice-president of 
the American ArchiElpgical Association, and 
takes great pleasure in the study. He is 
prominent in Masonic circles, being W. M. of 
Frontier Lodge, No. 45, F. & A. M., P. E. 
C. of La Crosse Commandery, No. 9, K. T., 
and Grand Junior Warden of the Grand Com- 
mandery of Wisconsin. He is also Past 
Chancellor of La Crosse Lodge, No. 27, 
Knights of Pythias. He has been visiting 
physician of St. Michael's Boys' Orphan Asy- 
lum since 1884. 



^ENRY P. MAG ILL, bank cashier.— 
The city of La Crosse, Wisconsin, is 
'^^i constantly enlarging the scope of her 
influence and the volume of her commerce 
and industries, and has need for additional 
capital and financial facilities, and this fact 
had for some time been apparent before the 
establishment of the Exchange Bank of North 
La Crosse, in the early part of the 80s. 
Established as private bank in 1884, by H. 
P. Magill, in 1889 it was incorporated as a 
State bank, with J. E. Wheeler as president 
and Henry P. Magill as cashier, and has 



334 



BIOGRAPHICAL U I STORY. 



been in successful operation ever since. H. 
P. Ma<rill is a nieml>er of the well-known 
firm of H. P. Magill ifc Burke, investment 
bankers and insurance agents, and obtained 
his knowledge of the banking business in the 
Security liank, of Minneapolis, Minnesota, 
which instiuition he entered in 1883. lie 
was born in Clark county, Ohio, but received 
his initiatory training in the public sciiools 
of La Crosse, and upon attaining a suitable 
age began the study of telegraphy, in the 
pursuit of which calling he spent several 
years in the cities of La Oosse, Mihvaukee, 
Chicago and Cincinnati. Subsequently he 
drifted into railroad contracting, which he 
followed as a business until he took up 
banking. The bank of which he is cashier 
has a capital stock of $25,000, and since its 
inception its business has been carried on 
under the most favorable auspices, and has 
had the cordial indorsement of leading tirins 
and corporations tiiat have opened accounts 
with it. Under the sound and conservative 
inanagen)ent of the president and directors 
the bank is prepared to extend every facility 
consistent with legitimate banking to its cus- 
tomers. The directors are: J. E. Wheeler, 
Mayor Copeland, C. P. Crosby, Henry P. 
Magill and N. B. Hohvay. As a member 
of the firm of Magill & Burke, Mr. Magill is 
engaged in loaning money on real estate, 
mortgages, lionils and local securities, and 
also does the largest fire-insurance business 
in the city, and by the display of faithful 
and conscientious zeal for the Ijest interests 
of his customers, he has secured a clientage 
of no ordinary character. In South La 
Crosse their business requires the constant 
attention of four clerks, and in their bank on 
the corner of Rublee and George streets, in 
North La Crosse, employment is given to 
three clerks. Mr. Magill has been deservedly 
successful in the different enterprises in 



which he has been engaged, and, as he has 
carved out his own career, much credit is due 
him for the admirable way in which lie has 
bent the force of circumstances to his will. 
He was united in marriage, October 21, 1878, 
to Miss Carrie ifoore, daughter of William 
R. Moore, of Danville, Kentucky. Mrs. 
Magill is a highly cultured and refined lady, 
and as she is the possessor of a fine contralto 
voice she is a member of one of the finest 
quartette choirs of the city, which furnishes 
the Methodist Episcopal Ciiurch with music. 
Mr. and Mrs. Magill are members in good 
standing of this church, and move in the 
highest social circles of La Crosse. Mr. 
Magill is especially well and favorably known 
in business circles, and his honor has never 
been questioned. He comes of a fine family 
and his father (of whom mention is made on 
another page of this work) Rev. Henry T. 
Magill, was an esteemed Methodist divine. 



IIIEV. HENRY T. MAGILL, deceased, 
of La Crosse, Wisconsin, who was an 
esteemed divine of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, and a man of marked purity of 
character, was born in Saint Clairsville, Bel- 
mont county, Ohio, on the 16th of February, 
1881. His parents were of Scotch-Irish 
origin, and the father, Ciiarles Magill, was a 
local minister of the Methodist Church. 
They moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1842, 
and there both received their titial summons. 
Rev. Henry T. Magill was educated at 
Woodward College, graduating in the class 
of 1850, and soon after entered the ministry 
in tlie Ohio conference, filling \arious ap- 
pointments in the same, notably in Zanes- 
ville and Portsmouth districts. He came to 
La Crosse in the fall of 1860, being transfer- 
red on account of his health, and filled the 






^, 



^ /^-^i.^^ (P. -P^a^A^^ 



BIOGRAPHICAL HI8I0RT. 



325 



Methodist Episcopal pulpit in the Fourth 
Street Church for two years, the limit of 
time allowed by the church at that day. He 
was then appointed by the conference to the 
Eau Claire pulpit. He was in very poor 
health at that time and his physician forbade 
his going, but being enthusiastic in liis life- 
work he l)egan preparing to move. Wliile 
thus engaged he was taken with hemorrhage 
of the lungs, and was obliged to give up his 
ministerial duties for a time. Instead he 
went to Mindoro and engaged in merchandis- 
ing, which he carried on successfully. Three 
and a half years later his death occurred, 
May 29, 1866. "The good old Ohio confer- 
ence had few young men more noble and 
gifted than Henry Taylor Magill," writts a 
friend who had known him for years. He 
was a man of strong and vigorous mind, was 
well beloved by all iiis acquaintances, and ex- 
erted a great influence over those with whom 
he associated. 

He was married on the 18th of July, 1861, 
to Miss Abbie S. Beutley, daughter of Edwin 
S. and JM. M. Bentley. Mrs. Magill is a lady 
of culture and refinement and was a pupil in 
the seminary at Charlotteville, New York. 
She was a teacher for one year at Carlisle 
Seminary, New York State. They had five 
cliildren. Mrs. Magill is still living, and is 
an honored and respected resident of La 
Crosse city. 

^ISHOP KILLIAN CASPER FLASCH, 
deceased, was born at Retzstadt, Bavaria, 
July 9, 1831, and in 1847 came to 
America with liis father, Andi-eas Flnsch, 
who settled at Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, as 
one of the pioneers of the Badger State. He 
served as Justice of the Peace in Fond du Lac 
county for many years, and died there in 1869, 



a gentleman highly esteemed for his integrity 
of character. One son and three daughters 
were left to mourn his loss. The daughters 
entered the Notre Dame Convent at South 
Bend, Indiana, as nuns. The son, the sub- 
ject of this sketch, decided to devote his life 
to the churcli, and became a student at Notre 
Dame University. From there he entered 
St. Francis Seminary at Milwaukee, and 
graduated. He was ordained priest Decem- 
ber 16, 1859, and assigned to mission work, 
where he Avas ever active and worthy. In 
November, 1869, he returned to St. Francis 
Seminary and accepted a professorship, which 
place he tilled until failing health compelled 
his retirement. 

After a brief rest lie was assigned to active 
duty in the ministry and took charge of St. 
Mary's congregation at Elm Grove, Wiscon- 
sin, remaining there till 1875, when he again 
returned to the seminary, to fill the chair of 
theology. In 1879 he was appointed rector 
of the institution, and remained there until 
1881. August 24, that year, he was conse- 
crated Bishop of La Crosse, of which city he 
was an honored resident until his death. 

Bishop Flasch was never a robust man. 
In 1867 he had an attack of typhoid fever, 
which came very near proving fatal. His 
strong will brought him through the fever, 
and supported him through many trials. In 
May, 1891, while on a visit to New Orleans 
for the good of his health, he was taken sud- 
denly worse and never recovered. Rev. 
Father Kilian Beyer, of La Crosse went to 
Chatawa, Mississippi, and brought the sick 
prelate North. On reaching Milwaukee they 
were obliged to remain tliere several days; 
they finally reached home, however, which 
had been the great desire of the sick man 
from the time of his sudden attack. The 
struggle with death then began in earnest, 



•626 



BIOORAFHIUAL HI8T0BY. 



and terminated at 6:15 a. m., August 3, 
1891. 

Bishop Flasch was noted for his kindness 
of heart and his religious fervor. His acts 
of charity were numerous, and he was greatly 
beloved by all his church, while his exemplary 
life and great wortii won respect and admir- 
ation even from people of other creeds than 
liis own. Many of the charitable and benev- 
olent institutions which adorn and bless the 
city of La Crosse are a direct outgrowth of 
Bisliop Flasch's innate desire to " do good to 
all mankind." 

During his illness he was attended by his 
two sisters, who now live in the convent at 
Milwaukee, — Sister Killiaua and Sister Lau- 
rentia. It was most fitting that he should 
pass away in his chosen home surrounded by 
his dearest friends, in the city where he had 
accomplished his greatest work as a church- 
man and won a distinction accorded to but 
few. He was conscious to the last, his latest 
andil)le words being a whispered prayer 
coupled with tlie name of Jesus. Those 
present at his deathbed were Very Rev. 
Father James Schwebach, now administrator 
of the Diocese of La Crosse; Rev. Kilian 
G. Beyer, nephew of the Bishop; Very Rev. 
Father Vander Sanden, of St. Louis; Rev. 
Father Joseph B. Wiedmann, of St. Joseph's 
Cathedral, La Crosse; Rev. James Nevin, of 
St. Mary's Church; the two sisters of the 
Bishop and several other Franciscan sisters 
from St. Francis Hospital, La Crosse. 

The funeral of the lamented Bishop was 
one of the most imposing events in the his- 
tory of La Crosse. Archbishop Katzer and 
other notable leaders of the church were 
present. The body was consigned to its 
final resting place August 11. It is authori- 
tatively stated that 175 priests were present 
from ahnjud. The procession was headed I)y 
seven anchorites, followed in order by 109 



priests dressed in their church vestments; 
Archbishop Katzer, of Milwaukee; Arch- 
bishop Ireland, of St. Paul; Bishop Zardette, 
of St. Cloud, Minnesota; Bishop Cotter, of 
Winona, same State; Bishop Scanlan, of 
Omaha; Mon8igi)eurZeininger,of Milwaukee; 
and Very Rev. Father James Schwebach. 

At the church the e.xercises were conducted 
by Archbishop Katzer, beginning with a 
recitation of the '• Offices of the Dead," and 
participated in Uy all the churchmen. The 
service was very impressive. A guard of 
honor, composed of Division No. 1, Ancient 
Order of Hibernians, stood near the casket, 
while the officiating priestschanted the funeral 
service. Tippman's orchestra assisted in the 
rendition of appropriate music. The services 
were attended by about 3,000 people, while 
other thousands were unable to obtain even 
standing room within the church, but waited 
patiently without, equally manifesting their 
interest in the sad rites. Archbishop Katzer 
officiated at the solemn requiem mass, assisted 
by Mousigneur Zeiiiinger, Rector Reinor, of 
St. Francis, and Dr. Moes, of Ohio. This 
very impressive ceremony closed, Bishop 
Cotter, of Winona, delivered an eloquent and 
feeling sermon, in English, and with a strong 
voice which reached every corner of the vast 
auditorium. The discourse, a glowing trib- 
ute to the memory of the deceased, touched 
upon the uncertainty of earthly existence, 
the promises of life hereafter and the life of 
the de()arte<l prelate. Father Abbelen, of 
Milwaukee, followed with a sermon in the 
German language, including in his address 
feeling references to his early acquaintance 
with the deceased bishop, briefly tracing the 
career of his old-time friend fiom 1866 to the 
day of his death, and pathetically referring to 
his exceptionally devout and Christian spirit 
and his modesty in shrinking from public 
honors. He preferred, he said, to be known 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



337 



simply as " Father Flasch," and when the 
recognition of iiis superior ability forced his 
advancement first to a professorship, then a 
rectorate and finally the episcopacy, he bore 
his honors in a true Christian spirit. 

The procession to the grave was headed 
by Tippman's military band, followed by 
the uniformed Bohemian Knights, Catholic 
Knights, the Hibernians, St. Joseph's So- 
ciety, the Society of St. Boniface, and dele- 
gations from other Catholic societies of the 
city. The procession was one of the largest 
ever seen in La Crosse, and the good Bishop 
Flasch was laid to rest in a most befitting 
manner. 



^ 



^ 




j;. EMERSON, one of the most faith- 
ful and efficient employes of the Chi- 
cago, Burlington & Northern Kail- 
road Company, was born at New Comerstown, 
Ohio, in 1858, a son of Cabel T. and Louisa 
A. (LVeeman) Emerson. The father was a 
professor in an Ohio college, but his latter 
years were spent in the ministry of the Bap- 
tist denomination in Ohio, Illinois and Min- 
nesota. He died August 9, 1881; the mother 
is still living, and resides at Tacoraa, Wash- 
ington. O. B. Emerson obtained his educa- 
tion at Austin, Minnesota, attending school 
until he was seventeen years of age; he 
remained there until 1878, when he went to 
the Black Hills; there he engaged in driving 
a team, his route being from the Black Hills 
to Bismarck, Dakota. Li the meantime his 
parents had removed to Moorhead, Minne- 
sota, and in the spring following his residence 
in Dakota he too went to Moorhead, and ob- 
tained a position in a hardware store, where 
he was employed two years. He then took a 
position in the Great Northern freight office 
at liarnesville, Minnesota, and after one 



year's service there he entered the employ of 
the Northern Pacific Railroad Company as a 
brakeman, and finally became baggagemas- 
ter. He was next engaged on the river 
division of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. 
Paul Railroad, and at the end of two years 
he accepted a position with the Chicago, Bur- 
lington & Northern Railroad Company, and 
for the past four years has been in their 
service. He is one of the most reliable con- 
ductors on this road, and is highly esteemed 
by the officials of the road. 

Mr. Emerson was married November 15, 
1887, to Miss Louisa Miller, daughter of 
A. S. and Mary Miller, of Minneapolis, Min- 
nesota. Mr. Miller is the manager of a 
large carriage-painting establishment of that 
city. In his political opinions Mr. Emerson 
is identified with the Republican party. 



AMUEL YOUNG, freight and passen- 
ger conductor on the Chicago, Burling- 
ton & Northern Railroad, was born in 
Galena, Jo Daviess county, Illinois, January 
10, 1856. His parents, William and Eliza- 
beth (Adams) Young, were natives of the 
Keystone State, and the father was a collector 
for steamboats, the old "Northern Line 
Packet Company," also the '• White Collar 
Line," both extending from St. Louis to St. 
Paul. His death occurred July 5, 1874, 
when fifty-four years of age. He was an 
honorable and useful citizen, and was highly 
esteemed in all the walks of life. His wife, 
who had heart trouble, died about three 
hours after her husband's death, when but 
forty-four years of age. She possessed many 
virtues and was a loving wife and mother. 
Samuel Young, the fourth in a family of 
seven children, five sons and two daughters, 
all of whom are now living, began working 



328 



BIOanAPlIlCAL HISTORY. 



for himself as braketnaii on the St. Louis, 
Kansas City «& Northern Railroad. From 
1875 to 1879 he was brakeiuau and train 
baggageman on the same road, and after this 
he went to the Wabash between Danville, 
Illinois, and Quincy of that State, as brake- 
man for one year. He was then conductor 
on tlie Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Kail- 
road for five years, after which he came to 
Savanna, Illinois, in 188G, when the Chicago, 
Burlington & Nortiiern Railroad was build- 
ing, and has been on the same road ever 
since, serving in his present capacity. 

He was married February 18, 1880, to 
Miss Lucy Tindall, who was third in order of 
birth of four children born to Georire W. and 
Mary Tindall, honored and highly respected 
citizens of Upper Alton, Illinois. The father 
is a fruit-grower and dealer of his town. 
Their children (Mrs. Young's sisters) are 
named as follows: Sarah, a dressmaker of 
St. Louis; Maria, at home; and Alice, who 
resides in St. Louis. Mr. and Mrs. Young's 
union has been blessed by the birth of two 
bright children: Mary and Geoige, both 
pupils of the public schools. Mr. Young is 
a member of the O. R. C, and as a citizen, 
business man and neighlior, stands high in 
the community. He generally votes with 
the Democratic party, but is not active in 
politics. Mrs. Young is a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. 

^^-^^ 



f BURNETT, one of the pioneers of La 
Crosse, and a man closely identified 
' with the building interests of this sec- 
tion, is a native of the State of New York, 
born in Cattaraugus county, January 27, 
1828. His parents, Davis and Elizabeth 
(Runnels) I'urnett, were both New England 
people and of English extraction. During 



the childhood of our subject they removed to 
Crawford county, Pennsylvania, where they 
passed the remainder of their days. Young 
Burnett resided at home until he was eighteen 
years of age, and then went to Licking county, 
Ohio, where he learned the trade of a carpen- 
ter and joiner. He followed this vocation 
for three years, when he became interested 
in the millwrigiit's trade, which he followed 
until 1851. In that year he went to Indiana 
and again took up the carpenter's trade, 
erecting during the summer a large seminary 
building. In the autumn of 1851 he came 
to Wisconsin, locating at La Crosse, the busi- 
ness portion of which was made up of two 
stores and a hotel. 

Mr. Burnett was married in Bucyrus, Ohio, 
iu May, 1849, to Miss Eliza Benham. Mrs. 
Burnett's home at that time was in Newark, 
Ohio; she is a native of Cliittenden county, 
Vermont, and is a daughter of Philander and 
Relief (Umphrey) Benham, natives of Rhode 
Island and of English lineage. Their ances- 
try dates back many generations in this 
country, members of the family being soldiers 
ot the war of 1812 and of the Revolution. 

After Mr. Burnett came to La Crosse he 
combined his two trades, and has assisted in 
the erection of many of the large buildings, 
mills and bridges in this part of the country. 
He has been employed in the erection of 
mills over the States of Wisconsin and Min- 
nesota. These two occupations he has made 
his life's work, and his labors have been 
crowned with success. For five years he 
gave some attention to the lumber business; 
this was during the Rebellion, and he was at 
that time located in Minnesota. In addition 
to the many houses he has erected by con- 
tract, he has built a number on his own ac- 
count, and now occupies a large brick block 
at 402 South Third street. Politically he 
affiliates with the Republican party, and has 



BIOGBAPBWAL HISTORY. 



339 



been a member of the Board of Supervisors. 
Mr. and Mrs. Burnett are the parents of 
one child, Lovej Relief, wife of John Scriver, 
of La Crosse. The family are connected 
with the Baptist Church. 



^EV. A. K. SAGEN, pastor of the Nor- 
% wegian Lutheran Church, of La Crosse, 
Wisconsin, was born in Dane county, 
Wisconsin, February 11, 1851, and is a son 
of K. K. and Mary (Burthe) Sagen. The 
father was a native of Boe, Norway, and the 
mother of Lunde, in the same country. They 
emigrated to America in 1845, and located 
in Dane county, Wisconsin, where they re- 
bided six years; at the end of that time they 
reiiio\ed to Ridgeway, Iowa county, Wis- 
consin, where tlie father died in 1861. The 
mother then went to Worth county, Iowa, 
and was living with her son at the time of 
her death in 1878. 

OF the family of nine children Mr. Sagen 
was the liftli-born; his eldest bi-other, K. K. 
Sao-en, Jr., is now Clerk of the District 
Courts in Worth county, Iowa. In 1869 he 
entered the Lutheran College at Decorah, 
Iowa, and was graduated in the class of 1874. 
He then went to St. Louis and spent one 
year at Concordia Seminary. Being depend- 
ent upon his own resources, he was obliged 
to leave school for two years, during which 
time he was employed in teaching school in 
Fillmore county, Minnesota, and in the paro- 
chial school at Decorah, Iowa. Having saved 
a portion of his earnings, he again entered 
Concordia Seminary in 1877, and was grad- 
uated in 1879. He was ordained a minister 
of the Lutheran Church in 1879 by Bishop 
V. Koren, and took charge of the congrega- 
tions in Norman and Polk counties, Minne- 
sota. He remained with this work five years. 



and was then called as assistant pastor to the 
Rev. V. Koren, near Decorah, Iowa, filling 
the appointments at Ossian, Calmar and Sta- 
vanger for a period of four years. In Au- 
gust, 1888, he became pastor of the Nor- 
wegian Lutheran Church at La Crosse, under 
the Norwegian Lutheran Synod. 

Mr. Sagen was united in marriage Decem- 
ber 13, 1875, to Miss C. A. Hegg, of Deco- 
rah, Iowa. She was born at Washington 
Prairie, Winneshiek county, Iowa, December 
16, 1855. No children have been born to 
them, but they have adopted Olga Caroline 
Andrea, who was born February 13, 1888. 

Tiie cliurch over wliich Mr. Sagen presides 
is composed of about 100 families. He 
addresses the congregation in their native 
tongue (that is the Norwegian), excepting 
every fourth Sabbath evening, when the ser- 
mon is delivered in English. During the 
summer months, when the public schools are 
closed, a parochial school is conducted in the 
church, when the Norwegian language is 
taught. This congregation is the largest and 
most prosperous one in the city, made up of 
Norwegians. Their church building is two 
stories high, and is situated on tiie corner of 
Sixth and Division streets. A Sabbath- 
sciiool, numbering 200 children, is conducted 
in the basement. The Ladies' Aid Society is 
one of tlie most zealous organizations of the 
church. 



4^ 



^ 



HARLES R. THORP, is a member of 
one of the most patriotic families of 
Wisconsin, and is a well-known citizen 
of Farmington township. La Crosse county, 
residing near Burr Oak. 

Mr. Thorp was born in Rock Island, Illi- 
nois, February 27, 1851, a son of David and 
Anna (Ilurlburt) Thorp. His father was 



330 



BIOORAPUICAL HISTORY. 



born nearOgdensbnrgh, St. Lawrence county. 
New York, and his grandfather, William 
Thorp, was a native of New Jersey. His 
maternal grandfather was Dr. Jonathan Hurl- 
hurt, a prominent and successful physician, 
and his grandmother Hurlburt was before 
her marriage a Miss Eaker. David Thorp 
and Anna Hurlburt were married in Ohio; 
moved from there to Michigan and located 
near Paw Paw; thence to a place near Green 
Oak, Indiana; next to Rock Island county, 
Illinois; and several years later, in 18G0, 
came to La Crosse county and settled on the 
land where Charles R. now lives. They had 
ten children. One died in infancy and the 
others grew to adult age. Only three, how- 
ever, are now living: Charles R. and his two 
sisters, — Jane S. Reynolds, of Buffalo, Iowa, 
and Aurilly L. Benedict, who live on the old 
home place. Four of the sons served in the 
Union army; William H., a member of Com- 
pany F, Twenty-tifth Wisconsin Infantry, 
died at Snyders' Bluft', of disease contracted 
in tl\e service; Lewis F., a member of the 
same regiment and company, while on the 
Mississippi River between Little Rock and 
Helena, Arkansas, fell from the boat and was 
drowned in the river; John W., a member of 
the Eighth Infantry, Coinjjany I, Eagle Regi- 
ment, was killed at the battle of Corinth; and 
Simeon B., a member of the Seventh Kansas 
Cavalry, known as " Jayhawkers," made a 
brilliant record in the army, and died after a 
service of two years. Another brother was 
killed by " Bushwhackers," in Arkansas, 
about the time the war began, being shot 
through the left arm and side. William II. 
was with him at the time, but made his es- 
cape to the North. Tiie father of this family 
was a carpenter and chairmaker by trade. He 
was once a Whig, but later a Republican. In 
religion he was a member of the Methodist 



Church. Both parents were highly esteemed 
and respected by all w^ho knew them. 

Charles R. Thorp was nine years of age 
when they moved to La Crosse county. Here 
he grew up and received iiis education. In 
1S77 he went to Colfax county, Nebraska, 
and the following year to Buena Vista county, 
Iowa, where he remained four years engaged 
in farming. He then returned to this county 
ar.d has since resided here. 

At the age of twenty-two years, Mr. Thorp 
was united in marriage with Mary W. Isbell, 
who was born at Elizabeth, in Jo Daviess 
county, Illinois, daughter of W. H. Isbell and 
Emily F. (Endicott), his wife. She was reared 
and educated in her native county. Her 
fatlier came to La Crosse county in 1872. 
Mr. and Mrs. Thorp have eight children, 
viz.: Boon A., John W., Roy F., George W., 
Edith E., Charley E., Mary E. and Florence 
O. Mr. Thorp owns an eighty-acre farm and 
is comfortably situated. In politics he is 
Republican. 

■ ... .. ^ . : it ; ' gi" " 



fOIIN KENRICK is one of the old set- 
tlers atid a highly respected citizen of 
La Crosse county. He was born in North- 
amptonshire, England, August 4, 1813, and 
is a son of Buxton and Hannah (Ross) Ken- 
rick. His father was an English gentleman, 
and he was reared and educated according to 
the standard of that station. At the age of 
sixteen years he sailed to the East Indies, aiid 
for several jnontiis he was in Calcutta. In 
1834 he emigrated to America, and settled 
in Essex county. New York, on the border of 
Lake Champlain; there he lived for ten years, 
and in 1844 pushed out to the frontier, set- 
tling in Walworth county, Wisconsin; this 
he made his home until 1853, when he came 
to Farmington township; previous to this. 



BIOOBAPHIGAL HISTORY. 



331 



however, he had lived for a short time in 

Hock county, where he had followed farming. 

He boiiffht a tract of land in Farininarton town- 
ee ^ 

ship, which he improved and where he resided 
until 1891, disposing of the property at that 
time and going to Mindoro, where he owns 
one of the nicest of homes. 

Mr. Kenrick has been twice married ; at the 
age of twenty-five years he was united to 
Miss Clara Coman, in Essex county, New 
York. Two children were born to them: 
Henry, a re^ident of Farmington township, 
and Antoinette, wife of Josiah L. Pettingill, 
of La Crosse. The mother died in 1843. It 
was in February, 1866, that Mr. Kenrick was 
married to Mrs. Mary L. Post, widow of 
Joseph T. Post; by her former marriage she 
is the mother of four children: Calista, wife 
of William Atwater and mother of three 
children; Sheldon S., of La Crosse; Marcus 
and Ogilvie, who also reside in La Crosse. 
Joseph T. Post died April 27, 1863, aged 
forty-eight years; he was a native of Madison 
county. New York. Mrs. Kenrick's maiden 
name was Leet, she was born August 28, 
1819, and is a daughter of John Sheldon and 
and Caroline (Stimson) Leet, natives of Con- 
necticut and Massachusetts respectively. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Kenrick are members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which he 
has been steward for many years. In his 
political convictions lie adheres to the princi- 
ples of the Republican party. He is a man 
of great integrity of character, and is worthy 
of the place lie occupies in the community. 



*°^" gi ' S " I ' ,^" -^ 

lANIEL SHANE, of section 15, Burns 
township, was born in Columbia county, 
Pennsylvania, November 29, 1830, a 
son of George and Mary (Giger) Shane, both 
also natives of Pennsylvania. The father 



was a son of George Shane, a native of Lan- 
caster county, Pennsylvania, and a soldier in 
the Revolutionary war, being a driver of an 
ambulance waeon. He was a tailor bv trade, 
was the owner of saw and flouring mills, and 
also owned and operated several large farms. 
Our subject's parents had six children, four 
of whom still survive, viz.: Daniel, our sub- 
ject; William of Burns township; Tiiomas 
of Buffalo county, Wisconsin, and Mary, the 
wife of Orlando Brown, also of Buffalo county, 
Wisconsin. One daughter, Rebecca, died in 
Pennsylvania in 1854, at about the age of 
twenty years. 

The subject of this sketch learned the car- 
riagemaker's trade in Pennsylvania, at which 
he worked for seven years, atid during two 
years of that time he was employed by Dun- 
lap & Co., of Philadelphia. He came West 
in the fall of 1855 and purchased 200 acres 
of land where he now lives, on which he set- 
tled in May, 1856, and to which he has since 
added until he now owns 320 acres. He is 
one of the priucipal stockholders and incor- 
porators of the Burns Cheese Manufacturing 
Association, of which he is the business 
manager. The Victory was built in 1874 by 
Joseph Hauton, who operated it two years 
and then sold to the present incorporated 
company. 

Mr. Shane was married March 24, 1857, to 
Anna M. Melick, a nativeof Columbia county, 
Pennsylvania, and daughter of Peter Melick, 
now deceased. They have nine children, 
namely: Forest D., a resident of Hamilton 
township, married Cora Vanwaters; Rebecca, 
the wife of William Bradley of West Salem; 
Orpha J., the wife of Eugene W. Richards, 
of West Salem; Ulysses G. married ElBe 
Sibley, and lives near Aberdeen, South Da- 
kota; Mary, the wife of Frank Bowles, of 
Hamilton township; George, of West Salem; 
Bertha, Robert and Clyde, at home. Mr. 



332 



BiOGRAPaiCAL HISTORY. 



Shane lias held the office of Justice of tlie 
Peace and Town Chairman several years. 
His wife and several children are members of 
the Methodist Church, and he also gives lib- 
erally to the support of the gospel. Politic- 
ally he affiliates with the Republican party. 



-^■^^yzn/l- 



'^/l/m^^ 



>,IKAM P. LAN PH ERE, the villasre 
blacksmith of Mindoro, Wisconsin, is 
one of the early settlers of La Crosse 
county, and a veteran of the late war. 

He was born in Potter county, Pennsyl- 
vania, October 18, 1842, son of Maxson and 
Eunice (Parinenter) Lanphere, natives of 
Rhode Island. The Lanpheres traced their 
ancestry back to the English. Grandfather 
Jonathan Parmenter was a son of a Revolu- 
tionary soldier who lived to be 103 years 
old. Maxson Lanphere and his family came 
to La Crosse county in 1853 and settled in 
Burns Valley. The mother departed this 
life in 1886, aged eighty-two years. The 
father is still living and resides at Shamrock, 
Jackson county, Wisconsin, lieing now in his 
eighty-seventh year. They had a family of 
ten children, all of whom arrived at adult 
age. viz.: David. Harriette, Lovina, Lncinda, 
Amy, Maxson, Eunice, Margaret, Hiram and 
Martha. Hiram was a lad of twelve years 
when they came to this country, and here he 
grew up and was educated. In August, 1864, 
he enlisted his services for the protection of 
the Union, becoming a member of Company 
E, Third Wisconsin Cavalry. He was hon- 
orably discharged June 19, 1865, at Benton 
liurracks, Missouri. During the most of his 
service he was in Missouri and Arkansas. 
Returning to Burns Valley he remained there 
some time, and in 1872 went to Modena, 
Buffalo county, where he was enoraaed in 
work at the blacksmith trade until 1879. 



That year he returned to La Crosse county 
and located at Mindoro. Being an expert 
workman he has all he can do, and from 
morning till night the ring of his hammer is 
heard. 

In October, 1868, Mr. Lanphei'e wedded 
Olive Draper, who was born in New Hamp- 
shire. Her father, John Draper, was among 
the early settlers of Burns Valley, and served 
during the late war as a member of the Third 
Minnesota Infantry. In this county she 
grew up and received her education. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Lanphere have been born six 
children, viz.: Minnie, wife of John Dorcas 
of Burns Valley; Nellie, Carrie, Melvin, 
Alice and Vernie. 

Mr. Lanphere is an enthusiastic Republi- 
can and a charter member of Nelson Quygle 
Post, No. 233, G. A. R. He has served in 
various offices in the post. Is also a member 
of the Modern Woodmen. He is a man of 
strong physique and is in the prime of life. 
Fraidv and jovial in manner and honorable in 
all his business dealings, few have a larger 
circle of friends than he. 

-— ^ "^'j i ' t ' ^ 



fVRON II. DAVIS, deceased, was a man 
of exceptionally fine business qualifica- 
tions, and as such was prominently 
identified with tlie development and growth 
of La Crosse. He was born in Canada, jnst 
over the line from Vermont, and in sympathy 
and interests was a citizen of that State. 
About the year 1844, when a youth of eigh- 
teen years, he left home to try his fortune in 
the " Wild West," and he often entertained 
his friends with a graphic description of his 
trip from Buffalo to Chicago by way of the 
Great Lakes, and his experiences in securing 
employment among a strange people. At 
the age of twenty he found liimself in Galena, 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



333 



Illinois, and was engaged in various pursuits 
until the breaking out of the civil war. As 
a personal friend of Generals Grant, Rollins 
and Smith, he spent some years in the army, 
frequently in tiie thick of the fight. 

In 1866 lie came to La Crosse, and was 
connected with the firm of Davis, Medary & 
Hill, which purchased the leather and saddlery 
and hardware business of Grant, Burke & Co.; 
this firm was afterwards changed to Davis & 
Medary, and they erected the La Crosse tan- 
nery; the business was finally merged into a 
stock coinpimy (Davis, Medary & Platz Com- 
pany), and Mr. Davis retained a large amount 
of stock. He was elected vice-presideiit of 
the Batavian Bank upon its organization, an 
office he held at the time of his death; he was 
also president of the tannery company already 
mentioned, at the time of his death. In 
1886, at the age of sixty years, he retired 
from active business pursuits, and was so 
situated as to fully enjoy the remainder of his 
days in the reward that honesty, industry and 
strict integrity had won. Upright in all his 
dealings, he demanded of every one, with 
whom he had business relations, the same 
compliance with what he regarded as legiti- 
mate commercial methods. 

While manifesting a marked interest in 
local and national affairs, he would never con- 
sent to fill an official position within the gitt 
of the people. He had many warm ])ersonal 
friends, and enjoyed his association with them 
in a most genuine and hearty fashion. When 
he passed from this life to the reality of the 
beyond, he was truly mourned by the entire 
community. The directors of the Batavian 
Bank and also the La Crosse Club met and 
adopted resolutions of respect and expressing 
the deep loss sustained in the death of this 
most estimable citizen. 

Mr. Davis was married to Miss Mary Sale, 
and to them were born two children: William 



G. and Walter S.; these two young men 
compose fhe firm of Davis & Co., who con- 
duct a wholesale and retail cigar and tobacco 
business in La Crosse; the business has been 
established about fifteen years; this firm suc- 
ceeding that of Matt Weix; they are doing 
an excellent business, and have extended their 
trade through Wisconsin, Minnesota and 
and Northern Iowa. 



""I* ^ '* ' * l '"" 



fHxVKLES H. NICHOLS, president of 
the C. H. Nichols Lumber Company, 
was born in Williamson, Wayne 
county. New York, August 26, 1831. His 
parents, Colonel Charles Marion and Jane E. 
(Casey) Nichols, were from Auburn, New 
York. The father, a merchant, and a man 
of some prominence in business, was a friend 
of William H. Seward. The family moved 
to Michigan, locating at Kalamazoo, where 
Mr. Nichols continued in mercantile busi- 
ness for a number of years, and it was while 
living there that he received the title of 
Colonel from Governor S. T. Mason. 

He moved to Wisconsin some time before 
1850, settling in Dane county; and he opened 
a store in Madison and a farm at Cottage 
Grove. Charles was employed in the store. 
His elder brother, George, was a civil engin- 
eer and located at St. Paul, where Charles 
went in 1851, and retuained two years. 
George died there, at the age of twenty-one 
years, of quick consumption. Colonel Nichols 
removed to Onalaska in 1852, and with a 
partner began lumbering, under the firm 
name of Nichols & Tompkins. Charles 
went there and in 1853 was employed as 
clerk for the boom company existing there 
at that time. He continued with them until 
he was of age, and thenceforward he was with 
his father until the latter retired. About 



^3 



334 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



1857 they purchased the Royce & Boyce 
mill, and made lumber there for nearly fif- 
teen years. In 1871 Colonel Nichols sold 
the business to his son Charles and his son- 
in-law, Frank Pooler, givinu; them each 
$10,000 and lendinfr them jointly $20,000. 
This, perhaps, put a rather high valuation 
on the property at that time, but it was au 
established business with an exceptionally 
good site. The business was profitably con- 
ducted in this form until 1887, when the C. 
H. Nichols Lumber Company was organized. 

Mr. Nichols, our subject, was married, 
June ly, 1859, to Miss Helen M. Farrand, 
daughter of William and Ruby Farrand, 
natives of New York, who came to Onalaska 
in 1857. Mr. Farrand, also a lumberman, 
was well and favorably known; he died 
August 12, 1868, at the age of sixty-four 
years. Mrs. Farrand is still living, with 
powers of body and mind quite well pre- 
terved, at the age of seventy-nine years. Of 
their eight children, three are living, viz.: 
Charles, a lawyer of Onalaska; Mrs. C. H. 
Niciiols; Ira, who married Miss Lizzie Fahey, 
and resides at Galesville, Trempealeau county; 
t«o children died in infancy; Henry R. died 
at the age of fifteen and a half years; James 
Crouger, the second son, died at the age uf 
fifty-two years; he married Emeline Aiken, 
who now resides at Onalaska; Esther, the 
third in the family, married William A. 
Thayer, and died July 16, 1887. 

Mr. Nichols first found it necessary to 
spend the winter in the South in 1881, and 
for four years spent the cold months at 
Eureka Springs, Arkansas, or at Mineral 
Wells, Texas. Then he spent a winter or two 
in New Orleans, but traveled about some, 
and, being pleased with the situation at 
Eustis, Florida, bought laud there, built a 
pretty cottage, setting the grounds cut to 
fruit and ornamental trees. But his throat 



trouble increased, and he went to Chicago 
for treatment; but failing to receive benefit 
he went to Columbus, Ohio, in the spring of 
1891, and dieil there October 28, following. 
The body was brought home and buried 
November 1, with solemn Masonic rites. 
The deceased was a member of the Episcopal 
Church. He was a thoroughly good Chris- 
tian, had many friends and but few, if any, 
enemies. The Nichols lumber firm built the 
Episcopal Church at Onalaska. 

Mrs. Jane Conway, wife of Charles Con- 
way, at Dresbach, Minnesota, is a sister of 
the deceased; and another sister, Mary, mar- 
ried George Driesbacii ; both are now deceased. 



AMES HENRY, Jr., turnkey of the La 
Crosse county jail, was born in the city 
of Chicago, Hlinois, December 9, 1845, 
and is a son of James and Martha (Hare) 
Henry, natives of county Antrim, Ireland. 
The parents were reared in their native land, 
arid they were married in April, 1839. Soon 
after this event they set sail for America, the 
trip being their bridal tour. They had little 
of this world's goods, but were blessed with 
good constitutions, loving hearts and willing 
hands. They landed in the city of Quebec, 
and proceeded thence to Montreal, where 
they spent the first summer; Mr. Henry was 
employed at farm work the first year of his 
residence here, and then went to Burlington, 
Vermont, where he was engaged at work in 
the round-house for three years, Frank 
Stevens being head manager of the railroad. 
Upon leaving Burlington, he came West and 
located in Chicago, then a slushy, swampy, 
village; he was employed in that place three 
years, working in the machine shops which 
he helped build. It was in 1860 that he 
came to La Crosse county and settled in 



BIOGRAPniOAL HISTORY. 



335 



Farmington township, where he became the 
owner of 720 acres of land. He applied 
himself diligently to agricultural pursuits, 
tilling the soil and raising and feeding live- 
stock, and his efforts were crowned witl' suc- 
cess. Mrs. Henry is cue of a family of four 
daughters and two sons, none of whom ever 
came to America, and only two of whom 
survive, John and Betty. Mr. and Mrs. 
Henry have a family of five children: Edward 
is logging on Black river-, he married Anna 
Gorton, and to them were born two children, 
Mary E. and Winifred; the mother died in 
1891, aged twenty-six; before her marriage 
she was a teacher, and was an ornament and 
honor to the profession; Martha is the wife 
of William Quinn, and resides in North La 
Crosse; they have two children living, 
Maude and May; Maggie lives in Chicago, 
with a cousin; Anna married Yevan Fuller, 
proprietor of the City Hotel, La Crosse. Mr. 
and Mrs. Henry are highly respected citizens, 
and are fully deserving of all the honors 
accorded the pioneers of the county. 

James Henry, Jr., attended school at 
Stevenstown, La Crosse county, and when his 
school days were ended he devoted his ener- 
gies to agriculture. He was united in mar- 
riage, November 28, 1882, to Miss Elizabeth 
Quinn, a daughter of James and Susan Quinn, 
of Ettrick, Trempealeau county, Wisconsin, 
where they are well and favorably known; 
they have reared a family of three sons and 
four daughters. After his mai-riage to Miss 
Quinn, Mr. Henry removed to La Crosse, 
where he has since resided. For five years 
he was policeman of the city, doing faithful 
service and keeping ati excellent reputation, 
in fact placing himself in the front ranks of 
the city's guardians. In 1888 he was ap- 
pointed sergeant of the police, and held that 
office three years, giving a high degree of 
satisfaction. In 1891, August 15, he was 



appointed turnkey of the county jail, and is 
maintaining the high standard he has already 
established. Politically he affiliates with 
the Democratic party, and takes an active 
part in its movements. 

He and his wife are the parents of two 
children: Gertrude and James. The family 
belong to the Roman Catholic Church. 

AVID H. YONKER is the efficient 
freight conductor on the South Minne- 
sota branch of the Chicago, Milwaukee 
& St. Paul Railroad. He was born in Seneca 
county, Ohio, May 6, 1850, to Peter and 
Sarah (Hemming) Yonker, the former of 
whom was a successful farmer of Seneca 
county for a number of years, and afterward 
followed the same occupation in Wyandotte 
county, five miles from Sandusky city. While 
crossing an iron bridge, spanning the San- 
dusky river, with a loaded wagon, the bridge 
gave way, precipitating Mr. Yonker, his 
team and load to the bottom of the river, 
which fortunately happened to be at low 
water. The horses were but little injured, 
but one of the iron arches of the bridge fell 
across Mr. Yonker's body and pinned him to 
the ground. A plowman near by came to 
his relief and succeeded in lifting off the 
arch, which afterward proved too heavy for 
two strong men to move. Mr. Yonker re- 
ceived such severe injuries that they resulted 
in his death at about the age of fifty-two 
years. This occurred in the year 1857. He 
was a consistent member of the United 
Brethren Church, and was a man universally 
esteemed. He left a family of six children, 
of whom the subject of this sketch was the 
fifth. He and a sister, Mrs. Amanda Smith, 
wife of Francis Smith, of Fostoria, Ohio, are 
the only ones now living. The mother is 



336 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



still living in Fostoria, in the seventy-eighth 
year of her age, and is remarkably well pre- 
served, both mentally and physically. 

David n. Yonker attended the public 
schools of Ohio in his youth, and assisted 
Lis parents on the farm, remaining with his 
mother until he was al)ont twenty-two years 
of age. In 1872 he came West to Minnesota, 
and after some time spent in farming he 
beujan dealing in grain at Hrownsdale, for 
Fountain & Peterson, and was afterward with 
Ilod^es it Hyde, of La Crosse, Wisconsin, 
for three years. He then began braking on 
the railroad, and at the end of two years was 
promoted to conductor, whicli position he has 
held for four years, giving good satisfaction. 
While buying grain he served for several 
years as Justice of the Peace, serving, also, 
for some time, as school director, his influ- 
ence in that direction being used for good in 
the community where he resided. He was 
married in Jo Daviess county, Illinois, No- 
vember 30, 1S76, in Fountain, Minnesota, to 
Miss Sylvia Long, daughter of John and 
Mary Long, natives respectively of Pennsyl- 
vania and Ohio, and the parents c>f nine 
children, of whom Mrs. Yonker is the fifth. 

Mr. Long removed to Minnesota about 
1855, and there died on the l.jth of August, 
1848, at the age of sixt^'-three years, of 
rheumatism of the heart. His widow is 
still living in Hamilton, Minnesota, and is 
sixty eight years of age. The union of Mr. 
and Mrs. Yonker has been blessed in the 
birth of two children: Charles F. and Archie 
H. Mr. Yonker is a member of the A. F. 
& A. M., the K. of P., and the O. K. C. He 
takes no interest in politics, but generally 
supports the man whom he considers best 
fitted for the oftice. The Yonkers are of 
German extraction, and the town of Yonkers, 
New York, was named in honor of this 
family. Mrs. Yonker was a teacher prior to 




her marriage, as were also two of her sisters. 
She is a refined and cultivated lady, and her 
parents are well connected on both sides. 
Mr. Yonker is public-spirited in his views, 
and is in every way a worthy and respected 
citizen. 



S. THOMAS, one of the faithful and 
■HIM^B trusted employes of the Chicago, 
l^"^s#i* Burlington & Northern Railroad 
Company, at La Crosse, Wisconsin, was born 
in Reading, Pennsylvania, in 1845, the son 
of William and L aira (Norris) Thomas; the 
fatlier was of Welsh descent, and the mother's 
ancestors landed on Plymouth Rock. William 
Thomas was a brassmolder bj' trade, and 
had charge of the Armstrong Brass & Iron 
Works at Armstrong, Pennsylvania, for many 
years. He removed to Bnshnell, Illinois, in 
1857, and there purchased a farm which he 
cultivated until 1S61. He then engaged in 
buying live-stock for the Government, and 
continued in this business until the time of 
his death, which was the 2d day of September, 
1864; he was fifty-live years of age; his good 
wife followed him one year later on the sauie 
date. W. S. Thomas received his education 
in the public schools of the Keystone State 
and at South Bend, Indiana. When only 
sixteen years of age he responded to the call 
of his country, and went out in defence of 
her Has, enlisting in the Sixteenth Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry, and served with his regi- 
ment until it was mustered out at the close of 
the war; he participated in all the engage- 
ments of his regiment, was with Sherman ou 
his march through Georgia to the sea, and 
back to Washington, where he took part in 
the Grand Review in 1865. When peace 
was declared, and the pursuits of civilization 
once more claimed his attention, he entered 



BIOGBAPHl GAL III STOR 7. 



387 



the employ of the Hannibal & St. Joe Rail- 
road Company, and since that time has been 
in the service of the Northern Missouri, 
Kansas City & Council liiuffs, Wabasli, 8t. 
Louis & Pacific and Central Pacific. From 
1881 to 1888 he was in the mountains with 
the Shackelford and Garrett exploring and 
prospecting party, traveling from the Black 
Hills down into Mexico. He has been run- 
ning an engine on the Chicago, Burlington & 
Northern Railroad from this city, since his 
return from the prospecting expedition. 
Politically lie is a stanch Republican, zeal- 
ously supporting all the measures of that 
body. 

Mr. Thomas was married at Oshkosh, Wis- 
consin, to Miss Katie Keelej, daughter of 
James and Julia Keeley, of Fond du Lac 
county, Wisconsin; Mr. Keeley was one of 
the prominent farmers of that county; his 
death occurred in 1863, at the age of forty 
five years; his wife survived him until 1889, 
when she, too, passed away, at the age of sixty 
years. To Mr. and Mrs. Thomas has been 
born one child, Laura. Mrs. Thomas and her 
parents are members of the Roman Catholic 
Church. Mr. Thomas is a member of John 
Flynn Post, G. A. R. 



►-»»|^.-(j 



♦S^ 



(RCHIBALD E. BOLEY, deceased, was 
one of tiie prominent business men of 
La Crosse, Wisconsin for many years, 
and was the eflticient bookkeeper for C. L. 
Coleman. He was born in Mahoning county, 
Ohio, April 6, 1846, from which place he re- 
moved to Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, and about 
1870 took up his abode in the city of La 
Crosse. Soon after his arrival in this city he 
secured the position of bookkeeper with Mr. 
Coleman, with whom he remained until his 
death. He was faithful and conscientious in 



the discharge of his duties, an upright citi- 
zen, a social and agreeable comj)anion, and in 
his family he was ever kind, thoughtful and 
considerate. He was faithful in his friend- 
ships, and as a citizen commanded respect 
from a wide circle of friends. He is one of 
the men to whom is due a great deal of credit 
for the uplniildiiig and progress of the city, 
and will long be remembered as one of its 
most enterprising and upright citizens. In 
the early part of the civil war he served for 
about one year, but being greatl}' troubled 
with asthma he was discharged at the end of 
nine months. He had acquired a tine practi- 
cal education in the Pittsburg Business Col- 
lege, became an expert at bookkeeping, and 
was considered a well posted man on all sub- 
ject£. He was an able financier and owned 
as many as eleven houses in the city of La 
Crosse, all valuable pieces of property which 
became the property of his wife at his death. 
He was in every way a public-spirited man, 
and although his heart was willing, his flesh 
was weak and the duties laid upon his shoul- 
ders proved too much for his strength, and 
he, after a severe struggle, at last laid down 
the burden of lite. 

He was married December 29, 1884, to 
Miss Emma L. Small, daughter of John G. 
and Emeline Small of Boston. Mrs. Boley 
was born in Maine, and is a highly cultured 
and refined lady, fitted to shine in any society. 
She was a teacher in the public schools of La 
Crosse for four years, but was herself edu- 
cated in the high school of Cambridge, 
Massachusetts. She came to La Crosse on a 
visit to a sister, Mrs. W. A. Anderson, and 
at once engaged in teaching, having had an 
experience of some four years in Maine, near 
Portland. Her mother died many \'ears since 
and iier father in Cambridgeport in 1883. 
Mrs. Boley bore her husband two children: 
Harry E., and Charles S., both bright and 



338 



JilOORAPniGAL ni^TOHY. 



promising lads. Mrs. Boley is a member of 
tiie CoHgregational Cliurcli. Her husband 
usually voted with the Kepublicau party. 



^bCAR IIOUCK, druggist.— A reference 
to the drug trade of La Crosse suggests 
at once the house of which Mr. Houck 
is the |iroprietor, which is one of the best 
and most popular establishments known in 
the trade. The stock carried is a large one, 
embracing all kinds of drugs and chemicals, 
as well as a complete assortment of medicines, 
jierfumes, toilet requisites and physicians 
supplies, making a specialty of prescriptions. 
The establishment is located at 1353 Cale- 
donia street. Mr. Houck was born in Nor- 
way, April 21, 1860, of which country his 
parents, Dr. Ove Gulberg and Anna Hoegh, 
were also natives. The father was a head 
physician for lepers for three or four hospi- 
tals, but was cut down in the prime of life 
in 1862, at the age of forty-eight years. His 
widow still survives him and is a resident of 
her native land. To them a family of eight 
children were born, live of whom came to 
America: Dr. Knut and Carl came to this 
country and to La Crosse, in 1869, and Oscar 
came to this city in 1878. 

He at once became an apprentice in a drug 
store with H. Heyerdahl on Third street, 
with whom he remained as a clerk for one 
and one-half years. He then took charge of 
a drug store in Blair, and two and one-half 
years later he entered the Philadelphia Col- 
lege of Pharmacy, which he attended two 
sessions, succeiding which he remained in 
that city as assistant chemist in the Franklin 
Sugar Refinery; at the end of that time he 
returned to La Crosse and established himself 
in the Northern portion of the city where, in 
1886, he opened a small drug store at 1115 



Caledonia street, under the lirm name of 
Oscar Houck & Co., his brother being a silent 
partner, until 1889, when Oscar purchased 
the entire stock and a year and a half later 
moved into his present establishment. Mr. 
Houck is a Democrat politically, and socially 
is a member of the Knights of Pythias. 

In 1889 he was married to Miss M. R. 
Piper, daughter of Thompson F. and Julia 
E. Piper of Bedford, Pennsylvania. She 
graduated from the Woman's Medical College 
of Philadelphia, in the class of 1887, and has 
since been one of the leading medical practi- 
tioners of North La Crosse. 

[APTAIN GOTTFRIED LANGSTADT, 
commercial traveler in clothing and a 
prominent citizen of La Crosse, Wiscon- 
sin, was born in Nehiein, Westphalia, 
Prussia, October 18, 1835. He is the lifth 
in order of birth of nine children born to 
Nathan and Henrietta (Gotschalk) Lang- 
stadt, both natives of Prussia, in which 
country they passed their entire days, the 
father dying in 1856 at the age of fifty-six, 
and the mother in 1886 at the age of eighty- 
seven. Of their large family, eight children 
are yet living, and four sons and one 
daughter are in this country. 

Captain Langstadt secured a common- 
school education in his native country and at 
an early age learned the trade of harness- 
maker and upholsterer. This he followed 
in Prussia, and in 1861 he sailed for Amer- 
ica, landing in Baltimore, Maryland, in July 
of that year. He remained in that city just 
twenty-four hours, then went to Milwaukee, 
thence to West P>end of this State, and there 
engaged in the harness- makers business until 
October 15, 1861, when he came to La 
Crosse. Here he followed the same business 



BIOaRAPSICAL HI8T0ET. 



;i30 



for Pfifiier until November of that year, when 
he enlisted in defense of liis adopted country, 
in Company H, Second Wisconsin Cavalry, 
and remained in the same until cessation of 
hostilities. lie enlisted as a private and was 
promoted through the different grades until 
he held the rank of Captain. He took part 
in the western campaign, was with General 
Grant at Vickshure. and General Sherman 

IT) 

in his march to Meridian, Mississippi, and 
has often conversed with those generals. He 
participated in the battle of Champion Hill, 
Cotton Plain, Vicksburg and the capture of 
Arkansas Post. He went with Sherman to 
Meridian, an then his regiment was sent to 
Texas. He was sligiitly wounded once, was 
never taken prisoner although he had many 
hair-breadth escapes, and discharged his 
duties faithfully as a brave and patriotic 
soldier, as is evinced by his frequent promo- 
tions. He draws a pension and richly 
deserves it. 

Returning from the war he clerked for 
eight or nine years for a firm in Buffalo, and 
was then on the road for eight years. After 
this he changed to another firm in Buffalo, 
worked for them four years, and then was on 
the road selling clothing for C. Summerfield, 
of Chicago. He has been with this firm 
for about three years, has been unusually 
successful, and his services are appreciated, 

Mr. Langstadt was married on the 15th 
of March, 1866, to Miss Lena Coleman of 
Vicksburg, whose acquaintance he had 
formed while in the siege of Vicksburg. 
They were married in Cincinnati, Ohio, and 
are now the parents of three bright boys: 
Nathan, Albert and Otto. Nathan manages 
the store for Morris & Co., clothing mer- 
chants of La Crosse, and Albert and Otto 
are electricians in A})pleton, Wisconsin. Mr. 
and Mrs. Langstadt hold membership in the 
Jewish Church. Mr. Langstadt is a member 



of the G. A. R., and in politics he is inde- 
pendent. He has been very successful in 
business, and with his established habits of 
industry, good management and economy, is 
well calculated to succeed in any business in 
which he may engage. He has ever been 
honest and upright, and as a patriotic busi- 
ness man he holds the respect of the com- 
munity in which he is known. He has been 
a hard worker, has struggled against the 
many difticulties which beset his way, and 
by diligent application has accumulated a 
comfortable competence. His nicely located 
liouse gives evidence of the comfort that will 
attend his declining years. 

>^^,^ 

EORGE D. WRIGHT, one of the lead- 
ing business men of La Crosse, Wis- 
consin, is engaged in dealing in flour, 
all kinds of feed, farm machinery and car- 
riages, and is conducting an extensive busi- 
ness at 221 Pearl Street. He was born at 
Milton, R.ock county, Wisconsin, November 
28, 1848, to George A. and Elizabeth (Gar- 
rison) Wright, who were born, reared and 
married in York State, the father being a 
tiller of the soil. His uncle, William Anson 
Wright, was Adjutant General for the State of 
New York for a number of years. George 
Anson Wright, the paternal grandfather of 
the subject of this sketch, took part in the 
war of 1812, as did also the maternal grand- 
father, Ezra Garrison, the latter of whom was 
a pensioner until his death. George A. Wright, 
the father of George D., came to Wisconsin 
in 1845 and settled near Milton, where he 
farmed. In 1850 he moved to Cottage Grove 
in Dane county where, in addition to man- 
aging a farm, he conducted a hotel. Later 
he removed to Madison, where he lived 
a retired life which terminated in 1876 



340 



BIOGRAPHIOAL BISTORT. 



at the age of fifty-nine years. lie was 
well known and lii<jlily respected for his 
many worthy qualities. His wife ilied in 
1856, a devout member of the Baptist 
('hurch. George I). Writfht is tiie third of 
nine children, and before the age of fifteen he 
left home and the school he was attending to 

o 

enlist in Company B, First Wisconsin Cav- 
alry, and his first battle was fought at Hop 
kinsville, Kentucky. He was also at Selma, 
Alabama, West Point, Georgia, finishing up 
with the capture of Jefferson Davis, receiv- 
ing a part of the reward offered for his appre- 
hension. General Wilson ordered eighty 
men from the First Wisconsin Cavalry, at 
Macon, Georgia, to strike the trail of the 
rebel fugitives who were presumably on 
their way to St. Mark's, Florida, and struck 
the trail at Green River, Georgia, at the end 
of twelve days. On the morning of May 
10, 1865, notwithstanding the disguises to 
which Mr. Davis resorted — a woman's circu- 
lar cloak and shawl — he aroused suspicion by 
unluckily forgetting to remove his spurs 
wliich protruded from under the waterproof, 
and was accordingly captured. A short time 
previous to the capture Mr. Wright heanl 
Mrs. Davis say to her husband, "Don't irri- 
tate the Yankees, President;" to which he 
replied: "I might as well surrender here and 
meet my fate now as at any time.'' Post- 
master-General Reagan and General Cobb 
were captured at the same time. They were 
placed in a wagon under strong guard and 
taken to Macon, Georgia, the trip occupying 
two days, and from there were sent to Wash- 
ington. Mr. Wright, with his regiment, 
was then ordered to Nashville, where he was 
mustered out of service. Ail of this occurred 
prior to Mr. Wright's seventeenth birthday. 
He stood the hardships and weary marches 
of the service quite well and was wounded 



only once — a flesh wound which he received 
at Selma. 

Upon iiis return home he began the study 
of architecture at Madison, which he com- 
pleted at the end of three years. In 1809 he 
went to Clarksville, Iowa, where he tauirlit 
school one term, then engaged in contracting 
and building. In 1870 he moved to New 
Richmond, St. Croi.x county, Wisconsin, and 
followed teaching, contracting and building 
until his marriage, October 19, 1881, to Miss 
Rose E. Hughs, daughter of John Hughs, of 
Waukesha, Wisconsin. Their home has been 
brightened by the birth of three children: 
Frank W., Cora E. and Olive M. Mr. 
Wright is Adjutant of Wilson Colwell Post of 
the G. A. R. of La Crosse. As a business 
man he has shown sound judgment, and his 
affairs are now in a flonrishiu'' condition. 
His establishment is first-class of its kind, 
his patronage is deservedly large, and he is 
one who would add prestige to any com- 
munity. 

^ • 3"i - |" •■" 



tAWRENCE CORDELL, manufacturer 
and wholesale dealer in rubber stamps, 
stencils, etc. His business is one of 
those trades which, more perhaps than any 
other, finds its patrons in all branches of em- 
ployment, and ii a necessary coinplemjnt of 
them all. Mr. Cordell was born in Hamilton 
county, Indiana, May 31, 1859, to Andrew 
and Ureka Cordell, who were born in Sweden. 
They removed from their native land to To- 
ledo, Ohio, then to Indiana, where the father 
followed his trade of carpenter and builder 
from 1853 until his death at 1 o'clock on the 
morning of New Year's day, 1871. His age 
was fifty-five years. He was a member of the 
Presbyterian Church of which his wife, who 
survives him at the age of sixty-nine years, 



BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY. 



341 



also belongs. Siie resides in St. Paul, Minne- 
sota, with her daughter, Mrs. Gottschammer, 
who is the wife of Silas Gottschammer, a boot 
and shoe merciiant. To Andrew Gordell and 
his wife the following children were born: 
Amanda, wife of Thomas B. Cook, a farmer 
of Tipton county, Indiana, by whom she has 
three children; Edward, witli C. Gotzian & 
Co.; Lawrence; and Julia, now Mrs. S. J. 
Gottschammer. Four children died in early 
childhood. 

Lawrence Cordell was educated in the pub- 
lic schools of Indiana and liis first work for 
himself was as a clerk in a liardware store in 
Red Wing, Minnesota. After remaining 
there five years and two years in Minto, Da- 
kota, two in Eau Claire, Wisconsin, and 
five years in La Crosse, Wisconsin, he, in 
1888, started in the business in which he is 
now engaged. They have succeeded in estab- 
lishing a connection of much importance, 
which is increasing day by day. In addition 
to manufacturing rubber stamps, stencils, 
fishing-rods, models, novelties, etc., they are 
the agents for the Union bicycle, and make 
a specialty of repairing bicycles. 

He was married February 22, 1882, to 
Miss Carrie Lowater of Red Wing, Minne- 
sota, in which place she was a successful 
teacher in the public schools for one year. 
She has borne Mr. Cordell one child: Ava. 
Mrs. Cordell's father was E. P. Lowater, who 
died in 1888, the maiden name of her mother 
being Jennie Mclntire, who resides in Red 
Wing, Minnesota, and is sixty-three years 
of age. Mr. Lowater was one of the leaders 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church of that 
city. He was a native of Canada and his 
wife of New Hampshire. Mrs. Cordell was 
educated in Red Wing and Tilden Seminary 
of New Hampshire. Mr. Cordell is Chief 



Ranger in the secret order of Foresters, but 
is not active politically, voting for the man 
he considers best fitted for the ofiice. 



■^%- 



fUDGE HENRY M. SAFFORD, de- 
ceased. — Among the professional men 
of La Crosse, Wisconsin, wlio have 
passed away, none were more favorably 
known, perhaps, than Judge Safford. He 
was born at Cambridge, Vermont, May 14, 
1826, to Oel and Louisa (Parker) Safford, 
who were also natives of the Green Mountain 
State. The father was a farmer and merchant 
by occupation, and in disposition was quiet 
and unobtrusive, though an honorable and 
far-seeing business man. He commanded 
the respect and good will of a large circle of 
acquaintances, and was much beloved and 
revered by his own family. He was born 
October 14, 1794, and died April 28, 1861. 
Emerson O. and the Judge were their only 
children. The former was born in 1824, and 
died February 18, 1889. 

Judge Safford came West in 1870, having 
received a good education in Cambridge and 
Johnston, completing a thorough academic 
education. He read law under Salmon 
Wires, of Johnston, and was admitted to the 
bar in 1844. He at once began the practice 
of his profession at Hyde Park, and later at 
Kichford, Vermont, and at the latter place 
he was Customhouse Officer for several 
years, but conducted his law practice at the 
same time. He came to La Crosse in 1870 
and opened an office, having for his partner 
J. A. Kellogg. He was thoroughly versed 
in the details of his profession, and his 
papers were made out with such precision, 
correctness and absolute adherence to the 



342 



BWGRAPaWAL n I STORY. 



technicalities of the law, that the shrewdest 
lawyers could pick no flaw in thetn. He 
practiced law in La Crosse until his death, 
and gathered about him a large clientage. 
He was appointed District Attorney to iill a 
vacancy, and was afterwards elected to the 
otKce, his ability being thus recognized. He 
also filled the office of Justice of the Peace 
for ten or twelve years, and was appointed 
Police Justice also to fill a vacancy, being 
elected to this position for a term of three 
years at the expiration of his first term. He 
gave the best of satisfaction in every position 
he filled, and everybody knew liim as a man 
of warm heart and strict integrity. His 
nature was so sympathetic that suffering 
humanity was the liberal sharer of his 
bounty, and people in all walks of life were 
proud to be called his friends. He carried 
sunshine and good cheer wherever he went, 
and he possessed the kindliest sentiments 
and the broadest charity. He was absolutely 
incorruptible in his public life, and was 
always guided by an enlightened conscience, 
and was likewise true and faithful in his 
friendships. He was not much of a politi- 
cian, but he acted with tlie Democratic 
party. His death, which occurred February 
17, 1891, was deeply lamented by all. His 
funeral services were conducted by Rev. 
Cheney, who paid an eloquent and glowing 
tribute to his many virtues. 

Judge Salford was married January 18, 
1849, to Miss Caroline E. Wadsworth. daugh- 
ter of David and Caroline (Metcalf) AYads- 
worth, of Cambridge, Vermont, both of 
whom have been dead for many years, the 
mother's deatii occurring three months after 
the father's. They were each aged seventy- 
three years, and celebrated tlieir golden wed- 
ding the year before their death. 



" Fifty years togetber, husband and wife; 
Fifty years together, in the path of life; 
Fifty years together, stemming the tide; 
Fifty years togetlier, happy groom and bride. 
Fifty years together, each faithful and true; 
Fifty years togetber, there they vow anew; 
Fifty years togetber, and the rest of the way 
Ever proved to them a bright, golden day." 

The home of Judge Safford was blessed in 
the birth of four children: Caroline Louisa, 
who died at the age of three years; Henry 
Eugene, who died at the age of sixteen 
years; Eldora L., an intelligent young lady, 
who is at home; and George W., who died 
at the age of seven years. 

fOHN LANGDON", deceased, formerly of 
the firm of Langdon & Goodland, pork- 
packers, was born in Exeter, Devonshire, 
England, January 8, 1830, a son of John 
Langdon, Sr. He came to the United States 
in 1854, and until 1866 was engaged in busi- 
ness in Milwaukee; then came to La Crosse 
and engaged in pork- packing, which business 
occupied his attention while he lived. The 
firm name was first Langdon & Goodland (a 
sketch of Mr. Goodland appears elsewhere in 
this volume), but in 1872 it was changed to 
Langdon, Goodland & Co., and continued 
such until 1879, when Mr. Langdon con- 
ducted business alone. Since his death, 
which occurred January 8, on his fifty- 
seventh birtiiday, the firm name has been 
Langdon & Boyd, Mrs. Langdon retaining 
her husband's interest. 

Mr. Langdon was married in 1850, at St. 
Mary Archer's Church, Exeter, England, to 
Miss Susan Sparks, who died March 5, 1863, 

leavinor him with t